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Browsing Documents for ' U.S. Bureau Of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC)'

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2013
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Recidivism Reduction Checklists
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
“These checklists can help familiarize state leaders with key issues related to recidivism reduction, and help them honestly evaluate strengths and weaknesses in their reentry efforts through enhanced communication and coordination.” Checklists are targeted for each of the following—executive and legislative policymakers, state corrections administrators, and state reentry coordinators. The checklists can be used to educate policymakers, to assess the comprehensiveness of their recidivism strate... Read More
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2013
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Developing a Policy on the Use of Social Media in Intelligence and Investigative Activities: Guidance and Recommendations
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Deputy Attorney General. Global Advisory Committee (GAC) (Washington, DC).
"Social media sites have become useful tools for the public and law enforcement entities, but criminals are also using these sites for wrongful purposes. Social media sites may be used to coordinate a criminal-related flash mob or plan a robbery, or terrorist groups may use social media sites to recruit new members and espouse their criminal intentions. Social media sites are increasingly being used to instigate or conduct criminal activity, and law enforcement personnel should understand the co... Read More
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52 pages
2013
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Building Cost-Benefit Analysis Capacity in Criminal Justice: Notes from a Roundtable Discussion
By Chiu, Tina. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice. Cost-Benefit Knowledge Bank for Criminal Justice (CBKB) (New York, NY) .
“Interest in using cost-benefit analysis (CBA) to help in criminal justice policymaking and planning has grown in recent years as state and local budgets have become increasingly strained. Most jurisdictions, however, have not been able to create a sustained capacity to produce and use CBA in decision making and budgeting. The Vera Institute of Justice organized a roundtable discussion to examine what factors might help jurisdictions build lasting capacity to use and perform CBA … The discussion... Read More
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16 pages
2013
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A Guide to Calculating Justice-System Marginal Costs
By Henrichson, Christian; Galgano, Sarah. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice. Cost-Benefit Analysis Unit (New York, NY).
"Any economic study of a justice-related investment needs to use the right cost information in its calculations. The type of cost used makes a difference in the accuracy of a study’s findings, as well as its relevance for policymaking, budgeting, and practice. Vera’s Cost-Benefit Analysis Unit has published this guide to help technical users and general readers understand marginal cost—the amount of change in total cost when a unit of output changes." “This guide [in particular] instructs policy... Read More
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28 pages
2013
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Implications of the Affordable Care Act on People Involved with the Criminal Justice System
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
“This brief provides an overview of the implications of the ACA [Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act] for adults involved with the criminal justice system, as well as information about how professionals in the criminal justice field can help this population access the services now available to them” (p. 1). Sections cover: the opportunity; what ACA means to people involved with the criminal justice system; the “individual mandate” of the ACA; the role of criminal justice agencies—determin... Read More
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6 pages
2013
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Justice and Health Connect
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“Justice and Health Connect aims to increase the ability of government agencies and community organizations to share information across health and justice systems.” Points of access include: background—what information sharing is, the reason for sharing information, how it will benefit your agency, and information sharing myths; a toolkit explaining how to create and implement an efficient and successful interagency collaboration that shares information—four modules covering defining your object... Read More
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2013
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An Inventory and Examination of Restorative Justice Practices for Youth in Illinois
By Burke, Kimberly S.; Bostwick, Lindsay; Sylwestzak, Amy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (ICJIA) (Chicago, IL).
“The goal of this study was to learn the extent to which programs incorporate the components of restorative justice and provide an inventory of organizations implementing programs using restorative justice practices in Illinois” (p. 4). Sections of this report include: key findings; introduction; literature review; methodology; findings regarding organizations using restorative justice, restorative justice in action at Ogle County Probation, restorative justice in action at Champaign County Regi... Read More
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85 pages
2013
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PREA Essentials
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“The PREA Resource Center (PRC) designed this PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act] Essentials Page to guide professionals in their implementation of specific standards; therefore, this page is organized by standards categories … Each category contains: (1) a brief synopsis summarizing the standards in that category, (2) links to an online version of those standards, (3) links to helpful resources related to those standards sorted by correctional facility type, and (4) where relevant, a discussion ... Read More
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26 pages
2013
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Opportunities for Information Sharing to Enhance Health and Public Safety Outcomes: A Report by the Criminal Justice and Health Collaboration Project, Version 1
By Parker, Scott; Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Horvath, Aaron. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Criminal Justice and Health Collaboration Project Working Group; IJIS Institute (Ashburn, VA); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This report was designed as a resource for the justice and health fields to: Identify the full range of beneficial information exchanges between the criminal justice and healthcare systems; Provide detail on specific information exchanges within the context of routine criminal justice and health operations; Serve as a guide to policymakers and practitioners seeking to implement information exchange, by offering detail on workflow and implementation issues; and, Offer a “blueprint” to certain sp... Read More
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148 pages
2013
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Safeguarding Your Sexual Safety: A PREA Orientation Video
By Warren, Chip. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). The Moss Group (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent presentation for youth about the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). It is intended to be used during orientation to the facility. Sections contained in this presentation are: Introductions—what’s it really like; Part 1—understanding your rights versus privileges; Part 2—zero tolerance means zero; Part 3—ensuring safety--i.e. grooming, letting others know of inappropriate touch, sharing of contraband by staff, sharing of personal information by staff, bullying by other youth... Read More

25 minutes
2013
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PREA Audit Instrument – Prisons and Jails (Pending Final Revisions)
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“These documents comprise the instrument that auditors will use to audit the U.S. Department of Justice's PREA Standards for Prisons and Jails, pending final revisions.” Elements comprising this instrument are: “Process Map” describing the audit process from start to finish; “Checklist of Documentation”; “Pre-Audit Questionnaire”; “Auditor Compliance Tool” used to determine PREA compliance; “Instructions for PREA Audit Tour” of the facility; “Interview Protocols” for Agency Head or Designee, Wa... Read More

2012
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A Summary Checklist of Evidence-Based Drug Court Treatment Practices
By Peters, Roger H.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). American University. School of Public Affairs. Center for State Courts (Washington, DC).
“This checklist [of 13 elements] is designed to assist in reviewing drug court programs’ treatment services to determine whether they reflect the use of evidence-based treatment practices. The checklist should be used in conjunction with a companion document entitled “Drug Court Treatment Services: Applying Research Findings to Practice - Issues Commentary and Resource Brief” [NIC accession number 027141” (p. 1).... Read More
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2 pages
2012
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“Drug Court Treatment Services: Applying Research Findings to Practice” Issues Commentary and Resource Brief
By Peters, Roger H.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). American University. School of Public Affairs. Center for State Courts (Washington, DC).
