U.S. Department of Justice

Browsing Documents Related to 'Drug Courts'

Show Only NIC Documents

You might also try...

  • Offender Drug Testing
  • Drug Treatment
  • Institutional Drug Programs
  • Drug Abuse
  • Drug Addict
  • Drug Control Laws
  • Drug Testing
  • Employee Drug Testing

Topic Results by Date


Date Title Type
2015
Document 029939
Juvenile Drug Courts: A Process, Outcome, and Impact Evaluation
By Blair, Lesli; Sullivan, Carrie; Latessa, Edward; Sullivan, Christopher J.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"As an alternative to traditional juvenile courts, juvenile drug courts attempt to provide substance abuse treatment, sanctions, and incentives to rehabilitate nonviolent drug-involved youth, empower families to support them in this process, and prevent recidivism. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) sponsored a multisite study of juvenile drug courts to examine the ability of these courts to reduce recidivism and improve youth’s social functioning, and to determine... Read More

12 pages
2015
Document 029986
What Are Drug Courts? The Most Effective Justice Strategy Addressing the Drug-Addicted and Mentally Ill …
National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) (Alexandria, VA).
This website provides information about drug courts. Sections cover: how drug courts work; who is eligible; what drug courts do what drug courts need; types of drug courts with definitions for adult drug court, veterans treatment court, DWI court, family dependency treatment court (family drug court), federal district drug court (federal reentry court), juvenile drug court, reentry court, reentry drug court, and tribal healing to wellness court; problem solving courts using the drug court model ... Read More

2015
Document 031460
CCCN LIVE National Forum Discussion [Webinar]
By Nunes, Phil; Qazilbash, Ruby; Marlowe, Doug; Rosenberg, Steve; McDonnell, Maureen; Jenkins, Mack; Green, Katie; Burke, Susan; Crawford, Greg. Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Objectives: highlight federal resources available to community corrections and criminal justice agencies; define service needs of justice-involved individuals; showcase a local example of collaboration and resources utilization—San Diego County Probation; and engage the criminal justice system in a live discussion about the resources available, how to access funding, receive technical assistance, and to motivate our leaders to want to do more.... Read More

91 minutes
2015
Document 031402
Selecting and Using Risk and Need Assessment
By Serin, Ralph C.; Lowenkamp, Christopher T.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
"The purpose of this document is to provide Drug Court staff with a concise and current overview of important issues relating to offender risk assessment and to provide a list of recommended contemporary risk instruments. Numerous risk scales are currently used in the United States … to assess static risk factors and criminogenic needs (dynamic risk factors that are related to the client’s propensity for criminal behavior), of which substance abuse is but one. Almost all of these are applied to... Read More

