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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028094
The Treatment of Persons with Mental Illness in Prisons and Jails: A State Survey
By Torrey, E. Fuller; Zdanowicz, Mary T.; Kennard, Aaron D.; Lamb, H. Richard; Eslinger, Donald F.; Biasotti, Michael C.; Fuller, Doris A.. Treatment Advocacy Center (Arlington, VA).
“Prisons and jails have become America’s “new asylums”: The number of individuals with serious mental illness in prisons and jails now exceeds the number in state psychiatric hospitals tenfold. Most of the mentally ill individuals in prisons and jails would have been treated in the state psychiatric hospitals in the years before the deinstitutionalization movement led to the closing of the hospitals, a trend that continues even today. The treatment of mentally ill individuals in prisons and jail... Read More
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116 pages
2014
Document 028284
Entombed: Isolation in the US Federal Prison System
Amnesty International (London, England).
This Amnesty International report discusses "concerns about conditions of severe isolation at the United States Penitentiary, Administrative Maximum facility in Colorado. It also examines conditions in Special Management Units and Security Housing Units operated at other federal prison facilities." Sections include: introduction--restrictions on access to ADX, lack of transparency regarding BOP use of isolation and long-term isolation in other parts of the federal system, and prisoners held in s... Read More
PDF
54 pages
2014
Document 028347
Resource Package for Paroling Authorities on Offenders with Mental Illness and/or Substance Use Disorders
By Burke, Peggy; Gilligan, Leilah. National Parole Resource Center (NPRC) (Silver Spring, MD).
"The package provides an introduction for parole board members to some of the most significant challenges they will face in carrying out their responsibilities with respect to these populations, along with a summary of the latest research and strategic thinking in the field. Given the prevalence of these behavioral health issues in the correctional population, one of the most important challenges for paroling authority members is to assist in prioritizing the use of scarce supervision and treat... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028348
Justifiable Homicides by Law Enforcement Officers: What is the Role of Mental Illness?
By Torrey, E. Fuller; Kennard, Aaron D.; Eslinger, Donald F.; Biasotti, Michael C.; Fuller, Doris A.. Treatment Advocacy Center (TAC) (Arlington, VA); National Sheriffs' Association (NSA) (Alexandria, VA).
"As a consequence of the failed mental illness treatment system, an increasing number of individuals with untreated serious mental illness are encountering law enforcement officers, sometimes with tragic results. “Justifiable homicides,” [arrest-related deaths (ARDs)] in which an individual is killed by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty, may occur when criminals are being pursued, as in a bank robbery, or when an officer is threatened with a weapon, in other situations" (p. 3). This ... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2014
Document 028407
TIP 59: Improving Cultural Competence
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). CDM Group, Inc. (CDM) (Bethesda, MD).
"The development of culturally responsive clinical skills is vital to the effectiveness of behavioral health services. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), cultural competence “refers to the ability to honor and respect the beliefs, languages, interpersonal styles, and behaviors of individuals and families receiving services, as well as staff members who are providing such services … This Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) uses Sue’s (2001) multidimensional mode... Read More
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340 pages
2014
Document 029513
Co-occurring Disorders Among Youth in Juvenile Justice
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Individuals with co-occurring disorders experience substance use and another mental health disorder simultaneously. The conditions may precipitate or exacerbate one another, or they may exist independently … In youth with co-occurring disorders, the complexity of this interaction is heightened. Unique combinations of symptom patterns and behaviors can prevent youth from functioning adequately. Furthermore, co-occurring disorders in youth can impact brain development, making sustained recovery e... Read More

2013
Document 028248
Mental Health Screening in Juvenile Justice Settings
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"The majority of youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system have a diagnosable mental or substance use disorder. In fact, many youth are experiencing both. Combinations of mental illness and substance use are often referred to as either behavioral health problems or co-occurring issues. One of the most important steps in responding to the behavioral health treatment needs of youth in the juvenile justice system is to systematically identify these needs as youth become involved ... Read More

2013
Document 027926
Interventions for Adult Offenders With Serious Mental Illness
By Fontanarosa, Joann; Uhl, Stacy; Oyesanmi, Olu; Schoelles, Karen M.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services (HHS). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) (Rockville, MD). ECRI Institute Evidence-based Practice Center (Plymouth Meeting, PA).
This report is a great introduction to strategies for treating offenders with serious mental illness (i.e., schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, or major depression) in jails, prisons, forensic hospitals, or community reentry programs. The researchers “identified some promising treatments for individuals with serious mental illness during incarceration or during transition from incarceration to community settings. Treatment with antipsychotics other than clozapine appears t... Read More
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249 pages
2013
Document 027931
7 Common Characteristics of Juvenile Mental Health Courts
By Callahan, Lisa; Steadman, Henry J.; Gerus, Lindsay. Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY).
This article is for those people who are tasked with developing a mental health care court for juveniles or individuals with an interest in juvenile justice. “While the courts we [the authors] surveyed and observed vary in size — from 8 to 50 enrollees — and specifics, these seven characteristics are applicable to any jurisdiction, regardless of size and available treatment services. These seven common characteristics are not prescriptive. They do, however, identify a broad blueprint for communi... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027362
PTSD, Trauma, and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Detained Youth
By Abram, Kren M.; Teplin, Linda A.; King, Devon C.; Longworth, Sandra L.; Emanuel, Kristin M.; Romero, Erin G.; McClelland, Gary M.; Dulcan, Mina K.; Washburn, Jason J.; Welty, Leah J.; Olson, Nichole D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“This bulletin examines the results of the Northwestern Juvenile Project—a prospective longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL. The authors discuss their findings on the prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among juvenile detainees and PTSD’s tendency to co-occur with other psychiatric disorders” (p. 1). Sections of this bulletin include: highlights; methods—measures; findings about trauma (overall rates,... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027293
Minimum Standards for Mental Health Services in Correctional Settings
By Livingston, Jamie.
Even though this presentation was given to a Canadian audience, it has a lot of great information for correctional agencies in the United States. Issues related to providing services to mentally ill offenders are covered. Topics discussed include: the problem; the cause; ways to meet the needs of this population in correctional settings while also reducing recidivism; the 2010 report “Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Addiction in the Federal Correctional System”; seven core elements for a ment... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2013
Document 027303
Systems-Level Implementation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center of Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD). Knowledge Application Program (KAP) (Rockville, MD).
This Technical Assistance Publication (TAP) “[d]escribes core elements of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) programs for people with or at risk for substance use disorders. [It also] [d]escribes SBIRT services implementation, covering challenges, barriers, cost, and sustainability.” Five chapters are contained in this publication: introduction; SBIRT overview—defining screening. brief intervention, brief treatment, and referral to treatment, the SBIRT process the p... Read More
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82 pages
2013
Document 027807
Transition Age Youth With Mental Health Challenges in the Juvenile Justice System
By Zajac, Kristyn; Sheidow, Ashli L.; Davis, Maryann. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD); National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (Bethesda, MD); National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Bethesda, MD); National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) (Washington, DC). Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health (TA Partnership) (Washington, DC); National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
Anyone working with transitional youth, individuals aged 16 to 25 years, needs to read this brief. It will help you in understanding their mental health problems, recidivism, and effective transition to adulthood. Sections of this brief include: overview, development during transition to adulthood, and potential pitfalls of the transition age; mental health problems and juvenile justice involvement during the transition age; critical issues facing justice-involved transition age youth with menta... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2013
Document 027822
Reducing Criminal Recidivism for Justice-Involved Persons with Mental Illness: Risk/Needs/Responsivity and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions
By Rotter, Merrill; Carr, W. Amory. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
If you work with mentally ill offenders you find this publication very useful. “In this document, we [the authors] review the leading offender recidivism–targeted intervention paradigm: Risk/Needs/Responsivity (RNR) … In particular, we focus on criminal thinking, one of the identified “needs,” and structured cognitive-behavioral interventions from the worlds of criminal justice and mental health that were created or adapted to specifically target the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors associated ... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027857
Bernalillo County Mental Health Clinic Case Study
By Mendel, Richard A.. Annie E. Casey Foundation. Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) (Baltimore, MD).
