U.S. Department of Justice

Browsing Documents Related to 'Pretrial Release'

Show Only NIC Documents

You might also try...

  • Pretrial Detention
  • Pretrial Diversion
  • Pretrial Services
  • Pretrial Diversion Programs
  • Pretrial Research
  • Pretrial Risk Assessment

Topic Results by Date


Date Title Type
2015
Document 029828
State Pretrial Release Legislation Database
Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, Texas). National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
This is the place to look for significant pretrial legislation enacted by states starting in 2012. You can search by topic, state, keyword, status (adopted, enacted, override pending, pending, and to governor), bill number, year, and author. Topics are: Bond Forfeiture and Conditions Violations; Budget, Oversight, and Administration; Citation in Lieu of Arrest; Commercial Bond Regulation; Conditions of Pretrial Release; Court Guidance for Release Determinations; Diversion Programs; Eligibility f... Read More

2015
Document 029826
Trends in Pretrial Release: State Legislation
By Widgery, Amber. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (New York, NY). National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
"State laws provide a framework for judges and other local officials to determine who is eligible for [pretrial] release and under what conditions. In recent years, state legislation has concentrated largely on individualizing the pretrial process by focusing on specific defendants or offense categories. From 2012 to 2014, 261 new laws in 47 states addressed pretrial policy" (p. 1). This document provides an overview of these legislative enactments. Sections cover pretrial legislation by: risk a... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 030032
County Jails at a Crossroads: An Examination of the Jail Population and Pretrial Release
By Ortiz, Natalie. National Association of Counties (NACo) (Washington, DC).
"This study is the first to examine the participation of county jails in pretrial release. The report identifies the pretrial status and risk level of the county jail population and variations across counties of different population sizes. Further, this research analyzes the challenges that county jails face with their pretrial and overall jail population. The study details to what extent county jails use community based programs to release pretrial detainees from confinement in jail and supervi... Read More

23 pages
2015
Document 029986
What Are Drug Courts? The Most Effective Justice Strategy Addressing the Drug-Addicted and Mentally Ill …
National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) (Alexandria, VA).
This website provides information about drug courts. Sections cover: how drug courts work; who is eligible; what drug courts do what drug courts need; types of drug courts with definitions for adult drug court, veterans treatment court, DWI court, family dependency treatment court (family drug court), federal district drug court (federal reentry court), juvenile drug court, reentry court, reentry drug court, and tribal healing to wellness court; problem solving courts using the drug court model ... Read More

2015
Document 029982
The Costs of Pretrial Justice
Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Crime and Justice Institute (CJI) (Boston, MA).
This "series of briefs which explore the costs of pretrial justice and how those costs can be effectively mitigated through risk-based decision making." "The Cost of Pretrial Justice: This brief highlights costs that local stakeholders should consider when developing pretrial policies and programs, outlines some of the trade-offs policy makers face when allocating scarce resources, and points to the need to apply cost-benefit analysis to pretrial decision making." "Pretrial Justice: Costs and ... Read More

2015
Document 029995
Pretrial Assistance to California Counties: (PACC): Humboldt County Technical Assistance Report
Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Crime and Justice Institute (CRI) (Oakland, CA).
"This report provides an overview of technical assistance process and results in Humboldt County. It describes CJI work with Humboldt County officials to identify goals, make process improvements, and measure outcomes. It also describes challenges for Humboldt County—and potentially for other California jurisdictions—as they work to improve the pretrial justice system going forward." Sections of this publication include: introduction; background; California Policy Reform—Senate Bill 678 and Asse... Read More

9 pages
2015
Document 029996
Washington Corrections Center for Women TEDx Talks
Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) (Gig Harbor, WA).
This website provides access to TEDx videos given at the Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) "Does Gender Matter" event on March 14, 2015. Topics range from the "Northern Cree Women's Honor Song" by the Broken Wing Center, "Tell Me You Don’t See" by Tiffany Williams, "Summon Your Courage" by Cathryn Cummings, "The Hard Stuff" by Felice Davis, "Judging Societie by Women's Prison" by Emily Salisbury, to "Coming to a Neighborhood Near Your" by Marriam Oliver". There are 21 talks.... Read More

