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2014
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Beyond Bullying: How Hostile School Climate Perpetuates the School-to-Prison Pipeline for LGBT Youth
By Mitchum, Preston; Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent report explaining how “school climate has a profound impact on the mental, physical, and emotional health of LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] students and is a crucial factor in pushing these students out of school and into the juvenile justice system … Hostile school climate perpetuates higher rates of truancy, absenteeism, and dropping out for LGBT youth, heightening the risk of arrest for those students already particularly susceptible” (p. 6). LGBT youth ma... Read More

39 pages
2013
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Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More

227 minutes
2013
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National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More

2013
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EEOC’s Criminal Record Guidance One Year Later: Lessons from the Community
By Dietrich, Sharon M.. Community Legal Services, Inc. (Philadelphia, PA).
This report examines the compliance of employers with enforcement guidance provided by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) regarding the use of criminal records in the hiring of people who have criminal records (including non-convictions). Sections of this brief include: introduction; at the grassroots level, criminal records are an intractable barrier to employment; impact of the Guidance—some changes in employer behavior, but miles to go; overcoming criminal record stigma to fac... Read More

12 pages
2013
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Democracy Imprisoned: A Review of the Prevalence and Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in the United States
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); ACLU of Florida (Miami, FL); Hip Hop Caucus (Washington, DC); Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (Washington, DC); Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights (Washington, DC); National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (Baltimore MD); NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report “includes an overview of the history of and rationale for felony disenfranchisement laws in the United States, considers the U.S.’ disenfranchisement practices in the context of other nations, and discusses recent state law developments” (p. 1). Sections of this report include: reporting organizations; introduction and issue summary—disproportionate impact of felony disenfranchisement laws on minorities, history and rationale of felony disenfranchisement laws, the United States in in... Read More

12 pages
2013
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Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison
By Blandford, Alex M.; Osher, Fred. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY); Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY).
The Behavioral Health Framework developed to “help professionals in the corrections and behavioral health systems take a coordinated approach to reducing recidivism and advancing recovery” is explained (p. 2). Sections of this publication cover: building effective partnerships through a shared vision; health care reform and opportunities for expanded access to behavioral health services; prioritizing enrollment to facilitate transition; the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model; implications for su... Read More

43 pages
2013
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The Prison Desk at the National Radio Project: New Voices Exploring Human Rights and Social Justice
National Radio Project. Prison Desk (Oakland, CA).
"The National Radio Project Prison Desk produces 29-minute shows and short segments committed to in-depth reporting on and critical analysis of incarceration in the US and worldwide" (p. 1). This website provides access to: recent shows; past NRP shows on prison issues; Prison Desk mission; and information on how to get involved.... Read More

