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Date Title Type
2014
Document 027874
Environmental Scan 2013 8th Edition
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 8th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potentially will ... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2014
Document 028343
Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2011
By Hockenberry, Sarah. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
Results are presented from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP). "CJRP presents a detailed picture of the young people in residential placement across the nation—including age, race, gender, offenses, adjudication status, and more … Although findings of the 2011 survey are generally positive—the population of juvenile offenders in residential placement has declined 42% since 1997, and the number of status offenders in residential placement was down 64% from 1997—this bulletin ... Read More

16 pages
2013
Document 027728
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2012
By Maruschak, Laura M.; Bonczar, Thomas P.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole during 2012. The report describes trends in the overall community supervision population and reports on change in the probation and parole populations. It provides statistics on the number of offenders entering and exiting probation and parole and their average length of stay. The report describes the outcomes of supervision, including the rate at which offenders completed their term of supervi... Read More
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22 pages
2013
Document 027398
Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2010
By Hockenberry, Sarah; Sickmund, Melissa. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“The CJRP [Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement] presents a detailed picture of the young people who are held in custody across the nation—including age, race, gender, offenses, adjudication status, and more … Findings from the 2010 CJRP appear positive. The population of juvenile offenders in custody has declined by one-third since 1997, and the number of status offenders in custody was down 52% from 1997. There are still areas for improvement, however, especially as regards rates of c... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027454
Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT)—Prisoners
By Carson, E. Ann; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) on inmates under the jurisdiction of both federal and state correctional authorities … The pre-set Quick Tables show you trends in prisoner statistics and provide links to key tables in the most recent BJS publication on the U.S. prisoner population. If you would like more detail, use the Custom Tables to analyze yearend populations, admissions, or releases. You can create custom tables of yearend populations by... Read More
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2013
Document 027453
PREA Essentials
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“The PREA Resource Center (PRC) designed this PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act] Essentials Page to guide professionals in their implementation of specific standards; therefore, this page is organized by standards categories … Each category contains: (1) a brief synopsis summarizing the standards in that category, (2) links to an online version of those standards, (3) links to helpful resources related to those standards sorted by correctional facility type, and (4) where relevant, a discussion ... Read More
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26 pages
2013
Document 027455
Prisoners in 2012—Advance Counts
By Carson, E. Ann; Golinelli, Daniela. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“Presents advance counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program. This advance report provides a timely estimate of the 2012 yearend prison populations and compares changes in the prison population during 2012 to changes from yearend 2002 through yearend 2011. The report describes the third consecutive year of decline in the state prison population and growth in the federal priso... Read More
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17 pages
2013
Document 027455
Prisoners in 2012—Advance Counts
By Carson, E. Ann; Golinelli, Daniela. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“Presents advance counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program. This advance report provides a timely estimate of the 2012 yearend prison populations and compares changes in the prison population during 2012 to changes from yearend 2002 through yearend 2011. The report describes the third consecutive year of decline in the state prison population and growth in the federal priso... Read More
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17 pages
2013
Document 027359
Deaths in Custody in Australia to 30 June 2011: Twenty Years of Monitoring by the National Deaths in Custody Program Since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody
By Lyneham, Mathew; Chan, Andy. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, ACT).
“Compiled for two decades by the Australian Institute of Criminology, this report found both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous rates of deaths in custody have decreased over the last decade and are now some of the lowest ever seen (0.16 per 100 Indigenous prisoners and 0.22 per 100 non-Indigenous prisoners in 2010–11) … While Indigenous prisoners continue to be statistically less likely to die in custody than non-Indigenous prisoners, there is a concerning trend emerging, as the actual number of... Read More
WEB
222 pages
2013
Document 027362
PTSD, Trauma, and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Detained Youth
By Abram, Kren M.; Teplin, Linda A.; King, Devon C.; Longworth, Sandra L.; Emanuel, Kristin M.; Romero, Erin G.; McClelland, Gary M.; Dulcan, Mina K.; Washburn, Jason J.; Welty, Leah J.; Olson, Nichole D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“This bulletin examines the results of the Northwestern Juvenile Project—a prospective longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL. The authors discuss their findings on the prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among juvenile detainees and PTSD’s tendency to co-occur with other psychiatric disorders” (p. 1). Sections of this bulletin include: highlights; methods—measures; findings about trauma (overall rates,... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027293
Minimum Standards for Mental Health Services in Correctional Settings
By Livingston, Jamie.
