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Browsing Documents Related to 'Suicidal Offenders'

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Date Title Type
2013
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Risk Reduction Research
University of California-Irvine (Irvine, CA).
“Our research team focuses on understanding why some people with mental disorder become involved in self-harm, violence, and/or criminal behavior. To develop more effective prevention and treatment strategies for this group, we must first understand how individual and environmental factors interact to increase their risk of such harmful behavior. This understanding can also be used inform legal decision-making about this high risk, high need group … we use multi-method, interdisciplinary, longi... Read More
WEB
2013
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The Impact of Probation and Parole Populations on Arrests in Four California Cities
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
This study’s purpose was to “determine the extent to which people on probation and parole contribute to the demands on the resources of local law enforcement, and to identify what opportunities exist to use data to target their limited resources more effectively” (p. 3). Some of the findings show that: only one in five arrests are people on probation or parole; for these individuals one in six arrests were for violent crime, one in three for drug crime; and an assessment of a parolee for risk of... Read More
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52 pages
2013
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The Impact of Probation and Parole Populations on Arrests in Four California Cities
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
This study’s purpose was to “determine the extent to which people on probation and parole contribute to the demands on the resources of local law enforcement, and to identify what opportunities exist to use data to target their limited resources more effectively” (p. 3). Some of the findings show that: only one in five arrests are people on probation or parole; for these individuals one in six arrests were for violent crime, one in three for drug crime; and an assessment of a parolee for risk of... Read More
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52 pages
2013
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Developing a Mental Health Court: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this project is to make existing research and practices accessible while encouraging learners to ask the right questions at the right times and develop productive collaborations and programs that serve the needs of their communities. While the curriculum is presented as a comprehensive resource on how to plan and implement a mental health court, it is also designed to be easily adapted to supplement existing trainings, for new mental health court team members, or as a tune-up for te... Read More
WEB
2013
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Developing a Mental Health Court: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this project is to make existing research and practices accessible while encouraging learners to ask the right questions at the right times and develop productive collaborations and programs that serve the needs of their communities. While the curriculum is presented as a comprehensive resource on how to plan and implement a mental health court, it is also designed to be easily adapted to supplement existing trainings, for new mental health court team members, or as a tune-up for te... Read More
WEB
2013
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State of the American Workplace: Employee Engagement Insights for U.S. Business Leaders
Gallup, Inc. (Washington, DC).
Are you looking for ways to invigorate your organization? Then this publication will provide you strategies for promoting commitment among your employees. “This report includes an overview of the trend in U.S. employee engagement, a look at the impact of engagement on organizational and individual performance, information about how companies can accelerate employee engagement, and an examination of engagement across different segments of the U.S. population. Findings from what the strongest orga... Read More
WEB
68 pages
2013
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Parents in State Prisons
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“Today, the parents of 1 in every 50 children in the United States are in prison. 1 Over half of those parents are serving time for non-violent offenses.2 The gains in public safety benefits stemming from incarcerating a record number of parents are dubious, but the potential adverse consequences for children are clear. More than 40 percent of parents in prison lived with their children before they were sent to prison and half were the main source of financial support for their children.3 Sendin... Read More
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2 pages
2013
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Administrative Segregation, Degrees of Isolation, and Incarceration: A National Overview of State and Federal Correctional Policies
By Metcalf, Hope; Morgan, Jamelia; Oliker-Friedland, Samuel; Resnik, Judith; Spiegel, Julia; Tae, Haran; Work, Alyssa; Holbrook, Brian. Yale Law School. Limon Public Interest Program (New Haven, CT).
