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Browsing Documents Related to 'Criminal Justice Statistics'

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Date Title Type
2017
Document 032846
Incarceration Rates and Traits of Sexual Minorities in the United States: National Inmate Survey, 2011–2012
By Meyer, Ilan H.; Flores, Andrew R.; Stemple, Lara; Romero, Adam P.; Wilson, Bianca D. M.; Herman, Jody L..
This report examines the "characteristics of sexual minority US inmates … Sexual minorities (those who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual or report a same-sex sexual experience before arrival at the facility) were disproportionately incarcerated: 9.3% of men in prison, 6.2% of men in jail, 42.1% of women in prison, and 35.7% of women in jail were sexual minorities. The incarceration rate of self-identified lesbian, gay, or bisexual persons was 1882 per 100 000, more than 3 times that of ... Read More

7 pages
2017
Document 032832
Environmental Scan 2016
National Institute of Corrections. Information Center (NICIC) (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic, and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 11th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons, and community corrections. Because there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that will po... Read More

53 pages
2016
Document 031552
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2017
By Wagner, Peter; Rabuy, Bernadette. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA) .
"There is a lot of interesting and valuable research out there, but varying definitions make it hard — for both people new to criminal justice and for experienced policy wonks — to get the big picture. This report offers some much needed clarity by piecing together this country’s disparate systems of confinement. The American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 102 federal prisons, 901 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,163 local jails, and 76 Indi... Read More

2016
Document 031540
U.S. Prison Population Trends 1999-2014: Broad Variation Among States in Recent Years
By Ghandnoosh, Nazgol. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Our comparative analysis of U.S. Prison Population Trends 1999-2014 reveals broad variation in nationwide incarceration trends. While 39 states have experienced a decline since reaching their peak prison populations within the past 15 years, in most states this decline has been relatively modest. In addition, 11 states have had continuing rises in imprisonment. These developments suggest that while the recent national decline in the prison population is encouraging, any significant decarcerati... Read More

2 pages
2016
Document 031563
Environmental Scan 2015
National Institute of Corrections. Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic, and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 10th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons, and community corrections. Because there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that will po... Read More

43 pages
2016
Document 032632
By the Numbers: Parole Release and Revocation Across 50 States
By Alper, Mariel E.. University of Minnesota Law School. Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (Minneapolis, MN).
"Parole decision-making functions as a crucial mechanism channeling people in and out of prison. This report combines multiple data sources and, for the first time, provides an overview of the movements between prison and parole for each state, focusing on the decision points of parole release and parole revocation. This information allows for a comprehensive picture of each state, both as a snapshot and longitudinally. For each state, information is presented on prison and parole rates over tim... Read More

214 pages
2016
Document 032635
Wisconsin Department of Corrections Interactive Dashboards
Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections (Madison, WI).
Access is provided to three interactive dashboards from the Division of Adult Institutions (DAI) of the Wisconsin Department of Corrections—Admissions to Prison, Releases from Prison, and Prison Point-in-Time Populations. These are great examples of what your agency could do with the operational data you collect.... Read More

2016
Document 032664
Jail Incarceration Trends
Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
"In 2014, the nationwide jail incarceration rate of 326 per 100,000 county residents exceeded the highest county rates registered in the 1970s, which rarely exceeded 300 per 100,000. Scroll the time slider or click the "Select data"; button to navigate the data"; Interactive charts for U.S. counties or states show the size of jails today; disparate impacts on race; disparate impacts on gender; decades of jail growth; and jail and prison population. There is also a link to the full report fr... Read More

2016
Document 032669
NACo County Explorer: Mapping County Data
By Harper, Donta S.. National Association of Counties (NACo). Futures Lab (Washington, DC).
Hundreds of data indicators can be mapped. These are organized according the topical areas of county administration, county employment, county finance, country structure, demographics, economy, education, energy and environment, federal funding, geography, health and hospitals, housing and community development, justice and public safety, public amenities, public lands, social services, transportation, utility, and water, sewerage, and solid waste management. You can search by city-zip code, co... Read More

2016
Document 032748
The Continuing Leverage of Releasing Authorities: Findings from a National Survey
By Ruhland, Ebony L.; Rhine, Edward E.; Robey, Jason P.; Mitchell, Kelly Lyn. University of Minnesota. Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (Minneapolis, MN).
"With limited exceptions, there is a scarcity in the research literature directly engaging releasing authorities and the breadth of their decision-making. To a significant extent, there continues to exist a “black box” when it comes to the understanding of parole release and revocation … The survey was divided into three sections: Section A: The Structure and Administration of Parole Boards; Section B: Information Systems and Statistical Information; and Section C: Issues and Future Challenges F... Read More

55 pages
2016
Document 032833
How Many Americans Are Unnecessarily Incarcerated?
By Eisen, Lauren-Brooke "L.B."; Austin, James; Cullen, James; Frank, Jonathan; Chettiar, Inimai M.. New York University. School of Law. Brennan Center for Justice (New York, NY).
"Nearly 40 percent of the U.S. prison population — 576,000 people — are behind bars with no compelling public safety reason, according to a new report from the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law. The first-of-its-kind analysis provides a blueprint for how the country can drastically cut its prison population while still keeping crime rates near historic lows." Sections cover: the current prison population; time served in prison today; ending prison for lower-level crimes; reducing t... Read More

