U.S. Department of Justice
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Recently found corrections resources available online.
New in the Library
Leadership Annotated Bibliography
Posted: 3 days ago
(2017) This annotated bibliography provides current and useful information about leadership to corrections professionals. There are many different theories about leadership. A leader needs to be aware of them because different styles of leadership may be needed for differing situations. In the end, results of good leadership will include high morale, employee retention, and sustainable success over the long run. This bibliography touches on a few of the main theories, and looks at the impact of leadership on various groups and succession planning. Topics covered are: general; various leadership types—adaptive leadership, authentic leadership, change leadership, emotional intelligence, ethical leadership, leader-member exchange (LMX), servant leadership, and virtuous leadership; leading generations; women and leadership; leadership and diversity; leadership development; leadership in corrections; and succession planning.
New in the Library
Incarceration Rates and Traits of Sexual Minorities in the United States: National Inmate Survey, 2011–2012
Posted: 1 week ago
(2017) This report examines the "characteristics of sexual minority US inmates … Sexual minorities (those who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual or report a same-sex sexual experience before arrival at the facility) were disproportionately incarcerated: 9.3% of men in prison, 6.2% of men in jail, 42.1% of women in prison, and 35.7% of women in jail were sexual minorities. The incarceration rate of self-identified lesbian, gay, or bisexual persons was 1882 per 100 000, more than 3 times that of the US adult population. Compared with straight inmates, sexual minorities were more likely to have been sexually victimized as children, to have been sexually victimized while incarcerated, to have experienced solitary confinement and other sanctions, and to report current psychological distress …There is disproportionate incarceration, mistreatment, harsh punishment, and sexual victimization of sexual minority inmates, which calls for special public policy and health intervention" (p. 234). American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy (AJHP) v. 107 n. 2, p. 234-240.
New in the Library
Shackled to Debt: Criminal Justice Financial Obligations and the Barriers to Re-Entry They Create
Posted: 5 weeks ago
(2017) The "authors discuss the long-term and unintended consequences of criminal justice financial obligations (CJFOs): fines, forfeiture of property, court fees, supervision fees, and restitution." [They] "describe trends in the assessment of CJFOs, discuss the historical context within which these trends have unfolded, and reflect on their unintended (but perhaps easily foreseen) consequences. We then treat restitution separately, given the distinct function (in theory at least) that restitution serves. We also raise serious concerns about how restitution tends to be implemented and who benefits from this particular obligation. We end by considering alternative models for the effective and fair deployment of fines, fees and restitution in the criminal justice context" (p. 2).
New in the Library
How Many Americans Are Unnecessarily Incarcerated?
Posted: 6 weeks ago
(2016) "Nearly 40 percent of the U.S. prison population — 576,000 people — are behind bars with no compelling public safety reason, according to a new report from the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law. The first-of-its-kind analysis provides a blueprint for how the country can drastically cut its prison population while still keeping crime rates near historic lows." Sections cover: the current prison population; time served in prison today; ending prison for lower-level crimes; reducing time served for other crimes; and recommendations and cost savings.
New in the Library
Should Social Media Be Banned in Prison?
Posted: 7 weeks ago
(2017) Issues surrounding the use of social media in U.S. prisons are discussed, including security, rehabilitation, and whether the use of social media and the internet are protected by the First Amendment.
New in the Library
Building Trust and Legitimacy Within Community Corrections
Posted: 8 weeks ago
(2016) “What the authors of this report have done is exemplify the importance of community corrections. Probation has the power to keep individuals in their community, working toward positive change and better outcomes for themselves, their families, and their communities.” - Jim Cosby, Past Director, National Institute of Corrections "This paper will discuss the need for a new model for community corrections that can improve public safety while recognizing that people on probation and parole are members of the communities in which they live and are supervised" (p. 3). Six general principles which provide the foundation for this new model of community corrections are described.
New in the Library
Aiming to Reduce Time-In-Cell: Reports from Correctional Systems on the Numbers of Prisoners in Restricted Housing and on the Potential of Policy Changes to Bring About Reforms
Posted: 9 weeks ago
(2016) This report "provides the only current, comprehensive data on the use of restricted housing, in which individuals are held in their cells for 22 hours or more each day, and for 15 continuous days or more at a time. The Report also documents efforts across the country to reduce the number of people in restricted housing and to reform the conditions in which isolated prisoners are held in order to improve safety for prisoners, staff, and communities at large" (p. 1).
