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Browsing Documents Related to 'Offender Assessment/Screening'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028095
Ramsey County Proxy Tool Norming & Validation Results
By Meredith, Tammy. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). Applied Research Services, Inc. (ARS) (Atlanta, GA).
Results are presented from a norming and validation study of the Ramsey County Proxy assessment tool. “The Proxy is three-question screening instrument used to triage community corrections populations for the purpose of moving those at low risk to minimum supervision without further assessment” (p. 1). Sections of this document cover: background and methodology; individual Proxy items’ relative importance; further examination of offending patterns; development of the proposed assessment tool; an... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2014
Document 027999
Learning and Performance: Realigning Training to Achieve Agency Goals
National Institute of Corrections Training Academy (Washington, DC).
This three-hour broadcast is intended to help realign your training with agency outcomes to help your agency become a learning organization. Using a variety of methods—including discussions, participant and team activities, and demonstrations—the broadcast will explore learning organization principles as exemplified by the work of David Garvin, Peter Senge and others. During this discussion, participants will: recognize the importance of linking training to agency outcomes; identify three ... Read More
VIDEO
189 minutes
2014
Document 028241
Employment Retention Inventory Explores the Predictive Factors of Job Loss: Research Project
By Taylor, P. Elizabeth. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"As justice-involved individuals move through the criminal-justice system, correctional staff use case management tools to monitor progress. Case management involves monitoring individuals to ensure their completion of court-ordered sanctions, such as community service hours, payment of fees, or restitution, without reoffending. The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) also expands the definition to include evaluating and assessing the need to connect justice-involved individuals to appropria... Read More

2 pages
2014
Document 028241
Employment Retention Inventory Explores the Predictive Factors of Job Loss: Research Project
By Taylor, P. Elizabeth. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"As justice-involved individuals move through the criminal-justice system, correctional staff use case management tools to monitor progress. Case management involves monitoring individuals to ensure their completion of court-ordered sanctions, such as community service hours, payment of fees, or restitution, without reoffending. The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) also expands the definition to include evaluating and assessing the need to connect justice-involved individuals to appropria... Read More

2 pages
2014
Document 027963
Profiting from Probation: America’s “Offender-Funded” Probation Industry
By Albin-Lackey, Chris. Human Rights Watch (New York, NY).
The issue of “offender-funded” probation services is an under-reported and often unknown element of the criminal justice system in the United States. This report is essential reading for anyone interested in the current state of corrections. “Every year US courts sentence several hundred thousand misdemeanor offenders to probation and place them under the supervision of private, for-profit probation companies. These companies charge courts nothing for their services. Instead, they charge those t... Read More
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78 pages
2013
Document 027581
Ohio Risk Assessment System: ORAS News and Updates
Ohio Ex-Offender Reentry Coalition (Columbus, Ohio).
Access is provided to resources about the Ohio Risk Assessment System (ORAS). Materials available include: training updates; ORAS Newsletters; and ORAS tools—Community Supervision Tool, ORAS Full Binder (all the tools in one pdf), Pretrial Tool, Prison Tool, Reentry Tool, Research data, and Veterans Questionnaire.... Read More
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2013
Document 028248
Mental Health Screening in Juvenile Justice Settings
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"The majority of youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system have a diagnosable mental or substance use disorder. In fact, many youth are experiencing both. Combinations of mental illness and substance use are often referred to as either behavioral health problems or co-occurring issues. One of the most important steps in responding to the behavioral health treatment needs of youth in the juvenile justice system is to systematically identify these needs as youth become involved ... Read More

2013
Document 027572
Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT): Administration, Scoring, and Reporting Manual, Version 1
By Taylor, Bryan. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) Washington, DC).
The Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT) “is an empirically derived multi-jurisdiction pretrial risk assessment instrument for use in Colorado. It is designed to improve the various pretrial assessment processes that exist in local Colorado jurisdictions … The purpose of a pretrial risk assessment protocol that includes the CPAT is to enable Colorado pretrial services agencies’ recommendations for bond conditions, the court’s ordering of bond conditions, and/or the agency’s pretrial supervis... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 027575
Highlights of the 2011 National Youth Gang Survey
By Egley, Arlen, Jr.; Howell, James C.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“This fact sheet provides an over view of the nation’s gang problem. In 2011, there were an estimated 29,900 gangs (versus 29,000 in 2010) and 782,500 gang members (versus 756,000 in 2010) throughout 3,300 jurisdictions (down from 3,500 in 2010) with gang problems. The number of reported gang-related homicides decreased from 2,020 in 2010 to 1,824 in 2011” (p. 1). Findings summarized cover: trends in gang activity; gang presence in metropolitan areas; factors influencing local gang violence; and... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027615
Annotated Bibliography: Juvenile Justice Risk/Need Assessment & Juvenile Justice Websites
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (NICIC) (Aurora, CO).
Are you looking for a one-stop resource that explains issues surrounding the use of risk/needs assessments for juvenile offenders? Then this is for you. This annotated bibliography covers 37 items describing the assessment of justice-involved youth, 7 assessment tools, and 17 juvenile justice websites.... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2013
Document 027306
Doing It Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“The use of risk assessment instruments in juvenile justice systems across the country is growing rapidly. Advocates should be aware of how they can be used most effectively to avoid unnecessary incarceration and improve case planning for youth” (p. 4). This fact sheet explains: what a risk assessment tool is; the need to use them; how to choose the right risk assessment instrument; how to implement carefully following your choice; and making sure to gather and analyze data regarding the tool. F... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027307
Doing it Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice - an NJJN Webinar
By Vincent, Gina M.. National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“When your juvenile justice system puts youth on probation, does it assess them for risk? If so, do staff know how to use these assessments effectively? Or do the assessments just sit in a file, waiting to be dusted off? Whether your agency or jurisdiction is trying to choose the right risk assessment tool, or it already has one in place, you'll find this webinar from the National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) helpful.” The audience is introduced to the use of risk assessments for. The publica... Read More
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60 minutes
2013
Document 027308
How to Calculate the Average Costs of Detaining a Youth
Herb Block Foundation (Washington, DC); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); Open Society Foundations (New York, NY); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Tow Foundation (New Canaan, CT). National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“This toolkit demonstrates how to calculate the average costs of housing a youth in detention. There are numerous ways to calculate the cost of detention, and detention administrators across states and even within states may arrive at their costs through different methods. This toolkit will help readers understand what components are typically included in a detention cost estimate, why one would or would not choose to include these elements, and what additional costs and revenues could be incorp... Read More
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22 pages
2013
Document 027610
Focus on: Adolescent Brain Development
Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) .
If there is one website anyone involved with juvenile offenders needs to monitor it is this site. “Explore JJIE’s coverage of adolescent brain development and how it relates to youth system involvement, substance use and families and communities … The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) is the only publication covering juvenile justice and related issues nationally on a consistent, daily basis.” ... Read More
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2013
Document 027612
Taking it on the Chin: Legislatively Imposed Internet Restrictions for Sex Offenders
By Bowker, Art. corrections.com (Scituate, MA).
Recent court cases (2013) concerning the restricted use of the Internet by sex offenders are reviewed. These cases are: Doe v. Nebraska; Doe v. Prosecutor, Marion County, Indiana; and Bykov v. Rosen. “Restricting Internet access has always been seen primarily as a risk management condition … Internet conditions/restrictions on community corrections cases (probation, parole, supervised release), properly crafted have been repeatedly upheld. The Bykov case signifies that separate and apart from ma... Read More
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2 pages
2013
Document 027771
Bureau of Prisons: Opportunities Exist to Enhance the Transparency of Annual Budget Justifications
U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) (Washington, DC).
“This report (1) identifies the types of costs that compose BOP's budget accounts as presented in its budget justifications, and (2) assesses the extent to which opportunities exist to enhance the transparency of information in BOP's budget justifications for congressional stakeholders and decision makers. GAO analyzed DOJ and BOP budget justification documents for fiscal years 2008 through 2014 and interviewed officials to determine how they develop budget justifications … GAO recommends that t... Read More
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41 pages
2013
Document 027646
DASH-13: Desistence for Adolescents who Sexually Harm
By Worling, J R.ames.