2015
Document 029996
Washington Corrections Center for Women TEDx Talks
Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) (Gig Harbor, WA).
This website provides access to TEDx videos given at the Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) "Does Gender Matter" event on March 14, 2015. Topics range from the "Northern Cree Women's Honor Song" by the Broken Wing Center, "Tell Me You Don’t See" by Tiffany Williams, "Summon Your Courage" by Cathryn Cummings, "The Hard Stuff" by Felice Davis, "Judging Societie by Women's Prison" by Emily Salisbury, to "Coming to a Neighborhood Near Your" by Marriam Oliver". There are 21 talks.... Read More

2015
Document 029999
Pretrial Risk Assessment: Science Provides Guidance on Assessing Defendants
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This issue brief covers: what an empirically-derived pretrial risk assessment tool is; why it is important to know a defendant's risk level; what these tools look like; how empirically-derived pretrial risk assessment tools are developed; what pretrial risk tools tell us about typical success rates by risk level; the number of places that use empirically-derived pretrial risk assessment tool; how we know these tools work; whether there is such a thing as a universal pretrial risk assessment tool... Read More

6 pages
2015
Document 031314
Risk-Based Pretrial Release Recommendations and Supervision Guidelines: Exploring the Effect on Officer Recommendations, Judicial Decision-Making, and Pretrial Outcome
By Danner, Mona J.E.; VanNostrand, Marie; Spruance, Lisa M.. Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL).
"The Virginia Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument (VPRAI), known nationally as the "Virginia Model," was the first research-based statewide pretrial risk assessment in the country. The VPRAI examines eight risk factors that are weighted to create a risk score, and defendants are assigned to one of five risk levels ranging from low to high that represent the likelihood of pretrial failure. Although Pretrial Services staff consider the results of the VPRAI, there was previously no guidance for ma... Read More

51 pages
2015
Document 031460
CCCN LIVE National Forum Discussion [Webinar]
By Nunes, Phil; Qazilbash, Ruby; Marlowe, Doug; Rosenberg, Steve; McDonnell, Maureen; Jenkins, Mack; Green, Katie; Burke, Susan; Crawford, Greg. Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Objectives: highlight federal resources available to community corrections and criminal justice agencies; define service needs of justice-involved individuals; showcase a local example of collaboration and resources utilization—San Diego County Probation; and engage the criminal justice system in a live discussion about the resources available, how to access funding, receive technical assistance, and to motivate our leaders to want to do more.... Read More

91 minutes
2015
Document 032627
Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses at the Pretrial Stage: Essential Elements
By Fader-Towe, Hallie; Osher, Fred C.. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Council of State Government (CSG). Justice Center (New York, NY).
"This report introduces essential elements for responding to people with mental illnesses at the pretrial stage, including decisions about pretrial release and diversion. These elements encourage data collection not only to help individual communities, but also for future researchers who are dedicated to these important questions."... Read More

42 pages
2014
Document 028360
Fundamentals of Bail: A Resource Guide for Pretrial Practitioners and a Framework for American Pretrial Reform
By Schnacke, Timothy R.. NIC-13CS02GK04. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"Pretrial justice requires that those seeking it be consistent with both their vision and with the concept of pretrial best practices, and this document is designed to help further that goal. It can be used as a resource guide, giving readers a basic understanding of the key areas of bail and the criminal pretrial process and then listing key documents and resources necessary to adopt a uniform working knowledge of legal and evidence-based practices in the field. Hopefully, however, this documen... Read More

