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2012
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Public Opinion on Sentencing and Corrections Policy in America
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC). Public Opinion Strategies (Alexandria, VA); Mellman Group (Washington, DC).
Thoughts regarding the state of corrections and sentencing in the United States are presented. Topics discussed include: key takeaways; underlying attitudes—there are too many people in prisons, with prisons often being unnecessary for non-violent crime; policy solutions—divert more non-violent offenders from prison, reduce prison time for non-offenders, require supervision in the community for all released offenders, and improve probation and parole supervision. The bottom line is that “Some of... Read More
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8 pages
2012
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Growing Up LGBT in America: HRC Youth Survey Report Key Findings
Human Rights Campaign (Washington, DC).
Results from a national survey of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) youth ages 13-17 are presented. “The deck is stacked against young people growing up lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender in America. Official government discrimination or indifference along with social ostracism leaves many teens disaffected and disconnected in their own homes and neighborhoods. With an increase in public awareness about anti-LGBT bullying and harassment and the strikingly high number of LGBT youth... Read More
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36 pages
2012
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ASCA June 2012 Current Issues in Corrections Survey
Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) (Middletown, CT).
Results from an online survey of members from the Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) are analyzed. These results will inform correctional professionals about issues deemed important to the field. These issues raked in order of priority are: budget; turnover of correctional staff/staff recruitment and retention; managing geriatric, medical, and mental health populations; cost of inmate medical care; coordination of reentry efforts at the local level/reentry initiatives/implem... Read More
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35 pages
2012
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Girls’ Experiences in the Texas Juvenile Justice System: 2012 Survey Finding
Texas Criminal Justice Coalition (TCJC) (Austin, TX).
Survey results show the degree to which trauma affects girls at the Ron Jackson Juvenile Correctional Complex. Sections of this report include: key findings and recommendations; trauma, mental health, and hope—responses and recommendations; safety responses and recommendations; top issues for youth; most helpful for the future; least helpful; and the one thing they could change if they could. Therapeutic programs are the best way to help girls to succeed in the future. The majority of girls feel... Read More
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18 pages
2011
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Association Between Distributive and Procedural Justice and Life Satisfaction Among Correctional Staff: Research Note
By Lambert, Eric G.; Hogan, Nancy L..
This brief examines the relationships between distributive justice and procedural justice (two dimensions of organizational justice) and correctional staff life satisfaction. Both significantly influence life satisfaction, as they do job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.... Read More
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12 pages
2011
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Painting the Current Picture: A National Report Card on Drug Courts and Other Problem Solving Court Programs in the United States
By Huddleston, C. West, III; Marlowe, Douglas B.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); U.S. Executive Office of the President. Office of National Drug Control Policy (Washington, DC). National Drug Court Institute (Alexandria, VA).
Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Courts and other Problem Solving Courts are summarized. Sections of this report are: introduction; drug courts—justice done right; what a drug court is; the verdict is in, drug courts work—a review of the scientific literature; 10 key components; survey results—number of drug courts in operation, state-specific growth, dispositional models and which is preferable, drug court capacity, national drug court population, primary substances of abuse among... Read More
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68 p.
2011
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Criminal Justice Professionals’ Attitudes Towards Offenders: Assessing the Link between Global Orientations and Specific Attributions
By Willits, Dale; Broidy, Dale; Lyons, Christopher; Gonzales, Ashley. U.S. Dept. of Justice. State Justice Statistics (Washington, DC). University of New Mexico. Institute for Social Research. New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center (NMSAC) (Albuquerque, NM).
The beliefs of correctional officers that offenders will not recidivate and will find employment upon release from incarceration are examined. A similar study would show how the correctional officers in your agency view offenders. This allows you to address comparable perceptions before they become widespread and negatively impact operational efficiency. Respondent perceptions regarding a hypothetical offender’s likelihood to recidivate, rehabilitate, find a job, and find steady employment were ... Read More
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12 pages
2011
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Unlocking Potential: Results of a National Survey of Postsecondary Education in State Prisons
By Gorgol, Laura E.; Sponsler, Brian A.. Institute for Higher Learning (IHEP) (Washington, DC).
Issues related to postsecondary correctional education (PSCE) in prisons are examined. Individuals looking for information regarding such educational programs will find this publication useful. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction and overview; a federal policy lens; results of the national survey according to enrollments in PSCE, educational focus and degree completions, delivery methods of PSCE in prisons, eligibility requirements for participation, funding of PSCE in ... Read More
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28 pages
2011
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Fifty State Survey of State Criminal Laws Addressing the Sexual Exploitation of Minors
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC).
Entries covering the relevant statute(s), age of consent, definitions, defenses, and penalty regarding the sexual exploitation of minors are provided.... Read More
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663 pages
2011
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Faith-Based Corrections and Reentry Programs: Advancing a Conceptual Framework for Research and Evaluation
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Brazzell, Diana; Kim, KiDeuk. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
Answers to questions regarding what a faith-based program is and how “faith” operates in that program are sought. This report is useful to those individuals tasked with classifying a program as faith-based and eventually evaluating that program. Findings are given for: description of the sample--respondent and program backgrounds; program operations--target population, caseload characteristics, eligibility criteria, and referral sources; operational capacity—staffing and funding; and faith and s... Read More
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77 pages
2010
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Youth's Characteristics and Backgrounds: Findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement
By Sedlak, Andrea J.; Bruce, Carol. U.S. Dept of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
“This bulletin presents key findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement that describe the characteristics of youth in placement” (p.1). Results are organized according to demographic characteristics, current offenses, differences between male and female offenders, justice system involvement, adjudication and placement in programs, family background, childbearing, educational background, expectations about release, and youth expectations about future offending and sanctions.... Read More
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11 pages
2010
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Current Practices and Emerging Trends in Sexual Abuser Management: The Safer Society 2009 North American Survey
By McGrath, Robert J.; Cumming, Georgia F.; Burchard, Brenda L.; Zeoli, Stephen; Ellerby, Lawrence. Safer Society Foundation, Inc. (Brandon, VT).