"The DASH-13 (Desistence for Adolescents who Sexually Harm; Worling 2013) is a checklist of 13 factors that may be related to the desistence of adolescent sexual offending. Seven of the factors are related specifically to future sexual health (prosocial sexual arousal, prosocial sexual attitudes, hope for a healthy sexual future, successful completion of sexual offense-specific treatment, awareness of consequences of sexual reoffending, environmental controls that match risk to reoffend sexuall... Read More
WEB
5 pages
2013
Document 027548
Predicting Recidivism Risk: New Tool in Philadelphia Shows Great Promise
By Ritter, Nancy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As ever-increasing numbers of offenders are supervised in the community — witness the massive “realignment” of prisoners in California — parole and probation departments must find the balance between dwindling dollars and the lowest possible risk to public safety. The good news is that researchers and officials in Philadelphia, Pa., believe they have developed a tool that helps find that balance” (p. 4). This article explains how your jurisdiction can use a random forest risk-forecasting tool. ... Read More
WEB
10 pages
2013
Document 027302
Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011–12
By Beck, Allen J.; Berzofsky, Marcus; Caspar, Rachel; Krebs, Christopher. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This report present statistics regarding the sexual victimization of prison and jail inmates by other inmates or staff. Sections of this publication cover: highlights; National Inmate Survey; incidents of sexual victimizations; facility-level rates; demographic and other characteristics; special inmate populations—inmates ages 16 to 17; special inmate populations—inmates with mental health problems; and special inmate populations—inmates with a non-heterosexual sexual orientation. Some of the ke... Read More
PDF
108 pages
2013
Document 027132
Prison and Jail Grievance Policies
University of Michigan Law School (Ann Arbor, MI).
“This list links to grievance polices for every state prison system, and a number of jails, organized by state. Private prison grievance policies appear at the bottom of the list. Many of these policies were first gathered for the briefs filed in Jones v. Bock and Williams v. Overton, in the U.S. Supreme Court, by Yale Law School's Jerome N. Frank Legal Services Organization. Those briefs … are good resources for discussion of inmate grievance policies nationwide.”... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027196
Evaluating the Predictive Validity of Risk/Need Assessments: Recommendations for Correctional Agencies and Criminal Justice Researchers
By Williams, Kevin M.; Wormith, Stephen; Bonta, James.
These presentation slides should be read before anyone begins to investigate which risk/needs instrument to use in their agency or organization. Topics covered include: prevalence of structured risk/need instruments; evaluating risk/need instruments; issues in predictive validity meta-analyses; apples and oranges—fundamentally dissimilar instruments; how instrument characteristics impact predictive validity; 12 other critical distinctions among risk/need instruments; black-and-white versus shade... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2013
Document 027311
Recent Research on Assessing Risk of Violence: Studies Published in 2012 & 2013
By Pope, Kenneth S..
Anyone looking for an excellent place to begin learning about intimate partner violence risk assessments should visit this website. It presents a great collection of annotated citations sure to provide a firm introduction to this topic.... Read More
WEB
11 pages
2013
Document 027311
Recent Research on Assessing Risk of Violence: Studies Published in 2012 & 2013
By Pope, Kenneth S..
Anyone looking for an excellent place to begin learning about intimate partner violence risk assessments should visit this website. It presents a great collection of annotated citations sure to provide a firm introduction to this topic.... Read More
WEB
11 pages
2013
Document 027218
Justice Reinvestment in Action: The Delaware Model
By James, Juliene. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
This brief describes the efforts the state of Delaware has made using justice reinvestment to reduce its incarcerated population while ensuring public safety. “Justice reinvestment is a data-driven approach to corrections policy that seeks to cut spending and reinvest savings in practices that have been empirically shown to improve safety and hold offenders accountable … As other jurisdictions consider how best to invest limited public safety dollars, Dela¬ware’s experience offers a helpful exam... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 027218
Justice Reinvestment in Action: The Delaware Model
By James, Juliene. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
This brief describes the efforts the state of Delaware has made using justice reinvestment to reduce its incarcerated population while ensuring public safety. “Justice reinvestment is a data-driven approach to corrections policy that seeks to cut spending and reinvest savings in practices that have been empirically shown to improve safety and hold offenders accountable … As other jurisdictions consider how best to invest limited public safety dollars, Dela¬ware’s experience offers a helpful exam... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 027218
Justice Reinvestment in Action: The Delaware Model
By James, Juliene. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
This brief describes the efforts the state of Delaware has made using justice reinvestment to reduce its incarcerated population while ensuring public safety. “Justice reinvestment is a data-driven approach to corrections policy that seeks to cut spending and reinvest savings in practices that have been empirically shown to improve safety and hold offenders accountable … As other jurisdictions consider how best to invest limited public safety dollars, Dela¬ware’s experience offers a helpful exam... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 027218
Justice Reinvestment in Action: The Delaware Model
By James, Juliene. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
This brief describes the efforts the state of Delaware has made using justice reinvestment to reduce its incarcerated population while ensuring public safety. “Justice reinvestment is a data-driven approach to corrections policy that seeks to cut spending and reinvest savings in practices that have been empirically shown to improve safety and hold offenders accountable … As other jurisdictions consider how best to invest limited public safety dollars, Dela¬ware’s experience offers a helpful exam... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
DOC
26 pages
2013
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
DOC
26 pages
2013
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
DOC
26 pages
2013
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
DOC
26 pages
2013
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
DOC
26 pages
2013
Document 027582
Static-99/Static-99R
STATIC-99 Clearinghouse.
“The Static-99 is a ten item actuarial assessment instrument created by R. Karl Hanson, Ph.D. and David Thornton, Ph.D. for use with adult male sexual offenders who are at least 18 year of age at time of release to the community. It is the most widely used sex offender risk assessment instrument in the world … This site is dedicated to the community of Static-99 users, and governed by an Advisory Board whose members approve and submit content, and rotate responsibility for answering Static-99 co... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027545
Flow Charts of Jail Procedures: Health Intake, Assessment, and Routine Care Procedures in County Jails
By Barton, Keith; Dubose, Michael; Harrison, Edward. Community Oriented Correctional Health Services (COCHS) (Oakland, CA).
Materials on this website address the issue of health care service provision in many county jails. Access is provided to: “ Health Intake, Assessment, and Routine Care Processes in County Jails: A Brief Overview for a NACo Webinar Presented on February 24, 2012”; and a series of flow charts for the Intake Process, Sick Call, and Discharge Planning.... Read More
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2013
Document 027544
Jail Diversion and Trauma Recovery Program—Priority to Veterans
Gains Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
An “increasing number of combat veterans are returning from duty overseas with as many as 17 percent developing PTSD and other mental illnesses. For many of these veterans their mental health issues will go untreated, placing them at higher risk for involvement in the justice system. In addition to this, many communities struggle with providing adequate supports to ensure that these veterans successfully reintegrate back into community life. Because of these issues and the growing number of indi... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 026880
Implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act: Toolkit for Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-12RE05GKJ5.. The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
UPDATED 11/26/13: Minor edits. “The goal of this Toolkit is to provide jails of all sizes, political divisions, and geographic locations with a step-by-step guide for preventing, detecting, and eliminating sexual abuse of inmates in their custody – and for responding effectively to abuse when it occurs. Prison rape includes all forms of inmate sexual abuse within a correctional facility, including state and federal prisons, county and municipal jails, police lock-ups, holding facilities, inmate ... Read More
PDF
1 computer file
2013
Document 027014
Performance Measures Committee/PBMS: Library
Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) (Hagerstown, MD).
“The Performance Measures Committee uses a Performance Based Measures System (PBMS) to define correctional standards in keeping with contemporary practice; to delineate measures of performance for each standard; to establish key indicators for each measure; to institute counting rules for each indicator; to store the measures on a web database; to produce reports of correctional performance; and to conduct appropriate comparisons of performance across jurisdictions.” Access is provided to essent... Read More
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2013
Document 027078
The Predictive Validity of a General Risk/Needs Assessment Inventory on Sexual Offender Recidivism and an Exploration of the Professional Override: Podcast
By Wormith, J. Stephen ; Katz, Natalie.
This podcast explains this "study [which] examines the predictive validity of the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) on a sample of sexual offenders extracted from a large cohort of offenders and compares predictive validities with nonsexual offenders from the same cohort … The study revealed that allowing assessors to override the numerically derived risk level with their professional judgment, a practice that increased risk level much more often than it decreased it, reduced t... Read More
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10 minutes
2013
Document 027084
The Federal Prison Population Buildup: Overview, Policy Changes, Issues, and Options
By James, Nathan. Congressional Research Service (Washington, DC).
“Since the early 1980s, there has been a historically unprecedented increase in the federal prison population. Some of the growth is attributable to changes in federal criminal justice policy during the previous three decades. An issue before Congress is whether policymakers consider the rate of growth in the federal prison population sustainable, and if not, what changes could be made to federal criminal justice policy to reduce the prison population while maintaining public safety. This report... Read More
PDF
60 pages
2013
Document 027084
The Federal Prison Population Buildup: Overview, Policy Changes, Issues, and Options
By James, Nathan. Congressional Research Service (Washington, DC).
“Since the early 1980s, there has been a historically unprecedented increase in the federal prison population. Some of the growth is attributable to changes in federal criminal justice policy during the previous three decades. An issue before Congress is whether policymakers consider the rate of growth in the federal prison population sustainable, and if not, what changes could be made to federal criminal justice policy to reduce the prison population while maintaining public safety. This report... Read More
PDF
60 pages
2013
Document 027077
Years of Predicting Dangerously
By DeClue, Gregory.