119 pages
2014
Document 029517
Money as a Criminal Justice Stakeholder: The Judge’s Decision to Release or Detain a Defendant Pretrial
By Schnacke, Timothy R.. NIC-13CS02GK04. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"The future of pretrial justice in America will come partly from our deliberative focus on our judges’ decisions to release or detain a criminal defendant pretrial and from our questioning of whether our current constitutional and statutory bail schemes are either helping or hindering those decisions … we recognize that we also need a fair and transparent scheme allowing the preventive detention of higher risk defendants without "bail," or judges will continue to be forced to use money to accomp... Read More

66 pages
2014
Document 029649
Pretrial Services: An Effective Alternative to Monetary Bail
By Lam, Courtney. Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (CJCJ) (New York, NY).
"In an attempt to reduce jail overcrowding, attention is turning to the 63 percent of people held in county jails who have not been convicted of a crime. Many of these people are waiting for their day in court in jail — not because they pose a risk to public safety, but simply because they cannot afford to post bail … This publication examines the challenges of relying on a monetary bail system and highlights existing solutions, such as pretrial services, that save money, reduce racial dispariti... Read More
_blank
7 pages
2014
Document 028258
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Pretrial System: A "Front Door" to Health and Safety
Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA) (Washington, DC).
"The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides an historic opportunity for millions of low-income individuals to obtain insurance coverage for their physical and behavioral health care needs. For the last several years, diverse behavioral health advocates, health care providers and community-based prevention organizations, have worked to understand the implications of the ACA on the justice-involved population. Much of the conversation has been centered on the disproportionately ... Read More
PDF
15 pages
2014
Document 028316
Pretrial Justice Institute
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
'"The Pretrial Justice Institute’s core purpose is to advance safe, fair, and effective juvenile and adult pretrial justice practices and policies … [JPI] created this practice-based, informational resource for practitioners, policymakers, advocates and others interested in improving pretrial justice … [Materials are featured] that have been generated from jurisdictions across the country in the course of their bail reform endeavors to reduce inappropriate detention, optimize diversion from pros... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028317
Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways to Solve America's Correctional Challenges
By Ziedenberg, Jason. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC); NIC-TA#13C5022. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC).
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN)—a network representing community corrections professionals—commissioned a position paper to explore the successes and challenges facing the community corrections field. The position paper, "Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways To Solve America’s Correctional Challenges", finds that community corrections is a critical part of the public safety system that supervises individua... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2014
Document 028362
Pretrial Justice: The Colorado Story
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
"Over the last few years, Colorado has been working on statewide pretrial justice reform and seen incredible advancements in legislation, policy, and practice. This video chronicles their journey so far in working to establish safe, fair, and effective pretrial justice in the state."... Read More
_blank
21 minutes
2014
Document 028429
A Brief Overview of Pretrial Release Laws
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
"State legislatures consider and enact laws that address all aspects of pretrial policy, including release eligibility, conditions of release, bail, commercial bail bonding and pretrial diversion. These legislative policies have an important role in providing fair, efficient and safe pretrial practices carried out by law enforcement and the courts" (p. 1). Brief descriptions are provided for the following legislative: citation in lieu of arrest; pretrial release eligibility; guidance for setting... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 028480
Assessing Pretrial Risk without a Defendant Interview
By VanNostrand, Marie; Lowenkamp, Christopher T.. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, TX).
"Although the use of pretrial risk assessments has increased in recent years, the proportion of jurisdictions employing these instruments remains low, and is estimated to be no more than 10%. This low adoption rate is due in large part to the fact that existing risk assessments require that information be collected through interviews with defendants. Conducting these interviews and verifying the information is a time-consuming and resource-intensive process that many jurisdictions cannot afford"... Read More
PDF
21 pages
2013
Document 027567
Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027888
Accreditation Standards for Pretrial Agencies Standards Manual Version 1.0.10
Florida Corrections Accreditation Commission, Inc. (FCAC) (Tallahassee, FL); Association of Pretrial Professionals of Florida (APPF) (Tallahassee, FL).
This is a great example of standards governing the accreditation of pretrial agencies. These standards are organized into the following chapters: personnel practices; organizational and management; general principles governing the pretrial process; first appearance; release conditions; and electronic monitoring. “Each standard is composed of the standard statement and at least one compliance key. The standard statement is a declarative sentence that places a clear-cut requirement, or multiple re... Read More
PDF
49 pages
2013
Document 027790
NCVS Victimization Analysis Tool (NVAT)
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
“This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) data on both violent and property victimization by select victim, household, and incident characteristics. The NCVS is the nation's primary source of information on criminal victimization. It is an annual data collection conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The NCVS collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons... Read More
_blank
2013
Document 027893
Unsecured Bonds: The Most Effective and Efficient Pretrial Release Option
By Jones, Michael R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
If your pretrial agency is looking for solid empirical evidence about the effectiveness of unsecure bonds compared to secure bonds in safeguarding public safety, you need to read this report. “Findings support judicial officers changing their practices to use more unsecured releases, to include unsecured bonds if currently permitted by law, to achieve the same public safety and court appear¬ance rates while using far fewer jail beds. These un¬secured bonds could be used in conjunction with an in... Read More
PDF
26 pages
2013
Document 029981
Exploring the Impact of Supervision on Pretrial Outcomes
By Lowenkamp, Christopher T.; VanNostrand, Marie. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, TX).
"The current study seeks to investigate the effect of pretrial supervision on the likelihood of failure to appear (FTA) and new criminal activity (NCA) before case disposition. First, drawing on data from two states, this research isolates two groups of defendants: those released pending case disposition with supervision and those released without supervision. Second, this research compares the two groups across several descriptive factors regarding likelihood of FTA and NCA while in the communi... Read More

