What Makes Juvenile Offenders Different from Adult Offenders?
| Cataloged on:
May. 11, 2011
ANNOTATION: “This paper outlines the factors (biological, psychological and social) that make juvenile offenders different from adult offenders and that necessitate unique responses to juvenile crime” (p. 1). Anyone connected to juveniles involved with the criminal justice system needs to be aware of the findings gleaned from this study. Sections of this publication are: how juvenile offending differs from adult offending—the proportion of crime perpetrated by juveniles, growing out of crime and the age-crime curve, juvenile offending trajectories, the proportion of juveniles who come into contact with the criminal justice system, the types of offences that are perpetrated by juveniles, and the nature of juvenile offending; why juvenile offending differs from adult offending—risk-taking and peer influence, intellectual disability and mental illness, and young people as crime victims; the challenge of responding to juvenile crime—juvenile offenders have complex needs, they require a higher duty of care, and they may grow out of crime; juvenile justice interventions--the doctrine of doli incapax, welfare and justice approaches to juvenile justice, reducing stigmatization, addressing juveniles’ criminologic needs, diversion of juveniles, and avoiding peer contagion; and conclusion.