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Date Title Type
2014
Document 027950
Solitary Confinement and Risk of Self-harm Among Jail Inmates
By Kaba, Fatos; Lewis, Andrea; Glowa-Kollisch, Sarah; Hadler, James; Lee, David; Alper, Howard; Selling, Daniel; MacDonald, Ross; Solimo, Angela; Parsons, Amanda; Venters, Homer.
“Those who harm themselves while in solitary confinement may be diverted from that punitive setting to a therapeutic setting outside solitary confinement, which may provide an incentive for self-harm. The purpose of this analysis was to better understand the complex risk factors associated with self-harm and consider whether patients might be better served with innovative approaches to their behavioral issues” (p. 442). Self-harm is strongly linked to being in solitary confinement. “Inmates puni... Read More
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6 pages
2014
Document 028307
Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Detained Youth
By Abram, Karen M.; Choe, Jeanne Y.; Washburn, Jason J.; Teplin, Linda A.; King, Devon C.; Dulcan, Mina K.; Bassett, Elena D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
If you work with justice-involved juvenile, you need to read this bulletin. "Incarcerated youth die by suicide at a rate two to three times higher than that of youth in the general population. In this bulletin, the authors examine suicidal thoughts and behaviors among 1,829 youth ages 10 to 18 in the Northwestern Juvenile Project—a longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL" (p. 1). Findings are presented for: hopelessness; thoughts... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 028401
Preventing Juvenile Suicide through Improved Collaboration: Strategies for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Agencies
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
Recommendations are presented for effectively preventing suicide among youth in the juvenile justice system. These can be successfully achieved through the combined collaboration of juvenile justice, law enforcement, mental health, substance abuse, child welfare, and education agencies and organizations. Sections of this report include: introduction; overview of 10 overarching priorities; overview of 12 strategies; overarching priorities and related strategies to improve collaboration in detail;... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2013
Document 028400
Screening and Assessment for Suicide Prevention: Tools and Procedures for Risk Identification among Juvenile Justice Youth
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
"Identifying suicide risk among young people is a critical component of the comprehensive approach that the juvenile justice system must adopt to prevent suicide. Ideally, this identification is done with research-based screening and assessment instruments. To select effective instruments, it is necessary to be aware of the juvenile justice system’s responsibilities in preventing suicide, the contexts in which screening and assessment instruments are used, current standards for screening instrum... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 028399
Suicidal Ideation and Behavior among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Review of the Literature
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
What is currently known about suicidal ideation and behavior among youth involved in the juvenile justice system is reported. "Based on findings of this review, between 13,500 and 20,600 detainees may have considered suicide in the past year and 11,000 delinquent youth may have attempted suicide in the past year. With proper screening and intervention, these estimates can be lessened and the risk of suicide among this vulnerable population can be minimized" (p. 10). Sections of this report inclu... Read More
PDF
23 pages
2013
Document 027856
Unobtrusive Suicide Warning System: Final Technical Report: Phase III
By Ashe, Jeffrey M.; Baloch, Ghulam; Ganesh, Meena; Graichenm, Catherine; Soldner, Nicholas; Lakamraju, Vijay; Zacchio, Joe; Vogel, Mark. National Institute of Justice (NIH) (Washington, DC). GE Global Research (Niskayuna, NY).
This report explains in detail how this research group “developed a prototype demonstration system that can measure an inmate’s heart rate, breathing rate and general body motion without being attached to the inmate (i.e. from a non-contact distance). The system is based upon measuring a ballistogram which is comprised of subtle motions appearing on the surface of the body due to the motion of internal components such as the heart and lungs. The system is based on a modifying version of a commer... Read More
PDF
202 pages
2013
Document 027834
Nothing About Us Without Us! The Failure of the Modern Juvenile Justice System and a Call for Community-Based Justice
By Smith, Charisa.