23 pages
2014
Document 029569
Engaging with the Affordable Care Act: Implications and Recommendations for Adult Drug Court Professionals
By Frescoln, Kirstin P.. National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) (Alexandria, VA).
"The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (hereafter ACA) will affect your adult Drug Court operations and participants whether you work in a state that elected to expand Medicaid and open a state-run health care marketplace under the ACA or are in one that has left Medicaid unchanged and elected to rely on the federal exchange … This bulletin outlines some of the key provisions of the ACA and provides guidance to state administrators and Drug Court team members about where to find informa... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2014
Document 029547
Most States Cut Imprisonment and Crime
Pew Charitable Trusts (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent infographic showing how reductions in incarceration lead to decreases in crime. "Over the past five years, the majority of states have reduced their imprisonment rates while experiencing less crime. The relationship between incarceration and crime is complex, but states continue to show that it is possible to reduce both at the same time." A bar chart shows the change in imprisonment rate compared to the change in crime rate over the period of 2008 through 2013 for all 50 st... Read More
_blank
2014
Document 028317
Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways to Solve America's Correctional Challenges
By Ziedenberg, Jason. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC); NIC-TA#13C5022. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC).
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN)—a network representing community corrections professionals—commissioned a position paper to explore the successes and challenges facing the community corrections field. The position paper, "Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways To Solve America’s Correctional Challenges", finds that community corrections is a critical part of the public safety system that supervises individua... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2014
Document 028234
Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Guide for Drug Courts and Other Criminal Justice Programs
By Downey, P. Mitchell; Roman, John K.. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
"As resource constraints have tightened, the role of researchers in informing evidence-based and cost-effective decisions about the use of funds, labor, materials and equipment — and even the skills of workers — has increased. We [the authors] believe research that can inform decisions about resource allocation will be a central focus of criminal justice research in the years to come, with cost-benefit analysis (CBA) among the key tools" (p. 3). This is required reading for those individuals tas... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2013
Document 027496
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Criminal Justice Reforms
By Roman, John. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
This article examines the major considerations to be taken when performing a cost-benefit analysis (CBA). This process is illustrated by showing how the costs and benefits are determined for the National Institute of Justice’s (NIJ’s) Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation. Sections discuss: the market for crime; cost-benefit analysis in criminology--alternative explanations, or counterfactuals, whose benefits count, and variable estimates; the MADCE; what the MADCE impact evaluation found; measu... Read More
WEB
7 pages
2013
Document 027932
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Adult Drug Courts
Iowa. Legislative Services Agency (LSA). Fiscal Services Division (Des Moines, IA).
“This Issue Review provides a summary of national and Iowa research on the effectiveness of Adult Drug Courts, an overview of these programs currently operating in Iowa, including a description of offenders served and funding mechanisms, an analysis of the costs and benefits of the Adult Drug Courts operated by Community-Based Corrections, and the estimated need for funding” (p. 1). Sections of this report cover: the current situation in Iowa—funding history, offenders and risk, admissions, clos... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
Document 027537
A Statewide Evaluation of New York’s Adult Drug Courts: Identifying Which Policies Work Best
By Cissner, Amanda B.; Rempel, Michael; Franklin, Allyson Walker; Roman, John K.; Bieler, Samuel; Cohen, Robyn; Cadoret, Carolyn R.. Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This study documented the positive impact of drug courts in New York on re-arrest and re-conviction both. If you are looking for ways to implement an effective drug court program or are looking to improve one you already have then you will find some helpful strategies to guide your efforts. This report contains eight chapter following an executive summary: introduction; research design and methodology; profile of drug court participant characteristics; profile of drug court policy characteristi... Read More
WEB
118 pages
2013
Document 027539
NIJ’s Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
This website provides access to materials related to the National Institute of Justice’s Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE). You should look at the information provided here If you are thinking of implementing or improving drug courts in your jurisdiction. Sections cover: description of the evaluation; research questions; data collection; and links to results from the evaluation (publications, dataset, and presentations). ... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027539
NIJ’s Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
This website provides access to materials related to the National Institute of Justice’s Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE). You should look at the information provided here If you are thinking of implementing or improving drug courts in your jurisdiction. Sections cover: description of the evaluation; research questions; data collection; and links to results from the evaluation (publications, dataset, and presentations). ... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027539
NIJ’s Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
This website provides access to materials related to the National Institute of Justice’s Multisite Adult Drug Court Evaluation (MADCE). You should look at the information provided here If you are thinking of implementing or improving drug courts in your jurisdiction. Sections cover: description of the evaluation; research questions; data collection; and links to results from the evaluation (publications, dataset, and presentations). ... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027260
Six Steps to Improve Your Drug Court Outcomes for Adults with Co-Occurring Disorders