Even though this presentation was given to a Canadian audience, it has a lot of great information for correctional agencies in the United States. Issues related to providing services to mentally ill offenders are covered. Topics discussed include: the problem; the cause; ways to meet the needs of this population in correctional settings while also reducing recidivism; the 2010 report “Mental Health and Drug and Alcohol Addiction in the Federal Correctional System”; seven core elements for a ment... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2013
Document 027727
Prisoners In 2012: Trends In Admissions And Releases, 1991-2012
By Carson, E. Ann. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “final counts on prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program. The report expands on the statistics presented in the advance report in July 2013. It includes tables on the number of noncitizen inmates, inmates under age 18 in the custody of state or federal prisons, and prison capacity for each state and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. It also focuses on trends in pri... Read More
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44 pages
2013
Document 027726
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012
By Glaze, Lauren E.; Herberman, Erinn J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “data from various correctional collections to provide statistics on the number of offenders supervised by the adult correctional systems in the United States. Adult correctional systems include offenders supervised in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies and inmates held in state and federal prisons or local jails. The report examines the size and change in the total correctional population, the impact of changes in the community supervision and... Read More
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13 pages
2012
Document 026820
Prisoners in 2011
By Carson, E. Ann; Sabol, William J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents data on prisoners under the jurisdiction of federal and state correctional authorities on December 31, 2011, collected from the National Prisoner Statistics series. The report compares changes in the prison population during 2011 to changes from yearend 2000 through yearend 2010. It explores factors leading to the second straight year of decline in the state prison population, as well as continued growth in the federal prison population. Findings cover data on decreasing admissions and... Read More
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34 pages
2012
Document 026812
The Growth & Increasing Cost of the Federal Prison System: Drivers and Potential Solutions
By La Vigne, Nancy; Samuels, Juli. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
The burgeoning costs associated with incarcerating more and more individuals in the United States Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is examined. Topics discussed include: federal prison population growth has multiple impacts; projected population growth; prison being expensive; opportunity costs created by growth; the main drivers are front-end decisions about who goes to prisons and for how long; drug offenders make up half of the federal prison population; supervision violations make up at least 15% of ... Read More
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8 pages
2012
Document 026806
Correctional Populations In The United States, 2011
By Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents summary data on the number of offenders under the supervision of the adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2011. Persons supervised by the adult correctional systems include those in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies that supervise adults and those in the custody of state or federal prisons or local jails. The report provides statistics on the size and change in the total correctional population, by correctional status, during 2011. ... Read More
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10 pages
2011
Document 025486
Prisoners in 2010
By Guerino, Paul; Harrison, Paige M.; Sabol, William J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Information regarding individuals in state and federal prisons through December 31, 2010 is presented. Statistical tables cover: prisoners under the jurisdiction of state or federal correctional facilities by gender; sentenced prisoners by jurisdiction by gender; imprisonment rates of sentenced prisoners; sentenced prisoners admitted; sentenced prisoners released; sentenced prisoners admitted and released; estimated number of sentenced prisoners by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age; estimated ... Read More
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38 pages
2011
Document 025520
Correctional Population in the United States, 2010
By Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This report provides summary data on the total population under the supervision of the adult correctional systems and highlights significant changes in the components of the population.” (p. 1). Data is provided regarding: total population under supervision and annual percent change from 1980 to 2010; defining adult correctional systems; community supervision and incarcerated populations which declined for the second consecutive year; prison populations—a comparison between the jurisdiction and ... Read More
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9 pages
2011
Document 025518
Juvenile Arrests 2009
By Puzzanchera, Charles; Adams, Benjamin. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
This publication provides a “comprehensive statistical overview of the problems of juvenile crime, violence, and victimization and the response of the juvenile justice system” (p. 1). Data show that juvenile crime is not on the rise. Arrests of juveniles for violent offenses dropped 10% from 2008 to 2009. Since arrest rates hit their peak in 1994, there has been a decline of almost 50%. Yet, the juvenile arrest rate for simple assault, which is the most common juvenile crime against people, has... Read More
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24 pages
2011
Document 025521
Correctional Population in the United States, 1985 - 2010
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents data on the number of persons in the United States who were under some form of correctional supervision."... Read More
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2011
Document 025490
An Examination of Admissions, Exits and End-of-the-Year Populations of Adult Female Inmates in the Illinois Department of Corrections, State Fiscal Years 1989 – 2011
By Olson, David E.; Escobar, Gipsy; Stalans, Loretta. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL); Loyola University Chicago. Dept. of Criminal Justice and Criminology (Chicago, IL).