“The survey presents a wide-angle snapshot of current practice patterns [for sexual abuser treatment] in North America, identifies trends in the field and offers recommendations for improving the delivery of services” (p. vii). Each chapter in this report looks at best practices for: the effectiveness of treatment, and the number and geographic distribution of programs; program age, size, and setting; client profiles; program funding; staff education, training, and support; program theory; asses... Read More
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158 pages
2010
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The Financial Impact of Inmate Healthcare: Maintaining a Cost Effective and Efficient System
By McGillen, Sean.
Cost containment strategies in large county jails that do not result in the sacrifice of quality services are identified (p. 1). The reader can use the results of this survey to determine what strategies will work in their own jurisdiction. Sections following an abstract include: introduction; literature review; methods; results according to inmate population, healthcare budget, cost per day, privatized healthcare operations, accreditation, personnel costs, salaries, Registered Nurses, medicatio... Read More
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14 pages
2009
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Fifty State Survey of Juvenile Sex Offender Registration Requirements
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
State requirements for the registration of juvenile sex offenders are compiled and presented. Responses (if given) are reported for: registrable offenses; information maintained in sex offender registry; statutory basis for juvenile sex offender registration; duration of registration; community notification and website; and limitations on residency or employment.... Read More
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254 pages
2009
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National Institute of Corrections Training Evaluation Project: Training, Leadership, and Organizational Change: Focus on CLD and MDF
By Wells, James B.; Minor, Kevin I.; Parson, J. Stephen. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Commonwealth Research Consulting, Inc. (Brookline, MA).
Results from the Training Evaluation Project assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections are presented. “The primary purpose of this bulletin is to examine leadership from a 360 degree perspective, and to assess relationships between training, leadership, and organizational change” (p. 3). It appears Correctional Leadership Development increased transformational leadership practices while Management Development for the Future had a small effect on leadership change.... Read More
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16 pages
2009
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National Institute of Corrections Training Evaluation Project: 2008 Evaluation Supplement: Learning, Application, and Action Plan Progress
By Wells, James B.; Minor, Kevin I.; Parson, J. Stephen. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Commonwealth Research Consulting, Inc. (Brookline, MA).
Results from the Training Evaluation Project assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections are presented. This bulletin’s primary purpose is to update CwRC-NIC Bulletin 4 (NICIC no. 024801) results about four recent training programs not included in the pilot project findings. The programs are Inmate Behavior Management, Administering a Small Jail, Conducting Prison Security Audits, and How to Run a Direct Supervision Housing Unit—Training for Trainers. Participants re... Read More
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18 pages
2009
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Sexual Violence in Women's Prisons and Jails: Results From Focus Group Interviews
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
Results from focus group interviews of correctional personnel from 2 women's facilities (one jail and one prison) are reported. Observations are presented according to the following areas: summary of findings; staff perspectives on sexual assault in women's correctional facilities; knowledge about sexual assault; inmate reports of sexual violence; role of previous violence and institutional behavior; characteristics of vulnerable and predatory female inmates; staff sexual misconduct -- conseque... Read More
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20 p.
2009
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Fifty State Survey of Vulnerable Persons Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WUL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document provides information regarding enacting state, statute number, statute title, coverage, definitions and notes, penalties, and applicability to youth for criminal laws prohibiting the abuse of individuals by their caregivers.... Read More
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364 p.
2009
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Fifty State Survey of Adult Sex Offender Registration Requirements
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
State requirements for the registration of adult sex offenders are compiled and presented. Responses (if given) are reported for: registrable offenses; whether those individuals convicted of staff sexual misconduct need to register; information maintained in sex offender registry; community notification and website; limitations on residency or employment; and duration of registration.... Read More
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282 p.
2009
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State Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Custody Checklist
NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
Information regarding state laws that prohibit sexual abuse of offenders is presented. Data provided (if available) includes: statutes; coverage of all forms of sexual misconduct; agency coverage related to secure confinement facilities, community corrections, juvenile, and private; personnel coverage related to correctional employees, volunteers, juvenile workers, and contractors; defenses; and penalties.... Read More
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29 p.
2009
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Fifty-State Survey of Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Custody
NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
This document provides information regarding enacting state, statute number, statute title, coverage, definition and notes, penalties, and defenses (if given) for criminal laws prohibiting sexual abuse of inmates by staff.... Read More
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174 p.
2009
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Fifty State Survey of Official Misconduct Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Statutes regarding staff misconduct are compiled and reported. Each entry supplies the following information (if provided): statute; definitions; procedure; criminal penalty; and administrative penalty.... Read More
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205 p.
2008
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National Institute of Corrections Training Evaluation Project: 2008 Evaluation Results: Satisfaction, Learning, and Action Plan Progress
By Wells, James B.; Minor, Kevin I.; Parson, J. Stephen. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Commonwealth Research Consulting, Inc. (Brookline, MA).
Results from the Training Evaluation Project assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections are presented. Evaluations are made of more recent trainings instead of those conducted during the pilot phase of this project. The programs are Inmate Behavior Management, Administering a Small Jail, Conducting Prison Security Audits, and How to Run a Direct Supervision Housing Unit—Training for Trainers. On a 5 point scale, participants rated satisfaction with training and train... Read More
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22 pages
2008
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National Institute of Corrections Training Evaluation Project, 2005-2007: Training Results, Activity Level Changes, and Implementation Results
By Wells, James B.; Minor, Kevin I.; Parson, J. Stephen. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Commonwealth Research Consulting, Inc. (Brookline, MA).