80 pages
2016
Document 031478
Survey of Sexual Violence in Juvenile Correctional Facilities, 2007–2012 - Statistical Tables
By Rantala, Ramona R.; Beck, Allen J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"This report presents "jurisdiction- and facility-level counts of allegations and substantiated incidents of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contact, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by juvenile correctional authorities from 2007 to 2012. Facilities include state juvenile systems, juvenile facilities in Indian country, and sampled locally and privately operated juvenile correctional facilities. These tables accompany Sexual Victimization Reported by Juvenil... Read More

71 pages
2016
Document 031477
Sexual Victimization Reported By Juvenile Correctional Authorities, 2007–12
By Beck, Allen J.; Rantala, Romana R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "presents national estimates of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by correctional authorities in state juvenile correctional systems and local and private juvenile correctional facilities from 2007 to 2012. The report also examines substantiated incidents, including characteristics of victims and perpetrators, location, time of day, nature of injuries, impact on the victims, and sanctions imposed on the p... Read More

27 pages
2016
Document 031477
Sexual Victimization Reported By Juvenile Correctional Authorities, 2007–12
By Beck, Allen J.; Rantala, Romana R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "presents national estimates of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by correctional authorities in state juvenile correctional systems and local and private juvenile correctional facilities from 2007 to 2012. The report also examines substantiated incidents, including characteristics of victims and perpetrators, location, time of day, nature of injuries, impact on the victims, and sanctions imposed on the p... Read More

27 pages
2015
Document 031505
World Prison Population List|Eleventh Edition
By Walmsley, Roy. International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPS) (London, England).
"This eleventh edition of the World Prison Population List gives details of the number of prisoners held in 223 prison systems in independent countries and dependent territories. It shows the differences in the levels of imprisonment across the world and makes possible an estimate of the world prison population total. The figures include both pre-trial detainees/remand prisoners and those who have been convicted and sentenced. The information is the latest available at the end of October 2015" (... Read More

15 pages
2015
Document 029659
Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT) - Parole
By Bonczar, Thomas P.; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine data collected by the Annual Parole Survey on persons sentenced as adults. It includes parolees who were conditionally released to parole supervision by parole board decision, by mandatory conditional release, through other types of post-custody conditional supervision, or as the result of a sentence to a term of supervised release. You can create Custom Tables of the number, characteristics and supervision rates of adults on parole at yearend. T... Read More
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2015
Document 029658
Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT)—Probation
By Bonczar, Thomas P.; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine data collected by the Annual Probation Survey on adult probationers. It includes all adults, regardless of conviction status, who have been placed under the supervision of a probation agency as part of a court order. (Adults are persons subject to the jurisdiction of an adult court or correctional agency.) You can create Custom Tables of the number on adults on probation at yearend. This tool also allows you to create custom tables of probation e... Read More
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2015
Document 029683
Federal Justice Statistics, 2011 - Statistical Tables
By Motivans, Mark. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC) .
This report provides "annual data on workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. Information is acquired on all aspects of processing in the federal justice system, including the number of persons investigated, prosecuted, convicted, incarcerated, sentenced to probation, released pretrial, and under parole or other supervision; initial prosecution decisions, referrals to magistrates, court dispositions, sentencing outcomes, sentence length, and time served. The pro... Read More
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57 pages
2015
Document 029684
Federal Justice Statistics, 2012 - Statistical Tables
By Motivans, Mark. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC) .
This report describes "the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes associated with the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). Tables and text describe arrests and investigations by law enforcement agency and growth rates by type of offense and federal judi... Read More
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57 pages
2015
Document 029685
Federal Justice Statistics, 2011 - 2012
By Motivans, Mark. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC) .
This report describes "the annual activity, workloads, and outcomes associated with the federal criminal justice system from arrest to imprisonment, using data from the U.S. Marshals Service (USMS), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC), and Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). Tables and text describe arrests and investigations by law enforcement agency and growth rates by type of offense and federal judi... Read More
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33 pages
2015
Document 029736
Medical Problems Of State And Federal Prisoners And Jail Inmates, 2011-12
By Berzofsky, Marcus; Maruschak, Laura M.; Unangst, Jennifer. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[p]resents the prevalence of medical problems among state and federal prisoners and jail inmates, highlighting differences in rates of chronic conditions and infectious diseases by demographic characteristic. The report describes health care services and treatment received by prisoners and jail inmates with health problems, including doctor's visits, use of prescription medication, and other types of treatment. It also explains reasons why inmates with health problems were not recei... Read More
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23 pages
2015
Document 029900
U.S. Prison Population Trends: Broad Variation Among States in Recent Years
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"This fact sheet reveals broad variation in nationwide incarceration trends up through 2013. While the number of people in prison in the United States has stabilized in recent years, incarceration trends among the states have varied significantly. Two-thirds of states (34) have experienced at least a modest decline since 1999, while one-third (16) have had continued rises in their prison populations. Nine states have produced double-digit declines during this period, led by New Jersey (29% since... Read More

2 pages
2015
Document 029983
Jail Inmates At Midyear 2014
By Minton, Todd D.; Zeng, Zhen. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2014 by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. This report provides estimates of year-to-year changes from midyear 2000 to midyear 2014 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on changes in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate between 2013 and 201... Read More