“This report provides an overview of state and federal policies related to long-term isolation of inmates, a practice common in the United States and one that has drawn attention in recent years from many sectors. All jurisdictions in the United States provide for some form of separation of inmates from the general population. Prison administrators see the ability to separate inmates as central to protecting the safety of both inmates and staff. Yet many correctional systems are reviewing their ... Read More
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64 pages
2013
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Bureau of Prisons: Timelier Reviews, Plan for Evaluations, and Updated Policies Could Improve Inmate Mental Health Services Oversight
U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
The U.S. Bureau of Prisons (BOP) “is responsible for the care and custody--including mental health care--of more than 219,600 federal inmates. BOP identifies and treats inmates' mental health disorders, and has procedures in place to assess the provision of mental health services in its 119 facilities, and 15 private prisons operating under contract. GAO was requested to provide information on BOP's costs and oversight of inmate mental health services. This report addresses: (1) BOP's costs to p... Read More
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76 pages
2013
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Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (Washington, DC).
“This task force was established in June 2011 to focus attention on the needs of youth in the juvenile justice system, particularly in the areas of suicide-related awareness and education, suicide research, suicide prevention programming and training, and collaboration between the juvenile justice and mental health systems. Below, organized by workgroup, are the resources developed to provide findings, recommendations, and practical tools for juvenile justice and mental health administrators and... Read More

2012
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Suicide Prevention in Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) Training Institute (Waltham, MA); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA); National Center on Institutions and Alternatives, Inc. (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA).
This is essential training for anyone working with juvenile offenders. “Youth who have contact with the juvenile justice system are at higher risk for suicide than youth in the general population. This presents a challenge for state juvenile correctional administrators who are responsible for implementing policies and procedures to ensure the safety of all youth in custody … The webinar series describes the demographic and facility characteristics of juvenile suicide and teaches the eight critic... Read More

27 pages + 2 webinars (#1 - 87 minutes, #2 – 83 minutes)
2012
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Suicide Prevention in Juvenile Correctional Facilities
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) Training Institute (Waltham, MA); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA); National Center on Institutions and Alternatives, Inc. (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA).
This is essential training for anyone working with juvenile offenders. “Youth who have contact with the juvenile justice system are at higher risk for suicide than youth in the general population. This presents a challenge for state juvenile correctional administrators who are responsible for implementing policies and procedures to ensure the safety of all youth in custody … The webinar series describes the demographic and facility characteristics of juvenile suicide and teaches the eight critic... Read More

27 pages + 2 webinars (#1 - 87 minutes, #2 – 83 minutes)
2012
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Through the Wall Standoff Detection Tracking of Individuals: NIJ RRA Final Report
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). AKELA (Santa Barbara, CA).
All correctional agencies should be aware of this emerging technology. “AKELA Inc. [has] developed a sense-through-the-wall (STTW) standoff radar imaging system for law enforcement use. The underlying technology of the imaging system is a multiple antenna, continuous wave, frequency stepping radar in a portable case that can be positioned at standoff distances of up to 30 m away from a building of interest. Radar information is processed in real time on a laptop computer to allow detection and t... Read More
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70 pages
2012
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Testimony from the U.S. Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Human Rights, and Civil Rights for Hearing on “Reassessing Solitary Confinement: The Human Rights, Fiscal, and Public Safety Consequences,” June 19, 2012
Solitary Watch (Washington, DC).
