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Date Title Type
2016
Document 031534
No News Is NOT Good News: The Role of PIOs in Jails [Internet Broadcast]
By Adkins, Panda J.; Crittle, Simon; Dooley, Michael; Evans, Yolonda; Jackson, Derrick; Keith, James; Nishida, Nicole. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Public Information Officers (PIOs) play a vital role in the local jail. The public’s perception and/or misperception of jail operations can influence public safety, funding, elections, and numerous other factors. Responding to media inquiries regarding crisis situations is just one of the many roles of the PIO. Building positive rapport with the media, telling your story, engaging the community and conveying your mission are priority tasks for a PIO. Topics discussed during this broadcast inc... Read More

37 pages + 180 minutes
2016
Document 032647
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado, March 21-22, 2016
By Connie, Clem. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Sections of these proceeding include: Program Session –"Shaping the Message to Legislator/Decision-Makers"--"Part 1. 'Welcome to Texas State Government'" by Dennis D. Wilson, and "Part 2. Shaping Your Message to Legislators, Lawmakers, and Decision Makers" by Elias Diggins; Program Session— "Adult Local Detention Facility (ALDF) Restrictive Housing Standards Review" facilitated by Robert Brooks, Mark Foxall, and Diggins; Program Session—"Correctional Officer Wellness" by Ainisha Persaud; Progra... Read More

48 pages
2016
Document 032635
Wisconsin Department of Corrections Interactive Dashboards
Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections (Madison, WI).
Access is provided to three interactive dashboards from the Division of Adult Institutions (DAI) of the Wisconsin Department of Corrections—Admissions to Prison, Releases from Prison, and Prison Point-in-Time Populations. These are great examples of what your agency could do with the operational data you collect.... Read More

2016
Document 032664
Jail Incarceration Trends
Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
"In 2014, the nationwide jail incarceration rate of 326 per 100,000 county residents exceeded the highest county rates registered in the 1970s, which rarely exceeded 300 per 100,000. Scroll the time slider or click the "Select data"; button to navigate the data"; Interactive charts for U.S. counties or states show the size of jails today; disparate impacts on race; disparate impacts on gender; decades of jail growth; and jail and prison population. There is also a link to the full report fr... Read More

2016
Document 032690
Protecting Written Family Communication in Jails: A 50-State Survey
By Frost, Corey. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
This report "reviews which agencies in each state provide rules, guidelines, or best practices to local jails and uncovers what, if anything, these entities say about mail that people in jail may send or receive. As expected, we find a strong correlation between the states that have strong language protecting letter writing and the states in which no jails are experimenting with banning letters" (p. 1).... Read More

2016
Document 031552
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2017
By Wagner, Peter; Rabuy, Bernadette. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA) .
"There is a lot of interesting and valuable research out there, but varying definitions make it hard — for both people new to criminal justice and for experienced policy wonks — to get the big picture. This report offers some much needed clarity by piecing together this country’s disparate systems of confinement. The American criminal justice system holds more than 2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 102 federal prisons, 901 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,163 local jails, and 76 Indi... Read More

2016
Document 031542
Jobs after Jail: Ending the Prison to Poverty Pipeline
By Fredericksen, Allyson; Omli, Desiree. Alliance for a Just Society (AJS) (Washington,DC).
"In many states and cities, both public and private employers can include a question on application materials requiring applicants to disclose whether or not they have a conviction record. While there is growing momentum to “Ban the Box,” in most cases these efforts only ban the box for public employment … On average, states have 123 mandatory bans and restrictions for would-be workers with felony convictions per state from employment in occupations or industries, from obtaining certain types of... Read More

44 pages
2016
Document 032726
Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative Phase 2 Site Reports
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Kurs, Emma; Owens, Colleen; Rao, Shebani; Warwick, Kevin; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC); Alternative Solutions Associates (Chicopee, MA); Corrections Partners, Inc. (CPI) (Clinton Corners, NY).
"TJC [Transition from Jail to Community] represents an integrated approach spanning organizational boundaries to deliver needed information, services, and case management to people released from jail. Boundary-spanning collaborative partnerships are necessary because transition from jail to the community is neither the sole responsibility of the jail nor of the community. Accordingly, effective transition strategies rely on collaboration among jail- and community-based partners and joint ownersh... Read More

2016
Document 032752
Agenda Jail PIO Network Meeting [Proceedings]
By Albert, Karen . National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
The Public Information Officer (PIO) plays a vital role in local jails. The public’s perception/misperception of jail operations can influence public safety, funding, elections and numerous other factors. Responding to media inquiries regarding crisis situations is just one of the many roles of the PIO. Building a positive rapport with the media, taking control of your message, and conveying your mission are priority tasks for a PIO. The Jail Public Information Officers Network Meeting provides ... Read More

17 pages
2015
Document 029745
Incarceration's Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America
By Subramanian, Ram; Delaney, Ruth; Roberts, Stephen; Fishman, Nancy; McGarry, Peggy. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Safety and Justice Challenge (Chicago, IL). Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
"Local jails, which exist in nearly every town and city in America, are built to hold people deemed too dangerous to release pending trial or at high risk of flight. This, however, is no longer primarily what jails do or whom they hold, as people too poor to post bail languish there and racial disparities disproportionately impact communities of color. This report reviews existing research and data to take a deeper look at our nation’s misuse of local jails and to determine how we arrived at thi... Read More
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56 pages
2015
Document 029746
Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced and Underprotected
By Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams; Ocen, Priscilla; Nanda, Jyoti. Schott Foundation for Public Education (Cambridge, MA). African American Policy Forum (AAPF) (New York, NY); Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies (CISPS) (New York, NY).
This is by far the best resource for information regarding the plight of Black girls in the juvenile justice system. "For girls, as with boys, the failure to receive a high school diploma often places individuals on a pathway to low-wage work, unemployment, and incarceration. The imposition of harsh disciplinary policies in public schools is a well-known risk factor for stunted educational opportunities for Black and Latino boys. Such punishments also negatively affect their female counterpart... Read More
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57 pages
2015
Document 029930
The Price of Jails: Measuring the Taxpayer Cost of Local Incarceration
By Henrichson, Christian; Rinaldi, Joshua; Delaney, Ruth. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Safety and Justice Challenge (Chicago, IL). Vera Institute. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
"Jails are far more expensive than previously understood, as significant jail expenditures—such as employee salaries and benefits, health care and education programs for incarcerated people, and general administration—are paid for by county or municipal general funds, and are not reflected in jail budgets. Drawing on surveys from 35 jail jurisdictions from 18 states, this report determined that even the jurisdictions themselves had difficulty pinning down the total cost of their local jail or ja... Read More

36 pages
2015
Document 029983
Jail Inmates At Midyear 2014
By Minton, Todd D.; Zeng, Zhen. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[p]resents estimates of the number of jail inmates at midyear 2014 by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status. This report provides estimates of year-to-year changes from midyear 2000 to midyear 2014 in the number of inmates held, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, and percent of capacity occupied. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on changes in the number of inmates, number of admissions, and weekly turnover rate between 2013 and 201... Read More

18 pages
2015
Document 029975
Franklin County, Ohio: A County Justice and Behavioral Health Systems Improvement Project
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC); Jacob and Valerie Langeloth Foundation (New York, NY). Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
"An extensive data analysis coupled with over 50 in-person interviews with local and state leaders led to the identification of key recommendations for reducing the number of people with behavioral health disorders cycling in and out of jail." Sections of this report include: background; summary of core challenges; funding for behavioral health treatment and services; "Franklin County, OH Criminal System Flow" chart; methodology; sources of data for the analysis chart; assessing behavioral healt... Read More

16 pages
2015
Document 030032
County Jails at a Crossroads: An Examination of the Jail Population and Pretrial Release
By Ortiz, Natalie. National Association of Counties (NACo) (Washington, DC).
"This study is the first to examine the participation of county jails in pretrial release. The report identifies the pretrial status and risk level of the county jail population and variations across counties of different population sizes. Further, this research analyzes the challenges that county jails face with their pretrial and overall jail population. The study details to what extent county jails use community based programs to release pretrial detainees from confinement in jail and supervi... Read More

23 pages
2015
Document 030127
Mortality In Local Jails And State Prisons, 2000–2013 - Statistical Tables
By Ginder, Scott; Noonan, Margaret; Rohloff, Harley. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC); RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC).
"Presents national and state-level data on the number of inmate deaths that occurred in local jails and state prisons, the distribution of deaths across jails, and the aggregate count of deaths in federal prisons. The report presents annual counts and 14-year trends between 2000 and 2013 in deaths in custody. It provides mortality rates per 100,000 inmates in custody in jail or prison; details the causes of death, including deaths attributed to homicide, suicide, illness, intoxication, and accid... Read More

41 pages
2015
Document 031262
Jails in Indian Country, 2014
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This Bulletin presents "findings from the 2014 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2014 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and expected averag... Read More

21 pages
2015
Document 031301
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado, September 28-29, 2015
By Paul, Cheryl McKinney. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Sections of these proceedings are: "Introduction to the National Commission on Correctional Healthcare (NCCHC)" by Brent Gibson; "Identification of Programs of the Major Counties Sheriffs’ Association Members – Designed to Reduce Arrest and/or Incarceration of the Mentally Ill" by Andy Ferguson; "Planning and Implementing Effective Mental Health Services in Jails by David Stephens; "High Liability Inmates" by Henry Reyes; "Open Forum: Hot Topics"; "ACA Certified Corrections Professional (CCP) Pr... Read More

56 pages
2015
Document 031304
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado, March 22 – 24, 2015
By Clem, Connie. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Sections of these proceedings are: "Program Session: Veterans—Courts, Housing, and Programs": "Part 1: Veterans: Considerations for Inmates and Staff" by Dane Collins, and "Part 2. The VA's Veterans Justice Programs and the Veterans Reentry Search Service" by Joel Rosenthal; "Program Session: Restrictive Housing: Step-Down Measures": "Part 1. Douglas County Special Management Unit—Segregation" by Mark Foxall, and "Part 2. Restrictive Housing" by Dane Collins; "Program Session: Re-Entry Programs ... Read More

63 pages
2015
Document 031308
Promising and Innovative Practices for Children of Incarcerated Parents: Arrest through Pre-Adjudication [Webinar]
By Bernstein, Nell; Brant, Jill M.; Carson, Sarah West; Crawford, Greg; Donohue, Patti; Fontaine, Jocelyn; Kroll, Amy; Krupat, Tanya; Ludwig, Amanda; Marion, Asmara; Peterson, Bryce; Still, Wendy; Suhr, Greg. Urban Institute. Children of Incarcerated Parents Project (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"Nearly three million children under the age of 18 have a parent in jail or prison, and millions more have experienced their parents being arrested. Due to their parent’s criminal justice involvement, a growing body of research indicates that these children often experience trauma, family disruption, and the loss of their primary caregiver, which can lead to financial hardship, residential instability, and an array of emotional and behavioral problems. In response, several community-based organi... Read More

272 minutes
2015
Document 031388
Census Of Jails: Population Changes, 1999–2013
By Minton, Todd D.; Ginder, Scott; Brumbaugh, Susan M.; Smiley-McDonald, Hope; Rohloff, Harley. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJA) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "state-level estimates of the number of inmates confined in local jails at year end 2013, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin. This report provides information on changes in the incarceration rate, average daily population, admissions, expected length of stay, rated capacity, percent of capacity occupied, and inmate-to-correctional officer ratios. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on the number of inmates confined to jail and persons admitted to jail during 20... Read More