18 pages
2015
Document 030019
PREA Data Collection Activities, 2015
By Beck, Allen. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"The report summarizes BJS's efforts during 2014 and the first 5 months of 2015, which included analyzing administrative records of sexual victimization in adult correctional facilities based on the Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV), implementing changes to the SSV and completing data collection, and, for the first time, providing estimates of the rates of sexual victimization among transgender inmates" … Some of the highlights from this profile include: administrators of adult correctional facili... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 030127
Mortality In Local Jails And State Prisons, 2000–2013 - Statistical Tables
By Ginder, Scott; Noonan, Margaret; Rohloff, Harley. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC); RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC).
"Presents national and state-level data on the number of inmate deaths that occurred in local jails and state prisons, the distribution of deaths across jails, and the aggregate count of deaths in federal prisons. The report presents annual counts and 14-year trends between 2000 and 2013 in deaths in custody. It provides mortality rates per 100,000 inmates in custody in jail or prison; details the causes of death, including deaths attributed to homicide, suicide, illness, intoxication, and accid... Read More

41 pages
2015
Document 030139
Corrections Key Statistics
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"Key Statistics provides easy access to trend data from BJS's [Bureau of Justice Statistic's] data collections. Each Key Statistic includes a description, table, and graph, along with links to related information, including publications that include the statistics, data collections, and any available data analysis tools." Key Statistics are provided for the total U.S. correctional population, prisoners, jail inmates, probationers, parolees, rate of correctional supervision, incarceration rate, c... Read More

2015
Document 031242
World Female Imprisonment List|Third Edition
By Walmsley, Roy. International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPR) (London, England).
"This third edition of the World Female Imprisonment List shows the number of women and girls held in penal institutions in 219 prison systems in independent countries and dependent territories. The figures include both pre-trial detainees/remand prisoners and those who have been convicted and sentenced. The List also shows the percentage of women and girls within each national prison population and the proportion of the national population that are imprisoned females (the female prison populati... Read More

13 pages
2015
Document 030149
Juvenile Justice Geography, Policy Practice and Statistics (JJGPS)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
Thus is an excellent resource for individuals working with or concerned about justice-involved juveniles. "JJGPS tracks juvenile justice system reform. Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy Practice & Statistics) is an online repository providing visitors with a sweeping view of the juvenile justice landscape across states and a place to make comparisons and chart change." Six main areas make up this website: jurisdictional boundaries—age boundaries, transfer laws, comparing policy boundaries,... Read More

2015
Document 031262
Jails in Indian Country, 2014
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This Bulletin presents "findings from the 2014 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2014 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and expected averag... Read More

21 pages
2015
Document 031261
Use of Restrictive Housing in U.S. Prisons and Jails, 2011-12
By Beck, Allen J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This Special Report presents "data on the use of restrictive housing in U.S. prisons and jails, based on inmate self-reports of time spent in disciplinary or administrative segregation or solitary confinement. The report provides the percentage of prison and jail inmates who were currently held in restrictive housing, those who had spent any time in restrictive housing in the last 12 months or since coming to the facility if shorter, and the total time spent in restrictive housing. It provides p... Read More

24 pages
2015
Document 031264
Drug Offenders in Federal Prisons: Estimates of Characteristics Based on Linked Data
By Taxy, Sam; Samuels, Julie; Adams, William. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJS) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (New York, NY).
This Special Report presents "a description of drug offenders in federal prison, including criminal history, demographics, gun involvement in the offense, and sentence imposed. The report examines each characteristics by type of drug involved in the offense. It also examines demographic information for the entire federally sentenced population and discusses alternative methods for defining drug offenders. Data are from a linked file created with data from the Federal Bureau of Prisons and United... Read More

10 pages
2015
Document 030151
Tribal Crime Data Collection Activities, 2015
By Perry, Steven W.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report describes "Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) activities to collect and improve data on crime and justice in Indian country, as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act, 2010. The report summarizes BJS’s efforts in 2015 to field a survey on the capabilities and caseloads of tribal court systems; develop a survey of all state and local law enforcement agencies and prosecutors’ offices serving Indian country; study the handling of American Indian and Alaska Native juvenile and adult cr... Read More

17 pages
2015
Document 031322
States of Women's Incarceration: The Global Context
By Kajstura, Aleks; Immarigeon, Russ. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
If you want an easy to understand and concise source of information about female incarceration within the U.S. and the throughout the world, then this report is for you. It is a must read for correctional professionals, policymakers, advocates, and community members. "We already know that when it comes to incarceration … the United States incarcerates 716 people for every 100,000 residents, more than any other country. Worldwide, and within the U.S., the vast majority of those incarcerated are m... Read More

2015
Document 031344
Probation And Parole In The United States, 2014
By Bonczar, Thomas P.; Kaeble, Danielle; Maruschak, Laura. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2014. The report presents trends over time for the overall community supervision population and describes changes in the probation and parole populations. It provides statistics on the number of offenders entering and exiting probation and parole and the mean time served as well as national-level data on the distribution of offenders on probation or parole by sex, race or Hispanic origin, mo... Read More

21 pages
2015
Document 030128
Why do rates of sexual assault prevalence vary from report to report?
By Pelletier, Elizabeth; Zweig, Janain M.. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"All crime data have flaws, but sexual assault data are notoriously inaccurate. Why are these data so problematic? And what are the consequences for how we address sexual violence in the United States? Data on rape and sexual assault suffer from inconsistent estimates and underreporting, leading to misunderstandings about the extent of the problem and adequate policy solutions. Let’s look at two major sources of information on the topic: survey-based studies that estimate prevalence of sexual as... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 031383
Veterans In Prison And Jail, 2011–2012
By Berzofsky, Marcus; Bronson, Jennifer; Carson, E. Ann; Noonan, Margaret. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJA) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "counts and rates of veterans in state and federal prison and local jail in 2011 and 2012. This report describes incarcerated veterans by demographic characteristics, military characteristics, and disability and mental health status. It describes current offense, sentencing, and criminal history characteristics by veteran status. It also examines combat experience associated with lifetime mental health disorders among incarcerated veterans … Highlights: The number of veteran... Read More

