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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028033
States Divided on Felon Voting Rights: Interactive
Pew Charitable Trusts. State and Consumer Initiatives (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent resource for those individuals working with individuals released from incarceration. It has a map of the United States which the user hovers over individual states to see their policies regarding the voting rights of ex-offenders with felony convictions. Access is provided to two interactive tabs: “Voter Disenfranchisement By State” which shows the total number of disenfranchised voters and the percentage of the voting-age population disenfranchised; and “Felon Voting Rights... Read More
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2014
Document 028063
Criminal Stigma, Race, Gender, and Employment: An Expanded Assessment of the Consequences of Imprisonment for Employment
By Decker, Scott H.; Spohn, Cassia; Ortiz, Natalie R.; Hedberg, Eric. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
The impact of having a prison record on an individual’s ability to find a job is examined. Results are presented both for males and for females. Policy considerations are explained regarding: the role of the internet in applying for a job; the job interview, job training, and preparation for work and expanding social capital for former inmates. “Consistent with prior research, we find differences by race/ethnicity, with blacks and Hispanics generally faring more poorly than whites. The differenc... Read More
PDF
111 pages
2014
Document 028065
Young Women of Color with Criminal Records: A Barrier to Economic Stability for Low-Income Families and Communities
Community Legal Services of Philadelphia (CLS) (Philadelphia, PA).
“Over the past few years, young women of color have been represented at a disproportionately high rate among clients coming to Community Legal Services (CLS) for help with barriers to employment caused by criminal records. This is particularly notable, as the vast majority of research, programming, and policy attention regarding criminal records and barriers to employment have focused on men. The impact of criminal records on young women seeking employment has largely been overlooked” (p. 2). Th... Read More
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5 pages
2013
Document 027804
Statewide Ban the Box: Reducing Unfair Barriers to Employment of People with Criminal Records
National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY).
This is a great update on what is happening in the United States regarding Ban the Box initiatives. Correctional reformers, offender advocates, and probation officers should be aware of this movement. “Nationwide, over 50 cities and counties—including New York City—have now taken the critical step of removing unfair barriers to employment in their hiring policies. Widely known as “ban the box,” these initiatives typically remove the question on the job application about an individual’s convictio... Read More
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13 pages
2013
Document 027805
Evaluation of the Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification Program
By Irazola, Seri; Williamson, Erin; Niedzwiecki, Emily; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Stricker, Julie. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). ICF International (Fairfax, VA).
Results from an evaluation of Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification (SAVIN) programs are presented. “Automated victim notification (AVN) is often touted as an effective and efficient means for providing victims timely and accurate information of their offenders’ court events and status changes at reduced burden to the criminal justice system. AVN systems, first introduced in 1994, operate by receiving electronic data (e.g., case number, offender demographics) from participating... Read More
PDF
359 pages
2013
Document 027807
Transition Age Youth With Mental Health Challenges in the Juvenile Justice System
By Zajac, Kristyn; Sheidow, Ashli L.; Davis, Maryann. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD); National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (Bethesda, MD); National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Bethesda, MD); National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) (Washington, DC). Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health (TA Partnership) (Washington, DC); National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
Anyone working with transitional youth, individuals aged 16 to 25 years, needs to read this brief. It will help you in understanding their mental health problems, recidivism, and effective transition to adulthood. Sections of this brief include: overview, development during transition to adulthood, and potential pitfalls of the transition age; mental health problems and juvenile justice involvement during the transition age; critical issues facing justice-involved transition age youth with menta... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2013
Document 028044
Criminal Records, Race and Redemption
By Pinard, Michael.
“Poor individuals of color disproportionately carry the weight of a criminal record. They confront an array of legal and non-legal barriers, the most prominent of which are housing and employment … To address these issues, this article proposes a redemption-focused approach to criminal records. This approach recognizes that individuals ultimately move past their interactions with the criminal justice system and, therefore, they should no longer be saddled by their criminal records. Thus, the art... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2013
Document 028047
“Give Us Free”: Addressing Racial Disparities in Bail Determinations
By Jones, Cynthia E..