Results from the Training Evaluation Project assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections are presented. This bulletin covers “training results (progress on training objectives), activity level changes (pre- and post-training behavior), and implementation results (in the workplace)” (p.1). Participants made moderate to substantial progress in meeting training objectives, engaged in 70.4% of key training-related behaviors, and made moderate progress implementing trainin... Read More
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14 pages
2007
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National Institute of Corrections Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006: Participant Demographics, Overall Evaluation of Training, and Applicability Ratings
By Wells, James B.; Minor, Kevin I.; Wallace, Lisa H.; Parson, J. Stephen. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Eastern Kentucky University. Center for Criminal Justice Education and Research (Richmond, KY).
Initial results from the Training Academy Evaluation Project (TAEP) assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections' Academy are presented. Sections of this bulletin are: highlights; research strategy; findings regarding participant demographic and background profile, participants' overall evaluation of training, participants' evaluations of training applicability, and pre/post comparison of perceived applicability; and future directions. Overall, participants rate the t... Read More
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12 p.
2007
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National Institute of Corrections Training Academy Evaluation Project, 2005-2006: Participant Evaluation of Trainers
By Wells, James B.; Minor, Kevin I.; Parson, J. Stephen. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Eastern Kentucky University. Center for Criminal Justice Education and Research (Richmond, KY).
Results from the Training Academy Evaluation Project (TAEP) assessing the training offered by the National Institute of Corrections' Academy are presented. This bulletin discusses how participants felt about individual trainers. Some highlights include: twenty-eight of the 34 trainers received high marks for satisfaction while also receiving an average score of 98% for them to lead classes again. The trainer strength most noted was knowledge of the field (27%), with the trainer weakness most oft... Read More
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12 p.
2006
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Interstate Transfer of Prison Inmates in the United States
By Biasca, Debra; Clem, Constance. LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Results are presented from an investigation into the manner in which prison inmates are transferred between correctional authorities and the reasons for these transfers. Report sections include: about this study; key study findings; interstate compacts addressing inmate transfers; authority for interstate transfer of prison inmates; administration of inmate transfers; incidence of interstate inmate transfer; why prison inmates are transferred; agencies' satisfaction with processes for interstat... Read More
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18 p.
2006
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Trends from Focus Group Interviews
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
Findings from focus group interviews of correctional personnel are reported. Observations are presented according to the following topics: staff perspectives on sexual violence policy; changing attitudes; inmate culture; causes and conditions of sexual violence; indicators of assault; characteristics of potential inmate victims and predators; places of sexual assault; staff responding to sexual assault; staff and inmate training; women's facilities; jails; investigations; prosecution; community... Read More
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24 p.
2006
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50 State Survey of Sexual Offenses Against Children (Statutory Rape)
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The responses from a survey about laws concerning the statutory rape of children are presented. Offense type, description, and penalty are noted.... Read More
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160 p.
2006
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The Culture of Prison Sexual Violence
By Fleisher, Mark S.; Krienert, Jessie L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Results from a national, "socio-cultural study of prison sexual violence in men's and women's high-security prisons across the United States" are provided. Five chapters follow an executive summary: historical perspectives on prison culture and sexual violence research; research design and methodology; social-cultural and verbal dynamics of sexual violence; the culture of sexual victimization; and management of prison sexual violence. A lexicon of the culture of prison sex is also included. The... Read More
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332 p.
2006
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50 State Survey on Sex Offender Registry
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Results from a survey on sex offenders registry are provided. Questions asked are:
  • Citation(s) of statutes(s);
  • Registrable offenses with citations;
  • And the state agency responsible for maintaining sex offender registry.
... Read More
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33 p.
2006
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Offender Job Retention: A Report from the Offender Workforce Development Division, National Institute of Corrections
By Houston, Melissa. National Institute of Corrections. Offender Workforce Development Division (Washington, DC).
Results from a survey of offender employment and retention issues that utilizes close-ended questions regarding topics such as assessment, case management, follow-up, and relapse are analyzed. This report is comprised of the following sections: introduction; theory; assessment; case management; job retention relapse model; relapse prevention plans; and the future of offender job retention efforts by practitioners.... Read More
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15 p.
2005
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Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Summary of Responses from Juvenile Focus Group on Staff Sexual Misconduct and Youth on Youth Sexual Assault
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Responses to thirteen questions regarding curriculum related to staff sexual misconduct with youth and youth on youth sexual assault are provided. "The objectives of the focus groups included: (1) to gather data that will inform NIC [National Institute of Corrections] in how to best develop a juvenile oriented curriculum on staff sexual misconduct; (2) to gather data that will guide NIC in identifying the major staff sexual misconduct related issues in juvenile corrections, including what stakeh... Read More
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24 p.
2005
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A Guide to Preparing for and Responding to Prison Emergencies: Self-Audit Checklists, National Survey Results, Resource Materials, [and] Case Studies
By Schwartz, Jeffrey A.; Barry, Cynthia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LETRA, Inc. (Campbell, CA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Information regarding prison emergency preparedness is presented. This guide is comprised of the following sections: introduction; conducting an audit; self-audit checklists--emergency preparedness, natural disaster/HAZMAT/fire, and counterterrorism; Report on the National Survey of Emergency Readiness in Prisons; resource materials--leadership issues during crises, prevention of prison emergencies, emergency teams, and prisons and counterterrorism; and case studies.... Read More
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323 p.
2005
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Performance Audit of Pennsylvania Correctional Industries of the Department of Corrections
Pennsylvania Dept. of the Auditor General (Harrisburg, PA).
The effectiveness of Pennsylvania Correctional Industries (PCI), a state-run prison business, in planning efforts and managing operations is assessed, while identifying obstacles to mission statement fulfillment and operational efficiency. This audit is comprised of the following sections: results in brief (executive summary); introduction and background; objectives and methodology; seven findings and recommendations; and observation. Appendixes include: results of surveys of potential PCI cus... Read More
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63 p.
