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Browsing Documents Related to 'Juveniles'

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Date Title Type
2017
Document 027879
Juvenile Justice Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (NICIC) (Aurora, CO).
This annotated bibliography was developed in an effort to provide current and useful information to professionals working in and with the juvenile criminal justice system. Relying on a best practices approach, this information will enable corrections staff to make better informed decisions about the safety, security, treatment and care of juvenile offenders by providing academic, cultural and legal perspectives of the issues that make this group unique. Citations are organized into the following... Read More

32 pages
2016
Document 031478
Survey of Sexual Violence in Juvenile Correctional Facilities, 2007–2012 - Statistical Tables
By Rantala, Ramona R.; Beck, Allen J.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
"This report presents "jurisdiction- and facility-level counts of allegations and substantiated incidents of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contact, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by juvenile correctional authorities from 2007 to 2012. Facilities include state juvenile systems, juvenile facilities in Indian country, and sampled locally and privately operated juvenile correctional facilities. These tables accompany Sexual Victimization Reported by Juvenil... Read More

71 pages
2016
Document 031477
Sexual Victimization Reported By Juvenile Correctional Authorities, 2007–12
By Beck, Allen J.; Rantala, Romana R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "presents national estimates of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by correctional authorities in state juvenile correctional systems and local and private juvenile correctional facilities from 2007 to 2012. The report also examines substantiated incidents, including characteristics of victims and perpetrators, location, time of day, nature of injuries, impact on the victims, and sanctions imposed on the p... Read More

27 pages
2016
Document 031477
Sexual Victimization Reported By Juvenile Correctional Authorities, 2007–12
By Beck, Allen J.; Rantala, Romana R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "presents national estimates of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, staff sexual misconduct, and staff sexual harassment reported by correctional authorities in state juvenile correctional systems and local and private juvenile correctional facilities from 2007 to 2012. The report also examines substantiated incidents, including characteristics of victims and perpetrators, location, time of day, nature of injuries, impact on the victims, and sanctions imposed on the p... Read More

27 pages
2015
Document 031500
Zero Tolerance: How States Comply with PREA's Youthful Inmate Standard
By Daugherty, Carmen E.; Bookout, Nicholas; Costner, Christopher; Thomas, Courtney. Campaign for Youth Justice (Washington, DC).
"Despite the strong language provided in the Prison Rape Elimination Act, state laws vary widely as to the regulations and parameters for housing youth in adult prisons. In fact, some states have no regulations or parameters governing the treatment of youth sentenced as adults at all. While some states have fully removed youth from their prison systems?—?Hawaii, West Virginia, Maine, California, and Washington?—?the overwhelming majority of states allow youth to be housed in adult prisons. In fa... Read More

60 pages
2015
Document 031226
Measuring Subsequent Offending in Juvenile Probation
By Deal, Teri; Rachow, Anne; Wachter, Andrew. National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
This report presents the results from a 2014 review of 13 states that provided recidivism research on their websites regarding youth who had been placed on probation. Sections cover: system structure limits research capabilities; reports describe a variety of populations; measures of re-offending impact recidivism rates; individual characteristics add context to analysis; and different tracking periods result in various recidivism rates. The table "Reported Measures of Subsequent Offending in Ju... Read More

4 pages
2015
Document 031350
Building Brighter Futures: Tools for Improving Academic and Career/Technical Education in the Juvenile Justice System: A Pennsylvania Example
By Burdick, Katherine; Feierman, Jessica; Feeley, Catherine; Dickman, Autumn; Schwartz, Robert G.. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Juvenile Law Center (Philadelphia, PA).
"Across the country, students in the juvenile justice system are struggling in school. Research suggests that many enter the juvenile justice system well behind grade-level. In the absence of thoughtful programming, once they enter the juvenile justice system, they may fall further behind. Too many end up dropping out of school upon return to their communities. This publication examines one particular initiative that has shown great success in combating this problem—the Pennsylvania Academic and... Read More