This is a great introduction to drug courts and their effectiveness. Any one working with drug courts should read this brief. Sections cover: effectiveness of drug courts; immediate placement in treatment; screening and assessment; coerced treatment is as effective as voluntary treatment; sanctions should be coupled with incentives and involvement in treatment; optimal treatment duration is at least six months and no more than 18 months; outpatient treatment is the most efficient program modalit... Read More
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6 pages
2012
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Widening the Circle: Can Peacemaking Work Outside of Tribal Communities? A Guide for Planning
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“The innovative power of tribal jurisprudence, which long ago discovered alternative dispute resolution methods, can continue to provide direct benefit to non-Indian sovereigns and their citizens. Enriching and reciprocal potential exists; it is only a matter of whether the non-Indian world is ready to learn and appreciate the customary wisdom in tribal common law—Gloria Valencia-Weber” (p. 1). This guide provides an excellent introduction to this effective conflict resolution process. Sections ... Read More
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17 pages
2012
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'The Public Wants to Be Involved': A Roundtable Conversation about Community and Restorative Justice
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“By enlisting the public as an active ally, community justice builds trust in government, which, in turn, helps police and prosecutors build better cases. Community justice also allows agencies to go beyond merely responding to crime by promoting the development of collaborative preventive strategies. And by engaging volunteers and community-based resources, community justice saves money, lessening pressure on public budgets. Seen this way, community justice is a smart strategy, one that increas... Read More
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23 pages
2012
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Pathways Project--Research Factsheet: Mental Health & Trauma among Women in Jails
By Lynch, Shannon; DeHart, D.; Belknap, J.; Green, B.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pathways Project. Idaho State University (Pocatello, ID).
Findings are presented from a national study showing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI) , substance use disorders (SUD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the United States female jail population. Topics discussed include: the majority of females jailed have at least one of the assessed mental health disorders during their lifetime; regional differences exist in the rates of assessed mental health disorders; 25% of these women reported severe functional impairment in the pa... Read More
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2 pages
2012
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APPA’s C.A.R.E. Model: A Framework for Collaboration, Analysis, Reentry, and Evaluation: A Response to Street Gang Violence
By DeMichele. Matthew; Matz, Adam K.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA). Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) (Lexington, KY); Council of State Governments (Lexington, KY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
This publication presents the C.A.R.E. model developed by the American Probation and Parole Associations (APPA) that explains how community corrections can be involved in anti-gang initiatives. It uses evidence-based practices (data-driven strategies) to back up the use of certain policies and procedures. Each chapter provides an “overview of each component, obstacles, and recommendations for implementation … [and] begins with a clear policy-practice statement summarizing the chapter’s purpose. ... Read More
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67 pages
2012
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Statewide Law Enforcement/Mental Health Efforts: Strategies to Support and Sustain Local Initiatives
By Reuland, Melissa; Draper, Laura; Norton, Blake. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (New York, NY).
“The purpose of this document is to provide readers with a description of how statewide efforts can be organized and play a role in supporting SPRs [specialized policing responses] within their borders” (p. viii). The two prevalent SPRs being Crisis Intervention Teams (CITs) and police-mental health co-responder teams. The information provided is important for anyone dealing with mentally ill offenders in the community. This report is divided into three main sections: the structure of statewide ... Read More
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66 pages
2012
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Improving Outcomes for People with Mental Illnesses Involved with New York City’s Criminal court and Correction Systems
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation (New York, NY). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
Strategies that “could improve treatment outcomes and expedite case disposition for people with mental illnesses, ensuring the most appropriate use of scarce city resources while maintaining public safety” are presented (p. 3). These strategies are integral parts of a policy framework that addresses the special needs of mentally ill offenders. This policy framework is composed of the following parts: determine levels of risks and needs; provide pretrial, plea, and sentencing options; establish c... Read More
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17 pages
2012
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The National PREA Resource Center
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“The PRC’s [PREA Resource Center’s] aim is to provide assistance to those responsible for state and local adult prisons and jails, juvenile facilities, community corrections, lockups, tribal organizations, and inmates and their families in their efforts to eliminate sexual abuse in confinement. The PRC serves as a central repository for the best research in the field on trends, prevention, and response strategies, and best practices in corrections.” Points of entry include: about the center; lib... Read More
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2012
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Statewide Coordination of Problem-Solving Courts: A Snapshot of Five States
By Dominique, Elvita. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Objectives involved in the centralizing of the administration of problem-solving courts are discussed. The strategies described may help your state to decide if or how to coordinate your own group of problem-solving courts. Goals of statewide coordination entail quality assurance, training, funding, research and evaluation, technology, and advocacy. The manner in which the states of California, Idaho, Indiana, Maryland, and New York address these goals are explained.... Read More
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10 pages
2012
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Community Corrections Automated Case Management Procurement Guide with Bid Specifications, Version 1.0
By Matz, Adam K.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Council of State Government (Lexington, KY).
'The following [publication] offers guidance to those tasked with the procurement of an automated information solution (e.g., case management system) for a community corrections agency. Currently there is a lack of concise literature to assist probation or parole agencies looking to procure or build systems that will support both their internal needs and their external information sharing needs ' Herein the process of planning and procuring a system is streamlined for the probation and/or parole... Read More
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145 pages
2012
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Examining Growth in the Federal Prison Population, 1998 to 2010
By Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Parthasaranthy, Barbara; Adams, William. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This “analysis describes how the size and composition of the federal prison population have changed over time and apportions this population growth into shares associated with the different stages of the criminal justice process that determine who is sent to prison and the duration of their incarceration … The increase in expected time served by drug offenders was the single greatest contributor to growth in the federal prison population between 1998 and 2010” (p. 3). Sections of this report inc... Read More
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34 pages
2012
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Women’s Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental Illness & Trauma
By Lynch, Shannon M; DeHart, Dana D.; Belknap, Joanne; Green, Bonnie L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI … Understanding female offenders’ pathways to offending, including both risk for onset and risk for continued offending, helps elucidate the complexity of their experiences and identify key factors and intervening variables that... Read More
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91 pages
2012
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Frequent Users of Jail and Shelter Systems in the District of Columbia: An Overview of the Potential for Supportive Housing
By Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Fontaine, Jocelyn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“The Corporation for Supportive Housing [CSH] has launched a number of frequent user initiatives across the country through a model that combines housing with supportive services. The ultimate goal is to break the costly cycle of high system use through the provision of permanent supportive housing to frequent users, thereby increasing housing stability, public health, and public safety” (p. 1). Frequent users are those individuals who make frequent use of public crisis systems. One such CHS tes... Read More
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4 pages
2012
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Ten Truths that Matter When Working with Justice Involved Women
By Ney, Becki, editor; Ramirez, Rachelle, editor; Dieten, Marilyn van, editor. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (Washington, DC).
