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Browsing Documents Related to 'Minorities'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028072
How the Prison Rape Elimination Act Helps LGBT Immigrants in Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“Protection from sexual abuse in immigration detention is particularly important for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, individuals as they are among the most vulnerable to sexual abuse in confinement. DHS [Department of Homeland Security] introduced PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act] standards in early March to establish a “zero tolerance standard” for rape and to protect immigrants in detention facilities from sexual abuse. These standards are an important step toward protecting... Read More
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8 pages
2014
Document 028214
LGBTI Migrants in Immigration Detention: A Global Perspective
By Tabak, Shana; Levitan, Rachel.
"Among the thousands of migrants who are detained by states each year, those who are perhaps most vulnerable to human rights violations are oftentimes invisible within the immigration systems: LGBTI detainees. Human rights violations perpetrated against these individuals, who may be targeted during their detention as a result of their sexual orientation or gender identity, are made all the more egregious since many LGBTI detainees in immigration detention chose to migrate from their countries of... Read More
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45 pages
2014
Document 028319
Jails in Indian Country, 2013
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "findings from the 2013 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2013 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and expected average ... Read More
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19 pages
2014
Document 028063
Criminal Stigma, Race, Gender, and Employment: An Expanded Assessment of the Consequences of Imprisonment for Employment
By Decker, Scott H.; Spohn, Cassia; Ortiz, Natalie R.; Hedberg, Eric. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
The impact of having a prison record on an individual’s ability to find a job is examined. Results are presented both for males and for females. Policy considerations are explained regarding: the role of the internet in applying for a job; the job interview, job training, and preparation for work and expanding social capital for former inmates. “Consistent with prior research, we find differences by race/ethnicity, with blacks and Hispanics generally faring more poorly than whites. The differenc... Read More

111 pages
2014
Document 028065
Young Women of Color with Criminal Records: A Barrier to Economic Stability for Low-Income Families and Communities
Community Legal Services of Philadelphia (CLS) (Philadelphia, PA).
“Over the past few years, young women of color have been represented at a disproportionately high rate among clients coming to Community Legal Services (CLS) for help with barriers to employment caused by criminal records. This is particularly notable, as the vast majority of research, programming, and policy attention regarding criminal records and barriers to employment have focused on men. The impact of criminal records on young women seeking employment has largely been overlooked” (p. 2). Th... Read More

5 pages
2014
Document 028103
Disproportionate Minority Contact and Status Offenses
Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ). SOS Project (Washington, DC).
This report looks at the significant overrepresentation of minority youth among juvenile status offenders. Sections of this publication includes: issue background; the need to focus on non-delinquent youth; addressing disproportionality among status offenders; new data on status offenses and disproportionality; and implications for juvenile justice reform. ... Read More

5 pages
2014
Document 028363
Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies
By Ghandnoosh, Nazgol; Lewis, Christopher. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"To guide and give greater momentum to recent calls for reform, this report examines a key driving force of criminal justice outcomes: racial perceptions of crime. A complex set of factors contributes to the severity and selectivity of punishment in the United States, including public concern about crime and racial differences in crime rates. This report synthesizes two decades of research establishing that skewed racial perceptions of crime – particularly, white Americans’ strong associations o... Read More

44 pages
2014
Document 028407
TIP 59: Improving Cultural Competence
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). CDM Group, Inc. (CDM) (Bethesda, MD).
"The development of culturally responsive clinical skills is vital to the effectiveness of behavioral health services. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), cultural competence “refers to the ability to honor and respect the beliefs, languages, interpersonal styles, and behaviors of individuals and families receiving services, as well as staff members who are providing such services … This Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) uses Sue’s (2001) multidimensional mode... Read More

340 pages
2014
Document 028411
Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System
By Rovner, Joshua. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Despite positive trends regarding juvenile interactions with the justice system, racial disparities remain as a persistent problem. African-American youth comprise 17 percent of the population, but comprise 31 percent of all arrested youth. This briefing paper explains how disproportionate minority contact (DMC) with the juvenile justice system is measured and takes a close look at drug offenses, property crimes, and status offenses. Racial disparities weaken the credibility of a justice system... Read More

10 pages
2014
Document 028456
Examining Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Probation Revocation: Summary Findings and Implications from a Multisite Study
By Jannetta, Jesse; Breaux, Justin; Ho, Helen; Porter, Jeremy. Urban Institute (New York, NY).
"Racial and ethnic disparity is pervasive in the American criminal justice system. This is particularly stark for blacks, who despite constituting just 13 percent of the US population, account for 30 percent of adult probationers, 37 percent of jail inmates, 38 percent of prisoners, and 40 percent of parolees. Such disparities have broad consequences, from impacts on the health and functioning of minority communities to perceptions of the legitimacy of the criminal justice system. There are more... Read More

15 pages
2014
Document 028474
Gender Nonconforming Youth: Discipline Disparities, School Push-Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
By Burdge, Hilary ; Licona, Adela C.; Hyemingway, Zami T.. Ford Foundation (New York, NY); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Atlanta, GA). Gay-Straight Alliance Network (gsanetwork) (San Francisco, CA); University of Arizona. Crossroads Collaborative (Tucson, AZ).
This report provides an excellent explanation of why some gender nonconforming youth end up involved with the juvenile justice system. "Gender nonconformity, or GNC, is a term used to describe a person’s identity or expression of gender. A GNC person may express their gender through the clothes they wear, the activities they engage in, the pronouns they use, and/or their mannerisms. This expression may embrace masculinity, femininity, neither, or both. GNC is also an umbrella term used to descri... Read More

12 pages
2014
Document 028475
LGBTQ Youth of Color: Discipline Disparities, School Push-Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
By Burdge, Hilary ; Licona, Adela C.; Hyemingway, Zami T.. Ford Foundation (New York, NY); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Atlanta, GA). Gay-Straight Alliance Network (gsanetwork) (San Francisco, CA); University of Arizona. Crossroads Collaborative (Tucson, AZ).
This is an excellent report about an issue that is little known—the involvement of LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning) youth of color in the juvenile justice system. Topics discussed include: LGBTQ youth of color and the school-to-prison pipeline (STPP); school push-out—the marginalization in school and/or forcing out of school of these youth before they graduate; LGBTQ youth of color report increased surveillance and policing; these youth report incidents of hars... Read More

16 pages
2014
Document 028242
LGBTI Training: Immigration Detention
Community Initiatives for Visiting Immigrants in Confinement (CIVIC). Endisolation (San Francisco, CA).