The need for a renewed effort in bringing the practice of juvenile justice back under the influence of the community is explained. Topics discussed include: history coming full circle—arrest, court, incarceration, the strong rationale for abandoning the status quo juvenile justice system, a systemic lack of cultural competence, and community-based justice that works; and Community-based Alternatives To Detention (ATDs) and Alternatives To Incarceration (ATIs)—restorative justice, and justice re... Read More
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54 pages
2013
Document 027951
Guide to Developing and Revising Suicide Prevention Protocols for Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
“Youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system, especially those in residential facilities, have higher rates of suicide than their non-system-involved peers … Suicide prevention efforts by this system should begin at the initial point of entry and be coordinated to protect youth at every step along the way … This report addresses performance-based standards for juvenile correction and detention facilities and describes a comprehensive suicide prevention program for juvenile facil... Read More
PDF
21 pages
2013
Document 027952
Preventing Suicide: Working with Youth Who Are Justice Involved: Executive Summary
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
This is the place to start if you are looking for information about preventing justice-involved youth from committing suicide. The summary provides a great introduction to the wealth of resources available from this Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; background of and an overview of the resources from this Task Force; Public Awareness and Education Workgroup; Suicide Research Workgroup; Suicide Prevention Prog... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2013
Document 028269
Preventing Suicide Among Justice-Involved Youth
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Risk of suicide among youth is a significant problem in the United States. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals aged 10-18 … The risk of suicide is even higher among youth in the juvenile justice system. Specifically: youth in juvenile justice residential facilities have nearly three times the rate of suicide compared with their peers in the general population; suicide is the leading cause of death for youth in custody; [and] up to one third of justice-involved youth r... Read More
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2013
Document 027419
State of the American Workplace: Employee Engagement Insights for U.S. Business Leaders
Gallup, Inc. (Washington, DC).
Are you looking for ways to invigorate your organization? Then this publication will provide you strategies for promoting commitment among your employees. “This report includes an overview of the trend in U.S. employee engagement, a look at the impact of engagement on organizational and individual performance, information about how companies can accelerate employee engagement, and an examination of engagement across different segments of the U.S. population. Findings from what the strongest orga... Read More
WEB
68 pages
2013
Document 027439
Parents in State Prisons
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“Today, the parents of 1 in every 50 children in the United States are in prison. 1 Over half of those parents are serving time for non-violent offenses.2 The gains in public safety benefits stemming from incarcerating a record number of parents are dubious, but the potential adverse consequences for children are clear. More than 40 percent of parents in prison lived with their children before they were sent to prison and half were the main source of financial support for their children.3 Sendin... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027714
Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (Washington, DC).
“This task force was established in June 2011 to focus attention on the needs of youth in the juvenile justice system, particularly in the areas of suicide-related awareness and education, suicide research, suicide prevention programming and training, and collaboration between the juvenile justice and mental health systems. Below, organized by workgroup, are the resources developed to provide findings, recommendations, and practical tools for juvenile justice and mental health administrators and... Read More
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2013
Document 026952
Risk Reduction Research
University of California-Irvine (Irvine, CA).
“Our research team focuses on understanding why some people with mental disorder become involved in self-harm, violence, and/or criminal behavior. To develop more effective prevention and treatment strategies for this group, we must first understand how individual and environmental factors interact to increase their risk of such harmful behavior. This understanding can also be used inform legal decision-making about this high risk, high need group … we use multi-method, interdisciplinary, longi... Read More
WEB
2012
Document 026335
Testimony from the U.S. Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Human Rights, and Civil Rights for Hearing on “Reassessing Solitary Confinement: The Human Rights, Fiscal, and Public Safety Consequences,” June 19, 2012
Solitary Watch (Washington, DC).
This website provides the full transcript for the hearing “Reassessing Solitary Confinement: The Human Rights, Fiscal, and Public Safety Consequences.” It also includes copies of written testimony submitted to the subcommittee from 87 organizations and individuals.... Read More
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2012
Document 026336
Suicide Prevention
By Samuels, Charles E., Jr.. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
“In this message, I [Director Samuels] would like to specifically address your [the inmate’s] state of mind, an important part of your overall well-being … Incarceration is difficult for many people … If you are unable to think of solutions other than suicide, it is not because solutions do not exist; it is because you are currently unable to see them … Bureau staff are a key resource available to you … I want you to succeed. I want your life to go forward in a positive direction – a direction p... Read More
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1 page
2012
Document 026947
Developing an Actuarial Risk Assessment to Inform Decisions Made by Adult Protective Services Workers
By Johnson, Kristen; Park, Kathy; Bogie, Andrea; Flasch, Shannon; Cotter, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
This purpose of this study “was to determine whether an actuarial risk assessment could be constructed that validly and reliably classified individuals reported for adult maltreatment or self-neglect, and whether workers and other agency staff would find the risk assessment useful in practice” (p. ii). Sections following an abstract and executive summary include: introduction; construction of the actuarial risk assessment for adult protective services (APS) workers; reliability testing the instr... Read More
PDF
127 pages
2012
Document 027713
Suicide Prevention in Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) Training Institute (Waltham, MA); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA); National Center on Institutions and Alternatives, Inc. (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA).