The author looks at recent empirical evidence for clinical adjustments to actuarial-based risk prediction for sexually violent predators (SVPs). Based upon “five research studies directly comparing pure-actuarial to adjusted-actuarial risk assessment for sexual recidivism … the evidence does not show that adjusting or overriding the results of an actuarial instrument increases the accuracy of risk assessment. On the contrary, there is evidence that adjustments or overrides often decrease accurac... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 026992
Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Jurisdictions Face Challenges to Implementing the Act, and Stakeholders Report Positive and Negative Effects
photocopy. U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
This report discusses the extent to which jurisdictions have implemented the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA), and what are the reported effects that full implementation has had on public safety, registered sex offenders, and stakeholders. Sections of this report are: back ground; 19 of 56 jurisdictions have substantially implemented SORNA while other jurisdictions reported political will and legal barriers as challenges; stakeholders reported improvements in jurisdictions’... Read More
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56 pages
2013
Document 027062
Prevalence and Issues Relating to Cannabis Use among Prison Inmates: Key Findings from Australian Research Since 2001
By Payne, Jason; Macgregor, Sarah; McDonald, Hayley. Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) (Canberra, ACT). National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre (NCPIC) (Randwick, NSW).
“In Australia, prison populations have been a key source of data for examining the nexus between drugs and crime, although in many cases the research has focused primarily on the so-called ‘harder’ drug types such as heroin, amphetamine, cocaine and ecstasy. Information about cannabis use is often collected and reported, but usually only within the broader context of other illicit drug use. For this reason, this paper provides a consolidation of research findings about cannabis from research and... Read More
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6 pages
2013
Document 027011
Prison and Libraries: Public Service Inside and Out
By Lilienthal, Stephen M..
If you are interested in library services to incarcerated individuals then this article is the place to start. It provides an excellent introduction to the services institutional libraries provide to their users. Topics discussed include; forging public-prison cooperation; Hennepin County’s “ticket to freedom”; a welcoming video; San Diego reintegration; preparing to measure success; equipping tools for financial literacy; Denver reaching out; new challenges for libraries; arts on the inside; an... Read More
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14 pages
2013
Document 027016
Treatment Alternatives to Incarceration for People with Mental Health Needs in the Criminal Justice System: The Cost-Savings Implications
By Cloud, David; Davis, Chelsea. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
“The disproportionate number of people with behavioral health disorders involved in the criminal justice system puts a tremendous strain on scarce public resources and has a huge impact on health care and criminal justice budgets. This research summary demonstrates that with appropriate treatment and access to community-based services, this population is less likely to be incarcerated and more likely to lead healthy, productive lives—while resulting in substantial costs savings. Sections of this... Read More
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6 pages
2012
Document 027059
Implementation of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit: Final Report
By Campbell, Rebecca; Townsend, Stephanie; Bybee, Deborah; Shaw, Jessica L.; Markowitz, Jennifer. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“To address the under-reporting and under-prosecution of adult sexual assaults, communities throughout the United States have implemented multidisciplinary interventions to improve post-assault care for victims and the criminal justice system response. One such model is the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program whereby specially trained nurses provide comprehensive psychological, medical, and forensic services for sexual assault … The purpose of the SANE Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit wa... Read More
PDF
145 pages
2012
Document 026983
Pretrial Release and Misconduct in Federal District Courts, 2008-2010
By Cohen, Thomas H.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
The rates of pretrial release and misconduct in federal courts during 2008 through 2010 are reported. Topics discussed include: pretrial release and detention in the federal criminal justice system; most serious offenses charged against defendants release pretrial; administering federal pretrial services; federal releases versus state releases; type of pretrial release; pretrial conditions imposed on released defendants; length of pretrial detention; past criminal history; age, race, and ethnici... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2012
Document 027128
Revolutionizing Policing Through Servant-Leadership and Quality Management
By Gardner, Bill; Reece, John.
“Top policing leaders should embrace the principles of servant-leadership, employ quality management (QM) practices, and teach staff members the disciplines required for such service delivery. Servant-leadership inspires trust and cooperation inside and outside the organization. Next, when executives and their top management teams commit to the methodologies of QM, long-term effectiveness can be maximized. Finally, the executive must establish a continuous learning culture where the skills requi... Read More
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6 pages
2012
Document 027013
Innovation Brief: Using Risk Assessment to Meet Needs and Reduce Recidivism
By Vincent, Gina M.; Guy, Laura S.. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL).
“A growing number of juvenile justice experts are suggesting that an effective approach to reducing recidivism is to evaluate a youth’s risk of reoffending, then match services to his or her specific risk factors.” The adoption of Pennsylvania’s county-based offices juvenile probation offices of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS) for evaluating a youth’s risk for recidivating is examined. Sections of this brief include: the issue of risk assessment of juveniles; innovatio... Read More
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4 pages
2012
Document 027060
Evaluating the Work of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs in the Criminal Justice System: A Toolkit for Practitioners
By Campbell, Rebecca; Greeson, Megan; Karim, Nidal; Shaw, Jessica; Townsend, Stephanie.
“The goal of this Toolkit is to assist SANE program staff in evaluating how their program affects the prosecution of sexual assault cases in their community. This Toolkit was developed as part of a research project on the work of SANEs in the criminal justice system. The lessons learned from that project helped inform the development of this Toolkit. However, it is important to note that legal outcomes are not the only or best way to evaluate the success of SANE programs. Patient care and crisis... Read More
PDF
227 pages
2012
Document 027070
Women’s Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental Illness & Trauma
By Lynch, Shannon M; DeHart, Dana D.; Belknap, Joanne; Green, Bonnie L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI … Understanding female offenders’ pathways to offending, including both risk for onset and risk for continued offending, helps elucidate the complexity of their experiences and identify key factors and intervening variables that... Read More
PDF
91 pages
2012
Document 026947
Developing an Actuarial Risk Assessment to Inform Decisions Made by Adult Protective Services Workers
By Johnson, Kristen; Park, Kathy; Bogie, Andrea; Flasch, Shannon; Cotter, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
This purpose of this study “was to determine whether an actuarial risk assessment could be constructed that validly and reliably classified individuals reported for adult maltreatment or self-neglect, and whether workers and other agency staff would find the risk assessment useful in practice” (p. ii). Sections following an abstract and executive summary include: introduction; construction of the actuarial risk assessment for adult protective services (APS) workers; reliability testing the instr... Read More
PDF
127 pages
2012
Document 026899
Research Update: The State of Contingency Management (CM) and Its Application to Criminal Justice Settings
By Viglione, Jill E.; Sloas, Lincoln B.. American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
The use of contingency management (CM) to management of offender behavior is explained. CM is “a behavior modification program that involves the use of positive reinforcements (incentives) to change behaviors in a constructive and supportive manner … The use of rewards allows for the recognition of desired behaviors on a frequent basis, inspiring individuals to make progress” (p. 34). Sections of this article include; what CM is; the key study by Wodahl et al. (2001) on sanctions and rewards; wh... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 026899
Research Update: The State of Contingency Management (CM) and Its Application to Criminal Justice Settings
By Viglione, Jill E.; Sloas, Lincoln B.. American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
The use of contingency management (CM) to management of offender behavior is explained. CM is “a behavior modification program that involves the use of positive reinforcements (incentives) to change behaviors in a constructive and supportive manner … The use of rewards allows for the recognition of desired behaviors on a frequent basis, inspiring individuals to make progress” (p. 34). Sections of this article include; what CM is; the key study by Wodahl et al. (2001) on sanctions and rewards; wh... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 026900
Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach
By Bonnie, Richard J. , editor; Johnson, Robert L. , editor; Chemens, Betty M. , editor; Schuck, Julie, editor. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform (Washington, DC); National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice (Washington, DC).
“Recent research on adolescent development has underscored important behavioral differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the last decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a st... Read More
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420 pages
2012
Document 026900
Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach
By Bonnie, Richard J. , editor; Johnson, Robert L. , editor; Chemens, Betty M. , editor; Schuck, Julie, editor. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform (Washington, DC); National Research Council. Division of Behavior and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice (Washington, DC).
“Recent research on adolescent development has underscored important behavioral differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the last decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a st... Read More
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420 pages
2012
Document 026910
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in United States Corrections Professionals: Prevalence and Impact on Health and Functioning
By Spinaris, Caterina G.; Denhof, Michael D.; Kellaway, Julie A.. Desert Waters Correctional Outreach (Florence, CO).
“The purpose of this study was to estimate current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence rates among United States’ corrections professionals, and explore indices of psychological, physical, and occupational status and functioning in relation to PTSD” (p. 4). Results are reported for: PTSD prevalence; violence, injury, or death (VID) experiences; specific types of VID experiences; VID-related emotion and feeling states experienced; psychological health measures, impact on functioning, ... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2012
Document 026910
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in United States Corrections Professionals: Prevalence and Impact on Health and Functioning
By Spinaris, Caterina G.; Denhof, Michael D.; Kellaway, Julie A.. Desert Waters Correctional Outreach (Florence, CO).