By Steadman, Henry J.; Peters, Roger H.; Carpenter, Christine; Mueser, Kim T.; Jaeger, Norma D.; Gordon, Richard B.; Fisler, Carol; Goss, Stephen; Olson, Eric; Osher, Fred C.; Noether, Chanson D.; Hardin, Carolyn. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“One of the biggest challenges for drug courts is effectively working with participants with co-occurring disorders. By definition, persons with the dual diagnosis of both substance use disorders and mental illnesses have co-occurring disorders … every adult drug court can achieve positive outcomes for persons with co-occurring disorders—if the court is committed to doing so. With some creativity and thoughtful planning, most persons with co-occurring disorders can successfully participate in d... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
Document 027287
Final Report Outcome and Process Evaluation of Juvenile Drug Courts
By Latessa, Edward J.; Sullivan, Carrie; Blair, Lesli; Sullivan, Christopher; Smith, Paula. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. School of Criminal Justice. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
“This study adds to the existing juvenile drug court literature by providing a national multi-site outcome and process evaluation of nine juvenile drug courts from across the U.S. This study assesses the relative effect of each court, as well as their combined effectiveness in reaching the overall goal of reducing recidivism and improving youths' social functioning. It also identifies, where possible, the characteristics of youth and programs associated with successful outcomes” (p. 6). Five sec... Read More
PDF
421 pages
2013
Document 027405
Guidance to States: Recommendations for Developing Family Drug Court Guidelines
By Young, Nancy K.; Breitenbucher, Phil; Pfeifer, Jane E.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Children and Family Futures (Irvine, CA); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
This publication “provides guidance for implementing an FDC [Family Drug Court], including the development of FDC partnerships and a common vocabulary for describing FDC components, with a focus on improving services to families who are involved with the child welfare system and are affected by substance use disorders. The authors hope that this document will help jurisdictions select and improve practices and, ultimately, outcomes for children and families” (p. 2). The recommendations made are:... Read More
PDF
108 pages
2013
Document 027248
Promising Victim Related Practices in Probation and Parole Fact Sheet Series
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Council of State Governments (New York, NY).
Access to eight fact sheets “on topics related to crime victims and victims’ needs throughout the community corrections process” is provided. Topics covered are: The Role of Community Corrections in Victim Services; Collaboration and Partnership for Victim Services in Community Corrections; Family Violence; Restitution and Other Legal Financial Obligations; Seeking Victim Input; Victim Information and Notification; Victim/Offender Programs; and Workplace Violence.... Read More
_blank
2013
Document 027510
Testing the Cost Savings of Judicial Diversion: Final Report
By Waller, Mark S.; Carey, Shannon M.; Farley, Erin J.; Rempel, Michael. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). NPC Research (Portland, OR); Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“In April 2009, New York State passed Rockefeller Drug Law Reform. The law eliminated mandatory prison sentences for most felony drug offenders. In addition, through a procedure defined as judicial diversion, the law provided judges with discretion to link an expanded array of felony-level drug and property offenders to treatment, primarily through specialized drug courts” (p. 1). This study determined the impact of judicial diversion on drug treatment participation and related cost savings. Fou... Read More
_blank
84 pages
2012
Document 027633
Voice of the Victim: A Perspective Spotlight Issue
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Council of State Governments (CSG) (Lexington, KY).
This special issue of Perspectives is “is dedicated to promoting innovative programs, policies and protocols that improve crime victims’ rights and services in community corrections” (p. iii). Features of this issue cover: The Power of Information and Notification: A Victim/Survivor’s Perspective; Recommendations from the Public Hearing on Victim Issues in Probation and Parole: August 18, 2010; Crime Victims and Offender Reentry; Victim Services Provided Through The Allen County, Indiana Reentry... Read More
PDF
100 pages
2012
Document 027245
Request for Proposal No. 2012-0313: Alabama Department of Corrections Therapeutic Education Facility
Alabama Dept. of Corrections. Office of the Commissioner (Montgomery, AL).
“In response to the current problem in Alabama prisons resulting from an ever increasing prison population, recidivism, and relapse, the ADOC announces this RFP [Request for Proposal] to all eligible and interested parties for the opportunity to submit a proposal, in accordance with the requirements herein … to establish a Therapeutic Education Facility in the State of Alabama to provide intensive, residential substance abuse and cognitive behavioral programming, as well as educational services ... Read More
PDF
55 pages
2012
Document 027259
Behavior Modification 101 for Drug Courts: Making the Most of Incentives and Sanctions
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“Drug Courts improve outcomes for drug-abusing offenders by combining evidence-based substance abuse treatment with strict behavioral accountability. Participants are carefully monitored for substance use and related behaviors and receive escalating incentives for accomplishments and sanctions for infractions. The nearly unanimous perception of both participants and staff members is that the positive effects of Drug Courts are largely attributable to the application of these behavioral contingen... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027262
Alternative Tracks in Adult Drug Courts: Matching Your Program to the Needs of Your Clients: Part Two of a Two-Part Series
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“If a drug court has such compelling reasons to serve low-risk or low-need individuals, it should consider making substantive modifications to its program to accommodate the characteristics of its participants. This document describes a conceptual framework and evidence-based practice recommendations for designing alternative tracks within a drug court to serve different types of adult participants” (p. 1). Topics explained include: the risk and needs principles; risk and need matrix; high risk ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027262
Alternative Tracks in Adult Drug Courts: Matching Your Program to the Needs of Your Clients: Part Two of a Two-Part Series
