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Browsing Documents Related to 'Pretrial Release'

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Date Title Type
2014
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On the Chopping Block 2013: State Prison Closures
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report describes the continuing trend for states to close or consider closing prisons. Sections discuss: opportunity for closures; reforms in state sentencing practices in 2013; states closing or considering closing correctional facilities in 2013; shifting dynamics on prison closures; repurposing prisons; openings and expansion; and rethinking the use of incarceration.... Read More

6 pages
2014
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On the Chopping Block 2013: State Prison Closures
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report describes the continuing trend for states to close or consider closing prisons. Sections discuss: opportunity for closures; reforms in state sentencing practices in 2013; states closing or considering closing correctional facilities in 2013; shifting dynamics on prison closures; repurposing prisons; openings and expansion; and rethinking the use of incarceration.... Read More

6 pages
2013
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Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More

16 pages
2013
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Ohio Risk Assessment System: ORAS News and Updates
Ohio Ex-Offender Reentry Coalition (Columbus, Ohio).
Access is provided to resources about the Ohio Risk Assessment System (ORAS). Materials available include: training updates; ORAS Newsletters; and ORAS tools—Community Supervision Tool, ORAS Full Binder (all the tools in one pdf), Pretrial Tool, Prison Tool, Reentry Tool, Research data, and Veterans Questionnaire.... Read More

2013
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Measuring the Prevalence of Crime with the National Crime Victimization Survey
By Lauritsen, Janet L.; Rezey, Maribeth L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “comparisons of victimization rates and prevalence rates of nonfatal violent crime and household property crime from 1993 to 2010. The report uses prevalence rates to describe patterns of repeat victimization for violent and property crime and to identify specific population subgroups at the highest risk for repeat victimization. It compares violent victimization and prevalence rates across victim age and sex and according to victim-offender relationships.” Sections of this ... Read More

27 pages
2013
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Measuring the Prevalence of Crime with the National Crime Victimization Survey
By Lauritsen, Janet L.; Rezey, Maribeth L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “comparisons of victimization rates and prevalence rates of nonfatal violent crime and household property crime from 1993 to 2010. The report uses prevalence rates to describe patterns of repeat victimization for violent and property crime and to identify specific population subgroups at the highest risk for repeat victimization. It compares violent victimization and prevalence rates across victim age and sex and according to victim-offender relationships.” Sections of this ... Read More

27 pages
2013
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Pretrial Release Eligibility
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“State constitutions and statutes specify which defendants may be detained before trial … However, denial of release is not absolute. A court must make certain determinations before ordering detention … While state laws broadly provide for presumption of release, they also define who is and is not eligible for pretrial release, and under what conditions.” A chart showing pretrial release eligibility by state is available at this website. The chart shows the state and its governing statute, presu... Read More
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3 pages
2013
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Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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2 pages
2013
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Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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2 pages
2012
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Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
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Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
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Pretrial Risk Assessment 101: Science Provides Guidance on Managing Defendants
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This brief explains how pretrial risk assessments can benefit the community by improving public safety and reducing costs. Sections cover: what a pretrial risk assessment tool is; the risk factors that are on a pretrial risk assessment; why it is important to some a person’s risk level; the effectiveness of pretrial risk assessments; how pretrial risk assessments are developed; the challenges and limitations of a pretrial risk assessment; and the things criminal justice stakeholders can do to im... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
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Predicting Violence
By Baradaran, Shima; McIntyre, Frank L..