“This document reviews ten truths about justice involved women—gleaned from the research over the last few decades —that must be recognized if we are to successfully manage this population, achieve greater reductions in recidivism, and improve public safety outcomes. It is our hope that by understanding these truths, criminal justice policymakers and practitioners will be more aware of gender differences and take steps to enhance their approaches to managing justice involved women” (p. iii). So... Read More
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22 pages
2012
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Data-Driven Decisionmaking for Strategic Justice Reinvestment
By Dwyer, Alison M.; Neusteter, S. Rebecca; Lachman, Pamela. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
The importance and role of data in the justice reinvestment process is explained. This brief looks at: locating and accessing data; identifying population drivers; potential data for intervention points, data information intervention points, and associated agency costs; quantifying cost drivers; strategizing with data; directing reinvestment efforts; ensuring sustainability; and performance measures.... Read More
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10 pages
2012
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Tracking Costs and Savings through Justice Reinvestment
By Lachman, Pamela; Neusteter, S. Rebecca. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This brief “provides guidance on how stakeholders can conduct a comprehensive assessment of local criminal justice spending, how they should target their reinvestment efforts, and how they can make the most of the savings achieved through the justice reinvestment process.” (p. 2). Sections of this publication include: the local justice reinvestment model; documenting costs and demonstrating savings; tracking populations across systems; measuring savings throughout jurisdictions; determining how ... Read More
WEB
12 pages
2012
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Implementing The Prison Rape Elimination Act: A Toolkit for Juvenile Agencies and Facilities
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); Center for Innovative Public Policies (CIPP) (Naples, FL).
“The goal of this Toolkit is to provide juvenile agencies and facilities of all sizes, political divisions, and geographic locations with a step-by-step guide for preventing, detecting, and eliminating sexual abuse of residents in their custody – and for responding effectively to abuse when it does occur” (p. 4). This document is divided into three parts; PREA implementation—general information about the PREA law, the PREA Standards, definitions and terms, developing strategies to comply with PR... Read More
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104 pages
2012
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Implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act: A Toolkit for Jails
By Asbridge, Caleb; Bosley, Rachel; Layman, Elizabeth Price; Moss, Andie; SHorba, Jeff; Smith, Brenda V.; Vanek, Shaina; Yarussi, Jaime. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). The Moss Group (Washington, DC); Center for Innovative Public Policies, Inc. (CIPP) (Naples, FL).
“The goal of this Toolkit is to provide jails of all sizes, political divisions, and geographic locations with a step-by-step guide for preventing, detecting, and eliminating sexual abuse of inmates1 in their custody – and for responding effectively to abuse when it does occur … Protecting arrestees, detainees, and inmates from sexual violence is part of a jail’s core mission. This Toolkit will help assess your jail’s operations with an eye to improvements” (p. 4). This publication is divided in... Read More
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102 pages
2012
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Adults with Behavioral Health Needs Under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery
By Osher, Fred; D'Amora, David A.; Plotkin, Martha; Jarrett, Nicole; Eggleston, Alexa. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY); Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project (New York, NY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This white paper presents a shared framework for reducing recidivism and behavioral health problems among individuals under correctional control or supervision—that is, for individuals in correctional facilities or who are on probation or parole. The paper is written for policymakers, administrators, and practitioners committed to making the most effective use of scarce resources to improve outcomes for individuals with behavioral health problems who are involved in the corrections system. It i... Read More
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82 pages
2012
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Community Reentry after Prison Drug Treatment: Learning from Sheridan Therapeutic Community Program Participants
By Reichert, Jessica; Ruzich, Dawn; Campbell, Rebecca. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
Results from an evaluation of the Sheridan Correctional Center National Drug Prison and Reentry Program are provided. Agencies would be wise to read this report if they are thinking of creating a similar program or revamping an existing one. Findings are reported for: sample demographics; background prior to Sheridan; experiences at Sheridan; preparation for reentry; experience in the community; relapse; recidivism; and additional comments. Graduates of this program remained (on average) two yea... Read More
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87 pages
2012
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Discover Corrections
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Discover Corrections.com.
This website is a great resource for those individuals looking for a job in the corrections field or just wanting some information about correctional employment. Points of entry are: why corrections; explore the field; career resources; find your job; stories from the field; latest job postings; and corrections in your area. The last access point takes you to quick facts and salary information (if given) about community corrections (parole, probation, and juvenile services), jails and detention ... Read More
WEB
2012
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Webinar: PREA Readiness – Arlington County Detention Facility
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC); Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (Washington, DC).
"Sheriff Beth Arthur and Major David Kidwell, Director of Corrections, will discuss their long-standing commitment to preventing sexual assault at the Arlington County Detention Facility, provide guidance to other jails on strategies for preventing and responding to sexual assault, and share their agency's successes and lessons learned."... Read More
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2011
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Preventing & Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities: A Policy Development Guide
By Abner, Carrie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
“The purpose of this guide is to provide useful information to administrators of tribal jails, lockups, juvenile detention, and other correctional facilities, about corrections-based sexual abuse, the Prison Rape Elimination Act, and their role in addressing this issue through the development of appropriate policies and procedures … The guide provides background information on the problem of corrections-based sexual assault, the impact of sexual abuse victimization on inmate behavior, and the wa... Read More
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76 pages
2011
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Supportive Housing for the Disabled Reentry Population The District of Columbia Frequent Users Service Enhancement Pilot Program
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Horvath, Aaron. District of Columbia. Executive Office of the Mayor. Justice Grants Administration (Washington, DC); Foundation to Promote Open Society (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This report provides a look at the D.C. Frequent Users Service Enhancement (FUSE) Pilot Project. FUSE assists high-risk and high-need mentally ill offenders that are “frequent users”, individuals who have extensive histories of cycling between homelessness, the Department of Mental Health, and the Department of Corrections. Six sections follow and executive summary: history and development of FUSE; characteristics of the Frequent User population in D.C.; performance of the Frequent User pilot; p... Read More
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78 pages
2011
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Community Supervision Workload Considerations for Public Safety
By DeMichele, Matthew T.; Payne, Brian K.; Matz, Adam K.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
Two tools are described that will help the community corrections field become more efficient—a time study template and a workload matrix. “These tools, hopefully, will move the filed past the debate between caseload size and workload” (p. 2). This publication is divided into six parts: the misunderstood community corrections filed—more than evidence-based practices; framing the debate of workload versus caseload issues—the benefits of a time study template and a workload matrix for agencies, the... Read More
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88 pages
2011
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Promising Practices in Providing Pretrial Services Functions Within Probation Agencies: A Users Guide
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
Guidance is provided for jurisdictions looking to incorporate a pretrial services function within a probation department. This combination will serve to “retain or implement evidence-based practices in a way that provides the most efficient use of criminal justice resources without sacrificing public safety” (p. 7). Sections of this publication are: introduction; advantages of providing pretrial services functions in a probation department—taking advantage of existing infrastructure and relatio... Read More
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36 pages
2011
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A Case Study on the Practice of Pretrial Services and Risk Assessment in Three Cities
By Kim, KiDeukDenver, Megan. District of Columbia. Executive Office of the Mayor. Justice Grants Administration (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). District of Columbia Crime Policy Insitute (DCPI) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
The practices and operations of three pretrial service programs along with their use of risk assessments are examined. Sections of this report include: the Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia; the context of pretrial services; current practice in pretrial services in the District of Columbia, New York City, and Baltimore; and comparing the jurisdictions summarized. “The comparison across jurisdictions is revealing. It makes apparent that risk assessment practices cannot be sepa... Read More
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25 pages
2011
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Police & Law Enforcement Short-Term Holding Facilities & the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003: Information and Assistance for Law Enforcement & Chiefs of Police
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Innovative Public Policies (Naples, FL).