22 pages
2015
Document 031388
Census Of Jails: Population Changes, 1999–2013
By Minton, Todd D.; Ginder, Scott; Brumbaugh, Susan M.; Smiley-McDonald, Hope; Rohloff, Harley. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJA) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "state-level estimates of the number of inmates confined in local jails at year end 2013, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin. This report provides information on changes in the incarceration rate, average daily population, admissions, expected length of stay, rated capacity, percent of capacity occupied, and inmate-to-correctional officer ratios. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on the number of inmates confined to jail and persons admitted to jail during 20... Read More

22 pages
2015
Document 031389
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2015
By Wagner, Peter; Rabuy, Bernadette. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
This report is an incredible resource for individuals needing or wanting a concise and easy to understand resource about the number of people incarcerated in the United States, the type of correctional facility they are held in, and for what crime. It answers the questions of whether the United States has "1.4 million or more than 2 million people in prison? And do the 636,000 people released every year include the people getting out of local jails? Frustrating questions like these abound becaus... Read More

7 pages
2015
Document 031309
Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
"Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (EZACJRP) was developed to facilitate independent analysis of national data on the characteristics of youth held in residential placement facilities, including detailed information about the youth's age, sex, race/ethnicity, placement status, length of stay, and most serious offense." Crosstabs provide access to national statistics, U.S. and state profiles, state comparisons, methods, glossary, and about EZACJRP.... Read More

2015
Document 031397
Disabilities Among Prison And Jail Inmates, 2011–12
By Merzofsky, Marcus; Bronson, Jennifer; Maruschak, Laura. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents statistics regarding "the prevalence of disabilities among prison and jail inmates, detailing the prevalence of six specific disability types: hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care, and independent living. Important differences in each type of disability are highlighted by demographic characteristics. The report also assesses the prevalence of disabilities with other health problems, such as a current chronic condition, obesity, ever having an infectious disease,... Read More

13 pages
2015
Document 031398
Fact Sheet: Incarcerated Women and Girls
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Over the past quarter century, there has been a profound change in the involvement of women within the criminal justice system. This is the result of more expansive law enforcement efforts, stiffer drug sentencing laws, and post-conviction barriers to reentry that uniquely affect women. Women now comprise a larger proportion of the prison population than ever before; the female prison population stands nearly eight times higher than its population count in 1980. More than 60% of women in state ... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 031407
In Our Own Backyard: Confronting Growth and Disparities in American Jails
By Subramanian, Ram; Henrichson, Christian; Kang-Brown, Jacob. Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
"Although jails are the “front door” to mass incarceration, there is not enough data for justice system stakeholders and others to understand how their jail is being used and how it compares with others. To address this issue, Vera researchers developed a data tool that includes the jail population and jail incarceration rate for every U.S. county that uses a local jail … The data revealed that, since 1970, the number of people held in jail has increased from 157,000 to 690,000 in 2014—a more th... Read More

32 pages
2015
Document 031444
The Prison Population Forecaster//State Prison Population: Reducing Mass Incarceration Requires Far-Reaching Reforms
By King, Ryan; Peterson, Bryce; Elderbroom, Brian; Pelletier, Elizabeth. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"Roughly 2.2 million people are locked up in prison or jail; 7 million are under correctional control, which includes parole and probation; and more than $80 billion is spent on corrections every year. Research has shown that policy changes over the past four decades have put more people in prison and kept them there longer, leading to exponential growth in the prison population even while crime has dropped to historic lows. But despite widespread agreement that mass incarceration is a serious p... Read More

2015
Document 031445
The Prison Population Forecaster // Federal Prison Population: How to reduce the federal prison population
By King, Ryan; Peterson, Bryce; Elderbroom, Brian; Taxy, Samuel A.. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"The federal prison system is by far the nation’s single largest jailer, with a total of 205,795 inmates at the beginning of October 2015. That’s roughly 50,000 more people in custody than in the second-largest prison jurisdiction, Texas. Though the states collectively incarcerate the majority of people in prison in the United States—nearly 1.4 million as of 2014—any conversation about mass incarceration must consider the federal prison population. The growth, size, and cost of the federal syste... Read More

2015
Document 031400
Declines in Youth Communities and Facilities in the 21st Century
By Rovner, Joshua. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"A major reduction has taken place in the number of teenagers committed to juvenile facilities in this century. At a time of increasing calls to cut the number of incarcerated adults by 50 percent over 10 years, the juvenile justice system has already attained this goal. Moreover, the decline has taken place without harming public safety" (p. 1). Information provided in this report includes: "Figure 1. Juvenile Facilities and Placements, 1997-2013"; "Table 1. Juvenile Commitment Changes by State... Read More