This is an excellent website for people who work with GLBTI (gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) immigrants under U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention and those who visit them. Access is provided to: "An Overview of Immigration Detention for LGBTI" (69 minutes) with welcoming remarks by Angela Maria Kelley, featured speakers Olga Tomchin, Royce Murray, Christina Fialho, and moderator Sharita Gruberg; "Transgender 101: A Training Video for CIVIC Visitor Voluntee... Read More
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2013
Document 027592
Stories of Change Among Justice-Involved American Indian Youth: From the Cross-Site Evaluation of OJJDP’s Tribal Green Reentry Program
By McKay, Tasseli; Lindquist, Christine; Melton, Ada Pecos; Martinez, Rita. RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC).
“Understanding what helps justice-involved American Indian (AI) youth to make positive changes in their lives and end or reduce their involvement in the tribal juvenile justice system is important for developing effective supports. This report presents perspectives on personal change among justice-involved AI youth who participated in the Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Green Demonstration (“Green Reentry”) programs in three tribes.” Sections of this publication address: risk and protectiv... Read More
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14 pages
2013
Document 028213
Dignity Denied: LGBT Immigrants in U.S. Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This report provides a vivid picture of how LGBT immigrants are abused in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; abuse in immigration detention—details from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request showing dangerous conditions for Detained LGBT immigrants, sexual assault, solitary confinement, and inadequate medical care; ICE's attempts to address the needs of LGBT detainees; impact of increased enforcem... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
Document 028213
Dignity Denied: LGBT Immigrants in U.S. Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This report provides a vivid picture of how LGBT immigrants are abused in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; abuse in immigration detention—details from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request showing dangerous conditions for Detained LGBT immigrants, sexual assault, solitary confinement, and inadequate medical care; ICE's attempts to address the needs of LGBT detainees; impact of increased enforcem... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
Document 027351
Wisconsin’s Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges for 2013
By Pawasarat, John; Quinn, Lois M.. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Milwaukee, MN).
Issues related to the ability of ex-offenders to get jobs after their release from imprisonment in Wisconsin are explored. An executive summary presents a review of findings and recommendations. This report is divided into two parts: mass incarceration of African American males—the most for any state in the United States; and transportation barriers to employment—suspensions of driver’s licenses due to not paying fines. “Given wide disparities in income among racial groups in Wisconsin and the i... Read More
PDF
33 pages
2013
Document 027379
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services: Final Report
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC).
“The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report presents a cohesive and comprehensive framework for strategic change in the victim services field and addresses ways to overcome political, policy, and philosophical challenges in the field. OVC anticipates that this report will catalyze important first steps in the strategic direction and focus of the victim assistance field. “ Six chapters follow an executive summary: forging a future informed by research; meeting the holistic legal nee... Read More
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60 pages
2013
Document 027584
Review of the Use of Segregation for ICE Detainees
U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) (Washington, DC).
“This directive establishes policy and procedures for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) review of ICE detainees placed into segregated housing … Placement of detainees in segregated housing is a serious step that requires careful consideration of alternatives. Placement in segregation should occur only when necessary and in compliance with applicable detention standards. In particular, placement in administrative segregation due to a special vulnerability should be used only as a la... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 027337
TDMHSAS Best Practice Guidelines: Adolescents Who Have Engaged In Sexually Abusive Behavior
Tennessee Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS). Division of Planning, Research and Forensics (Nashville, TN); Tennessee Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS). Division of Clinical Leadership (Nashville, TN).
“The guidelines presented here are to assist in the evaluation and treatment of adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. The goal of these guidelines is to improve the care of adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior, which in turn increases community safety and decreases the victimization of others. These guidelines are primarily intended for males who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. Though some may apply to females there is insufficient research to... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2013
Document 027359
Deaths in Custody in Australia to 30 June 2011: Twenty Years of Monitoring by the National Deaths in Custody Program Since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody
By Lyneham, Mathew; Chan, Andy. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, ACT).
“Compiled for two decades by the Australian Institute of Criminology, this report found both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous rates of deaths in custody have decreased over the last decade and are now some of the lowest ever seen (0.16 per 100 Indigenous prisoners and 0.22 per 100 non-Indigenous prisoners in 2010–11) … While Indigenous prisoners continue to be statistically less likely to die in custody than non-Indigenous prisoners, there is a concerning trend emerging, as the actual number of... Read More
WEB
222 pages
2013
Document 027293
Minimum Standards for Mental Health Services in Correctional Settings
By Livingston, Jamie.
Even though this presentation was given to a Canadian audience, it has a lot of great information for correctional agencies in the United States. Issues related to providing services to mentally ill offenders are covered. Topics discussed include: the problem; the cause; ways to meet the needs of this population in correctional settings while also reducing recidivism; the 2010 report “Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Addiction in the Federal Correctional System”; seven core elements for a ment... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2013
Document 027085
The Changing Racial Dynamics of Women’s Incarceration
By Mauer, Marc. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“Scholars are beginning to analyze the relative contributions of changes in crime rates, criminal justice policies, economics, and demographics to the slowing growth rate of the prison system, but one area that has gone largely unexplored is the impact of such changes on racial disparities in imprisonment. As is well known, black/white disparities in the use of incarceration have been profound for quite some time. Since the 1980s a series of analyses have documented these trends at the national ... Read More
PDF
26 pages
2013
Document 027417
Jails in Indian Country, 2012
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2012 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and average expected length of stay in jail at admission. It also provides data on rated capacity, facility crowding, and jail staffing in June 2012, and counts of inmate deaths and suicide attempts.” There was an increase in the inmate population of 5.6% since midyear... Read More
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18 pages
2013
Document 027416
Justice and Health Connect
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“Justice and Health Connect aims to increase the ability of government agencies and community organizations to share information across health and justice systems.” Points of access include: background—what information sharing is, the reason for sharing information, how it will benefit your agency, and information sharing myths; a toolkit explaining how to create and implement an efficient and successful interagency collaboration that shares information—four modules covering defining your object... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027438
Prison Gerrymandering Project
Prison Policy Initiative. Prison Gerrymandering Project (Northampton, MA).
This is an excellent resource for getting up-to-date on this issue threatening the democratic process. “The way the Census Bureau counts people in prison creates significant problems for democracy and for our nation’s future. It leads to a dramatic distortion of representation at local and state levels, and creates an inaccurate picture of community populations for research and planning purposes. Some state legislative districts draw large portions of their political clout, not from actual resid... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027809
Immigration Detention: Additional Actions Could Strengthen DHS Efforts to Address Sexual Abuse
U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) (Washington, DC).
“In 2003 Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) to protect individuals against sexual abuse and assault in confinement settings, including persons potentially subject to removal from the United States housed in DHS’s [U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s] detention facilities. GAO was asked to review DHS efforts to address issues of sexual abuse and assault in immigration detention facilities. This report examines (1) what DHS data show about sexual abuse and assault in immigra... Read More
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93 pages
2013
Document 027621
Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Criminal Justice System
By Tanya E. Coke. National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL) Washington, DC).