“This article considers racial disparities that occur nationally in the bail determination process, due in large part to the lack of uniformity, resources, and information provided to officials in bail proceedings. It argues that the almost unbridled decision making power afforded to bail officials is often influenced by improper considerations such as the defendant’s financial resources or the race of the defendant. As a result of these failures, the bail determination process has resulted not ... Read More
PDF
44 pages
2013
Document 027251
Criminal Records in the Digital Age: A Review of Current Practices and Recommendations for Reform in Texas
By Gaebler, Helen. University of Texas. School of Law. William Wayne Justice Center for Public Interest Law (Austin, TX).
“It is time to broaden the reentry discussion and take a comprehensive look at how criminal records are accessed, disseminated, and utilized in this digital age and to find ways to make the criminal justice system more effective at providing meaningful opportunities for successful and lasting reintegration into our communities” (p. 2). This report explains how access to criminal records can damage efforts for successful reentry and provides suggestions on how to solve this challenge. Eight secti... Read More
PDF
43 pages
2013
Document 027679
EEOC’s Criminal Record Guidance One Year Later: Lessons from the Community
By Dietrich, Sharon M.. Community Legal Services, Inc. (Philadelphia, PA).
This report examines the compliance of employers with enforcement guidance provided by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) regarding the use of criminal records in the hiring of people who have criminal records (including non-convictions). Sections of this brief include: introduction; at the grassroots level, criminal records are an intractable barrier to employment; impact of the Guidance—some changes in employer behavior, but miles to go; overcoming criminal record stigma to fac... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 027681
Democracy Imprisoned: A Review of the Prevalence and Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in the United States
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); ACLU of Florida (Miami, FL); Hip Hop Caucus (Washington, DC); Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (Washington, DC); Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights (Washington, DC); National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (Baltimore MD); NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report “includes an overview of the history of and rationale for felony disenfranchisement laws in the United States, considers the U.S.’ disenfranchisement practices in the context of other nations, and discusses recent state law developments” (p. 1). Sections of this report include: reporting organizations; introduction and issue summary—disproportionate impact of felony disenfranchisement laws on minorities, history and rationale of felony disenfranchisement laws, the United States in in... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 027770
The Prison Desk at the National Radio Project: New Voices Exploring Human Rights and Social Justice
National Radio Project. Prison Desk (Oakland, CA).
"The National Radio Project Prison Desk produces 29-minute shows and short segments committed to in-depth reporting on and critical analysis of incarceration in the US and worldwide" (p. 1). This website provides access to: recent shows; past NRP shows on prison issues; Prison Desk mission; and information on how to get involved.... Read More
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2013
Document 027786
National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More
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2013
Document 026691
Ban the Box: Major U.S. Cities and Counties Adopt Fair Hiring Policies to Remove Unfair Barriers to Employment of People with Criminal Records
National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY).
'At the same time that the numbers of workers with criminal records have risen, the background check industry has expanded and overall, more employers are now using background checks as an employment screen than ever before. This resource guide documents the cities and counties that have recognized the devastating impact of these trends and taken steps to remove barriers to employment for qualified workers with criminal records, specifically by removing conviction history questions from job appl... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2012
Document 026722
Improving the Juvenile Justice System for Girls: Lessons from the States
By Watson, Liz; Edelman, Peter. Atlantic Philanthropies (New York, NY); Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD); Open Society Foundations. Special Fund for Poverty Alleviation (New York, NY). Georgetown University Law Center. Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC).
The trials girls undergo in the juvenile justice system are described along with strategies for implementing gender-responsive reform. This report is comprised of five parts: introduction'girls' pathways into the juvenile justice system, and a brief history of recent girl-focused reform efforts; learning from state and local innovation; the architecture of state and local reform; federal policy recommendations to support state and local reform efforts; and conclusion. 'As this report demonstrate... Read More
PDF
57 pages
2012
Document 025730
Documentary Disenfranchisement
By Allen, Jessie. University of Pittsburgh. School of Law (Pittsburgh, PA).
Documentary disenfranchisement is the “permanent enforcement of nominally temporary voting bans … accomplished through election officials’ demands for nonexistent eligibility documents from people with criminal convictions” (p. 391). Individuals working with ex-offenders that are under a temporary ban from voting should read this article to become acquainted with case law that may impact their clients. Sections of this article include: introduction; background—the standard picture of felony dise... Read More
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77 pages
2012
Document 026733
Veterans Treatment Court Resources
Justice for Vets (Justice4Vets) (Alexandria, VA).
