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Browsing Documents Related to 'State Legislation'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 027927
The State of Sentencing 2013: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
State level legislative changes to criminal justice policy during 2013 are highlighted. These 47 policy reforms made by 31 states impact sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice. “State sentencing reforms in 2013 continue trends that The Sentencing Project has documented for several legislative cycles. But despite the changes, there continues to be a great need to address the nation’s high rate of incarceration. The challenge now is to build on these gains ... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2014
Document 027905
Playbook for Change? States Reconsider Mandatory Sentences
By Subramanian, Ram; Delaney, Ruth. Vera Institute of Justice. Centering on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
“Since 2000, at least 29 states have taken steps to roll back mandatory sentences, with 32 bills passed in just the last five years. Most legislative activity has focused on adjusting penalties for nonviolent drug offenses through the use of one or a combination of the following reform approaches: 1) expanding judicial discretion through the creation of so-called “safety value” provisions, 2) limiting automatic sentence enhancements, and 3) repealing or revising mandatory minimum sentences. In t... Read More
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28 pages
2014
Document 028033
States Divided on Felon Voting Rights: Interactive
Pew Charitable Trusts. State and Consumer Initiatives (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent resource for those individuals working with individuals released from incarceration. It has a map of the United States which the user hovers over individual states to see their policies regarding the voting rights of ex-offenders with felony convictions. Access is provided to two interactive tabs: “Voter Disenfranchisement By State” which shows the total number of disenfranchised voters and the percentage of the voting-age population disenfranchised; and “Felon Voting Rights... Read More
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2014
Document 028286
Recalibrating Justice: A Review of 2013 State Sentencing and Corrections Trends
By Subramanian, Ram; Moreno, Rebecka; Broomhead, Sharyn. Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
"In 2013, 35 states passed at least 85 bills to change some aspect of how their criminal justice systems address sentencing and corrections. In reviewing this legislative activity, the Vera Institute of Justice found that policy changes have focused mainly on the following five areas: reducing prison populations and costs; expanding or strengthening community-based corrections; implementing risk and needs assessments; supporting offender reentry into the community; and making better informed cri... Read More
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48 pages
2014
Document 027916
National Inventory of the Collateral Consequences of Conviction
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). American Bar Association (ABA). Criminal Justice Section (Washington, DC.
“Persons convicted of crime are subject to a wide variety of legal and regulatory sanctions and restrictions in addition to the sentence imposed by the court. These so- called “collateral consequences” of conviction have been promulgated with little coordination in disparate sections of state and federal codes, which makes it difficult for anyone to identify all of the penalties and disabilities that are triggered by conviction of a particular offense … Through the National Inventory, each juris... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027805
Evaluation of the Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification Program
By Irazola, Seri; Williamson, Erin; Niedzwiecki, Emily; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Stricker, Julie. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). ICF International (Fairfax, VA).
Results from an evaluation of Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification (SAVIN) programs are presented. “Automated victim notification (AVN) is often touted as an effective and efficient means for providing victims timely and accurate information of their offenders’ court events and status changes at reduced burden to the criminal justice system. AVN systems, first introduced in 1994, operate by receiving electronic data (e.g., case number, offender demographics) from participating... Read More
PDF
359 pages
2013
Document 027807
Transition Age Youth With Mental Health Challenges in the Juvenile Justice System
By Zajac, Kristyn; Sheidow, Ashli L.; Davis, Maryann. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD); National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (Bethesda, MD); National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Bethesda, MD); National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) (Washington, DC). Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health (TA Partnership) (Washington, DC); National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
Anyone working with transitional youth, individuals aged 16 to 25 years, needs to read this brief. It will help you in understanding their mental health problems, recidivism, and effective transition to adulthood. Sections of this brief include: overview, development during transition to adulthood, and potential pitfalls of the transition age; mental health problems and juvenile justice involvement during the transition age; critical issues facing justice-involved transition age youth with menta... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2013
Document 027387
The Comeback States: Reducing Youth Incarceration in the United States
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC); Texas Public Policy Foundation (TPPF) (Austin, TX).