2005
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Using Jail Exit Surveys to Improve Community Responses to Women Offenders
By Ney, Becki; Martin, Teri K.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The "use of jail exit surveys as an effective data collection tool for creating [a] picture of the characteristics of women in contact with the local jail" is described (p. 1). Sections of this bulletin are: introduction; how one jurisdiction used data to inform responses to women offenders; reasons for conducting a jail exit survey; what a jail exit survey entails; tips for getting started; designing a jail exit survey; understanding jail exit survey information; comprehensive listing of major... Read More
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19 p.
2005
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Fees Paid by Jail Inmates: Fee Categories, Revenues, and Management Perspectives in a Sample of U.S. Jails
By Krauth, Barbara; Stayton, Karin; Clem, Connie, ed.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Information regarding fees collected by U.S. jails for program participation and non-program services is presented. For each category of inmate fee, "a summary of the data on the extent to which responding agencies are collecting fees in the category, the number of agencies considering collecting fees in the category, and the total revenues reported by all respondents to this survey" is provided (p. 4). The most effective fee according to jail managers was the work release fee. The least effecti... Read More
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113 p.
2005
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Residential Faith-Based Programs in State Corrections
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Results from a survey regarding residential faith-based programs in 51 U.S. prison systems are reported. Residential faith-based programs are being operated or developed in 41% (21) of the responding agencies. Program details and contact information are included (if provided).... Read More
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11 p.
2005
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Results of the Offender Workforce Development Specialist Post-Training Survey
National Institute of Corrections. Offender Workforce Development Division (Washington, DC).
Results from a "post-training survey to assess the usability of the knowledge, skills, and abilities of the course [Offender Workforce Development Specialist (OWDS)] content by the participant once they return to the job" are presented (p. 1). An executive summary is divided into four parts -- background, methods, summary of results, and next steps. Twenty-six survey questions and results are organized by the following sections: team collaboration and internal effects; building external support... Read More
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10 p.
2004
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Releasing Inmates from Prisons: Profiles of State Practices
By Linke, Larry; Ritchie, Peggy. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
"This report provides a profile of each state's corrections systems and the agencies and processes involved in planning for and releasing inmates from state prisons" (p. 2). Each profile includes information about the state's corrections system background, prison-based release planning, parole board planning, and inmate release process.... Read More
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371 p.
2004
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Implementing Effective Correctional Management of Offenders in the Community: The Likert Study
National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
The use of Rensis Likert's Organizational Climate Survey by the National Institute of Corrections and the Crime and Justice Institute's Implementing Effective Correctional Management of Offenders in the Community Inititative's National Project Team "with participating organizations as a means to measure organizational productivity and change over time" is explained (p. 1).... Read More
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3 p.
2004
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Correctional Health Care: Addressing the Needs of Elderly, Chronically Ill, and Terminally Ill Inmates
By Anno, B. Jaye; Graham, Camelia; Lawrence, James E.; Shansky, Ronald. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Criminal Justice Institute (Middletown, CT); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
An exploratory report regarding the management of aging and infirm inmates is presented. Six chapters follow an executive summary:
  • Introduction;
  • What we know about elderly, chronically ill, and terminally ill inmates;
  • Effective evaluation for identifying the special needs of inmates;
  • Program, housing, and treatment considerations;
  • Ethical and policy considerations for the care of elderly and infirm inmates;
  • And conclusion.
Appendixes include: Criminal Ju... Read More
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148 p.
2004
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Classification of High-Risk and Special Management Prisoners: A National Assessment of Current Practices
By Austin, James; McGinnis, Kenneth. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Security Response Technologies, Inc. (Middleton, MA); George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC).
Results from a survey "designed to obtain information on the procedures used to classify high-risk inmates, particularly those in protective custody or administrative segregation, and inmates with mental illness or medical problems" are presented (p. xvi). Six chapters follow an executive summary:
  • Introduction;
  • Overview of risk assessment;
  • Risk assessment systems and instruments;
  • Findings of the National Survey of the Management of High-Risk Inmates;
  • Identificati... Read More
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87 p.
2003
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Issues in Jail Operations, 2003: Perspectives from State Jail Inspection Agencies
By Clem, Connie; Sheanin, Dave. National Institution of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
"[A]reas in which jails tend to be deficient, suggesting the need for new or revised forms of NIC assistance" are identified (p.2). Issues examined include: age of facilities; accreditation; compliance with policy and procedure standards; adequacy of policy and procedure manuals; adequacy of staffing; staff turnover; compliance with staffing standards; compliance with staff training standards; exceeding capacity; coordinating councils; pretrial services programs; availability of specific pretria... Read More
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27 p.
2003
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Corrections Agency Collaborations with Public Health
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Reports on the prevalence and scope of collaboration agreements between state departments of correction and public health, plus agency perspectives on their effectiveness. This publication discusses: who provides inmate health care?; forms of corrections-public health collaboration; responsibility for delivery of inmate health care; collaborative services for specific inmate populations; accountability and control within collaborative health care efforts; agency observations on collaboration; ba... Read More
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20 p.
2003
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Results of Data Analysis: NIC Needs Assessment on Correctional Management and Executive Leadership Development
By Clem, Connie. National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Demographics, turnover, and leadership development for four levels of correctional management (e.g., executive leaders, senior leaders, managers, and supervisors) are analyzed. Sections comprising this report are: project background; key findings; the survey sample; overview -- analysis of data for all responses; analysis of data on executive level positions; analysis of data on senior leader positions; analysis of data on management level positions; analysis of data on supervisory positions; a... Read More
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47 p.