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“If a drug court has such compelling reasons to serve low-risk or low-need individuals, it should consider making substantive modifications to its program to accommodate the characteristics of its participants. This document describes a conceptual framework and evidence-based practice recommendations for designing alternative tracks within a drug court to serve different types of adult participants” (p. 1). Topics explained include: the risk and needs principles; risk and need matrix; high risk ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027262
Alternative Tracks in Adult Drug Courts: Matching Your Program to the Needs of Your Clients: Part Two of a Two-Part Series
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“If a drug court has such compelling reasons to serve low-risk or low-need individuals, it should consider making substantive modifications to its program to accommodate the characteristics of its participants. This document describes a conceptual framework and evidence-based practice recommendations for designing alternative tracks within a drug court to serve different types of adult participants” (p. 1). Topics explained include: the risk and needs principles; risk and need matrix; high risk ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027261
Targeting the Right Participants for Adult Drug Courts: Part One of a Two-Part Series
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
This publication introduces the reader to a wide range of scientific evidence regarding which offenders receive the most benefit from drug courts. Sections cover: high prognostic risk; defining risk; high criminogenic need; assessment; the DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria for Substance Dependence; suitability determinations; and alternative drug court tracks. “More than two decades of research has identified which individuals respond best to the drug court model and yield the largest returns on inv... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027235
Designing More Effective Correctional Programs Using Evidence-Based Practices
By Latessa, Edward J.. United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan).
Are you looking for a research-based primer on evidence-based practices. Then this article is the place to start. “Through the lens of RNR [risk, need, and responsivity] scholars and practitioners alike have a framework by which they can better study and understand criminal conduct and the effectiveness (or lack thereof) of correctional programs. This model has been widely accepted in the USA, and I believe that approach provides a framework for designing effective correctional programs. This pa... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027235
Designing More Effective Correctional Programs Using Evidence-Based Practices
By Latessa, Edward J.. United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan).
Are you looking for a research-based primer on evidence-based practices. Then this article is the place to start. “Through the lens of RNR [risk, need, and responsivity] scholars and practitioners alike have a framework by which they can better study and understand criminal conduct and the effectiveness (or lack thereof) of correctional programs. This model has been widely accepted in the USA, and I believe that approach provides a framework for designing effective correctional programs. This pa... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027138
Assessing the Effectiveness of Drug Courts on Recidivism: A Meta-Analytic Review of Traditional and Non-Traditional Drug Courts
By Mitchell, Ojmarrh; Wilson, David B.; Eggers, Amy; MacKenzie, Doris L..
The ability of drug courts to reduce reoffending by program participants is evaluated. Anyone looking for evidence-based research looking at the impact of drug courts must read this article. Results describe: the eligible studies; key features of evaluations; key features of drug courts and clients; mean effects by type of drug court, be they for adults, juveniles or for DWI; general recidivism odds ratios; drug courts’ long-term effects; features of the drug court; and additional sensitivity an... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 026520
Drug Courts’ Effects on Criminal Offending for Juveniles and Adults
By Mitchell, Ojmarrh; Wilson, David B.; Eggers, Amy; MacKenzie, Doris L.. Campbell Collaboration (Oslo, Norway).
“The objective of this review is to systematically review quasi-experimental and experimental (RCT) evaluations of the effectiveness of drug courts in reducing recidivism, including drug courts for juvenile and DWI offenders. This systematic review critically assesses drug courts’ effects on recidivism in the short- and long-term, the methodological soundness of the existing evidence, and the relationship between drug court features and effectiveness” (p. 6). Results are provided for: a descript... Read More
PDF
87 pages
2007
Document 023358
Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Recidivism: Implications for State Judiciaries
By Warren, Roger K.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
The reduction of recidivism by state judiciaries utilizing six principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) is explained. Seven sections follow an executive summary: introduction; current state sentencing policies and their consequences; drug courts -- the state judiciary's successful experiment with EBP; the principles of EBP; local sentencing and corrections policy reforms; state sentencing and corrections policy reforms; and conclusion. "[C]arefully targeted rehabilitation and treatment progr... Read More
PDF
77 p.
1999
Document 015448
Drug Courts as a Partner in Mental Health and Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders Diversion Programs
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
When compared to other community supervision programs, drug courts provide more comprehensive supervision and more frequent drug testing and monitoring. Drug Courts all have higher rates of retention. Lane County's use of a drug court to improve supervision of participants with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders in post-booking jail diversion is highlighted.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
NOTE: This may not be a complete listing of documents available for this topic. Only current and publicly available documents are available on our website. Contact our free Help Desk to find out what else might be available for this topic.


General Topics

The documents in our online library have been "tagged" with keywords that relate the major topics they address. You can explore those tags by opening the larger categories listed below. Clicking on a "tag" or topic will give you a list of all the related material on our website. If you are having trouble finding good material, contact our help desk. They have access to thousands of documents not available online.

Administration

Facilities

Funding

Justice System

Misc.

Offender Management

Offender Services

Personnel

Reentry

Special Offenders

Statistics & Research