“The Comeback States” is essential reading for anyone involved in the juvenile justice system. This report looks at the policy reforms of nine states that reduced the number of their detained and incarcerated youth. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—shedding new light on youth incarceration in the United States—shifts in reliance in incarceration, and state policy changes that help pave the way; the surge in reliance on youth incarceration during the 1980s and 1990s; the ... Read More
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54 pages
2013
Document 027512
Study Group on the Transitions between Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime Final Technical Reports
National Institute of Justice. Study Group on the Transitions between Juvenile Delinquency and Adult Crime (Washington, DC).
This set of bulletins is necessary reading if you want to be up-to-date on what is known about juvenile delinquency. This collection is comprised of: “Bulletin 1: From Juvenile Delinquency to Young Adult Offending” by Rolf Loeber, David P. Farrington, and David Petechuk; “Bulletin 2: Criminal Career Patterns” by Alex R. Piquero, J. David Hawkins, Lila Kazemian, and Petechuk; “Bulletin 3: Explanations for Offending” by Terence P. Thornberry, Peggy C. Giordano, Christopher Uggen, Mauri Matsuda, An... Read More
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2013
Document 027218
Justice Reinvestment in Action: The Delaware Model
By James, Juliene. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
This brief describes the efforts the state of Delaware has made using justice reinvestment to reduce its incarcerated population while ensuring public safety. “Justice reinvestment is a data-driven approach to corrections policy that seeks to cut spending and reinvest savings in practices that have been empirically shown to improve safety and hold offenders accountable … As other jurisdictions consider how best to invest limited public safety dollars, Dela¬ware’s experience offers a helpful exam... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 027172
Pretrial Release Eligibility
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“State constitutions and statutes specify which defendants may be detained before trial … However, denial of release is not absolute. A court must make certain determinations before ordering detention … While state laws broadly provide for presumption of release, they also define who is and is not eligible for pretrial release, and under what conditions.” A chart showing pretrial release eligibility by state is available at this website. The chart shows the state and its governing statute, presu... Read More
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3 pages
2013
Document 027173
Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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2 pages
2013
Document 027173
Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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2 pages
2013
Document 027438
Prison Gerrymandering Project
Prison Policy Initiative. Prison Gerrymandering Project (Northampton, MA).
This is an excellent resource for getting up-to-date on this issue threatening the democratic process. “The way the Census Bureau counts people in prison creates significant problems for democracy and for our nation’s future. It leads to a dramatic distortion of representation at local and state levels, and creates an inaccurate picture of community populations for research and planning purposes. Some state legislative districts draw large portions of their political clout, not from actual resid... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027585
Turning off the Spigot: How Sentencing Safety Valves can Help States Protect Public Safety and Save Money
By Gill, Molly M.. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
“This report examines several states’ ‘‘safety valve’’ statutes — legislation that allows judges to bypass a mandatory sentence under certain circumstances … a safety valve for cases where the mandatory minimum sentence would be unjust … [It] should serve as a guide to lawmakers and policy advisors across the country who are seeking to reduce their states’ inmate populations and save precious resources currently spent on incarceration” (p. 349). Sections of this report discuss: the rising costs ... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2013
Document 015118
OVC National Resource Directory of Victim Assistance Funding Opportunities
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (Washington, DC). Victim Services (New York); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (Washington, DC).
Noted by State, this directory lists contact names, mailing addresses, phone numbers and e-mail addresses for Federal grants programs that provide assistance to crime victims. These Federal programs include: the Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Formula Grant Program (Byrne Program), Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA), Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant (PHHSBG), STOP Violence Against Women Act Program (VAWA), Victims of Crime Act (V... Read More
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1 p.
2013
Document 021387
Fifty-State Survey of Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Custody
NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
This document provides information regarding enacting state, statute number, statute title, coverage, definition and notes, penalties, and defenses (if given) for criminal laws prohibiting sexual abuse of inmates by staff.... Read More
PDF
174 p.
2012
Document 023803
Fifty State Survey of Vulnerable Persons Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WUL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document provides information regarding enacting state, statute number, statute title, coverage, definitions and notes, penalties, and applicability to youth for criminal laws prohibiting the abuse of individuals by their caregivers.... Read More
PDF
364 p.
2012
Document 025685
The State of Sentencing 2011: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
Individuals at the state legislative level should look at this report for ideas on how to reduce corrections costs while maintaining public safety. Topics discussed include: key criminal justice policy reforms and legislation passed in 2011; sentencing; probation and parole; collateral consequences; juvenile justice; and policy recommendations.... Read More
PDF
26 p.