2003
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Authority of State-Level Jail Inspection Agencies to Close County/Local Jails
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Responses "to a question posed in November 2003 by the NIC Jails Division on that agency's private e-mail discussion list provided for chief state jail inspectors" are provided (p. 1). Seventeen of 23 responding agencies noted that jail inspectors do not have authority to close jails.... Read More
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3 p.
2002
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Corrections Employment Eligibility for Ex-Offenders
By Biasca, Debra H.. LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Practices of correctional agencies when hiring individuals with criminal histories are examined. This study contains sections about: authority to hire ex-offenders; convictions as a permanent bar to correctional employment; convictions as a temporary bar; other approaches to determining suitability for correctional employment; special issues, such as positions requiring offender contact, drug possession vs. sale convictions, juvenile criminal history, non-conviction factors, military record, mor... Read More
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10 p.
2002
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Services for Families of Prison Inmates
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Responses from 54 agencies that answered this survey are analyzed and reported. The following sections are contained in this report: introduction; project method; agency initiatives related to families of inmates; facility assignment and visitation assistance; services for inmates with children; services to pregnant inmates and mothers of infants and young children; provision of parenting and parent-child programs in men's and women's prisons; program evaluations; and conclusion. Involvement in ... Read More
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15 p.
2001
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Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Presser, Lois. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Division of Criminal Justice (Cincinnati, OH); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Findings from a telephone assessment of state and federal practices for classifying women offenders are presented. In addition to an executive summary, this report has the following chapters:
  • Introduction;
  • Issues in classifying women offenders -- the literature;
  • Approach;
  • Findings;
  • And discussion.
Most states still apply a male-based classification system to women.... Read More
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34 p.
2001
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Use of Risk Assessments for Parole Release Consideration
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Findings from a survey conducted for the NIC Community Corrections Division are presented in this table. States indicated whether or not they use risk assessment for parole release consideration.... Read More
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1 p.
2001
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Provision of Mental Health Care in Prisons
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Results of a survey on correctional agency management of and provision of treatment to inmates with mental health care needs are presented. This report examines: the numbers of inmates needing mental health care; approaches to identifying and providing services to mentally ill populations; reported increases in mental illness among prison populations; management and treatment of mentally ill inmates; assistance for inmates with other mental health needs; counseling and treatment for specific inm... Read More
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9 p.
2001
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Commission on the Status of Mental Health of Iowa's Corrections Population
Community Corrections Improvement Association (Cedar Rapids, IA); Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Princeton, NJ); Greater Cedar Rapids Community Foundation (Cedar Rapids, IA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Council of State Governments (Lexington, KY). State Public Policy Group, Inc. (Cedar Rapids, IA) .
The effects of an increasing number of offenders with serious mental health problems are investigated. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction and purpose; methodology/overview of effort; hearings summary; findings; and the survey report which identifies unfulfilled mandates, non-uniform performance, a sense of urgency for problem solution, the desire for community-based correctional settings, and overwhelming support for solutions existing within Iowa's correctional sy... Read More
PDF
39 pages
2000
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Perspectives from the Field on the Interstate Compact on Juveniles: Findings from a National Survey
By Linke, Larry; Krauth, Barbara. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Established in 1955, the Interstate Compact on Juveniles (ICJ) was created in order to "manage the interstate movement of adjudicated youth, the return of non-adjudicated runaway youth, and the return of youth to states where they were charged with delinquent acts (p. 1)." General observations, Compact activity and administration, Compact performance, problem areas, and recommendations from the field are presented. An estimated 15,000 active cases were being managed by the ICJ at mid-year 1999, ... Read More
PDF
47 p.
2000
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Recruitment, Hiring, and Retention: Current Practices in U.S. Jails
By Clem, Connie; Krauth, Barbara; Wenger, Paula. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
One of the more serious problems jail administrators face is the need to attract and retain high-quality correctional officers. This document provides information on successful staffing practices in a variety of jail types and sizes. Sections include: introduction; recruitment -- barriers to effective recruitment and approaches to recruiting effectively; screening and hiring; retention -- attrition factors and retention tools; and conclusion. Appendixes contain contact information and samples of... Read More
PDF
111 p.
2000
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Prison Health Care Survey: An Analysis of Factors Influencing Per Capita Costs
By Lamb-Mechanick, Deborah; Nelson, Julianne. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The construction of a model that explains the reasons for variance in the average per capita cost of prison health care was undertaken in this study. "The major finding of this study was that it was not the range or number of services but rather the method of care delivery and the staffing mix that most affected per capita prison health care costs. Specifically, the cost of inmate health care varied by: the use of capitated contracts for ambulatory care; the hours of mid-level practitioner care ... Read More
PDF
93 p.
2000
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Sexual Misconduct in Prisons: Law, Remedies, and Incidence
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Changes since 1996 in state laws and agency policies and procedures regarding sexual misconduct are reported. Sexual misconduct is defined as "sexual behavior, contact, or relationships between correctional staff and inmates/offenders" (p. 1). Sections cover: an introduction; legislative actions; litigation; agency strategies for addressing staff sexual misconduct such as policies, training, investigation processes, and apprising inmates of sexual misconduct issues; incidence and outcomes of sex... Read More
PDF
12 p.
1999
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Cross-Sex Pat Search Practices: Findings from NIC Telephone Research
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Findings of this telephone survey indicate that in prisons of six states (Connecticut, Kansas, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, and the Muncy facility in Pennsylvania) and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBP) cross-sex pat searches of women are performed routinely. Most of the 49 states (Alaska was not contacted) report that same sex or cross-sex pat searches of women are done only in an emergency. In many men's institutions, the practice is different. They report having a split policy in which... Read More
PDF
3 p.
1998
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Current Issues in the Operation of Women's Prisons
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Focusing on secure facilities housing only adult female offenders, this report provides information on the names and locations of such facilities, the number of women housed at each facility, staffing ratios and the gender breakdown of staff, the availability of specialized training for staff, and programs and policies specific to female inmates.... Read More
PDF
17 p.