7 pages
2014
Document 028471
ADAM II 2013 Annual Report
Abt Associaties, Inc. (Cambridge, MA); U.S. Executive Office of the President. Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) (Washington, DC).
The prevalence of drug use in the male arrestee population is determined by the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program II (ADAM II). The major drugs monitored are marijuana, crack and powder cocaine, heroin and other opiates, and methamphetamine. Four sections follow an executive summary: ADAM II overview; the ADAM II sample; drug use and drug market activity among arrestees; and summary and conclusions. The most commonly detected drug was marijuana followed by cocaine metabolites.... Read More
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156 pages
2014
Document 029624
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013
By Glaze, Lauren E.; Kaeble, Danielle. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "statistics on offenders supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2013, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in prison or local jail. The report provides the size and change in the total correctional population during 2013. It details the slowing rate of decline in the population since 2010 and the downward trend in the correctional supervision rate since 2007. It also examines the impac... Read More
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14 pages
2014
Document 029716
Environmental Scan 2014
National Institute of Corrections. Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 9th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Because there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potentiall... Read More
PDF
38 pages
2014
Document 029824
World Prison Population List|Tenth edition
By Walmsley, Roy. International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPS) (London, England).
"This tenth edition of the World Prison Population List gives details of the number of prisoners held in 222 independent countries and dependent territories. It shows the differences in the level of imprisonment across the world and makes possible an estimate of the world prison population total. The information is the latest available at the beginning of October" (p. 1). There are more than 10.2 million people incarcerated throughout the world. The U.S. has the highest prison population rate in... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2014
Document 028319
Jails in Indian Country, 2013
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "findings from the 2013 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2013 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and expected average ... Read More
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19 pages
2014
Document 028351
Tracking State Prison Growth in 50 States
By Wagner, Peter. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
If you are looking for an excellent primer on the use of incarceration in the United States, you need to read this. "Over the last three decades of the 20th century, the United States engaged in an unprecedented prison-building boom that has given our nation the highest incarceration rate in the world. Among people with experience in criminal justice policy matters, the “hockey stick curve” of the national incarceration rate is well known; but until now more detailed data on the incarceration ra... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028233
Breaking Down Mass Incarceration in the 2010 Census: State-by-State Incarceration Rates by Race/Ethnicity
By Sakala, Leah. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Washington, DC).
"Social science research has time and again come to the robust conclusion that exposure to the criminal justice system has profound and intergenerational negative effects on communities that experience disproportionate incarceration rates. It is imperative that we are able to measure the extent to which the criminal justice system disparately impacts our communities." You can find this information easily by referring to this briefing. It does an excellent job in synthesizing the information that... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028358
SAC Publication Digest
Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA). State Statistical Centers (SAC) (Washington, DC).
"The SAC Publication Digest is a comprehensive collection of abstracts of state Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) reports, including reports produced for the SACs by outside authors or organizations … The Digest briefly describes the research, data collection, evaluation, and analysis projects and programs of each SAC, and covers a wide array of justice topics and analysis approaches not available from any other source. The Digest is a resource for anyone concerned with understanding the current... Read More
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2014
Document 028168
Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010
By Durose, Matthew R.; Cooper, Alexia D.; Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[e]xamines the 5-year post-release offending patterns of persons released from state prisons in 2005 by offender characteristics, prior criminal history, and commitment offense. It provides estimates on the number and types of crimes former inmates commit both prior to their imprisonment and after release. The report includes different measures of recidivism, including a new arrest, court adjudication, conviction, and incarceration for either a new sentence or a technical violation.... Read More
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31 pages
2014
Document 027858
Sexual Victimization Reported By Adult Correctional Authorities, 2009–11
By Beck, Allen J.; Rantala, Ramona R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “counts of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported to correctional authorities in adult prisons, jails, and other adult correctional facilities in 2009, 2010, and 2011. An in-depth examination of substantiated incidents is also presented, covering the number and characteristics of victims and perpetrators, location, time of day, nature of the injuries, impact on the victims, and sanctions imposed on th... Read More
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60 pages
2014
Document 027874
Environmental Scan 2013
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 8th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potentially will ... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2014
Document 028025
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie
By Wagner, Peter; Sakala, Leah. Prison Policy Initiative (Northampton MA).
This is by far the best illustration of how many people are locked up and for what offenses according to correctional type. “There is a lot of interesting and valuable research out there, but definitional issues and incompatibilities make it hard to get the big picture for both people new to criminal justice and for experienced policy [experts]. On the other hand, piecing together the available information offers some clarity. This briefing presents the first graphic we’re aware of that aggregat... Read More
WEB
3 pages
2014
Document 028165
Jail Inmates at Midyear 2013 – Statistical Tables
By Minton, Todd D.; Golinelli, Daniela. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2013, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. It also provides estimates of year-to-year changes between midyear 2000 and midyear 2013 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. More detailed breakouts by jurisdiction size track changes between 2012 and 2013 in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate.... Read More
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16 pages
2014
Document 028164
PREA Data Collection Activities, 2014
By Beck, Allen J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"During 2013 and the first 4 months of 2014, BJS issued four reports: In May 2013, BJS published estimates of sexual victimization based on reports by inmates in adult prisons and jails; in June 2013, BJS published estimates of sexual victimization based on reports of youth held in juvenile facilities; and in January 2014, BJS issued two reports analyzing administrative records of sexual victimization in adult correctional facilities based on the Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV). In addition, BJS... Read More