22 pages
2015
Document 031389
Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2015
By Wagner, Peter; Rabuy, Bernadette. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
This report is an incredible resource for individuals needing or wanting a concise and easy to understand resource about the number of people incarcerated in the United States, the type of correctional facility they are held in, and for what crime. It answers the questions of whether the United States has "1.4 million or more than 2 million people in prison? And do the 636,000 people released every year include the people getting out of local jails? Frustrating questions like these abound becaus... Read More

7 pages
2015
Document 031399
Can Jails and Prisons be Healed?
By Innes, Chris. Healing Corrections (Traverse City, MI).
This paper expertly describes the Healing Corrections Framework. "The Healing Corrections Framework focuses on the nuts and bolts of the organizational cultures of jails and prisons, how they work, and ways to transform them. It assumes that the primary vehicle for transforming corrections is through meeting the needs of correctional staff to better equip them to work with each other and with those they supervise in jails, prisons, or the community. The logic of this is simple; the work of corre... Read More

33 pages
2015
Document 031407
In Our Own Backyard: Confronting Growth and Disparities in American Jails
By Subramanian, Ram; Henrichson, Christian; Kang-Brown, Jacob. Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
"Although jails are the “front door” to mass incarceration, there is not enough data for justice system stakeholders and others to understand how their jail is being used and how it compares with others. To address this issue, Vera researchers developed a data tool that includes the jail population and jail incarceration rate for every U.S. county that uses a local jail … The data revealed that, since 1970, the number of people held in jail has increased from 157,000 to 690,000 in 2014—a more th... Read More

32 pages
2015
Document 031427
Correctional Populations In The United States, 2014
By Glaze, Lauren; Kaeble, Danielle; Minton, Todd; Tsoutis, Anastasios. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"This report presents "statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2014, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail. The report describes the size and change in the total correctional population during 2014. It details the downward trend in the correctional population and correctional supervision rate since 2007. It also examines the impact of changes in ... Read More

24 pages
2015
Document 031307
Toolkit for Developing Family-Focused Jail Programs
By Peterson, Bryce; Cramer, Lindsey; Kurs, Emma; Fontaine, Jocelyn. Urban Institute. Children of Incarcerated Parents Project (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"Through no fault of their own, millions of children have been exposed to and affected by the criminal justice system by witnessing their parent being arrested, by seeing their parent in court, or by visiting their parent in jail or prison. Indeed, many of the thousands of adult men and women who are arrested, prosecuted, and incarcerated each year leave behind minor children who must grapple with their parent’s absence for days, months, or years. Although such exposure does not always result in... Read More

19 pages
2015
Document 031531
Proceedings of the NIC Chief Jail Inspectors Network Meeting, September 2015
By Clem, Connie, recorder. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Participants represent state agencies that have responsibility for inspection and auditing of local correctional facilities. Some agencies have oversight for juvenile as well as adult corrections or for any agency with sworn officers. Meeting topics: "Session I: Hospital Security Detail" by Mark W. Radcliff; "Session II: Conducting Effective Audits/Inspections" by Larry Reid; "Session III: Objective Jail Classification" by Shannon Herklotz and Jackie Semmler; "Session IV: Legal Issues"" by Carri... Read More

25 pages
2014
Document 028230
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado, March 23 – 25, 2014
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Sections of these proceedings are: about this meeting; meeting highlights; "I.L.P.: Intelligence-Led Policing in a Detention Environment" by Ed Beckman; "Segregation of High Risk Medical and Mentally Ill Inmates": "Part 1. Segregation of High Risk Medical and Mentally Ill Inmates" by Herbert L. Bensen", and "Part 2. Successful Practices in Preventing Inmate Suicide" by Jack Herron; "Staff Misconduct" by Wendell France; "Crisis Intervention Teams" by Shayne Grannum; "Counterfeiting and Jails: The... Read More
PDF
58 pages
2014
Document 027253
PREA Audit Instrument – Prisons and Jails
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“These documents comprise the instrument that auditors will use to audit the U.S. Department of Justice's PREA Standards for Prisons and Jails, pending final revisions.” Elements comprising this instrument are: “Process Map” describing the audit process from start to finish; “Checklist of Documentation”; “Pre-Audit Questionnaire”; “Auditor Compliance Tool” used to determine PREA compliance; “Instructions for PREA Audit Tour” of the facility; “Interview Protocols” for Agency Head or Designee, Wa... Read More
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2014
Document 028153
Jail Time and Violent Juvenile Offenders
By Eckholm, Erik; Lavy, Jody Kent; Downing, Paul; Freed, David; Bishop, Jeanne. On Point Radio (Boston, MA).
If you are interested in the sentencing of juveniles to life imprisonment you should listen to this excellent radio program. "Fighting for life without parole for young offenders. Tough states do not want to back down – or re-open old cases … For years, courts tried such minors as adults. Many were given tough life sentences. Then the U.S. Supreme Court said no. Said children – even underage killers – deserve a chance at redemption. No mandatory life sentences without parole. Now states are... Read More
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46 minutes
2014
Document 028148
Legal Issues in Jails, 2014
By Lynch, Terrance; Hodsdon, Rick; Hill, Carrie. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Legal issues that impact jails are covered. Topics covered include: basics of the civil litigation process and jail liability reduction strategies; supervisor liability; Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA) and "the sincerity test"; searches; the Affordable Care Act (ACA); national origin discrimination as applied to "limited-English proficient" (LEP) inmates; use of force; Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA); duty to protect; Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) sample tr... Read More
PDF
222 pages
2014
Document 029510
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado, September 28-30, 2014
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Sections of these proceedings are: about this meeting; "Legal Issues in Today's Jails: Avoiding Civil Liability" by Carrie Hill; "Domestic Threats to Jail Security:" "Part 1. Countering Prisoner Radicalization in the Federal Bureau of Prisons" by Jeff Woodworth; "Part 2. Sovereign Citizens" by Steve Cope; "Prison Rape Elimination Act – Lessons Learned from Early Audits:" "Part 1. PREA: The Riverside Regional Jail Authority Experience" by Jeffery Newton; "Part 2. Surviving the PREA Audit" by Mari... Read More
PDF
53 pages
2014
Document 029518
Evaluation of the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative Reentry Programs: Findings and Recommendations
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Bieler, Sam.; Kim, KiDeuk. Allegheny County Jail Collaborative (Pittsburgh, PA); Allegheny County Bureau of Corrections (Pittsburgh, PA). Urban Institute (New York, NY).
"This study evaluates two of Allegheny County (PA)’s programs to improve the successful reintegration of jail inmates following their return to the community. Both programs were designed to reduce re-offending through the use of risk/needs assessment, coordinated reentry planning, and the use of evidence-based programs and practices." Six sections follow an executive summary: introduction; study design; fidelity assessment findings and implications; impact evaluation analysis and findings; summa... Read More
WEB
70 pages
2014
Document 029624
Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013
By Glaze, Lauren E.; Kaeble, Danielle. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "statistics on offenders supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2013, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in prison or local jail. The report provides the size and change in the total correctional population during 2013. It details the slowing rate of decline in the population since 2010 and the downward trend in the correctional supervision rate since 2007. It also examines the impac... Read More
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14 pages
2014
Document 029615
Reading on the Inside: Programs Help Incarcerated Parents Connect with Their Children through Books
By Cottrell, Megan. americanlibrariesmagazine.org (Chicago, IL).
This article describes the Read to Me program. Read to Me, "is one of at least half a dozen around the country that helps incarcerated parents connect with their children at home by making a recording of themselves reading a children’s book. The parents are allowed to send the book and recording to their child, and they can often read the book during an in-person visit as well" (p. 46). This program received the coveted Marshall Cavendish Excellence in Library Programming Award. This article inc... Read More
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4 pages
2014
Document 029820
Health Coverage and County Jails: Suspension vs. Termination
National Association of Counties (NACo) (Washington, DC).
"Medicaid allows for—and the federal government encourages—continued eligibility for coverage for a person who is incarcerated. Although the ACA [Affordable Care Act] did not address suspension versus termination, for states that are expanding Medicaid the number of inmates eligible for coverage will increase dramatically and the benefits to counties of suspending instead of terminating their coverage will be substantial" (p. 1). This brief addresses issues associated with suspending Medicaid co... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2014
Document 029881
Questions & Answers: The Affordable Care Act and County Jails
By Rowings, Kathy; Whitacre, Andrew; Gilmore, Maeghan. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). National Association of Counties (NACo) (Washington, DC).
"The implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has set off reforms in health care systems across the country, including in county jails … Many of those who cycle in and out of county jails may now be able to obtain health insurance through the Health Insurance Marketplace or expanded Medicaid. County jails are therefore in a unique position to connect those in their custody with health insurance during pretrial detention or prior to discharge. Evidence suggests this could contribute to red... Read More

4 pages
2014
Document 031541
What Works? Short-Term, In-Custody Treatment Programs
By Lizama, Jaslene; Matthews, Vikram; Reyes, Sean. California State University. Center for Public Policy (Fullerton, CA).
"Assessing the effectiveness of in-custody treatment programs is essential in the correctional system to appropriately allocate resources and reduce offender recidivism rates. With California passing AB 109, “2011 Public Safety Realignment”, it becomes imperative to understand the characteristics and principles of effective rehabilitation programing. Treatment programs that follow the core principles of the Risk-Needs-Responsivity model are found to be effective and to significantly decrease rec... Read More

