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Browsing Documents Related to 'Female Offenders'

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Date Title Type
2016
Document 032724
Communications Toolkit: Resources for Outreach and Educating Others on Justice Involved Women and Gender Responsive Approaches
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Justice-Involved Women (NRCJIW) (Washington, DC).
Women involved in the criminal justice system have challenging and complex needs that are different than men’s. Generally, correctional approaches for women have largely been informed by policies and practices with men, in absence of consideration of gender differences. However, there is a growing body of research and best practices that inform practitioners on how they can better meet the risk factors and needs of women in the system, lower rates of recidivism and improve public safety. The ... Read More

2015
Document 029746
Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced and Underprotected
By Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams; Ocen, Priscilla; Nanda, Jyoti. Schott Foundation for Public Education (Cambridge, MA). African American Policy Forum (AAPF) (New York, NY); Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies (CISPS) (New York, NY).
This is by far the best resource for information regarding the plight of Black girls in the juvenile justice system. "For girls, as with boys, the failure to receive a high school diploma often places individuals on a pathway to low-wage work, unemployment, and incarceration. The imposition of harsh disciplinary policies in public schools is a well-known risk factor for stunted educational opportunities for Black and Latino boys. Such punishments also negatively affect their female counterpart... Read More
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57 pages
2015
Document 029775
Understanding Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations
By Keller, Jeffrey E.. corrections.com (Scituate, MA).
Concerns with the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force's (USPSTF) recommendations for mammogram breast cancer screening and how these could impact screening mammography in prisons are explained. Sections of this article cover: what the USPSTF suggested for mammograms; what evidence the USPSTF reviewed; whether other respected organizations came to the similar conclusions after reviewing the evidence as USPSTF did; what the benefit is of screening mammography in women aged 40-49; what the harms... Read More
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5 pages
2015
Document 029966
Meeting the Needs of Women in California's County Justice Systems: A Toolkit for Policymakers and Practitioners
By Bloom, Barbara E.. Californians for Safety and Justice. Local Safety Solutions Project (Oakland, CA).
"Because fewer women are convicted of crimes and incarcerated compared to men, they can be overlooked for what may be ideal approaches to reduce crime and recidivism … The toolkit provides suggestions for innovative and focused interventions targeting the special risks and needs of women in the justice system. It provides an overview of risk and needs assessments, case management approaches, principles, strategies and programs that take into account the needs of women (gender-responsive). There ... Read More

28 pages
2015
Document 030112
Women, Trauma & Incarceration: What They Say, How We Work
By Matheson, Flora I.; Cuff, Robin. Downtown Toronto Human Services and Justice Coordinating Committee (DT-HSJCC) (Toronto, Ontario).
This presentation is a very good introduction for the impact of trauma on female offenders, and the need for justice-informed practices. It may be from Canada, but it speaks to all of the issues facing female trauma and incarceration in the United States. Topics discussed include: why trauma is an important issue; defining trauma; vicarious trauma; trauma-informed practices; voices of trauma—a call for help; triggers and trauma reactions; trauma-informed versus trauma-specific; where trauma-info... Read More

75 minutes|46 pages of presentation slides
2015
Document 031215
The Sexual Abuse to Prison Pipeline: The Girls' Story
By Saar, Malika Saada; Epstein, Rebecca; Rosenthal, Lindsay; Vafa, Yasmin. Human Rights Project for Girls (Rights4Girls) (Washington, DC); Georgetown University Law Center. Center on Poverty and Inequality (Washington, DC); Ms. Foundation for Women (Brooklyn, NY).
"This report exposes the ways in which we criminalize girls — especially girls of color — who have been sexually and physically abused, and it offers policy recommendations to dismantle the abuse to prison pipeline. It illustrates the pipeline with examples, including the detention of girls who are victims of sex trafficking, girls who run away or become truant because of abuse they experience, and girls who cross into juvenile justice from the child welfare system. By illuminating both the prob... Read More

48 pages
2015
Document 030028
Hepatitis C in Corrections: Innovations in Treatment and Management of a Public Health Challenge [Internet Broadcast]
By Grant, Anita; Greer, James; Guilfoyle, Sheila M.; Kendig, Newton; Maurer, Kathleen; Ojo, Olugbenga; Zawitz, Chad. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, with approximately three million persons living with current infection. Of the two million individuals incarcerated in US federal and state prisons, a February 2015 Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) special report states that 9.8% of these individuals have Hepatitis C. With the advent of a one pill per day treatment regimen, the management of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in corrections is rapidly evolvin... Read More

38 pages + 155 minutes
2015
Document 031229
Gender Injustice: System-Level Juvenile Justice Reform for Girls
By Sherman, Francine T.; Balck, Annie. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); NoVo Foundation (New York, NY); Boston College Law School (Boston, MA). National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR); National Women's Law Center (Washington, DC).
"Juvenile justice systems reform is occurring across the country as a result of a growing understanding of developmental and neurological differences between youth and adults, the high cost of incarceration, and the consistent failure of a punitive juvenile justice model. However, even as systems are initiating reforms and changing their approach, they are routinely failing to modify those reforms for girls or even to collect data on how girls, specifically, are affected by the problems they are... Read More

72 pages
2015
Document 031242
World Female Imprisonment List|Third Edition
By Walmsley, Roy. International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPR) (London, England).
"This third edition of the World Female Imprisonment List shows the number of women and girls held in penal institutions in 219 prison systems in independent countries and dependent territories. The figures include both pre-trial detainees/remand prisoners and those who have been convicted and sentenced. The List also shows the percentage of women and girls within each national prison population and the proportion of the national population that are imprisoned females (the female prison populati... Read More

13 pages
2015
Document 031290
Safeguarding the Rights of Girls in the Criminal Justice System: Preventing Violence, Stigmatization and Deprivation of Liberty
United Nations. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on Violence against Children (New York, NY).
This report is an excellent resource explaining how the "criminal justice system should aim to prevent incidents of violence, bring perpetrators to justice, and ensure recovery and social reintegration for victims. Like any other group in society, women and girls are entitled to nothing less … however, the social, economic and cultural position of girls, together with deeply rooted discriminatory attitudes toward them in society as a whole, influence the attitudes and responses of the criminal j... Read More