New in the Library
Restrictive Housing: Roadmap to Reform [Internet Broadcast]
Posted: 10 weeks ago
(2016) “Do we really think it makes sense to lock so many people alone in tiny cells for 23 hours a day for months, sometime for years at a time? That is not going to make us safer. It’s not going to make us stronger. If those individuals are ultimately released, how are they ever going to adapt? It’s not smart.” – President Barack Obama, NAACP National Convention speech, July 14, 2015. The use of Restrictive Housing poses some of the most challenging questions facing corrections professionals: How should correctional agencies manage their most violent and disruptive inmates? How can they best protect their most vulnerable and victimized ones? And what is the safest and most humane way to do so? The Department of Justice (DOJ) and the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) define “restrictive housing” as a form of housing that involves three basic elements: removal from the general inmate population, whether voluntary or involuntary; placement in a locked room or cell, whether alone or with another inmate; and inability to leave the room or cell for the vast majority of the day, typically 22 hours or more. Restrictive housing takes many forms, and an inmate’s experience can vary considerably depending on certain external factors, such as length of stay, conditions of confinement, and degree of social isolation, as well as factors specific to each inmate, such as age and psychological resiliency. This training broadcast will: examine restrictive housing practices in your agency and compare and contrast those with the DOJ Guiding Principles; explore the Guiding Principles and implications for restrictive housing practice and conditions of confinement; use interactive activities and action planning to determine strategies for your agency to safely reduce the use of restrictive housing in your agency; and share promising practices and recommendations for the implementation of the Guiding Principles. This broadcast will answer the following questions: How should prisons and other correctional facilities manage their most violent and dangerous inmates? How can they best protect their most vulnerable and victimized inmates? What is the safest and most humane way to do so? Why did the Department of Justice create a set of Guiding Principles on the effective use of Restrictive Housing? How can we use the DOJ Guiding Principles to self-evaluate our current agency practice?
New in the Library
More Than Emptying Beds: A Systems Approach to Segregation Reform
Posted: 14 weeks ago
(2016) "Segregation has been and will continue to be a tool that is necessary to manage legitimate safety concerns. Reforms in the use of this practice will only be successful if the safety of inmates and staff is maintained or improved in the process. To impact the health and well-being of people under correctional control, reducing the use of segregation on its own by only “emptying beds” is of limited value. To make an impactful change, a systems approach to this complex issue is essential. This policy brief shares lessons from the systems approach to reform undertaken by the Washington Department of Corrections (WADOC) that began more than a decade ago and continues to the present day" (p. 3-4).
New in the Library
HOPE II: A Followup Evaluation of Hawai'i’s HOPE Probation
Posted: 14 weeks ago
(2016) "Hawai'i’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Hawai'i’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement probation relies on a regimen of regular, random drug testing tied to swift and certain, but modest, sanctions to motivate probationer compliance. In two 2007 studies in Hawai'i, a comparison-group quasi-experiment and a randomized controlled trial, HOPE was demonstrated to improve compliance with terms of probation at 12-month followup, with large reductions in drug use, recidivism, and overall incarceration for offenders assigned to the program … This study extends the original HOPE evaluations to an almost ten-year followup, addressing whether the improvements in criminal-justice outcomes observed during the active HOPE intervention persist after the term of probation. The study also documents changes in HOPE practices and ongoing implementation fidelity to the model … HOPE probationers performed better than those supervised under routine supervision. They were less likely to be revoked and returned to prison" (p. 2-3).
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News
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Important corrections news and announcements.