This is essential training for anyone working with juvenile offenders. “Youth who have contact with the juvenile justice system are at higher risk for suicide than youth in the general population. This presents a challenge for state juvenile correctional administrators who are responsible for implementing policies and procedures to ensure the safety of all youth in custody … The webinar series describes the demographic and facility characteristics of juvenile suicide and teaches the eight critic... Read More
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27 pages + 2 webinars (#1 - 87 minutes, #2 – 83 minutes)
2012
Document 027713
Suicide Prevention in Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) Training Institute (Waltham, MA); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA); National Center on Institutions and Alternatives, Inc. (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA).
This is essential training for anyone working with juvenile offenders. “Youth who have contact with the juvenile justice system are at higher risk for suicide than youth in the general population. This presents a challenge for state juvenile correctional administrators who are responsible for implementing policies and procedures to ensure the safety of all youth in custody … The webinar series describes the demographic and facility characteristics of juvenile suicide and teaches the eight critic... Read More
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27 pages + 2 webinars (#1 - 87 minutes, #2 – 83 minutes)
2012
Document 026937
Through the Wall Standoff Detection Tracking of Individuals: NIJ RRA Final Report
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). AKELA (Santa Barbara, CA).
All correctional agencies should be aware of this emerging technology. “AKELA Inc. [has] developed a sense-through-the-wall (STTW) standoff radar imaging system for law enforcement use. The underlying technology of the imaging system is a multiple antenna, continuous wave, frequency stepping radar in a portable case that can be positioned at standoff distances of up to 30 m away from a building of interest. Radar information is processed in real time on a laptop computer to allow detection and t... Read More
PDF
70 pages
2011
Document 026936
Unobtrusive Suicide Warning System, Final Technical Report
By Ashe, Jeffrey M.; Ganesh, Meena; Yu, Lijie; Graichen, Catherine; Welles, Ken; Platt, Bill; Chen, Joy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). General Electric Global Research (Niskayuna, NY).
This report should be required reading for the corrections field since inmate suicide continues to be a problem in correctional facilities. “GE Global Research has developed an unobtrusive, Doppler radar-based sensor system that will indicate a suicide attempt in-progress by observing and interpreting motion related to heartbeat, breathing, and limb movement. This non-contact monitoring device can detect, interpret, and relay information about strong and sudden changes in physiology associated w... Read More
PDF
151 pages
2011
Document 027422
The Role of Corrections Professionals in Preventing Suicide
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) (Waltham, MA).
This report discusses the role correctional officers must play in dealing with inmate suicides. Especially, those officers in jails. The suicide rate for local jails is about four times that of the U.S. as a whole with the rate for jails of 100 beds or less being nearly 10 times greater. Sections of this publication cover: inmates and suicide risk; recognizing the warning signs; responding to the warning signs; and procedures addressing suicide prevention in correctional facilities.... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2010
Document 024308
National Study of Jail Suicide: 20 Years Later
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This report “does more than simply present a calculation of suicide rates. It presents the most comprehensive updated information on the extent and distribution of inmate suicides throughout the country, including data on the changing face of suicide victims. Most important, the study challenges both jail and health-care officials and their respective staffs to remain diligent in identifying and managing suicidal inmates” (p.vii). Five chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; national... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2010
Document 025660
Assessment, Intervention and Prevention of Self-Injurious Behavior in Correctional Environments
By Usher, Amelia; Power, Janine; Wilton, Geoff. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
Potential strategies for dealing with self-injurious behavior (SIB) are examined. Agencies looking for evidence-based practices for addressing SIB will find this report very good. Sections in addition to an executive summary include: profile of offenders and factors associated with SIB; evidence-based interventions for SIB—risk assessment, comprehensive therapies, common features of effective interventions, interventions for aboriginal offenders, and administrative responses; helping staff deal ... Read More
PDF
58 pages
2010
Document 025661
A Qualitative Study of Self-Injurious Behaviour in Women Offenders
By Power, Jenelle; Usher, Amelia. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
Factors associated with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are examined. NSSI “may be defined as the deliberate destruction of body tissue without suicidal intent and for purposes not socially sanctioned and may include behaviours such as cutting, ligature use, burning, hitting, swallowing sharp or indigestible objects, inserting and removing objects, and head banging” (p. iii). Results and related discussion presented in this report surround: motivations for engaging in NSSI; emotions experienced ... Read More
PDF
55 pages
2010
Document 025656
Self-Injurious Behaviour: A Review of the Literature and Implications for Corrections
By Power, Jenelle; Brown, Shelley L.. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
If your institution is suffering from increased self-injurious behavior (SIB) or wishes to have procedures in place in event SIB occurs should read this report. “SIB can be defined as any type of direct bodily harm or disfigurement that is deliberately inflicted on oneself that is not considered to be socially acceptable, such as cutting, head banging, hair pulling, and ligature use. This literature review was undertaken to determine what is currently known about SIB and what gaps exist in order... Read More
PDF
67 pages
2005
Document 020311
Mental Health Consultant Report
By White, Thomas. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Iowa Dept. of Corrections. Iowa State Penitentiary. Clinical Care Unit (Des Moines, IA).