78 pages
2015
Document 031303
Training Curriculum on Women and Imprisonment, Version 1.0
By Christian, Jeff; Barzano, Piera; Pfeiffer, Sven; Rodriguez, Maria Noel; Salah, Ehab; Granger-Brown, Alison; Saunier, Mona Chamass. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Justice Section (Vienna, Austria); Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (Lund, Sweden); Thailand Institute of Justice (TIJ) (Bangkok, Thailand).
"This training curriculum, together with the UNODC Handbook on Women and Imprisonment, aims to assist legislators, policymakers, prison managers, staff and non-governmental organizations to acquire knowledge and skills to address the gender-specific needs of women prisoners and to explore and utilize ways to reduce their unnecessary imprisonment, in line with the provisions of the Bangkok Rules" (p. 9). The twelve modules comprising this training program are: identifying the needs of women priso... Read More

102 pages
2015
Document 031322
States of Women's Incarceration: The Global Context
By Kajstura, Aleks; Immarigeon, Russ. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
If you want an easy to understand and concise source of information about female incarceration within the U.S. and the throughout the world, then this report is for you. It is a must read for correctional professionals, policymakers, advocates, and community members. "We already know that when it comes to incarceration … the United States incarcerates 716 people for every 100,000 residents, more than any other country. Worldwide, and within the U.S., the vast majority of those incarcerated are m... Read More

2015
Document 030128
Why do rates of sexual assault prevalence vary from report to report?
By Pelletier, Elizabeth; Zweig, Janain M.. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"All crime data have flaws, but sexual assault data are notoriously inaccurate. Why are these data so problematic? And what are the consequences for how we address sexual violence in the United States? Data on rape and sexual assault suffer from inconsistent estimates and underreporting, leading to misunderstandings about the extent of the problem and adequate policy solutions. Let’s look at two major sources of information on the topic: survey-based studies that estimate prevalence of sexual as... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 032648
No Place for Youth: Girls in the Adult Justice System
By Davis, Antoinette; Gentile, Andrea ; Glesmann, Caroline. NIC- 13CS12GKP3; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
This report is necessary reading for anyone working with or concerned about girls who are incarcerated in adult correctional facilities. "Adult jails and prisons are not designed for the confinement of youth, and as a result most are not equipped to meet the inherent and specific needs of adolescents. Studies show that youth in adult confinement do not receive age-appropriate educational, medical, or rehabilitative services. They are subject to conditions that are developmentally inappropriate a... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2015
Document 031398
Fact Sheet: Incarcerated Women and Girls
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Over the past quarter century, there has been a profound change in the involvement of women within the criminal justice system. This is the result of more expansive law enforcement efforts, stiffer drug sentencing laws, and post-conviction barriers to reentry that uniquely affect women. Women now comprise a larger proportion of the prison population than ever before; the female prison population stands nearly eight times higher than its population count in 1980. More than 60% of women in state ... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 031219
Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research for Probation Officers and Administrators
By Klein, Andrew R.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) (Washington, DC). Battered Women's Justice Project (Minneapolis, MN); Advocates for Human Potential, Inc. (AHP) (Sudbury, MA).
"This booklet looks at the recent research on intimate partner violence and analyzes what it reveals that probation officers and administrators should know to do their jobs better in terms of completing PSI [presentence investigative report] for defendants convicted of intimate partner violence, supervising abusers on their caseloads, and dealing with the victims of these abusers on probation and victims who have also ended up on probation caseloads. Although much of the research is not focused ... Read More

52 pages
2015
Document 031506
Women in Detention: A Guide to Gender-Sensitive Monitoring|Second edition
By Atabay, Tomris. UK Aid (London, England); European Commission. European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) (Brussels, Belgium). Penal Reform International (PRI). Strengthening Institutions and Building Civil Society Capacity to Combat Torture in 9 CIS Countries (London, England); Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) (Geneva, Switzerland) .
Individuals who want an up-to-date understanding of gender-responsive issues and all those who work with female offenders should read this document report. "It outlines the risks faced by women deprived of their liberty of being subjected to torture and ill-treatment and measures that can be taken to reduce such risks. The main focus of the paper is the situation of women in detention in the criminal justice system, though the discussion is in many cases equally relevant to women deprived of lib... Read More