22 pages
2013
Document 029993
Creating an Effective Pretrial Program: A Toolkit for Practitioners
By Pierce-Danford, Kristy; Guevara, Meghan. Crime and Justice Institute (CJI) (Boston, MA); Californians for Safety and Justice. Local Safety Solutions Project (Oakland, CA).
Pretrial program models "have evolved considerably in recent decades, and there is evidence to show that they can be more successful than the money bail system at ensuring public safety and court appearance. There are many evidence-based options available to communities seeking to implement or strengthen pretrial programs … Many counties are now exploring such programs, asking critical questions about whom among those awaiting trial needs to be in jail and who can be managed successfully in the ... Read More

32 pages
2013
Document 027172
Pretrial Release Eligibility
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“State constitutions and statutes specify which defendants may be detained before trial … However, denial of release is not absolute. A court must make certain determinations before ordering detention … While state laws broadly provide for presumption of release, they also define who is and is not eligible for pretrial release, and under what conditions.” A chart showing pretrial release eligibility by state is available at this website. The chart shows the state and its governing statute, presu... Read More
_blank
3 pages
2013
Document 027173
Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
_blank
2 pages
2013
Document 027173
Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
_blank
2 pages
2012
Document 027174
Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027174
Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027577
Pretrial Risk Assessment 101: Science Provides Guidance on Managing Defendants
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This brief explains how pretrial risk assessments can benefit the community by improving public safety and reducing costs. Sections cover: what a pretrial risk assessment tool is; the risk factors that are on a pretrial risk assessment; why it is important to some a person’s risk level; the effectiveness of pretrial risk assessments; how pretrial risk assessments are developed; the challenges and limitations of a pretrial risk assessment; and the things criminal justice stakeholders can do to im... Read More
_blank
5 pages
2012
Document 026523
Bail Fail: Why the U.S. Should End the Practice of Using Money for Bail
By Neal, Melissa. Justice Policy Institute (Washington, DC).
Reasons for eliminating the ubiquitous use of bail as the primary instrument for pretrial release in the United States are explained. This report is divided into six parts: introduction; background and context—the general pretrial process; the use of money bail; money bail’s effects on the judicial process; effective alternatives to money bail; and recommendations. “There is no reason to continue the practice of requiring money in order to be released while waiting for a case to be resolved … Co... Read More
_blank
56 pages
2012
Document 026620
Pretrial Detention & Community Supervision: Best Practices and Resources for California Counties
California Forward (CAFWD). Partnership for Community Excellence (PCE) (Sacramento, CA).
'The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of pretrial models and practices so counties can make informed decisions about how pretrial services could cost-effectively improve public safety outcomes' (p. 6). While this publication is designed to assist communities in California, it provides excellent information for agencies from other states looking to implement pretrial programs in their own locales. Sections following an executive summary address: pretrial issues in California count... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2012
Document 026631
Using Adolescent Brain Research to Inform Policy: A Guide for Juvenile Justice Advocates
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
This paper is an excellent overview of the dramatic impact that changes in their brains have on their behavior. Anyone working with juveniles should know about brain research. Sections of this fact sheet include: introduction; what the research says; how this affects young people's behavior; it is not too early to use this research; how to respectfully frame the research; how brain research relates to positive youth development; one caution'brain development research can be negatively applied; a... Read More
_blank
7 pages
2012
Document 026631