Agencies that operate short-term arrestee holding areas or lock-ups need to know about the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). “PREA is applicable to lock-ups and short-term holding facilities operated by law enforcement agencies, regardless if arrestees stay an hour, or three days” (p.1). This webpage covers: what PREA is; how PREA impacts you; FAQs (frequently asked questions); PREA definitions; what should be done now; training guides (instructor guides, participant manuals, and PowerPoint sl... Read More
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6 pages
2011
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Tribal Youth in the Federal Justice System: Final Report (Revised)
By Adams, William; Samuels, Julie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This report looks at issues related to American Indian youth in the federal justice system. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—overview of the federal justice system, federal jurisdiction involving juveniles, and understanding criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country; exploring current practice—arrest and investigation, prosecution, adjudication and disposition, detention (pre- and post-adjudication), pretrial and post-conviction supervision, and innovative strategies from ... Read More
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204 pages
2011
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Commonwealth of Virginia: Roadmap for Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections
By Pierce-Danford, Kristy; Guevara, Meghan. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Community Resources for Justice. Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
“The Roadmap is a guide for the sustainable implementation and replication of evidence-based practices in pretrial and local probation agencies across the state ... [it] offers valuable insights into lessons learned during implementation and provides proven strategies for addressing challenges to sustainable change” (p. 1). Chapters following an introduction explaining how to use the Roadmap are: Virginia’s application of the Integrated Model; assessing the organization; strategic planning and w... Read More
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141 pages
2011
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Employing Your Mission: Building Cultural Competence in Reentry Service Agencies Through the Hiring of Individuals Who Are Formerly Incarcerated and/or in Recovery
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Fortune Society (Long Island City, NY); City University of New York. John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (New York, NY); Columbia University. Teachers College. International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution (ICCCR) (New York, NY).
This publication will be useful to those individuals wanting to make their reentry services more effective. The building of cultural competence “within reentry services by hiring formerly incarcerated men and women to reflect the experiences and realities of the reentry population and provide services more effectively” is explained (p. 1). Cultural competence is a set of practices that work to make an organization more successful in cross-cultural conditions. Four sections in addition to a summa... Read More
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32 pages
2011
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In Our Backyard: Overcoming Community Resistance To Reentry Housing (A NIMBY Toolkit)
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Fortune Society (Long Island City, NY); City University of New York. John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (New York, NY); Columbia University. Teachers College. International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution (ICCCR) (New York, NY).
The development of a housing project in West Harlem for formerly incarcerated people is described. Organizations trying to find ways to house recently released inmates in the community should read this publication. Sections of this toolkit in addition to a summary include: the reentry crisis; a case study of the Fortune Academy project; what the Fortune Academy story tells us; and best practices for gaining community support—applying lessons learned to your organization.... Read More
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20 pages
2011
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Recidivism Reduction, Substance Use and Co-Occurring Disorders: What Does Evidence and Practice Tell Us
By Peters, Roger H.; Osher, Fred. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
The best practices for the effective treatment of offenders with co-occurring disorders (mental illness and substance abuse problems) are discussed. Anyone having to work with these individuals should watch this webinar. Topics this program covers include: evidence based practices overview; fidelity; screening and assessment for co-occurring disorders (CODs); assessment instruments for CODs; cognitive-behavioral interventions; reentry planning for CODs; community supervision and CODs; table of e... Read More
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2011
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Identifying Core Competencies and Required Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) for Jail Leaders: Methods and Outcomes
By Stinchcomb, Jeanne B.; Smith, Cindy J.; McCampbell, Susan W.; Mancini, Christina. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Jail Succession Planning and Leadership Development Project; Center for Innovative Public Policies, Inc. (Naples, FL).
The process by which it was determined what knowledge, skills, and abilities jail leaders should have in order to be successful at their jobs is explained. Those 22 identified competencies are described in detail. Sections of this report include: introduction; overview of the literature review; Advisory Committee deliberations; subsequent refinements; focus group sessions at national conferences; drilling-down to the KSAs; methods; outcomes for the core competencies and related charts; and summa... Read More
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59 pages
2011
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Facilitating Medicaid Enrollment for People with Serious Mental Illnesses Leaving Jail or Prison: Key Questions for Policymakers Committed to Improving Health and Policy Safety
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The access to Medicaid and Supplemental Security Income/Social Security Disability Insurance (SSI/SSDI) that justice-involved people with serious mental illness (SMI) should have is an area of frequent confusion. Answers to questions which “can help policymakers facilitate or strengthen effective collaboration among corrections, health, and mental health agencies to identify and enroll eligible individuals with SMI in these programs” are provided (p. 1). Reasons for why policymakers should care ... Read More
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6 pages
2011
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An Examination of Admissions, Exits and End-of-the-Year Populations of Adult Female Inmates in the Illinois Department of Corrections, State Fiscal Years 1989 – 2011
By Olson, David E.; Escobar, Gipsy; Stalans, Loretta. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL); Loyola University Chicago. Dept. of Criminal Justice and Criminology (Chicago, IL).
Trends seen over a 23 year period for Illinois’ female inmate population are described. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; total admission, exits, and end of the year population of females; distinguishing between court admission and technical violation of MSR (mandatory supervised release) admissions; female court admissions by felony class and crime type; characteristics of female prison admissions; differences between admissions and end-of-the-year populations; reci... Read More
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33 pages
2011
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Frequently Asked Questions: Health, Mental Health, & Substance Use Disorders
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center. Committee on Health, Mental Health, and Substance Use Disorders (New York, NY).