2013
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Webinar: The Recidivism Reduction Checklists: A Resource for State Leaders and Corrections Agencies
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
“Three checklists are introduced during this webinar, each tailored to distinct audiences: 1) Executive and Legislative Policymakers; 2) State Corrections Administrators; 3) State Reentry Coordinators. During this webinar a distinguished panel of state corrections directors, policy staff, and state reentry coordinators discussed the content of the checklists, as well as ways that state corrections administrators and their staff can use the checklists to bolster recidivism reduction efforts withi... Read More
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9 minutes + 37 pages
2013
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Ban the Box: Major U.S. Cities and Counties Adopt Fair Hiring Policies to Remove Unfair Barriers to Employment of People with Criminal Records
National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY).
'At the same time that the numbers of workers with criminal records have risen, the background check industry has expanded and overall, more employers are now using background checks as an employment screen than ever before. This resource guide documents the cities and counties that have recognized the devastating impact of these trends and taken steps to remove barriers to employment for qualified workers with criminal records, specifically by removing conviction history questions from job appl... Read More
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34 pages
2013
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Criminal Records in the Digital Age: A Review of Current Practices and Recommendations for Reform in Texas
By Gaebler, Helen. University of Texas. School of Law. William Wayne Justice Center for Public Interest Law (Austin, TX).
“It is time to broaden the reentry discussion and take a comprehensive look at how criminal records are accessed, disseminated, and utilized in this digital age and to find ways to make the criminal justice system more effective at providing meaningful opportunities for successful and lasting reintegration into our communities” (p. 2). This report explains how access to criminal records can damage efforts for successful reentry and provides suggestions on how to solve this challenge. Eight secti... Read More
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43 pages
2012
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Integrating Tribal Cultural Practices into Tribal Juvenile Detention Centers and Reentry Plans
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Resource Center (TJDR) (Washington, DC).
“Traditional cultural ceremonies and practices are integral parts of life for youth, families and communities across Indian Country. Cultural practices and ceremonies teach values of respect, responsibility, health and wellness. These teachings can be especially important for youth who are incarcerated, and those who are preparing to reenter their communities after serving time in a juvenile detention center. Cultural ceremonies and practices, including sweat lodges, talking circles, and storyte... Read More
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5 pages
2012
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Improving the Juvenile Justice System for Girls: Lessons from the States
By Watson, Liz; Edelman, Peter. Atlantic Philanthropies (New York, NY); Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD); Open Society Foundations. Special Fund for Poverty Alleviation (New York, NY). Georgetown University Law Center. Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC).
The trials girls undergo in the juvenile justice system are described along with strategies for implementing gender-responsive reform. This report is comprised of five parts: introduction'girls' pathways into the juvenile justice system, and a brief history of recent girl-focused reform efforts; learning from state and local innovation; the architecture of state and local reform; federal policy recommendations to support state and local reform efforts; and conclusion. 'As this report demonstrate... Read More
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57 pages
2012
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Can a Faith-Based Prison Reduce Recidivism
By Johnson, Byron R..
The use of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI) in Texas prisons is evaluated. This program appears to be a promising strategy for promoting prosocial behavior. 'IFI is a Christ-centered, Bible-based prison program that supports and encourages inmates through a process of spiritual and moral transformation, which begins while they are incarcerated and continues after release' (p. 61). The program has three phases: two while in prison lasting 16-24 months and an aftercare phase of 6 to 12 mon... Read More
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3 pages
2012
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National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). American Bar Association (ABA). Criminal Justice Section (Chicago, IL); National Instate of Justice (Washington, DC).
Through the 'National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction ' each jurisdiction's collateral consequences will be made accessible to the public through a website that can be searched and sorted by categories and keywords. The website will make it possible for criminal and civil lawyers to determine which collateral consequences are triggered by particular categories of offenses, for affected individuals to understand the limits on their rights and opportunities, and for lawmake... Read More
WEB
2012
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Referring Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings to Mentoring Programs: Effective Strategies and Practices to Improving the Mentoring Experience for At-Risk and High-Risk Youth: A Resource Compendium
By Miller, J. Mitchell; Miller, Holly Ventura; Barnes, J.C.; Clark, Pamela A.; Jones, Michael A.; Quiros, Ronald J.; Peterson, Scott Bernard. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). MENTOR: National Mentoring Partnership (Boston, MA); Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth. This research study [“Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: An Exploratory Analysis”], which used multiple methods to capture data from mentoring and juvenile justice settings, provides a deeper understanding of h... Read More