“This article uses the largest dataset of pretrial defendants in the U.S. to determine what factors, if any, are relevant in predicting “dangerousness” pretrial and what percentage of defendants can be released safely before trial” (p. 1). Jurisdictions can use this analysis to prepare their own reports showing the degree to which more offenders can be released pretrial into the community. Sections contained in this document include: introduction; history of predicting violence; past studies reg... Read More
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74 pages
2012
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2012 Pretrial Release Legislation Overview
National Conferences of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“This overview identifies and describes significant actions and trends within this collection of [pretrial] legislation” (p. 1). Sections of this report cover: pretrial release eligibility--crime specific restrictions, risk assessments for pretrial release, and offenses committed during release; pretrial release options—non-monetary bail (release on recognizance (ROR), electronic monitoring, and pretrial services programs), and monetary bail; commercial bond regulation—commercial bond business p... Read More
WEB
4 pages
2012
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Vigilance Fatigue in Policing: A Critical Threat to Public Safety and Officer Well-Being
By Krause, Meredith.
The impact of vigilance fatigue on the effectiveness of threat analysis and management is explained. Vigilance fatigue is “the failure to accurately perceive, identify, or analyze bona fide threats due to 1) prolonged exposure to ambiguous, unspecified, and ubiquitous threat information; 2) information overload; 3) overwhelming pressure to maintain exceptional, error-free performance; and 4) faulty strategies for structuring informed decision making under conditions of uncertainty and stress” (p... Read More
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9 pages
2012
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Assessing Offender Risk: Indiana’s Risk Assessment System
Indiana Supreme Court (Indianapolis, IN) .
This video describes the Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS). IRAS “is designed to provide Indiana's courts with information about an offender's potential risks and needs, allowing trial courts to provide appropriate sentences, supervision and treatment services. These risk assessment tools enhance efforts to rehabilitate offenders, reduce recidivism, and increase public safety.”... Read More
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4 minutes
2012
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Bail Fail: Why the U.S. Should End the Practice of Using Money for Bail
By Neal, Melissa. Justice Policy Institute (Washington, DC).
Reasons for eliminating the ubiquitous use of bail as the primary instrument for pretrial release in the United States are explained. This report is divided into six parts: introduction; background and context—the general pretrial process; the use of money bail; money bail’s effects on the judicial process; effective alternatives to money bail; and recommendations. “There is no reason to continue the practice of requiring money in order to be released while waiting for a case to be resolved … Co... Read More
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56 pages
2012
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Pretrial Detention & Community Supervision: Best Practices and Resources for California Counties
California Forward (CAFWD). Partnership for Community Excellence (PCE) (Sacramento, CA).
'The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of pretrial models and practices so counties can make informed decisions about how pretrial services could cost-effectively improve public safety outcomes' (p. 6). While this publication is designed to assist communities in California, it provides excellent information for agencies from other states looking to implement pretrial programs in their own locales. Sections following an executive summary address: pretrial issues in California count... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2012
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Using Adolescent Brain Research to Inform Policy: A Guide for Juvenile Justice Advocates
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
This paper is an excellent overview of the dramatic impact that changes in their brains have on their behavior. Anyone working with juveniles should know about brain research. Sections of this fact sheet include: introduction; what the research says; how this affects young people's behavior; it is not too early to use this research; how to respectfully frame the research; how brain research relates to positive youth development; one caution'brain development research can be negatively applied; a... Read More
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7 pages
2012
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Using Adolescent Brain Research to Inform Policy: A Guide for Juvenile Justice Advocates
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
This paper is an excellent overview of the dramatic impact that changes in their brains have on their behavior. Anyone working with juveniles should know about brain research. Sections of this fact sheet include: introduction; what the research says; how this affects young people's behavior; it is not too early to use this research; how to respectfully frame the research; how brain research relates to positive youth development; one caution'brain development research can be negatively applied; a... Read More
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7 pages
2011
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The Efficacy of the Risk-Need-Responsivity Framework in Guiding Treatment for Female Young Offenders
By Vitopoulos, Antigone Nina.
It is believed that the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) framework is gender-neutral'that it works the same for male and female juvenile offenders. This report examines whether the RNR framework really does work equally well for male and female youth. This determines: whether RNR based YLS/CMI (Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory) clinician-identified needs are different for boy and girls; if the clinician-identified needs of boys and girls are matched by probation services at identical... Read More
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026629
2011
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The Efficacy of the Risk-Need-Responsivity Framework in Guiding Treatment for Female Young Offenders
By Vitopoulos, Antigone Nina.