1998
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Hospice and Palliative Care in Prisons
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Twelve Departments of Correction are identified in this study as providing formal hospice care to terminally ill inmates. A growing number of inmates are dying in prisons, primarily due to the prevalence of HIV infection in prison populations and the imposition of longer prison sentences as a result of tougher sentencing laws. This report discusses those existing hospice programs and outlines the advantages of the hospice approach in the prison environment. ... Read More
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11 p.
1997
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Fees Paid by Jail Inmates: Findings from the Nation's Largest Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This survey of large jails confirmed that the charging of inmate fees is prevalent and increasing. Inmates are most commonly charged fees for medical care and participation in work release programs. Other fees reported include per diem charges, services such as bonding, telephone use, and haircuts, and participation in programs such as weekend incarceration, electronic monitoring, or substance abuse treatment. The survey details data on fees imposed, revenues collected, and where the fees are cr... Read More
PDF
22 p.
1997
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Prison Medical Care: Special Needs Populations and Cost Control - Special Issues in Corrections
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Departments of corrections nationwide were surveyed regarding care for populations with specialized medical care needs and also regarding means the departments are using to contain or reduce their overall costs for medical services. The section on specialized needs details state responses concerning medical care for elderly, terminally ill, and chronically ill inmates. Tables identify main facilities housing elderly inmates with special medical needs, responses available for elderly inmates with... Read More
PDF
15 p.
1997
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NIC Training Needs Assessment on Community Restorative Justice: Summary of Findings
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
A variety of executive, judicial, and victims' services agencies were surveyed regarding their involvement in, and training needs for, community restorative justice. Survey results from 158 responses are summarized in the following categories: 1. Profiles of the response sample; 2. Current levels of agency involvement; 3. Priority of survey-identified training needs; 4. Respondent-identified training topics; 5. Critical needs; and 6. General comments.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
1997
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Supermax Housing: A Survey of Current Practice
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Results of a nationwide survey of supermax housing practice identify current and planned supermax housing, explore issues in inmate management in supermax, and examine programming provided to inmates in supermax housing. Difficulties in defining supermax housing are discussed, and availability of programs such as mental health care and law library access are summarized. Tables detail characteristics of supermax facilities by state, and a list of DOC contacts on supermax issues is also included. ... Read More
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13 p.
1996
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Sexual Misconduct in Prisons: Law, Agency Response, and Prevention
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Fifty-three departments of corrections responded to a survey regarding sexual misconduct by correctional staff, defined as sexual interactions between staff and inmates. Responses are summarized and tabulated in areas including: legislation; litigation; DOC policies; agency response to sexual misconduct; staff training; and prevention. ... Read More
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10 p.
1996
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Update: Correctional Beds Not in Use Due to Lack of Funds; Update: State Prison Beds Not in Use Due to Lack of Funds
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
A survey of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and eight local jurisdictions, identified four jurisdictions in which correctional facility beds that are ready for occupancy are not yet in use due to a lack of funding. Three jurisdictions also reported previously operational bedspace that has been closed due to budgetary shortfalls. The report presents data on the specific facilities involved, their location, size, and security levels.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
1996
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Audits of Podular Direct-Supervision Jails
By Farbstein, Jay; Liebert, Dennis; Sigurdson, Herbert. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Three facilities varying in size and region were audited to measure the state of the art in podular direct-supervision jails, to test how well direct supervision is performing, and to point out its strengths and challenges. Staff and inmates in facilities in Minnesota, Florida, and Massachusetts were surveyed on issues such as safety and security, effective supervision of inmates, classification, staffing and training, and design and environment. Findings are presented in detail by facility.... Read More
PDF
64 p.
1996
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Privatization and Contracting in Corrections: Results of an NIC Survey
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
This fifty state survey explores the issues of contracting from the perspective of the department of corrections themselves. It summarizes current activity in contracting for facilities and services, both in terms of scope and related costs, and examines issues in contract management. Part 1 addresses facility privatization, and Part 2 covers contracting for correctional services. A listing of DOC contracting contacts is included as Appendix A. ... Read More
PDF
24 p.
1995
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State Legislative Actions on Truth in Sentencing: A Review of Law and Legislation in the Context of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
This document provides state-by-state profiles of enacted truth-in-sentencing laws and pending truth-in-sentencing laws and pending truth-in-sentencing legislation. Also included is a list of each state's contact person and a table illustrating current laws and pending legislation.... Read More
PDF
72 p.
1995
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Survey of Mental Health Services in Large Jails and Jail Systems
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
This report presents the results of a national survey of jail-based mental health staffing and services. The report summarizes the major findings of the survey and provides data for each responding jurisdiction. Data collected include: population size; number of admissions; length of stay; bedspace for inmates with mental health care needs; bedspace in mental health unit; length of stay in mental health unit; staffing for mental health care; fees; and mental health service providers. ... Read More
PDF
12 p.
1995
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Status Report on Parole, 1995: Results of an NIC Survey
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
This report presents the results of a survey of parole policies in fifty-two U.S. jurisdictions: the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and the federal government. It describes the survey methods, summarizes the findings, and then presents the state-by-state data collected from each paroling authority. The data describe each paroling authority's recent policy developments, structure, discretion for parole release, parole release decisionmaking, agency discretion, public access, victim role... Read More
PDF
188 p.
1995
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Offenders Under Age 18 in State Adult Correctional Systems: A National Picture
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
This report presents an overview of how state department of corrections are responding to the challenge of dealing with juvenile inmates. This information is based on written surveys from forty-nine states plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. In addition to states' definitions of "youthful offenders," the survey responses contain information on the minimum age at which juvenile offenders can be sentenced to adult correctional systems, inmate populations, housing policies, programs and ... Read More
PDF
30 p.