“Determining how to provide effective mental health treatment for youth involved in the juvenile justice system – and ensuring that it continues after they exit detention – is one of the most complex challenges facing this system. This report examines how one jurisdiction, Bernalillo County, New Mexico, has taken extraordinary steps to address this challenge by ensuring Medicaid eligibility for detained youth and establishing a licensed, free-standing community mental health clinic adjacent to i... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2013
Document 027740
Supported Employment for Justice-Involved People with Mental Illness
By Bond, Gary R.. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
“Employment is a key to community reintegration for both people with mental illness and those with justice involvement. At present, the empirical literature on employment services for justice-involved people with or without mental illness is meager. By contrast, an extensive evidence base documents the effectiveness of a specific employment model for people with severe mental illness: the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment” (p. 1). This publication covers: the I... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027741
Forensic Assertive Community Treatment: Updating the Evidence
By Morrissey, Joseph P.. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
This brief provides a great introduction to forensic assertive community treatment (FACT). FACT is “an adaptation of the traditional assertive community treatment (ACT) model for people with serious mental illness who are involved with the criminal justice … ACT is a psychosocial intervention that was developed for people with severe mental illness (a subset of serious mental illness, marked by a higher degree of functional disability) who have significant difficulty living independently, high s... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027742
Functional Impairment in Delinquent Youth
By Abram, Karen M.; Choe, Jeanne Y.; Washburn, Jason J.; Romero, Erin G.; Teplin, Linda A.; Bassett, Elena D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“Research suggests that incarcerated youth have difficulty functioning in society as they age. This study reveals that 3 years after detention, most youth struggle in one or more life domains, and one in five youth is severely impaired [they face extreme difficulties in dealing with social, psychiatric, and academic issues from day-to-day] … Juvenile justice organizations, community groups, law enforcement, and corrections agencies must invest in targeted, comprehensive strategies to give these ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 028249
Implementing Evidence-Based Practices
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
This website is an excellent resource for "information that is aimed at helping communities address the needs of their juvenile justice-involved youth who are experiencing behavioral health disorders. Guidance from the field is laid out in [four] phases and [ten] steps, allowing readers to access practical information, resources, and examples most appropriate to their stage of program development. Each step includes resources that are organized into three categories: key websites, examples from ... Read More
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2013
Document 027521
An Innovative Program Model for Mental Health Clinic Services for Correctional Reentry Populations: The Fortune Society’s Better Living Center
Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation (New York, NY). Policy Research Associates (PRAINC) (Delmar, NY).
New York’s Better Living Center (BLC) (in Queens) is highlighted. “Regardless of an individual's reason for not seeking mental health treatment, their risk of recidivism increases greatly without the appropriate treatment. The Fortune Society’s innovative approach to addressing the problem of criminal justice-involved clients with mental illness not engaging in treatment was to create the Better Living Center” (p. 1). The Fortune society provides recently released inmate with a “one-stop model” ... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027518
Emergency Procedures for Private Prisons
Oklahoma Dept. of Corrections (Oklahoma City, OK).
Procedures cover: definition of an emergency; training—training, emergency drills, and notification for private prison disturbances or major disasters; departmental response to private prison emergencies—response, and media; incident debriefing and closure; serious incidents; and departmental response reimbursement—invoice process, monitoring receipts, and adjustments.... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
Document 027642
Guidelines for Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison [Webinar]
By Steadman, Henry J.; Osher, Fred C.; Allen, Steve. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY); Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
These “guidelines promote the behavioral health and criminal justice partnerships that are necessary to develop successful approaches to identify which persons need services, what services they need, and how to match these needs upon transition to community-based treatment and supervision. In addition to an overview of the guidelines themselves, nationally recognized experts on individuals with mental health and co-occurring substance use disorders in the justice system: introduced the underlyin... Read More
WEB
60 pages + 90 minutes
2013
Document 027639
State & Tribal Collaboration Webinar Series
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) (Washington, DC); National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) (Washington, DC).
This “webinar series aims to enhance state and tribal collaboration and highlight the benefits of intergovernmental coordination. Each webinar in this series focuses on a different aspect of state and tribal collaboration”. Of particular importance is the focus of most of these webinars on Tribal –State-Local partnerships regarding criminal justice issues. Access is provided to the following webinars (as of 9-30-2013):” Collaborative Approaches to Justice Information Sharing among Tribal, State ... Read More
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2013
Document 027723
Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison
By Blandford, Alex M.; Osher, Fred. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY); Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY).
The Behavioral Health Framework developed to “help professionals in the corrections and behavioral health systems take a coordinated approach to reducing recidivism and advancing recovery” is explained (p. 2). Sections of this publication cover: building effective partnerships through a shared vision; health care reform and opportunities for expanded access to behavioral health services; prioritizing enrollment to facilitate transition; the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model; implications for su... Read More
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43 pages
2013
Document 027534
Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Colorado’s Continued Warehousing of Mentally Ill Prisoners in Solitary Confinement
ACLU of Colorado (Denver, CO).
“This report examines past and continued use of solitary confinement by the Colorado Department of Corrections (CDOC) to manage mentally ill prisoners; considers the moral, fiscal, safety and legal implications of CDOC’s continued warehousing of mentally ill prisoners in solitary confinement; and makes recommendations to bring Colorado’s prisons in line with modern psychiatric, correctional and legal standards” (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary include: key facts and findings; pol... Read More
PDF
25 pages
2013
Document 027535
A Death Before Dying: Solitary Confinement on Death Row
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY).
The double punishment experienced by death-sentenced prisoners is documented. This publication should be read by any stakeholder connected with the capital punishment process—policy leaders, lawyers, judges, and the public. Sections contained in this report are: introduction; trapped in a broken system; punishment on top of punishment; survey reveals majority of death rows hold prisoners in solitary confinement—cramped and bare cells are the norm, most on death row experience extreme isolation a... Read More
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14 pages
2013
Document 027540
Lessons Learned through The Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati's Substance Use Disorder and Severe Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System Initiative
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Ho, Helen; Greer, Kaitlin. Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati (Cincinnati, OH).
The aim of this report is to present the findings of an evaluation of an initiative to improve the outcomes of justice-involved individuals with severe mental illnesses in the Greater Cincinnati area. It is divided into five parts: introduction—importance of the Initiative, substance use disorder and severe mental illness in the criminal justice system, and the Urban Society study; grantee interviews; grantee outcomes; lessons learned for criminal justice and behavioral health practitioners, for... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2013
Document 027541
Closing the Widening Net: The Rights of Juveniles at Intake
By Birckhead, Tamar R..
The author looks at how the intake process can be made fair for low-income children. His approach “would represent a middle ground between what often happens during the intake evaluation in juvenile court—namely that cases lacking a factual basis are approved for filing—and the practice in adult criminal court, where the defendant’s needs are never a factor in the analysis of whether a criminal complaint should issue” (p. 24). Sections following an abstract are: introduction; what is at stake; ... Read More
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28 pages
2013
Document 027546
Best Practices for Increasing Access to SSI/SSDI upon Exiting Criminal Justice Settings
By Ware, Dazara; Dennis, Deborah. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery (SOAR) (Rockville, MD).
“The Social Security Administration (SSA), through its Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) programs, can provide income and other benefits to persons with mental illness who are reentering the community from jails and prisons. The SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery program (SOAR), a project funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is a national technical assistance program that helps people who are homeless or at ... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2013
Document 027016
Treatment Alternatives to Incarceration for People with Mental Health Needs in the Criminal Justice System: The Cost-Savings Implications
By Cloud, David; Davis, Chelsea. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
“The disproportionate number of people with behavioral health disorders involved in the criminal justice system puts a tremendous strain on scarce public resources and has a huge impact on health care and criminal justice budgets. This research summary demonstrates that with appropriate treatment and access to community-based services, this population is less likely to be incarcerated and more likely to lead healthy, productive lives—while resulting in substantial costs savings. Sections of this... Read More
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6 pages
2013
Document 026952
Risk Reduction Research
University of California-Irvine (Irvine, CA).
“Our research team focuses on understanding why some people with mental disorder become involved in self-harm, violence, and/or criminal behavior. To develop more effective prevention and treatment strategies for this group, we must first understand how individual and environmental factors interact to increase their risk of such harmful behavior. This understanding can also be used inform legal decision-making about this high risk, high need group … we use multi-method, interdisciplinary, longi... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 026955
Developing a Mental Health Court: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this project is to make existing research and practices accessible while encouraging learners to ask the right questions at the right times and develop productive collaborations and programs that serve the needs of their communities. While the curriculum is presented as a comprehensive resource on how to plan and implement a mental health court, it is also designed to be easily adapted to supplement existing trainings, for new mental health court team members, or as a tune-up for te... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027064
Pretrial Detention and Misconduct in Federal District Courts, 1995-2010
By Cohen, Thomas H.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This report “[p]resents findings on general trends in pretrial detention and misconduct in the federal district courts between fiscal years 1995 and 2010. The report highlights trends in the number of defendants released and detained pretrial and examines the changing composition of defendants with federal pretrial dispositions, including the increase in defendants charged with immigration violations and the growth of defendants with serious criminal backgrounds. It examines the relationships be... Read More
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13 pages
2013
Document 027063
Early Starters: Which Type of Criminal Onset Matters Most for Delinquent Careers?
By DeLisi, Matt; Neppl, Tricia K.; Lohman, Brenda J.; Vaughn, Michael G.; Shook, Jeffrey J..
Anyone involved with juvenile offenders should know about this study. “Across multiple conceptual models in the social and behavioral sciences, the onset of antisocial behavior is inversely related to the developmental course and severity of the delinquent career. Despite this relation, there is little agreement about the best way to measure early onset … [Based on this study] Arrest onset was most consistently related to antisocial outcomes including two models for career arrests and two models... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027063
Early Starters: Which Type of Criminal Onset Matters Most for Delinquent Careers?