It is believed that the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) framework is gender-neutral'that it works the same for male and female juvenile offenders. This report examines whether the RNR framework really does work equally well for male and female youth. This determines: whether RNR based YLS/CMI (Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory) clinician-identified needs are different for boy and girls; if the clinician-identified needs of boys and girls are matched by probation services at identical... Read More
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026629
2011
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Measuring What Matters: Outcome and Performance Measures for the Pretrial Services Field
National Institute of Corrections. Pretrial Executives Network (Washington, DC).
“This monograph presents recommended outcome and performance measures and mission-critical data … [that] will enable pretrial service agencies to gauge more accurately their programs’ effectiveness in meeting agency and justice system goals” (p. v). Sections of this publication include introduction, outcome measures, performance measures, mission-critical data, setting targets, and examples of pretrial release program measures.... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2011
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National Symposium on Pretrial Justice
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); Pretrial Justice Institute (Washington, DC).
This website provides access to materials associated with the National Symposium on Pretrial Justice. “Conference participants examined how far the country has come and how far we have to go to achieve safe and fair pretrial release and diversion practices in our communities.” Points of entry include meeting materials, press kit, and the Symposium Report. Meeting materials from this conference are organized into the following areas: welcome and opening remarks; 1964 National Conference on Bail a... Read More
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2011
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National Institute of Corrections and DC Pretrial-Measuring What Matters-DC Public Safety
District of Columbia. Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency (CSOSA). DC Public Safety Radio Shows (Washington, DC).
This 30 minute program explores the National Institute of Corrections’ publication “Measuring What Matters: Outcome and Performance Measures for the Pretrial Services Field” (NIC accession no. 025172). This report provides guidance for making pretrial agencies more effective. Lori Eville and Spurgeon Kennedy are interviewed.... Read More
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2011
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Commonwealth of Virginia: Roadmap for Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections
By Pierce-Danford, Kristy; Guevara, Meghan. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Community Resources for Justice. Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
“The Roadmap is a guide for the sustainable implementation and replication of evidence-based practices in pretrial and local probation agencies across the state ... [it] offers valuable insights into lessons learned during implementation and provides proven strategies for addressing challenges to sustainable change” (p. 1). Chapters following an introduction explaining how to use the Roadmap are: Virginia’s application of the Integrated Model; assessing the organization; strategic planning and w... Read More
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141 pages
2011
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Glossary of Terms and Phrases Relating to Bail and the Pretrial Release or Detention Decision
By Schnacke, Timothy R.; Jones, Michael R.; Brooker, Claire M.B.. Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This “glossary of terms and phrases has been written to provide current definitions, in context, and with historical references as needed, to clarify a comprehensive set of common terms relating to bail and the pretrial release and detention decision” (p. 1).... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2011
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Promising Practices in Providing Pretrial Services Functions Within Probation Agencies: A Users Guide
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
Guidance is provided for jurisdictions looking to incorporate a pretrial services function within a probation department. This combination will serve to “retain or implement evidence-based practices in a way that provides the most efficient use of criminal justice resources without sacrificing public safety” (p. 7). Sections of this publication are: introduction; advantages of providing pretrial services functions in a probation department—taking advantage of existing infrastructure and relatio... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2011
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A Case Study on the Practice of Pretrial Services and Risk Assessment in Three Cities
By Kim, KiDeukDenver, Megan. District of Columbia. Executive Office of the Mayor. Justice Grants Administration (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). District of Columbia Crime Policy Insitute (DCPI) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
The practices and operations of three pretrial service programs along with their use of risk assessments are examined. Sections of this report include: the Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia; the context of pretrial services; current practice in pretrial services in the District of Columbia, New York City, and Baltimore; and comparing the jurisdictions summarized. “The comparison across jurisdictions is revealing. It makes apparent that risk assessment practices cannot be sepa... Read More
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25 pages
2011
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State of the Science of Pretrial Release Recommendations and Supervision
By VanNostrand, Marie; Rose, Kenneth J.; Weibrecht, Kimberly. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (Washington, DC).