162 pages
2012
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Documentary Disenfranchisement
By Allen, Jessie. University of Pittsburgh. School of Law (Pittsburgh, PA).
Documentary disenfranchisement is the “permanent enforcement of nominally temporary voting bans … accomplished through election officials’ demands for nonexistent eligibility documents from people with criminal convictions” (p. 391). Individuals working with ex-offenders that are under a temporary ban from voting should read this article to become acquainted with case law that may impact their clients. Sections of this article include: introduction; background—the standard picture of felony dise... Read More
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77 pages
2012
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Veterans Treatment Court Resources
Justice for Vets (Justice4Vets) (Alexandria, VA).
Information regarding Veteran Treatment Courts (VTCs) can be found on this website. 'Veteran Treatment Courts hold veterans accountable to themselves and to the community ' The Veterans Treatment Court model requires regular court appearances (a bi-weekly minimum in the early phases of the program), as well as mandatory attendance at treatment sessions and frequent and random testing for substance use (drug and/or alcohol). Veterans respond favorably to this structured environment given their p... Read More
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2012
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Performance Incentive Funding: Aligning Fiscal and Operational Responsibility to Produce More Safety at Less Cost
Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC); Metropolis Strategies (Chicago, IL).
'With PIF [performance incentive funding], agencies or localities receive a financial reward for delivering fewer prison commitments through reduced recidivism and revocations that, in turn, must be reinvested into evidence-based programs in the community' (p. 2). This report explains how an agency can design and implement a PIF program that reduces costs while ensuring public safety, a viable option for your locality. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction; the problem... Read More
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24 pages
2012
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Anger Management for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Clients: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Manual [and] Participant Workbook [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]|Revised [edition]
By Reilly, Patrick M.; Shopshire, Michael S.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD).
'Despite the connection of anger and violence to substance abuse, few treatments have been developed to address anger and violence problems among people who abuse substances. Clinicians have found the dearth of treatment approaches for this important issue disheartening. To provide clinicians with tools to help deal with this important issue, the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration is pleased to present 'Anger Management for Subst... Read More
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2 volumes (volume 1 - 68 pages, volume 2 - 49 pages)
2012
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Psychopathy: An Important Forensic Concept for the 21st Century
By Babiak, Paul; Folino, Jorge; Hancock, Jeffrey; Hare, Robert D.; Logan, Matthew; Mayer, Elizabeth Leon; Meloy, J. Reid; Hakkanen-Nyholm, Helina; O'Toole, Mary Ellen; Pinizzotto, Anthony; Porter, Stephen; Smith, Sharon; Woodworth, Michael.
This article provides a great portrait of who a psychopath is. It covers: psychopathy and personality disorder; traits and characteristics; chameleons and predators; myth busting; presence in society; assessment tool; victims; and concluding remarks. 'Psychopathy has been described as the single most important clinical construct in the criminal justice system. More recently, it is considered 'the most important forensic concept of the early 21st century.' Because of its relevance to law enforcem... Read More
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6 pages
2012
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State Reforms Reducing Collateral Consequences for People with Criminal Records: 2011-2012 Legislative Round-Up
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); Crossroad Bible Instate (Grandville, MI); National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY); National H.I.R.E. Network (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
'Collateral consequences are the additional penalties tied to a conviction that greatly impact an individual's capacity to engage politically, economically and socially upon their reentry to society. These consequences include barriers to housing, education, and employment, felony disenfranchisement, and ineligibility for public benefits. Collateral consequences are distinct from direct consequences of convictions in that they are not factored into the calculation of punishment or sentencing, an... Read More
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20 pages
2012
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Faith Based Programs for Offender Reentry-US Department of Justice-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Schneeberg, Eugene. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
'The program interviews Eugene Schneeberg Director, Center for Faith-based & Neighborhood Partnerships at the U.S. Department of Justice. The Center's goal is to strengthen and expand partnerships with faith and community-based organizations throughout the country and provide critical support to people in need. The office serves as a bridge between local and national non-profit organizations and the Department of Justice. They seek to connect faith and community-based organizations with relevant... Read More
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2012
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Technology in Corrections-Corrections Technology Center of Excellence-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Russo, Joe. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
"The program interviews Joe Russo, Director, Corrections Technology Center of Excellence, funded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. Joe addresses the use of GPS tracking of offenders, methods to search computers owned by offenders and additional corrections and law enforcement technology under development by the center."... Read More
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2011
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Voting Behind Bars: An Argument for Voting by Prisoners
By Mauer, Marc.
“This Essay makes the argument that felony disenfranchisement policies are inherently undemocratic no matter how applied, including for persons serving prison sentences” (p. 550). This article is divided into six parts: overview of felony disenfranchisement in the U.S.; the modern-day movement for disenfranchisement reform; challenging prisoner disenfranchisement—the philosophical debate; disenfranchisement of prisoners is counterproductive for democracy and public safety; international perspect... Read More
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18 pages
2011
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Pierce County Veterans Treatment Court: Mentor Program Handbook
Pierce County Veterans Drug Court (Tacoma, WA).
'With the increase of veterans with serious needs, comes the need for the system to develop new innovative ways of working to address these issues and needs. This is why Pierce County has developed the Pierce County Veterans Mentor Program. This program, with the help of volunteer veteran mentors, link veterans with service providers who can help treat the veteran's needs that have risen from their service. The goal of the mentor program is to provide the veteran with a positive role model who c... Read More
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53 pages
2010