28 pages
2014
Document 027878
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado, September 15 – 17, 2013
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Sections of these proceedings are: about this meeting; meeting highlights; “The Affordable Care Act: Health Care Reform and Jails” by Donna Strugar-Fritsch; “Handling Corrections Staff Wellness/Performance Issues: From Corrections Fatigue to Fulfillment” by Caterina G. Spinaris and Micheal D. Denhof; “Prison Rape Elimination Act: The Outlook for Facility Audits” by Joshua C. Delaney and Dee Halley; PREA Panel Discussion by Don Pinkard, Jeffery Newton, and Art Wallenstein; “Legal Issues in Jails—... Read More
PDF
48 pages
2014
Document 028319
Jails in Indian Country, 2013
By Minton, Todd D.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents "findings from the 2013 Survey of Jails in Indian Country, an enumeration of 79 jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. This report examines the trends from 2000 to 2013 in the number of adults and juveniles held, type of offense, number of persons confined on the last weekday in June, peak population, average daily population, admissions in June, and expected average ... Read More
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19 pages
2014
Document 027704
Inmate Behavior Management: Guide to Meeting Basic Needs
By Hoke, Scott; Demory, Randy. NIC-TA#10J74GKD7. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Jails Division (Washington, DC).
"Experience has shown that if a jail does not meet the basic human needs of inmates, the inmates will find a way to satisfy their needs in ways that may be unfavorable to the orderly operation of the jail. Understanding what motivates human behavior provides jail administrators with a very useful tool for managing inmates since it helps explain both good inmate behavior and bad. This document not only provides guidance to jail practitioners as they implement this element, but it also provides se... Read More
PDF
76 pages
2014
Document 028094
The Treatment of Persons with Mental Illness in Prisons and Jails: A State Survey
By Torrey, E. Fuller; Zdanowicz, Mary T.; Kennard, Aaron D.; Lamb, H. Richard; Eslinger, Donald F.; Biasotti, Michael C.; Fuller, Doris A.. Treatment Advocacy Center (Arlington, VA).
“Prisons and jails have become America’s “new asylums”: The number of individuals with serious mental illness in prisons and jails now exceeds the number in state psychiatric hospitals tenfold. Most of the mentally ill individuals in prisons and jails would have been treated in the state psychiatric hospitals in the years before the deinstitutionalization movement led to the closing of the hospitals, a trend that continues even today. The treatment of mentally ill individuals in prisons and jail... Read More
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116 pages
2014
Document 027950
Solitary Confinement and Risk of Self-harm Among Jail Inmates
By Kaba, Fatos; Lewis, Andrea; Glowa-Kollisch, Sarah; Hadler, James; Lee, David; Alper, Howard; Selling, Daniel; MacDonald, Ross; Solimo, Angela; Parsons, Amanda; Venters, Homer.
“Those who harm themselves while in solitary confinement may be diverted from that punitive setting to a therapeutic setting outside solitary confinement, which may provide an incentive for self-harm. The purpose of this analysis was to better understand the complex risk factors associated with self-harm and consider whether patients might be better served with innovative approaches to their behavioral issues” (p. 442). Self-harm is strongly linked to being in solitary confinement. “Inmates puni... Read More
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6 pages
2013
Document 027132
Prison and Jail Grievance Policies
University of Michigan Law School (Ann Arbor, MI).
“This list links to grievance polices for every state prison system, and a number of jails, organized by state. Private prison grievance policies appear at the bottom of the list. Many of these policies were first gathered for the briefs filed in Jones v. Bock and Williams v. Overton, in the U.S. Supreme Court, by Yale Law School's Jerome N. Frank Legal Services Organization. Those briefs … are good resources for discussion of inmate grievance policies nationwide.”... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027705
Inmate Behavior Management: Defining and Conveying Expectations
By Hoke, Scott. NIC-10J74GKD7. National institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
A comprehensive management system, called Inmate Behavior Management (IBM) is being rolled out by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). It is comprised of six specific elements that work together to control inmate behavior and produce an effective and proficient institution. This document explains “Element 4: Defining and Conveying Expectations for Behavior”. “It is intended to: Review what is known about how positive expectations influence behavior; Identify what concepts are important ... Read More
ZIP
48 pages + supplement (95 pages)
2013
Document 027915
Stories of Transition: Men and Women in the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative’s Reentry Program
By Moushey, Bill. Allegheny County Dept. of Human Services (ACDHS) (Pittsburgh, PA).
This report is written for those individuals working with ex-offenders reentering the community. They are people who want “to understand what the experience of reentry is like for the people behind the statistics — the men and women who are in the midst of their transition from jail … to hear their stories, including the struggles, their reflections and their advice for others … Their memories of their experiences in jail are still fresh, and they spoke openly with [the author] about the help t... Read More
PDF
21 pages
2013
Document 029537
Condom Distribution in Jail to Prevent HIV Infection
By Leibowitz, Arleen A.; Harawa, Nina; Sylla, Mary; Hallstrom, Christopher C.; Kerndt, Peter R..
"To determine if a structural intervention of providing one condom a week to inmates in the Los Angeles County Men’s Central Jail MSM [men who sex with men] unit reduces HIV transmissions and net social cost, we estimated numbers of new HIV infections (1) when condoms are available; and (2) when they are not … The discounted future medical costs averted due to fewer HIV transmissions exceed program costs, so condom distribution in jail reduces total costs." (p. 2695).... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 026880
Implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act: Toolkit for Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-12RE05GKJ5.. The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
UPDATED 11/26/13: Minor edits. “The goal of this Toolkit is to provide jails of all sizes, political divisions, and geographic locations with a step-by-step guide for preventing, detecting, and eliminating sexual abuse of inmates in their custody – and for responding effectively to abuse when it occurs. Prison rape includes all forms of inmate sexual abuse within a correctional facility, including state and federal prisons, county and municipal jails, police lock-ups, holding facilities, inmate ... Read More
PDF
1 computer file
2013
Document 026951
An Update on Jail Strip Searches of General Population Detainees
“In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 vote, decided Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders, #10-945, 132 S. Ct. 1510, 2012 U.S. Lexis 2712. It changed the landscape, abandoning a focus on the need for a detailed analysis of the presence or absence of reasonable suspicion to justify the carrying out of a strip search. For the Court’s majority, the focus shifted to a less murky dividing line, based on whether an incoming detainee, regardless of what they are charged with or whether there is ... Read More
PDF
9 pages
2013
Document 027702
Inmate Behavior Management: Northampton County Jail Case Study
By Hoke, Scott. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
“Violence, vandalism, and other unwanted inmate behaviors prevail in many jails nationwide, and they frustrate jail practitioners who must ensure the safety and security of inmates, staff and the public … Effectively managing inmate behavior creates a safer environment for the inmates and staff and allows the jail to provide a valuable service to the public. Community safety is enhanced by strong jail management and facilities should aspire to create environments where compliance, respect, and ... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027703
Inmate Behavior Management: Brazos County Jail Case Study
By Hoke, Scott. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
“Violence, vandalism, and other unwanted inmate behaviors prevail in many jails nationwide, and they frustrate jail practitioners who must ensure the safety and security of inmates, staff and the public … Effectively managing inmate behavior creates a safer environment for the inmates and staff and allows the jail to provide a valuable service to the public. Community safety is enhanced by strong jail management and facilities should aspire to create environments where compliance, respect, and ... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 026993
Environmental Scan 2012
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 7th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potent... Read More
PDF
38 pages
2013
Document 027446
Running an Intelligent Jail: A Guide to the Development and Use of a Jail Information System
By Brennan, Tim; Wells, Dave; Carr, John. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This is a must read for anyone involved in working with a jail information system (JIS). “With the increasing focus on cost efficiency and the avoidance of wasteful spending, jail administrators must under¬stand the importance of the potential data at their disposal and strategically plan for faster and more effective forms of data collection, storage, and analysis. [This guide] encourages jail administrators to consider the design and implementation of a jail management information system (MIS)... Read More
PDF
124 pages
2012
Document 026925
Process and Systems Change Evaluation Findings from the Transition to Jail Community Initiative
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Jannetta, Jesse; Dodd, Hannah; Neusteter, S. Rebecca; Warwick, Kevin; Greer, Kaitlin; Matthews, Andrea. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, attention to the challenges associated with people exiting state and federal prisons has increased tremendously. This increased attention is for good reason, as the impact of prisoner reentry on the well-being of individuals, families, and communities is well documented. Yet for every person released from prison annually, approximately 12 people exit local jails … NIC [National Institute of Corrections] launched the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative in 2007 ... Read More
PDF
149 pages
2012
Document 026251
Basics and Beyond: Suicide Prevention in Jails
By Leukefeld, Alison; Brower, Jaime.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Federal Detention Trustee (Washington, DC); U.S. Marshals Service (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC)..
Issues surrounding the prevention of inmate suicide in jails are addressed. This presentation will enable readers to: understand the problem of jail suicide--rates of suicide in certain groups, the decrease in jail suicide rates, what makes jails risky environments, and challenges of prevention; describe suicide risk factors, warning signs, and suicide myths that increase ones risk; and discuss intervention best practices--the qualities of a suicide prevention program (a written suicide preventi... Read More