By DeLisi, Matt; Neppl, Tricia K.; Lohman, Brenda J.; Vaughn, Michael G.; Shook, Jeffrey J..
Anyone involved with juvenile offenders should know about this study. “Across multiple conceptual models in the social and behavioral sciences, the onset of antisocial behavior is inversely related to the developmental course and severity of the delinquent career. Despite this relation, there is little agreement about the best way to measure early onset … [Based on this study] Arrest onset was most consistently related to antisocial outcomes including two models for career arrests and two models... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2012
Document 027067
Promising Practices Guide Supporting the Recovery of Justice-Involved Consumers
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Policy Research Associates, Inc. (PRA) (Delmar, NY); National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Support, Technical Assistance and Resources (STAR) Center (Arlington, VA).
“The field is gradually recognizing that reduced recidivism and treatment compliance are just two indicators of success. Stable housing and employment are other indicators. Increasingly, programs are integrating evidence-based practices (EBPs) into their program models. However, existing EBPs often need to be adapted or modified to address the “culture of incarceration” and specific issues (e.g., housing, employment and family reunification) germane to justice-involved consumers reentering the c... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2012
Document 027067
Promising Practices Guide Supporting the Recovery of Justice-Involved Consumers
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Policy Research Associates, Inc. (PRA) (Delmar, NY); National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Support, Technical Assistance and Resources (STAR) Center (Arlington, VA).
“The field is gradually recognizing that reduced recidivism and treatment compliance are just two indicators of success. Stable housing and employment are other indicators. Increasingly, programs are integrating evidence-based practices (EBPs) into their program models. However, existing EBPs often need to be adapted or modified to address the “culture of incarceration” and specific issues (e.g., housing, employment and family reunification) germane to justice-involved consumers reentering the c... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2012
Document 027067
Promising Practices Guide Supporting the Recovery of Justice-Involved Consumers
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Policy Research Associates, Inc. (PRA) (Delmar, NY); National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Support, Technical Assistance and Resources (STAR) Center (Arlington, VA).
“The field is gradually recognizing that reduced recidivism and treatment compliance are just two indicators of success. Stable housing and employment are other indicators. Increasingly, programs are integrating evidence-based practices (EBPs) into their program models. However, existing EBPs often need to be adapted or modified to address the “culture of incarceration” and specific issues (e.g., housing, employment and family reunification) germane to justice-involved consumers reentering the c... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2012
Document 027070
Women’s Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental Illness & Trauma
By Lynch, Shannon M; DeHart, Dana D.; Belknap, Joanne; Green, Bonnie L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI … Understanding female offenders’ pathways to offending, including both risk for onset and risk for continued offending, helps elucidate the complexity of their experiences and identify key factors and intervening variables that... Read More
PDF
91 pages
2012
Document 026935
Statewide Law Enforcement/Mental Health Efforts: Strategies to Support and Sustain Local Initiatives
By Reuland, Melissa; Draper, Laura; Norton, Blake. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (New York, NY).
“The purpose of this document is to provide readers with a description of how statewide efforts can be organized and play a role in supporting SPRs [specialized policing responses] within their borders” (p. viii). The two prevalent SPRs being Crisis Intervention Teams (CITs) and police-mental health co-responder teams. The information provided is important for anyone dealing with mentally ill offenders in the community. This report is divided into three main sections: the structure of statewide ... Read More
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66 pages
2012
Document 026937
Through the Wall Standoff Detection Tracking of Individuals: NIJ RRA Final Report
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). AKELA (Santa Barbara, CA).
All correctional agencies should be aware of this emerging technology. “AKELA Inc. [has] developed a sense-through-the-wall (STTW) standoff radar imaging system for law enforcement use. The underlying technology of the imaging system is a multiple antenna, continuous wave, frequency stepping radar in a portable case that can be positioned at standoff distances of up to 30 m away from a building of interest. Radar information is processed in real time on a laptop computer to allow detection and t... Read More
PDF
70 pages
2012
Document 025977
Juvenile Mental Health Treatment Courts
GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
“Juvenile Mental Health Courts (JMHCs) provide case management and support to youth in the juvenile justice system with behavioral health needs. These courts focus on treatment and rehabilitation, and help to divert youth from juvenile detention facilities to community-based services in their local systems of care.” This website provides a map showing where JMHCs are located within the United States.... Read More
WEB
2012
Document 025978
A National Survey of U.S. Juvenile Mental Health Courts
By Callahan, Lisa; Cocozza, Joseph; Steadman, Henry J.; Tillman, Sheila.
Results from a survey of juvenile mental health courts (JMHCs) in the United States are presented. Information is provided regarding: program characteristics—parent agency responsible, access points, organizations involved with the court, funding source, and multidisciplinary team members; and participant characteristics—age, race, sex, current offenses, and most common diagnosis. JMHCs primarily operate under the juvenile court with funding from the state. Participant offenses are mostly misdem... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 025990
Psychopathy
By Sternberg, Sharon.
This presentation explains that psychopathy is. Individuals involved with criminal offenders should be aware of this mental sickness. Psychopathy is a “personality disorder in which an individual manifests immoral and antisocial behavior, lack of ability to love or establish meaningful personal relationships, extreme egocentricity (self-centeredness), failure to learn from experience, etc.” Topics covered include: what psychopathy is; a brief history; Cleckley’s psychopath; Hare’s psychopathy; h... Read More
PPT
21 pages
2012
Document 026096
Criminal Justice Interventions for Offenders with Mental Illness: Evaluation of Mental Health Courts in Bronx and Brooklyn, New York
By Rossman, Shelli B.; Willison, Janeen Buck; Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Kim, KiDeuk; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, D. Mitchell. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The goal of the current study is to determine if participation in mental health court reduces subsequent criminal justice involvement--namely, recidivism as measured by new arrests and new convictions” (p. 2). The report is a measure that other agencies can use in determining the effectiveness of their own mental health court programs. Six chapters comprise this work: study context and literature review; evaluation design and methods; Bronx and Brooklyn Mental Health Court programs and business... Read More
PDF
202 pages
2012
Document 026333
An American Gulag—The Mentally Ill at Supermax
By Cohen, Andrew. The Atlantic (Washington, DC).
“An ongoing series explores allegations of abuse at ADX-Florence, the country's most secure prison.” Issues covered include: Part One: Descending into Madness at Supermax; Part Two: The Faces of a Prison's Mentally Ill; Part Three: The Constitution and Mentally Ill Prisoners; Part Four: A Prison Chief's Unnerving Suicide-Prevention Memo; and Related Story: Death, Yes, but Torture at Supermax?... Read More
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2012
Document 026605
Adults with Behavioral Health Needs Under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery
By Osher, Fred; D'Amora, David A.; Plotkin, Martha; Jarrett, Nicole; Eggleston, Alexa. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY); Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project (New York, NY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This white paper presents a shared framework for reducing recidivism and behavioral health problems among individuals under correctional control or supervision—that is, for individuals in correctional facilities or who are on probation or parole. The paper is written for policymakers, administrators, and practitioners committed to making the most effective use of scarce resources to improve outcomes for individuals with behavioral health problems who are involved in the corrections system. It i... Read More
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82 pages
2012
Document 026381
Mental Health Issues in County Corrections vs State Prisons
By Hatcher, Joe W.; Pichette, Shauna. corrections.com (Scituate, MA).
The author explains why “the mental health environment in county corrections [local detention facilities or jails] is, in important respects, more difficult for inmates and for staff than it was at the state institution [she] left” (p. 1). Most of jail inmates’ difficulty dealing with mental health issues seems to be based on their increased levels of stress and the inability of addressing it by themselves or with the help of professional staff.... Read More
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3 pages
2012
Document 026469
A Checklist for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices and Programs (EBPs) for Justice-Involved Adults with Behavioral Health Disorders
By Blandford, Alex M.; Osher, Fred C.. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY); Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
An “easy-to-use checklist to help behavioral health agencies assess their utilization of EBPs associated with positive public safety and public health outcomes” is presented (p. 2). The checklist is divided into two sections. Section One: questions regarding whether an organization has the components in place to build a cross-collaborative system to support the implementation of EBPs. This checklist is divided into columns noting steps (elements in place), rationale, actions, and progress (no pr... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2012
Document 026471
Jail Diversion
GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
If you are looking for a primer on jail diversion for serious mentally ill offenders (often with co-occurring substance abuse disorders), then this is the website you should visit. There are three webpages comprising this resource: what jail diversion is--background, definition, and differing perceptions of diversion; types of jail diversion programs—pre-booking diversion, post-booking diversion, and six key features essential to the creation and implementation of successful jail diversion progr... Read More
WEB
2012
Document 026474
Psychopathy: An Important Forensic Concept for the 21st Century
By Babiak, Paul; Folino, Jorge; Hancock, Jeffrey; Hare, Robert D.; Logan, Matthew; Mayer, Elizabeth Leon; Meloy, J. Reid; Hakkanen-Nyholm, Helina; O'Toole, Mary Ellen; Pinizzotto, Anthony; Porter, Stephen; Smith, Sharon; Woodworth, Michael.