2012
Document 025879
Alternative Sentencing Policies for Drug Offenders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Kansas Senate Bill 123, Executive Summary [and] Final Report
By Stemen, Don; Rengifo, Andres F.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The impact of the first five years of “mandatory community-based supervision and substance abuse treatment for [nonviolent] individuals convicted of a first or second offense of simple drug possession” on recidivism rates and prison populations is assessed (p. 2). The following chapters and conclusions and recommendations are contained in the final report: methodology; sentencing practices; supervision and treatment practices; the individual-level impact of SB 123; the system-level impact; crimi... Read More
PDF
17 pages + 264 pages
2012
Document 026080
Glossary of Legislative Budget Terms
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Juvenile Justice Network (Washington, DC).
Terms related to legislative budgeting issues are defined.... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2012
Document 026370
Trends in Juvenile Justice State Legislation: 2001-2011
Models for Change (Washington, DC). National Conference of State Legislatures (Denver, CO).
“States are re-evaluating their juvenile justice systems in order to identify methods that produce better results for kids at lower cost. This has contributed to a state legislative trend to realign fiscal resources from state institutions toward more effective community-based services” (p. 3). Sections following an executive summary discuss: distinguishing juvenile offenders from adults—adolescent developmental research, federal standards, raising the age of juvenile court jurisdiction, reformi... Read More
WEB
16 pages
2012
Document 026690
State Reforms Reducing Collateral Consequences for People with Criminal Records: 2011-2012 Legislative Round-Up
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); Crossroad Bible Instate (Grandville, MI); National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY); National H.I.R.E. Network (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
'Collateral consequences are the additional penalties tied to a conviction that greatly impact an individual's capacity to engage politically, economically and socially upon their reentry to society. These consequences include barriers to housing, education, and employment, felony disenfranchisement, and ineligibility for public benefits. Collateral consequences are distinct from direct consequences of convictions in that they are not factored into the calculation of punishment or sentencing, an... Read More
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20 pages
2012
Document 026715
Faith Based Programs for Offender Reentry-US Department of Justice-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Schneeberg, Eugene. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
'The program interviews Eugene Schneeberg Director, Center for Faith-based & Neighborhood Partnerships at the U.S. Department of Justice. The Center's goal is to strengthen and expand partnerships with faith and community-based organizations throughout the country and provide critical support to people in need. The office serves as a bridge between local and national non-profit organizations and the Department of Justice. They seek to connect faith and community-based organizations with relevant... Read More
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2012
Document 026716
Technology in Corrections-Corrections Technology Center of Excellence-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Russo, Joe. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
"The program interviews Joe Russo, Director, Corrections Technology Center of Excellence, funded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. Joe addresses the use of GPS tracking of offenders, methods to search computers owned by offenders and additional corrections and law enforcement technology under development by the center."... Read More
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2012
Document 026714
Can a Faith-Based Prison Reduce Recidivism
By Johnson, Byron R..
The use of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI) in Texas prisons is evaluated. This program appears to be a promising strategy for promoting prosocial behavior. 'IFI is a Christ-centered, Bible-based prison program that supports and encourages inmates through a process of spiritual and moral transformation, which begins while they are incarcerated and continues after release' (p. 61). The program has three phases: two while in prison lasting 16-24 months and an aftercare phase of 6 to 12 mon... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2012
Document 026819
2012 Pretrial Release Legislation Overview
National Conferences of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“This overview identifies and describes significant actions and trends within this collection of [pretrial] legislation” (p. 1). Sections of this report cover: pretrial release eligibility--crime specific restrictions, risk assessments for pretrial release, and offenses committed during release; pretrial release options—non-monetary bail (release on recognizance (ROR), electronic monitoring, and pretrial services programs), and monetary bail; commercial bond regulation—commercial bond business p... Read More
WEB
4 pages
2012
Document 026853
Vigilance Fatigue in Policing: A Critical Threat to Public Safety and Officer Well-Being
By Krause, Meredith.