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5 pages
2014
Document 028164
PREA Data Collection Activities, 2014
By Beck, Allen J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"During 2013 and the first 4 months of 2014, BJS issued four reports: In May 2013, BJS published estimates of sexual victimization based on reports by inmates in adult prisons and jails; in June 2013, BJS published estimates of sexual victimization based on reports of youth held in juvenile facilities; and in January 2014, BJS issued two reports analyzing administrative records of sexual victimization in adult correctional facilities based on the Survey of Sexual Violence (SSV). In addition, BJS... Read More
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5 pages
2014
Document 028229
States of Incarceration: The Global Context: World Incarceration Rates If Every U.S. State Were A Country
By Wagner, Peter; Sakala, Leah; Begley, Josh. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
This is required reading for those people striving to reform the correctional system in the United States, criminology students, or anyone concerned with issues related to confinement. The focal point of this website is an excellent graphic illustrating how the incarceration rates for each individual U.S. state compare to those rates belonging to a wide range of nations (having total populations of at least 500,000 individuals). It definitively shows that the use of incarceration by individual ... Read More
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2014
Document 028232
Tracking State Prisons Growth in 50 States
By Wagner, Peter. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Washington, DC).
"Over the last three decades of the 20th century, the United States engaged in an unprecedented prison-building boom that has given our nation the highest incarceration rate in the world. Among people with experience in criminal justice policy matters, the “hockey stick curve” of the national incarceration rate is well known; but until now more detailed data on the incarceration rates for individual states has been harder to come by." You can find this information in this briefing. It will give ... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028231
HEARD - Helping Educate to Advance the Rights of the Deaf
HEARD (Washington, DC).
HEARD strives to protect the legal rights of people who are deaf. "HEARD has volunteers nationwide who conduct deaf prisoner/defendant research, assist deaf prisoners with access issues, investigate possible wrongful conviction cases, and educate the Deaf community about the law and current legal issues, among other things. HEARD empowers the Deaf and legal communities by providing education about individual rights, and Deaf culture and communication, respectively. HEARD created and maintains t... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028014
Unbalanced Juvenile Justice
The W. Haywood Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice Fairness & Equity (BI) (Oakland, CA).
This is by far the best website for investigating who are the youth that are incarcerated in the United States and what their offenses are. The statistics are especially useful for illustrating the disparity in juvenile ethnic/racial groups. “The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent juvenile justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately. We know that our current juvenile justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than ... Read More
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2013
Document 028043
States Cut Both Crime and Imprisonment
Pew Charitable Trusts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
This infographic is an excellent visual representation of the relationship between crime and incarceration. “Over the past five years, the majority of states reduced both crime and imprisonment rates. The relationship between crime and incarceration is complex, but states are showing that it is possible to reduce them at the same time.” At the same time the numbers show little impact of declining prison populations on crime rates.... Read More
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1 page
2013
Document 027756
World Prison Brief
International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPS) (London, England).
The World Prison Brief (WPB) is the place to go if you need “a data-base which provides information about prison systems throughout the world. It thus enables more evidence-based discussion of ways to improve prison systems in accordance with international human rights standards. In each country page information is provided on prison populations and prison population rates per 100,000 of the national population, on the use of imprisonment for women and juveniles, on the extent of pre-trial impri... Read More
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2013
Document 027925
Building Partnerships Between Rape Crisis Centers and Correctional Facilities To Implement the PREA Victim Services Standards
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC).
“This is a summary report from a March 2013 forum sponsored by the Office for Victims of Crime and Office on Violence Against Women that was held with the intent of further defining partnerships, implementation issues, and determining what guidance would be useful. This report summarizes key issues and suggestions raised during the forum.” Sections of this document includes: framing the issues and challenges; potential promising practices; funding resources; Forum White Paper—“Rape Crisis Center... Read More
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41 pages
2013
Document 027790
NCVS Victimization Analysis Tool (NVAT)
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
“This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) data on both violent and property victimization by select victim, household, and incident characteristics. The NCVS is the nation's primary source of information on criminal victimization. It is an annual data collection conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The NCVS collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons... Read More
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2013
Document 027859
Survey of Sexual Violence in Adult Correctional Facilities, 2009–11 - Statistical Tables
By Beck, Allen J.; Rantala, Ramona R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
These statistical tables present “jurisdiction- and facility-level counts of allegations and substantiated incidents of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by correctional authorities in adult prisons, jails, and other correctional facilities in 2009, 2010, and 2011. Facilities include the Federal Bureau of Prisons, state prison systems, facilities operated by the U.S. military and Immigration and Customs Enforcement, ... Read More
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32 pages
2013
Document 026993
Environmental Scan 2012
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 7th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potent... Read More
PDF
38 pages
2013
Document 027352
Statistical Briefing Book
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Center for Juvenile Justice (Pittsburgh, PA).
"The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) enables users to access online information via OJJDP's Web site to learn more about juvenile crime and victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Developed for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, SBB provides timely and reliable statistical answers to the most frequently asked questions from policymakers, the media, and the general public. In addition, the data analysis and dissemination tools available through... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027363
“Cuff Key to Door Key: A Systems Approach to Reentry": NIC’s Inaugural Virtual Conference
By Iszler, Bernie.