Corrections News
New to the NIC Website: Technology in Corrections
Posted: 2 days ago
Recently added to the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) website is our new web page focusing on Technology in Corrections. In many ways technology has been a help and a hindrance for the corrections field. People working in the field struggle to decide how to handle these technologies...if at all. Technology consistently changes faster than corrections and/or society can keep up with it. Implementing a technology, or plans to battle it (take cell phones for instance), can be a long and difficult process, and before new technology can be implemented, things may have changed. This package page contains information about: computers the internet, apps, body cameras, bio-metrics facial recognition, cell phones, drones, electronic monitoring GPS, and x-rays scanners, in order to provide information on the biggest trends in technology for the corrections field. Example resources from the Technology in Corrections page: Visions of Law Enforcement Technology in the Period 20
Corrections News
In the News: Women Shortchanged by Justice Reforms
Posted: 3 days ago
This article summarizes a recent report from the Prisoner Reentry Institute of John Jay College of Criminal Justice on gender and criminal justice reform. The report, Women In Justice: Gender and the Pathway to Jail, argues that reforms must be gender-responsive, faithful to the principles of parsimony and proportionality, and engage social services to better serve individuals with criminal justice involvement. Highlights from the report: The number of women in the American justice system has grown exponentially, by more than 700%, from 1980 to 2014. Women of color in particular are disproportionately arrested and incarcerated. The New York City data (from Rikers Island) shows that women are charged with less serious crimes, are less likely to be charged with violent crimes, and are less likely to return to jail within one year. Recommended guiding principles of reform: Interventions to address the needs of justice-involved women in New York City must be gender-respons
Corrections News
Register Now: Best Practices in Communicating with Survivors of Sex Trafficking
Posted: 1 week ago
Attend this free webinar on Mar 28, 2017 at 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM EST. About the webinar: Speaker: Asia Graves, a survivor of human trafficking and an anti-trafficking advocate, has dedicated her life to helping others understand the magnitude and implications of trafficking in the United States. From the ages 16 to 18, Asia was sold in cities all along the East Coast, including Boston, Atlanta, Miami and New York. After she escaped, Asia worked with the FBI to help indict members of the sex-trafficking ring who had held her captive. She worked as the Maryland Outreach Services Coordinator and Survivor Advocate at FAIR Girls, a non-profit devoted to preventing the exploitation of girls worldwide through empowerment and education. Asia testified before a U.S. Senate Committee on human trafficking and worked for the Department of Justice as a consultant and trainer in the Office for Victims of Crime. Today, Asia works for an anti-human trafficking organization and continues to advocat
Corrections News
Mental Health First Aid Courses
Posted: 1 week ago
Apply for NIC s Mental Health First Aid courses coming in May and June. Mental Health First Aid - 17P1019 (https://nicic.gov/training/17p1019)Apply by: April 3, 2017 Starts: May 23, 2017 Mental Health First Aid 17P1020 (https://nicic.gov/training/17p1020)Apply by: May 8, 2017 Starts: June 20, 2017 Description: Mental Health First Aid is an 8-hour, one day course that teaches individuals how to help someone who is developing a mental health problem or experiencing a mental health crisis. The training helps individuals identify, understand and respond to signs of addictions and mental illnesses. Topics covered include Depression and Mood disorders; Anxiety disorders; Trauma; Psychosis; and Substance Use Disorders. Mental Health First Aid teaches about recovery and resiliency the belief that individuals experiencing these challenges can and do get better, and use their strengths to stay well. Eligibility: Mental Health First Aid - Adult is intended for all people and orga
Corrections News
Updated Information! Join NIC's Training Administrators Network (TAN)!