“The conference assembled a distinguished group of criminal justice experts … to identify critical points of intervention and concrete, practical reforms to redress racial disproportionality at every stage of criminal proceedings. Rather than belabor what has gone wrong or has not worked, participants shared innovative disparity-reduction practices from around the country, as well as new ideas for reforming policies that produce mass incarceration (p. 7). Ten sections are contained in this publi... Read More
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44 pages
2013
Document 027620
Bending the Curve: Juvenile Corrections Reform in Texas
By Laudano, Jennifer. Pew Charitable Funds. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
“During the past six years, Texas overhauled its juvenile corrections system, enacting a series of reforms that led to a significant reduction in the state-level committed population and yielded millions of dollars in cost savings while protecting public safety” (p. 1). Sections of this brief cover: problem; reforms—authorizing legislation, redirected resources, incentive funding, standardized tools, and streamlines system; and impact—commitments down, costs reduced $50 million per year, and pub... Read More
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7 pages
2013
Document 027639
State & Tribal Collaboration Webinar Series
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) (Washington, DC); National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) (Washington, DC).
This “webinar series aims to enhance state and tribal collaboration and highlight the benefits of intergovernmental coordination. Each webinar in this series focuses on a different aspect of state and tribal collaboration”. Of particular importance is the focus of most of these webinars on Tribal –State-Local partnerships regarding criminal justice issues. Access is provided to the following webinars (as of 9-30-2013):” Collaborative Approaches to Justice Information Sharing among Tribal, State ... Read More
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2013
Document 027855
Tribal Equity Toolkit 2.0: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country
Legal Aids Services of Oregon (LASO). Native American Program (NAPOLS) (Portland, OR); Lewis & Clark Graduate School of Education and Counseling. Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program (IWOK) (Portland, OR); Basic Rights Oregon (Portland, OR); Western States Center (Portland, OR).
“Tribal laws reflect our values as a people, define our collective barriers, prioritize our issues, allocate public resources, and identify eligibility for conferred status and public benefits and services. This Toolkit identifies areas in which existing tribal laws may discriminate against Two Spirit /LGBT individuals. The Toolkit also gives tribal legislators a brief overview of legal and policy issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit/LGBT community members, and offers sample reso... Read More
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167 pages
2013
Document 027649
Workplace Harassment by Law Enforcement and Correctional Supervisors: Part 1--Sexual Harassment [and] Part 2--Racial and Other Forms of Harassment
Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) Law Enforcement Legal Center (Chicago, IL).
"Protecting employees against workplace harassment is an important obligation of law enforcement and correctional agencies as employers. Harassment is a corrosive element in an agency’s functioning, can undermine morale, and unfairly subjects hard-working employees to daily torments that add to the burdens and responsibilities that they have to cope with to effectively do their job. Additionally, as has long been clear, workplace harassment on the basis of sex or race, as well as other protect... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027671
Report of The Sentencing Project to the United Nations Human Rights Committee: Regarding Racial Disparities in the United States Criminal Justice System
On-site use only. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“This report chronicles the racial disparity that permeates every stage of the United States criminal justice system, from arrest to trial to sentencing. In particular, the report highlights the influence of implicit racial bias and recounts the findings of the burgeoning scholarship on the role of such bias in the criminal justice system” (p. 2). Sections cover: racial disparity in police activity; racial disparity in trials—indigent defense counsel, prosecution, and juries, trial judges, and p... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2013
Document 027677
Changing Probation Officer Attitudes: Training Experience, Motivation, and Knowledge
By Lowencamp, Christopher T.; Holsinger, Alexander M.; Flores, Anthony W.; Koutsenok, Igor; Pearl, Natalie.
The impact of evidence-based training on the level of probation officers’ (POs) knowledge of “what works” in effective interventions and also on the POs’ attitudes about providing better service are examined. This study shows that “the training had an immediate effect on several indicators regarding knowledge of evidence-based correctional practices, belief in self-efficacy regarding offender change (on the part of probation officers), and an increasing awareness of the importance of core correc... Read More
WEB
16 pages
2013
Document 027681
Democracy Imprisoned: A Review of the Prevalence and Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in the United States
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); ACLU of Florida (Miami, FL); Hip Hop Caucus (Washington, DC); Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (Washington, DC); Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights (Washington, DC); National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (Baltimore MD); NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report “includes an overview of the history of and rationale for felony disenfranchisement laws in the United States, considers the U.S.’ disenfranchisement practices in the context of other nations, and discusses recent state law developments” (p. 1). Sections of this report include: reporting organizations; introduction and issue summary—disproportionate impact of felony disenfranchisement laws on minorities, history and rationale of felony disenfranchisement laws, the United States in in... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 028056
Preventing and Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities: The Impact of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA)
By Layman, Elizabeth. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“The National Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Standards were released in 2012 to provide comprehensive guidance on the prevention, detection, and response to sexual abuse and violence within confinement settings across the country. Although the National PREA Standards do not specifically extend to tribal detention facilities, all confinement facilities, regardless of their obligations under PREA, are being held to a higher legal standard for the prevention of and response to sexual abuse and ... Read More
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2012
Document 027171
Widening the Circle: Can Peacemaking Work Outside of Tribal Communities? A Guide for Planning
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“The innovative power of tribal jurisprudence, which long ago discovered alternative dispute resolution methods, can continue to provide direct benefit to non-Indian sovereigns and their citizens. Enriching and reciprocal potential exists; it is only a matter of whether the non-Indian world is ready to learn and appreciate the customary wisdom in tribal common law—Gloria Valencia-Weber” (p. 1). This guide provides an excellent introduction to this effective conflict resolution process. Sections ... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 027529
The Role of Culture in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs for American Indian and Alaska Native Communities
By Legha, Rupinder Kaur; Novins, Douglas.
The necessity of incorporating cultural aspects of American Indians (AI) and Alaska Natives (AN) into alcohol and drug interventions targeted to these populations is examined. Results show how the role of AI/AN foundational beliefs and values influences specific cultural interventions, the adaptation of Western models, and the challenges faced. The combination of these factors will result in effective substance abuse treatment for individuals and groups. “The prominence of foundational beliefs ... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2012
Document 027529
The Role of Culture in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs for American Indian and Alaska Native Communities
By Legha, Rupinder Kaur; Novins, Douglas.