“The purpose of this study was to estimate current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence rates among United States’ corrections professionals, and explore indices of psychological, physical, and occupational status and functioning in relation to PTSD” (p. 4). Results are reported for: PTSD prevalence; violence, injury, or death (VID) experiences; specific types of VID experiences; VID-related emotion and feeling states experienced; psychological health measures, impact on functioning, ... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2012
Document 026154
Screening and Assessment in Juvenile Justice Systems: Identifying Mental Health Needs and Risk of Reoffending
By Vincent, Gina M.. Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health (Washington, DC).
“This brief will explain why screening and assessment for risk and mental health are best used together by child-serving agencies when planning the most effective course of action for individual youth” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: how screening and assessment differ; how the above concepts differ for risk assessment tools; how an agency selects a valid tool that is appropriate for its purpose; some examples of tools sued in juvenile justice facilities and community-based service... Read More
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17 pages
2012
Document 026563
Working Effectively with Children of the Incarcerated, Their Parents and Caregivers
Washington State Dept. of Social and Health Services (DSHS). Children's Administration. Resource Family Training Institute (Olympia. WA).
'These video modules are designed to help social workers and other social service providers understand the particular needs of families with an incarcerated parent and learn effective practices in working with children of the incarcerated, their parents and caregivers.' Video training modules comprising this training program are: introduction; voices of youth panel; navigating practice challenges'children; voices of parents panel; navigating practice challenges-- caregivers; navigating practice ... Read More
WEB
2012
Document 026563
Working Effectively with Children of the Incarcerated, Their Parents and Caregivers
Washington State Dept. of Social and Health Services (DSHS). Children's Administration. Resource Family Training Institute (Olympia. WA).
'These video modules are designed to help social workers and other social service providers understand the particular needs of families with an incarcerated parent and learn effective practices in working with children of the incarcerated, their parents and caregivers.' Video training modules comprising this training program are: introduction; voices of youth panel; navigating practice challenges'children; voices of parents panel; navigating practice challenges-- caregivers; navigating practice ... Read More
WEB
2012
Document 027081
The Predictive Validity of a General Risk/Needs Assessment Inventory on Sexual Offender Recidivism and an Exploration of the Professional Override
By Wormith, J. Stephen; Hogg, Sarah; Guzzo, Lina.
“This study examines the predictive validity of the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) on a sample of sexual offenders extracted from a large cohort of offenders and compares predictive validities with nonsexual offenders from the same cohort” (p. 1511). This article discusses: the debate about the application of general risk/need assessment instruments to sexual offenders; use of the Level of Service (LS) instruments with sexual offenders; augmenting statistically-based assessm... Read More
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29 pages
2012
Document 027081
The Predictive Validity of a General Risk/Needs Assessment Inventory on Sexual Offender Recidivism and an Exploration of the Professional Override
By Wormith, J. Stephen; Hogg, Sarah; Guzzo, Lina.
“This study examines the predictive validity of the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) on a sample of sexual offenders extracted from a large cohort of offenders and compares predictive validities with nonsexual offenders from the same cohort” (p. 1511). This article discusses: the debate about the application of general risk/need assessment instruments to sexual offenders; use of the Level of Service (LS) instruments with sexual offenders; augmenting statistically-based assessm... Read More
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29 pages
2012
Document 026039
Classifying Adult Probationers by Forecasting Future Offending
By Barnes, Geoffrey C.; Hyatt, Jordan M.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
If you are involved with the development and implementation of risk prediction tools in a probation setting, you should be aware of this new assessment system. “Random forest modeling techniques represent an improvement over the methodologies of traditional risk prediction instruments. Random forests allow for the inclusion of a large number of predictors, the use of a variety of different data sources, the expansion of assessments beyond binary outcomes, and taking the costs of different types... Read More
PDF
64 pages
2012
Document 026786
A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
PDF
37 pages
2012
Document 026783
Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
Document 026783
Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
Document 026566
CJ Treatment Forms
Texas Christian University. Institute of Behavioral Research (xxx).
'TCU assessments for treatment in correctional (Criminal Justice) settings are included in this section. They include adaptations of forms originally used in community settings (based on the DATAR project) as well as assessments designed as part of the TCU Criminal Justice projects, beginning in 1994, for assessing needs and progress of offenders. Emphasis has been on offender needs and problem severity at intake to the CJ system, as well as continued psychosocial functioning and therapeutic e... Read More
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2012
Document 026911
The Role of Screening and Assessment in Jail Reentry
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“Consistent with effective correctional practice, jails and their community partners should identify risk levels and criminogenic needs of returning [offender] populations and should focus their resources on individuals with the highest levels of both … This brief presents the two-stage screening and assessment process to determine risk and needs levels that is a core element of the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) model” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: the TJC initiative; r... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
Document 026904
LSI-R to LS/CMI Conversion: Analysis of Impact on Business Practices
By Skilling, Nancy. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The Hennepin County Department of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation (DOCCR) is transitioning from using the Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) to the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) during 2013. “Because the LSI-R is used to assign clients to appropriate supervision based on their risk scores, it is important to evaluate [the] impact that transition to the LS/CMI will have on this process … This report compares LSI-R scores to converted LS/CMI scores, defines e... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 026904
LSI-R to LS/CMI Conversion: Analysis of Impact on Business Practices
By Skilling, Nancy. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The Hennepin County Department of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation (DOCCR) is transitioning from using the Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) to the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) during 2013. “Because the LSI-R is used to assign clients to appropriate supervision based on their risk scores, it is important to evaluate [the] impact that transition to the LS/CMI will have on this process … This report compares LSI-R scores to converted LS/CMI scores, defines e... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 026904
LSI-R to LS/CMI Conversion: Analysis of Impact on Business Practices
By Skilling, Nancy. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The Hennepin County Department of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation (DOCCR) is transitioning from using the Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) to the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) during 2013. “Because the LSI-R is used to assign clients to appropriate supervision based on their risk scores, it is important to evaluate [the] impact that transition to the LS/CMI will have on this process … This report compares LSI-R scores to converted LS/CMI scores, defines e... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 026904
LSI-R to LS/CMI Conversion: Analysis of Impact on Business Practices
By Skilling, Nancy. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The Hennepin County Department of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation (DOCCR) is transitioning from using the Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) to the Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (LS/CMI) during 2013. “Because the LSI-R is used to assign clients to appropriate supervision based on their risk scores, it is important to evaluate [the] impact that transition to the LS/CMI will have on this process … This report compares LSI-R scores to converted LS/CMI scores, defines e... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027577
Pretrial Risk Assessment 101: Science Provides Guidance on Managing Defendants
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This brief explains how pretrial risk assessments can benefit the community by improving public safety and reducing costs. Sections cover: what a pretrial risk assessment tool is; the risk factors that are on a pretrial risk assessment; why it is important to some a person’s risk level; the effectiveness of pretrial risk assessments; how pretrial risk assessments are developed; the challenges and limitations of a pretrial risk assessment; and the things criminal justice stakeholders can do to im... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027092
Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice: A Guidebook for Implementation
By Vincent, Gina M.; Guy, Laura S.; Grisso, Thomas. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL).
“The primary purpose of this Guide is to provide a structure for jurisdictions, juvenile probation or centralized statewide agencies striving to implement risk assessment or to improve their current risk assessment practices. Risk assessment in this Guide refers to the practice of using a structured tool that combines information about youth to classify them as being low, moderate or high risk for reoffending or continued delinquent activity, as well as identifying factors that might reduce that... Read More
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104 pages
2012
Document 027091
Ten-Point Plan for Fair and Effective Criminal Justice for Children
Great Britain. Department for International Development. UK aid (London, England). Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England); Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice (IPJJ) (Geneva, Switzerland).
“The following Ten-Point Plan focuses on ways that law and policy makers and criminal justice practitioners can respond effectively and positively to children in conflict with the law by focussing on: prevention, diverting children from the adult justice system, rehabilitation and promoting alternative sanctions to imprisonment. It is based on relevant international instruments” (p. 1). Juvenile justice agencies in the United States, looking to reform their systems, will find some useful strateg... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2012
Document 027320
Further Efforts Are Needed to Ensure the Internal Revenue Service Prisoner File Is Accurate and Complete
U.S. Treasury Dept. Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) (Washington, DC).
“Refund fraud committed by prisoners remains a significant problem for tax administration. The number of fraudulent tax returns filed by prisoners and identified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has increased from more than 18,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2004 to more than 91,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2010. The refunds claimed on these tax returns increased from $68 million to $757 million … To combat this growing problem, the IRS compiles a list of prisoners (Prisoner File) from... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 027320
Further Efforts Are Needed to Ensure the Internal Revenue Service Prisoner File Is Accurate and Complete
U.S. Treasury Dept. Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) (Washington, DC).