24 pages
2015
Document 025993
National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women: NRCJIW
National Resource Center on Justice-Involved Women (Silver Spring, MD).
"The National Resource Center on Justice-Involved Women was established to assist practitioners in understanding and applying the lessons learned from research, promising practices, and the insights of justice-involved women themselves, as practitioners strive to transform the criminal justice system into one that is more gender-responsive ' and ultimately more effective. " Points of entry to this website include: about NRCJIW—background, services, goals, and organizations providing support to N... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028130
Gender-Responsive Policy & Practice (GRPPA)
National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
The Gender-Responsive Policy & Practice Assessment (GRPPA) outlines the process of evaluating the gender-responsiveness of policies and programs for women and how to use those outcomes to drive enhancements to women’s programming. There are two main sections of the GRPPA. The GRPPA Description and Instructions section provides information on how to facilitate an assessment of current gender-responsive practices in community corrections programs and correctional facilities. It also outlines t... Read More
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2014
Document 028132
Worse than Second-Class: Solitary Confinement of Women in the United States
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Foundation (New York, NY).
"More than 200,000 women are locked in jails and prisons in the United States. These prisoners are routinely subjected to solitary confinement, spending at least 22 hours a day without human interaction for days, weeks, or months at a time. And yet, the solitary confinement of women is often overlooked. The negative psychological impacts of solitary confinement are well known. This briefing paper highlights the unique harms and dangers of subjecting women prisoners to this isolation and makes th... Read More
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22 pages
2014
Document 028200
Working With Women Who Perpetrate Violence: A Practice Guide
By Van Dieten, Marilyn; Jones, Natalie J.; Rondon, Monica. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (Silver Spring, MD).
"This practice brief was designed to summarize the available research on female perpetrated violence. Information in this area is still quite limited. However, there is a growing body of evidence to suggest that females who engage in violence are not a homogenous group and that there are some important differences in the context and expression of violent behavior across gender. We will examine a host of personal, contextual, cultural, and victimization-related factors among females charged with ... Read More
PDF
39 pages
2014
Document 028256
Neglected Needs: Girls in the Criminal Justice System
By Sheahan, Frances. UK Aid (London, England). Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England); United Nations. Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice (IPJJ) (Geneva, Switzerland).
You need to read this document if you work with justice-involved girls. It explains the serious problems faced with girls in the criminal justice system and suggests ways to address these challenges and meet these girls' critical needs. This Briefing Paper is divided in to four sections: introduction—particular issues facing girls involved in criminal justice systems, numbers, and the right to non-discrimination; discrimination in the juvenile justice system—gender-specific offences, access to j... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2014
Document 028239
Addressing the Intersection of Trauma, Mental Health Challenges, and Substance Use
National Governors Association (NGA) (Washington, DC). Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA).
It is critical that people learn about the intersection of trauma, mental health challenges, and substance use and how they will impact women and girls and their families and communities and overall well-being. Representatives from more than three dozen federal agencies have gotten together to focus on this issue and to develop collective strategies to address its impact. This webinar held May 29, 2014 aimed to address: "the historical context of the intersection of mental health substance abuse... Read More
WEB
81 minutes + 82 pages
2014
Document 028318
Female Realignment Report: An Examination of Female Offenders Released from State Prison in the First Year of Public Safety Realignment
California Dept. of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR). Office of Research. Research and Evaluation Branch (Sacramento, CA).
"California’s Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011 transferred jurisdiction and funding for managing lower-level criminal offenders from the State to the counties. Under Realignment, for example, certain lower level felons now serve their felony sentences in jail rather than prison. Realignment also changed California’s system of community corrections. Prior to Realignment, State parole agents supervised every female inmate released from prison, and parole violators could be revoked to State pr... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2014
Document 028065
Young Women of Color with Criminal Records: A Barrier to Economic Stability for Low-Income Families and Communities
Community Legal Services of Philadelphia (CLS) (Philadelphia, PA).
“Over the past few years, young women of color have been represented at a disproportionately high rate among clients coming to Community Legal Services (CLS) for help with barriers to employment caused by criminal records. This is particularly notable, as the vast majority of research, programming, and policy attention regarding criminal records and barriers to employment have focused on men. The impact of criminal records on young women seeking employment has largely been overlooked” (p. 2). Th... Read More
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5 pages
2014
Document 028163
NIC Services in Managing Justice-Involved Women
By Buell, Maureen.
While the use of evidence-based practice (EBP) is being used by more and more correctional systems, EBP tend to primarily address the needs of men. Issues specific to females are often overlooked. This void can be filled with gender-specific programming and services. The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is a great resource for information about gender-responsive topics. This article provides a glimpse at the various things NIC offers. Some of these assets are technical assistance, trainin... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2014
Document 028063
Criminal Stigma, Race, Gender, and Employment: An Expanded Assessment of the Consequences of Imprisonment for Employment
By Decker, Scott H.; Spohn, Cassia; Ortiz, Natalie R.; Hedberg, Eric. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
This report provides a very good look at how criminal records, race, and gender impact chances for employment. Sections following an executive summary cover: prisoner reentry and employment; race and the criminal justice system; stereotyping racial minorities and the unemployed; crime and employment; finding work in an era of mass incarceration; women, criminal records, and finding employment after prison; focus and research methods using an on-line job application, in-person application, and an... Read More
PDF
111 pages
2014
Document 028478
Ending Silence: Demanding Safety from Sexual Assault Graphic Novel Series
By Bess, Caleb J.; Heinsen, Rebecca I.; Yarussi, Jaime M.; Smith, Brenda V.; Auger, Michael J., illustrator. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent "series of graphic novels for adult inmates in custodial settings. These graphic novels are intended to educate inmates about how to identify and address incidents of sexual assault. The plot lines in these graphic novels dramatize situations we know occur in custodial settings. The use of graphic novels in community education projects is well established. Through presenting information through an illustrative medium, these novels aim to disseminate information about the sex... Read More
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3 volumes (volume 1 – 24 pages, volume 2 – 32 pages, volume 3 – 24 pages)
2014
Document 028143
Best Practices in the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women Under Correctional Custody
By King, Kristen. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Task Force on the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women under Correctional Custody (Washington, DC); Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) (Silver Spring, MD).
These standards were developed to "articulate a set of principles to guide agencies and jurisdictions in the development of local policy and practice. These best practices are relevant across a variety of settings including criminal justice, juvenile justice, psychiatric and forensic hospitals, law enforcement transport, and others. This document refers and applies to both women (age 18 years and older) and girls (younger than age 18) who are pregnant, laboring and delivering, or in the post-par... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2014
Document 029600
A Systematic Review of HIV Prevention Interventions Targeting Women with Criminal Justice Involvement
By Azhar, Sameena V.; Berringer, Kathryn R.; Epperson, Matthew W..
Anyone working with female offenders should read this systematic review of 13 studies from 1980 to 2014. It provides a very good look at effective HIV prevention interventions for justice-involved women. "As compared with interventions without an explicit theoretical orientation, interventions using a social cognitive theory or motivational interviewing orientation were more efficacious. Interventions delivered fully or partially in the community setting were also more efficacious than those del... Read More
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37 pages
2014
Document 029601
Justice-Involved Women: Understanding Trauma and Violence [Webinar]
By Covington, Stephanie S.. National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women (NCDBW) (Philadelphia, PA).
"This webinar will focus on both the violence and aggression – including interpersonal and domestic violence – women have experienced as well as when they have perpetrated … Beyond Violence is the first manualized intervention for women that focuses on anger and utilizes a multi-level approach and a variety of evidence-based therapeutic strategies (i.e., psycho-education, role playing, mindfulness activities, cognitive-behavioral restructuring, and grounding skills for trauma triggers). This fou... Read More
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89 minutes
2014
Document 028184
Using Trauma-Informed Practices to Enhance Safety and Security in Women’s Correctional Facilities
By Benedict, Alyssa. National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (NRCJIW) (Silver Spring, MD).
"In the wake of significant research on trauma and the interventions required to address it, a number of correctional agencies have made efforts to increase the use of trauma-based services and curricula … This document provides a brief overview of trauma and its effects on women offenders, and specifically defines trauma-informed practices for women’s correctional facilities. It also provides key actions that facility administrators, managers, and staff can take to better align their operationa... Read More
PDF
23 pages
2014
Document 029747
Gender-Responsive Policy Development in Corrections: What We Know and Roadmaps for Change
By King, Erica; Foley, Jillian E.. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC).
"Correctional policy and procedure drives decisions in the management and rehabilitation of offender populations. The continuously emerging research on female offenders highlights differences from their male counterparts, particularly in the areas of health, mental health, substance abuse and risk. Yet correctional policies rarely reflect those differences and where adaptations are made it is often not in policy or directive, contributing to tremendous inconsistency in the management of women of... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2014
Document 031284
Crime, Violence & Victimization Research Division's Compendium of Research on Violence Against Women, 1993-2014
National Institute of Justice. Office of Research and Evaluation (Washington, DC) ; National Institute of Justice. Victim and Victimization (V&V) Research Division (Washington, DC) .
"For over forty years, NIJ has invested in research on violence against women. This research touches on a wide variety of public safety concerns, including intimate partner violence, teen dating violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking, as well as criminal justice challenges, including the availability of legal and victim support services, the effectiveness of prevention programs, and the impact of such crimes over time. To give researchers and support providers easier centralized access ... Read More