Using Adolescent Brain Research to Inform Policy: A Guide for Juvenile Justice Advocates
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
This paper is an excellent overview of the dramatic impact that changes in their brains have on their behavior. Anyone working with juveniles should know about brain research. Sections of this fact sheet include: introduction; what the research says; how this affects young people's behavior; it is not too early to use this research; how to respectfully frame the research; how brain research relates to positive youth development; one caution'brain development research can be negatively applied; a... Read More
_blank
7 pages
2012
Document 026819
2012 Pretrial Release Legislation Overview
National Conferences of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“This overview identifies and describes significant actions and trends within this collection of [pretrial] legislation” (p. 1). Sections of this report cover: pretrial release eligibility--crime specific restrictions, risk assessments for pretrial release, and offenses committed during release; pretrial release options—non-monetary bail (release on recognizance (ROR), electronic monitoring, and pretrial services programs), and monetary bail; commercial bond regulation—commercial bond business p... Read More
WEB
4 pages
2012
Document 026853
Vigilance Fatigue in Policing: A Critical Threat to Public Safety and Officer Well-Being
By Krause, Meredith.
The impact of vigilance fatigue on the effectiveness of threat analysis and management is explained. Vigilance fatigue is “the failure to accurately perceive, identify, or analyze bona fide threats due to 1) prolonged exposure to ambiguous, unspecified, and ubiquitous threat information; 2) information overload; 3) overwhelming pressure to maintain exceptional, error-free performance; and 4) faulty strategies for structuring informed decision making under conditions of uncertainty and stress” (p... Read More
_blank
9 pages
2012
Document 029650
Rational and Transparent Bail Decision Making: Moving from a Cash-Based to a Risk-Based Process
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL).
"This White Paper takes the position that most of the money spent to house defendants who cannot post a bond is unnecessary to achieve the purposes of bond – to protect the safety of the community while the defendant’s case is pending, and to assure the appearance of the defendant in court. With local jurisdictions laying off teachers, police officers and firefighters and cutting back on vital services because they do not have the money to pay them, this waste of money is unconscionable" (p. 1-2... Read More
_blank
44 pages
2012
Document 024880
Predicting Violence
By Baradaran, Shima; McIntyre, Frank L..
“This article uses the largest dataset of pretrial defendants in the U.S. to determine what factors, if any, are relevant in predicting “dangerousness” pretrial and what percentage of defendants can be released safely before trial” (p. 1). Jurisdictions can use this analysis to prepare their own reports showing the degree to which more offenders can be released pretrial into the community. Sections contained in this document include: introduction; history of predicting violence; past studies reg... Read More
_blank
74 pages
2012
Document 026983
Pretrial Release and Misconduct in Federal District Courts, 2008-2010
By Cohen, Thomas H.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
The rates of pretrial release and misconduct in federal courts during 2008 through 2010 are reported. Topics discussed include: pretrial release and detention in the federal criminal justice system; most serious offenses charged against defendants release pretrial; administering federal pretrial services; federal releases versus state releases; type of pretrial release; pretrial conditions imposed on released defendants; length of pretrial detention; past criminal history; age, race, and ethnici... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2011
Document 025016
Assessing Local Pretrial Justice Functions: A Handbook for Providing Technical Assistance
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This guide “presents a protocol designed to produce high-quality technical assistance for the front end of the criminal justice system—the pretrial justice stage” (p. iii). Sections contained in this publication are: basic obligations of a technical assistance (TA) provider; preparation for the site visit; conducting the site visit; people who should be interviewed and areas of inquiry; after the site visit; characteristics of effective technical assistance; and logistics of acting as a consult... Read More