The necessity of incorporating cultural aspects of American Indians (AI) and Alaska Natives (AN) into alcohol and drug interventions targeted to these populations is examined. Results show how the role of AI/AN foundational beliefs and values influences specific cultural interventions, the adaptation of Western models, and the challenges faced. The combination of these factors will result in effective substance abuse treatment for individuals and groups. “The prominence of foundational beliefs ... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2012
Document 027256
Integrating Tribal Cultural Practices into Tribal Juvenile Detention Centers and Reentry Plans
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Resource Center (TJDR) (Washington, DC).
“Traditional cultural ceremonies and practices are integral parts of life for youth, families and communities across Indian Country. Cultural practices and ceremonies teach values of respect, responsibility, health and wellness. These teachings can be especially important for youth who are incarcerated, and those who are preparing to reenter their communities after serving time in a juvenile detention center. Cultural ceremonies and practices, including sweat lodges, talking circles, and storyte... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027399
School Engagement and Juvenile Offending Among Maltreated Youth Who Vary by Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Type of Child Maltreatment
By George, Thomas P.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC). Washington. Administrative Office of the Courts. Washington State Center for Court Research (Olympia, WA).
“Child maltreatment is a pervasive social problem affecting millions of children and their families every year. While past research has documented the short and long-term deleterious outcomes of abused and neglected children, variations in outcomes based on type of maltreatment, race/ethnicity, and gender are not well understood. This study explored the interrelationships of these variables on youths’ school engagement and juvenile criminal offending in a large, diverse sample followed prospecti... Read More
PDF
43 pages
2012
Document 027318
Privately Operated Federal Prisons for Immigrants: Expensive. Unsafe. Unneccessary
By Greene, Judith; Mazon, Alexis. Justice Strategies (Brooklyn, NY).
“Presented before a House of Representatives briefing sponsored by Rep. Jared Polis of Colorado on September 13, 2012, [this report] … chronicles the May 2012 Adams County Correctional Center uprising in Natchez, Mississippi, a private for-profit facility operated by Corrections Corporation of America [CCA], under contract with the Federal Bureau of Prisons.” Sections of this publication address: how lucrative federal prison contracts enrich Wall Street corporations; deadly conditions; the route... Read More
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24 pages
2012
Document 026671
Confinement for Technical Violations of Community Supervision: Is There an Effect on Felony Recidivism?
By Drake, E; Aos, S. Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) (Olympia, WA).
'The primary purpose of this report is to examine whether offenders who receive confinement as a sanction for a technical violation have different recidivism rates compared with similar offenders who violate conditions but are not confined' (p. 1). Sections of this publication following a summary are: background on community supervision; evaluation of confinement for violators; and evidence-based community supervision. Recidivism does not appear to reduce recidivism for offenders who are confine... Read More
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21 pages
2012
Document 026657
Family Guide to Getting Involved in Your Child's Education at a Juvenile Justice Facility
U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE). Student Achievement and School Accountability Programs (Washington, DC). American Institutes for Research. National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center (NDTAC) for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At Risk (Washington, DC).
'This guide was written for the parents, family members, and educational surrogate parents of youth who have been placed in a juvenile justice facility. During the time that your child lives there, the facility staff will be responsible for providing his or her schooling. Your child should attend classes in typical subjects along with other youth. The goal of this guide is to help you become more involved in your child's education while he or she is living at the juvenile justice facility' (p. 1... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 026630
Tribal Equity Toolkit: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country
Legal Aid Services of Oregon (LASO). Native American Program (Portland, OR); Lewis & Clark College. Graduate School of Education and Counseling. Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program (Portland, OR); Western States Center (Portland, OR).
“Two Spirit is a term in the English Language that attempts to incorporate and honor the hundreds of ancient, respectful, Native Language terms that were used for thousands of years within our Tribal societies. Two-Spirit is used to denote people who have special roles within our communities, our cultures, and our ceremonial life (p. 3) … This guide is intended to give tribal legislators a brief overview of legal issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and... Read More
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21 pages
2012
Document 026452
Immigration Offenders in the Federal Justice System, 2010
By Motivans, Mark. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This study “[p]resents data on criminal and civil immigration violations handled by the federal justice system. The report details recent trends in immigration apprehensions and arrests, processing of immigration matters in federal court, and correctional supervision of immigration offenders. It describes immigration violators by sex, age, country of origin, type of offense, prior criminal record, and geographic location where apprehended in the U.S. It looks at prosecution, adjudication, and se... Read More
PDF
44 pages
2012
Document 026674
Growing Up Locked Down: Youth in Solitary Confinement in Jails and Prisons Across the United States
American Civil Liberties Foundation (New York, NY); Human Rights Watch (New York, NY).
'This report describes the needless suffering and misery that solitary confinement frequently inflicts on young people; examines the justifications that state and prison officials offer for using solitary confinement; and offers alternatives to solitary confinement in the housing and management of adolescents' (p. 2). Sections in addition to a summary and highlights of key recommendations are: background'kids in an adult system; how solitary confinement harms youth; youth in solitary confinement... Read More
PDF
147 pages
2012
Document 026599
Jails in Indian Country, 2011
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Statistics and information regarding Indian country jails as of June 2011 are presented. Tables following the highlights from this report show: inmates, rated capacity, and percent of capacity occupied by facility, offense, conviction status, and sex; jails providing medical services; jails operating above 150% of capacity on their peak day; admissions and expected length of stay; jails with policies for screening inmates for HIV infection, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, mental health care, or... Read More
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40 pages
2012
Document 026616
Invisible in Isolation: The Use of Segregation and Solitary Confinement in Immigration Detention
By Perlmutter, Alexis; Corrdini, Mile; Fujio, Christy. Heartland Alliance. National Immigrant Justice Center (NIJC) (Chicago, IL); Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) (Cambridge, MA).
'This report, the first of its kind, aims to examine the use of segregation and solitary confinement in the immigration detention system, share individual experiences, and provide concrete recommendations to eradicate the use of solitary confinement, a practice that has proven unnecessary, costly, and harmful to detainees' physical and mental health' (p. 3). It is extremely important to remember that the 'purpose of immigration detention is not to punish people who have violated immigration laws... Read More
PDF
40 pages
2012
Document 026929
Effective Community-Based Supervision of Young Offenders
By Trotter, Chris. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, NSW).
The impact of seven evidence-based practices by individuals supervising juvenile offenders on the level of these offenders reoffending is examined. It offers valuable information for guiding the performance of individuals working with young offenders. This report includes these sections: literature review; methodology; results according to use of skills by workers and client recidivism, the use of other skills and client recidivism, and staff role and qualifications; and discussion. “It was foun... Read More
WEB
7 pages
2012
Document 026930
Seeking Safety: An Intervention for Trauma-Exposed Incarcerated Women?
By Lynch, Sharron M.; Heath, Nicole M.; Mathews, Kathleen C.; Cepeda, Galatia J. .