237 pages
2014
Document 029818
Gender Responsive Discipline and Sanctions Policy Guide for Women’s Facilities
By Benedict, Alyssa; Ney, Becki; Ramirez, Rachelle. National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (NRCJIW) (Silver Spring, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC).
"The Guide is designed to assist corrections professionals in revising discipline and sanctions policies and practices to more effectively manage women inmates, and create safer facilities for staff and inmates. It builds on a growing body of research and practice that supports an approach to discipline and sanctions tailored to women inmates. It also provides a synopsis of American Correctional Association (ACA) standards, and case law relevant to discipline and sanctions policies and practice... Read More

121 pages
2014
Document 029808
Handbook on Women and Imprisonment|Second edition
By Atabay, Tomris. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (Vienna, Austria); United Nations (New York, NY).
"The main focus of the "Handbook" is female prisoners and guidance on the components of a gender-sensitive approach to prison management, taking into account the typical background of female prisoners and their special needs as women in prison" (p. 1). The text is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1—The Special Needs of Female Offenders: challenges in accessing justice; history of victimization and mental health-care needs; gender-specific and health-care needs; safety in prison; accommodation... Read More

162 pages
2014
Document 029839
Trauma among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System
By Kerig, Patricia K.; Ford, Julian D.. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN). Juvenile Justice Consortium (Los Angeles, CA).
The impact of trauma on girls involved in the juvenile justice system is examined. Sections of this fact sheet cover: why there are increasing numbers of girls in the juvenile justice system; prevalence of trauma-exposure among justice-involved girls; prevalence of PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder) among justice-involved girls; potential consequences of trauma for girls; impact of the juvenile justice system on traumatized girls; and gender-responsive programming. "This review suggests that t... Read More

11 pages
2014
Document 029907
Forgotten Women: Incarceration and Health Concerns of Minority Women
By Whitehead, Chaundra L.; McDade, Regina; Mites-Campbell, Mary.
Issues regarding health conditions and health education of incarcerated minority women are discussed in this paper. Topics covered include: incarcerated women's health care—infectious and chronic diseases, disease-specific care, mental health, and programs specifically for incarcerated females; health education programs in prison—education strategies from intake to reentry, and collaborative prison-community partnerships; return to the community-- post release access to care; and a conclusion ex... Read More

9 pages
2014
Document 029923
Access to Transportation and Outcomes for Women on Probation and Parole
By Bohmert, Miriam Northcutt.
Anyone working with female offenders under some form of community corrections, be it probation or parole, should read this report. "The current study focuses attention on a previously understudied topic – transportation deprivation in women offenders. This is a timely and important endeavor given the scale of mass incarceration, number of women on probation and parole, and the numerous barriers women with a criminal record face" (p. ii). Chapters cover: introduction—problem statement and study s... Read More