This article provides a great portrait of who a psychopath is. It covers: psychopathy and personality disorder; traits and characteristics; chameleons and predators; myth busting; presence in society; assessment tool; victims; and concluding remarks. 'Psychopathy has been described as the single most important clinical construct in the criminal justice system. More recently, it is considered 'the most important forensic concept of the early 21st century.' Because of its relevance to law enforcem... Read More
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6 pages
2012
Document 027066
Self-Advocacy and Empowerment Toolkit for Individuals Currently Involved with the Justice System
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Policy Research Associates, Inc. (PRA) (Delmar, NY); National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Support, Technical Assistance and Resources (STAR) Center (Arlington, VA).
“The Self-advocacy and Empowerment Toolkit identifies resources and strategies to guide you, its readers?individuals with behavioral health issues and past or current contact with the criminal justice system?in achieving personal recovery goals. The Toolkit responds to the expressed need of justice-involved people with behavioral health issues for additional resources to assist them in making informed decisions about their futures in a manner that accounts for their unique challenges. Although a... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2012
Document 027404
The Impact of Prison Conditions on Staff Well-Being
By Bierie, David M..
The impacts of the work environment on staff well-being and staffs’ perceptions of those working conditions are examined. “Staff members who perceived harsher prison conditions were significantly more likely to have increased drinking and smoking in the prior 6 months. They were significantly more worried about aspects of their life outside of prison (e.g., money) and reported significantly higher psychological problems (e.g., concentration problems, depression). They also exhibited more physica... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027156
Out and Down: Incarceration and Psychiatric Disorders
By Schnittker, Jason; Massoglia, Michael; Uggen, Christopher. American Sociological Association (ASA) (Washington, DC).
The relationship between incarceration and the psychiatric disorders of inmates is examined. Sections following an abstract include: background—the total institution and the pains of imprisonment, confounding and the effects of incarceration, a conceptual model illustrating influences in the incarceration-psychiatric disorder relationship, psychiatric disorders and disability; data and methods using the NCS-R (National Comorbidity Survey Replication); statistically significant results for the as... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 026958
Improving Outcomes for People with Mental Illnesses Involved with New York City’s Criminal court and Correction Systems
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation (New York, NY). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
Strategies that “could improve treatment outcomes and expedite case disposition for people with mental illnesses, ensuring the most appropriate use of scarce city resources while maintaining public safety” are presented (p. 3). These strategies are integral parts of a policy framework that addresses the special needs of mentally ill offenders. This policy framework is composed of the following parts: determine levels of risks and needs; provide pretrial, plea, and sentencing options; establish c... Read More
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17 pages
2012
Document 027065
Learning About Us, Learning to Help Us: Supporting People with Psychiatric Disabilities in the Criminal Justice System
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Policy Research Associates, Inc. (PRA) (Delmar, NY); National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Support, Technical Assistance and Resources (STAR) Center (Arlington, VA).
“Community members, family members, friends, providers, criminal justice staff and consumers themselves can use these tools to learn more about people with psychiatric disabilities and their involvement in the criminal justice system and how to best to support recovery. We encourage everyone to share this guide, the accompanying Personal Narratives and the Consumer Toolkit with anyone who could benefit from them. These tools are designed to be used alone or in complementary fashion” (p. 2). Sect... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2011
Document 027433
Thirteen (13) Questions Judges Should Ask Their Probation Chiefs
By Lotzer, Erica. The Carey Group (TCG) (Silver Spring, MD).
This form helps you to determine “whether your probation agency is adhering to EBP [evidence-based practice]”. Responses are rated according to the thirteen questions asked. ... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2011
Document 027301
Mental Health Courts Effectiveness in Reducing Recidivism and Improving Clinical Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis
By Cross, Brittany.
“Mental health courts have recently emerged with goals to reduce recidivism and improve clinical outcomes for people with serious mental illness in the criminal justice system. The present study is a review of mental health court literature assessing their effectiveness in reducing recidivism and improving clinical outcomes for participants using meta-analytic techniques” (p. v). Chapters following an abstract address: introduction; literature review regarding mental illness in corrections; ment... Read More
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110 pages
2011
Document 026986
Mental Health Services in Juvenile Justice: Who Pays? What Gets Paid For? And Who Gets to Decide?
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL).
“Providing effective mental health services for youths in the juvenile justice system raises complex policy questions, including: Who pays? What services get paid for? And who gets to decide? The answers to these questions are changing rapidly, as financing shifts from specialized programs to broad-based insurance such as Medicaid. This brief provides an overview of the changing financing streams and federal health care reform, and explores the opportunities and challenges facing mental health a... Read More
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4 pages
2011
Document 027264
Constitutional Law--Cross-Gender Pat Searches: The Battle Between Inmates and Corrections Officers Enters the Courtroom
By Gallagher, Robyn.
The issue of cross-gender pat searches is bound to impact a correctional agency. What is unique about this article is that it takes a detailed look at the conflict between the rights of inmates not to be subjected to pat frisks by a member of the opposite sex and the right of correctional staff not to be discriminated against in regards to their gender and opportunities for employment. This Note is divided into four parts that address: cross-gender pat searches and various prisoners’ rights—the ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2011
Document 027264
Constitutional Law--Cross-Gender Pat Searches: The Battle Between Inmates and Corrections Officers Enters the Courtroom
By Gallagher, Robyn.
The issue of cross-gender pat searches is bound to impact a correctional agency. What is unique about this article is that it takes a detailed look at the conflict between the rights of inmates not to be subjected to pat frisks by a member of the opposite sex and the right of correctional staff not to be discriminated against in regards to their gender and opportunities for employment. This Note is divided into four parts that address: cross-gender pat searches and various prisoners’ rights—the ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2011
Document 027264
Constitutional Law--Cross-Gender Pat Searches: The Battle Between Inmates and Corrections Officers Enters the Courtroom
By Gallagher, Robyn.
The issue of cross-gender pat searches is bound to impact a correctional agency. What is unique about this article is that it takes a detailed look at the conflict between the rights of inmates not to be subjected to pat frisks by a member of the opposite sex and the right of correctional staff not to be discriminated against in regards to their gender and opportunities for employment. This Note is divided into four parts that address: cross-gender pat searches and various prisoners’ rights—the ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2011
Document 027264
Constitutional Law--Cross-Gender Pat Searches: The Battle Between Inmates and Corrections Officers Enters the Courtroom
By Gallagher, Robyn.
The issue of cross-gender pat searches is bound to impact a correctional agency. What is unique about this article is that it takes a detailed look at the conflict between the rights of inmates not to be subjected to pat frisks by a member of the opposite sex and the right of correctional staff not to be discriminated against in regards to their gender and opportunities for employment. This Note is divided into four parts that address: cross-gender pat searches and various prisoners’ rights—the ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2011
Document 027264
Constitutional Law--Cross-Gender Pat Searches: The Battle Between Inmates and Corrections Officers Enters the Courtroom
By Gallagher, Robyn.
The issue of cross-gender pat searches is bound to impact a correctional agency. What is unique about this article is that it takes a detailed look at the conflict between the rights of inmates not to be subjected to pat frisks by a member of the opposite sex and the right of correctional staff not to be discriminated against in regards to their gender and opportunities for employment. This Note is divided into four parts that address: cross-gender pat searches and various prisoners’ rights—the ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2011
Document 027397
Improving Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Review of Alameda County’s Collaborative Mental Health Court
By Gardner, Patrick. Alameda County Health Care Services Agency (San Leandro, CA); California Endowment (Los Angeles, CA). National Center for Youth Law (NCYL) (Oakland, CA).
This publication is a great resource for those agencies thinking about creating and implementing a juvenile mental health court. “This project was undertaken in order to better explain how the ACJC [Alameda County’s Collaborative Court ]works, what it has accomplished, and where it may go in the future. The report details the specific processes and procedures used by the ACJC to identify, evaluate, serve, and transition youths with significant unmet mental health needs from the juvenile justice ... Read More
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76 pages
2011
Document 027395
Thinking Outside the Cell: Alternatives to Incarceration for Youth with Mental Illness
Disability Rights Texas (Austin, TX); National Center for Youth Law (Oakland, CA); Texas Appleseed (Austin, TX).
This report “features three case studies of youth placed in the Corsicana Residential Treatment Center, the TYC facility designated for youth with serious mental illness or emotional disturbance. Their stories highlight the significant challenges youth with mental health needs face before and after commitment to TYC. They also demonstrate that access to appropriate and effective community-based mental health services is key to addressing the underlying sources of many youths’ offenses, reducing ... Read More
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18 pages
2011
Document 026659
Does Mental Health Screening Fulfill Its Promise?
By Williams, Valerie; Grisso, Thomas. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Models for Change (Washington, DC).