155 pages
2015
Document 031338
Arts Infusion Initiative, 2010-15: Evaluation Report
By Yahner, Jennifer; Hussemann, Jeanette; Ross, Caroline; Gurvis, Annie; Paddock, Ellen; Vasquez-Noriega, Carla; Yu, Lilly. Chicago Community Trust (Chicago, IL); National Guild for Community Arts Education (New York, NY). Urban Institute. Arts Infusion Initiative Evaluation (Washington, DC).
"In 2010, an ambitious model for social change emerged in Chicago that aimed to connect detained youth and those at risk for incarceration (“at-risk youth”) to rigorous and engaging arts instruction, infused with social and emotional learning goals. Dubbed the Arts Infusion Initiative, the Chicago Community Trust (“the Trust”) spearheaded and funded this five year, $2.5 million demonstration while earning cooperation from the local detention facility, public school system, community policing off... Read More

139 pages
2015
Document 031400
Declines in Youth Communities and Facilities in the 21st Century
By Rovner, Joshua. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"A major reduction has taken place in the number of teenagers committed to juvenile facilities in this century. At a time of increasing calls to cut the number of incarcerated adults by 50 percent over 10 years, the juvenile justice system has already attained this goal. Moreover, the decline has taken place without harming public safety" (p. 1). Information provided in this report includes: "Figure 1. Juvenile Facilities and Placements, 1997-2013"; "Table 1. Juvenile Commitment Changes by State... Read More

7 pages
2015
Document 029705
Information Sharing Tool Kit – Second Edition
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Juvenile Law Center (JLC) (Philadelphia, PA); Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice (Boston, MA); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
"[I]t is sometimes difficult for stakeholders, who represent different interests in the system, to come to agreement as to key issues with respect to information sharing for individual case management. These include the purposes and value to youth of information sharing; what are the appropriate limits on sharing; and how to minimize the potential negative collateral consequences of information sharing such as self-incrimination and net widening. In addition, with respect to data collection, agg... Read More

2015
Document 029858
Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators Toolkit: Reducing the Use of Isolation
By Chinn, Karen; Godfrey, Kim, editor. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA); Center for Coordinated Assistance to States (CCAS) (Washington, DC).
"A response to behavioral problems in many facilities has been reliance on isolation for acting out youths who are mentally challenged, chronically violent, or gang involved. Instead of being used as a last resort to protect youths from self-harm, hurting others or causing significant property damage that is terminated as soon as a youth regains control, isolation too often becomes the behavior management system by default. Research has made clear that isolating youths for long periods of time o... Read More

31 pages
2015
Document 029901
Diverting Youth at Probation Intake: The Front-End Diversion Initiative
By Espinosa, Erin; Skowyra, Kathleen R.. Policy Research Associates, Inc.; Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (Delmar, NY).
This brief "discusses an effort in Texas to divert youth with suspected mental health needs away from juvenile justice processing. The Front-End Diversion Initiative (FEDI) uses specialized juvenile probation officers to link these youth and their families to community services and divert these youth from adjudication within the juvenile justice system." Sections cover: FEDI introduction; the issue of juvenile offenders' mental health challenges; juvenile justice processing of youth with mental ... Read More

8 pages
2015
Document 031349
Special Topics: Hispanic Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) provide the latest answers to commonly asked questions about Hispanic youth in the juvenile justice system." Answers are organized into the following areas: Hispanic youth population; arrests involving Hispanic youth; and delinquency cases involving Hispanic youth.... Read More

2015
Document 031206
Getting It Right: Realigning Juvenile Corrections in Ohio to Reinvest in What Works
By Celeste, Gabriella. Case Western Reserve University. Schubert Center for Child Studies (Cleveland, OH).
"Ohio is at the forefront of national juvenile justice reform and realignment efforts and serves as a model for other states looking to “rightsize” their own institutional footprints by moving away from costly correctional placements to more effective, community-based options" (p. 1) "This brief documents the major strategies, events and conditions that created this fundamental and ongoing shift in how young people who enter the juvenile justice system are treated. While these efforts are still ... Read More

12 pages
2015
Document 031332
Reviewing the Juvenile Justice System and How It Serves At-Risk Youth
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Education and the Workforce (Washington, DC).
This committee "held a hearing to discuss the juvenile justice system and federal, state, and local efforts to better serve at-risk youth and juvenile offenders. Members learned from policy experts and those who have been directly involved in the juvenile justice system about effective strategies to prevent crime and set vulnerable children on the pathway to success. Keeping our communities safe and supporting at-risk youth requires more than an adjudication system and a detention facility,” Cha... Read More