“Refund fraud committed by prisoners remains a significant problem for tax administration. The number of fraudulent tax returns filed by prisoners and identified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has increased from more than 18,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2004 to more than 91,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2010. The refunds claimed on these tax returns increased from $68 million to $757 million … To combat this growing problem, the IRS compiles a list of prisoners (Prisoner File) from... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 027320
Further Efforts Are Needed to Ensure the Internal Revenue Service Prisoner File Is Accurate and Complete
U.S. Treasury Dept. Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) (Washington, DC).
“Refund fraud committed by prisoners remains a significant problem for tax administration. The number of fraudulent tax returns filed by prisoners and identified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has increased from more than 18,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2004 to more than 91,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2010. The refunds claimed on these tax returns increased from $68 million to $757 million … To combat this growing problem, the IRS compiles a list of prisoners (Prisoner File) from... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 027320
Further Efforts Are Needed to Ensure the Internal Revenue Service Prisoner File Is Accurate and Complete
U.S. Treasury Dept. Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) (Washington, DC).
“Refund fraud committed by prisoners remains a significant problem for tax administration. The number of fraudulent tax returns filed by prisoners and identified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has increased from more than 18,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2004 to more than 91,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2010. The refunds claimed on these tax returns increased from $68 million to $757 million … To combat this growing problem, the IRS compiles a list of prisoners (Prisoner File) from... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 027188
Justice in the Shadowlands: Pretrial Detention, Punishment, & the Sixth Amendment
By Appleman, Laura I..
“This Article argues that the spirit of the Sixth Amendment jury trial right might apply to many pretrial detainees, due to both the punishment-like conditions of their incarceration and the unfair procedures surrounding bail grants, denials and revocations” (p. 1297). This article is comprised of the following sections: introduction—diplomats, detention, and punishment; pretrial detention as punishment; a short history of bailing and jailing; preventative detention, future dangerousness, and th... Read More
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74 pages
2012
Document 027188
Justice in the Shadowlands: Pretrial Detention, Punishment, & the Sixth Amendment
By Appleman, Laura I..
“This Article argues that the spirit of the Sixth Amendment jury trial right might apply to many pretrial detainees, due to both the punishment-like conditions of their incarceration and the unfair procedures surrounding bail grants, denials and revocations” (p. 1297). This article is comprised of the following sections: introduction—diplomats, detention, and punishment; pretrial detention as punishment; a short history of bailing and jailing; preventative detention, future dangerousness, and th... Read More
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74 pages
2012
Document 027188
Justice in the Shadowlands: Pretrial Detention, Punishment, & the Sixth Amendment
By Appleman, Laura I..
“This Article argues that the spirit of the Sixth Amendment jury trial right might apply to many pretrial detainees, due to both the punishment-like conditions of their incarceration and the unfair procedures surrounding bail grants, denials and revocations” (p. 1297). This article is comprised of the following sections: introduction—diplomats, detention, and punishment; pretrial detention as punishment; a short history of bailing and jailing; preventative detention, future dangerousness, and th... Read More
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74 pages
2012
Document 027188
Justice in the Shadowlands: Pretrial Detention, Punishment, & the Sixth Amendment
By Appleman, Laura I..
“This Article argues that the spirit of the Sixth Amendment jury trial right might apply to many pretrial detainees, due to both the punishment-like conditions of their incarceration and the unfair procedures surrounding bail grants, denials and revocations” (p. 1297). This article is comprised of the following sections: introduction—diplomats, detention, and punishment; pretrial detention as punishment; a short history of bailing and jailing; preventative detention, future dangerousness, and th... Read More
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74 pages
2012
Document 027262
Alternative Tracks in Adult Drug Courts: Matching Your Program to the Needs of Your Clients: Part Two of a Two-Part Series
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“If a drug court has such compelling reasons to serve low-risk or low-need individuals, it should consider making substantive modifications to its program to accommodate the characteristics of its participants. This document describes a conceptual framework and evidence-based practice recommendations for designing alternative tracks within a drug court to serve different types of adult participants” (p. 1). Topics explained include: the risk and needs principles; risk and need matrix; high risk ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027261
Targeting the Right Participants for Adult Drug Courts: Part One of a Two-Part Series
By Marlowe, Douglas B.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
This publication introduces the reader to a wide range of scientific evidence regarding which offenders receive the most benefit from drug courts. Sections cover: high prognostic risk; defining risk; high criminogenic need; assessment; the DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria for Substance Dependence; suitability determinations; and alternative drug court tracks. “More than two decades of research has identified which individuals respond best to the drug court model and yield the largest returns on inv... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2012
Document 027240
Work Product of the 151st International Training Course: “Evidence-Based Treatment of Offenders”
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan).
This Training Course covers “various issues that relate to the evidence-based treatment of offenders. This issue contains papers contributed by visiting experts, selected individual presentation papers from among the participants, and the Reports of the 151st.” Contents of this volume are: Visiting Experts’ Paper. “Risk/Needs Assessment: From Theory and Methods to Policy and Practice” by Dr. Laurence Louis Motiuk (Canada) ; “The Effectiveness, Efficiency and Relevancy of Correctional Programs: A... Read More
WEB
153 pages
2012
Document 027240
Work Product of the 151st International Training Course: “Evidence-Based Treatment of Offenders”
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan).
This Training Course covers “various issues that relate to the evidence-based treatment of offenders. This issue contains papers contributed by visiting experts, selected individual presentation papers from among the participants, and the Reports of the 151st.” Contents of this volume are: Visiting Experts’ Paper. “Risk/Needs Assessment: From Theory and Methods to Policy and Practice” by Dr. Laurence Louis Motiuk (Canada) ; “The Effectiveness, Efficiency and Relevancy of Correctional Programs: A... Read More
WEB
153 pages
2012
Document 027235
Designing More Effective Correctional Programs Using Evidence-Based Practices
By Latessa, Edward J.. United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan).
Are you looking for a research-based primer on evidence-based practices. Then this article is the place to start. “Through the lens of RNR [risk, need, and responsivity] scholars and practitioners alike have a framework by which they can better study and understand criminal conduct and the effectiveness (or lack thereof) of correctional programs. This model has been widely accepted in the USA, and I believe that approach provides a framework for designing effective correctional programs. This pa... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027235
Designing More Effective Correctional Programs Using Evidence-Based Practices
By Latessa, Edward J.. United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan).
Are you looking for a research-based primer on evidence-based practices. Then this article is the place to start. “Through the lens of RNR [risk, need, and responsivity] scholars and practitioners alike have a framework by which they can better study and understand criminal conduct and the effectiveness (or lack thereof) of correctional programs. This model has been widely accepted in the USA, and I believe that approach provides a framework for designing effective correctional programs. This pa... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027310
Intimate Partner Violence Risk Assessment Tools: A Review
By Northcott, Melissa. Canada. Dept. of Justice. Research and Statistics Division (Ottawa, Ontario).
“The purpose of this report is to provide an understanding of intimate partner violence risk assessment tools and of the issues that assessors should consider when choosing an assessment instrument” (p. 1). It is an excellent resource for individuals looking for an introduction to the process of assessing the risk of another violent encounter by an intimate partner. The beginning of this report provides a clear description of what risk assessment and intimate partner violence are. This is follow... Read More
WEB
26 pages
2012
Document 026674
Growing Up Locked Down: Youth in Solitary Confinement in Jails and Prisons Across the United States
American Civil Liberties Foundation (New York, NY); Human Rights Watch (New York, NY).
'This report describes the needless suffering and misery that solitary confinement frequently inflicts on young people; examines the justifications that state and prison officials offer for using solitary confinement; and offers alternatives to solitary confinement in the housing and management of adolescents' (p. 2). Sections in addition to a summary and highlights of key recommendations are: background'kids in an adult system; how solitary confinement harms youth; youth in solitary confinement... Read More
PDF
147 pages
2012
Document 027573
Assessing Offender Risk: Indiana’s Risk Assessment System
Indiana Supreme Court (Indianapolis, IN) .
This video describes the Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS). IRAS “is designed to provide Indiana's courts with information about an offender's potential risks and needs, allowing trial courts to provide appropriate sentences, supervision and treatment services. These risk assessment tools enhance efforts to rehabilitate offenders, reduce recidivism, and increase public safety.”... Read More
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4 minutes
2012
Document 027573
Assessing Offender Risk: Indiana’s Risk Assessment System
Indiana Supreme Court (Indianapolis, IN) .
This video describes the Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS). IRAS “is designed to provide Indiana's courts with information about an offender's potential risks and needs, allowing trial courts to provide appropriate sentences, supervision and treatment services. These risk assessment tools enhance efforts to rehabilitate offenders, reduce recidivism, and increase public safety.”... Read More
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4 minutes
2012
Document 027573
Assessing Offender Risk: Indiana’s Risk Assessment System
Indiana Supreme Court (Indianapolis, IN) .