Questions related to recently released inmates’ health services, mental health care, mental illness, and co-occurring disorders are answered. Some of the topics covered include: health risks faced by these offenders; difference between screening and assessment; continuity of care; and federal benefits available to justice-involved individuals.... Read More
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15 pages
2011
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Frequently Asked Questions: Implications of the Federal Health Legislation on Justice-Involved Populations
By DiPietro, Barbara. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) on justice-involved individuals is explained. This publication “address[es] how the health reform legislation expands these adults’ eligibility for Medicaid and what services will be made available, the requirements and exemptions specified by the legislation, and how enrollment will take place” (p. 1). Answers range from what the common barriers to receiving health insurance for this population are to how corrections officials... Read More
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9 pages
2011
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Webinar: Evidence-Based Practices of Community Supervision: Part 2, What Works in Parole and the Prisoner Reentry Process
By Bartruff, Jerry; Lowe, Nathan; Rogers, Shawn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this webinar is to educate community corrections professionals on evidence-based practices (EBPs) of parole supervision, particularly with respect to the reentry of parolees leaving prison.” Participants will be able to: understand the core elements of EBPs and parole supervision; discuss the pros and cons of EBPs implementation; recognize leadership qualities that are conducive to using a successful evidence-based approach; and identify at least two practices that they could implem... Read More
VIDEO
1 video file (103 minutes) + 45 pages
2011
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Webinar: Evidence-Based Practices of Community Supervision: Part I, A Focus on Current Issues and Trends in Probation
By Rogers, Shawn; Corso, Deena; Lowe, Nathan; Nagy, Geraldine. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this webinar is to educate community corrections professionals in both adult and juvenile sectors on the current trends of evidence-based practices (EBPs) of probation supervision.” Participants will be able to: understand the core elements of EBPs and probation supervision; discuss the pros and cons of EBPs implementation; recognize leadership qualities that are conducive to using a successful evidence-based approach; and identify at least two practices that they could implement to... Read More
VIDEO
1 video file (130 minutes) + 41 pages
2011
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Exploring the Role of Responsivity and Assessment with Hispanic and American Indian Offenders
By Kane, Michael; Bechtel, Kristin; Revicki, Jesse; McLaughlin, Erin; McCall, Janice. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Community Resources for Justice (CRJ). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
“This report presents findings from an exploration of cultural responsivity in risk and needs assessment in community corrections agencies. As risk and needs assessment becomes more popular in community corrections, more researchers have begun to study issues involving the specific characteristics of offenders and how they interact with assessment and programming to impact outcomes, a concept commonly known as responsivity. In particular, two cultural groups were selected for study: Hispanics an... Read More
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113 pages
2011
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Painting the Current Picture: A National Report Card on Drug Courts and Other Problem Solving Court Programs in the United States
By Huddleston, C. West, III; Marlowe, Douglas B.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); U.S. Executive Office of the President. Office of National Drug Control Policy (Washington, DC). National Drug Court Institute (Alexandria, VA).
Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Courts and other Problem Solving Courts are summarized. Sections of this report are: introduction; drug courts—justice done right; what a drug court is; the verdict is in, drug courts work—a review of the scientific literature; 10 key components; survey results—number of drug courts in operation, state-specific growth, dispositional models and which is preferable, drug court capacity, national drug court population, primary substances of abuse among... Read More
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68 p.
2011
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State of the Science of Pretrial Release Recommendations and Supervision
By VanNostrand, Marie; Rose, Kenneth J.; Weibrecht, Kimberly. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (Washington, DC).
Anyone needing to know what legal issues impact pretrial release or what supervision strategies will lead to more effective pretrial release practices should read this report. Sections of this document include: introduction; pretrial legal questions—“blanket” pretrial release condition, drug testing release condition, treatment and assessment release condition, Alcoholics Anonymous/12-Step meetings release condition, pretrial supervision fees, and delegation of judicial authority; national pretr... Read More
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44 pages
2011
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Why Ask About Family: A Guide for Corrections
By diZerega, Margaret. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice. Family Justice Program (New York, NY).
“By looking beyond the individual to families and social supports, corrections officers can help improve public safety and other outcomes” (p. 1). Sections of this guide discuss: what a strength-based, family-focused approach is; changing the conversation and asking key questions to provide a clearer picture of needed services; thinking about people in context; tapping social networks; frequently asked questions; and from intake to release—using a strength-based, family-focused approach.... Read More
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8 pages
2011
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The Elected Official’s Toolkit for Jail Reentry
By Jannetta, Jesse; Dodd, Hannah; Elderbroom, Brian. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
Those individuals involved in creating a jail reentry program will find this publication very useful. Information about various issues related to jail reentry is provided on single topic handouts. These handouts are divided into two sections--fact sheets regarding jail reentry and its key components and tools and resources for implementing or expanding a jail reentry initiative. Topics covered are: jail reentry overview; jails and the jail population; the jail-to-community continuum; stakeholder... Read More
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34 pages
2011
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Cost-Benefit Knowledge Bank for Criminal Justice (CBKB)
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice. Cost-Benefit Analysis Unit (New York, NY).
“The Cost-Benefit Knowledge Bank for Criminal Justice (CBKB) aims to broaden and deepen the understanding and use of cost-benefit analysis in criminal justice... [and to] help practitioners and jurisdictions build their capacity to conduct cost-benefit studies and apply cost-benefit analysis to policymaking.” Access points on this website include: Webinar on Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) and Justice Policy for State Legislators; a step-by-step guide to CBA; Estimating Marginal Costs webinar; webin... Read More
WEB
2011
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State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
“This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
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42 pages
2011
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Frequently Asked Questions: Implications of the Federal Health Legislation in Justice-Involve Populations
By DiPietro, Barbara. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The ability of individuals involved with the criminal justice system to get public health insurance and services is examined. The discussion centers on the impact of “health care reform,” the combination of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act, on access. Questions and their answers are organized according to health needs and common barriers, eligibility and services, individual requirements and exemptions, enrollment, and mo... Read More
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9 pages
2011
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Reentry Courts: Looking Ahead: A Conversation about Strategies for Offender Reintegration
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Anyone interested in reentry courts will find this report’s insights informative. Topics discussed include current research, key program elements, eligibility requirements, managing the transition from prison to reentry court, evidence-based practices, adapting the drug court model, developing support for reentry initiatives, statewide coordination of reentry courts, overcoming institutional divisions, funding, and composition of the reentry court team.... Read More
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18 pages
2011
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Desktop Guide for Tribal Probation Personnel: The Screening and Assessment Process
By Cobb, Kimberly A.; Mowatt, Mary Ann; Matz, Adam; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
"This guide is intended to provide tribal probation personnel with information on how the screening and assessment process can facilitate and promote offender accountability and long-term behavior change" (p. 2). Sections comprising this publication are: community corrections in context; the screening and assessment process; benefits of screening and assessment tools; choosing a tool; challenges to using assessment instruments; using screening and assessment results; and conclusion. Appendixes d... Read More
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80 pages
2011
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A Ten-Step Guide to Transforming Probation Departments to Reduce Recidivism
By Fabelo, Tony; Nagy, Geraldine; Prins, Seth. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); Texas Dept. of Criminal Justice. Community Justice Assistance Division (Austin, TX); Travis County Community Supervision and Corrections Dept. (Austin, TX). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
This guide will “help probation officials refocus the agency toward reducing crime and re-offense rates among probationers … [and] provide an action plan for realizing the practices of recidivism reduction” (p. viii). Action is taken over three phases--setting the agenda for change, redesigning department policies and practices, and implementing procedures to ensure quality and monitor progress. The ten steps are: engage and inform key stockholders; review and evaluate current departmental polic... Read More
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72 pages
2011
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Jail Leadership and Succession Planning Resource Center
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Jail Leadership and Succession Planning Resource Center.