The ability of a mental health screening tool, such as the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-2nd Version (MAYSI-2) to successfully assess a detained juvenile's mental state is examined. Sections comprising this brief are: background; mental health symptoms being common at detention intake; whether screening may ultimately lead to greater availability of services; disruptive incidents being the same before and after screening; whether screening scores could have helped staff anticipate dis... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 024961
Corrections & Mental Health
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); USIS/Labat, Inc. (McLean, VA).
In recent years, an increasing number of persons with mental illness, including those who have co-occurring substance abuse disorders, have come into contact with the criminal justice system. Some estimates suggest that as many as two million men and women with mental health problems are involved with our country's community corrections, jail, and prison systems. The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is highly concerned with the health and mental well-being both of those who work dilige... Read More
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1 page
2011
Document 025196
Benefits for Prisoners with Mental Illness
Mental Health America (MHA) (Alexandria, VA).
This brief explains the need of access to Medicaid for recently released inmates with mental illness. The publication also covers policies state and local governments can adopt to ensure former inmates receive Medicaid benefits and actual initiatives in this regard by 13 agencies.... Read More
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4 pages
2011
Document 025260
Mentally Ill Juveniles in Local Custody: Issues and Analysis
Corrections Standards Authority (CSA) (Sacramento, CA).
This paper “focuse[s] on ways to maximize existing resources and employ cost effective, as well as programmatically effective, proven interventions … and seeks to describe as many of these ways of ‘working smarter’ [i.e., best and evidence based practices, emerging interventions, programmatic or operational successes, and promising innovations departments have tested] and as many of the key issues as possible” (p. 2). Sections of this paper include: introduction; what has come before; structural... Read More
PDF
81 pages
2011
Document 025722
Task Force for Criminal Justice Collaboration on Mental Health Issues: Final Report: Recommendations for Changing the Paradigm for Persons With Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System
Judicial Council of California. Administrative Office of the Courts (San Francisco, CA); Council of State Governments (Lexington, KY); California Department of Mental Health. Mental Health Services Act (MHSA)/Proposition 63 (Sacramento, CA). Judicial Council of California. Administrative Office of the Courts. Center for Families, Children and the Courts. Task Force for Criminal Justice Collaboration on Mental Health Issues (San Francisco, CA).
“The task force was charged to explore ways to improve practices and procedures in cases involving adult and juvenile offenders with mental illness, to ensure the fair and expeditious administration of justice, and to promote improved access to treatment for defendants with mental illness in the criminal justice system” (p. 1). This report has seven sections that follow “Guiding Principles” and “Report and Recommendation Development”: prevention, early intervention, and diversion programs; court... Read More
PDF
96 pages
2011
Document 026936
Unobtrusive Suicide Warning System, Final Technical Report
By Ashe, Jeffrey M.; Ganesh, Meena; Yu, Lijie; Graichen, Catherine; Welles, Ken; Platt, Bill; Chen, Joy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). General Electric Global Research (Niskayuna, NY).
This report should be required reading for the corrections field since inmate suicide continues to be a problem in correctional facilities. “GE Global Research has developed an unobtrusive, Doppler radar-based sensor system that will indicate a suicide attempt in-progress by observing and interpreting motion related to heartbeat, breathing, and limb movement. This non-contact monitoring device can detect, interpret, and relay information about strong and sudden changes in physiology associated w... Read More
PDF
151 pages
2011
Document 027114
Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs)
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
“In the field of mental health, the term evidence-based practices (EBPs) refers to interventions that have been rigorously tested, have yielded consistent, replicable results, and have proven safe, beneficial, and effective for most people diagnosed with mental illness.” The following five factsheets address EBPs that can be adaptable to criminal justice settings: Assertive Community Treatment (ACT); Supportive Employment; Illness Self-Management and Recovery; Integrated Treatment for Co-Occurri... Read More
WEB
2011
Document 025761
Supportive Housing for the Disabled Reentry Population The District of Columbia Frequent Users Service Enhancement Pilot Program
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Horvath, Aaron. District of Columbia. Executive Office of the Mayor. Justice Grants Administration (Washington, DC); Foundation to Promote Open Society (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This report provides a look at the D.C. Frequent Users Service Enhancement (FUSE) Pilot Project. FUSE assists high-risk and high-need mentally ill offenders that are “frequent users”, individuals who have extensive histories of cycling between homelessness, the Department of Mental Health, and the Department of Corrections. Six sections follow and executive summary: history and development of FUSE; characteristics of the Frequent User population in D.C.; performance of the Frequent User pilot; p... Read More
WEB
78 pages
2011
Document 025779
Special Panel Review of Excited Delirium
By Hughes, Edward L., editor. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Pennsylvania State University. Weapons and Protective Systems Technologies Center (WPSTC). Special Panel Review of Excited Delirium (University Park, PA).
These proceedings are about Excited Delirium Syndrome (ExDS) and strategies for addressing it. Law enforcement and medical professionals should be aware of ExDS and the ways it could impact their interactions with afflicted individuals. “The purpose of the meeting was to examine the phenomenon of “excited delirium” and its association with the use-of-force in general and the use of CEDs [conducted energy in particular. Additionally, the panel was to review, discuss, and examine related medical a... Read More
PDF
50 pages
2011
Document 025976
Multisystemic Therapy Outcomes in an Evidence-Based Pratice Pilot
By Mayfield, Jim. Washington State Institute for Public Policy (Olympia, WA).
The Multisystemic Therapy (MST) pilot program, “an intensive family- and community-based intervention for chronic juvenile offenders and youth with serious emotional disorders, 12 to 17 years of age, is evaluated (p. 1). Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction; the intervention and referral process; characteristics of enrolled youth; outcomes regarding subsequent involvement in criminal justice at 12 months and use of public mental health services; summary; and statistic... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2011
Document 027068
Advanced Behavior Recognition in Crowded Environments: Final Report
By Chang, Ming-Ching; Ge, Weina; Krahnstoever, Nils; Yu, Ting; Lim, Ser Nam; Liu, Xiaoming. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). GE Global Research. Sensor Surveillance Program (Niskayuna, NY).
“This document is the final report for the NIJ research program “Advanced Behavior Recognition in Crowded Environments”. The goal of this program is to increase the situational awareness in law-enforcement and correctional settings and reliably detect and prevent activities indicative of disorderly conduct and criminal behavior. Examples include fights, riots, the formation of drug markets, and gang activities. A particular emphasis of this program is to develop robust probabilistic event modeli... Read More
PDF
218 pages
2011
Document 027068
Advanced Behavior Recognition in Crowded Environments: Final Report
By Chang, Ming-Ching; Ge, Weina; Krahnstoever, Nils; Yu, Ting; Lim, Ser Nam; Liu, Xiaoming. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). GE Global Research. Sensor Surveillance Program (Niskayuna, NY).
“This document is the final report for the NIJ research program “Advanced Behavior Recognition in Crowded Environments”. The goal of this program is to increase the situational awareness in law-enforcement and correctional settings and reliably detect and prevent activities indicative of disorderly conduct and criminal behavior. Examples include fights, riots, the formation of drug markets, and gang activities. A particular emphasis of this program is to develop robust probabilistic event modeli... Read More
PDF
218 pages
2011
Document 027068
Advanced Behavior Recognition in Crowded Environments: Final Report
By Chang, Ming-Ching; Ge, Weina; Krahnstoever, Nils; Yu, Ting; Lim, Ser Nam; Liu, Xiaoming. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). GE Global Research. Sensor Surveillance Program (Niskayuna, NY).
“This document is the final report for the NIJ research program “Advanced Behavior Recognition in Crowded Environments”. The goal of this program is to increase the situational awareness in law-enforcement and correctional settings and reliably detect and prevent activities indicative of disorderly conduct and criminal behavior. Examples include fights, riots, the formation of drug markets, and gang activities. A particular emphasis of this program is to develop robust probabilistic event modeli... Read More
PDF
218 pages
2011
Document 025328
The Next Generation of Behavioral Health and Criminal Justice Interventions: Improving Outcomes by Improving Interventions
By Epperson, Matthew; Wolff, Nancy; Morgan, Robert; Fisher, William; Fruch, B. Christopher; Huening, Jessica. National Institute of Mental Health (Bethesda, MD). Rutgers University. Center for Behavioral Health Services and Criminal Justice Research (New Brunswick, NJ).
“The purpose of this monograph is to suggest ways in which we can build and improve upon first generation interventions and develop the “next generation” of behavioral health and criminal justice interventions – interventions that better address the multiple and complex needs of persons with SMI [severe mental illnesses] who are at risk of criminal justice involvement” (p. 1). This report is required reading for anyone working with mentally ill offenders. Sections of this publication include: in... Read More
PDF
48 pages
2011
Document 025372
Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders among Adult Men on Probation or Parole: Some Success against a Persistent Challenge
By Feucht, Thomas E.; Gfroerer, Joseph. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD).