Results from an evaluation of the treatment of mentally ill inmates housed in the CCU (Critical Care Unit) of the Iowa State Penitentiary are provided. Sections of this report include: comments from the Iowa Department of Corrections; cover letter to the study proper; background and overview; findings regarding recent suicide deaths of four offenders, mental health/treatment issues, and security issues; summary of suicide death review; overview of management and personnel issues; evaluation of ... Read More
DOC
54 p.
2002
Document 017999
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2002
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; "Cost Containment for Inmate Health Care" by Rebecca Craig; "Taming the Cost of Health Care in Detentions: What Works in San Diego County" by William Sparrow; "Confronting Costs for Medical Care: Open Forum Discussion"; "Increased Medical Costs: Managed Care and Private Contracts" by David Parrish and Dennis Williams; "Public Health and Jails: Challenges and Current Activities" by Roberto Hugh Potter and Dennis Andrews; "Succession Plann... Read More
PDF
65 p.
2001
Document 016941
Correctional Health Care: Suicide Prevention [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]; Prison Health Care: Suicide Prevention
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Common health-based risk factors, programmatic guidelines, and various methods of suicide prevention are discussed during this 20-hour course. This manual contains sections about: the importance of suicide prevention to prison administrators and clinicians; standards of care and liability (case law); aftermath of a suicide; suicide risk indicators; geriatric inmates; and presentation overviews. The lesson plan is presented as an "executive summary" (issue overview).... Read More
PDF
2 v. (v.1 - 68 p., v.2 - ca. 205 p.)
1997
Document 013916
Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Bartoi, Marla Green. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); University of South Florida. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
The rates of both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders are significantly higher among criminal justice populations than those in the general population. Screening and assessing inmates for these disorders is addressed in this document, with the focus on the instruments available for this work, and how to combine them to screen and assess co-occurring disorders.... Read More
PDF
133 p.
1995
Document 012475
Prison Suicide: An Overview and Guide to Prevention
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This monograph presents a review of the literature and of national and state standards for prison suicide prevention, as well as national data on the incidence and rate of prison suicide, effective prevention programs, and discussion of liability issues. Topics also discussed include staff training, intake screening/assessment, housing, levels of supervision, intervention and administrative review. The document also examines the role of the courts in shaping prison suicide policy. ... Read More
PDF
108 p.
1991
Document 009738
Guide for Development of Suicide Prevention Plans
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Alexandria, VA). Texas Commission on Jail Standards (Austin, TX).
Providing a structure on which to base a comprehensive suicide prevention plan, this document prompts the planner through each aspect of suicide response. Main subjects covered include staff training, screening and identification of jail inmates at risk for suicide, communication among staff regarding at-risk inmates, housing, supervision/observation, intervention in a suicide attempt, and reporting and investigation of successful attempts.... Read More
PDF
7 p.
1988
Document 006540
National Study of Jail Suicides: Seven Years Later
By Hayes, Lindsay M.; Rowan, Joseph R.. National Center on Institutions and Alternatives. Jail Suicide Prevention Information Task Force (Washington, Dc); Juvenile and Criminal Justice International, Inc. (Roseville, MN); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Contents include prior jail suicide research, demographic findings of 1986 jail suicide data that consist of personal characteristics of the victim and characteristics of the suicide act, and a comparison of 1979 and 1986 data. Title of project: Jail Suicide Prevention Information Task Force.... Read More
PDF
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