1995
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Use of Interactive Video for Court Proceedings: Legal Status and Use Nationwide
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
This study examines the legal status of video proceedings for use as a linkage between the courts and arrestees/defendants in jails. Using a survey of all states, it also identifies jurisdictions that use video arraignments or are developing new systems for its use. The appendices contain a copy of the survey instrument and copies of legislation and court rulings relative to authority for use of interactive video technology.... Read More
PDF
63 p.
1994
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NIC Survey of State Corrections Departments, February, [March, April and May] 1994: Funding for Prison Beds
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
These surveys of state corrections departments examine the planning, construction, and funding of prison beds throughout the United States. This material updates similar information reported in January 1992.... Read More
PDF
12 p.
1994
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Cost Containment Measures and Impacts in Six Departments of Correction
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
This report describes the cost containment measures taken in five state Department of Corrections and the Correctional Service of Canada. The six profiles cover the following aspects of cost containment initiatives: the impetus behind the cost containment effort; the selection and design of the cost containment measures; the methods used to evaluate the impact of those measures; and a description of each measure and its impact. States included in this review are Indiana, Nebraska, Oregon, Tennes... Read More
PDF
32 p.
1994
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Survey Report on Internal Offender Classification System
By Austin, James; Chan, Luiza. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA).
The report presents the results of a survey on internal offender classification systems across the United States. The report discusses survey methods and prevalence of these systems. It then briefly describes the offender classification systems in various states and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The survey also solicited agency interest in participating as an internal classification test site. A table detailing each state's response to the survey questions is included.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
1993
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Indiana Department of Corrections Women Classification Study
By Austin, James; Chan, Luiza; Elms, William. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA).
This study evaluates the effect of the current Indiana Department of Corrections classification system on female inmates, with special emphasis on possible over-classification. It also assesses the specific needs and difficulties that female inmates experience during incarceration. Data presented compare male and female inmate classifications and examine female inmates' demographics, abuse history, children, and prison visitation. From this data, the report provides recommendations for adjusting... Read More
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46 p.
1993
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Women's Jails: An Investigation of Offenders, Staff, Administration and Programming
By Stohr, Mary K.; Mays, G. Larry. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). New Mexico State University. Dept. of Criminal Justice (Las Cruces, NM).
Five moderate-sized, exclusively women's jails were examined in terms of facility profiles, programming efforts, staffing patterns and characteristics, and inmate characteristics. Data were gathered through jail administrator Profile Forms, site visit interviews with the administrators, site observation of the jails, and staff and inmate questionnaires. The authors recommend that further research on women's jails, especially comparing the exclusively women's and mixed population models, is neede... Read More
PDF
122 p.
1993
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Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 24-26, 1993, Denver, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The theme of this year's Large Jail Network meeting focuses on the problem of airborne and blood-borne pathogens in jails. The conference opens with a presentation on tuberculosis and infectious diseases, followed by sessions on dealing with blood-borne and airborne pathogens, exposure control plans, training programs, and rising health care costs in jails. Brief findings are provided from NIJ's AIDS survey.... Read More
PDF
36 p.
1992
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Female Offenders in the Community: An Analysis of Innovative Strategies and Programs
By Austin, James; Bloom, Barbara; Donahue, Trish. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This report describes various strategies and programs that appear to provide effective community supervision and/or treatment of female offenders. It describes the results of a national survey of public and private community programs that supervise female offenders. Additionally, the report discusses the pertinent issues, needs, and problems of this population. Along with describing various programs, the report assesses positive aspects of these programs from their objectives through follow-up a... Read More
PDF
82 p.
1992
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Volunteerism in Corrections: Results of a 1992 Survey
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
To assess the state of corrections volunteerism in North America, a survey was disseminated among state corrections departments and various other agencies. Sections address volunteer utilization, personnel issues, labor issues, operations, liability issues, funding and statutory authority for volunteer programs, and degree of interest in NIC demonstration projects and training. Information is also presented from ten organizations that provide volunteers for correctional placements.... Read More
PDF
66 p.
1992
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Policies Regarding Searches of Visitors: A Survey
By Scholes, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Policies of six western prison facilities and one department of corrections regarding searches of visitors are briefly reported.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
1992
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Prison Complexes: An Overview
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
Prison complexes usually refer to a single site on which two or more institutions are purposefully located in order to share services, utilities, programs, and administration. This document provides an overview of the experiences of agencies that are currently planning or operating such facilities. Experiences in California, Arizona, Michigan, and the U.S. Bureau of Prisons with prison complexes are highlighted.... Read More
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70 p.
1992
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Presentence Time Served Credits for Sentenced Offenders
By Scholes, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
An informal survey of corrections personnel in six states found that, in five states, credit for presentence time served is awarded by the county where the prisoner was held, either through the county clerk to the prison or to the sentencing judge. In the sixth state, time is credited by statute. Contacts are provided for additional information.... Read More
PDF
1 p.
1992
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Briefing Paper: Regional Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
Based on a national jail survey, this briefing paper identifies 15 regional jails. Authors also describe seven organizational structures for regional jails and discuss issues related to the implementation of a multijurisdictional jail. Among the topics addressed are: implementation obstacles, effective planning strategies, and advantages of regional jails.... Read More
PDF
3 p.
1991
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Women as Correctional Officers in Men's Maximum Security Facilities: A Survey of the Fifty States
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
This report surveys implementation strategies used by state departments of corrections (DOCs) when they first began using women correctional officers in male maximum security prisons and units. Summaries are provided of DOCs' policies on employing women as correctional officers in these positions.... Read More
PDF
41 p.