“This report presents data on mental and substance use disorders among adult males on correctional supervised release–parole or probation–from local, state and federal prisons and jails. It examines issues that have grown increasingly salient with the rising costs associated with managing the growing community- and facility-based criminal justice population” (p. 1). Results are given for: trends in the number of probationers and parolees; substance use, dependence and abuse and unmet treatment ... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2011
Document 025574
Facilitating Medicaid Enrollment for People with Serious Mental Illnesses Leaving Jail or Prison: Key Questions for Policymakers Committed to Improving Health and Policy Safety
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The access to Medicaid and Supplemental Security Income/Social Security Disability Insurance (SSI/SSDI) that justice-involved people with serious mental illness (SMI) should have is an area of frequent confusion. Answers to questions which “can help policymakers facilitate or strengthen effective collaboration among corrections, health, and mental health agencies to identify and enroll eligible individuals with SMI in these programs” are provided (p. 1). Reasons for why policymakers should care ... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2011
Document 025569
Frequently Asked Questions: Health, Mental Health, & Substance Use Disorders
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center. Committee on Health, Mental Health, and Substance Use Disorders (New York, NY).
Questions related to recently released inmates’ health services, mental health care, mental illness, and co-occurring disorders are answered. Some of the topics covered include: health risks faced by these offenders; difference between screening and assessment; continuity of care; and federal benefits available to justice-involved individuals.... Read More
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15 pages
2011
Document 025507
White Paper on Offender Reentry and Mental Illness in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Deason, Chris; Hygrade, Cynthia; Adams, Madeline; Jones, Karen. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
Topics covered by this brief include: the incidence of mental illness in prisons; the increasing rate of offenders considered to be mentally ill; classification of mentally ill inmates is based on a mental health screen; 35% of females admitted are mentally ill; significant amounts of states funds spent on prison-based mental health treatment; higher recidivism rate for mentally ill offenders; 75% of mentally ill offenders also have substance abuse issues; mentally ill offenders face unique chal... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2010
Document 025592
Responding to a High-Profile Tragic Incident Involving a Person with a Serious Mental Illness: A Toolkit for State Mental Health Commissioners
By Wells, Susan Milstrey. U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD). National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA); Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
“The toolkit is designed to provide broad information and focuses primarily on helping you prepare for, respond to and successfully navigate an incident that captures significant public and media attention.” While it is written for mental health commissioners, it provides valuable information that can easily be used in your agency in the event you face a tragic, high-profile incident with a violent mentally ill offender. This publication has sections about what to do before, during, and after an... Read More
PDF
98 pages
2010
Document 025607
Excited Delirium Mandatory Testing
Los Vegas Metropolitan Police Dept. (Los Vegas, NV); South Nevada Health District (Los Vegas, NV).
Excited delirium or agitated delirium involves and individual acting in a particularly “violent, erratic, or bizarre manner”. Physical signs include: unfounded fear and panic; shouting and/ or nonsensical speech; hallucinations, paranoia, or other strange behavior; hyperactivity or throwing themselves about, especially following restraint; unexplained strength and/or endurance; shedding cloths or nudity often due to feeling hot; and huge amounts of sweating. This 18-minute training program is co... Read More
WEB
2010
Document 025628
Offender Incentives and Behavioural Management Strategies
By Serin, Ralph C.; Hanby, Laura J.. Correctional Service of Canada (Ontario, Ottawa).
“This review juxtaposes several themes across more than three decades in an effort to highlight consensus in the published literature regarding factors that might influence offender behaviour. To reduce the occurrence of misconducts and violence in prisons, various strategies have been explored. Contingency management programs in the form of individual and systemic incentives are the focus of this discussion, with examples drawn from both correctional and non-correctional settings” (p. 1). Secti... Read More
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33 pages
2010
Document 024322
Mental Health Screening and Assessment in the Illinois Juvenile Justice System
By Bostwick, Lindsay. Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission (Chicago, IL). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
If you are involved with screening juvenile offenders, you want to read this report. It discusses the differences in assessment instruments, their use, and concerns regarding such. Sections cover: introduction; mental health screening and assessment practices in the Illinois juvenile justice system; mental health screening and assessment tools—psychometric properties, mental health screening instruments, mental health assessment instruments, and other screening and assessment tools; conclusion; ... Read More
PDF
71 p.
2010
Document 024355
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: Tailoring Law Enforcement Initiatives to Individual Jurisdictions
By Reuland, Melissa; Draper, Laura; Norton, Blake. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY); Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) (Washington, DC).
While this guide is written for police departments, sheriff’s offices should find it helpful for developing approaches to interacting with mentally ill people. The step-by-step program design process incorporates seven actions. Additionally, program designs in action are covered showing responses to specific problems and also jurisdictional characteristics.... Read More
PDF
51 p.
2010
Document 024454
More Mentally Ill Persons Are in Jails and Prisons Than Hospitals: A Survey of the States
By Torrey, E. Fuller; Kennard, Aaron D.; Eslinger, Don; Lamb, Richard; Pavle, James. Treatment Advocacy Center (Arlington, VA); National Sheriffs Association (Alexandria, VA).
There is a serious problem when there are three times more mentally ill inmates than mentally ill patients in hospitals. This report looks at this problem and is divided into six sections: executive summary; introduction; methodology; results; problems associated with having seriously mentally ill persons in jails and prisons—in and out often, cost more, stay longer, often major management problems, more likely to commit suicide, and are sometimes abused; and possible solutions, among them the u... Read More
PDF
19 p.
2010
Document 024564
Building Safer Communities: Improving Police Response to Persons with Mental Illness: Recommendations from the IACP National Policy Summit
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). International Association of Chiefs of Police (Alexandria, VA).
This report identifies ”promising approaches [that] offer safer, more compassionate and often cost-effective ways for police and their community partners to respond to adults and juveniles with mental illness” (p.2). Sections following an executive summary are: Summit background and goals; issues and opportunities—people with mental illness involved in the justice system, causes of the overrepresentation of this population, and promising directions; Summit recommendations for improving quality a... Read More
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32 p.
2010
Document 024586
CIT Center
University of Memphis. CIT Center (Memphis, TN).
"The Memphis Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) is an innovative police based first responder program that has become nationally known as the “Memphis Model” of pre-arrest jail diversion for those in a mental illness crisis. This program provides law enforcement based crisis intervention training for helping those individuals with mental illness. Involvement in CIT is voluntary and based in the patrol division of the police department. In addition, CIT works in partnership with those in mental healt... Read More
WEB
1 p.
2010
Document 024590
Crisis Intervention Teams (CIT)
North Carolina. Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse (Raleigh, NC).
Resources for those individuals interested in setting up crisis intervention teams (CIT) in their communities will find this information very useful. Access at this website is provided to: the video “The Right Tools: CIT in North Carolina”; frequently asked questions; Guidelines for CIT in North Carolina; sample data sheet; instructions for CIT data sheet; sample law enforcement policies; sample MOU (memorandum of understanding); lessons learned; and the North Carolina CIT Self-Assessment Tool.... Read More
WEB
2 p.
2010
Document 024602
Welcome to CIT International
CIT International (Louisville, KY).
Information about and from CIT International can be found at this website.... Read More
WEB
1 p.
2010
Document 024645
Establishing and Maintaining Medicaid Eligibility upon Release from Public Institutions
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD). Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. (Princeton, NJ); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD).
Individuals involved in acquiring Medicaid benefits for mentally ill ex-offenders returning to the community will find the lessons learned from this study helpful. The development and implementation of “a model program to ensure that eligible individuals with mental illness were enrolled in Medicaid at discharge from state institutions” was evaluated (p.1). Five sections follow an executive summary: introduction; barriers to ensuring Medicaid eligibility for adults leaving state institutions; in... Read More
PDF
78 p.
2010
Document 024632
The NAMI NJ Do and Don’t Card for Law Enforcement Education: Mental Illness Crisis
National Alliance for the Mentally Ill New Jersey (NAMI NJ) (North Brunswick, NJ).
This pocket card explains what to do and not to do when interacting with mentally ill people during a crisis.... Read More
PDF
1 p.
2010
Document 024517
Crisis Intervention Teams: An Effective Response to Mental Illness in Corrections [Satellite/Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
Our nation’s jails, prisons, and community corrections agencies are confronted daily with substantial numbers of persons with mental illness in custody and under supervision. Mental illness in corrections demands an urgency of response, services, and care. Correctional staff have attempted to manage individuals suffering mental illness with varying degrees of success. In searching for meaningful methods of response, some agencies, in partnership with stakeholder communities, have implemented Cri... Read More
VIDEO
1 video DVD (149 min.)