Anyone needing to know what legal issues impact pretrial release or what supervision strategies will lead to more effective pretrial release practices should read this report. Sections of this document include: introduction; pretrial legal questions—“blanket” pretrial release condition, drug testing release condition, treatment and assessment release condition, Alcoholics Anonymous/12-Step meetings release condition, pretrial supervision fees, and delegation of judicial authority; national pretr... Read More
PDF
44 pages
2011
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State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
“This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
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42 pages
2011
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Assessing Local Pretrial Justice Functions: A Handbook for Providing Technical Assistance
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This guide “presents a protocol designed to produce high-quality technical assistance for the front end of the criminal justice system—the pretrial justice stage” (p. iii). Sections contained in this publication are: basic obligations of a technical assistance (TA) provider; preparation for the site visit; conducting the site visit; people who should be interviewed and areas of inquiry; after the site visit; characteristics of effective technical assistance; and logistics of acting as a consult... Read More
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39 pages
2011
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Kiosk Supervision for the District of Columbia
By Jannetta, Jesse; Halberstadt, Robin. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
The use of kiosk supervision for low-risk offenders and pretrial defendants is explained. The use of a kiosk frees up an agency’s supervision time to be used for moderate- and high-risk parolees and probationers. Topics discussed in this publication include: how the kiosk system works; kiosk supervision within a risk-reduction framework; challenges to implementing kiosk supervision; research and analysis regarding kiosk supervision; key implementation lessons; and conclusion. Through the use of ... Read More
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7 pages
2010
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Summary Report of the “Stakeholder Perceptions of Sentencing & Pretrial Options for Misdemeanants”
By Keeling, Deborah G.. Louisville Metro Criminal Justice Commission (Louisville, KY).
This summary is a great place to start for those people trying to determine what pretrial release strategies are most likely to be popular with their stakeholders. The report looks at: the credibility of the program as a sentencing option; the confidence in the program as a sentencing option; the confidence in the program as a pretrial option; individual accountability provided by the program; rank-order of restrictiveness of sentencing and pretrial options; perceived program effectiveness; cate... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2010
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A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); Justice Management Institute (JMI) (Denver, CO); The Carey Group (Silver Spring, MD).
This report is essential reading for individuals wanting to achieve "measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction reoffending" (p.6). Eight sections follow an introduction (a new paradigm for the justice system): underlying premises; the key decision points, decision makers, and stakeholders in the criminal justice system; examining justice system decision making through the lens of harm reduction; the principles underlying the framework; applying evidence-based principles to... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2010
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Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI)
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This should be the first stop on your search for pretrial services information. Points of entry are: about PJI; PJI’s services; projects; resources--specific pages on the Bail Decision, Diversion Programs, Increasing Appearance Rates, Supervising defendants, Performance Measures, and Costs; features resources; pretrail in the press--news and articles; upcoming events; quick links; and contact information.... Read More
WEB
1 p.
2010
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Kentucky Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument Validation
By Austin, James; Ocker, Roger; Bhati, Avi. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). JFA Institute (Washington, DC).