If you or your agency wants or needs information about improving or creating and implementing a new reentry program, then attending this virtual conference is a must. “On June 12, 2013, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) will launch its first-ever virtual conference, “Cuff Key to Door Key: A Systems Approach to Reentry.” Topics covered during the conference will include mental health, sentencing, a review of successful reentry programs, Thinking for a Change (T4C), and a look at the cha... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027382
PREA Data Collection Activities, 2013
By Beck, Allen J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
Activities of the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) related to prison rape during the 2012 calendar year are documented.... Read More
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5 pages
2013
Document 027405
Guidance to States: Recommendations for Developing Family Drug Court Guidelines
By Young, Nancy K.; Breitenbucher, Phil; Pfeifer, Jane E.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Children and Family Futures (Irvine, CA); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
This publication “provides guidance for implementing an FDC [Family Drug Court], including the development of FDC partnerships and a common vocabulary for describing FDC components, with a focus on improving services to families who are involved with the child welfare system and are affected by substance use disorders. The authors hope that this document will help jurisdictions select and improve practices and, ultimately, outcomes for children and families” (p. 2). The recommendations made are:... Read More
PDF
108 pages
2013
Document 027416
Justice and Health Connect
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“Justice and Health Connect aims to increase the ability of government agencies and community organizations to share information across health and justice systems.” Points of access include: background—what information sharing is, the reason for sharing information, how it will benefit your agency, and information sharing myths; a toolkit explaining how to create and implement an efficient and successful interagency collaboration that shares information—four modules covering defining your object... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027454
Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT)—Prisoners
By Carson, E. Ann; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) on inmates under the jurisdiction of both federal and state correctional authorities … The pre-set Quick Tables show you trends in prisoner statistics and provide links to key tables in the most recent BJS publication on the U.S. prisoner population. If you would like more detail, use the Custom Tables to analyze yearend populations, admissions, or releases. You can create custom tables of yearend populations by... Read More
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2013
Document 027453
PREA Essentials
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“The PREA Resource Center (PRC) designed this PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act] Essentials Page to guide professionals in their implementation of specific standards; therefore, this page is organized by standards categories … Each category contains: (1) a brief synopsis summarizing the standards in that category, (2) links to an online version of those standards, (3) links to helpful resources related to those standards sorted by correctional facility type, and (4) where relevant, a discussion ... Read More
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26 pages
2013
Document 027455
Prisoners in 2012—Advance Counts
By Carson, E. Ann; Golinelli, Daniela. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“Presents advance counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program. This advance report provides a timely estimate of the 2012 yearend prison populations and compares changes in the prison population during 2012 to changes from yearend 2002 through yearend 2011. The report describes the third consecutive year of decline in the state prison population and growth in the federal priso... Read More
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17 pages
2013
Document 027455
Prisoners in 2012—Advance Counts
By Carson, E. Ann; Golinelli, Daniela. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“Presents advance counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2012, collected in the National Prisoner Statistics Program. This advance report provides a timely estimate of the 2012 yearend prison populations and compares changes in the prison population during 2012 to changes from yearend 2002 through yearend 2011. The report describes the third consecutive year of decline in the state prison population and growth in the federal priso... Read More
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17 pages
2013
Document 027514
Recommendations for Administrators of Prisons, Jails, and Community Confinement Facilities for Adapting the U.S. Department of Justice’s “A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations, Adults/Adolescents”
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Violence Against Women (OVW) (Washington, DC).
“This guide is designed to assist administrators of prisons, jails, and community confinement facilities in drafting or revising protocols for an immediate response to reports of sexual assault. Sexual assault is a persistent problem in correctional environments with life-altering consequences for victims as well as for the integrity of correctional institutions and the fundamental principles of justice. The U.S. Department of Justice’s “National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Pris... Read More
PDF
66 pages
2013
Document 027538
International Growth Trends in Prison Privatization
By Mason, Cody. Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
While “privatization has enjoyed a steady reemergence in the United States, the companies managing these facilities have faced persistent criticism for providing low-quality services, failing to save taxpayer money, and negatively affecting criminal justice policy. Despite these failures, several countries have followed the United States in utilizing private prisons and detention centers with the intent of decreasing correctional expenditures and reducing prison overcrowding. These developments ... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2013
Document 027437
Arrest Data Analysis Tool
By Snyder, Howard N.; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“This dynamic data analysis tool allows you to generate tables and graphs of arrests from 1980 onward. You can view national arrest estimates, customized either by age and sex or by age group and race, for many different offenses. This tool also enables you to view local arrests. Select “National Estimates” or “Agency-Level Counts” from the menu above. Use the “Annual Tables” to view tables of arrests broken down by sex, race, age, or juvenile and adult age groups. Select “Trend Tables by Sex” o... Read More
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2013
Document 027689
Trends in U.S. Corrections
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This is a great set of charts showing various correctional trends. Charts show: U.S. state and federal prisons population, 1925-2012; international rates of incarceration, 2011; federal and state prison population by offense, 2011; state expenditures on corrections, 1985-2010; population under control of the U.S. corrections system, 1980 and 2010; number of people in prisons and jails for drug offenses, 1980 and 2011; number of people in federal prisons for drug offenses, 1980-2010; number of wo... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027689
Trends in U.S. Corrections
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This is a great set of charts showing various correctional trends. Charts show: U.S. state and federal prisons population, 1925-2012; international rates of incarceration, 2011; federal and state prison population by offense, 2011; state expenditures on corrections, 1985-2010; population under control of the U.S. corrections system, 1980 and 2010; number of people in prisons and jails for drug offenses, 1980 and 2011; number of people in federal prisons for drug offenses, 1980-2010; number of wo... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027302
Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011–12
By Beck, Allen J.; Berzofsky, Marcus; Caspar, Rachel; Krebs, Christopher. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This report presents statistics regarding the sexual victimization of prison and jail inmates by other inmates or staff. Sections of this publication cover: highlights; National Inmate Survey; incidents of sexual victimizations; facility-level rates; demographic and other characteristics; special inmate populations—inmates ages 16 to 17; special inmate populations—inmates with mental health problems; and special inmate populations—inmates with a non-heterosexual sexual orientation. Some of the k... Read More
PDF
108 pages
2013
Document 027516
Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012. Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigrat... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2012
Document 025832
Statistics on Women Offenders
By Sipes, Leonard A., Jr.. corrections.com (Quincy, MA).
Statistics related to female offenders are provided and organized according to: state and federal prisoners; prison, jail, and community supervision; previous years; HIV; mental health; physical or sexual abuse; physical or sexual violence; women offenders and children; drug use; family violence; and returning home (reentry).... Read More
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2 pages
2011
Document 025430
Florida Mortality Study: Florida Law Enforcement and Corrections Officers compared to Florida General Population
Florida State Lodge (Tallahassee, FL).
This study was conducted to determine if there is a difference in lifespan between law enforcement and correctional officers and the general public. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; research parameters; Florida general population; Florida Division of Retirement (FRS) Special Risk Class (Law Enforcement and Corrections); population comparison; and conclusion. On average, law enforcement and correctional officers died 12 years earlier than the general population. In o... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2010
Document 024727
Environmental Scan 2010
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 5th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2009
Document 023802
Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research: For Law Enforcement, Prosecutors and Judges
By Klein, Andrew R.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
This report covers research related to domestic violence. Eight sections make up this document: overview; reporting and arrests; perpetrator characteristics; victim characteristics; law enforcement responses; prosecution responses; judicial responses; and intervention programs.... Read More
PDF
96 p.
2007
Document 021826
How to Collect and Analyze Data: A Manual for Sheriffs and Jail Administrators
By Elias, Gail. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Voorhis Associates (Lafayette, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Anyone who needs to gather and analyze data concerning various jail-related issues will find this manual useful. This document provides guidance on how information can fuel policy decision making. Chapters comprising this guide are: introduction; good management requires good information; information that should be collected; preparing for the data collection; how to locate and capture information; how to put it all together; how to analyze information; how to interpret information; sharing info... Read More
PDF
220 p.
2005
Document 020263
Correctional Statistics...In Your State
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
(Updated in 2008) Access to statistics about corrections in the U.S., according to each state, can be found at this website. Statistics (per 100,000) for each state include: crime rates; corrections population; incarceration rate; community corrections--probationers and parolees; cost per inmate; and general information about the state's jails, prisons, and community corrections. Also provided are at-a-glance graphs that compare the state's ranking against other states and the U.S. total.... Read More
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1 p.
2001
Document 017126
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2001
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Two main topics are addressed in these proceedings -- jail statistics from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and employee-related issues. Contents include: meeting highlights; opening session -- defining the issues of importance to Large Jail Network members; understanding and using the data and resources of the BJS; personal relations among employees; staff sexual misconduct with inmates; announcements by meeting participants; employees with mental health problems; utilizing staff effectiv... Read More
PDF
59 p.
1997
Document 013467
The Connecticut Office of Adult Probation Vision
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Connecticut Judicial Branch. Office of Adult Probation (Rocky Hill, CT).
This statement of the Connecticut Office of Adult Probation's vision contains brief outlines of its mission and outcome goals for clients, criminal justice agencies, staff, victims, and the community. Also included from this results driven agency are the "1996 Annual Statistical Report Statewide" and an edition of the Strategic Planning News entitled, "Strategic Planning Outcome Measures and Data Elements Updated for the Office of Adult Probation."... Read More
PDF
40 p.
1996
Document 013216
Managing Staff: Corrections' Most Valuable Resource
By Camp, George M.; Camp, Camille G.; Fair, Michael V.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Association of State Correctional Administrators (South Salem, NY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document presents a comprehensive review of staff retention strategies and an assessment of management strategies that have proven successful. It also details research on retention in four departments of correction and suggests improvements in tracking vital statistics on retention. ... Read More
PDF
121 p.
1995
Document 012475
Prison Suicide: An Overview and Guide to Prevention
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This monograph presents a review of the literature and of national and state standards for prison suicide prevention, as well as national data on the incidence and rate of prison suicide, effective prevention programs, and discussion of liability issues. Topics also discussed include staff training, intake screening/assessment, housing, levels of supervision, intervention and administrative review. The document also examines the role of the courts in shaping prison suicide policy. ... Read More
PDF
108 p.
1990
Document 010047
State Corrections Agencies' Substance Abuse Treatment Programs: Results of an NIC Information Center Survey
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
As a follow-up to a national survey of state correctional agencies' substance abuse treatment programs, this paper summarizes methods for identifying inmates with treatment needs, the proportion of these inmates who are receiving treatment, the use of objective screening instruments by state agencies, and the use of inmate profile data in assigning treatment. A summary of types of substance abuse treatment programs includes those designed as therapeutic communities and programs that target speci... Read More
PDF
9 p.
1987
Document 006992
Correctional Education: A State of the Art Analysis
By Ryan, T.A.; Woodard, Joseph Clifton. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"This state of the art survey of adult correctional education was undertaken for the purposes of: (1) describing the extent and nature of correctional education programs for adult offenders, the extent of participation by adult offenders in educational programs, the nature of educational and vocational counseling and testing, and the administrative structures, budgets, and teaching personnel; and (2) comparing adult correctional education in 1983 with adult correctional education in 1973 and 197... Read More
PDF
60 p.
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