“The goal of the project is to produce ‘user-friendly products which will not only increase knowledge, but give agencies data and tools so they can develop their individual plans to transition mid-managers to leadership. State-of-the-art technology, participation of subject matter experts [and] involvement of national partners’ has been mobilized to ensure the goal of the project is accomplished.” Points of access on this website include: jail leadership; jail mentoring; core competencies; reso... Read More
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2011
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How to Connect with Your Children and Family After Release
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Connections Project (Germantown, MD); National Fatherhood Initiative (Germantown, MD).
Advice for offenders trying to reconnect with their families and stay out of jail or prison is given. Sections of this brochure are: prepare—build a strong base; partner--work with mom; and prevent—reach out to stay out.... Read More
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5 pages
2011
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Engaging Fathers for Successful Reentry: Research , Tips, Best Practices
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Ntaional Fatherhood Initiative (Germantown, MD).
A selection of fact sheets “connect the dots between eight of the most significant reentry challenges and the need to engage incarcerated and reentering fathers in becoming better dads” (p. 3). This report covers housing, employment, marriage and relationships, substance abuse, mentoring and community support, child support, involving moms, and domestic violence.... Read More
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24 pages
2011
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Drug Court Treatment Services: Applying Research Findings to Practice
By Cooper, Caroline; Manley, Stephen V.; Peters, Roger H.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). American University. School of Public Affairs. National Center for State Courts (Washington, DC).
Presentation slides from a Webinar about the effectiveness of drug courts can be accessed at this website. This is a great primer to issues related to the success of drug courts to address participants’ drug abuse. Topics covered include: hierarchy of scientific evidence; drug court and treatment outcomes; components of effective drug court treatment; evidence-based practices—their impact on treatment; and what is known and not known about drug court treatment—next steps for research.... Read More
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51 pages
2010
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Family Engagement in Reentry for Justice-Involved Youth
By Bilchik, Shay; Shanahan, Ryan; Rosalez, Rosalinda; Larson, Krista. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
Overheads for four presentations regarding the need for families to be involved in the reentry process for released youth are contained in this document. The presentations include: the Family Justice Program (overview)—defining family broadly, strength-based approach, impact of family and other social support on reentry outcomes, youth voices, juvenile corrections staff survey, probation and correctional leaders survey, and youth genograms; a family-focused approach to juvenile corrections—Calif... Read More
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48 pages
2010
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Law Enforcement Leader’s Guide on Combat Veterans: A Transition Guide for Veterans Beginning or Continuing Careers in Law Enforcement
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). International Association of Chiefs of Police (Alexandria, VA); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
This guide will provide agencies with strategies for successfully integrating veterans into their organizations. Sections of this publication include: introduction; understanding today’s military; veteran officer reintegration guidance—issues common to both returning veteran officers and veteran recruits; employing veteran recruits; action agenda; training curriculum; and resources.... Read More
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36 pages
2010
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The National Summit on Justice Reinvestment and Public Safety: Addressing Recidivism, Crime, and Corrections Spending
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Council of States Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
Materials from a national summit regarding “data-driven, fiscally responsible policies and practices that can increase public safety and reduce recidivism and spending on corrections” are available at this website. Points of entry include: overview and Summit report; multimedia; media coverage; and hearing testimony. Individuals tasked with reducing correctional spending should look at this resource.... Read More
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2 pages
2010
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Guidelines to Gang Reentry
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Parole and Probation Association (Lexington, KY); Association of State Correctional Administrators (Hagerstown, MD); Institute for Intergovernmental Research (IIR) (Tallahassee, FL).
This guide provides suggestions “to assist gang-involved individuals returning to the community from confinement … [and] for planning interventions for gang-involved defendants/offenders, along with helpful hints for facilitating effective and efficient reentry.” Sections following the “Literature Review: Reentry and Gang-Affiliated Offenders” by James Howell are: institutional phase of reentry from intake to release; structured reentry phase—transitional work done by both the institution and co... Read More
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1 CD
2010
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Improving the Administration of Justice in Tribal Communities through Information Sharing and Resource Sharing
By Cobb, Kimberly; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
The challenges faced by tribal, state, and federal justice systems in sharing information and resources and strategies for successfully linking these resources together so that pretrial, probation, and parole officers can be effective in the performance of their jobs are discussed. Sections comprising this report include: background—tribal justice challenges; logistics; definitions; information sharing—what information needs to be shared, advantages to sharing information, obstacles and barriers... Read More
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19 pages
2010
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Juvenile Justice System: Get the Facts: Pre-Trial
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
An overview of the pre-trial process for juveniles is provided. This brochure covers: what can happen to a juvenile awaiting trial; what diversion opportunities are available; what juvenile intake screening is; some detention alternatives; how pre-trial detention decisions are made; transferring a juvenile to an adult criminal court; what a presumptive transfer is; and what a discretionary transfer is.... Read More
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2 p.
2010
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Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: Tailoring Law Enforcement Initiatives to Individual Jurisdictions
By Reuland, Melissa; Draper, Laura; Norton, Blake. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY); Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) (Washington, DC).
While this guide is written for police departments, sheriff’s offices should find it helpful for developing approaches to interacting with mentally ill people. The step-by-step program design process incorporates seven actions. Additionally, program designs in action are covered showing responses to specific problems and also jurisdictional characteristics.... Read More
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51 p.
2010
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Victimization and Help-Seeking Behaviors among Female Prisoners in Illinois
By Reichert, Jessica; Adams, Sharyn; Bostwick, Lindsay. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
People who work with female offenders need to read this report. It provides a glimpse into an area of a woman prisoner’s life that is not often talked about and which can impact how she relates to those around her and inmate management practices. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; literature review; methodology; findings according to study sample characteristics, criminal history, substance use, lifetime victimization, emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, me... Read More
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64 p.
2010
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Juvenile Reentry in Concept and Practice
By Altschuler, David M.; Bilchik, Shay. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY).
"Continuity of care, overarching case management, appropriate staffing, and cognitive-behavioral intervention are increasingly being recognized as foundational, evidence-based building blocks in the design and operation of juvenile reentry. [This presentation] will address these key components of juvenile reentry and will include discussion of assessing and classifying reoffending risk, needs, and strengths; balancing social control and services; blending sanctions and incentives into a graduate... Read More
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32 p.