114 minutes
2015
Document 031332
Reviewing the Juvenile Justice System and How It Serves At-Risk Youth
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on Education and the Workforce (Washington, DC).
This committee "held a hearing to discuss the juvenile justice system and federal, state, and local efforts to better serve at-risk youth and juvenile offenders. Members learned from policy experts and those who have been directly involved in the juvenile justice system about effective strategies to prevent crime and set vulnerable children on the pathway to success. Keeping our communities safe and supporting at-risk youth requires more than an adjudication system and a detention facility,” Cha... Read More

114 minutes
2015
Document 030177
Easing Reentry through Employability Skills Training for Incarcerated Youth
By VanderPyl, Taryn.
"Three distinct time periods frame the juvenile justice process: before, during, and after incarceration. This article focuses on services and supports at each of these critical stages, specifically regarding employability skills. These skills, although supportive of, are different than vocational skills. Beyond specific trade skills, employability skills include at a minimum: effective communication, problem solving, taking responsibility, and teamwork. These skills are important in many areas ... Read More

17 pages
2015
Document 029833
Resources for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Professionals
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) (Rockville, MD). National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
"Children who come to the attention of the juvenile justice system are a challenging and underserved population. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network has developed resources to help juvenile justice professionals understand and provide trauma-focused services to these youth." This website has a wealth of information about trauma-informed juvenile justice. Access is provided to the "Current Issues and New Directions in Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems, Brief Series": Traum... Read More

2015
Document 029920
JDAI Helpdesk: Conditions of Confinement
Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD). Pretrial Justice Institute. JDAI Helpdesk (Gaithersburg, MD).
"Since its inception, JDAI [Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative] has emphasized the importance of maintaining safe and humane conditions of confinement in juvenile detention facilities. The JDAI juvenile detention facility standards, originally published in 2004 and revised in 2014, represent the most comprehensive and demanding set of publicly available standards for juvenile detention facilities. Officials in JDAI sites have used these standards and JDAI facility assessment process to i... Read More

2015
Document 029759
Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex
By Dank, Meredith; Yahner, Jennifer; Madden, Kuniko; Banuelos, Isela; Yu, Lilly; Ritchie, Andrea; Mora, Mitchyll; Conner, Brendan. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
This is "the first study to focus on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth; young men who have sex with men (YMSM); and young women who have sex with women (YWSW) who get involved in the commercial sex market in order to meet basic survival needs, such as food or shelter. The report documents these youth’s experiences and characteristics to gain a better understanding of why they engage in survival sex, describes how the support networks and systems in their... Read More
WEB
94 pages
2015
Document 029746
Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced and Underprotected
By Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams; Ocen, Priscilla; Nanda, Jyoti. Schott Foundation for Public Education (Cambridge, MA). African American Policy Forum (AAPF) (New York, NY); Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies (CISPS) (New York, NY).
This is by far the best resource for information regarding the plight of Black girls in the juvenile justice system. "For girls, as with boys, the failure to receive a high school diploma often places individuals on a pathway to low-wage work, unemployment, and incarceration. The imposition of harsh disciplinary policies in public schools is a well-known risk factor for stunted educational opportunities for Black and Latino boys. Such punishments also negatively affect their female counterpart... Read More
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57 pages
2015
Document 029762
The State of Juvenile Justice: A National Conversation about Research, Results, and Reform
Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
"Based on recent scientific and legal developments, there’s an urgent need to ensure that adolescent development research is incorporated into existing practices and future polices pertaining to youth … [This is an excellent] series of research-based, educational briefings on adolescent brain research, the systemic causes of youth contact with the justice system, and the implications for future legal standards and best practices … seven “deep dive” policy briefing … will each focus on a specific... Read More

2015
Document 029939
Juvenile Drug Courts: A Process, Outcome, and Impact Evaluation
By Blair, Lesli; Sullivan, Carrie; Latessa, Edward; Sullivan, Christopher J.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"As an alternative to traditional juvenile courts, juvenile drug courts attempt to provide substance abuse treatment, sanctions, and incentives to rehabilitate nonviolent drug-involved youth, empower families to support them in this process, and prevent recidivism. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) sponsored a multisite study of juvenile drug courts to examine the ability of these courts to reduce recidivism and improve youth’s social functioning, and to determine... Read More

12 pages
2015
Document 029967
Re-Examining Juvenile Incarceration
Pew Charitable Trusts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
"A growing body of research demonstrates that for many juvenile offenders, lengthy out-of-home placements in secure corrections or other residential facilities fail to produce better outcomes than alternative sanctions. In certain instances, they can be counterproductive. Seeking to reduce recidivism and achieve better returns on their juvenile justice spending, several states have recently enacted laws that limit which youth can be committed to these facilities and moderates the length of time ... Read More