44 pages
2012
Document 026551
Chief Jail Inspector's Network: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
These proceedings are divided into two parts: Day One—introductions and overview, NIC Information Center, National Sheriff’s Association update, American Correctional Association Jail Standards update, Iowa, Minnesota, and Indiana standards and inspections, U.S. Marshals Service (USMS) update, and “Suicide Prevention: Current Research, Policies and Procedures, and Legal Trends; and Day Two—legal issues in today’s jails, Prison Rape Elimination Act, “Surviving in Hard Times: Marketing the Jail In... Read More
PDF
281 pages
2012
Document 026712
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado September 24-25, 2012
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; media relations—“Being Prepared to Have a Good Relationship” by Karla West; civilianization and volunteer work forces—“Part 1. Reassigning Officer Posts to Civilian Employees” by Art Wallenstein, “Part 2. Issues in Civilianizing Jail Posts” by Steve Kelly, and “Part 3. Using Volunteers in the Jail” by Don Pinkard; the pros and cons of outsourcing services—“Part 1. Outsourcing Services” by Glenn Kurtz, a... Read More
PDF
69 pages
2011
Document 026001
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado September 19-21, 2011
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; meeting highlights; “Recovering the Prince George’s County Jail” by Mary Lou McDonough and Gregory O. Harris; Employee Management—Applicants, Discipline, and Rumor Control—“Preventing and Handling Staff Issues” by Marilyn Chandler Ford and “Steering Through Storms” by Curtis Flowers; Technology Updates—“Pilot Project: Remote Visitation” by Debra Campbell and “Technology: What is Out There?” by Glenn Kur... Read More
PDF
83 pages
2011
Document 026002
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado March 18-20, 2012
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; meeting highlights; “Program Session: Legal Issue Update” by William C. Collins; Program Session: Technology Update” by Glenn Kurtz; “Program Session: Inmate Behavior Management” by Randy Demory; “Program Session: Regulatory Investigations Affecting Jails” by Tim Ryan; open forum; legislation and association news; and Large Jail Network business.... Read More
PDF
89 pages
2011
Document 024960
National Jail Exchange
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); USIS/Labat, Inc. (McLean, VA).
The National Jail Exchange is the journal for the NIC Jails Division. The mission of the National Jail Exchange is to promote and provide a vehicle for the free and open exchange of ideas, information, and innovation among jails professionals. Our belief is that, collectively, professionals are likely to have developed successful strategies to meet challenges that arise. Jails professionals and the local governments, states, communities, staff, and inmates they serve and represent benefit greatl... Read More
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1 page
2011
Document 024981
State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
Anyone concerned with keeping ex-offenders out of prison or jail, be they correctional professionals or concerned community members, should read this publication. “This report seeks to elevate the public discussion about recidivism, prompting policy makers and the public to dig more deeply into the factors that impact rates of return to prison, and into effective strategies for reducing them” (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—recidivism as a performance measure, o... Read More
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42 pages
2011
Document 024806
Jail Design Guide
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This guide “discusses current correctional standards and architectural principles that are important to building a cost-efficient jail to meet a locality’s particular needs” (p. xix). It will be highly useful for anyone involved in the planning, design, and construction of a new jail. Chapters are divided into four parts - getting started, major design considerations, functional components, and special considerations – and include: introduction; predesign planning; site selection and design; ima... Read More
PDF
338 pages
2011
Document 025055
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado March 20-22, 2011
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; meeting highlights; Legal Issues in Jails – 2011 by William C. Collins; Jail Suicide Prevention Workshop with Lindsay Hayes; Effectively Using Data with Policy Makers by Michael Jones; Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Update and Toolkit—A Glance at LJN and PREA by Andie Moss and Recap of Attorney General Meeting on PREA Standards by Mitch Lucas; Leadership Toolkit by Mike Jackson; Association Updates ... Read More
PDF
89 pages
2011
Document 025159
Jail Leadership and Succession Planning Resource Center
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Jail Leadership and Succession Planning Resource Center.
“The goal of the project is to produce ‘user-friendly products which will not only increase knowledge, but give agencies data and tools so they can develop their individual plans to transition mid-managers to leadership. State-of-the-art technology, participation of subject matter experts [and] involvement of national partners’ has been mobilized to ensure the goal of the project is accomplished.” Points of access on this website include: jail leadership; jail mentoring; core competencies; reso... Read More
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2011
Document 027422
The Role of Corrections Professionals in Preventing Suicide
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) (Waltham, MA).
This report discusses the role correctional officers must play in dealing with inmate suicides. Especially, those officers in jails. The suicide rate for local jails is about four times that of the U.S. as a whole with the rate for jails of 100 beds or less being nearly 10 times greater. Sections of this publication cover: inmates and suicide risk; recognizing the warning signs; responding to the warning signs; and procedures addressing suicide prevention in correctional facilities.... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2010
Document 024727
Environmental Scan 2010
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 5th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2010
Document 022668
Jail Planning and Expansion: Local Officials and Their Roles, Second Edition
By Robertson, James R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This publication should be the first that elected officials and other policymakers turn to when developing jail facilities--either a new jail or expansion of an existing jail. All the participants’ roles, decisions they make, and the documents resulting from the process are covered. Sections of this manual explain: what the facility development process is; who the participants in the decision are; what types of decisions must be made; how much time and money are spent on each phase; and the nine... Read More
PDF
62 p.
2010
Document 024308
National Study of Jail Suicide: 20 Years Later
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This report “does more than simply present a calculation of suicide rates. It presents the most comprehensive updated information on the extent and distribution of inmate suicides throughout the country, including data on the changing face of suicide victims. Most important, the study challenges both jail and health-care officials and their respective staffs to remain diligent in identifying and managing suicidal inmates” (p.vii). Five chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; national... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2010
Document 024368
Programs and Activities: Tools for Managing Inmate Behavior
By Martin, Mark D.; Kaledas, Richard J.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This manual not only will provide guidance to practitioners on improving inmate programs, but will also demonstrate that even with minimal resources, correctional professionals can plan, implement, and evaluate programs while realizing the benefits of improved inmate behavior” (p.vi). Four chapters are contained in this publication: the value of keeping jail inmates productively occupied; the administrator’s role in supporting inmate programs and activities; planning, implementing, and evaluati... Read More
PDF
116 p.
2010
Document 025788
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado March 28-30, 2010
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; meeting take-aways in brief; coping skills with and for staff in fiscally tight times; the trend of medical issues in the future; creating a culture of leadership; creative efficiencies in the booking area; R.I.S.E. (ccc) program; legal update; open forum; legislation update, ACA Core Standards, American Correctional Association and American Jail Association news; and LJN business.... Read More
PDF
93 pages
2010
Document 025789
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado September 13-15, 2010
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; meeting take-aways in brief; core jail standards overview; accountability and leadership; accountability and leadership; battling complacency in line staff and first-level supervisors; managing staff medical leave; American Correctional Association and American Jail Association news and legislative update; addressing staff/inmate fraternization; substance abuse and self awareness; open forum; announceme... Read More
PDF
81 pages
2009
Document 026018
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals in Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws prohibiting the sexual abuse of individuals in jails.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 026019
State Criminal Laws Prohibiting Sexual Abuse of Individuals Under Correctional Supervision: Consent as a Defense
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washigton, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This map shows those states that do or do not have laws addressing the issue of consent in a relationship between staff and inmates.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2009
Document 024373
Emergency Preparedness Self-Audit Checklist for Smaller Jails [and] Emergency Preparedness Self-Audit Checklist for Larger Jails
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Anyone preparing for an audit of their jail will find one of these check lists indispensable. This collection contains two chapters from “A Guide to Preparing for and Responding to Jail Emergencies: Self-Audit Checklists, Resource Materials, Case Studies” (NIC no. 023494): “Section 3--Emergency Preparedness Self-Audit Checklist for Smaller Jails”; and “Section 4--Emergency Preparedness Self-Audit Checklist for Larger Jails”.... Read More
ZIP
77 p. [14 p., 63 p.]
2009
Document 024559
Chief Jail Inspectors' Network Meeting Proceedings, 2009
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Proceedings from the 11th annual two day Chief Jail Inspectors' Meeting are presented. Topics discussed include: meeting overview and highlights; introduction; ACA CORE Standards update; NSA Committee update; federal agency update; New Jersey Information System; Ohio report—changes ahead for Ohio jails; data collection; construction trends; alternatives to incarceration; Justice Policy Institute article—“Jailing Communities”; doing everything with nothing; NIC update; Jail Transition/Reentry to ... Read More
PDF
182 p.
2009
Document 023494
A Guide to Preparing for and Responding to Jail Emergencies: Self-Audit Checklists, Resource Materials, Case Studies
By Schwartz, Jeffrey A.; Barry, Cynthia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LETRA, Inc. (Campbell, CA).
This guide “will be broadly useful to U.S. jails in planning for crises, emergencies, and natural disasters and in developing the appropriate response capacities to cope with these events where they cannot be prevented” (p. vi). Six sections are contained in this publication: introduction; conducting an audit; Emergency Preparedness Self-Audit Checklist for Smaller Jails; Emergency Preparedness Self-Audit Checklist for Larger Jails; resource materials—leadership issues during crises, prevention ... Read More
PDF
180 p.
2009
Document 022722
Jail Capacity Planning Guide: A Systems Approach
By Bennett, David M.; Lattin, Donna. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
“This guide helps readers better understand the variables applied in jail capacity forecasting, provides more detail about the development of the jail snapshot (a jail assessment) and case-processing study (an analysis of adjudication decisions and timelines), and offers a framework for assessing key population management strategies across the system” (p. viii). Seven chapters comprise this publication: getting started; system assessment—jail population management strategies; the jail snapshot; ... Read More
PDF
81 p.
2009
Document 025787
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting Aurora, Colorado September 21-23, 2009
By Clem, Constance. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC); Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO).
Sections contained in these proceedings include: about this Large Jail Network (LJN) meeting; PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) overview; Successful pre-trial release and criminal justice system collaborations; national legislation and policy update; ADA, CRIPA, and LEP (Americans with Disabilities Act, Civil Rights if Institutionalized Persons Act, and limited-English-speaking persons); middle management training programs for jail professionals; social media in jails; open forum; and LJN busin... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2009
Document 023882
Inmate Behavior Management: The Key to a Safe and Secure Jail
By Hutchinson, Virginia; Keller, Kristin; Reid, Thomas. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This guide “presents six key elements that, in combination, will help jails reduce a wide array of negative, destructive, and dangerous inmate behavior” (p. v). These elements are: assessing risk and needs; assigning inmates to housing; meeting inmates’ basic needs; defining and conveying expectations for inmate behavior; supervising inmates; and keeping inmates productively occupied.... Read More
PDF
16 p.
2009
Document 023878
Large Jail Network Meeting, March 29-31. 2009, Aurora, Colorado
By Clem, Constance. Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; meeting take-aways in brief; illegal alien programs; proactive discipline, part 2; PREA update; intersex and transgender issues; Legal Issues in Jails--2009; open forum; announcements; LJN business; final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
61 p.
2008
Document 024066
Large Jail Network Meeting, September 24-26, 2008, Aurora, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Topics discussed include: strategies for the promotion of staff to jail management positions; faith-based programs in the correctional environment—whether the pros outweigh the cons and programming; emerging technologies—radio interoperability, biometrics, global positioning system (GPS), radio frequency identification (RFID), detection, telemedicine, information sharing, and mapping; proactive discipline—maintaining organizational effectiveness and how to get people to perform for you; and an o... Read More
PDF
67 p.
2008
Document 022666
Managing Risk in Jails
By Martin, Mark D.; Reiss, Claire Lee. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"This manual will help jails both to understand risk and its implication for jails and to develop a formal, effective risk management program that uses all of the jail's basic resources (i.e., human, financial, property, partners, and reputation" (p. v). Chapters following an introduction are: understanding risk and its implications for jails; jail risk management issues and strategies; developing a risk management program; and organizational investments for managing risk. Appendixes provide re... Read More
PDF
91 p.
2008
Document 022990
Large Jail Network Meeting, March 2-4, 2008, Aurora, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; key themes; session highlights; opening remarks; open forum; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement 287(g) Program; contract services; media relations; workforce development; Legal Issues in Jails--2008; LJN business; final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
84 p.
2008
Document 023331