PDF
39 pages
2011
Document 025172
Measuring What Matters: Outcome and Performance Measures for the Pretrial Services Field
National Institute of Corrections. Pretrial Executives Network (Washington, DC).
“This monograph presents recommended outcome and performance measures and mission-critical data … [that] will enable pretrial service agencies to gauge more accurately their programs’ effectiveness in meeting agency and justice system goals” (p. v). Sections of this publication include introduction, outcome measures, performance measures, mission-critical data, setting targets, and examples of pretrial release program measures.... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2010
Document 024372
A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); Justice Management Institute (JMI) (Denver, CO); The Carey Group (Viera, FL).
This report is essential reading for individuals wanting to achieve "measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction reoffending" (p.6). Eight sections follow an introduction (a new paradigm for the justice system): underlying premises; the key decision points, decision makers, and stakeholders in the criminal justice system; examining justice system decision making through the lens of harm reduction; the principles underlying the framework; applying evidence-based principles to... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2008
Document 022904
Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2008: Applying Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Articles in this issue include:
  • “Foreword” by Ken Rose
  • “A Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services” by John Clark
  • “Advancing Evidence-Based Practices in the Pretrial Field” by Katie Green, Pat Smith, and Kristina Bryant
  • “Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado” by Michael R. Jones and Sue Ferrere
  • “Pretrial Defendants: Are They Getting Too Much of a Good Thing?” by Barbara M. Hankey
  • “Charge Specialty and Revicti... Read More
PDF
40 p.
2008
Document 022997
A Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services
By Clark, John. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"This article presents a possible framework for developing research geared toward identifying evidence-based practices in pretrial services" (p. 4). Sections of this article are: limited pretrial research exists to support evidence-based practices; start with goals; use of the Pretrial Release Standards of the American Bar Association as objectives; tasks or objectives along with related issues that should be researched; and interpreting research findings to assimilate outcomes into practices.... Read More
PDF
7 p.
2008
Document 022999
Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado
By Jones, Michael R.; Ferrere, Sue. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The Colorado Improving Supervised Pretrial Release (CISPR) Project, an innovative pretrial initiative, is described. This article contains these sections; introduction; aims of the CISPR Project; and CISPR phases -- develop statistically validated pretrial release risk assessment instrument, match risks and interventions, educate system stakeholders, prepare documentation, assist with local implementation, and solidify progress. Phase I should last through 2008 with following phases continuing ... Read More
PDF
5 p.
2008
Document 023000
Pretrial Defendants: Are They Getting Too Much of a Good Thing?
By Hankey, Barbara M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of the Step Forward program offered by the Oakland County Community Corrections Division (OCCCD) is explained. This article covers: programmatic approach -- intake assessments, case planning, services and interventions, case management, and sanctions and incentives; burning questions such as justifying the use of Step Forward by pretrial defendants and determining where to draw the line for pretrial failure; success rates compared; and next steps. Step Forward has a 93% success rate for... Read More
PDF
5 p.
2008
Document 023002
Pretrial Rearrests Among Domestic Violence Defendants in New York City
By Peterson, Richard R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Pretrial rearrest among New York domestic violence (DV) defendants is examined. Sections contained in this article are: background; identifying DV and non-DV cases; offense patterns of DV and non-DV defendants; and conclusions. Since 9% of DV defendants are rearrested on a new DV offense, "victims may be at considerable risk of threats, intimidation, or retaliation during the pretrial period" (p. 38).... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document 023359