“Recent guidelines for incarcerated women's programming have called for interventions that address offenders' traumatic experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use in an integrated manner. Seeking Safety (SS) is an empirically supported cognitive behavioral manualized treatment for individuals with PTSD and substance use disorders” (p. 88). This article reports on the effectiveness of SS with incarcerated women. The research shows that SS is an effective intervention for... Read More
PDF
14 pages
2012
Document 027319
Improving the Carceral Conditions of Federal Immigrant Detainees
By Martin, Matthew J. .
The need to classify nonfederal facilities as government agents accountable under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) is explained. The following three sections make up this Note: recent trends in federal immigrant detention—detention in nonfederal prisons, and widespread abuse and neglect of federal immigrant detainees; legislative and executive intervention—motivated attributional biases concerning unpopular groups, and political power; and judicial remedies—suing nonfederal prisons, and suing ... Read More
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22 pages
2011
Document 025975
Preventing & Addressing Sexual Abuse in Tribal Detention Facilities: A Policy Development Guide
By Abner, Carrie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
“The purpose of this guide is to provide useful information to administrators of tribal jails, lockups, juvenile detention, and other correctional facilities, about corrections-based sexual abuse, the Prison Rape Elimination Act, and their role in addressing this issue through the development of appropriate policies and procedures … The guide provides background information on the problem of corrections-based sexual assault, the impact of sexual abuse victimization on inmate behavior, and the wa... Read More
PDF
76 pages
2011
Document 026181
Criminal Alien Statistics: Information on Incarcerations, Arrests, and Costs
U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
“This report addresses (1) the number and nationalities of incarcerated criminal aliens; (2) the types of offenses for which criminal aliens were arrested and convicted; and (3) the costs associated with incarcerating criminal aliens and the extent to which DOJ's methodology for reimbursing states and localities for incarcerating criminal aliens is current and relevant.” Statistics are provided for criminal alien incarcerations and nationalities, criminal alien arrests and convictions, estimated... Read More
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71 pages
2011
Document 026145
How to Value Multi-Cultural and Diverse Organizations
By McNamara, Carter. Authenticity Consulting, LLC (Minneapolis, MN).
“In today’s highly diverse organizations, the ability to work in diverse cultures is extremely important. An organization’s culture is driven by the values throughout that organization. Employees need to feel that their values are recognized, understood and respected. They need to feel that their ideas and concerns are being heard. Those conditions create strong motivation and momentum for strong performance in their jobs” (p. 1). This article explains how you can be an effective leader in a mul... Read More
WEB
3 pages
2011
Document 026147
Training and Development Policy Guidelines for Conducting Diversity Training
U.S. Office of Personnel Management (Washington, DC).
“This guidance is intended to assist agency managers and providers of Federally sponsored diversity training … with the design, delivery, and evaluation of diversity training” (p. 1). These guidelines are divided into two parts. “Part A—Introduction and Basic Guidelines for Diversity Training” covers general diversity training principles, goals of diversity training, and internal review and control. Sections of “Part B—Principles for Implementing Diversity Training” are: establish clearly stated... Read More
WEB
6 pages
2011
Document 026146
Strategic Planning for Diversity
By Gray, Jody. American Library Association (Chicago, IL).
While written for libraries, this is a great resource for those agencies wanting to create and implement a diversity plan. Sections of this resource are: building a diversity plan; building support; defining diversity; assessing need—the environmental scan; review other plans; mission and vision; priorities and goals; and accountability—evaluating and assessing the plan. Links to examples of pertinent documents and additional resources are liberally spread throughout this document making it a gr... Read More
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7 pages
2011
Document 026660
Men In Motion In the Community and the Philadelphia Latino Juvenile Justice Network: Reducing Disproportionate Minority Contact, Strengthening Reentry, and Building Community
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Council of La Raza (NCLR) (Washington, DC); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
The impact of Men in Motion in the Community (MIMIC) and the Latino Juvenile Justice Network (LJJN) on Philadelphia's Latino community is explained. 'MIMIC is a volunteer organization that aims to 'build bridges of community support and social bonds for Philadelphia's high risk youth, young adults, and previously incarcerated men through mentoring, community engagement, and educational enrichment'' (p. 4). LJJN aims to reduce disproportionate minority contact (DMC) through educating the communi... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2011
Document 026455
Exploring the Role of Responsivity and Assessment with Hispanic and American Indian Offenders
By Kane, Michael; Bechtel, Kristin; Revicki, Jesse; McLaughlin, Erin; McCall, Janice. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Community Resources for Justice (CRJ). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
“This report presents findings from an exploration of cultural responsivity in risk and needs assessment in community corrections agencies. As risk and needs assessment becomes more popular in community corrections, more researchers have begun to study issues involving the specific characteristics of offenders and how they interact with assessment and programming to impact outcomes, a concept commonly known as responsivity. In particular, two cultural groups were selected for study: Hispanics an... Read More
PDF
113 pages
2011
Document 027528
Use of the Evidence Base in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs for American Indians and Alaska Natives: Pursuing Quality in the Crucible of Practice and Policy
By Novins, Douglas K.; Aarons, Gregory A. ; Conti, Sarah G.; Dahlke, Dennis; Daw, Raymond; Fickenscher, Candace Fleming; Love, Craig; Masis, Kathleen; Spicer, Paul.
Observations presented during a panel discussion of experts regarding the detrimental effects of evidence-based treatment (EBT) with substance abusing American Indians (AI) and Alaska Natives (AN) are reported. Sections of this article include: background; focus of this debate; community, policy, and practice contexts; evidence-based treatments for substance abuse problems; lines of tension around substance abuse services for AI/AN communities; selected examples of evidence-based treatments for ... Read More
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12 pages
2011
Document 024917
Indian Country Criminal Justice: Departments of the Interior and Justice Should Strengthen Coordination to Support Tribal Courts
U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
A review of “the challenges facing selected tribal justice systems in adjudicating crime in Indian country as well as federal agencies’ efforts to coordinate their activities to support tribal justice systems” is presented (p. 2). Sections of this report are: highlights; background; the 12 tribes visited and the challenges they reported in adjudicating crime and the various federal efforts that exist to help address those challenges; the Departments of Interior and Justice’s actions to coordinat... Read More
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93 pages
2011
Document 024982
Misplaced Priorities: Over Incarceration, Under Educate
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Baltimore, MD).