2010
Document 024690
Getting Inside the Black Box: Understanding How Jail Diversion Works
National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
People interested in or involved with the diversion of mentally ill offenders from jail will find the results of this program evaluation interesting. Sections of this report are: the Center for Mental Health Services Targeted Capacity Expansion (CMHS TCE) Jail Diversion Program; convening the assessment experts; major findings; beyond data—the black box of jail diversion; “central eight” risk factors; understanding the black box and fine-tuning a model; and next steps and opportunities. Improved... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2010
Document 024797
Crisis Intervention Teams: A Frontline Response to Mental Illness in Corrections [Lesson Plans and Participant's Manual]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The tools, strategies, and techniques that will allow corrections staff, mental health service providers, and advocates to work together to develop and implement a crisis intervention team (CIT) are presented. CITs help reduce crisis situations, improve safety, and promote better outcomes for persons with mental illness. Participants will learn: about the core elements of a locally developed and owned CIT for managing mental illness in prisons, jails, and community corrections; how to develop c... Read More
ZIP
approximately 300 pages
2010
Document 024849
Targeting Criminal Recidivism in Justice-Involved People with Mental Illness: Structured Clinical Approaches
By Rotter, Merrill; Carr, Amory. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
The primary focus of this brief “is on cognitive behavioral interventions developed for criminal justice populations that are effective in reducing recidivism” (p. 1). Sections include: Cognitive-Behavioral therapy (CBT) and adaptations for justice-involved populations; general principles of recidivism-focused CBT programming; recidivism-focused CBT programs; new directions in criminal behavioral focused structured interventions; and summary. Individuals working with mentally ill offenders will ... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2010
Document 025258
Costs of Incarcerating Youth with Mental Illness: Final Report
By Cohen, Edward; Pfeifer, Jane. Chief Probation Officers of California (CPOC) (Sacramento, CA); California Mental Health Directors Association (CMHDA) (Sacramento, CA).
This project was “conducted for the primary purpose of informing public policy development by analyzing the costs and contexts related to incarcerating youth with mental illness and co-occurring mental illness/substance use disorders in California detention facilities (p. iii). Sections of this report include: introduction; background and context; study methods; results for basic facility costs, characteristics of detained youth, services and costs for mental health treatment, substance abuse se... Read More
PDF
88 pages
2010
Document 026672
Report on the Activities of the Institutional Corrections Research Network, 2007-2009
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) (Middletown, MD).
The National Institute of Corrections 'has incorporated outcome measures and performance standards into the work that they do across the country to determine if those activities were having an impact and benefiting the field ' One of the primary means by which NIC approached this work was through the development of the Institutional Corrections Research Network (ICRN) ' a group of correctional administrators and corrections researchers that meets annually to discuss research in the field of corr... Read More
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46 pages
2010
Document 026322
To What Extent Does Prisoners’ Mental Illness Undermine Programming Effectiveness?
By Skinner, Beth Ann. University of Iowa. Iowa Research Online (Iowa City, IA).
“This study examines the impact of mental illness and prison vocational and educational programming on reentry outcomes (employment rates, length of employment, enrollment in and completion of school, and recidivism) and the relationship between mental illness and program completion. Additionally, the study examines the interactions of mental illness and prison programming on reentry outcomes” (p. 1). This dissertation is divided into five parts: understanding the impact of prison programming on... Read More
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160 pages
2010
Document 027407
Overview of the Special Needs Diversionary Program for Mentally Ill Juvenile Offenders: Fiscal Year 2010
Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (Austin, TX).
“The Special Needs Diversionary Program (SNDP) was created in 2001 to provide mental health treatment and specialized supervision in order to rehabilitate juvenile offenders and prevent them from penetrating further into the criminal justice system. The program is administered in a collaborative model by TJPC and the Texas Correctional Office on Offenders with Medical and Mental Impairments (TCOOMMI). It has now been in operation for nine years” (p. i). This report presents outcomes from this pr... Read More
PDF
31 pages
2009
Document 023634
Improving Outcomes for People with Mental Illnesses Under Community Corrections Supervision: A Guide to Research-Informed Policy and Practice
By Prins, Seth Jacob; Draper, Laura. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
“This guide is organized around policymakers’ common questions about people with mental illnesses under community corrections supervision and the type and effectiveness of strategies designed to respond to this population” (p.3). Sections include: executive summary; introduction; the extent and nature of the problem; strategies to improve outcomes for people with mental illnesses under community corrections supervision; future research questions and implications for policy and practice; and conc... Read More
PDF
44 p.
2009
Document 023851
The Mentally Ill in Jail: Whose Problem Is It Anyway? [Satellite/Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections. Academy Division (Aurora, CO).
This 3-hour program, originally broadcast July 15, 2009, provides an overview of opportunities that can help your organization prepare to work with persons suffering from mental illness in jails. Mental health issues in the criminal justice system are a community wide problem, and corrections stakeholders, including government officials and corrections personnel, all have a role in identifying creative programs and solutions that tackle the problem at its core. This broadcast investigates the sc... Read More
VIDEO
3 computer disks; DVD-ROM (159 min.) + 1 computer disk; CD-ROM
2009
Document 024023
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: The Essential Elements of Specialized Probation Initiatives
By Prins, Seth J.; Oshner, Fred C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY).
“This report articulates 10 essential elements for all probation interventions that involve people with mental illnesses, regardless of the particular program model” (p. vii). The essential elements are: collaborative planning and administration; defining, identifying, and assessing a target population; designing the initiative and matching individuals to supervision and treatment options; setting conditions of community supervision; developing an individualized case plan; providing or linking t... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2007
Document 022133
Increasing Collaboration Between Corrections and Mental Health Organizations: Kansas Case Study
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Criminal Justice Mental Health Consensus Project (Lexington, KY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The COR-Pathways (Community Offender Resources Pathways) transition planning program, a collaboration between the Kansas Department of Corrections (DOC) and Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services (SRS), is described and evaluated. Sections contained in this case study are: introduction; summary of initiatives for re-entering offenders with mental illness; building collaboration (2001-2003); breaking new ground (2003-2005); evaluating program impact; looking ahead -- challenges; lookin... Read More
PDF
16 p.
2007
Document 022134
Increasing Collaboration Between Corrections and Mental Health Organizations: Orange County Case Study
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Criminal Justice Mental Health Consensus Project (Lexington, KY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The use of the Mental Health Pretrial Release Program (MHPTR) by the Orange County Jail, in order to identify those individuals with mental illness who can be safely supervised in the community prior to their trials, is discussed. Seven sections comprising this case study are: introduction; summary of initiatives; first steps -- 1999-2004; beyond the Central Receiving Center -- 2004-2006; assessing the impact of new initiatives; looking ahead -- challenges; and dimensions of collaboration. Succ... Read More
PDF
20 p.
2007
Document 022298
Large Jail Network Meeting, January 28-30, 2007, Longmont, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; “Reflecting on 15 Years of the Large Jail Network” by David Parrish and Art Wallenstein; “Open Forum: Hot Topics for Discussion”; “Using the NIC Corrections Community LJN Forum” by Joshua Stengel; “Large Jail Systems Assessment Project” by James Austin; “Legal Issues Update” by Bill Collins; “Improving Collaboration Between Corrections & Mental Health Systems” by Fred Osher and Seth Prins; “Diagnosing Organizational Culture” by Carol Flaher... Read More
PDF
50 p.
2005
Document 021374
Improving the Response to Offenders with Mental Illness Through Mental Health and Criminal Justice Collaboration
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Proceedings from hearings regarding mentally ill offenders are provided. Contents of this publication include: executive summary; outline of proceedings; opening remarks and introduction; hearing panel -- setting the context -- the increasing number of people with mental illness under corrections supervision -- origins of the problem and key strategies for addressing it; hearing panel -- case studies of state and local mental health and corrections collaboration; summary of day's proceedings; D... Read More
PDF
183 p.
2005
Document 020311
Mental Health Consultant Report
By White, Thomas. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Iowa Dept. of Corrections. Iowa State Penitentiary. Clinical Care Unit (Des Moines, IA).
Results from an evaluation of the treatment of mentally ill inmates housed in the CCU (Critical Care Unit) of the Iowa State Penitentiary are provided. Sections of this report include: comments from the Iowa Department of Corrections; cover letter to the study proper; background and overview; findings regarding recent suicide deaths of four offenders, mental health/treatment issues, and security issues; summary of suicide death review; overview of management and personnel issues; evaluation of ... Read More
DOC
54 p.
2005
Document 020300
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, Winter 2005
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This Large Jail Network meeting took place January 30-February 1, 2005, in Longmont, Colorado. Contents of these proceedings include: NICs Core Competency Model Project: Preparing Leaders in Corrections for the Future by Robert Brown; Training as a Strategic Management Tool by Tom Reid; Legal Issues and Mentally Ill Inmates by Bill Collins; Mental Health Services in Jails: Identifying Problems by Joel A. Dvoskin; Informal Announcements by David Parrish; Mental Health Issues: Open Forum Discussio... Read More
PDF
67 p.