The impact of vigilance fatigue on the effectiveness of threat analysis and management is explained. Vigilance fatigue is “the failure to accurately perceive, identify, or analyze bona fide threats due to 1) prolonged exposure to ambiguous, unspecified, and ubiquitous threat information; 2) information overload; 3) overwhelming pressure to maintain exceptional, error-free performance; and 4) faulty strategies for structuring informed decision making under conditions of uncertainty and stress” (p... Read More
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9 pages
2012
Document 027319
Improving the Carceral Conditions of Federal Immigrant Detainees
By Martin, Matthew J. .
The need to classify nonfederal facilities as government agents accountable under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) is explained. The following three sections make up this Note: recent trends in federal immigrant detention—detention in nonfederal prisons, and widespread abuse and neglect of federal immigrant detainees; legislative and executive intervention—motivated attributional biases concerning unpopular groups, and political power; and judicial remedies—suing nonfederal prisons, and suing ... Read More
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22 pages
2012
Document 027715
Fifty State Survey of Sexual Assault Statutes
NIC Cooperative Agreement # 06S20GJJ1. NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
Statutes regarding sexual assaults are compiled and reported. Each entry supplies the following information (if provided)—statute, definitions, and penalty. ... Read More
PDF
554 pages
2012
Document 027174
Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027174
Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027652
Child-Victims’ Independent Participation in the Criminal Justice System
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims and Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC). Lewis & Clark Law School. National Crime Victims Law Institute (NCVLI) (Portland, OR).
“The choice of how, when, and the extent to which one participates in the justice system is important to victims; it is a means by which victims can enhance or regain control over their lives, and it can improve victims’ psychological and emotional well-being. Nearly every state has a statute that establishes who may assert child victims’ rights in criminal proceedings … This Bulletin examines the structure of these statutes and provides tips to assist practitioners representing child-victims wh... Read More
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5 pages
2012
Document 027390
Memorandum of Agreement Regarding the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Civil Rights Division (Washington, DC).
This Memorandum of Agreement (MOM) addresses the practices of the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County (JCMSC) in its administration of juvenile justice and conditions of confinement for detained youth. Agencies involved in detaining youth should read this document in order to evaluate their own practices and deal with deficiencies that may exist. This document is divided into eight parts: introduction; definitions; substantive remedial measures—due process, DMC and equal protection, and ... Read More
PDF
43 pages.
2012
Document 023679
Fifty State Survey of Mandatory Reporting Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Mandatory reporting state statutes regarding the sexual abuse of children are compiled and reported. Entries include (if provided) the following information: state; mandatory reporting statutes name; what has to be reported; relevant definitions; persons required to report; reporting procedures; and penalty for failure to report.... Read More
PDF
368 p.
2011
Document 025476
State Reforms Promoting Employment of People with Criminal Records: 2010-11 Legislative Round-Up
By Rodriguez, Michelle Natividad; Farid, Elizabeth; Porter, Nicole. National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC); National H.I.R.E. Network (New York, NY).
State reforms enacted in 2010 and 2011 “that allow qualified people with criminal records to compete more fairly for employment” are noted along with “state trends of concern that broadly restrict employment based on a criminal record” (p. 1). Policies are organized according to: inventories of collateral consequences; fair hiring and occupational licensing standards; restoration of eligibility for employment and occupational licensing; expungement and sealing of records; prohibiting discriminat... Read More
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23 pages
2011
Document 025466
Chapter 72.65 RCW: Work Release Program
Washington State Legislature (Olympia, WA).
Rules governing the work release program for Washington State adult correctional facilities are noted. Sections of this Chapter are: definitions; places of confinement -- extension of limits authorized, conditions, and application of section; application of prisoner to participate in program, contents, and application of section; approval or denial of application, adoption of work release plan, terms and conditions, revocation, reapplication, and application of section; disposition of earnings; ... Read More
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9 pages
2011
Document 025481
Model State Legislation to Reduce Employment Barriers for People with Criminal Records
By Rodriguez, Michelle Natividad; Clark, Melanca; Porter, Nicole; Farid, Elizabeth. National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC); National H.I.R.E. Network (New York, NY).
This resource is a set of slides from a presentation regarding the employment of ex-offenders with criminal records. Topics covered include: Federal Interagency Reentry Council activities; list of key resources; legislative roundup; raising awareness of collateral consequences through inventories; fairer hiring and occupational licensing standards; restoration of eligibility for employment and occupational licensing; expungement and sealing of criminal records; transition from incarceration to e... Read More
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39 pages
2011
Document 025497
Juvenile Justice Bill Tracking Database
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO); John D.and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL).