118 pages
2013
Document 027657
Trauma-Informed Approaches: Federal Activities and Initiatives: A Working Document, Second Report
Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, it has become increasingly clear that addressing trauma requires a multi-agency, multi-pronged approach. Public education, prevention, early identification, and effective trauma assessment and treatment are all necessary to break the cycle of trauma and violence. Significant progress has been made in creating organizational cultures based on knowledge of trauma and its impact (“trauma-informed approaches”), strategies to prevent or reduce rates of violence and trauma, and ef... Read More
PDF
77 pages
2013
Document 026931
Seeking Safety: A Model for Trauma and/or Substance Abuse
Treatment Innovations (Newton Centre, MA).
Seeking Safety is a therapeutic program for women suffering from trauma, substance abuse, and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This website provides abundant information regarding this program and trauma-informed treatment. Points of entry are: the book “Seeking Safety; outcome results from evaluations of Seeking Safety; a wide range of articles regarding the Seeking Safety model (description and implementation) and empirical studies about it, PTSD and addiction, cognitive-behavioral and... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027797
Girls, Status Offenses and the Need for a Less Punitive and More Empowering Approach
Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ). Safety, Opportunity and Success (SOS) Project (Washington, DC).
“’Why are girls so much more likely than boys to be petitioned and incarcerated for a status offense?’ This brief explores the complex answer to this question, and previews steps that can be taken to unravel, understand, and better address the complex needs of girls who engage in status offense behaviors” (p. 1). This is an excellent resource for people who work with girls who are status offenders. Sections of this publication cover: the prevalence of status offenses for girls; how different exp... Read More
PDF
9 pages
2013
Document 028493
Justice for Girls: Are We Making Progress?
By Sherman, Francine T..
This is an excellent introduction to the issues surrounding girls in the juvenile justice system. "The majority of girls in the system are there for status and misdemeanor offenses and violations of probation. Both the behaviors that result in girls' arrests and the structural mechanisms that pull them into the justice system for those behaviors relate to child development. Girls' behaviors should be understood ecologically, as reactions to and in tension with the concentric circles of family, c... Read More
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9 pages
2013
Document 027418
Women and Reentry
Federal Interagency Reentry Council (Washington, DC).
"And while a primary consideration for many justice-involved women who are mothers is to determine why and how to successfully reestablish a relationship with their children when they leave prison, most state and local systems are not focused on supporting this important aspect of reentry. These and many other factors point to the need to better identify effective strategies to help women overcome these challenges as they transition to their communities" (p. 1).... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027440
Making Detention Reform Work for Girls
By Sherman, Francine T.; Mendel, Richard A.; Irvine, Angela. Annie E. Casey Foundation. Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (Philadelphia, PA).
This “practice guide will stress that efforts to safely reduce the inappropriate detention of low-risk girls must be rooted in JDAI’s [Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative’s eight] core strategies, but with an added intentional focus on applying those core strategies to girls’ unique needs and circumstances. These efforts require a strong and collaborative leadership team with the will and capacity to undertake meaningful reforms in the treatment of girls at the detention stage. The work m... Read More
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88 pages
2013
Document 027787
Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More
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227 minutes
2013
Document 028183
Responding to the Needs of Women Veterans Involved in the Criminal Justice System
By Ramirez, Rachelle; Van Dieten, Marilyn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJS) (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (NRCJIW) (Silver Spring, MD).
"As criminal justice practitioners, we need to understand that the issues facing women veterans in the justice system may be complex as a result of untreated trauma, mental illness, and substance abuse, and their unique military experiences. We must better prepare ourselves to respond. This document highlights the unique experiences and needs of women veterans who become justice-involved and offers a gender and trauma informed approach that criminal justice practitioners can use to more effectiv... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 028186
Women's Risk Factors and New Treatments/Interventions for Addressing Them: Evidence-Based Interventions in the United States and Canada
By Van Voorhis, Patricia. United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan) .
This paper describes assessments of female offenders used by correctional agencies and the programs and resources provided by these agencies to meet female offenders' needs. "The two, assessments and programs/services go together. The assessments tell us what is needed and the programs address identified needs" (p. 43). Topics discussed include: gender-responsive risk assessments and the risk factors they identify; women's pathways to crime—child abuse pathway, relational pathway, and the social... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2013
Document 028152
Creating A Place Of Healing and Forgiveness: The Trauma-Informed Care Initiative at the Women’s Community Correctional Center of Hawaii
By Penney, Darby. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) (Alexandria, VA); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA); Advocates for Human Potential, Inc. (AHP) (Sudbury, MA).
"Recognizing that most inmates are trauma survivors and many common prison routines can re-traumatize women, the Women’s Community Correctional Center of Hawaii, under the leadership of Warden Mark Kawika Patterson, works to create “a place of healing and forgiveness” [pu'uhonua] through its Trauma- Informed Care Initiative (TICI) … Reducing the use of restraints and isolation has been a focus of the training and activities of TICI, since these interventions are likely to re-traumatize women who... Read More
PDF
9 pages
2013
Document 028259
Webinar: A Trauma-Informed Effective Reinforcement System for Girls
By Selvaggi, Kimberly S.; Wolf, Angie; Long, Callie. National Girls Institute (NGI); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) (Washington, DC).
"The TLC TIER (Trauma Informed Effective Reinforcement) System for Girls is a female responsive, research-based model that offers short-term detention and residential programs an effective alternative to compliance-focused behavior management systems. The TIER System for Girls teaches staff skills that are more effective in motivating positive behavior with girls than traditional points and level systems. This Webinar reviews the framework of the TIER System for Girls, and provides examples of... Read More
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94 minutes + 98 pages
2013
Document 027799
Women in Detention: A Guide to Gender-Sensitive Monitoring
By Atabay, Tomris. European Commission. European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) (Brussels, Belgium). Penal Reform International (PRI). Strengthening Institutions and Building Civil Society Capacity to Combat Torture in 9 CIS Countries (London, England); Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT) (Geneva, Switzerland).