Posted: 3 weeks ago
NIC Academy Training Administrators Network (TAN) Want to get in on the ground floor on creating an NIC Network? Do you want to meet and share problems and solutions with other training administrators? Want to collaborate with NIC on bringing the latest learning and performance research and application to the field? May 16-17, 2017 NIC Academy Division, Learning and Performance Initiative will be launching the Training Administrators Network (TAN). We are very excited to bring back this network. Tasks on the agenda will include a new name, a new charter, and new members. The Network will be by invitation only so we need your help: 1. Identify any new State Prison Training Directors and/or new contact info. (We have a list but may be outdated.) 2. Identify Training Director/Administrator for TAN membership from juvenile justice, jails and community (parole, probation, community corrections). Criteria for membership in Training Administrators Network: A. Primary
Corrections News
Trauma Program Named as Semifinalist for 2017 Innovations in American Government Awards
Posted: 3 weeks ago
Last week, it was announced that the Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation has recognized the Women s Re-entry Assessment and Programming (WRAP) initiative from Chester County, Pennsylvania as a semifinalist for this year s Innovations in American Government Awards. County Commissioner Michelle Kichline described the WRAP program as transforming a male-centric justice system to one of connections and interventions that respect the life experiences women bring to the system. WRAP s holistic and gender-specific approach is not only innovative, but it is highly successful. We re pleased that an organization as esteemed as Harvard University s Ash Center has recognized this innovation too. From The Times Herald news: The WRAP program is a trauma-informed approach to dealing with women who find themselves in the criminal justice system. The program began in 2014 with 50 women, working with one probation officer trained in motivational interviewing and trauma-inform
Corrections News
Cooperative Agreement: Jail Administration Training and Technical Assistance
Posted: 5 weeks ago
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is seeking applications for funding under the Fiscal Year (FY) 2017 to administer program delivery of the curricula associated with the Jail Administration program and the delivery of technical assistance associated with jail administrative issues. The awardee will work closely with NIC staff on all aspects of the project. To be considered, applicants must demonstrate, at a minimum, 1) in-depth knowledge of the purpose, functions, and operational complexities of local jails, 2) expertise on the key elements in jail administration, 3) experience in developing curriculum, based on adult learning principles, and 4) extensive experience in working with local jails on issues related to administration and operations. Overview: Jail administrators have an important role in ensuring that jail operations are conducted in a safe, secure, humane, and legal manner. The goal of the Jail Administration program is to provide jail administrators with i
Corrections News
Transgender Persons In Custody: The Legal Landscape – Register Now!
Posted: 5 weeks ago
Transgender Persons In Custody: The Legal Landscape Register Online for this Live-Streaming Internet Training Broadcast at http://nicic.gov/training/nicwbt98 March 29, 2017 9:00am PT / 10:00am MT / 11:00am CT / 12:00pm ET Do you and your agency have questions about the management of transgender persons in custody? In response to this emerging correctional issue, the National Institute of Corrections is conducting a live internet broadcast designed to: provide information to agency legal counsel and corrections professionals regarding transgender persons in custody and their presumptive legal rights; demystify the issues surrounding policy and procedures decisions affecting this population; and identify emerging challenges and opportunities to provide strategies for ensuring equity while maintaining safety and security. During this live event, we will: Address agencies questions regarding issues, barriers, challenges and practices that affect transgender persons in cu
Corrections News
Call for Technical Resource Providers - Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT)
Posted: 5 weeks ago
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is conducting market research and seeks individuals with demonstrated experience in successful planning, implementing, training and evaluating of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) programs for justice-involved populations in community, jails, and prison settings. The MAT technical assistance effort will support work being done by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), which is working to identify and cultivate Centers of Innovation (COIs) as laboratories for promising practices. This work includes developing and disseminating a self-guided assessment tool for the field; providing specialized technical assistance and training; and coordinating with NIC and professional associations and networks to promote MAT, consistent with the needs of the field. Deadline: February 28, 2017 Technical Assistance Details and Application
Corrections News
Join the Webinar: NIJ Research and Evaluation on Drugs and Crime FY2017 Solicitation
Posted: 5 weeks ago
This funding opportunity seeks proposals to conduct applied research that examines criminal justice tools, protocols, and policies concerning drug trafficking, markets, and use applicable to state, tribal, and local jurisdictions. Applications must address one of two research categories: narcotics, forensic science, and medicolegal death investigation and prosecution; or drug intelligence and community surveillance. NIJ has identified two drug priorities: heroin and other opioids (including diverted prescription drugs); and novel psychoactive substances (also known as synthetic drugs). Date/Time: Wednesday, February 22, 2017 1:00 pm EST Webinar Registration: https://ojp.webex.com/ojp/onstage/g.php?MTID=e5ce1742686e9f8529ac2cd443646c54e Solicitation: https://nij.gov/funding/Documents/solicitations/NIJ-2017-12043.pdf
Older News
Training
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Upcoming training, broadcasts, and e-learning opportunities.