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative
Urban Institute (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative is described. “The TJC initiative is designed to advance coordinated and collaborative relations between jails and local communities to address reentry, leading to enhanced public safety, reduced recidivism, and improved individual reintegration processes” (p.1). Sections of this document are: introduction; jail transition—challenges and opportunities; the TJC model; system-level elements—leadership, vision, and organizational culture, colla... Read More
PDF
8 p.
2008
Document 023357
Our System of Corrections: Do Jails Play a Role in Improving Offender Outcomes?
By Christensen, Gary E.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
"This document will review the role of jails and incarceration within United States' correctional systems and propose opportunities for jail officials to interact and collaborate with local criminal justice entities with the shared purpose of enhancing long-term public safety" (p. ix). Sections following an abstract include: practice within corrections -- does it work as a system; corrections within the U.S. -- the current context; evidence-based practice -- the effectiveness of criminal sancti... Read More
PDF
43 p.
2007
Document 021925
Sheriff's Guide to Effective Jail Operations
By Martin, Mark D.; Katsampes, Paul. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"This guide provides an overview of the sheriff's roles and responsibilities with regard to the jail along with basic information on critical aspects of jail operations and management" (p. v). This publication is comprised of the following seven chapters: role, purpose, and characteristics of the jail; sheriff's roles and responsibilities; providing effective leadership and support for the jail; liability and standards; jail physical plant; critical aspects of jail operations; and so much to le... Read More
PDF
54 p.
2007
Document 022298
Large Jail Network Meeting, January 28-30, 2007, Longmont, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; “Reflecting on 15 Years of the Large Jail Network” by David Parrish and Art Wallenstein; “Open Forum: Hot Topics for Discussion”; “Using the NIC Corrections Community LJN Forum” by Joshua Stengel; “Large Jail Systems Assessment Project” by James Austin; “Legal Issues Update” by Bill Collins; “Improving Collaboration Between Corrections & Mental Health Systems” by Fred Osher and Seth Prins; “Diagnosing Organizational Culture” by Carol Flaher... Read More
PDF
50 p.
2007
Document 022299
Winter 2007 Newsletter for NIC's Large Jail Network
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This newsletter provides current information from the National Institute of Corrections Large Jail Network. Sections cover: Network's mission statement and goals; William Collins, attorney; James Austin, Ph.D.; Carol Flaherty-Zonis; Fred C. Osher, M.D.; "Improving Collaboration Between Corrections & Mental Health Systems"; mentor reminder; national study on suicides; Seth Prins; and "Reflecting on 15 Years of the Large Jail Network" by David Parrish and Art Wallenstein.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
2007
Document 022247
Facility Planning to Meet the Needs of Female Inmates
By Elias, Gail. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This bulletin "discusses how jurisdictions of all sizes can consider and address the gender-specific needs of female inmates during the facility planning process." Sections contained in this bulletin are: introduction; the female inmate population; the impact of jail size; target population; predesign issues; master planning; prearchitectural programming; consider a regional approach; design issues; and a last word -- this publication focuses on facility planning not program and service develop... Read More
PDF
20 p.
2007
Document 022180
Jail Standards and Inspection Programs: Resource and Implementation Guide
By Martin, Mark D.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
“The purpose of this guide is to give information that will help states and state jail-related organizations to develop or update jail standards and inspection programs" (p. v). This publication contains the following sections: introduction; role and purpose of jail standards; jail standards and liability; key elements of jail standards and inspection programs; strategies for developing and implementing jail standards programs; technical assistance and resources available from the National Insti... Read More
PDF
64 p.
2007
Document 021826
How to Collect and Analyze Data: A Manual for Sheriffs and Jail Administrators
By Elias, Gail. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Voorhis Associates (Lafayette, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Anyone who needs to gather and analyze data concerning various jail-related issues will find this manual useful. This document provides guidance on how information can fuel policy decision making. Chapters comprising this guide are: introduction; good management requires good information; information that should be collected; preparing for the data collection; how to locate and capture information; how to put it all together; how to analyze information; how to interpret information; sharing info... Read More
PDF
220 p.
2007
Document 022570
Jails and the Constitution: An Overview
By Collins, William C.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
This publication "reviews the history of correctional law and summarizes the results and effects of major court decisions" (p. 4). Sections comprising this document include: introduction; history of court involvement; corrections and the Constitution in a new century; the Constitution and the physical plant; understanding Section 1983 lawsuits; how courts evaluate claims -- the balancing test; the First Amendment; the Fourth Amendment; the Eighth Amendment -- overview; the 8th Amendment -- use ... Read More
PDF
93 p.
2007
Document 022676
LJN Exchange, Annual Issue 2007; Large Jail Network Exchange, Annual Issue 2007
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
This issue contains: “Foreword” By Richard Geaither; “An Interview with NIC Jails Division Chief Virginia Hutchinson” by Connie Clem; “Applying New Vulnerability Assessment Tools in Hennepin County” by Mike Wresh; “Controlling Inmate Population Size: A Case Study of 20 Years of Success” by Marilyn Chandler Ford; “The Criminal Registration Unit: Hillsborough County’s Answer to an Unfunded Mandate” by Jimmy Compton and David M. Parrish; “No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Reta... Read More
PDF
56 p.
2007
Document 022599
Large Jail Network Meeting, September 24-26, 2007, Aurora, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Aurora, CO).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; key themes; session highlights; opening remarks; open forum; reentry partnerships; reentry programs in jails; excited delirium/acute behavioral disturbance (ED/ABD); women offender issues; the continuing evolution of the Large Jail Network (LJN); final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
74 p.
2007
Document period315
Managing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Inmates: Is Your Jail Ready?
By Leach, Donald L., II. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The management of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex inmates (LGBTI) in a jail setting is addressed. Sections contained in this article are: a terminology lesson; the sexual being -- physiognomy, gender identity, and sexual orientation; and responses in the jail regarding medical care, data systems, security, housing, and clothing.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2006
Document 013923
Cost Effective In-Service Training Alternatives for Small Jails
By Reid, Tom. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Minnesota Jail Resource Center (St. Paul, MN); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"This Training Resource Package recommends several cost-effective methods of providing in-service training for existing staff (p.3)." Sections of this document include: theme--if it meets all the requirements of "Defendable Training," it is training; executive summary; introduction; needs; training delivery options--in-service field training, shift overlap training delivery sessions, experiential training, shift scenario reviews, staff independent studies programs, training presentations during ... Read More
PDF
16 p.
2006
Document 021140
Environmental Scan Update - 2005
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Changes and forces that may affect the programming of the National Institute of Corrections are analyzed and commented on. This update contains the following sections: international developments; social and demographic trends; public opinion and public policy; the economy and government spending; the workforce; technology; crime and justice trends; and corrections populations and trends.... Read More
PDF
25 p.
2006
Document 021279
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting - January 2006
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; Report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics by Allen Beck; Discussion: PREA in Local Jails; Statistical Analysis: Crowding, Life Safety, and Managing Staff by Patrick Jablonski and Scott Bradsteet; Succession Planning: Executives and Middle Management by Gordon Bass, Dennis Williams, and Richard Geaither; Is There a Proper Place for Tasers in the Use of Force Continuum? by John Clark, William Collins, and Don Leach; Discussion: Use of Taser... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2006
Document 021280
Jail Site Evaluation and Selection
By Ricci, Ken. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Guidance is provided for successfully identifying, evaluating, and selecting jail sites. This bulletin contains the following sections: case study -- why systematic jail site selection is important; the SEQRA (state environmental quality review act) model; preliminary considerations; five-step site selection process; case study -- the cost of overreacting to public concerns; case study -- an example of rural site selection; case study -- an example of jail expansion on an urban site; case study... Read More
PDF
16 p.
2006
Document 021328
Building Community Support for New Jail Construction
By Elias, Gail. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The process of building community support for a new jail is explained. Sections comprising this bulletin include: the challenge; raising the issue; increasing public awareness; going public with the problem; building a case or support; a picture is worth a thousand words; going public with the information; elements of a case for support; developing campaign strategies; potential stakeholders; case study -- when impact assessments go right and wrong; case study -- a multilevel strategy for a com... Read More
PDF
23 p.
2006
Document 021455
Prison Rape Elimination Act: Implications for Sheriffs: The Facts
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
This brochure explains the impact of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) on jails. Topics discussed include: what PREA is; how PREA applies to jails; the purpose of PREA; what jails need to be doing; and answers to frequently asked questions.... Read More
PDF
8 p.
2006
Document 021711
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting - July 2006
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; "Open Forum: Hot Topics for Discussion"; "Understanding Culture: The Root of It All" by Carol Flaherty-Zonis; "NIC Information Center Briefing" by Sandy Schilling and Josh Stengel; "Analyzing Our culture to Improve Our Jail" by Mark Foxall; "Changing the Jail's Organizational Culture" by Robert Green; "Planning for Catastrophes and Other Emergencies" by Jeffrey Schwartz; "Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) and Jails" by Larry Solomon; "Cr... Read More
PDF
64 p.
2005
Document 021153
Fees Paid by Jail Inmates: Fee Categories, Revenues, and Management Perspectives in a Sample of U.S. Jails
By Krauth, Barbara; Stayton, Karin; Clem, Connie, ed.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Information regarding fees collected by U.S. jails for program participation and non-program services is presented. For each category of inmate fee, "a summary of the data on the extent to which responding agencies are collecting fees in the category, the number of agencies considering collecting fees in the category, and the total revenues reported by all respondents to this survey" is provided (p. 4). The most effective fee according to jail managers was the work release fee. The least effecti... Read More
PDF
113 p.
2005
Document 020508
Summary Report: Regional Workshops
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
Feedback from four executive level regional workshops regarding the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) is reported. Extended responses from groups of executive-level administrators and policy makers representing community corrections, prisons, jails, and juvenile justice follow an executive summary. Comments are organized according to the four roundtable groups mentioned above on following themes: critical issues currently faced in the successful implementation of PREA; barriers and obstacles w... Read More
PDF
27 p.
2005
Document 020756
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting - July 2005
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings are: meeting highlights; "Inmate Labor: Entitlements, Benefits, and Regulations" by Rod Miller; "Social Security Administration: Inmate Reporting and Incentive Payments" by Diane Nest; "Re-Entry From Jail and Federal Benefits" by Katherine Brown; "SSI and Medicare Disability Payments for Inmates" by Don Ketcham; "Third Party Reimbursement Potential" by Phil Hoelscher; "The Character Quality Program" by Cliff Uranga and Argyl Dick; "Ethics and Professionalism: Th... Read More
PDF
79 p.
2005
Document 020746
Project Guide: Design Review
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ).
"[E]specially useful during schematic design, "this pamphlet offers assistance through the often challenging design review process (p. 7). Sections of this booklet are: how to use this project guide; Tribal involvement from project initiation through occupancy; who is involved in design review?; reading architect's drawings; saving time and money; Jail Design Review Checklist; and getting it right.... Read More
PDF
18 p.
2005
Document 020263
Correctional Statistics...In Your State
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
(Updated in 2008) Access to statistics about corrections in the U.S., according to each state, can be found at this website. Statistics (per 100,000) for each state include: crime rates; corrections population; incarceration rate; community corrections--probationers and parolees; cost per inmate; and general information about the state's jails, prisons, and community corrections. Also provided are at-a-glance graphs that compare the state's ranking against other states and the U.S. total.... Read More
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1 p.
2005
Document 020159
Resource Manual for Transition to a New Jail
By Elias, Gail; Milosovich, John. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Voorhis Associates (Lafayette, CO); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
"[T]his resource document will assist agencies starting the process of planning for a successful transition to a new detention facility" (p. iii). Nine chapters comprise this manual: introduction; transitional management; construction; staff/human resources; document development; training and orientation; furniture, fixtures, equipment, and supplies; move logistics; and transition themes of managing change and community relations.... Read More
PDF
210 p.
2005
Document 020417
The Gender-Responsive Strategies Project: Jail Applications
By McCampbell, Susan W.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Current research about women offenders and strategies for evaluating current operating procedures related to women offenders are covered. Sections of this bulletin include: introduction; women in jail -- their numbers and characteristics; the Gender-Responsive Strategies project -- approach and findings; six gender-responsive guiding principles -- implications for jail administrators; jail classification and gender-responsive strategies for implementation in a jail setting; challenges and how t... Read More
PDF
27 p.
2005
Document 020300
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, Winter 2005