Individuals who want an up-to-date understanding of gender-responsive issues and all those who work with female offenders should read this document report. It “outlines the risks faced by women deprived of their liberty of being subjected to torture and ill-treatment and measures that can be taken to reduce such risks. The main focus of the paper is the situation of women in detention in the criminal justice system, though the discussion is in many cases equally relevant to women deprived of lib... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2013
Document 027796
Webinar: Girls at Risk: A Trauma-Informed Approach
By Covington, Stephanie S.; Wolf, Angie; Long, Callie. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Girls Institute (NGI); National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA); National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) (Washington, DC).
“With the increased awareness of the impact of trauma on girls’ lives, juvenile justice and community professionals are beginning to consider what this means in their specific settings. There is a growing evidence base documenting the impact of relationship violence and sexual assault (as well as other forms of trauma) on health, mental health and behavior. This Webinar explores the specifics of becoming trauma-informed, as well as the guiding principles for gender-responsive services. Learnin... Read More
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88 minutes and 297 pages
2013
Document 027701
Pregnancy- and Child- Related Legal and Policy Issues Concerning Justice-Involved Women
By Raeder, Myrna. NIC Grant no. 11B7401; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Do you need detailed information about how to manage inmate mothers? Then this publication is for you. It “provides an overview of pregnancy- and child-related legal questions concerning justice-involved women that can be raised in correctional settings … Understanding how family-based legal issues affect women offenders is important in designing programs to ensure the best outcomes for women and their children, not just in jail or prison settings but also in probation, parole, and community cor... Read More
PDF
68 pages
2012
Document 025832
Statistics on Women Offenders
By Sipes, Leonard A., Jr.. corrections.com (Quincy, MA).
Statistics related to female offenders are provided and organized according to: state and federal prisoners; prison, jail, and community supervision; previous years; HIV; mental health; physical or sexual abuse; physical or sexual violence; women offenders and children; drug use; family violence; and returning home (reentry).... Read More
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2 pages
2012
Document 026027
Ten Truths that Matter When Working with Justice Involved Women
By Ney, Becki, editor; Ramirez, Rachelle, editor; Van Dieten, Marilyn, editor. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (Washington, DC).
“This document reviews ten truths about justice involved women—gleaned from the research over the last few decades —that must be recognized if we are to successfully manage this population, achieve greater reductions in recidivism, and improve public safety outcomes. It is our hope that by understanding these truths, criminal justice policymakers and practitioners will be more aware of gender differences and take steps to enhance their approaches to managing justice involved women” (p. iii). So... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2012
Document 026332
Health, Justice, Women: Transforming Systems--Changing Lives [Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Women and girls enter the criminal justice system with distinct and unique health care needs. Most are in their child bearing years, may have children, many are victims of abuse, have a mental health diagnosis, or typically exhibit more misconduct than male offenders. This complex mix of needs affects a system's ability to work effectively as it draws upon a higher percentage of resources to care for female offenders. During this national discussion held on August 15, 2012, participants will ... Read More
VIDEO
2 video DVDs (151 minutes)
2010
Document 024662
Employment and Female Offenders: An Update of the Empirical Research
By Flower, Shawn M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“The purpose of this bulletin is to explore the literature and summarize the empirical evidence related to the impact of employment on the criminal behavior of women” (p. 2). Sections comprising this publication are: female offender demographics; barriers to employment—overview, the role of the family and the community, time-management skills, and the role of agency; correctional education and vocational programs—education programs, vocational/technical programs, overall effectiveness of these p... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2010
Document 025605
Study of Incarcerated Women and Their Children
By Sharp, Susan; Pain, Emily. Oklahoma Commission on Children and Youth (Oklahoma City, OK).
The experiences of female inmates, their children, and the present caregivers of those children are examined. Any review of the problems women inmates and their children experience should include this report. Three sections are contained in this document: female prisoners—demographics, criminal histories, family histories, mental health histories, drug abuse histories, children, and concerns and recommendations from the women; caregivers of the children of female prisoners—backgrounds of the inc... Read More
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39 pages
2009
Document 023904
National Directory of Programs for Women with Criminal Justice Involvement
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Programs related to women involved with the criminal justice system are displayed by state. Information given (if provided) for each program listed are program description, agency information, program contact, related programs, who is helped, and additional information (i.e., stages of criminal justice, areas of service, keywords, program evaluation, and published curriculum availability.... Read More
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1 p.
2009
Document 024036
Maine's Women Offenders: What Do We Know?
By King, Erica. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Southern Maine. Muskie School of Public Service (Portland, ME).
“This study provides a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of women entering Maine’s probation system from 2004 to 2006, and examines the factors contributing to recidivism, defined as an arrest for a new crime (misdemeanor or felony) while under probation supervision” (p. 2). Tabulations of findings are presented for: characteristics of sample; returning County of Maine women probationer sample; Maine characteristics of Maine women probationer sample; risk level by year entering probati... Read More
PDF
16 p.
2009
Document 025927
Outcome Evaluation of the Women Offender Case Management Model in Connecticut Probation
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Orbis Partners, Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario).
“The outcome evaluation [for the Women Offender Case Management Model (WOCMM) implemented in Connecticut probation] focuses on determining whether participation in the project reduces future involvement in the criminal justice system as measured by recidivism over a fixed length follow-up period. The outcome evaluation employs a comparison group to determine if participants have more positive outcomes than a group of women with similar characteristics who were not exposed to the model” (p. 1). R... Read More
PDF
17 p.
2008
Document 024311
Gender Responsive Classification Instruments for Women Offenders: What Do They Look Like and How Will They Improve Practice? [Lesson Plan]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This two-hour training session is for correctional managers wanting to implement risk and needs assessments for adult female offenders. Participants will: become familiar with gender-responsive assessments and approaches; and receive information regarding the adoption of the Women’s Risk and Needs Assessment instrument. Topics discussed include: evidence-based practice; risk/needs assessment; gender-neutral risk assessment; women offenders; gender-responsive concepts; risk assessment validation;... Read More