Legal and Evidence Based Practices: Application of Legal Principles, Laws, and Research to the Field of Pretrial Services
By VanNostrand, Marie. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
"[C]ritical legal principles applicable to defendants during the pretrial stage" are covered (p.3). Sections of this paper are: introduction and background; pretrial legal foundation -- presumption of innocence, right to counsel, right against self-incrimination, right to due process of law, right to equal protection under the law, right to bail that is not excessive, and summary of legal principles; evidence-based practices in pretrial services and community corrections; and summary and conclu... Read More
PDF
33 p.
2007
Document 022489
Pretrial Justice: Principles and Practices
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This two-hour program discusses strategies for developing an effective pretrial process (e.g., arrest, interview, risk assessment and recommendation, first appearance, post release supervision, and collaboration between shareholders—agencies, organizations, and the community). This presentation is designed to examine the impact of the pretrial decision to release or detain on jail crowding and public safety; promote fair and just pretrial decision making; and demonstrate best practices consisten... Read More
VIDEO
2 DVDs (118 min.)
2006
Document 022013
Pretrial Case Processing In Maine: A Study of System Efficiency & Effectiveness
By Van Nostrand, Marie; Keebler, Gena; Jablonski, Patrick; Kays, Brian. National Institute of Corrections. Division of Community Corrections and Prisons (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Maine. Corrections Alternative Advisory Committee (CAAC) Augusta, ME.
An assessment of Maine's pretrial case processing system is provided. This report contains the following sections: introduction; Maine's criminal justice system for pretrial case processing; key system participants (e.g., law enforcement, county jail(s), District and Superior Courts, District Attorney's Office, defense attorney, Grand Jury, pretrial services, and probation services) are described for each county in the state; and Maine pretrial case processing flow chart.... Read More
PDF
153 p.
2004
Document 020265
Standards on Pretrial Release
National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (Wauwatosa, WI).
Effective procedures governing the release or detention of arrested individuals are presented. Thirty-four standards and related commentary are organized into the following four parts: general principles governing the pretrial process; nature of first appearance and release/decision; purposes, roles, and functions of pretrial services agencies; and management and oversight of pretrial processes following initial decision concerning release or detention.... Read More
PDF
88 p.
1988
Document 007077
Pretrial Release: Concepts, Issues, and Strategies for Improvement
By Clarke, Stevens H.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Robert J. Kutak Foundation (Omaha, NE).
"After discussing some important concepts and issues and briefly looking at legal developments since the 1960s, this monograph reviews research on opportunity for pretrial release and the risks involved. It then explores the effectiveness of various reform measures in terms of both widening the opportunity for pretrial release and controlling the risks. The concluding section discusses various strategies for improving pretrial release."--Author's abstract. Includes bibliography.... Read More
PDF
57 p.
NOTE: This may not be a complete listing of documents available for this topic. Only current and publicly available documents are available on our website. Contact our free Help Desk to find out what else might be available for this topic.


General Topics

The documents in our online library have been "tagged" with keywords that relate the major topics they address. You can explore those tags by opening the larger categories listed below. Clicking on a "tag" or topic will give you a list of all the related material on our website. If you are having trouble finding good material, contact our help desk. They have access to thousands of documents not available online.

Administration

Facilities

Funding

Justice System

Misc.

Offender Management

Offender Services

Personnel

Reentry

Special Offenders

Statistics & Research

[+] feedback