2010
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History of Street Gangs in the United States
By Howell, James C.; Moore, John P.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Gang Center (Tallahassee, FL).
This bulletin should be the first stop for anyone interested in gangs and their history. Topics discussed include: the influence of population migration patterns on gang emergence; street gang emergence in the Northeast; gangs in New York City; modern-day Eastern gangs; street gangs in Chicago; modern-day Midwest gangs; gang names and alliances; gang growth in the West; Los Angeles’ gangs; modern-day gangs in the West; gang emergence in the South; immigrant group waves; “transnational” gangs; 18... Read More
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25 p.
2010
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Reentry Housing Options: The Policymakers' Guide
By Cortes, Katherine; Rogers, Shawn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
This guide is for those people wanting to reduce the recidivism of offenders returning to the community by offering plenty of affordable housing. Sections of this report include: introduction; the unmet demand for affordable housing; reentry housing options charts; three approaches to increasing housing capacity for the reentry population; housing terms; laying the groundwork for increasing reentry housing capacity; greater access; increased housing stock; revitalized neighborhoods; and conclusi... Read More
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29 p.
2010
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Building Safer Communities: Improving Police Response to Persons with Mental Illness: Recommendations from the IACP National Policy Summit
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). International Association of Chiefs of Police (Alexandria, VA).
This report identifies ”promising approaches [that] offer safer, more compassionate and often cost-effective ways for police and their community partners to respond to adults and juveniles with mental illness” (p.2). Sections following an executive summary are: Summit background and goals; issues and opportunities—people with mental illness involved in the justice system, causes of the overrepresentation of this population, and promising directions; Summit recommendations for improving quality a... Read More
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32 p.
2010
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Volunteer Programs: Enhancing Public Safety by Leveraging Resources: A Resource Guide for Law Enforcement Agencies
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Volunteers in Police Service.
This publication is “a resource guide for chiefs of police, sheriffs, and other executives of state and local law enforcement agencies interested in establishing or enhancing volunteer programs within their agencies” (p.iii). Two parts follow an executive summary: establishing or enhancing a volunteer program—introduction, the current state of volunteerism, building program infrastructure, recruitment, selection and management, training, recognition, assessment, and organizations and resources; ... Read More
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84 p.
2010
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Partnering with Jails to Improve Reentry: A Guidebook for Community-Based Organizations
By Crayton, Anna; Ressler, Liz; Mukamal, Debbie A.; Jannetta, Jesse; Warwick, Kevin. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
Anyone looking to create a partnership between a community-based organization (CBO) and a jail reentry program will find this publication very helpful. This guidebook is divided into these sections: introduction; understanding the big picture, incarceration and jail reentry; developing and sustaining a partnership with the local jail; working with the jail population and in the jail environment; examples of strong partnerships between CBOs and jails; resources for the field; and conclusion. Appe... Read More
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64 pages
2010
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Information Sharing in Criminal Justice-Mental Health Collaborations: Working with HIPAA and Other Privacy Laws
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The sharing of information between criminal justice and mental health is discussed. This guide is divided into two parts: practitioner analysis—behavioral health care, law enforcement, courts, jails and prisons, community corrections (probation and parole), business associates and qualified service organizations, and individual right of access to own records; and working with privacy laws—privacy law penalties and information-sharing tools.... Read More
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31 pages
2010
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Kentucky Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument Validation
By Austin, James; Ocker, Roger; Bhati, Avi. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). JFA Institute (Washington, DC).
The validity of the Kentucky Pretrial Service Agency (KPSA) risk assessment instrument is determined. Other pretrial agencies can compare their risk assessment instruments to this evaluation to see where they stand. Sections of this report are: introduction; research methods; use of special conditions; and improvement of the current tool. Based on conflicts in the prior instrument, a modified tool resulted from this study.... Read More
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16 pages
2010
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Victimization among Female Prisoners in Illinois
By Reichert, Jessica; Bostwick, Lindsay. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (ICJIA) (Chicago, IL).
The need for correctional agencies to provide assistance to traumatized female offenders is explained. This information is important for those who work with female offenders to realize. Sections of this report include: key findings; introduction; literature review; methodology; findings are organized according to women offenders being bothered by PTSD symptoms, potential PTSD diagnosis, abuse type, abuse severity, crime, and help seeking and PTSD indicator scores; and conclusion. Eighty-three pe... Read More
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23 pages
2010
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Daring to Fail: First-Person Stories of Criminal Justice Reform
By Fox, Aubrey, editor; Gold, Emily, editor. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
The views of 36 individuals, a virtual who’s who of current criminal justice leaders, regarding failure and the implementation of innovative evidence-based practices are presented. “While each interview is unique – questions were tailored to each individual’s experience – in general the interviewees were asked to reflect candidly on challenges from their own professional career and lessons they have learned along the way” (p. 5-6).... Read More
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93 pages
2010
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Research-Based Smarter Sentencing: Training for Prosecutors, Public Defenders, Judges, and Community Corrections Professionals--Participant Notebook [Participant Notebook]
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Management Institute (Denver, CO); Carey Group (White Bear Lake, MN).
There is a 'rapidly growing body of research, known as Research-Based Practices, which demonstrates that the goals of changing offender behavior and reducing recidivism can be achieved more effectively and at lesser cost in community corrections compared to jail and prison. Indeed, the same research demonstrates that incarceration may make the incidence of reoffense worse rather than better ' This course is designed to work with the primary stakeholders in the criminal justice system'prosecutors... Read More
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110 pages
2010
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Statewide Coordination of Problem-Solving Courts: A Snapshot of Five States
By Dominique, Elvita. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation.
The most common issues facing the statewide coordination of problem-solving courts (i.e., drug courts, mental health courts, domestic violence courts, community, courts, and others) in the states of California, Idaho, Indiana, Maryland, and New York are discussed. Lessons learned from these states can be applied to similar initiatives in other states. The major goals for statewide coordination involve quality assurance, training, funding, research and evaluation, technology, and advocacy. These ... Read More
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10 pages
2010
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Tribal Probation: An Overview for Tribal Court Judges
By Cobb, Kimberly .; Mullins, Tracey G.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
More effective ways of addressing the misdemeanor offenses of tribal members is needed since incarceration does not play a great part in many tribal cultures. “This article is designed to provide tribal court judges with a general understanding of community supervision and how it can benefit tribal justice systems, as well as provide some insight into the role of community supervision officers” (p. 4). Topics discussed include: what community supervision is; benefits to the tribal justice system... Read More
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12 pages
2008
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Implementing the Family Support Approach for Community Supervision
By Mullins, Tracy G.; Toner, Christine. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY); Family Justice (New York, NY).