This website provides the full transcript for the hearing “Reassessing Solitary Confinement: The Human Rights, Fiscal, and Public Safety Consequences.” It also includes copies of written testimony submitted to the subcommittee from 87 organizations and individuals.... Read More
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2012
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Suicide Prevention
By Samuels, Charles E., Jr.. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
“In this message, I [Director Samuels] would like to specifically address your [the inmate’s] state of mind, an important part of your overall well-being … Incarceration is difficult for many people … If you are unable to think of solutions other than suicide, it is not because solutions do not exist; it is because you are currently unable to see them … Bureau staff are a key resource available to you … I want you to succeed. I want your life to go forward in a positive direction – a direction p... Read More
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1 page
2012
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Basics and Beyond: Suicide Prevention in Jails
By Leukefeld, Alison; Brower, Jaime. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Federal Detention Trustee (Washington, DC); U.S. Marshals Service (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Issues surrounding the prevention of inmate suicide in jails are addressed. These slides will enable readers to: understand the problem of jail suicide—rates of suicide in certain groups, the decrease in jail suicide rates, what makes jails risky environments, and challenges of prevention; describe suicide risk factors, warning signs, and suicide myths that increase ones risk; and discuss intervention best practices—the qualities of a suicide prevention program (a written suicide prevention poli... Read More
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44 pages + 1 video DVD (56 minutes)
2012
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Developing an Actuarial Risk Assessment to Inform Decisions Made by Adult Protective Services Workers
By Johnson, Kristen; Park, Kathy; Bogie, Andrea; Flasch, Shannon; Cotter, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
This purpose of this study “was to determine whether an actuarial risk assessment could be constructed that validly and reliably classified individuals reported for adult maltreatment or self-neglect, and whether workers and other agency staff would find the risk assessment useful in practice” (p. ii). Sections following an abstract and executive summary include: introduction; construction of the actuarial risk assessment for adult protective services (APS) workers; reliability testing the instr... Read More
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127 pages
2012
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Research Update: The State of Contingency Management (CM) and Its Application to Criminal Justice Settings
By Viglione, Jill E.; Sloas, Lincoln B.. American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
The use of contingency management (CM) to management of offender behavior is explained. CM is “a behavior modification program that involves the use of positive reinforcements (incentives) to change behaviors in a constructive and supportive manner … The use of rewards allows for the recognition of desired behaviors on a frequent basis, inspiring individuals to make progress” (p. 34). Sections of this article include; what CM is; the key study by Wodahl et al. (2001) on sanctions and rewards; wh... Read More
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5 pages
2012
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Research Update: The State of Contingency Management (CM) and Its Application to Criminal Justice Settings
By Viglione, Jill E.; Sloas, Lincoln B.. American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
The use of contingency management (CM) to management of offender behavior is explained. CM is “a behavior modification program that involves the use of positive reinforcements (incentives) to change behaviors in a constructive and supportive manner … The use of rewards allows for the recognition of desired behaviors on a frequent basis, inspiring individuals to make progress” (p. 34). Sections of this article include; what CM is; the key study by Wodahl et al. (2001) on sanctions and rewards; wh... Read More
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5 pages
2012
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Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach
By Bonnie, Richard J. , editor; Johnson, Robert L. , editor; Chemens, Betty M. , editor; Schuck, Julie, editor. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform (Washington, DC); National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice (Washington, DC).
“Recent research on adolescent development has underscored important behavioral differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the last decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a st... Read More
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420 pages
2012
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Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach
By Bonnie, Richard J. , editor; Johnson, Robert L. , editor; Chemens, Betty M. , editor; Schuck, Julie, editor. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform (Washington, DC); National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice (Washington, DC).
“Recent research on adolescent development has underscored important behavioral differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the last decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a st... Read More
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420 pages
2012
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in United States Corrections Professionals: Prevalence and Impact on Health and Functioning
By Spinaris, Caterina G.; Denhof, Michael D.; Kellaway, Julie A.. Desert Waters Correctional Outreach (Florence, CO).
“The purpose of this study was to estimate current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence rates among United States’ corrections professionals, and explore indices of psychological, physical, and occupational status and functioning in relation to PTSD” (p. 4). Results are reported for: PTSD prevalence; violence, injury, or death (VID) experiences; specific types of VID experiences; VID-related emotion and feeling states experienced; psychological health measures, impact on functioning, ... Read More
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32 pages
2012
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in United States Corrections Professionals: Prevalence and Impact on Health and Functioning
By Spinaris, Caterina G.; Denhof, Michael D.; Kellaway, Julie A.. Desert Waters Correctional Outreach (Florence, CO).
“The purpose of this study was to estimate current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence rates among United States’ corrections professionals, and explore indices of psychological, physical, and occupational status and functioning in relation to PTSD” (p. 4). Results are reported for: PTSD prevalence; violence, injury, or death (VID) experiences; specific types of VID experiences; VID-related emotion and feeling states experienced; psychological health measures, impact on functioning, ... Read More
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32 pages
2011
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Unobtrusive Suicide Warning System, Final Technical Report
By Ashe, Jeffrey M.; Ganesh, Meena; Yu, Lijie; Graichen, Catherine; Welles, Ken; Platt, Bill; Chen, Joy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). General Electric Global Research (Niskayuna, NY).