Training Opportunity
National Sheriffs' Institute
Register Before: July 02, 2017
(Begins September 18, 2017) The National Sheriffs' Institute (NSI), sponsored by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and the National Sheriffs' Association (NSA), is designed to enhance your leadership skills as you take on the challenges of your first term as sheriff. It is the only executive leadership program designed specifically for first-term sheriffs. It was first developed and delivered in the early 1970s and has changed over the years to meet the evolving needs of first-term sheriffs. The program is held in Aurora, Colorado.
Training Opportunity
Orientation for New Pretrial Executives
Register Before: June 15, 2017
(Begins August 07, 2017) Extensive training that enhances the effectiveness of pretrial executives in maintaining and capitalizing existing services.
Training Opportunity
Direct Supervision T4T
Register Before: May 19, 2017
(Begins July 31, 2017) This training consists of two recently developed programs by the National Institute of Corrections’ Jails Division: • Making Direct Supervision Work: The Role of the Housing-Unit Officer • Making Direct Supervision Work: The Role of the First-Line Supervisor The programs are designed for agencies planning to move from a traditional jail into a new direct supervision jail. However, they also can be used to train new and veteran staff in direct supervision jails currently operating under the direct supervision philosophy.
Training Opportunity
Jail Public Information Officers’ Network Overview
Register Before: May 15, 2017
(Begins June 07, 2017) Public Information Officers (PIO) play a vital role in local jails. The public’s perception/misperception of jail operations can influence public safety, funding, elections and numerous other factors. Responding to media inquiries regarding crisis situations is just one of the many roles of the PIO. Building a positive rapport with the media, taking control of your message, and conveying your mission are priority tasks for a PIO.
Training Opportunity
Mental Health First Aid
Register Before: May 08, 2017
(Begins June 20, 2017) Mental Health First Aid is an 8-hour, one day course that teaches individuals how to help someone who is developing a mental health problem or experiencing a mental health crisis.
Training Opportunity
Gender Responsive Discipline and Sanctions: Planning for Policy Improvement
Register Before: May 01, 2017
(Begins July 11, 2017) This curriculum is based on content from the Gender Responsive Discipline and Sanctions Policy Guide for Women’s Facilities and will walk participants through a process for developing an implementation plan to make changes in discipline policies and practices. Immediate outcomes from participating in this workshop are anticipated to include the development of discipline policies and practices that better respond to the specific needs of women in state and local correctional facilities. Longer term outcomes may include: reduced inmate violations, positive changes in inmate behavior, safer and more productive correctional environments for staff and inmates, increased stability and successful reintegration of women from prison to the community.
Training Opportunity
Orientation for Parole Board Chairs
Register Before: April 28, 2017
(Begins September 19, 2017) Parole board chairs, whether appointed by their governor, elected by their peers, or rotated into their role from their seat on the parole board, are in an influential position to lead efforts to improve and reform the transition and reentry system, as well as enhance their board’s capacity to use evidence-based principles in effective offender management. Being an effective chair requires clearly defined roles and strategies to ensure that informed decisions are made relative to the release and return of offenders.
Training Opportunity
Orientation for Parole Board Members
Register Before: April 28, 2017
(Begins May 31, 2017) This 40-hour program will help parole board members gain knowledge and skills in the area of informed decision making through evidence-based principles and practices for determining offender risk and motivation for change. It will also help them evaluate the efficacy of release plans. The program emphasizes the critical role of collaboration and partnerships with stakeholders to increase offender success and public safety. The program uses a peer interaction process. Mandatory course components include online sessions, face-to-face training, and independent work.
Training Opportunity
Orientation for Parole Board Members
Register Before: April 28, 2017
(Begins July 25, 2017) This 40-hour program will help parole board members gain knowledge and skills in the area of informed decision making through evidence-based principles and practices for determining offender risk and motivation for change. It will also help them evaluate the efficacy of release plans. The program emphasizes the critical role of collaboration and partnerships with stakeholders to increase offender success and public safety. The program uses a peer interaction process. Mandatory course components include online sessions, face-to-face training, and independent work.
Training Opportunity
Chief Jail Inspector Network
Register Before: April 24, 2017
(Begins July 18, 2017) This two-day program is designed to build the knowledge and skills of new detention facility inspectors in their core duties of inspecting, consultation, and technical assistance.
Full Training Catalog