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This Large Jail Network meeting took place January 30-February 1, 2005, in Longmont, Colorado. Contents of these proceedings include: NICs Core Competency Model Project: Preparing Leaders in Corrections for the Future by Robert Brown; Training as a Strategic Management Tool by Tom Reid; Legal Issues and Mentally Ill Inmates by Bill Collins; Mental Health Services in Jails: Identifying Problems by Joel A. Dvoskin; Informal Announcements by David Parrish; Mental Health Issues: Open Forum Discussio... Read More
PDF
67 p.
2004
Document 020030
Resource Guide for Jail Administrators
By Martin, Mark D.; Rosazza, Thomas A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
A guide "developed to enhance the leadership skills, knowledge, and capabilities of jail administrators on issues of basic jail administration" is presented (p. v). Fourteen chapters comprise this guide: introduction; role, purpose, and characteristics of the jail; administration; facilities; staffing and scheduling; staff recruiting, selection, and retention; staff training; security, safety, and emergency preparedness; inmate behavior management; inmate discipline and grievance; special manag... Read More
PDF
305 p.
2004
Document 019466
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, February 2004
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; Domestic Preparedness and the Impact on Large Jails by Sue Menser; meeting participants discussion of issues; Role of the Jail in Public Health Policy by Don Leach; MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Areus by Dennis Williams; response by jail and public health officials to contagious disease emergencies; National Sheriffs Association: Weapons of Mass Destruction Initiative: Jail Evacuation Planning and Implementation by Mike Jack... Read More
PDF
49 p.
2004
Document 020858
2003 Environmental Scan Update
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Changes and forces that may affect the programming of the National Institute of Corrections are analyzed and commented on. This environmental scan is comprised of the following sections: international developments; social and demographic trends; the economy; governmental spending; public attitudes and public policy; the workforce; technology; crime and justice tends; and corrections population and trends.... Read More
PDF
15 p.
2004
Document 019572
Facility Development: Needs Assessment & Pre-Design Planning RFP Checklist [and] Planning & Design RFQ and RFP Checklist
By Robertson, James. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO); Voorhis/Robertson Justice Services, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
In this compilation of three documents, critical elements to include in a needs assessment and planning services RFP and an architectural planning and design RFP or RFQ (Request for Qualifications) are identified. Issuing a separate RFP for needs assessment and facility planning services instead of combining this RFP with an RFP for architectural services is because "functional programming dictates facility design" (p. 2). Each document contains an overview of RFP content, checklist questions, a... Read More
PDF
32 p.
2003
Document 016368
Policy and Procedures Development
By Bounds, Bruce. National Institute of Corrections Jail Center (Boulder, CO).
Guidelines for the creation of mission statements, policies, and procedures are presented. The contents of this document include: critiques of individual policies for inmate rules and regulations, commissary orders, reporting of maintenance problems, and night lock-up of residents; mission statement -- definition, rationale, and development criteria; policy and procedures -- definitions and rationale; policy and procedure content elements; policy construction criteria; procedure construction cri... Read More
PDF
18 p.
2003
Document 018966
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2003
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
These proceedings are comprised of: Highlights of the Meeting Sessions; Stay Awake or You Will Trip Over the Future by Tom Esensten; Video Presentation: Beyond the Myths: Jails in Your Community introduced by Virginia Hutchinson; Defining the Future and Exploring Organizational Strategies by Esensten: Future Trends and Their Impact on Jail Management by Marilyn Chandler Ford; Jail Population Growth: Sources of Growth and Stability by Allen Beck; Jail Standards and Accreditation: Are There Still ... Read More
PDF
55 p.
2003
Document 019259
Issues in Jail Operations, 2003: Perspectives from State Jail Inspection Agencies
By Clem, Connie; Sheanin, Dave. National Institution of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
"[A]reas in which jails tend to be deficient, suggesting the need for new or revised forms of NIC assistance" are identified (p.2). Issues examined include: age of facilities; accreditation; compliance with policy and procedure standards; adequacy of policy and procedure manuals; adequacy of staffing; staff turnover; compliance with staffing standards; compliance with staff training standards; exceeding capacity; coordinating councils; pretrial services programs; availability of specific pretria... Read More
PDF
27 p.
2003
Document 018696
Beyond the Myths: The Jail in Your Community
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This resource provides a foundation for the efforts of sheriffs and jail administrators to provide the public information about jails generally, their jails specifically, and the need for community interest in local jail issues. It can also be used to educate prospective jail employees about local detention.
Closed captions are only available in the DVD version.... Read More
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1 DVD (23 min.)
2003
Document 018479
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, February 2003
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; "The Future of Jail Legislation, Resources, and Funding by Michael Thompson; "Legislation, Resources, and Funding: A Perspective From Our Professional Associations" by Stephen Ingley, Jim Gondles, and Tom Faust; open forum discussion with professional associations' representatives; "Handling Legislation and Dealing Effectively with Funding Authorities" by Calvin Lightfoot and Thompson; "The Role of Professional Standards and Internal Aff... Read More
PDF
57 p.
2002
Document 017372
Jail Resource Issues: What Every Funding Authority Needs to Know
By Bowker, Gary M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Basic information about jail operations is provided to contribute to a better understanding of the funding authority's roles and responsibilities regarding the jail. This report contains the following chapters: the jail as a primary function of local government; the purpose of the jail and its role in the local criminal justice system; the jail population; jail litigation and standards; key elements of effective jail operations; and funding authority roles and responsibilities. ... Read More
PDF
34 p.
2002
Document 017673
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 2002
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; issues important to meeting participants; "Diversity Recruitment: Techniques and Community Networking" by Arthur Wallenstein; "Preventing Staff Sexual Misconduct" by Susan McCampbell; "Consular Notification and Access" by Clyde Howard; "Why Corrections Professionals Should Be Concerned With In-Custody ADA Issues" by Timothy Ryan; "Special Needs of Female Inmates" by Richard Rouse, William Montague, Dennis Scheuller, Joe Schmitz, and Brid... Read More
PDF
64 p.
2002
Document 017999
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2002
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; "Cost Containment for Inmate Health Care" by Rebecca Craig; "Taming the Cost of Health Care in Detentions: What Works in San Diego County" by William Sparrow; "Confronting Costs for Medical Care: Open Forum Discussion"; "Increased Medical Costs: Managed Care and Private Contracts" by David Parrish and Dennis Williams; "Public Health and Jails: Challenges and Current Activities" by Roberto Hugh Potter and Dennis Andrews; "Succession Plann... Read More
PDF
65 p.
2002
Document 017627
Budget Guide for Jail Administrators - Part 3: Beyond Budget Allocation - Sources of Funding and Services
By Martin, Mark D.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Designed for jail administrators, this guide describes strategies for identifying, securing, and coordinating jai resources from multiple sources, both internally and externally. Three sections comprise this document: (1) Jail resource types and potential sources -- generating revenue, using the services of other agencies, soliciting donations from the community, and how the jail and community are linked by a common goal; (2) Strategies for securing, coordinating, and managing jail resou... Read More
PDF
22 p.
2002
Document 017875
NIC Broadcast: Mental Illness in Jails Q & A
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
Questions and answers regarding the following topics are provided: deferred prosecution, recidivism, isolation, cost concerns, coordinated efforts, medicating for behavior issues, classification, diversion and mental health courts, jail overcrowding, rehabilitation, privitization, standards of care, assessment tools, treatment review committees, follow-up, stakeholders, case referral, continuity of care, and additional resources.... Read More
PDF
9 p.
2002
Document 017626
Budget Guide for Jail Administrators - Part 1: Developing the Budget
By Martin, Mark D.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Designed for jail administrators, this guide discusses the elements of an effective process for budgeting both capital and operational jail expenses. This document contains the following sections:
  • An effective budget process;
  • Cooperative effort within the budget process;
  • Budget preparation -- information and materials;
  • Jail budget development -- needs assessment, estimating budget expenditures, preparing the budget document, submitting the budget package, presenting the... Read More
PDF
41 p.
2002
Document 017628
Budget Guide for Jail Administrators - Part 2: Managing the Budget
By Martin, Mark D.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Designed for jail administrators, this guide provides an overview of jail budget management, along with relevant responsibilities and strategies. Key aspects of jail budget management examined include:
  • Budget implementation -- developing and using a plan to monitor expenditures;
  • Budget management -- monitoring, managing, and controlling expenditures while garnering support;
  • Jail revenue monitoring and management -- developing revenue plans;
  • Performance monitoring -- es... Read More
PDF
29 p.
2002
Document 017209
Jail Crowding: Understanding Jail Population Dynamics
By Cunniff, Mark A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Steps involved in developing an understanding of jail population dynamics and factors behind jail crowding are delineated. Sections of this report include: executive summary; how can factors behind jail crowding be identified?; key questions to ask in order to understand jail population dynamics; trends that are driving jail population growth; how to forecast future needs; benefits and elements of an effective analytic process; and elements of the analytic process. Appendixes include: "Preventin... Read More
PDF
49 p.
2002
Document 016720
Preventing Jail Crowding: A Practical Guide
By Cushman, Robert C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
An explanation on how to use the jail population analysis formula is offered. This paper looks at: the sources of jail crowding; the dynamics that create changes in jail occupancy levels; swings in jail occupancy levels; a jail population analysis system; reducing the inmate population in a crowded jail; policy choices; and the key to preventing crowding. ... Read More
PDF
12 p.
2002
Document 017925
Staff Sexual Misconduct with Inmates: Policy Development Guide for Sheriffs and Jail Administrators
By McCampbell, Susan W.; Fischer, Larry S.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Innovative Public Policies (Tamarac, FL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Tools to assess an organization and implement strategies to prevent staff sexual misconduct in a jail setting are provided. The following sections comprise this document: introduction; using this guide; how to know if an agency needs a policy -- what staff sexual misconduct is, definitions, red flags, and writing policies and procedures; and agency triage -- administrative and management practices, security and supervision, investigations, and inmate programming.... Read More
PDF
41 p.
2002
Document 018531
Environmental Scan: Reviewing Issues and Forces That Will Influence Strategic Planning of the National Institute of Corrections
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
An analysis of changes and forces that may affect NIC programming in the near future is presented. Seven sections comprise this scan: societal and demographic trends; economic and business developments; workforce issues; public opinion; crime and justice trends; technological developments; and health and mental health.... Read More
PDF
35 p.
2002
Document 019152
The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Disorders in Jails
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
The impacts of offenders with co-occurring disorders upon jails are described. Sections of this document include: jails; mental disorders; receipt of needed mental health services in jails; substance abuse disorders; and co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse disorders.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
2001
Document 016827
Staffing Analysis Workbook for Jails
By Liebert, Dennis R.; Miller, Rod. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
An integrated series of steps that result in a comprehensive and innovative staffing plan is presented. The staffing analysis process involves: jail profiling; net annual work hours calculation; development of a facility activity schedule; staff coverage plan development; completion of a staff summary; schedule development; evaluation, revision, and improvement of the plan; operational costs calculation; report preparation; and implementation of the plan and monitoring of the results. Appendixes... Read More
PDF
43 p.
2001
Document 017521
Correctional Health Care: Guidelines for the Management of an Adequate Delivery System
By Anno, B. Jaye. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Commission on Correctional Health Care (Chicago, IL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
A comprehensive reference that provides guidance in the provision of health services to inmates is presented. This manual contains the following chapters: introduction; historical overview -- the movement to improve correctional health care; legal considerations in the delivery of health care services in prisons and jails; ethical considerations and the interface with custody; the organizational structure of correctional health services; staffing considerations; health care delivery system model... Read More
PDF
570 pages
2001
Document 016687
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 2001
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The primary focus of this meeting was data collection and the management information system (MIS). Contents include: meeting highlights; the use of data for planning, decision making, and measuring outcomes -- Parts I and II; the role of professional associations and their relationship with large jails in the 21st Century; roundtable discussion; legal issues update; future meeting issues; meeting agenda; participant list; and a copy of the "Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of... Read More
PDF
51 p.
2001
Document 017126
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2001
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Two main topics are addressed in these proceedings -- jail statistics from the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and employee-related issues. Contents include: meeting highlights; opening session -- defining the issues of importance to Large Jail Network members; understanding and using the data and resources of the BJS; personal relations among employees; staff sexual misconduct with inmates; announcements by meeting participants; employees with mental health problems; utilizing staff effectiv... Read More
PDF
59 p.
2000
Document 016066