This report should be required reading for the corrections field since inmate suicide continues to be a problem in correctional facilities. “GE Global Research has developed an unobtrusive, Doppler radar-based sensor system that will indicate a suicide attempt in-progress by observing and interpreting motion related to heartbeat, breathing, and limb movement. This non-contact monitoring device can detect, interpret, and relay information about strong and sudden changes in physiology associated w... Read More
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151 pages
2011
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Juvenile Sexual Offenders: Correlates of Onset, Variety, and Desistance of Criminal Behavior
By Carpentier, Julie; Leclerc, Benoit; Proulex, Jean.
The causes linked to the age at which juveniles sexually offend, the variety of offenses, and the stopping of sexually aggressive acts are identified. This information will prove very useful to individuals working with this special population. The research shows that: aggressive and deviant sexual behaviors are risk factors for the early onset of sexual abuse; delinquency is related to the variety of actions exhibited by sexual aggressors; and that “adolescent sexual aggressors who desisted from... Read More
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20 pages
2011
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Juvenile Sexual Offenders: Correlates of Onset, Variety, and Desistance of Criminal Behavior
By Carpentier, Julie; Leclerc, Benoit; Proulex, Jean.
The causes linked to the age at which juveniles sexually offend, the variety of offenses, and the stopping of sexually aggressive acts are identified. This information will prove very useful to individuals working with this special population. The research shows that: aggressive and deviant sexual behaviors are risk factors for the early onset of sexual abuse; delinquency is related to the variety of actions exhibited by sexual aggressors; and that “adolescent sexual aggressors who desisted from... Read More
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20 pages
2011
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The Role of Corrections Professionals in Preventing Suicide
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) (Waltham, MA).
This report discusses the role correctional officers must play in dealing with inmate suicides. Especially, those officers in jails. The suicide rate for local jails is about four times that of the U.S. as a whole with the rate for jails of 100 beds or less being nearly 10 times greater. Sections of this publication cover: inmates and suicide risk; recognizing the warning signs; responding to the warning signs; and procedures addressing suicide prevention in correctional facilities.... Read More
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7 pages
2010
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National Study of Jail Suicide: 20 Years Later
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This report “does more than simply present a calculation of suicide rates. It presents the most comprehensive updated information on the extent and distribution of inmate suicides throughout the country, including data on the changing face of suicide victims. Most important, the study challenges both jail and health-care officials and their respective staffs to remain diligent in identifying and managing suicidal inmates” (p.vii). Five chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; national... Read More
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68 p.
2010
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Assessment, Intervention and Prevention of Self-Injurious Behavior in Correctional Environments
By Usher, Amelia; Power, Janine; Wilton, Geoff. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
Potential strategies for dealing with self-injurious behavior (SIB) are examined. Agencies looking for evidence-based practices for addressing SIB will find this report very good. Sections in addition to an executive summary include: profile of offenders and factors associated with SIB; evidence-based interventions for SIB—risk assessment, comprehensive therapies, common features of effective interventions, interventions for aboriginal offenders, and administrative responses; helping staff deal ... Read More
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58 pages
2010
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A Qualitative Study of Self-Injurious Behaviour in Women Offenders
By Power, Jenelle; Usher, Amelia. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
Factors associated with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are examined. NSSI “may be defined as the deliberate destruction of body tissue without suicidal intent and for purposes not socially sanctioned and may include behaviours such as cutting, ligature use, burning, hitting, swallowing sharp or indigestible objects, inserting and removing objects, and head banging” (p. iii). Results and related discussion presented in this report surround: motivations for engaging in NSSI; emotions experienced ... Read More
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55 pages
2010
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Self-Injurious Behaviour: A Review of the Literature and Implications for Corrections
By Power, Jenelle; Brown, Shelley L.. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
If your institution is suffering from increased self-injurious behavior (SIB) or wishes to have procedures in place in event SIB occurs should read this report. “SIB can be defined as any type of direct bodily harm or disfigurement that is deliberately inflicted on oneself that is not considered to be socially acceptable, such as cutting, head banging, hair pulling, and ligature use. This literature review was undertaken to determine what is currently known about SIB and what gaps exist in order... Read More
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67 pages
2005
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Mental Health Consultant Report
By White, Thomas. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Iowa Dept. of Corrections. Iowa State Penitentiary. Clinical Care Unit (Des Moines, IA).