12 p.
2008
Document 025819
Gender-Responsive Program Assessment Tool
By Covington, Stephanie S.; Bloom, Barbara E.. Center for Gender and Justice (La Jolla, CA).
“The Gender-Responsive Program Assessment tool is an instrument by which program administrators, program evaluators, agency monitors and staff can evaluate the gender responsiveness of programs for women and girls and obtain feedback that can be used to improve the quality of a program’s services” (p. 1). This tool allows one to evaluate these program elements: theoretical foundation and mission statement; site and facility; administration and staffing; program environment and culture; treatment... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2008
Document 023548
Women and Work: Gender Responsivity and Workforce Development
  • [Satellite/Internet Broadcast held September 24-25, 2008]
  • National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
    This training program presents strategies for making women offender workplace development programs more responsive to their clients. Topics include:
    • Emerging evidence-based gender responsive practices
    • Information strategies and case management models
    • Career theories and assessment tools
    • Collaborative relationships that support effective reentry
    • How a history of criminal convictions impacts job search efforts
    • Women Offender Case Management Model (WOCMM)
    • Strengths and nee... Read More
    VIDEO
    4 DVDs (353 min) + 1 CD
    2008
    Document 022844
    Achieving Accurate Pictures of Risk and Identifying Gender Responsive Needs: Two New Assessments for Women Offenders
    By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    The development of new risk/needs assessments specifically designed for female offenders is discussed. This report is comprised of these sections:
    • The case for women's needs;
    • Development of new assessments;
    • Construction validation research;
    • Full instruments;
    • Implementation considerations;
    • Obtaining the gender-responsive assessments;
    • And conclusion.
    ... Read More
    PDF
    26 p.
    2008
    Document 023402
    Mentoring Women in Reentry
    By Villanueva, Chandra; de Souza, Keita. Women's Prison Association and Home, Inc. Institute on Women and Criminal Justice (New York, NY).
    "This Practice Brief focuses on the benefits of establishing healthy social and civic connections through mentoring of criminal justice-involved women" (p. 3). Sections contained in this publication include: issue overview; what mentoring is; mentoring and gender; policy and legislation; the WPA (Women's Prison Association) approach to mentoring women in reentry; other mentoring programs; and challenges in implementing mentoring programs.... Read More
    PDF
    10 p.
    2008
    Document 023530
    Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving Security in Women's Facilities
    By Owen, Barbara; Wells, James; Pollock, Joycelyn; Muscat, Bernadette; Torres, Stephanie. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
    "In response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA), this project . . . examined the context and correlates of both violence and safety in correctional facilities for women" (p. 1). This report is divided into three parts after an abstract and executive summary: Part I, entitled "Gendered Violence and Safety: Improving Security in Women's Facilities," contains the chapters introduction, literature review, gendered violence in women's prisons and jails, and policy implications and re... Read More
    PDF
    441 p.
    2007
    Document 022777
    Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2007: Promising Strategies in Transition from Prison
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
    Issue contents are: “Foreword” by Kermit Humphries; “An Overview of NIC’s Transition from Prison to the Community Initiative” by Peggy B. Burke; “Rising to the Challenge of Applying Evidence-Based Practices Across the Spectrum of a State Parole Board” by Sherry Tate and Catherine C. McVey; “Collaboration and Partnership in the Community: Advancing the Michigan Prisoner ReEntry Initiative” by Le’Ann Duran; “Providing Tools for Risk Reduction Case Management in Parole and Community Corrections” by... Read More
    PDF
    74 p.
    2007
    Document 022786
    Gender-Responsive Reentry in Rhode Island: A Long and Winding Road
    By Derrick, Bree. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
    Gender-responsive offender reentry efforts for female offenders in Rhode Island are discussed. Sections contained in this article are: introduction; reentry -- a statewide focus; women's issues past and present; consciously implementing a gender-responsive approach -- assessments, program examination and updates, and field services; and challenges in reentry.... Read More
    PDF
    6 p.
    2007
    Document 023740
    Gender-Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment, Final Report
    By Wright, Emily; Van Voorhis, Patricia; Bauman, Ashley; Salisbury, Emily. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
    Results are provided from an evaluation of the gender-responsive risk/needs assessment used by Minnesota, the LSI-R (Level of Service Inventory-Revised), and a supplement called the "trailer". Sections comprising this report include: project history; women offenders and risk assessment; study methodology; results; construction of the final trailer instrument; treatment and policy implications; implementation considerations; and conclusion.... Read More
    PDF
    117 p.
    2007
    Document 023746
    A Gender Responsive Risk Assessment for Women Offenders: Results for the Missouri Department of Corrections Probation, Prison, and Pre-Release Samples
    By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley; Holsinger, Kristi. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
    Results are reported for an evaluation of a stand alone risk/needs assessment instrument for female offenders developed for the Missouri Department of Corrections. Sections of this document include: gender responsive needs; Missouri Project history; methodology; analyses of findings; implementation issues; and conclusion.... Read More
    PDF
    100 p.
    2006
    Document 023736
    Gender Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment, Final Report
    By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Bauman, Ashley; Wright, Emily . National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
    Results from the Gender-Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment Project for Maui CARE are provided. Maui CARE is an "interagency collaboration with the communities of Maui, Molokai, and Lanai to improve criminal justice responses and outcomes for women and their families" (p. 9). This report contains sections about: project history; supporting research; study methodology; results; construction of the final trailer; summary of implementation considerations; and summary of policy implications.... Read More
    PDF
    75 p.
    2006
    Document 021453
    Juvenile Female Offenders: How Do You Meet Their Needs In Your Juvenile Justice Setting? [Participant's Manual]
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
    Meeting the needs of juvenile female offenders is discussed during this 1.5-hour training session. Topics covered include: introduction to the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) collaboration; current perspective -- research into juvenile female offender practice; current research -- a look at the work of OJJDPs Girls Study Group; NICs approach to address the issue; curriculum excerpt from NIC/OJJDPs Meeting the Needs of Juv... Read More
    PDF
    2006
    Document 021814
    Women Offender Case Management Model
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Orbis Partners, Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario).
    The gender-responsive Women Offender Case Management Model (WOCMM) is described. This document covers: the history of the project; philosophy and core practices; process incorporating four core elements (e.g., engage and assess, enhance motivation, implement the case plan, and review progress); preparing for implementation; and evaluation.... Read More
    PDF
    66 p.
    2005
    Document 021815
    Women Offender Transition and Reentry: Gender Responsive Approaches to Transitioning Women Offenders from Prison to the Community
    By Berman, Judith. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
    "This document summarizes the work on gender responsive approaches to women offenders in the context of the TPC [Transition from Prison to Community] Initiative, a system-wide approach to facilitating more effective transition of offenders from prison to the community" (p. 37). Sections comprising this report are: introduction; the need for gender responsiveness; women and transition -- assessment, behavior and programming, release preparation, release preparation; release, supervision and serv... Read More
    PDF
    44 p.
    2005
    Document 020418
    A Summary of Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders. The Gender-Responsive Strategies Project: Approach and Findings
    By Bloom, Barbara; Owen, Barbara; Covington, Stephanie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Reviews information on gender-specific policies, programs, and services in corrections. Topics covered by this bulletin include: the Gender-Responsive Strategies Project -- approach and findings; defining gender responsiveness; national profile of women offenders; the foundation for the principles a new vision -- six guiding principles for a gender-responsive criminal justice system; general strategies for implementing guiding principles; gender-responsive policy elements; and conclusion -- add... Read More
    PDF
    12 p.
    2005
    Document 020872
    Systemic Criminal Justice Planning: Improving Responses to Women Offenders in Hamilton County, Ohio
    By Berman, Judy. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    The use of systemic criminal justice planning by Hamilton County (OH) to improve services and programming for women offenders is reviewed. This bulletin is comprised of the following sections: introduction; the systemic planning process; members of the Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Team; steps in the collaborative systemic planning process (chart); how decision mapping works; sample findings and results; the Alternative Interventions for Women (AIW) Treatment Program; and le... Read More
    PDF
    15 p.
    2005
    Document 021023
    Meeting the Needs of Female Juvenile Offenders [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
    This 38-hour course is designed to help juvenile justice agencies evaluate and respond to the needs of juvenile female offenders in their specific service delivery areas. It outlines a framework for translating expressed needs and profiles into appropriate programs and services. Eight sections comprise this manual:
    • Introduction;
    • Defining the context of juvenile female offender issues within the juvenile justice system;
    • Defining the context of juvenile female issues within your juven... Read More
    ZIP
    2004
    Document 021816
    Classification of Women Offenders: Gender-Responsive Approach to Risk/Needs Assessment
    By Van Voorhis, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
    An overview of the work done by collaborative partnerships to design and validate gender-responsive risk and needs assessments for female offenders is provided. This article discusses issues surrounding female offender classification and the current National Institute of Corrections (NIC) study regarding gender-responsive approaches to risk and needs assessment.... Read More