Information regarding Veteran Treatment Courts (VTCs) can be found on this website. 'Veteran Treatment Courts hold veterans accountable to themselves and to the community ' The Veterans Treatment Court model requires regular court appearances (a bi-weekly minimum in the early phases of the program), as well as mandatory attendance at treatment sessions and frequent and random testing for substance use (drug and/or alcohol). Veterans respond favorably to this structured environment given their p... Read More
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2012
Document 026785
Performance Incentive Funding: Aligning Fiscal and Operational Responsibility to Produce More Safety at Less Cost
Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC); Metropolis Strategies (Chicago, IL).
'With PIF [performance incentive funding], agencies or localities receive a financial reward for delivering fewer prison commitments through reduced recidivism and revocations that, in turn, must be reinvested into evidence-based programs in the community' (p. 2). This report explains how an agency can design and implement a PIF program that reduces costs while ensuring public safety, a viable option for your locality. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction; the problem... Read More
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24 pages
2012
Document 026690
State Reforms Reducing Collateral Consequences for People with Criminal Records: 2011-2012 Legislative Round-Up
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); Crossroad Bible Instate (Grandville, MI); National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY); National H.I.R.E. Network (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
'Collateral consequences are the additional penalties tied to a conviction that greatly impact an individual's capacity to engage politically, economically and socially upon their reentry to society. These consequences include barriers to housing, education, and employment, felony disenfranchisement, and ineligibility for public benefits. Collateral consequences are distinct from direct consequences of convictions in that they are not factored into the calculation of punishment or sentencing, an... Read More
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20 pages
2012
Document 026693
National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). American Bar Association (ABA). Criminal Justice Section (Chicago, IL); National Instate of Justice (Washington, DC).
Through the 'National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction ' each jurisdiction's collateral consequences will be made accessible to the public through a website that can be searched and sorted by categories and keywords. The website will make it possible for criminal and civil lawyers to determine which collateral consequences are triggered by particular categories of offenses, for affected individuals to understand the limits on their rights and opportunities, and for lawmake... Read More
WEB
2011
Document 026745
Pierce County Veterans Treatment Court: Mentor Program Handbook
Pierce County Veterans Drug Court (Ellsworth, WI).
'With the increase of veterans with serious needs, comes the need for the system to develop new innovative ways of working to address these issues and needs. This is why Pierce County has developed the Pierce County Veterans Mentor Program. This program, with the help of volunteer veteran mentors, link veterans with service providers who can help treat the veteran's needs that have risen from their service. The goal of the mentor program is to provide the veteran with a positive role model who c... Read More
PDF
53 pages
2011
Document 025113
Voting Behind Bars: An Argument for Voting by Prisoners
By Mauer, Marc.
“This Essay makes the argument that felony disenfranchisement policies are inherently undemocratic no matter how applied, including for persons serving prison sentences” (p. 550). This article is divided into six parts: overview of felony disenfranchisement in the U.S.; the modern-day movement for disenfranchisement reform; challenging prisoner disenfranchisement—the philosophical debate; disenfranchisement of prisoners is counterproductive for democracy and public safety; international perspect... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2010
Document 024180
Muhammad Shabazz Farrakan et al, Plaintiffs-Appellants v. Christine O. Gregoire et al, Defendants-Appellees; No. 06-35669
U.S. Court of Appeals (9th).
“Plaintiffs, minority citizens of Washington state who have lost their right to vote pursuant to the state’s felon disenfranchisement provision, filed this action in 1996 challenging that provision on the ground that, due to racial discrimination in the state’s criminal justice system, the automatic disenfranchisement of felons results in the denial of the right to vote on account of race, in violation of § 2 of the Voting Rights Act (“VRA”), 42 U.S.C. § 1973…We reverse and grant summary judgmen... Read More
PDF
51 p.
2010
Document 024316
Hearing on: H.R. 3335, the "Democracy Restoration Act of 2009"
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties (Washington, DC); LexisNexis. CQ Transcriptions (Washington, DC).
Access to an often enthusiastic discussion on felons’ right to vote can be accessed at this website. A video webcast and witness testimonies are available. A transcript of the hearing is also available from The Sentencing Project.... Read More
WEB
1 p. + 39 p.
2010
Document 020150
Prisoners Rights Resources
By Moreland, Margaret R.. Pace Law School Library (White Plains, NY).