All pending and enacted bills on pertinent juvenile justice issues can be found in this database. It is searchable by state, topic, key word, year, status, and primary sponsor. Juvenile justice topics covered include: administration and organization; corrections/detention and conditions of confinement; defense, due process, and procedural; disposition options and proceedings; disproportionate minority contact; juvenile delinquency and gang prevention; juvenile sex offenders; mental health and su... Read More
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2011
Document 025496
State Sentencing and Corrections Legislation
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
This database of significant sentencing and corrections legislation recently enacted by states can be searched by state, topic, keyword, year, or primary sponsor. Legislative topics include: budget and oversight; community supervision administration; community supervision programs; correctional facility administration; diversion and sentencing alternatives; inmate programs; reentry barriers and access to services; reentry oversight and organization; reentry programs and supervision; release and ... Read More
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2011
Document 024887
The State of Sentencing 2010: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
Individuals at the state legislative level should look at this report for ideas on how to reduce corrections costs while maintaining public safety. Topics discussed include: key criminal justice policy reforms and legislation passed in 2010; sentencing; probation and parole; drug policy; prison census count; collateral consequences; juvenile justice; and policy recommendations.... Read More
PDF
22 p.
2011
Document 024924
State Trends: Legislative Victories from 2005 to 2010 Removing Youth from the Adult Criminal Justice System
By Arya, Neelum. Campaign for Youth Justice (Washington, DC).
Reforms that return youth back to juvenile courts, actions supported by public opinion and cost savings, are described. States looking to cut budget deficits will find useful strategies for dealing with these fiscal difficulties. Sections of this report include: how a youth ends up in the adult justice system; overview; understanding the consequences of trying youth as adults—teen brains are not fully developed, most youth are convicted of minor crimes, they are housed in adult facilities, such ... Read More
PDF
52 pages
2011
Document 025237
Principles of Effective State Sentencing and Corrections Policy
By Lawrewnce, Alison; Lyons, Donna. National Conference of State Legislatures. Sentencing and Corrections Work Group (Denver, CO).
Seven principles and related points regarding sentencing and corrections policymaking are presented. The intent of these principles “is to provide broad, balanced guidance to state lawmakers as they review and enact policies and make budgetary decisions that will affect community safety, management of criminal offenders, and allocation of corrections resources” (p. 1). The report also shows the principles at work in determining criminal sentences, managing offenders in the community, treating d... Read More
PDF
51 pages
2011
Document 025429
Juvenile Justice Guide Book for Legislators
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Conference of State Legislatures (Denver, CO).
Individuals needing a review of the most pressing issues impacting juvenile justice should refer to this guidebook. “This juvenile justice primer highlights significant research, program approaches and gives examples of state legislation.” Sections contained in this publication are: introduction and overview; adolescent development and competency; delinquency prevention and intervention; indigent defense, counsel, and procedural issues; mental health needs of juvenile offenders; disproportionate... Read More
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102 pages
2011
Document 025439
E-Bulletin: Sentencing and Corrections Policy Updates
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“This newsletter provides periodic updates on state sentencing and corrections legislation and budgets; highlights innovative policies and programs; and connects you with reports and news of upcoming NCSL [National Conference of State Legislatures] events.” Access points include current and previous issues of the E-Bulletin and archive of articles.... Read More
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2010
Document 025529
Cross Governmental Sentencing and Corrections Policy Forum
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (SJI) (Alexandria, VA). National Governors' Association. Center for Best Practices (Washington, DC); National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO); National Center for State Courts (Williamsburg, VA); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
“During the forum, nine state teams comprised of members from the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government convened to identify and evaluate strategies to improve state sentencing and corrections policies to reduce corrections costs and improve sentencing outcomes, while maintaining public safety.” Presentation overheads are provided for: “Evidence-Based Sentencing to Control Crime and Reduce Costs” by Roger Warren; “Criminal Justice Trends: Changes in Sentencing Policy 2001-20... Read More
WEB
2010
Document 024299
The State of Sentencing 2009: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
Individuals at the state legislative level should look at this report for ideas on how to reduce corrections costs while maintaining public safety. Topics discussed include: key criminal justice policy reforms and legislation passed in 2009; mandatory minimum sentences; other sentencing mandates; death penalty; oversight committee; parole; juveniles; sexual offense; ease of sanctions against ex-felons; and policy recommendations.... Read More
PDF
23 p.