2004
Document 018604
Effective Prison Mental Health Services: Guidelines to Expand and Improve Treatment
By Hills, Holly; Siegfried, Christine; Ickowitz, Alan. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Mental Health Association (Alexandria, VA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"[H]istorical , legal, and ethical issues relevant to dealing with mental illness in the field of corrections" are discussed (p. iii). Chapters include: introduction; screening and assessment; mental health and substance abuse treatment; use of seclusion, segregation, and restraints; suicide prevention; treating women offenders; psychopharmacological intervention for psychiatric disorders; transitional services; treatment of special populations (e.g., persons with mental retardation or developme... Read More
PDF
91 p.
2002
Document 017907
Understanding Managed Behavioral Health Care in Community Corrections
  • [Videoconference Held July 17, 2002]
  • National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
    This program addresses behavior health care services for offenders under community supervision. Topics include: mental illness and its impact on individuals in community corrections; special issues with behavioral managed care in criminal justice; the history and components of managed behavioral healthcare and what has not worked; what constitutes good managed behavioral healthcare; legal issues and liabilities related to behavioral health care and community corrections; collaborative strate... Read More

    1 DVD (180 min.)
    2002
    Document 017875
    NIC Broadcast: Mental Illness in Jails Q & A
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
    Questions and answers regarding the following topics are provided: deferred prosecution, recidivism, isolation, cost concerns, coordinated efforts, medicating for behavior issues, classification, diversion and mental health courts, jail overcrowding, rehabilitation, privitization, standards of care, assessment tools, treatment review committees, follow-up, stakeholders, case referral, continuity of care, and additional resources.... Read More
    PDF
    9 p.
    2002
    Document 017693
    Jail Inmates with Mental Illness: A Community Problem [Videoconference Held April 17, 2002]
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
    This videoconference addresses issues faced by jails that must deal with increasing numbers of inmates with serious mental illnesses. Topics discussed include:
    • Essential jail-based service components for mentally ill inmates;
    • Creative approaches to meet the service needs of the mentally ill;
    • Identification of potential resources that can be used in the management of this special population;
    • Mental health courts;
    • And how to maintain continuity of care.
    ... Read More

    1 DVD (180 min.)
    2002
    Document 017901
    Meeting the Challenge in Correctional Mental Health Care: The Prison Experience
  • [Videoconference Held June 19, 2002]
  • National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
    This videoconference provides Information regarding cooperation between correctional agencies and mental health authorities to ensure continuity of care and adequate treatment for offenders with mental illness or mental health problems. Participants will learn about:
    • The scope of the problem concerning mental illness in prison;
    • Innovative program strategies and best practices;
    • The value of early planning for community re-entry;
    • And approaches for determining program effi... Read More

    1 DVD (180 min.)
    2001
    Document 016993
    Options for Managing Difficult Inmates [Videoconference held on June 13, 2001]
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Difficult inmates, such as those who have gang affiliations, chronic behavioral problems or who are mentally or socially challenged, require more complex management interventions. This program presents a menu of options for managing difficult inmates, discusses barriers, and identifies resources. Segments of this presentation include:
    • Description of the "difficult" inmate
    • Criteria for placement and release to special housing
    • Program options that are working nationally
    • Ob... Read More

    1 DVD (180 min.)
    2001
    Document 017341
    Colorado Mental Health Training Course for Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers [Lesson Plan]
    By Sherman, Richard K.. National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO). Colorado. Twentieth Judicial District (Boulder, CO).
    Effective interactions with individuals who suffer from mental disorders are described during this 8-hour course. Five sections comprise this lesson plan:
    • Introduction and background;
    • Mental disorders;
    • Officer interactions with emotionally disturbed persons;
    • Understanding the experience of mental illness;
    • And legal and liability issues.
    ... Read More
    PDF
    157 p.
    2001
    Document 019153
    Integrated Services Reduce Recidivism Among Homeless Adults with Serious Mental Illness in California
    By Davis, Gray; Johnson, Grantland; Mayberg, Stephen W.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY) .
    A summary of the report "Effectiveness of Integrated Services for Homeless Adults with Serious Mental Illness" is provided. The report documents the impressive results coming from the Community Mental Health Treatment Program (AB 2034). Programs reduced the number of days homeless, incarcerated, and hospitalized for participants.... Read More
    PDF
    2 p.
    2001
    Document 017857
    Commission on the Status of Mental Health of Iowa's Corrections Population
    Community Corrections Improvement Association (Cedar Rapids, IA); Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Princeton, NJ); Greater Cedar Rapids Community Foundation (Cedar Rapids, IA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Council of State Governments (Lexington, KY). State Public Policy Group, Inc. (Cedar Rapids, IA) .
    The effects of an increasing number of offenders with serious mental health problems are investigated. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction and purpose; methodology/overview of effort; hearings summary; findings; and the survey report which identifies unfulfilled mandates, non-uniform performance, a sense of urgency for problem solution, the desire for community-based correctional settings, and overwhelming support for solutions existing within Iowa's correctional sy... Read More
    PDF
    39 pages
    1998
    Document 014806
    Psychopaths: Their Nature and Impact on Corrections [Videoconference held August 5, 1998]
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    This three-hour interactive videoconference addresses both adult and juvenile psychopaths who are incarcerated or under community supervision. It covers the following topics: identification, diagnosis, and classification of psychopathic offenders and detainees; assessing their risk for violence (prediction studies); special considerations with psychopathic sex offenders; costs associated with managing these offenders and detainees; the implications for treatment, management, and release; Hendric... Read More

    1 DVD (180 min.)
    1996
    Document 014000
    Community Corrections in America: New Directions and Sounder Investments for Persons with Mental Illness and Codisorders
    By Lurigio, Arthur J., ed.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Corrections . National Coalition for Mental and Substance Abuse Health Care in the Justice System (Seattle, WA).
    Fifteen contributors provide ten chapters in this document, titled as follows: 1. The Challenge of Responding to Persons with Mental Illness on Community Corrections Supervision; 2. Persons with Mental Illness on Probation and Parole: The Importance of Information; 3. Offenders with Mental Illness on Probation Supervision; 4. Women in Probation and Parole; 5. Working with Seriously Mentally Ill Substance Abusers; 6. People of Color; 7. Juveniles: The First Frontier; ... Read More
    PDF
    184 p.
    1995
    Document 012207
    Safety Awareness Workbook: Anticipating, Identifying, and Resolving the Potential Victimization of Probation and Parole Officers
    By Kipp, Richard A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Lehigh County Adult Probation and Parole (Allentown, PA).
    This workbook discusses worker safety issues in probation and parole. Officers' mental attitudes and use of force are addressed. General indications of drug use by clients, signs of aggression, possible resistance or attack, discussion of mental health issues, and general warning signs related to sex offenders are discussed. Finally, safety tactics, such as light conditions, building design, and vehicle considerations are discussed as they relate to officer safety.... Read More
    PDF
    88 p.
    1994
    Document 012252
    Concept Paper for a National Forum on Creating Jail Mental Health Systems, San Francisco, CA, November 9-10, 1994
    National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC).
    This concept paper examines mentally ill offenders and their special needs that must be addressed when they come in contact with the criminal justice system. The various points of contact are with police, jails/lockups, prisons, probation and parole, and diversion programs. Some principles for successful mental health services and prospects for federal initiatives are discussed. Finally, there is a section describing the Center for Mental Health Services program which illustrates the hom... Read More
    PDF
    96 p.
    1992
    Document 003367
    Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 26-28, 1992 [Denver, Colorado]
    National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
    Regularly convened meetings of administrators of the seventy-five jurisdictions in the U.S. with populations over 1000 inmates provide an exchange of ideas and information. This meeting dealt primarily with the American With Disabilities Act (ADA) and featured presentations on: An overview of the ADA; Legal issues of ADA; Dealing with employee issues and ADA; Update on the National Pretrial Reporting Program; Update on the National Institute of Mental Health Survey; and Information report on the... Read More
    PDF
    36 p.
    1990
    Document 008754
    Jail Diversion for the Mentally Ill: Breaking Through the Barriers
    By Steadman, Henry J.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Coalition for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System (Seattle, WA).
    A conference was held on April 2, 1990 that brought together mental health, correctional, and law enforcement professionals to address issues surrounding the mentally ill person who comes in contact with the local jail. Research and program reviews from which the conference deliberations developed are provided. Four categories identified and examined are: screening and evaluation; crisis intervention; treatment; and transfer/discharge planning. ... Read More
    PDF
    133 p.
    1990
    Document 009271
    Special Needs Inmates: A Survey of State Correctional Systems
    By Hall, Marie. National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections (Boulder, CO). Illinois Dept. of Corrections (Springfield, IL).
    The Illinois Department of Corrections conducted a survey of all 50 states to determine the prevalence of inmates who have special medical or mental health needs. Within the 31 states responding, .08 percent to 8.2 percent of prison inmates fell into various special housing categories. These categories included chronic illness, terminally ill, advancing age, ambulation difficulties, and mental health problems.... Read More
    PDF
    34 p.
    1985
    Document 003197
    Correctional Officer's Guide: Patuxent Institution, Jessup, Maryland
    By Cheatwood, Derral. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Patuxent Institution (Jessup, MD).
    ... Read More
    PDF
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