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Implementing Veterans Courts or Programs in the State of Illinois
Governor of Illinois. Governor's Task Force on Veterans and Service Members Courts (Springfield, IL).
Sections of this guide cover: getting prepared'background reading; identifying the stakeholders and players; beginning the process'the framework; drafting a protocol and administrative orders for the program and a handbook for defendants; training--administered prior to the opening of the court or program and should continue on an annual basis; opening the court'educating the community; and the 10 key components of a drug court. Addendums include: Illinois Veterans and Servicemembers Court Treat... Read More
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100 pages
2010
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Muhammad Shabazz Farrakan et al, Plaintiffs-Appellants v. Christine O. Gregoire et al, Defendants-Appellees; No. 06-35669
U.S. Court of Appeals (9th).
“Plaintiffs, minority citizens of Washington state who have lost their right to vote pursuant to the state’s felon disenfranchisement provision, filed this action in 1996 challenging that provision on the ground that, due to racial discrimination in the state’s criminal justice system, the automatic disenfranchisement of felons results in the denial of the right to vote on account of race, in violation of § 2 of the Voting Rights Act (“VRA”), 42 U.S.C. § 1973…We reverse and grant summary judgmen... Read More
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51 p.
2010
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Hearing on: H.R. 3335, the "Democracy Restoration Act of 2009"
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties (Washington, DC); LexisNexis. CQ Transcriptions (Washington, DC).
Access to an often enthusiastic discussion on felons’ right to vote can be accessed at this website. A video webcast and witness testimonies are available. A transcript of the hearing is also available from The Sentencing Project.... Read More
WEB
1 p. + 39 p.
2010
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Prisoners Rights Resources
By Moreland, Margaret R.. Pace Law School Library (White Plains, NY).
A collection of links and other information about prisoners' rights can be found at this website. Resources are organized into the following topical areas: substantive law—international, federal, state, foreign, and Council of Europe; procedural law—due process, federal, state, exhaustion of remedies, and remedies; commentary—research guides, statistics, reports and articles, online resources, agencies, and organizations; censorship; classification; conditions of confinement; cruel and unusual ... Read More
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33 p.
2010
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Prisoners' Right to Read: An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights
American Library Association (Chicago, IL).
This document explains why inmates have a right to particular forms of information while incarcerated.... Read More
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2 p.
2010
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Political Consequences of the Carceral State
By Weaver, Vesla M.; Lerman, Amy E..
This study is “the first systematic empirical exploration of how criminal justice involvement shapes the citizenship, political capital, and political voice of a growing swath of Americans” (p. 2). These sections follow and abstract: the political impact of the carceral state; characterizing the punitive intervention; understanding how the carceral state shapes citizenship; data and measures; results for the relationship between custodial involvement and political attitudes and behavior, reduced... Read More
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59 p.
2010
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Expanding the Vote: State Felony Disenfranchisement Reform, 1997-2010
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
An overview of felony disenfranchisement policy reform by state is provided. Since 1997 there have been 23 states that have “amended felony disenfranchisement policies in an effort to reduce their restrictiveness and expand voter eligibility” (p. 1).... Read More
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32 pages
2010
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Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Confronting Issues of Race and Dignity
By Pinard, Michael.
The impact of the loss of certain rights upon an individual’s release from incarceration is examined. “These consequences include ineligibility for public and government-assisted housing, public benefits, and various forms of employment, as well as civic exclusions such as ineligibility for jury services and disenfranchisement” (p. 459). This article is divided into the following parts: a comparative approach to collateral consequences; collateral consequences in the U.S. and the comparison coun... Read More
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78 pages
2007
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Jails and the Constitution: An Overview
By Collins, William C.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This publication "reviews the history of correctional law and summarizes the results and effects of major court decisions" (p. 4). Sections comprising this document include: introduction; history of court involvement; corrections and the Constitution in a new century; the Constitution and the physical plant; understanding Section 1983 lawsuits; how courts evaluate claims -- the balancing test; the First Amendment; the Fourth Amendment; the Eighth Amendment -- overview; the 8th Amendment -- use ... Read More
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93 p.
1998
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Jail Design and Operation and the Constitution: An Overview
By Collins, William C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Constitution protects inmates in jails and prisons, and this paper discusses the continuing challenge of deciding what those protections mean in practice and the struggle to assure that inmate rights are met. "Condition cases" have resulted in courts reducing jail populations and have a great impact on facility design and operation and the cost of operating a jail. Legal issues whose impact are primarily operational are also highlighted. The title: Jails and the Constitution: An Overview (#0... Read More
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77 p.
1997
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Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 1997
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused on two issues: privatization of correctional facilities and the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996. Ten presenters provide arguments for and against privatization. Political environment, contract terms, personnel, cost of operation, monitoring, and accountability are highlighted. The Prison Litigation Reform Act is explained and commented upon by two attorneys, Lynn Lund and William Collins. Appendices include the meeting agenda and list of participants.... Read More
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52 p.
1987
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Basic Guide to Mental Health Services in Jails: The Workbook
By Lloyd, Lillis M.. Correctional Management Consultants (Phoenix, AZ); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Areas addressed include history of mental health in jails, major types of mental disorders, personality disorders, suicide awareness/prevention, and liability and negligence. Length of training is sixteen hours. Audience includes correctional professionals such as officers, mental health staff, social workers, counselors, nurses, and intake and classification workers. The training package consists of a one-volume manual.... Read More
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120 p.
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