    PDF
    8 p.
    2004
    Document 018931
    Developing Gender-Specific Classification Systems for Women Offenders
    By Hardyman, Patricia L.; Van Voorhis, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC); University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
    A report which highlights the results of two cooperative agreements from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) addressing the critical need for gender-specific objective classification systems is presented.  Following an executive summary are six chapters: introduction; classification issues for women offenders--the literature; NIC Prisons Division--womens classification initiatives (e.g., National Assessment of Current Practices for Classifying Women Offenders and Working With Correc... Read More
    PDF
    81 p.
    2003
    Document 018017
    Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders
    By Bloom, Barbara; Owen, Barbara; Covington, Stephanie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Guidance for those individuals "seeking to more effectively respond to the behavior and circumstances of the female offender" is offered (p. iv). An executive summary and the following four chapters comprise this manual: characteristics of women in the criminal justice system -- a descriptive summary; women offenders and criminal justice practice; the context of women's lives -- a multidisciplinary review of research and theory; and a new vision -- guiding principles for a gender-responsive cri... Read More
    PDF
    142 p.
    2000
    Document 016419
    Sentencing Women Offenders: A Training Curriculum for Judges [Lesson Plans]
    By Cicero, June H.; DeCostanzo, Elaine T.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Association of Women Judges (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Intervention effectiveness can be improved by understanding how women respond to sanctions. This 6-hour course addressed sentencing practices in relation to female offenders through the following modules: why focus on women offenders?; the judicial response to the woman offender; who women offenders are; what works, what is in place, and what do programs in the represented jurisdictions offer?; sanctioning the woman offender; what do we have and what do we need?; and wrap-up session and evaluati... Read More
    ZIP
    92 p.
    1999
    Document 015455
    Addressing the Needs of Women in Mental Illness/Substance Use Disorder Jail Diversion Programs
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
    The number of women offenders has increased 273% during the last 15 years. Unfortunately, there has been little done to redesign programs and services to meet the needs of women. An example of a successful program designed for the diversion of female offenders with co-occurring disorders is the Phoenix Project of Wicomico County, Maryland. This pre- and post-booking diversion program provides intensive case management and integrated mental health and substance abuse services on site. Brokered se... Read More
    PDF
    6 p.
    1997
    Document 013768
    Women in Jail: Classification Issues
    By Brennan, Tim; Austin, James. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    The authors examine issues related to classification of female jail inmates by profiling the female inmate population and discussing problems associated with using a single classification system for both male and female inmates or a gender-neutral system. This document also provides guidelines for designing a classification system specifically for women. ... Read More
    PDF
    23 p.
    1997
    Document 014364
    Critical Issues in Managing Women Offenders, September 7-12, 1997, Longmont, Colorado: Evaluation Report
    By Adams, Linda. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    An evaluation of the feedback from this training seminar's participants indicates that the program was considered an overall success. Participants and the evaluator give suggestions for possible improvement of future meetings.... Read More
    PDF
    24 p.
    1996
    Document 013913
    The National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System: Brochures
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Policy Research, Inc. (Delmar, NY).
    Five brochures are included in this document, with titles as follows: Jail Diversion/Creating Alternatives for Persons with Mental Illnesses; Addressing the Specific Needs of Women with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System; Treatment of People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System; The National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System; and Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System.... Read More
    PDF
    10 p.
    1996
    Document 014055
    Parallel Perceptions: Gender, Job Enrichment and Job Satisfaction Among Correctional Officers in Women's Jails
    By Stohr, Mary K.; Mays, G. Larry; Lovrich, Nicholas P.; Gallegos, Amanda M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    The available research, presented in this document, comparing men and women in correctional occupations suggests that they tend to be more alike than different in their job behaviors and in their perceptions of the workplace. An important difference was discovered. Female staff bring more of a social service orientation to their work than do male staff, coinciding with the movement toward a human service model for corrections work.... Read More
    PDF
    24 p.
    1996
    Document 014000
    Community Corrections in America: New Directions and Sounder Investments for Persons with Mental Illness and Codisorders
    By Lurigio, Arthur J., ed.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Corrections . National Coalition for Mental and Substance Abuse Health Care in the Justice System (Seattle, WA).
    Fifteen contributors provide ten chapters in this document, titled as follows: 1. The Challenge of Responding to Persons with Mental Illness on Community Corrections Supervision; 2. Persons with Mental Illness on Probation and Parole: The Importance of Information; 3. Offenders with Mental Illness on Probation Supervision; 4. Women in Probation and Parole; 5. Working with Seriously Mentally Ill Substance Abusers; 6. People of Color; 7. Juveniles: The First Frontier; ... Read More
    PDF
    184 p.
    1995
    Document 012451
    Profiling the Needs of California's Female Prisoners: A Needs Assessment
    By Owen, Barbara; Bloom, Barbara. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Following a review of the literature on the female offender, this report describes the nature of the population of women in California prisons, the types and extent of program availability, and the gap between program needs and availability. The institutional program survey form and the survey instrument used to profile the needs of California's female prisoners are appended.... Read More
    PDF
    96 p.
    1994
    Document 013391
    Focus Group Results from Three Focus Group Sessions Held at Three Different Academy Division Seminars
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
    In 1994, three focus group sessions were held and all discussed the following open-ended question: What are some specific problems of women offenders and how does facility design facilitate or hinder the resolution of those problems? This document reports the results of these discussions, and lists the participants in the various sessions.... Read More
    PDF
    9 p.
    1994
    Document 011369
    Profiles of Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Programs: Women and Violent Youthful Offenders
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
    This document provides brief overviews of substance abuse treatment programs currently serving women and youthful violent offenders. Eleven programs for women are identified, including OPTIONS, WINGS, Forever Free, Marilyn Baker House, Booneville Treatment Center for Women, Dos Pasos Program, and New Image. The two programs described for youthful violent offenders are the Cook County Day Reporting Center and the substance abuse treatment program at the Lee Arrendale Correctional Institution. Pro... Read More
    PDF
    98 p.
    1994
    Document 012934
    Proceedings of a National Forum on Creating Jail Mental Health Services for Tomorrow's Health Care Systems
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC).
    This report on the proceedings of the first national forum on mental health services in jails contains copies of the remarks made by the speakers and summaries of each session of the meeting. The forum resulted from a strong concern about the numbers of mentally ill persons in correctional facilities. Areas of focus included mental health services in San Francisco Sheriff's Department facilities, and special mental health and substance abuse issues for women.... Read More
    PDF
    75 p.
    1992
    Document 010786
    Female Offenders in the Community: An Analysis of Innovative Strategies and Programs
    By Austin, James; Bloom, Barbara; Donahue, Trish. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    This report describes various strategies and programs that appear to provide effective community supervision and/or treatment of female offenders. It describes the results of a national survey of public and private community programs that supervise female offenders. Additionally, the report discusses the pertinent issues, needs, and problems of this population. Along with describing various programs, the report assesses positive aspects of these programs from their objectives through follow-up a... Read More
    PDF
    82 p.
    1989
    Document 007490
    Task Force on Women, Children, and the Criminal Justice System
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Connecticut General Assembly. Task Force on Women, Children, and the Criminal Justice System (Hartford, CT); Connecticut. The Permanent Commission on the Status of Women (Hartford, CT).
    The Task Force was established in 1987 to examine issues surrounding female offenders and their children, and the impact of the justice system from arrest to re-entry into the community. This document includes both an executive summary, and final report and recommendations.... Read More
    PDF
    90 p.
    1989
    Document 007804
    Behavioral Classification for Female Offenders: Research Report
    By Quay, Herbert C.; Love, Craig T.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). South Carolina Dept. of Corrections. Division of Classification (Columbia, SC).
    Five patterns of behavior in institutionalized female offenders that are similar to patterns in male offenders are identified. These behavior patterns are aggressive, manipulative, dependent, inadequate, and depressed/anxious. They can be utilized to classify female offenders into behaviorally homogenous subgroups. (p.iv).... Read More
    PDF
    35 p.
    1988
    Document 007083
    Initial Security Classification Guideline for Adult Females
    By Alexander, Jack; Humphrey, Elaine. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). New York State Dept. of Correctional Services (Albany, NY).
    The title of the grant project is "Development of Objective Classification Guidelines for New York State Female Offenders." Contents include the Guideline, Guideline Manual, and the third of three papers documenting the research on which the Guideline is based.... Read More
    PDF
    65 p.
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    Administration

    Facilities

    Funding

    Justice System

    Misc.

    Offender Management

    Offender Services

    Personnel

    Reentry

    Special Offenders

    Statistics & Research