Trends seen over a 23 year period for Illinois’ female inmate population are described. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; total admission, exits, and end of the year population of females; distinguishing between court admission and technical violation of MSR (mandatory supervised release) admissions; female court admissions by felony class and crime type; characteristics of female prison admissions; differences between admissions and end-of-the-year populations; reci... Read More
PDF
33 pages
2011
Document 025593
Arrest-Related Deaths, 2003-2009 - Statistical Tables
By Burch, Andrea M.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Information regarding the “circumstances of deaths that occur during, or shortly after, state or local law enforcement officers engage in an arrest or restraint process” is presented. Sixty-one percent (61%) of arrest-related deaths were due to homicides by law enforcement personnel, with 11% due to suicide, 11% due to intoxication, 6% due to accidental injuries, and 5% due to natural causes.... Read More
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16 pages
2011
Document 025630
Environmental Scan 2011
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 6th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
PDF
40 pages
2011
Document 025827
World Prison Population List
By Walmsley, Roy. King's College London. International Centre for Prison Studies (London, England).
The number of prisoners held in 218 independent countries and dependent territories is reported. Over 10.1 million people are incarcerated, with 23% held in the Unites States. The U.S. has the highest prison population rate of 743 per 100,000 of its national population followed by Rwanda (595 per 100,000). Rates below 150 per 100,000 are experienced by 54% of the countries reviewed.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2011
Document 025985
Youth in Minnesota Correctional Facilities: Responses to the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey
By Swayze, Dana; Buskovick, Danette. Minnesota Dept. of Public Safety. Office of Justice Programs. Statistical Analysis Center (St. Paul, MN).
Results from a survey comparing youth in correctional facilities to youth in mainstream schools are presented. “Exploring differences between the two student groups can provide information on what challenges youth in correctional facilities are facing, and what targeted intervention efforts may alleviate their personal or situational difficulties. Similarly, areas in which survey responses are the same for both groups can illuminate protective factors all youth possess, or risk factors to which ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2011
Document 025986
Girls in Minnesota Correctional Facilities: Responses to the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey
By Swayze, Dana; Buskovick, Danette. Minnesota Dept. of Public Safety. Office of Justice Programs. Statistical Analysis Center (St. Paul, MN).
“This report seeks to illuminate statistically significant differences in responses between girls and boys in correctional facilities; to explore how these data are relevant to research on juvenile justice risk factors by gender; and to provide research-based recommendations for serving the specific needs of juvenile female offenders” (p. 2). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; findings for girls in Minnesota correctional facilities according to demographics, victimization... Read More
PDF
46 pages
2010
Document 024466
Captive Constituents: Prison-Based Gerrymandering & the Distortion of Our Democracy
NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF) (New York, NY).
This report explains how counting inmates as citizens of the area the facility resides for the census, gerrymandering, “artificially inflates the population count—and thus, the political influence—of the districts where prison and jails are located [while it also]…reduces the political power of everyone else” (p.2). Topics covered by this report include: prisoners are not constituents of the district where they are incarcerated; prisoners remain members of their home communities; gerrymandering ... Read More
PDF
10 p.
2010
Document 024620
Prison Count 2010: State Population Declines for the First Time in 38 Years
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
The 0.3% drop in the number of individuals held in U.S. prisons (from December 31, 2008 to December 31, 2009) is discussed. Sections of this brief cover the wide range of state trends, what is driving the decline, the continued growth in federal institutions, and the whether the decline will last.... Read More
PDF
9 p.
2010
Document 025377
Delaware Juvenile Detention Facilities Population Review
By O’Connell, John P., Jr.; Rodriguez-Labarca, Jorge. Delaware Office of Management and Budget. Statistical Analysis Center (Dover, DE).
This report provides information about the juvenile detention population in Delaware. You can use these statistics for comparison to your own agency. Delaware’s juvenile detention population is at its lowest level in over ten years with the number of this population decreasing 58% since 2002. The “understanding of “how” to affect these changes did not come out of a box or from the mimicking of other jurisdictions’ best practices, but out of a gradual awareness of the Delaware juvenile justice c... Read More
PDF
12 pages
1996
Document 003016
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 1996
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Focusing on issues surrounding deaths in the jail setting, this meeting presented seven seminars, titled: 1. The Dilemma of jail deaths; 2. Overview of dynamics of jail population; 3. Preventing in-custody deaths; 4. Resources available for dying inmates; 5. Community and media relations in the context of in-custody deaths; 6. Coping with staff deaths; and 7. The crime bill and its effect on corrections.... Read More
PDF
44 p.
1995
Document 012219
Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Oregon Dept. of Corrections. Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Group (Salem, OR).
The Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Group compiled and analyzed qualitative and quantitative information on women offenders, the criminal justice decision making process, and programming resources available to women offenders in Oregon. This document describes the project process and presents the Policy Group's findings, observations, and recommendations. Topics covered include: supervision, probation, parole, trend data, offender demographics, and staff training.... Read More
PDF
100 p.
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