2010
Document 024298
Downscaling Prisons: Lessons from Four States
By Green, Judith; Mauer, Marc. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
Policy makers in states looking to reduce the number of individuals incarcerated in their prisons should read this report. The practical ways (via policies and reforms) significant declines were achieved in the prison populations of Kansas, Michigan, New Jersey, and New York are explained. Substantial case studies are used to describe sentencing reforms, alternatives to “prison bound” people, reduction in time served in prison, parole release rates, revocation reductions, and other relevant topi... Read More
PDF
62 p.
2010
Document 024329
Proposition 36
Los Angeles County Public Health. Substance Abuse Prevention and Control (Los Angeles, CA).
This website provides answers to questions about California’s Proposition 36, in particular its operation in Los Angeles County.... Read More
WEB
2 p.
2010
Document 024569
It’s About Time: Aging Prisoners, Increasing Costs, and Geriatric Release
By Chiu, Tina. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
This report, “based upon a statutory review of geriatric release provisions…offers recommendations for responding to the disparities between geriatric release policies and practice” (p.2). Agencies will want to look this document over to see if they are compliant with their own geriatric release laws. These sections follow an executive summary: introduction; background; state approaches to releasing older inmates vary; examining the gap between intent and impact; recommendations; and conclusion.... Read More
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14 p.
2010
Document 024718
Making Law and Policy that Work: A Handbook for Law and Policy Makers on Reforming Criminal Justice and Penal Legislation, Policy and Practice
Sigrid Rausing Trust (London, England). Penal Reform International (London, England).
The authors “hope that this Handbook will stimulate interest in the many facets of criminal justice reform which go unexplored, and result in fair, humane and effective justice that respects the rights, characteristics and needs of all members of society” (p. 1). The sections of this guide are: principle sources for this publication; a fair and effective approach to criminal justice—underlying principles of law and policy reform; strategies for developing law and policy—establishing a process, i... Read More
PDF
104 pages
2010
Document 024712
Expanding the Vote: State Felony Disenfranchisement Reform, 1997-2010
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
An overview of felony disenfranchisement policy reform by state is provided. Since 1997 there have been 23 states that have “amended felony disenfranchisement policies in an effort to reduce their restrictiveness and expand voter eligibility” (p. 1).... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2010
Document 024765
State Government Redesign Efforts 2009 and 2010
By Stewart, Lauren. National Governors' Association. Center for Best Practices (Washington, DC).
Strategies for dealing with the severe budget shortfalls affecting state governments are examined. Readers will find useful information for dealing with their own budget cuts. In addition to an executive summary, this brief has sections covering the responses of governors in the policy areas of corrections, K-12 education, higher education, employee costs, shared services and agency consolidation, privatization and asset sales, and tax expenditures.... Read More
PDF
26 pages
2010
Document 023905
Fifty State Survey of Adult Sex Offender Registration Requirements
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
State requirements for the registration of adult sex offenders are compiled and presented. Responses (if given) are reported for: registrable offenses; whether those individuals convicted of staff sexual misconduct need to register; information maintained in sex offender registry; community notification and website; limitations on residency or employment; and duration of registration.... Read More
PDF
282 p.