This video describes the Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS). IRAS “is designed to provide Indiana's courts with information about an offender's potential risks and needs, allowing trial courts to provide appropriate sentences, supervision and treatment services. These risk assessment tools enhance efforts to rehabilitate offenders, reduce recidivism, and increase public safety.”... Read More
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4 minutes
2012
Document 027636
Screenings and Assessments Used in the Juvenile Justice System: Tools for Assessing Sexual Recidivism Risk in Juveniles
California. Judicial Council. Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC). Judicial and Court Operations Services Division. Center for Families, Children and the Courts (San Francisco, CA).
“This briefing provides an overview of screening and assessment instruments that may be administered to youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. It describes the types of screenings and assessments that are commonly used and highlights the main issues and concerns related to selecting and using these instruments, such as instrument validation, train¬ing, tool administration, and interpretation of results” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: introduction; incident r... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 027563
Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS)
Indiana Judicial Branch. Division of State Court Administration (Indianapolis, IN).
This video explains what the Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS) is and its purpose. IRAS is “designed to provide Indiana's courts with information about an offender's potential risks and needs, allowing trial courts to provide appropriate sentences, supervision and treatment services. These risk assessment tools enhance efforts to rehabilitate offenders, reduce recidivism, and increase public safety. For more information, see http://courts.in.gov/jtac/2675.htm.”... Read More
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4 minutes
2011
Document 027647
The Utility of the SAVRY in Predicting Recidivism Among Juvenile Sex Offenders
By Owens, Timothy. Roger Williams University (RWU). Feinstein College of Arts and Sciences (Bristol, RI).
"The identification of high-risk juvenile sex offenders has become one of the most controversial tasks of forensic mental health professionals today. Courts rely on clinician assessments when attempting to differentiate between youth who are low risk versus youth that are high risk to recidivate. The present study will examine the effectiveness of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) in predicting sexual and nonsexual recidivism in a sample of juvenile sex offenders" (p. 2... Read More
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67 pages
2011
Document 027317
Prisoner Recidivism Analysis Tool
By Snyder, Howard N.; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
“This analysis tool allows users to calculate recidivism rates for persons released from state prisons. Recidivism rates may be generated for the entire sample of released prisoners or for released prisoners with specific demographic, criminal history, and sentence attributes.” The selected criteria used to generate tables and charts customized for your agency are age at release, sex, race, ethnicity, number of prior arrests, prior imprisonment, sentencing offense (homicide, rape, other sexual a... Read More
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2011
Document 026905
YLS/CMI Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy; Rud, Julie. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“The Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS) is the primary assessment tool used to assess risk and needs of juveniles supervised by Hennepin County Juvenile Probation … Evidence-Based Practices requires that assessment tools be normed and validated for the specific population for which they are used. Norms provide a frame of references for interpretation of the scores of particular persons … Internal consistency measures for the Juvenile Probation assessments are consistent with ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2011
Document 026905
YLS/CMI Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy; Rud, Julie. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“The Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS) is the primary assessment tool used to assess risk and needs of juveniles supervised by Hennepin County Juvenile Probation … Evidence-Based Practices requires that assessment tools be normed and validated for the specific population for which they are used. Norms provide a frame of references for interpretation of the scores of particular persons … Internal consistency measures for the Juvenile Probation assessments are consistent with ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2011
Document 026905
YLS/CMI Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy; Rud, Julie. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“The Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS) is the primary assessment tool used to assess risk and needs of juveniles supervised by Hennepin County Juvenile Probation … Evidence-Based Practices requires that assessment tools be normed and validated for the specific population for which they are used. Norms provide a frame of references for interpretation of the scores of particular persons … Internal consistency measures for the Juvenile Probation assessments are consistent with ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2011
Document 026905
YLS/CMI Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy; Rud, Julie. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“The Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS) is the primary assessment tool used to assess risk and needs of juveniles supervised by Hennepin County Juvenile Probation … Evidence-Based Practices requires that assessment tools be normed and validated for the specific population for which they are used. Norms provide a frame of references for interpretation of the scores of particular persons … Internal consistency measures for the Juvenile Probation assessments are consistent with ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2011
Document 026905
YLS/CMI Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy; Rud, Julie. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“The Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS) is the primary assessment tool used to assess risk and needs of juveniles supervised by Hennepin County Juvenile Probation … Evidence-Based Practices requires that assessment tools be normed and validated for the specific population for which they are used. Norms provide a frame of references for interpretation of the scores of particular persons … Internal consistency measures for the Juvenile Probation assessments are consistent with ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2011
Document 026629
The Efficacy of the Risk-Need-Responsivity Framework in Guiding Treatment for Female Young Offenders
By Vitopoulos, Antigone Nina.
It is believed that the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) framework is gender-neutral'that it works the same for male and female juvenile offenders. This report examines whether the RNR framework really does work equally well for male and female youth. This determines: whether RNR based YLS/CMI (Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory) clinician-identified needs are different for boy and girls; if the clinician-identified needs of boys and girls are matched by probation services at identical... Read More
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026629
2011
Document 026659
Does Mental Health Screening Fulfill Its Promise?
By Williams, Valerie; Grisso, Thomas. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Models for Change (Washington, DC).
The ability of a mental health screening tool, such as the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-2nd Version (MAYSI-2) to successfully assess a detained juvenile's mental state is examined. Sections comprising this brief are: background; mental health symptoms being common at detention intake; whether screening may ultimately lead to greater availability of services; disruptive incidents being the same before and after screening; whether screening scores could have helped staff anticipate dis... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 026040
Re-entry: Dynamic Risk Assessment
By Morgan, Robert D.; Kroner, Daryl G.; Mills, Jeremy F.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
This study aims to examine the dynamic predictors of post-release outcomes for parolees reentering the community. Sections of this report following an abstract are: executive summary; technical report—introduction, methods, and results; and conclusions. “Most notably, in this study changes in offenders dynamic functioning was not associated with changes in community outcomes. That is, measuring change in offenders functioning using rated measures did not increase our ability to predict community... Read More
PDF
129 pages
2011
Document 025589
Webinar: Maximizing the Impact of Juvenile Justice Interventions: The Importance of Risk/Needs Assessment
Council of State Governments. Criminal Justice Mental Health Consensus Project (New York, NY); University of Massachusetts. Medical School. National Youth Screening and Assessment Project (NYSAP) (Worcester, MA).
This webinar addresses the use of risk/needs assessment in juvenile justice. It is also a very good introduction to what risk assessment entails. Topics discussed include: what a risk assessment tool is; the national perspective and importance of risk assessment; guiding principles; benefits per dollar invested; valid identification is the first step; ways proper implementation of a risk assessment can save costs; important risk assessment concepts; static risk factors; criminogenic need/dynamic... Read More
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37 pages + 1 audio file (58 minutes)
2011
Document 024954
State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
“This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
PDF
42 pages
2011
Document 025120
Desktop Guide for Tribal Probation Personnel: The Screening and Assessment Process
By Cobb, Kimberly A.; Mowatt, Mary Ann; Matz, Adam; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
"This guide is intended to provide tribal probation personnel with information on how the screening and assessment process can facilitate and promote offender accountability and long-term behavior change" (p. 2). Sections comprising this publication are: community corrections in context; the screening and assessment process; benefits of screening and assessment tools; choosing a tool; challenges to using assessment instruments; using screening and assessment results; and conclusion. Appendixes d... Read More
PDF
80 pages
2011
Document 025343
Risk/Needs Assessment 101: Science Reveals New Tools to Manage Offenders
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
The use of risk/needs assessment tools is explained. Those people wanting to implement or expand the use of such tools should read this issue brief. Sections of this publication cover: what risk/needs assessment tools are; how these tools are used; what criminal risk factors are; the importance of differentiating individuals by risk level; the effectiveness of risk/needs tools; the tools available; considerations that should be made when implementing an assessment tool; the challenges and limita... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2011
Document 026455
Exploring the Role of Responsivity and Assessment with Hispanic and American Indian Offenders
By Kane, Michael; Bechtel, Kristin; Revicki, Jesse; McLaughlin, Erin; McCall, Janice. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Community Resources for Justice (CRJ). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
“This report presents findings from an exploration of cultural responsivity in risk and needs assessment in community corrections agencies. As risk and needs assessment becomes more popular in community corrections, more researchers have begun to study issues involving the specific characteristics of offenders and how they interact with assessment and programming to impact outcomes, a concept commonly known as responsivity. In particular, two cultural groups were selected for study: Hispanics an... Read More
PDF
113 pages
2011
Document 027048
For Computer Use in Prisons
By Corpora, Mark.
This presentation is a good place to start for a good overview of inmate computer use. Topics discussed include: the controversy of whether to allow incarcerated inmates to have computer access; history of computers in prisons; states that allow personal computer access; some reasons against allowing inmates computer use; debunking the arguments against computer use in prison—security and underserved privileges; arguments for prison computer use—computer literacy, legal work, productivity, educa... Read More
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13 pages
2011
Document 026987
Can Risk Assessment Improve Juvenile Justice Practices?