Implementation of the Family Support Approach for Community Supervision is explained. This publication includes the following sections: introduction and overview; guiding principles for putting this system into practice; tools and techniques for putting this approach into practice; practical application of guiding principles; administrative support; and "The Oklahoma Family Justice Project: Improving Community Supervision Outcomes One Family at a Time" by Justin Jones and Carol Shapiro.... Read More
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71 p.
2007
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Increasing Public Safety Through Successful Offender Reentry: Evidence-Based and Emerging Practices in Corrections
By Carter, Madeline M., ed.; Gibel, Susan, ed.; Giguere, Rachelle, ed.; Stroker, Richard, ed.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
The implementation of an effective offender reentry framework is explained. Sections contained in this manual include: introduction; offender reentry from a national perspective; framework for offender reentry; leadership and organizational change; a rational planning process for a learning organization; the essential role of collaboration; key strategies in effective offender management; women offenders; and conclusion. Also provided is a copy of the Offender Reentry Policy and Practice Invent... Read More
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198 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Best Practices -- In-Custody Programs for Juveniles and Adults
By Trotti, Trudie. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
Seventeen best practice in-custody programs (the "placement in residential program that restrict offender access to the community") are described (p. 7). Programs highlighted are: Aggression Replacement Training; B-Cultural Substance Abuse Curriculum; Cognitive Skills Training; Correctional Services of Canada's Aboriginal Sex Offender Program; Family Connections Project; Literacy Programs in Canadian prisons; Mettanokit Prison Program; Native Clan Organizational Correctional Programs; Okimaw Oh... Read More
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46 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Design Review
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
"[E]specially useful during schematic design, "this pamphlet offers assistance through the often challenging design review process (p. 7). Sections of this booklet are: how to use this project guide; Tribal involvement from project initiation through occupancy; who is involved in design review?; reading architect's drawings; saving time and money; Jail Design Review Checklist; and getting it right.... Read More
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18 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Existing Facility Evaluations
By Fuller, Cheryl. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The process of evaluating an existing facility is explained. This guide is comprised of the following sections: overview; when to evaluate an existing facility; who should participate in the evaluation; how to conduct a facility evaluation; Evaluation Checklist; and decisions that follow the evaluation.... Read More
PDF
26 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Objective Classification Analysis
By Rubin, Ira. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The use of an objective classification system (OCS) is described. This guide explains: classification analysis in general; designing a classification system; benefits of implementing a classification system; potential drawbacks of objective classification; some additional considerations; identifying individuals with substance abuse/dependence issues; and balancing objectivity and practicality.... Read More
PDF
17 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Population Profiles, Population Projections and Bed Needs Projections
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
Three parts of a Needs Assessment, which "is conducted to determine, verify, and/or quantify the need for greater capacity, a different type of facility, a new facility or expansion and renovation of an existing facility," are explained (p. 2). Sections contained in this guide are: overview; population profiles; population projections; and bed needs projections.... Read More
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14 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Selecting an Architect -- Developing RFQs and RFPs
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ); Crabtree-Rohrbaugh and Associates (Mechanicsburg, PA).
The process involved in developing and announcing a Request for Proposals (RFP) or Request for Qualifications (RFQ) is summarized. Sections comprising this guide include: overview; RFQ versus RFP; architect selection committee; determination of Tribe's needs and goals; development of project scope of work or RFP's; compiling a listing of architects; writing the RFP; a typical RFQ/RFP; customizing an RFP/RFQ; development of a rating system; finalizing the RFQ/RFP; publishing the RFP/RFQ; receivi... Read More
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22 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Site Selection
By DeFrancis, Paul. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The process of site selection is explained. Topics discussed in this guide are: identifying potential sites in general; selecting the team to find the site; developing site evaluation criteria; developing the site checklist; evaluating sites; and selecting the site. Also included is a sample site criteria and evaluation checklist.... Read More
PDF
13 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Tribal Justice System Assessment
By Martin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) Demarest, NJ).
"[D]irection to tribal jurisdictions interested in conducting a justice system assessment for the purposes of addressing systemic issues raised in the development of detention and correctional facilities" is provided (p. 7). This guide is comprised of the following sections: introduction; what a justice assessment is; impact of the justice system assessment on detention and corrections bed space needs; approach to conducting a system assessment; steps in the assessment process; unique character... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Adult Correctional Facility Design Resources
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
This document contains brief descriptions of 21 references pertaining to the planning and designing of adult correctional and detention facilities.... Read More
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13 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Alternatives to Incarceration of Offenders
By Martin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The use of Alternative Programs ("a broad and varied array of alternatives to detention and incarceration") in Indian Country is explained (p. 7). Sections of this guide include: introduction; practical issues related to alternatives sanctions; effective justice system planning; key decision-making points in case processing; case management; and descriptions of alternative programs and strategies.... Read More
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22 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Assessment of Project Status & Technical Assistance Needs
By DeFrancis, Paul. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
A checklist for assessing the Tribe's progress through the facility development process is provided. Activities tracked include team development, planning, programming, site selection, environmental review; consultant selection, design, construction, transition planning and facility activation, and project contact persons.... Read More
PDF
18 p.
2005
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Project Guide: Juvenile Facility Design
By McMillen, Michael. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
"[I]nformation on operational and design issues that significantly influence the quality of residential services to youthful populations" is provided. Topics discussed include: analysis of need; safety, security, and management priorities; environmental character; daily programming activities and opportunities; planning and design process; and helpful hints.... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2005
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Project Guide: The NEPA Land Use Process for Proposed Development of Correctional Facilities in Indian Country
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ); Langan Engineering and Environmental Services, Inc. (Elmwood Park, NY).
Compliance issues proposed correctional facilities in Indian Country face with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 are explained. The NEPA Environmental Assessment (EA) process requires: initiation of the NEPA analysis; development of an EA; the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI); Environmental Impact Statement (EIS); Record of Decision (ROD); and implementing the decision.... Read More
PDF
17 p.
1991
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Intervening with Substance-Abusing Offenders: A Framework for Action: Executive Summary
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Task Force on Correctional Substance Abuse Strategies (N.P.); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
A brief discussion is provided of the six major goals suggested by the National Task Force on Correctional Substance Abuse Strategies for substance abuse programming.... Read More
PDF
30 p.
1991
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Intervening with Substance-Abusing Offenders: A Framework for Action
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Task Force on Correctional Substance Abuse Strategies (N.P.); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Effective, documented strategies for controlling contraband in institutions, monitoring substance abuse behavior, and therapeutic or educational intervention do exist. This document discusses six major goals for substance abuse programming. They include: assessment, programming, linkages, human resources, environment, and accountability. Strategy briefs are provided for various programs that have been implemented to deal with substance abuse among criminal offenders. These programs include: Co... Read More
PDF
159 p.
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