A collection of links and other information about prisoners' rights can be found at this website. Resources are organized into the following topical areas: substantive law—international, federal, state, foreign, and Council of Europe; procedural law—due process, federal, state, exhaustion of remedies, and remedies; commentary—research guides, statistics, reports and articles, online resources, agencies, and organizations; censorship; classification; conditions of confinement; cruel and unusual ... Read More
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33 p.
2010
Document 024585
Prisoners' Right to Read: An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights
American Library Association (Chicago, IL).
This document explains why inmates have a right to particular forms of information while incarcerated.... Read More
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2 p.
2010
Document 024675
Political Consequences of the Carceral State
By Weaver, Vesla M.; Lerman, Amy E..
This study is “the first systematic empirical exploration of how criminal justice involvement shapes the citizenship, political capital, and political voice of a growing swath of Americans” (p. 2). These sections follow and abstract: the political impact of the carceral state; characterizing the punitive intervention; understanding how the carceral state shapes citizenship; data and measures; results for the relationship between custodial involvement and political attitudes and behavior, reduced... Read More
PDF
59 p.
2010
Document 024712
Expanding the Vote: State Felony Disenfranchisement Reform, 1997-2010
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
An overview of felony disenfranchisement policy reform by state is provided. Since 1997 there have been 23 states that have “amended felony disenfranchisement policies in an effort to reduce their restrictiveness and expand voter eligibility” (p. 1).... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2010
Document 024902
Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Confronting Issues of Race and Dignity
By Pinard, Michael.
The impact of the loss of certain rights upon an individual’s release from incarceration is examined. “These consequences include ineligibility for public and government-assisted housing, public benefits, and various forms of employment, as well as civic exclusions such as ineligibility for jury services and disenfranchisement” (p. 459). This article is divided into the following parts: a comparative approach to collateral consequences; collateral consequences in the U.S. and the comparison coun... Read More
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78 pages
2008
Document 023575
Do No Harm: An Analysis of the Legal and Social Consequences of Child Visitation Determinations for Incarcerated Perpetrators of Extreme Acts of Violence Against Women
By Conner, Dana Harrington.
The right of a male batterer to visit his child(ren) is discussed. Sections of this paper include: introduction; defining the issues; the problem of prison visitation determinations; rights versus interests; in search of a standard -- the court's choice, parent and child relations, and the nature of the crime; factors for considerations in prison visitation cases -- legal presumption, best interest, trauma to the child(ren), and supervision and transportation; the response of the community; and... Read More
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81 p.
2007
Document 022570
Jails and the Constitution: An Overview
By Collins, William C.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This publication "reviews the history of correctional law and summarizes the results and effects of major court decisions" (p. 4). Sections comprising this document include: introduction; history of court involvement; corrections and the Constitution in a new century; the Constitution and the physical plant; understanding Section 1983 lawsuits; how courts evaluate claims -- the balancing test; the First Amendment; the Fourth Amendment; the Eighth Amendment -- overview; the 8th Amendment -- use ... Read More
PDF
93 p.
1998
Document 014848
Jail Design and Operation and the Constitution: An Overview
By Collins, William C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Constitution protects inmates in jails and prisons, and this paper discusses the continuing challenge of deciding what those protections mean in practice and the struggle to assure that inmate rights are met. "Condition cases" have resulted in courts reducing jail populations and have a great impact on facility design and operation and the cost of operating a jail. Legal issues whose impact are primarily operational are also highlighted. The title: Jails and the Constitution: An Overview (#0... Read More
PDF
77 p.
1997
Document 013682
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 1997
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused on two issues: privatization of correctional facilities and the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996. Ten presenters provide arguments for and against privatization. Political environment, contract terms, personnel, cost of operation, monitoring, and accountability are highlighted. The Prison Litigation Reform Act is explained and commented upon by two attorneys, Lynn Lund and William Collins. Appendices include the meeting agenda and list of participants.... Read More
PDF
52 p.
1987
Document 005425
Basic Guide to Mental Health Services in Jails: The Workbook
By Lloyd, Lillis M.. Correctional Management Consultants (Phoenix, AZ); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Areas addressed include history of mental health in jails, major types of mental disorders, personality disorders, suicide awareness/prevention, and liability and negligence. Length of training is sixteen hours. Audience includes correctional professionals such as officers, mental health staff, social workers, counselors, nurses, and intake and classification workers. The training package consists of a one-volume manual.... Read More
PDF
120 p.
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