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL).
“A growing number of juvenile justice experts are suggesting a new, potentially more effective approach to reducing recidivism: first identify a youth’s risk of re-offending; then match services to his or her specific risk factors and responsiveness to specific types of interventions. This study examined the implementation of risk/needs assessment tools in six juvenile probation offices in two states, and what effects it had on the practices of the probation officers” (p. 1). Sections of this br... Read More
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4 pages
2011
Document 027264
Constitutional Law--Cross-Gender Pat Searches: The Battle Between Inmates and Corrections Officers Enters the Courtroom
By Gallagher, Robyn.
The issue of cross-gender pat searches is bound to impact a correctional agency. What is unique about this article is that it takes a detailed look at the conflict between the rights of inmates not to be subjected to pat frisks by a member of the opposite sex and the right of correctional staff not to be discriminated against in regards to their gender and opportunities for employment. This Note is divided into four parts that address: cross-gender pat searches and various prisoners’ rights—the ... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2010
Document 026738
Take This Job and Shove It: An Exploratory Study of Turnover Intent among Jail Staff
By Lambert, Eric; Paoline, Eugene A..
This article provides valuable information on why jail staff quit their jobs. It looks at the many factors that can influence high employee turnover in jails. Sections following an abstract include: introduction; literature review; methodology; findings; and discussion and conclusion. 'Based on a multivariate analysis, the most powerful predictors of jail staff turnover intent were job attitudes (i.e., job involvement, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment). The findings suggested that... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2010
Document 026901
DOCCR Validation of Two Domestic Violence Risk Instruments: Domestic Violence Screening Instrument (DVSI) & Spousal Abuse Risk Assessment (SARA)
By Skilling, Nancy; Nonemaker, Debra. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The predictive validity of the Domestic Violence Screening Instrument (DVSI) and the Spousal Abuse Risk Assessment (SARA) Guide being used to assess misdemeanor domestic violence offenders is determined. “The results of this study provide strong evidence of validity of the SARA and the DVSI in predicting risk to reoffend in general and risk for domestic violence related offenses specifically. This is true for subpopulations of first time domestic offenders, repeat domestic offenders, males and f... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2010
Document 026902
LSI-R Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The norming of the Hennepin County Pre-Screener and Level of Service Inventory Revised (LSI-R) is described. Norming involves a standardization sample used for determining a normal distribution of test takers. These percentages are then used for ranking assessed offenders in the future. Norms are not standards but frames of reference. The recommendation for assigning offenders to traditional supervision in the community is that their LSI-R score be 24 or lower.... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2010
Document 026902
LSI-R Norming Report
By Skilling, Nancy. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
The norming of the Hennepin County Pre-Screener and Level of Service Inventory Revised (LSI-R) is described. Norming involves a standardization sample used for determining a normal distribution of test takers. These percentages are then used for ranking assessed offenders in the future. Norms are not standards but frames of reference. The recommendation for assigning offenders to traditional supervision in the community is that their LSI-R score be 24 or lower.... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2010
Document 026903
DOCCR Validation Study of the Research Institute on Addiction Sefl-Inventory (RIASA)
By Skilling, Nancy; Nonemaker, Debra. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“Repeat offenders pose a significant threat to public safety and reducing DWI [driving while impaired] recidivism is an important goal of DOCCR. The first step in achieving that goal is the identification of those DWI offenders who are at higher risk to reoffend by the use of a valid screening process, one that is predictive of subsequent DWI offenses” (p. 1). This study looks to determine the validity of the Research Institute on Addiction Self-Inventory (RIASI) in risk screening DWI offenders.... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2010
Document 026903
DOCCR Validation Study of the Research Institute on Addiction Sefl-Inventory (RIASA)
By Skilling, Nancy; Nonemaker, Debra. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“Repeat offenders pose a significant threat to public safety and reducing DWI [driving while impaired] recidivism is an important goal of DOCCR. The first step in achieving that goal is the identification of those DWI offenders who are at higher risk to reoffend by the use of a valid screening process, one that is predictive of subsequent DWI offenses” (p. 1). This study looks to determine the validity of the Research Institute on Addiction Self-Inventory (RIASI) in risk screening DWI offenders.... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2010
Document 026903
DOCCR Validation Study of the Research Institute on Addiction Sefl-Inventory (RIASA)
By Skilling, Nancy; Nonemaker, Debra. Hennepin County Dept. of Community Corrections and Rehabilitation. Office of Planning, Policy and Evaluation (St. Paul, MN).
“Repeat offenders pose a significant threat to public safety and reducing DWI [driving while impaired] recidivism is an important goal of DOCCR. The first step in achieving that goal is the identification of those DWI offenders who are at higher risk to reoffend by the use of a valid screening process, one that is predictive of subsequent DWI offenses” (p. 1). This study looks to determine the validity of the Research Institute on Addiction Self-Inventory (RIASI) in risk screening DWI offenders.... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2010
Document 025534
Developments in Risk Assessment: Violence Risk and Sexual Violence Risk
By Heilbrun, Kirk.
A detailed outline with notes for a training session about advances in risk assessment for violent offenders and sex offenders is provided. This presentation discusses: the uses of risk assessment; nature of risk assessment; legal contours; ethical contours; forensic contours; general considerations when conducting a risk assessment; conducting risk assessment with different populations; basic rates and risk factors for violent behavior; various risk assessment tools; implications for interventi... Read More
DOC
96 pages
2010
Document 025103
Evidence-Based Sentencing for Drug Offenders: An Analysis of Prognostic Risks and Criminogenic Needs
By Marlowe, Douglas B..
“A model of evidence-based sentencing is presented that attempts to match drug offenders to dispositions that optimally balance impacts on cost, public safety, and the welfare of the offender” (p. 169). This model may give your agency some ideas on what sentencing options work best for your offender population. Sections of this article are: introduction; dispositions for drug offenders—pre-trial diversion of administrative probation, probation without verdict, drug courts, intermediate punishmen... Read More
PDF
35 pages
2010
Document 024322
Mental Health Screening and Assessment in the Illinois Juvenile Justice System
By Bostwick, Lindsay. Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission (Chicago, IL). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
If you are involved with screening juvenile offenders, you want to read this report. It discusses the differences in assessment instruments, their use, and concerns regarding such. Sections cover: introduction; mental health screening and assessment practices in the Illinois juvenile justice system; mental health screening and assessment tools—psychometric properties, mental health screening instruments, mental health assessment instruments, and other screening and assessment tools; conclusion; ... Read More
PDF
71 p.
2010
Document 024453
Suitability of Assessment Instruments for Delinquent Girls
By Brumbaugh, Susan; Walters, Jennifer L. Hardison; Winterfield, Laura A.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Individuals tasked with (or others just interested in) implementing an effective screening process for juvenile females need to read this bulletin. “The purpose of this report is to determine the extent to which assessment instruments used with at-risk and justice-involved youth are equally appropriate and effective in assessing girls and boys” (p. 2). This report is comprised of sections about: background and methods; examining two categories of instruments—risk assessment and treatment-focused... Read More
PDF
12 p.
2010
Document 024635
Static-99 Clearinghouse
Static-99 Clearinghouse (N.P.).
A wealth of information regarding this sex offender risk assessment instrument for adult males is available at this website. Points of entry are Static-99 documents, training, Static-2002 documents, research, norms, legal issues, and related links.... Read More
WEB
2 p.
2010
Document 024753
Kentucky Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument Validation
By Austin, James; Ocker, Roger; Bhati, Avi. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). JFA Institute (Washington, DC).
The validity of the Kentucky Pretrial Service Agency (KPSA) risk assessment instrument is determined. Other pretrial agencies can compare their risk assessment instruments to this evaluation to see where they stand. Sections of this report are: introduction; research methods; use of special conditions; and improvement of the current tool. Based on conflicts in the prior instrument, a modified tool resulted from this study.... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2010
Document 024782
Anthony Malenchik, Appellant v. State of Indiana, Appellee
Indiana Supreme Court (Indianapolis, IN).
A judicial decision supporting the courts use of objective assessment tools is presented. The members of the court “hold that the results of LSI-R [Level of Service Inventory-Revised] and SASSI [Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory] offender assessment instruments are appropriate supplemental tools for judicial considerations in sentencing. These evaluations and their scores are not intended to serve as aggravating or mitigating circumstances nor to determine the gross length of sentence, ... Read More
PDF
15 pages
2010
Document 024875
Risk as Proxy for Race
By Harcourt, Bernard E.. University of Chicago. Law School (Chicago, IL).