1991
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Results of Needs Assessment Survey: Media Relations Training
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
Designed to determine the need for and interest in media relations training, a national survey queried directors of community corrections agencies, large jails, and state corrections departments concerning media relations staffing issues and the extent of national media attention on the agency. Suggestions for seminar topics include the following categories: general media management/awareness, community relations, media techniques, negative media situations, role of agency administration in good... Read More
PDF
6 p.
1991
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Briefing Paper: Smoke-Free Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Indications point to a strong movement to the requirement of smoke-free jails. This can be seen in: the increasing number of jails instituting no-smoking policies; formal positions adopted by professional corrections associations; and recent legal decisions. No-smoking jails base their implementation upon the following reasons: health, safety and security, maintenance, insurance rates, and liability. Eight strategies for successful implementation and six advantages in addition to a more healthfu... Read More
PDF
5 p.
1990
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Jail Classification System Development
By Austin, James F.; Brennan, Tim; Buchanan, Robert A.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA); Correctional Services Group (Kansas City, MO).
Contents: (v. 1) Consultant's Guide to Conducting a Phase I Jail Classification Assessment; (v. 2) Evaluating Jail Classification Systems: Practical Approach; (v. 3) Executive Summary; (v. 4) Final Report; (v. 5) Guidelines for Developing, Implementing and Revising an Objective Jail Classification System; (v. 6) Objective Jail Classification System User's Manual; (v. 7) A Review of the Literature; (v. 8) Survey of Jail Classification Systems; (v. 9) Training Manual; (v. 10) Implementing Objecti... Read More
PDF
10 v.
1990
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State Corrections Agencies' Substance Abuse Treatment Programs: Results of an NIC Information Center Survey
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
As a follow-up to a national survey of state correctional agencies' substance abuse treatment programs, this paper summarizes methods for identifying inmates with treatment needs, the proportion of these inmates who are receiving treatment, the use of objective screening instruments by state agencies, and the use of inmate profile data in assigning treatment. A summary of types of substance abuse treatment programs includes those designed as therapeutic communities and programs that target speci... Read More
PDF
9 p.
1989
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Overview of Substance Abuse Treatment Programs in Correctional Settings
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); L.I.S., Inc. (Boulder, CO).
This report highlights corrections agencies' efforts to address the supervision and treatment of offenders with substance abuse problems. Section 1 summarizes national surveys on the topic; Section 2 describes treatment programs in the range of correctional settings. (p. 1)... Read More
PDF
13 p.
1989
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Design Considerations in the Building of Women's Prisons
By Carp, Scarlett V.; Davis, Joyce A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Seven women's correctional facilities were surveyed to identify design inadequacies and obtain information about the planning process for a women's facility. The first of four sections in this report addresses Research Findings, which include a brief literature review, a review of recent litigation involving women offenders and facility design, and research on the relationship between environment and behavior. Section two, The Planning Process, presents an overview of the steps and issues surrou... Read More
PDF
96 p.
1989
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A Comparison of "Direct" and "Indirect" Supervision Correctional Facilities: Final Report
By Wener, Richard E.; Barker, Greg. National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC). Jay Farbstein and Associates (San Luis Obispo, CA).
"This report describes a study that attempts to quantify the differences between direct and indirect supervision and to specify the design implications of each mode so that jurisdictions faced with changing or expanding their correctional programs will have a more sound basis for choosing between them."--p.I.1-1. Includes bibliography and attachments to final report.... Read More
PDF
192 p.
1987
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Correctional Education: A State of the Art Analysis
By Ryan, T.A.; Woodard, Joseph Clifton. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"This state of the art survey of adult correctional education was undertaken for the purposes of: (1) describing the extent and nature of correctional education programs for adult offenders, the extent of participation by adult offenders in educational programs, the nature of educational and vocational counseling and testing, and the administrative structures, budgets, and teaching personnel; and (2) comparing adult correctional education in 1983 with adult correctional education in 1973 and 197... Read More
PDF
60 p.
1986
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Fees for Probation Services
By Baird, S. Christopher; Holien, Douglas A.; Bakke, Audrey J.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (Madison, WI); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document discusses issues such as revenue potential, positive and negative impacts of fees, and policy options for fee operations.... Read More
PDF
37 p.
1985
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Stress in Corrections Officers
By O'Brien, Barbara S.; Gustafson, David. National Institute of Corrections, Prisons Division (Washington, DC). Iowa Dept. of Corrections (Des Moines, IA).
Cover title.... Read More
PDF
1985
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Development of Jail Industries
By Grieser, Robert C.; Crawford, Thomas McCrae; Funke, Gail S.. National Institute of Corrections Jail Center (Boulder, CO). Institute for Economic and Policy Studies (Alexandria, VA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
... Read More
PDF
22 p.
1985
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Managing Long-Term Inmates: A Guide for the Correctional Administrator
By Unger, Cindie A.; Buchanan, Robert A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Correctional Services Group (Kansas City, MO).
... Read More
PDF
149 p.
1985
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Nature of New Small Jails: Report and Analysis
By Kimme, Dennis A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Kimme Planning and Architecture (Champaign, IL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
In 1985, a survey was conducted on 255 small jails (50 beds or less) that had been opened since 1974 throughout the United States, the purpose of the survey was to discover how well the jails were working in relationship to their design and construction.... Read More
PDF
1984
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Parole Selection and Abolishment and Determinate Sentencing Creation: Role and Influence in the Change Process
By Palmer, Joseph R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This paper is the report of a research project, entitled "Parole in the U.S.: Public Perception and Political Vulnerability."... Read More
PDF
1984
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Offender Needs Assessment: Models and Approaches
By Clements, Carl B.; McKee, John M.; Jones, Susan E.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Rehabilitation Research Foundation (University, AL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
... Read More
PDF
1984
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Correctional Master Planning
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Library Information Specialists, Inc. (Boulder, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO).
... Read More
PDF
21 p.
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