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Browsing Documents for ' Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC)'

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Date Title Type
2013
Document 027502
The Delivery of Pretrial Justice in Rural Areas: A Guide for Rural County Officials
By Vetter, Stephanie J.; Clark, John. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); National Association of Counties (NaCo) (Washington, DC).
“This is a guide for elected officials seeking to enhance existing or develop new pretrial justice practices in rural areas. By identifying the characteristics, strengths and challenges in rural jurisdictions and combining these factors with the lessons and experiences of urban, suburban and rural pretrial justice programs, national standards and best practices, this guide offers a set of recommendations to enhance local policies and practices within the context of rural settings” (p. 3). Sectio... Read More
PDF
23 pages
2013
Document 027893
Unsecured Bonds: The Most Effective and Efficient Pretrial Release Option
By Jones, Michael R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
If your pretrial agency is looking for solid empirical evidence about the effectiveness of unsecure bonds compared to secure bonds in safeguarding public safety, you need to read this report. “Findings support judicial officers changing their practices to use more unsecured releases, to include unsecured bonds if currently permitted by law, to achieve the same public safety and court appear¬ance rates while using far fewer jail beds. These un¬secured bonds could be used in conjunction with an in... Read More
PDF
26 pages
2012
Document 027577
Pretrial Risk Assessment 101: Science Provides Guidance on Managing Defendants
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This brief explains how pretrial risk assessments can benefit the community by improving public safety and reducing costs. Sections cover: what a pretrial risk assessment tool is; the risk factors that are on a pretrial risk assessment; why it is important to some a person’s risk level; the effectiveness of pretrial risk assessments; how pretrial risk assessments are developed; the challenges and limitations of a pretrial risk assessment; and the things criminal justice stakeholders can do to im... Read More
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5 pages
2011
Document 024954
State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
“This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
PDF
42 pages
2011
Document 025425
Glossary of Terms and Phrases Relating to Bail and the Pretrial Release or Detention Decision
By Schnacke, Timothy R.; Jones, Michael R.; Brooker, Claire M.B.. Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This “glossary of terms and phrases has been written to provide current definitions, in context, and with historical references as needed, to clarify a comprehensive set of common terms relating to bail and the pretrial release and detention decision” (p. 1).... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2011
Document 025705
Promising Practices in Providing Pretrial Services Functions Within Probation Agencies: A Users Guide
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
Guidance is provided for jurisdictions looking to incorporate a pretrial services function within a probation department. This combination will serve to “retain or implement evidence-based practices in a way that provides the most efficient use of criminal justice resources without sacrificing public safety” (p. 7). Sections of this publication are: introduction; advantages of providing pretrial services functions in a probation department—taking advantage of existing infrastructure and relatio... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2010
Document 025424
Responses to Claims about Money Bail for Criminal Justice Decision-Makers
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
Twenty-three misperceptions about money bail are corrected. This publication can “be used to help these decision-makers respond to possible claims and/or questions, primarily about the use of money bail and commercial bail bondsmen, by bail bondsmen, the public, the media, and others in the justice system” (p. 3).... Read More
PDF
45 pages
2010
Document 024372
A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); Justice Management Institute (JMI) (Denver, CO); The Carey Group (Silver Spring, MD).
This report is essential reading for individuals wanting to achieve "measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction reoffending" (p.6). Eight sections follow an introduction (a new paradigm for the justice system): underlying premises; the key decision points, decision makers, and stakeholders in the criminal justice system; examining justice system decision making through the lens of harm reduction; the principles underlying the framework; applying evidence-based principles to... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2010
Document 024553
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI)
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This should be the first stop on your search for pretrial services information. Points of entry are: about PJI; PJI’s services; projects; resources--specific pages on the Bail Decision, Diversion Programs, Increasing Appearance Rates, Supervising defendants, Performance Measures, and Costs; features resources; pretrail in the press--news and articles; upcoming events; quick links; and contact information.... Read More
WEB
1 p.
2010
Document 024713
The History of Bail and Pretrial Release
By Schnacke, Timothy R.; Jones, Michael R.; Brooker, Claire M.B.. Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
The “following history of bail suggests that as our ability to predict a defendant’s pretrial conduct becomes more accurate, our need for reforming how bail is administered will initially be great, and then should diminish over time” (p. 1.) Sections of this report are: introduction; Anglo-Saxon roots; the Norman Conquest to 1700; bail in the U.S.; the practical administration of bail in England and America; the rise of commercial money bail bondsman; Stack v. Boyle and Carlson V. Landon; empiri... Read More
PDF
27 pages
2010
Document 024752
Validation of the Coconino County Pretrial Risk Assessment Tool
By Levin, David J.. Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
The ability of Coconino County’s pretrial risk assessment to validly predict whether a defendant will appear for trial or be rearrested is determined. Sections after an abstract include: introduction; participant demographics; comparison of findings with data from other jurisdictions—age, education and employment, community ties, property ownership/access, current charge, prior criminal history, prior failure to appear, current involvement with the criminal justice system, substance abuse, pretr... Read More
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42 pages
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