Anyone worried about the state of education in the United States needs to read this report. A “policy agenda that will financially prioritize investments in education over incarceration, provide equal protection under the law, eliminate sentencing policies responsible for over incarceration, and advance public safety strategies that effectively increase healthy development in communities” is laid out (p. 1). Six sections follow an executive summary: introduction; America’s prison system—unfair a... Read More
PDF
62 pages
2011
Document 025047
Race, Crime, and Punishment: Breaking the Connection in America
By Lawrence, Keith O., editor. Open Society-New York (New York, NY); Ford Foundation (New York, NY). Aspen Institute (Washington, DC).
This is essential reading for anyone interested in the pervasive problems of sentencing disparity in the United States. The three major themes running through this book are: changing public perceptions of race, crime, and punishment; alternative visions, opportunities, and challenges for justice reformers; and moving toward a new deal for 21st Century criminal justice in the U.S. Chapters contained are: “The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness” by Michelle Alexander; “S... Read More
PDF
236 pages
2011
Document 025120
Desktop Guide for Tribal Probation Personnel: The Screening and Assessment Process
By Cobb, Kimberly A.; Mowatt, Mary Ann; Matz, Adam; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
"This guide is intended to provide tribal probation personnel with information on how the screening and assessment process can facilitate and promote offender accountability and long-term behavior change" (p. 2). Sections comprising this publication are: community corrections in context; the screening and assessment process; benefits of screening and assessment tools; choosing a tool; challenges to using assessment instruments; using screening and assessment results; and conclusion. Appendixes d... Read More
PDF
80 pages
2011
Document 025244
Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) Long Term Plan to Build and Enhance Tribal Justice Systems
U.S. Dept. of Justice (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of the Interior (Washington, DC); United States. Work Group on Corrections (Washington, DC).
Action steps and recommendations for implementing the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) are presented. “TOLA provides a critical opportunity to acquire the tools needed to build effective alternatives to incarceration and to improve incarceration and reentry strategies” (p. 5). Chapters comprising this report are: background; alternatives to incarceration in Indian Country—overview, strategies, alternatives to incarceration programs used, and recommendations for actions and strategies; detention i... Read More
PDF
49 pages
2011
Document 025275
Tribal Youth in the Federal Justice System: Final Report (Revised)
By Adams, William; Samuels, Julie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This report looks at issues related to American Indian youth in the federal justice system. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—overview of the federal justice system, federal jurisdiction involving juveniles, and understanding criminal jurisdiction in Indian Country; exploring current practice—arrest and investigation, prosecution, adjudication and disposition, detention (pre- and post-adjudication), pretrial and post-conviction supervision, and innovative strategies from ... Read More
PDF
204 pages
2011
Document 025468
Jails in Indian Country, 2010
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Statistics and information regarding Indian country jails as of June 2010 are presented. Tables, following highlights from this report, show inmate population, jails operating above 150% of capacity on their peak day, admissions and expected length of stay, persons employed by job function, and inmates, rated capacity, and percent of capacity occupied by facility, offense, conviction status, and sex. The number of Indian country jails increased 10% from 2004 to 2010 with 14 jails holding 51% of ... Read More
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18 pages
2011
Document 025587
Racial Critiques of Mass Incarceration: Beyond the New Jim Crow
By Forman, James, Jr..
“This Article argues that despite these important contributions, the Jim Crow analogy leads to a distorted view of mass incarceration” (p. 1). Eight parts are contained in this publication: a brief history of the “New Jim Crow”; the value of the Jim Crow analogy; oversimplifies the beginnings of mass incarceration; obscuring black support for punitive crime policy; obscuring violence; obscuring class; obscuring race; and obscuring the harms associated with the old Jim Crow.... Read More
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63 pages
2010
Document 025729
Tribal Probation: An Overview for Tribal Court Judges
By Cobb, Kimberly .; Mullins, Tracey G.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
More effective ways of addressing the misdemeanor offenses of tribal members is needed since incarceration does not play a great part in many tribal cultures. “This article is designed to provide tribal court judges with a general understanding of community supervision and how it can benefit tribal justice systems, as well as provide some insight into the role of community supervision officers” (p. 4). Topics discussed include: what community supervision is; benefits to the tribal justice system... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2010
Document 024315
Race and Justice Clearinghouse
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“Policymakers, practitioners, and advocates” will find “information, analysis, and commentary…crucial for understand[ing] racial disparities so they can be addressed, and make the criminal justice [and juvenile justice] system[s] more fair and effective.” You can search the database by keyword (s) or by using the advanced search—text only in a particular place (i.e., title, author, abstract), publication type, publications by the Sentencing Project, stages of the criminal justice system, additio... Read More
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2 p.
2010
Document 024656
Detained and at Risk: Sexual Abuse and Harassment in United States Immigration Detention
By Rhoad, Meghan. Human Rights Watch (New York, NY).
Numerous known incidents and serious allegations of sexual abuse in United Stated Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities “point to an urgent need for investigation and for swift action to correct glaring gaps in policies, practice, and oversight” (p.1). These sections follow an executive summary: background; international and U.S. law and standards; known incidents and allegations; challenges in policy, implementation, and oversight; and recommendations.... Read More
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24 p.
2010
Document 024723
Where Is the Fire? Immigrants and Crime in California
By Krisberg, Barry; Smith, Veronica. Berkeley Center for Criminal Justice (BCCJ) (Berkeley, CA).
This report is must reading for anyone concerned about the relationship of immigrants to criminal offenses. Topics discussed include: despite the heated political discourse crime is declining in California; the trend for California is almost identical for counties near the U.S.-Mexico border; and immigrants in California prisons. “The data in this paper confirms that there is no evidence that California is in the midst of a crime emergency as a result of substantial migration of persons born in ... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2010
Document 024710
Library Services in U.S. Immigration Detention Facilities
By Chin, Stephanie Lan.
Results from a survey of library services in U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities are presented. Nine chapters are contained in this thesis: introduction; introduction to immigration detention; access to legal materials and recreational library; library services in correctional facilities; standards for libraries in correctional facilities; ICE detention standards; libraries in immigration detention facilities; survey; and conclusion. Little information is forthcoming from ... Read More
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109 pages
2010
Document 024788
Strategies for Creating Offender Reentry Programs in Indian Country
American Indian Development Associates (Albuquerque, NM).
“The information presented in this document will assist tribal justice practitioners, administrators, and policymakers in designing and developing reentry strategies for adult and juvenile offenders returning to their tribal communities” (p. 5). Sections of this report include: introduction; historical overview; developing reentry programs in Indian Country—justice system, intervention and treatment, and community restoration; general reentry policy considerations—Tribal government responsibilit... Read More
PDF
55 pages
2010
Document 024822
The Intersectionality of Race, Gender, and Reentry: Challenges for African-American Women
By Brown, Geneva. American Constitution Society (ACS) (Washington, DC).