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 2000
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused primarily on topics related to the role of the jail in the local criminal justice system. Contents include: meeting highlights; justice system coordination and cooperation -- how the jail benefits and the system is improved; criminal justice coordination and cooperation; issues in defining and re-defining the jail's mission; role of the jail in contributing to the efficiency of the local criminal justice system; community oriented policing; roundtable discussion of implicati... Read More
PDF
88 p.
2000
Document 016686
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2000
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting looked at marketing, funding, and auditing in large jail systems. Sections contained in this document include: meeting highlights; issues and strategies explored; what marketing the jail means and why do it; identifying creative marketing opportunities; strategies for demonstrating the need for adequate budget resources; identifying undiscovered or under-utilized funding resources; issues for large jail consideration; the jail auditing process -- how it supports jail operations and ... Read More
PDF
37 p.
1999
Document 015366
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 1999
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The meeting primarily dealt with recruiting, hiring, and retraining jail staff. Sessions included: improving opportunities for successful recruitment, selection, and retention of staff; successful/innovative recruitment; improving staff selection; other issues of interest like staffing analysis, problems with stainless steel fixtures, and position announcements; staff retention; NIC study of jail staffing; and a workshop on controlling sexually transmitted diseases in jails. ... Read More
PDF
43 p.
1999
Document 015090
The Courage to Change: A Guide for Communities to Create Integrated Services for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Open Society Institute-New York. Center on Crime, Communities, and Culture (New York, NY).
Written to provide a view of successful principles, this guide offers information on how to develop, implement, finance and sustain programs that integrate the mental health, substance abuse treatment and justice systems for adult and young offenders with co-occurring disorders. The document provides an overview of the emerging landscape and covers start-up and implementation of successful integrated collaborations, financing programs, and sustaining successful programs. Included are appendices ... Read More
PDF
50 p.
1999
Document 017023
Large Jail Network Meeting, January 10-12, 1999, Longmont, Colorado; Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The issues of post-traumatic stress and critical incidents are addressed. Contents of this document include: meeting highlights; post-traumatic stress syndrome and critical incidents -- preparation, response, and review; post-traumatic stress -- the value of peer support; programs that address post-traumatic stress syndrome in employees; standardized emergency management and critical incident command systems; critical incident training -- preparation, response, and review; critical incident res... Read More
PDF
41 p.
1998
Document 014848
Jail Design and Operation and the Constitution: An Overview
By Collins, William C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Constitution protects inmates in jails and prisons, and this paper discusses the continuing challenge of deciding what those protections mean in practice and the struggle to assure that inmate rights are met. "Condition cases" have resulted in courts reducing jail populations and have a great impact on facility design and operation and the cost of operating a jail. Legal issues whose impact are primarily operational are also highlighted. The title: Jails and the Constitution: An Overview (#0... Read More
PDF
77 p.
1998
Document 015061
Jail Design Guide: A Resource for Small and Medium-Sized Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Kimme & Associates, Inc..
Addresses architectural design as it relates to functional components of the jail, discusses overall design considerations, and reviews pre-design planning, renovation, construction costs, and facility transition.... Read More
PDF
372
1998
Document 003285
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 1998
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Presentations and discussions at this meeting of 50 administrators of the largest jails in the country focused on two issues: "Generation X" employees and an update of the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996. Some of the topics covered are: The future of our workforce; Pre-Employment testing and selection; Use of pre-service or in-service training; Generation X employees and how they challenge our role as leaders; Legal update regarding the PLRA; and Key issues for large jail network considerat... Read More
PDF
85 p.
1998
Document 014613
Gangs, Community and Corrections [Videoconference held June 10, 1998]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This is a 2-hour forum on gang-related criminal activity in the community and within the correctional environment. Program objectives are to help viewers: identify gangs and deviant groups; create strategies for interagency collaboration; implement strategies for identification and management of gangs; and understand the impact of gangs on the community. The first half of the program focuses on problems related to gangs in the community. Points addressed include identifying gangs and deviant... Read More
VIDEO
1 DVD (125 min)
1998
Document 014786
Environmental Scan: Factors Potentially Affecting the Management and Operation of Corrections Agencies
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Findings from this scan are grouped into three main sections and range from case processing statistics to discussions of legislative activity to snapshots of correctional issues as they affect state and local agencies. Section 1. Corrections in society, includes such topics as crime rates and victims, media coverage, legislation, and criminal filings. Section 2. Corrections Agency Management and Operations, and Section 3. Special Issues in Corrections, cover topics as follows: legal issues, heal... Read More
PDF
38 p.
1998
Document 014373
Objective Jail Classification Systems: A Guide for Jail Administrators
By Austin, James. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Objective jail classification (OJC) is a process of assessing every jail inmate's custody and program needs and is considered one of the most important management tools available to jail administrators and criminal justice system planners. An effective system of inmate classification will reduce escapes and escape attempts, suicides and suicide attempts, and inmate assaults. OJC systems use locally developed and validated instruments, one at intake and another after a period of confinement, that... Read More
PDF
72 p.
1997
Document 014263
Involving Families in Systems Change: Improving Services for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems: Strategies for Families [and Strategies for Service Providers] Brochures]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Policy Research, Inc. (Delmar, NY).
These brief brochures describe the strategies for families and for service providers that are available through the GAINS Center. Included are examples of success, challenges to involving families, and resources for further information.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
1997
Document 013761
Competency Profile of Jail Primary Booking Officer
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
Developed as a demonstration during the "DACUM Facilitator Training" seminar, April 15-16, 1997 in Longmont, CO, this profile contains in brief form the competencies expected of a jail primary booking officer.... Read More
PDF
3 p.
1997
Document 013768
Women in Jail: Classification Issues
By Brennan, Tim; Austin, James. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The authors examine issues related to classification of female jail inmates by profiling the female inmate population and discussing problems associated with using a single classification system for both male and female inmates or a gender-neutral system. This document also provides guidelines for designing a classification system specifically for women. ... Read More
PDF
23 p.
1997
Document 013914
The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders in the Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
Having a substance abuse disorder is related to a higher likelihood of having a co-occurring mental illness. Similarly, having a mental illness increases the probability of having a co-occurring substance abuse disorder. This paper details the occurrences of both disorders in the nation's jails, prisons, and community corrections agencies.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
1997
Document 014015
Occupational Analysis or DACUM Profiles for Deputy Sheriff I, Deputy Sheriff Shift Commander (Lieutenant), Deputy Sheriff Supervisor (Sergeant), and Inmate Services Counselor I
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Arlington County Sheriff's Offfice (Arlington, VA).
These profiles provide a list of duties and tasks for each of the positions under consideration. Designing a curriculum (DACUM) is a process that analyzes an occupation under consideration; producing a profile describing specific tasks, that workers must perform.... Read More
PDF
15 p.
1997
Document 014209
Cognitive-Behavioral Programs: A Resource Guide to Existing Services
By Van Dieten, Marilyn. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Designed to give correctional practitioners an overview of services available for use with their clients, this resources guide lists cognitive-behavioral programs for males, females, youth, adults, and couples. It covers primary need areas as follows: substance abuse, sex offenses, anger, cognitive skills, employment, relapse prevention, domestic abuse, and criminal attitudes.... Read More
PDF
25 p.
1997
Document 003287
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 1997
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Attended by about 70 administrators of the largest jail systems in the country, this meeting focused on two topics: 1) the use of technology in the jail setting; and 2) sexual misconduct of staff. The highlights addressed the following issues: 21st century technology and its application to local jail information and operational needs; innovative technology applications for internal problems; benefits of technology for inter-government decision-making; identifying and dealing with staff sexual mi... Read More
PDF
115 p.
1997
Document 013682
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 1997
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused on two issues: privatization of correctional facilities and the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996. Ten presenters provide arguments for and against privatization. Political environment, contract terms, personnel, cost of operation, monitoring, and accountability are highlighted. The Prison Litigation Reform Act is explained and commented upon by two attorneys, Lynn Lund and William Collins. Appendices include the meeting agenda and list of participants.... Read More
PDF
52 p.
1997
Document 013916
Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Bartoi, Marla Green. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); University of South Florida. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
The rates of both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders are significantly higher among criminal justice populations than those in the general population. Screening and assessing inmates for these disorders is addressed in this document, with the focus on the instruments available for this work, and how to combine them to screen and assess co-occurring disorders.... Read More
PDF
133 p.
1996
Document 013485
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 1996
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
NIC's Large Jail Network meeting's highlights are presented in this document. The focus of the meeting was the topic of juveniles in adult jails, and among the issues discussed were: effective approaches to handling juveniles in jails; preparing and training staff to manage juvenile offenders; the public health dimension of jail medical services; and community, media, and interagency issues.... Read More
PDF
79 p.
1996
Document 013913
The National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System: Brochures
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Policy Research, Inc. (Delmar, NY).
Five brochures are included in this document, with titles as follows: Jail Diversion/Creating Alternatives for Persons with Mental Illnesses; Addressing the Specific Needs of Women with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System; Treatment of People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System; The National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System; and Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
1996
Document 014055
Parallel Perceptions: Gender, Job Enrichment and Job Satisfaction Among Correctional Officers in Women's Jails
By Stohr, Mary K.; Mays, G. Larry; Lovrich, Nicholas P.; Gallegos, Amanda M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The available research, presented in this document, comparing men and women in correctional occupations suggests that they tend to be more alike than different in their job behaviors and in their perceptions of the workplace. An important difference was discovered. Female staff bring more of a social service orientation to their work than do male staff, coinciding with the movement toward a human service model for corrections work.... Read More
PDF
24 p.
1996
Document 003016
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 1996
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Focusing on issues surrounding deaths in the jail setting, this meeting presented seven seminars, titled: 1. The Dilemma of jail deaths; 2. Overview of dynamics of jail population; 3. Preventing in-custody deaths; 4. Resources available for dying inmates; 5. Community and media relations in the context of in-custody deaths; 6. Coping with staff deaths; and 7. The crime bill and its effect on corrections.... Read More
PDF
44 p.
1996
Document 012888
Jail Facility Site Evaluation and Selection
By Ricci, Kenneth. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This paper discusses the issues associated with finding a site for a new jail and lays out a process of site selection that addresses public fears and the demands of security, economy, and functionality. It details the site selection process in five steps. ... Read More
PDF
27 p.
1995
Document 012722
Podular Direct Supervision Jails: 1995 Directory
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
This document was developed as a resource for those interested in the direct supervision concept of jail design and management. It will help readers locate direct supervision facilities that they may wish to study or contact, and provides basic information on the design, bedspace, and other aspects of the facilities listed. The three categories of jails covered are: podular direct supervision jails (both planned and operating), jails converted to direct supervision, and jails that have a combina... Read More
PDF
123 p.
1995
Document 012849
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 1995
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This report on the proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting includes the following approaches to staffing issues: recruitment, hiring and selection, training and performance appraisals, procedures for discipline, current trends in employee relations and sexual harassment, and dealing with unions.... Read More
PDF
41 p.
1995
Document 003973
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting [January 22-24, 1995, Longmont, Colorado]
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Jail administrators, recognizing the serious problems caused by gang members held in local jails, focused exclusively on the issue of gangs in jails at this meeting. Presentations centered on the following issues: identification of gang members; housing policies; relationship of gang activity to inmate services and programs; and how to address gang activity through intergovernmental cooperation. All participants expressed support for a "zero tolerance" policy in dealing with gangs in local jails... Read More