Results from an evaluation of the treatment of mentally ill inmates housed in the CCU (Critical Care Unit) of the Iowa State Penitentiary are provided. Sections of this report include: comments from the Iowa Department of Corrections; cover letter to the study proper; background and overview; findings regarding recent suicide deaths of four offenders, mental health/treatment issues, and security issues; summary of suicide death review; overview of management and personnel issues; evaluation of ... Read More
DOC
54 p.
2002
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Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2002
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; "Cost Containment for Inmate Health Care" by Rebecca Craig; "Taming the Cost of Health Care in Detentions: What Works in San Diego County" by William Sparrow; "Confronting Costs for Medical Care: Open Forum Discussion"; "Increased Medical Costs: Managed Care and Private Contracts" by David Parrish and Dennis Williams; "Public Health and Jails: Challenges and Current Activities" by Roberto Hugh Potter and Dennis Andrews; "Succession Plann... Read More
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65 p.
2001
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Correctional Health Care: Suicide Prevention [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]; Prison Health Care: Suicide Prevention
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Common health-based risk factors, programmatic guidelines, and various methods of suicide prevention are discussed during this 20-hour course. This manual contains sections about: the importance of suicide prevention to prison administrators and clinicians; standards of care and liability (case law); aftermath of a suicide; suicide risk indicators; geriatric inmates; and presentation overviews. The lesson plan is presented as an "executive summary" (issue overview).... Read More
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2 v. (v.1 - 68 p., v.2 - ca. 205 p.)
1997
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Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Bartoi, Marla Green. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); University of South Florida. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
The rates of both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders are significantly higher among criminal justice populations than those in the general population. Screening and assessing inmates for these disorders is addressed in this document, with the focus on the instruments available for this work, and how to combine them to screen and assess co-occurring disorders.... Read More
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133 p.
1995
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Prison Suicide: An Overview and Guide to Prevention
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This monograph presents a review of the literature and of national and state standards for prison suicide prevention, as well as national data on the incidence and rate of prison suicide, effective prevention programs, and discussion of liability issues. Topics also discussed include staff training, intake screening/assessment, housing, levels of supervision, intervention and administrative review. The document also examines the role of the courts in shaping prison suicide policy. ... Read More
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108 p.
1991
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Guide for Development of Suicide Prevention Plans
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Alexandria, VA). Texas Commission on Jail Standards (Austin, TX).
Providing a structure on which to base a comprehensive suicide prevention plan, this document prompts the planner through each aspect of suicide response. Main subjects covered include staff training, screening and identification of jail inmates at risk for suicide, communication among staff regarding at-risk inmates, housing, supervision/observation, intervention in a suicide attempt, and reporting and investigation of successful attempts.... Read More
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7 p.
1988
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National Study of Jail Suicides: Seven Years Later
By Hayes, Lindsay M.; Rowan, Joseph R.. National Center on Institutions and Alternatives. Jail Suicide Prevention Information Task Force (Washington, Dc); Juvenile and Criminal Justice International, Inc. (Roseville, MN); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Contents include prior jail suicide research, demographic findings of 1986 jail suicide data that consist of personal characteristics of the victim and characteristics of the suicide act, and a comparison of 1979 and 1986 data. Title of project: Jail Suicide Prevention Information Task Force.... Read More
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