The validity of the Kentucky Pretrial Service Agency (KPSA) risk assessment instrument is determined. Other pretrial agencies can compare their risk assessment instruments to this evaluation to see where they stand. Sections of this report are: introduction; research methods; use of special conditions; and improvement of the current tool. Based on conflicts in the prior instrument, a modified tool resulted from this study.... Read More
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16 pages
2010
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Validation of the Coconino County Pretrial Risk Assessment Tool
By Levin, David J.. Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
The ability of Coconino County’s pretrial risk assessment to validly predict whether a defendant will appear for trial or be rearrested is determined. Sections after an abstract include: introduction; participant demographics; comparison of findings with data from other jurisdictions—age, education and employment, community ties, property ownership/access, current charge, prior criminal history, prior failure to appear, current involvement with the criminal justice system, substance abuse, pretr... Read More
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42 pages
2010
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Responses to Claims about Money Bail for Criminal Justice Decision-Makers
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
Twenty-three misperceptions about money bail are corrected. This publication can “be used to help these decision-makers respond to possible claims and/or questions, primarily about the use of money bail and commercial bail bondsmen, by bail bondsmen, the public, the media, and others in the justice system” (p. 3).... Read More
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45 pages
2010
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Female Sexual Offenders: What Parole Decision-Makers Should Know
By Cortoni, France.
These slides provide the parole professional a concise introduction to issues regarding female sexual offenders. This presentation covers: prevalence of female sexual offenders; their pathways to offending; their risk of recidivism, risk factors, and risk assessment implications; treatment issues and risk management; and putting it all together.... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2010
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Female Sexual Offenders: What Parole Decision-Makers Should Know
By Cortoni, France.
These slides provide the parole professional a concise introduction to issues regarding female sexual offenders. This presentation covers: prevalence of female sexual offenders; their pathways to offending; their risk of recidivism, risk factors, and risk assessment implications; treatment issues and risk management; and putting it all together.... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2010
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Improving the Administration of Justice in Tribal Communities through Information Sharing and Resource Sharing
By Cobb, Kimberly; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
The challenges faced by tribal, state, and federal justice systems in sharing information and resources and strategies for successfully linking these resources together so that pretrial, probation, and parole officers can be effective in the performance of their jobs are discussed. Sections comprising this report include: background—tribal justice challenges; logistics; definitions; information sharing—what information needs to be shared, advantages to sharing information, obstacles and barriers... Read More
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19 pages
2010
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Indiana Risk Assessment System
By Lovins, B.K.. University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Anyone looking for an example of a great risk assessment system and or risk assessment instruments needs to look at this publication. “The Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS) is made up of five separate instruments to be used at specific points in the criminal justice process to identify an offender’s risk to reoffend and criminogenic needs. These instruments are used at distinct points in the criminal justice system to promote and assist with developing individualized case plans. By appropria... Read More
PDF
117 pages
2008
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Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2008: Applying Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Articles in this issue include:
  • “Foreword” by Ken Rose
  • “A Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services” by John Clark
  • “Advancing Evidence-Based Practices in the Pretrial Field” by Katie Green, Pat Smith, and Kristina Bryant
  • “Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado” by Michael R. Jones and Sue Ferrere
  • “Pretrial Defendants: Are They Getting Too Much of a Good Thing?” by Barbara M. Hankey
  • “Charge Specialty and Revicti... Read More
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40 p.
2008
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A Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services
By Clark, John. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"This article presents a possible framework for developing research geared toward identifying evidence-based practices in pretrial services" (p. 4). Sections of this article are: limited pretrial research exists to support evidence-based practices; start with goals; use of the Pretrial Release Standards of the American Bar Association as objectives; tasks or objectives along with related issues that should be researched; and interpreting research findings to assimilate outcomes into practices.... Read More
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7 p.
2008
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Advancing Evidence-Based Practices in the Pretrial Field
By Green, Katie; Smith, Pat; Bryant, Kristina. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of evidence-based practices in Virginia's pretrial system is discussed. This article has these sections:
  • Background;
  • Making a difference;
  • And the three most applicable principles of effective interventions.
... Read More
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3 p.
2008
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Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado
By Jones, Michael R.; Ferrere, Sue. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The Colorado Improving Supervised Pretrial Release (CISPR) Project, an innovative pretrial initiative, is described. This article contains these sections; introduction; aims of the CISPR Project; and CISPR phases -- develop statistically validated pretrial release risk assessment instrument, match risks and interventions, educate system stakeholders, prepare documentation, assist with local implementation, and solidify progress. Phase I should last through 2008 with following phases continuing ... Read More
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5 p.