PDF
57 p.
1994
Document 011452
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 23-25, 1994, Longmont, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting of the Large Jail Network focused on intergovernmental dimensions of the role of the jail in the criminal justice system. This document presents the highlights and proceedings of the meeting. The Appendices include graphs and tables depicting data on major metropolitan jail administration.... Read More
PDF
71 p.
1994
Document 003546
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 10-12, 1994, Denver, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The focus of this meeting was on inmate programs and on the issues of dealing with juveniles remanded to adult jails. Session #1 dealt with effective inmate programs: What principles formulate the foundation for potential success? Session #2 was titled "Issues in implementing, evaluating, and monitoring inmate programs," while Session #3 was "Revenue-generating inmate programs: What are they and how do they function?" Session #4 was titled "Non-traditional inmate programs and jail industries: Ho... Read More
PDF
57 p.
1994
Document 012934
Proceedings of a National Forum on Creating Jail Mental Health Services for Tomorrow's Health Care Systems
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC).
This report on the proceedings of the first national forum on mental health services in jails contains copies of the remarks made by the speakers and summaries of each session of the meeting. The forum resulted from a strong concern about the numbers of mentally ill persons in correctional facilities. Areas of focus included mental health services in San Francisco Sheriff's Department facilities, and special mental health and substance abuse issues for women.... Read More
PDF
75 p.
1994
Document 011504
The Jail Project Funding Campaign, Bond Issue/Tax Vote, Etc.: An Overview of Some Issues and Ideas
By Bowker, Gary M.; Bounds, Bruce R.; Kimme, Dennis A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document presents ideas and issues for consideration in planning public education on jails and jail bond campaigns. Elements discussed include: project motivators, leadership, project themes, timing, costs, public information strategies, citizen advisory boards, site selection, and bond election tools. The final portion of the document provides a summary of the key points discussed in presentation form.... Read More
PDF
35 p.
1994
Document 012252
Concept Paper for a National Forum on Creating Jail Mental Health Systems, San Francisco, CA, November 9-10, 1994
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC).
This concept paper examines mentally ill offenders and their special needs that must be addressed when they come in contact with the criminal justice system. The various points of contact are with police, jails/lockups, prisons, probation and parole, and diversion programs. Some principles for successful mental health services and prospects for federal initiatives are discussed. Finally, there is a section describing the Center for Mental Health Services program which illustrates the hom... Read More
PDF
96 p.
1994
Document 012162
Jail Population Reduction Strategies: An Examination of Five Jurisdictions' Responses to Jail Crowding
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). American Jail Association (Hagerstown, MD).
This study examines local criminal justice systems which have reduced or significantly slowed the number of inmates incarcerated in the county jail. The research specifically looks at the processes and methods utilized to accomplish this outcome. Five sites are presented in this report which examines the site environment, population reduction efforts, process changes and programmatic changes.... Read More
PDF
32 p.
1993
Document 008747
Women's Jails: An Investigation of Offenders, Staff, Administration and Programming
By Stohr, Mary K.; Mays, G. Larry. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). New Mexico State University. Dept. of Criminal Justice (Las Cruces, NM).
Five moderate-sized, exclusively women's jails were examined in terms of facility profiles, programming efforts, staffing patterns and characteristics, and inmate characteristics. Data were gathered through jail administrator Profile Forms, site visit interviews with the administrators, site observation of the jails, and staff and inmate questionnaires. The authors recommend that further research on women's jails, especially comparing the exclusively women's and mixed population models, is neede... Read More
PDF
122 p.
1993
Document 003372
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 11-13, 1993, Denver, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Two main topics were the focus of this meeting: the privatization of corrections and the special needs of women offenders in jails. Presentations on privatization addressed contracting out specific services as well as the issue of full-scale management of correctional facilities. The health care needs of women in jail were addressed by two physicians who direct jail health services. Another major session was devoted to the need for special programming for women in jail.... Read More
PDF
63 p.
1993
Document 010860
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 24-26, 1993, Denver, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
The theme of this year's Large Jail Network meeting focuses on the problem of airborne and blood-borne pathogens in jails. The conference opens with a presentation on tuberculosis and infectious diseases, followed by sessions on dealing with blood-borne and airborne pathogens, exposure control plans, training programs, and rising health care costs in jails. Brief findings are provided from NIJ's AIDS survey.... Read More
PDF
36 p.
1992
Document 003367
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 26-28, 1992 [Denver, Colorado]
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Regularly convened meetings of administrators of the seventy-five jurisdictions in the U.S. with populations over 1000 inmates provide an exchange of ideas and information. This meeting dealt primarily with the American With Disabilities Act (ADA) and featured presentations on: An overview of the ADA; Legal issues of ADA; Dealing with employee issues and ADA; Update on the National Pretrial Reporting Program; Update on the National Institute of Mental Health Survey; and Information report on the... Read More
PDF
36 p.
1992
Document 002074
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 12-14, 1992 [Denver, Colorado]
National Institute of Corrections Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting featured a series of presentations on: The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA); Writing and negotiating contracts for food service and medical care; Use of force; The National Pretrial Reporting Program; and The employee disciplinary process. There are nearly 70 large jail systems in the United States and the Large Jail Network provides a forum for the exchange of ideas and information that are relevant to the operation of large jails.... Read More
PDF
32 p.
1992
Document 010043
Briefing Paper: Trends in Jail Privatization
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
This briefing paper provides an overview of trends in jail privatization as evident in the following models: private management, development of a facility by the private sector, and private sector services provision. The author summarizes pro and con arguments, growth trends and the current extent of privatization in jails. Appendix A presents policy statements on corrections privatization from the American Jail Association, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, t... Read More
PDF
24 p.
1992
Document 010605
Establishment of a Jail Industry Recycling Program in York County
By Lichy, Harry J.; Voss, David R.. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO). York County Sheriff's Dept. (Alfred, ME).
York County is interested in establishing a recycling program that would include use of inmates as a jail industry. This consultant's report includes recommendations regarding establishment of this industry program, and specific recommendations on plant set-up and operations, including manpower and equipment.... Read More
PDF
18 p.
1991
Document 010324
An Evaluation of Health Care Costs in Jails
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO). Maricopa County Health Dept. Correctional Health Services (Phoenix, AZ).
Due to factors such as increased litigation, court intervention, the rise in the national cost of health care, and jail population growth, health care expenditures absorb an increasing part of jail operational costs each year. In this study, a combination of site visits, interviews, and data collection was used to examine nursing, pharmacy, and health services administration within seven accredited jail medical programs (four publicly operated, three privately contracted). Following the conclusi... Read More
PDF
146 p.
1991
Document 009670
Proceedings of the Third Meeting of the Large Jail Network, July 21-23, 1991, Denver, Colorado
By MacPhail, Carolyn. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO). LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO).
Topic sessions discuss managing jail litigation, intermediate sanctions, linking jail and community programs, NIC/NASA program on corrections technology, and human resource issues.... Read More
PDF
25 p.
1991
Document 010041
Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the Large Jail Network, January 20-21, 1991, Denver, Colorado
By MacPhail, Carolyn. National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
The conference opens with a presentation on legal issues, followed by panel and group discussions of internal and external crowding strategies, consent decrees, and new technologies.... Read More
PDF
28 p.
1991
Document 010484
Setting the Jail Research Agenda for the 1990s: Proceedings from a Special Meeting
By Mays, G. Larry, ed.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The proceedings summarize a meeting in which eleven practitioners and twelve researchers came together to discuss jail research needs and priorities. Presentations address issues such as special populations, drug use in jails, the need for research on jail assaults, jail litigation trends, computer simulation applications, regional jails, and jail crowding.... Read More
PDF
88 p.
1990
Document 008750
Proceedings of the First Meeting of the Large Jail Network, June 3-5, 1990, Denver, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Boulder, CO). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
Titles of Topic Sessions include: Systems Approaches to Jail Crowding and Population Management; Managing the Crowded Jail; Special Programs; and Boot Camps.... Read More
PDF
23 p.
1990
Document 008754
Jail Diversion for the Mentally Ill: Breaking Through the Barriers
By Steadman, Henry J.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Coalition for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System (Seattle, WA).
A conference was held on April 2, 1990 that brought together mental health, correctional, and law enforcement professionals to address issues surrounding the mentally ill person who comes in contact with the local jail. Research and program reviews from which the conference deliberations developed are provided. Four categories identified and examined are: screening and evaluation; crisis intervention; treatment; and transfer/discharge planning. ... Read More
PDF
133 p.
1989
Document 007807
A Comparison of "Direct" and "Indirect" Supervision Correctional Facilities: Final Report
By Wener, Richard E.; Barker, Greg. National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC). Jay Farbstein and Associates (San Luis Obispo, CA).
"This report describes a study that attempts to quantify the differences between direct and indirect supervision and to specify the design implications of each mode so that jurisdictions faced with changing or expanding their correctional programs will have a more sound basis for choosing between them."--p.I.1-1. Includes bibliography and attachments to final report.... Read More
PDF
192 p.
1988
Document 007983
Competency Profile of Jail Administrator
National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections (Boulder, CO).
A DACUM profile is provided on the managerial and operational duties, with accompanying tasks, of the Jail Administrator.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
1988
Document 006403
Jail Overcrowding Management Handbook
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). California Board of Corrections (Sacramento, CA); Evaluation, Management, and Training (EMT) Associates (Sacramento, CA).
Providing practical assistance to jail administrators, this handbook addresses the legal problems, inmate management problems, and systemwide problems that contribute to jail overcrowding. Problems and issues are discussed. Specific action strategies are suggested.... Read More
PDF
61 p.
1988
Document 006540
National Study of Jail Suicides: Seven Years Later
By Hayes, Lindsay M.; Rowan, Joseph R.. National Center on Institutions and Alternatives. Jail Suicide Prevention Information Task Force (Washington, Dc); Juvenile and Criminal Justice International, Inc. (Roseville, MN); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Contents include prior jail suicide research, demographic findings of 1986 jail suicide data that consist of personal characteristics of the victim and characteristics of the suicide act, and a comparison of 1979 and 1986 data. Title of project: Jail Suicide Prevention Information Task Force.... Read More
PDF
1987
Document 005425
Basic Guide to Mental Health Services in Jails: The Workbook
By Lloyd, Lillis M.. Correctional Management Consultants (Phoenix, AZ); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Areas addressed include history of mental health in jails, major types of mental disorders, personality disorders, suicide awareness/prevention, and liability and negligence. Length of training is sixteen hours. Audience includes correctional professionals such as officers, mental health staff, social workers, counselors, nurses, and intake and classification workers. The training package consists of a one-volume manual.... Read More
PDF
120 p.
1986
Document 006258
Licensing Jail Employees in Minnesota
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Minnesota Jail Resource Center (St. Paul, MN); Minnesota State Sheriff's Association. Jail Employee Task Force (St. Paul, MN).
Title of project: Development of Minnesota Resources to Assist Jails. Included with the report is a video cassette entitled "Civil Liabilities" by Lynn Lund (VHS format, six hours running time).... Read More
PDF
1986
Document 004957
Small Jail Special Issues
By Kimme, Dennis A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Kimme Planning and Architecture (Champaign, IL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Issues discussed include: what you should know before you design a jail, lawsuits and liability, modes of supervision in small jails, transition planning for the small jail, and using an architect.... Read More
PDF
54 p.
1985
Document 004956
Nature of New Small Jails: Report and Analysis
By Kimme, Dennis A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Kimme Planning and Architecture (Champaign, IL); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
In 1985, a survey was conducted on 255 small jails (50 beds or less) that had been opened since 1974 throughout the United States, the purpose of the survey was to discover how well the jails were working in relationship to their design and construction.... Read More
PDF
1985
Document 002853
Development of Jail Industries
By Grieser, Robert C.; Crawford, Thomas McCrae; Funke, Gail S.. National Institute of Corrections Jail Center (Boulder, CO). Institute for Economic and Policy Studies (Alexandria, VA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
... Read More
PDF
22 p.
1979
Document 016207
Potential Job Titles: Staff Analysis
By Milosovich, John T.; Voorhis, David J.. National Institute of Corrections Jail Center (Boulder, CO).
In order to aid those called upon to conduct staff analyses, this list of potential post titles was prepared. Titles are organized according to the following units: administrative, security, support service, and program.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
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