2010
Document 025528
Smarter Choices ... Safer Communities
By Jerome, Richard. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
These presentation slides show how states can be tough on crime while also reducing the costs of corrections. Some of the topics covered include: who is behind bars; corrections costs; probation cost versus prison cost per day ($3.42 vs. $78.95); states can have less crime at a lower cost; a window of opportunity; less prison, more accountability; reinvestment support strong across party lines; and diverse states pursuing reinvestment strategies.... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2010
Document 024821
Criminal Justice Trends: Key Legislative Changes in Sentencing Policy, 2001-2010
By Austin, Adrienne. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
Changes in state sentencing policies during the period of 2001 to 2010 are discussed. Sections of this publication are: introduction; redefining and reclassifying criminal offenses'criminal codes, drug crimes, and property crimes; strengthening alternatives to incarceration'enhancing substance abuse treatment, establishing performance incentive funding (PIF), mandating evidence-based supervision, and expanding court-monitored treatment; and reducing prison terms'relaxing mandatory minimum laws, ... Read More
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18 pages
2009
Document 026015
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals Under Community Corrections Supervision
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws prohibiting the sexual abuse of individuals under community corrections supervision.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 026016
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Custody
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws prohibiting the sexual abuse of individuals in custody.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 026017
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Lock-Ups
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws prohibiting the sexual abuse of individuals in lock-ups.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 026018
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws prohibiting the sexual abuse of individuals in jails.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 026019
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals Under Correctional Supervision: Consent as a Defense
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws addressing the issue of consent in a relationship between staff and inmates.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 023949
State Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Custody Checklist
NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
Information regarding state laws that prohibit sexual abuse of offenders is presented. Data provided (if available) includes: statutes; coverage of all forms of sexual misconduct; agency coverage related to secure confinement facilities, community corrections, juvenile, and private; personnel coverage related to correctional employees, volunteers, juvenile workers, and contractors; defenses; and penalties.... Read More
PDF
29 p.
2009
Document 023900
Fifty State Survey of Official Misconduct Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Statutes regarding staff misconduct are compiled and reported. Each entry supplies the following information (if provided): statute; definitions; procedure; criminal penalty; and administrative penalty.... Read More
PDF
205 p.
2007
Document 022473
Breaking the Code of Silence: Correction Officers' Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Misconduct
By Smith, Brenda V.; Yarussi, Jaime M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Critical issues related to staff sexual misconduct with offenders are discussed. Sections of this handbook are: introduction; the need to talk about this now; what staff sexual misconduct entails; consequences of staff sexual misconduct; how correctional environments enable sexual misconduct; victimization; communication, gender, and abuse histories; tools for defining and identifying inappropriate relationships with offenders; what happens when an allegation of staff sexual misconduct is made;... Read More
PDF
119 p.
2006
Document 021769
50 State Survey of Sexual Offenses Against Children (Statutory Rape)
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The responses from a survey about laws concerning the statutory rape of children are presented. Offense type, description, and penalty are noted.... Read More
PDF
160 p.
2006
Document 021767
Policies Prohibiting Staff-Felon Relationships
By Smith, Brenda V.; Simonian, Nairi M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Case law concerning the relationships of correctional officers and inmates in prison or in the community is discussed. Sections of this memorandum include: background; brief answer -- it is permissible to limit staff inmate relationships; case law in the Ninth Circuit; Freedom of Association case law in other jurisdictions; exceptions to the majority view; and conclusion with seven tips for developing a policy prohibiting staff-offender relations.... Read More
PDF
15 p.
1997
Document 014398
Sexually Violent Offender Legislation
By Nelson, Keith O.. National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Results of a survey to determine states which have statutes providing for civil commitment of convicted sex offenders upon their release indicate that 19 have no current, pending, or previously introduced statutes. The remaining respondents report statutes with varying requirements and procedures. The author suggests ways in which the National Institute of Corrections could assist with risk assessment instruments.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
1992
Document 010043
Briefing Paper: Trends in Jail Privatization
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
This briefing paper provides an overview of trends in jail privatization as evident in the following models: private management, development of a facility by the private sector, and private sector services provision. The author summarizes pro and con arguments, growth trends and the current extent of privatization in jails. Appendix A presents policy statements on corrections privatization from the American Jail Association, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, t... Read More
PDF
24 p.
1992
Document 010132
Community Corrections Acts for State and Local Partnerships
By Shilton, Mary K.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). American Correctional Association (Laurel, MD).
With interest in intermediate punishments high for both social and economic reasons, states are increasingly adopting community corrections legislation. Intended for citizen advocates and justice decisionmakers, this manual describes the correctional pressures leading towards legislative action, examines the common and divergent characteristics of state laws, discusses considerations in implementing legislation, and reviews accomplishments of such legislation. A "Compendium of Community Correcti... Read More
PDF
53 p.
1986
Document 006258
Licensing Jail Employees in Minnesota
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Minnesota Jail Resource Center (St. Paul, MN); Minnesota State Sheriff's Association. Jail Employee Task Force (St. Paul, MN).
Title of project: Development of Minnesota Resources to Assist Jails. Included with the report is a video cassette entitled "Civil Liabilities" by Lynn Lund (VHS format, six hours running time).... Read More
PDF
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