Individuals that work with African-American female offenders will find this publication of use. The challenges African-American women offenders must contend with that other populations do not have to cope with are discussed. This brief is divided into these sections: mass incarceration and the African-American community—the war on drugs created mass incarceration and reentry policies and challenges; intersectionality and problems for reentry of African-American women offenders—intersectionality,... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2010
Document 024826
The Racial Geography of the Federal Death Penalty
By Cohen, G. Ben; Smith, Robert J..
Anyone interested in issues related the death penalty should read this article. Sections following an abstract are: blacks are disproportionately impacted by federal death penalty prosecution, especially in counties demographically different from surrounding federal district; county-level juries, as opposed to juries drawn from the entire federal district, maintain the link between community values and the imposition of capital punishment; districts with the highest death sentencing rates tend t... Read More
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68 pages
2010
Document 024875
Risk as Proxy for Race
By Harcourt, Bernard E.. University of Chicago. Law School (Chicago, IL).
The author explains why “the use of risk-assessment tools to decrease prison populations, first, will unquestionably aggravate the already intolerable racial imbalance in our prison populations (at least in the United States) and second, will not address the real source of mass incarceration, namely the front-end admissions process” (p. 2). Sections of this paper include: cautionary tales on prediction; from race to risk and prior criminal history as a proxy for skin color—race as an early predi... Read More
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14 pages
2010
Document 024855
Separate But Unequal: The Federal Criminal Justice System in Indian Country
By Eid, Troy A.; Doyle, Carrie Covington.
The existence of the “separate but unequal” federal criminal justice system that violates the Equal Protection rights of Native Americans in Indian Country is discussed. These sections follow an abstract: the Major Crimes Act (MCA)—federal band-aid to the “Indian problem”; the dysfunctional architecture of criminal justice today—federal roles and responsibilities, harsher punishments for the same crimes, lack of federal judicial access, and the chronic federal resource gap; eliminating “separate... Read More
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51 pages
2010
Document 024901
Improving the Administration of Justice in Tribal Communities through Information Sharing and Resource Sharing
By Cobb, Kimberly; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
The challenges faced by tribal, state, and federal justice systems in sharing information and resources and strategies for successfully linking these resources together so that pretrial, probation, and parole officers can be effective in the performance of their jobs are discussed. Sections comprising this report include: background—tribal justice challenges; logistics; definitions; information sharing—what information needs to be shared, advantages to sharing information, obstacles and barriers... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2010
Document 026672
Report on the Activities of the Institutional Corrections Research Network, 2007-2009
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) (Middletown, MD).
The National Institute of Corrections 'has incorporated outcome measures and performance standards into the work that they do across the country to determine if those activities were having an impact and benefiting the field ' One of the primary means by which NIC approached this work was through the development of the Institutional Corrections Research Network (ICRN) ' a group of correctional administrators and corrections researchers that meets annually to discuss research in the field of corr... Read More
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46 pages
2010
Document 028263
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Deportation
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"The deportation rates of trans and gender non-conforming immigrants are disproportionately higher than those of non-trans identified immigrants. This diagram attempts to explore the various reasons why this is happening."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028265
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Incarceration
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"This diagram illustrates how overpolicing and profiling of low income people and of trans and gender non-conforming people intersect, producing a far higher risk than average of imprisonment, police harassment, and violence for low income trans people."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028266
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Poverty and Homelessness
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"Transgender and gender non-conforming people are much more likely to be poor or homeless than the average person. This flow chart shows how various factors combine into an interlocking system that keep many trans and gender non-conforming people in situations that are vulnerable and unequal."... Read More
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1 page
2009
Document 023878
Large Jail Network Meeting, March 29-31. 2009, Aurora, Colorado
By Clem, Constance. Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; meeting take-aways in brief; illegal alien programs; proactive discipline, part 2; PREA update; intersex and transgender issues; Legal Issues in Jails--2009; open forum; announcements; LJN business; final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
61 p.
2008
Document 022990
Large Jail Network Meeting, March 2-4, 2008, Aurora, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; key themes; session highlights; opening remarks; open forum; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement 287(g) Program; contract services; media relations; workforce development; Legal Issues in Jails--2008; LJN business; final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
84 p.
2007
Document 027744
Asking the Right Questions 2: Talking with Clients about Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Mental Health, Counseling and Addiction Settings
By Barbara, Angela M.; Doctor, Farzana; Chaim, Gloria. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) (Toronto, Ontario).
“This manual will help therapists/counsellors create an environment where lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, two-spirit, intersex, and queer (LGBTTTIQ) clients feel comfortable identifying themselves as such. This will allow therapists/counsellors to: best assess the specific needs of LGBTTTIQ clients; engage these clients in a positive treatment process; develop specifically tailored treatment plans; [and] make appropriate referrals” (p. 1). Sections comprising this guide inclu... Read More
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72 pages
2005
Document 020748
Project Guide: Juvenile Facility Design
By McMillen, Michael. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
"[I]nformation on operational and design issues that significantly influence the quality of residential services to youthful populations" is provided. Topics discussed include: analysis of need; safety, security, and management priorities; environmental character; daily programming activities and opportunities; planning and design process; and helpful hints.... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2005
Document 020749
Project Guide: The NEPA Land Use Process for Proposed Development of Correctional Facilities in Indian Country
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ); Langan Engineering and Environmental Services, Inc. (Elmwood Park, NY).
Compliance issues proposed correctional facilities in Indian Country face with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 are explained. The NEPA Environmental Assessment (EA) process requires: initiation of the NEPA analysis; development of an EA; the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI); Environmental Impact Statement (EIS); Record of Decision (ROD); and implementing the decision.... Read More
PDF
17 p.
2005
Document 020745
Project Guide: Best Practices -- In-Custody Programs for Juveniles and Adults
By Trotti, Trudie. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
Seventeen best practice in-custody programs (the "placement in residential program that restrict offender access to the community") are described (p. 7). Programs highlighted are: Aggression Replacement Training; B-Cultural Substance Abuse Curriculum; Cognitive Skills Training; Correctional Services of Canada's Aboriginal Sex Offender Program; Family Connections Project; Literacy Programs in Canadian prisons; Mettanokit Prison Program; Native Clan Organizational Correctional Programs; Okimaw Oh... Read More
PDF
46 p.
2005
Document 020746
Project Guide: Design Review
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
"[E]specially useful during schematic design, "this pamphlet offers assistance through the often challenging design review process (p. 7). Sections of this booklet are: how to use this project guide; Tribal involvement from project initiation through occupancy; who is involved in design review?; reading architect's drawings; saving time and money; Jail Design Review Checklist; and getting it right.... Read More
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18 p.