2008
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Pretrial Defendants: Are They Getting Too Much of a Good Thing?
By Hankey, Barbara M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of the Step Forward program offered by the Oakland County Community Corrections Division (OCCCD) is explained. This article covers: programmatic approach -- intake assessments, case planning, services and interventions, case management, and sanctions and incentives; burning questions such as justifying the use of Step Forward by pretrial defendants and determining where to draw the line for pretrial failure; success rates compared; and next steps. Step Forward has a 93% success rate for... Read More
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5 p.
2008
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Pretrial Rearrests Among Domestic Violence Defendants in New York City
By Peterson, Richard R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Pretrial rearrest among New York domestic violence (DV) defendants is examined. Sections contained in this article are: background; identifying DV and non-DV cases; offense patterns of DV and non-DV defendants; and conclusions. Since 9% of DV defendants are rearrested on a new DV offense, "victims may be at considerable risk of threats, intimidation, or retaliation during the pretrial period" (p. 38).... Read More
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6 p.
2007
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Legal and Evidence Based Practices: Application of Legal Principles, Laws, and Research to the Field of Pretrial Services
By VanNostrand, Marie. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
"[C]ritical legal principles applicable to defendants during the pretrial stage" are covered (p.3). Sections of this paper are: introduction and background; pretrial legal foundation -- presumption of innocence, right to counsel, right against self-incrimination, right to due process of law, right to equal protection under the law, right to bail that is not excessive, and summary of legal principles; evidence-based practices in pretrial services and community corrections; and summary and conclu... Read More
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33 p.
2007
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Pretrial Justice: Principles and Practices
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This two-hour program discusses strategies for developing an effective pretrial process (e.g., arrest, interview, risk assessment and recommendation, first appearance, post release supervision, and collaboration between shareholders—agencies, organizations, and the community). This presentation is designed to examine the impact of the pretrial decision to release or detain on jail crowding and public safety; promote fair and just pretrial decision making; and demonstrate best practices consisten... Read More

2 DVDs (118 min.)
2006
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Pretrial Case Processing In Maine: A Study of System Efficiency & Effectiveness
By Van Nostrand, Marie; Keebler, Gena; Jablonski, Patrick; Kays, Brian. National Institute of Corrections. Division of Community Corrections and Prisons (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Maine. Corrections Alternative Advisory Committee (CAAC) Augusta, ME.
An assessment of Maine's pretrial case processing system is provided. This report contains the following sections: introduction; Maine's criminal justice system for pretrial case processing; key system participants (e.g., law enforcement, county jail(s), District and Superior Courts, District Attorney's Office, defense attorney, Grand Jury, pretrial services, and probation services) are described for each county in the state; and Maine pretrial case processing flow chart.... Read More
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153 p.
2004
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Standards on Pretrial Release
National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (Wauwatosa, WI).
Effective procedures governing the release or detention of arrested individuals are presented. Thirty-four standards and related commentary are organized into the following four parts: general principles governing the pretrial process; nature of first appearance and release/decision; purposes, roles, and functions of pretrial services agencies; and management and oversight of pretrial processes following initial decision concerning release or detention.... Read More
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88 p.
1988
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Pretrial Release: Concepts, Issues, and Strategies for Improvement
By Clarke, Stevens H.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Robert J. Kutak Foundation (Omaha, NE).
"After discussing some important concepts and issues and briefly looking at legal developments since the 1960s, this monograph reviews research on opportunity for pretrial release and the risks involved. It then explores the effectiveness of various reform measures in terms of both widening the opportunity for pretrial release and controlling the risks. The concluding section discusses various strategies for improving pretrial release."--Author's abstract. Includes bibliography.... Read More
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57 p.
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