The author explains why “the use of risk-assessment tools to decrease prison populations, first, will unquestionably aggravate the already intolerable racial imbalance in our prison populations (at least in the United States) and second, will not address the real source of mass incarceration, namely the front-end admissions process” (p. 2). Sections of this paper include: cautionary tales on prediction; from race to risk and prior criminal history as a proxy for skin color—race as an early predi... Read More
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14 pages
2010
Document 025660
Assessment, Intervention and Prevention of Self-Injurious Behavior in Correctional Environments
By Usher, Amelia; Power, Janine; Wilton, Geoff. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
Potential strategies for dealing with self-injurious behavior (SIB) are examined. Agencies looking for evidence-based practices for addressing SIB will find this report very good. Sections in addition to an executive summary include: profile of offenders and factors associated with SIB; evidence-based interventions for SIB—risk assessment, comprehensive therapies, common features of effective interventions, interventions for aboriginal offenders, and administrative responses; helping staff deal ... Read More
PDF
58 pages
2010
Document 026650
What Is So Special About Male Adolescent Sexual Offending? A Review and Test of Explanations Through Meta-Analysis
By Seto, Michael C.; Lalumiere, Martin L..
'In the present quantitative review, we focus on the validity of special explanations of adolescent sexual offending that are testable by comparing adolescent sex offenders with other adolescent offenders 'We contrast offense-specific theories with the more parsimonious view that sexual offending is simply one of many manifestations of general antisocial tendencies (which we also refer to as the 'general delinquency explanation') and therefore can be explained with the same risk factors and proc... Read More
PDF
50 pages
2010
Document 026672
Report on the Activities of the Institutional Corrections Research Network, 2007-2009
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) (Middletown, MD).
The National Institute of Corrections 'has incorporated outcome measures and performance standards into the work that they do across the country to determine if those activities were having an impact and benefiting the field ' One of the primary means by which NIC approached this work was through the development of the Institutional Corrections Research Network (ICRN) ' a group of correctional administrators and corrections researchers that meets annually to discuss research in the field of corr... Read More
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46 pages
2010
Document 027571
Indiana Risk Assessment System
By Lovins, B.K.. University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Anyone looking for an example of a great risk assessment system and or risk assessment instruments needs to look at this publication. “The Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS) is made up of five separate instruments to be used at specific points in the criminal justice process to identify an offender’s risk to reoffend and criminogenic needs. These instruments are used at distinct points in the criminal justice system to promote and assist with developing individualized case plans. By appropria... Read More
PDF
117 pages
2010
Document 027571
Indiana Risk Assessment System
By Lovins, B.K.. University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Anyone looking for an example of a great risk assessment system and or risk assessment instruments needs to look at this publication. “The Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS) is made up of five separate instruments to be used at specific points in the criminal justice process to identify an offender’s risk to reoffend and criminogenic needs. These instruments are used at distinct points in the criminal justice system to promote and assist with developing individualized case plans. By appropria... Read More
PDF
117 pages
2010
Document 027336
What Is So Special About Male Adolescent Sexual Offending? A Review and Test of Explanation Through Meta-Analysis
By Seto, Michael C.; Lalumiere, Martin L..
Anyone working with or interested in male juvenile sexual offenders should read this article. Topics discussed within it include: theories of sexual offending; comparing theories of sexual offending; methodological considerations; purpose of this quantitative review; the general delinquency explanation; special explanations of adolescent sexual offending--the sexually abused sexual abuser, poor childhood attachment, social incompetence, sexual development, atypical sexual interests, psychopathy,... Read More
PDF
50 pages
2009
Document 025408
“What Works” for Female Probationers? An Evaluation of the Moving On Program
By Gehring, Krista S.; Van Voorhis, Patricia; Bell, Valerie R.. University of Cincinnati. Division of Criminal Justice (Cincinnati, OH).
The effectiveness of the Moving On program is evaluated. Moving On is a gender-responsive, cognitive behavioral program for women probationers. Sections of this report include: program description; data and study design; sample; outcome measures; results for rearrests, convictions, incarcerations, and technical violations; effects of program completion on rearrests, convictions, incarcerations, and technical violations; and implications of the findings. “The findings from this study indicate th... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2008
Document 024311
Gender Responsive Classification Instruments for Women Offenders: What Do They Look Like and How Will They Improve Practice? [Lesson Plan]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This two-hour training session is for correctional managers wanting to implement risk and needs assessments for adult female offenders. Participants will: become familiar with gender-responsive assessments and approaches; and receive information regarding the adoption of the Women’s Risk and Needs Assessment instrument. Topics discussed include: evidence-based practice; risk/needs assessment; gender-neutral risk assessment; women offenders; gender-responsive concepts; risk assessment validation;... Read More

12 p.
2008
Document 022844
Achieving Accurate Pictures of Risk and Identifying Gender Responsive Needs: Two New Assessments for Women Offenders
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The development of new risk/needs assessments specifically designed for female offenders is discussed. This report is comprised of these sections:
  • The case for women's needs;
  • Development of new assessments;
  • Construction validation research;
  • Full instruments;
  • Implementation considerations;
  • Obtaining the gender-responsive assessments;
  • And conclusion.
... Read More
PDF
26 p.
2008
Document 022904
Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2008: Applying Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Articles in this issue include:
  • “Foreword” by Ken Rose
  • “A Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services” by John Clark
  • “Advancing Evidence-Based Practices in the Pretrial Field” by Katie Green, Pat Smith, and Kristina Bryant
  • “Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado” by Michael R. Jones and Sue Ferrere
  • “Pretrial Defendants: Are They Getting Too Much of a Good Thing?” by Barbara M. Hankey
  • “Charge Specialty and Revicti... Read More
PDF
40 p.
2008
Document 022999
Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado
By Jones, Michael R.; Ferrere, Sue. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The Colorado Improving Supervised Pretrial Release (CISPR) Project, an innovative pretrial initiative, is described. This article contains these sections; introduction; aims of the CISPR Project; and CISPR phases -- develop statistically validated pretrial release risk assessment instrument, match risks and interventions, educate system stakeholders, prepare documentation, assist with local implementation, and solidify progress. Phase I should last through 2008 with following phases continuing ... Read More
PDF
5 p.
2008
Document 023364
Overview of Domestic Violence (DV) Risk Assessment Instruments (Frequently Asked Questions)
By Bechtel, Kristin; Woodward, Bill. National Institute of Corrections ((Washington, DC).
Frequently asked questions about domestic violence (DV) risk assessment instruments are answered. Topics covered are: why risk assessment instruments are needed for DV offenders; instruments that can be used to assess DV offenders; what can be done if caseloads are too high to provide a full general/violent assessment of all DV offenders; why one should use a general third generation risk assessment tool before using a specific DV assessment instrument; how to know there are “low” risk DV offen... Read More
PDF
5 p.
2008
Document 023357
Our System of Corrections: Do Jails Play a Role in Improving Offender Outcomes?
By Christensen, Gary E.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
"This document will review the role of jails and incarceration within United States' correctional systems and propose opportunities for jail officials to interact and collaborate with local criminal justice entities with the shared purpose of enhancing long-term public safety" (p. ix). Sections following an abstract include: practice within corrections -- does it work as a system; corrections within the U.S. -- the current context; evidence-based practice -- the effectiveness of criminal sancti... Read More
PDF
43 p.
2008
Document 025819
Gender-Responsive Program Assessment
By Covington, Stephanie S.; Bloom, Barbara E.. Center for Gender and Justice (La Jolla, CA).
“The Gender-Responsive Program Assessment tool is an instrument by which program administrators, program evaluators, agency monitors and staff can evaluate the gender responsiveness of programs for women and girls and obtain feedback that can be used to improve the quality of a program’s services” (p. 1). This tool allows one to evaluate these program elements: theoretical foundation and mission statement; site and facility; administration and staffing; program environment and culture; treatment... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2007
Document 023740
Gender-Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment, Final Report
By Wright, Emily; Van Voorhis, Patricia; Bauman, Ashley; Salisbury, Emily. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Results are provided from an evaluation of the gender-responsive risk/needs assessment used by Minnesota, the LSI-R (Level of Service Inventory-Revised), and a supplement called the "trailer". Sections comprising this report include: project history; women offenders and risk assessment; study methodology; results; construction of the final trailer instrument; treatment and policy implications; implementation considerations; and conclusion.... Read More
PDF
117 p.
2007
Document 023746
A Gender Responsive Risk Assessment for Women Offenders: Results for the Missouri Department of Corrections Probation, Prison, and Pre-Release Samples
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley; Holsinger, Kristi. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Results are reported for an evaluation of a stand alone risk/needs assessment instrument for female offenders developed for the Missouri Department of Corrections. Sections of this document include: gender responsive needs; Missouri Project history; methodology; analyses of findings; implementation issues; and conclusion.... Read More
PDF
100 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2006
Document 023736
Gender Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment, Final Report
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Bauman, Ashley; Wright, Emily . National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Results from the Gender-Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment Project for Maui CARE are provided. Maui CARE is an "interagency collaboration with the communities of Maui, Molokai, and Lanai to improve criminal justice responses and outcomes for women and their families" (p. 9). This report contains sections about: project history; supporting research; study methodology; results; construction of the final trailer; summary of implementation considerations; and summary of policy implications.... Read More
PDF
75 p.
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