2005
Document 020747
Project Guide: Existing Facility Evaluations
By Fuller, Cheryl. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The process of evaluating an existing facility is explained. This guide is comprised of the following sections: overview; when to evaluate an existing facility; who should participate in the evaluation; how to conduct a facility evaluation; Evaluation Checklist; and decisions that follow the evaluation.... Read More
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26 p.
2005
Document 020750
Project Guide: Objective Classification Analysis
By Rubin, Ira. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The use of an objective classification system (OCS) is described. This guide explains: classification analysis in general; designing a classification system; benefits of implementing a classification system; potential drawbacks of objective classification; some additional considerations; identifying individuals with substance abuse/dependence issues; and balancing objectivity and practicality.... Read More
PDF
17 p.
2005
Document 020751
Project Guide: Population Profiles, Population Projections and Bed Needs Projections
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
Three parts of a Needs Assessment, which "is conducted to determine, verify, and/or quantify the need for greater capacity, a different type of facility, a new facility or expansion and renovation of an existing facility," are explained (p. 2). Sections contained in this guide are: overview; population profiles; population projections; and bed needs projections.... Read More
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14 p.
2005
Document 020752
Project Guide: Selecting an Architect -- Developing RFQs and RFPs
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ); Crabtree-Rohrbaugh and Associates (Mechanicsburg, PA).
The process involved in developing and announcing a Request for Proposals (RFP) or Request for Qualifications (RFQ) is summarized. Sections comprising this guide include: overview; RFQ versus RFP; architect selection committee; determination of Tribe's needs and goals; development of project scope of work or RFP's; compiling a listing of architects; writing the RFP; a typical RFQ/RFP; customizing an RFP/RFQ; development of a rating system; finalizing the RFQ/RFP; publishing the RFP/RFQ; receivi... Read More
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22 p.
2005
Document 020753
Project Guide: Site Selection
By DeFrancis, Paul. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The process of site selection is explained. Topics discussed in this guide are: identifying potential sites in general; selecting the team to find the site; developing site evaluation criteria; developing the site checklist; evaluating sites; and selecting the site. Also included is a sample site criteria and evaluation checklist.... Read More
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13 p.
2005
Document 020754
Project Guide: Tribal Justice System Assessment
By Martin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) Demarest, NJ).
"[D]irection to tribal jurisdictions interested in conducting a justice system assessment for the purposes of addressing systemic issues raised in the development of detention and correctional facilities" is provided (p. 7). This guide is comprised of the following sections: introduction; what a justice assessment is; impact of the justice system assessment on detention and corrections bed space needs; approach to conducting a system assessment; steps in the assessment process; unique character... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2005
Document 020742
Project Guide: Adult Correctional Facility Design Resources
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
This document contains brief descriptions of 21 references pertaining to the planning and designing of adult correctional and detention facilities.... Read More
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13 p.
2005
Document 020743
Project Guide: Alternatives to Incarceration of Offenders
By Martin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
The use of Alternative Programs ("a broad and varied array of alternatives to detention and incarceration") in Indian Country is explained (p. 7). Sections of this guide include: introduction; practical issues related to alternatives sanctions; effective justice system planning; key decision-making points in case processing; case management; and descriptions of alternative programs and strategies.... Read More
PDF
22 p.
2005
Document 020744
Project Guide: Assessment of Project Status & Technical Assistance Needs
By DeFrancis, Paul. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
A checklist for assessing the Tribe's progress through the facility development process is provided. Activities tracked include team development, planning, programming, site selection, environmental review; consultant selection, design, construction, transition planning and facility activation, and project contact persons.... Read More
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18 p.
2002
Document 017842
Tribal Resource Guide
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Corrections Program Office (Washington, DC).
Program/Agency contact, program objectives, applicant eligibility, eligible beneficiaries, and types of assistance available from 15 federal agencies are provided. Appendixes contain information about: Indian Tribal entities (within the contiguous 48 states) recognized and eligible to receive services from the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs; recognized and eligible Native entities within Alaska; U.S. Department websites; criminal justice and substance abuse resources, information, and technical a... Read More
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112 p.
1999
Document 015235
Managing Conflict in the Workplace [Satellite/Internet Broadcast on April 7, 1999]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
Among the more difficult challenges existing within personnel management is conflict resolution. This videoconference focuses upon managing conflict in a correctional setting. The panel of experts presents information on the history of workplace conflict, how to identify potential and actual sources of conflict, strategies for agencies to manage workplace conflict and prevent or reduce litigation, methods for agencies to assess their effectiveness in managing conflict, and resources for furt... Read More

1 DVD (120 min.)
1994
Document 012134
Manual of Native American Religious Practices in Secure Confinement
By Guilfoyle, Michael H.; Kisto, Rose Ann. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Nebraska Commission on Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Lincoln, NE).
This manual provides basic information and guidance about the religious practices of Native American Indians in secure confinement. Background information on Native American offenders, historical factors, and the role of religion in rehabilitation is discussed. The manual then reviews religious objects, ceremonial purposes, cultural aspects and spiritual beliefs. It also discusses suicide prevention and provides recommended correctional policies and procedures for working with the Native America... Read More
PDF
38 p.
1993
Document 011168
GDC Diversity
By Kerr, Carroll Saylor. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Georgia Dept. of Corrections (Atlanta, GA).
This document aims to discover the attitudes toward cultural diversity within the Georgia Department of Corrections (GDC). The first exercise is used to determine the employees' perceptions of GDC's awareness of and responses to cultural diversity. A sample of the cultural diversity and climate assessment survey is included, along with a recommended protocol for focused interviews. Also contains an extensive list of references.... Read More
PDF
33 p.
1992
Document 010648
Cultural Diversity: Training for Trainers
National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections (Longmont, CO). National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections. Central and Southern Regional Field Coordinators (N.P.); Eastern Kentucky University. Training Resource Center (Richmond, KY).
Targeted for criminal justice professionals who train, this curriculum demonstrates communication skills that strengthen positive interaction, evaluates the impact of individual cultural perspectives and personal beliefs on the effectiveness of interacting with others, and identifies positive and negative relationships that are impacted by cultural diversity in the work place. Section topics include creating a common understanding, what it means to be different in your organization, communicati... Read More
PDF
ca. 140 p. + 1 videocassette (9 min.); VHS
1989
Document 007490
Task Force on Women, Children, and the Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Connecticut General Assembly. Task Force on Women, Children, and the Criminal Justice System (Hartford, CT); Connecticut. The Permanent Commission on the Status of Women (Hartford, CT).
The Task Force was established in 1987 to examine issues surrounding female offenders and their children, and the impact of the justice system from arrest to re-entry into the community. This document includes both an executive summary, and final report and recommendations.... Read More
PDF
90 p.
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