8 pages
2015
Document 029990
Campaign Against Indiscriminate Juvenile Shackling (CAIJS)
National Juvenile Defender Center (NJDC) (Washington, DC).
"The indiscriminate shackling of youth unnecessarily humiliates, stigmatizes, and traumatizes them. The practice impedes the attorney-client relationship, chills juveniles’ constitutional right to due process, runs counter to the presumption of innocence, and draws into question the rehabilitative ideals of the juvenile court. CAIJS works with advocates, judges, members of the media, and medical professionals in states across the country to both educate stakeholders on the harms of shackling you... Read More

2015
Document 030094
Breaking Barriers: Improving Services for LGBTQ Human Trafficking Victims: A Top Ten List for Service Providers and Criminal Justice Professionals // Breaking Barriers: Top Ten List
Palette Fund (New York, NY). Polaris (Washington, DC).
"Today, human trafficking is a thriving criminal industry, targeting the most at-risk individuals in our communities. Traffickers use force, fraud, or coercion to compel others into commercial sex or to provide labor or services. Frequently targeting individuals who lack strong support networks, those who have histories of abuse, or those who are marginalized from their community, traffickers exploit the vulnerabilities in our communities most at-risk individuals … Where basic needs of LGBTQ [le... Read More

20 pages
2015
Document 030007
Insight-Out
Insight-Out (San Rafael, CA).
"Insight-Out organizes initiatives for prisoners and challenged youth that create the personal and systemic change to transform violence and suffering into opportunities for learning and healing." These initiatives are: GRIP (Guiding Rage into Power); Veterans Healing Veterans; Prison Mindfulness Initiative (PMI); At Risk Youth; and Prison Reform. Points of entry include: about us; programs; training/talks; Insights blog; latest news; newsletter; A Blast From The Past; audio presentations; stori... Read More

2015
Document 030014
Trauma Among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaborative for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Many types of traumatic experiences occur in the lives of children and adolescents from all walks of life. Often, the after-effects of these experiences – persistent, post-traumatic stress reactions – play a role in the legal and behavioral problems that bring youth in contact with law enforcement and the juvenile justice system … Using a trauma-informed approach, juvenile justice systems can improve outcomes for justice-involved youth by: Better matching youth with trauma services that can red... Read More

2015
Document 030197
Maltreatment in Juvenile Corrections Facilities: An Update
By Mendel, Richard A.. Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD).
"This report, released as a follow-up to No Place For Kids, introduces new evidence on the widespread maltreatment of youth in state-funded juvenile corrections facilities. It tells of high rates of sexual victimization, the heavy-handed use of disciplinary isolation and a growing roster of states where confined youth have been subject to widespread abuse. The four-year update is in — and the news is not good." Two sections follow and introduction and summary: findings from No Place for Kids on ... Read More

40 + 26 pages
2015
Document 031208
Improving Behavioral Health Services for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Gender Nonconforming (LGB/GNC) Youth in the Juvenile Justice System [Webinar]
By Irvine, Angela; Canfield, Aisha. Reclaiming Futures (Portland, OR).
"This workshop provided an overview of the many different intersecting identities held by young people in the youth justice system, including race, gender identity, sexual orientation, and immigration status. The presenters then focused on how LGN/GNC young people, particularly those of color, are driven into the youth justice system. The workshop ended with recommendations on how behavioral health professionals can improve their services to best meet the needs of LGB/GNC adolescents in the yout... Read More

60 minutes + 44 pages
2015
Document 031229
Gender Injustice: System-Level Juvenile Justice Reform for Girls
By Sherman, Francine T.; Balck, Annie. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); NoVo Foundation (New York, NY); Boston College Law School (Boston, MA). National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR); National Women's Law Center (Washington, DC).
"Juvenile justice systems reform is occurring across the country as a result of a growing understanding of developmental and neurological differences between youth and adults, the high cost of incarceration, and the consistent failure of a punitive juvenile justice model. However, even as systems are initiating reforms and changing their approach, they are routinely failing to modify those reforms for girls or even to collect data on how girls, specifically, are affected by the problems they are... Read More

72 pages
2015
Document 031242
World Female Imprisonment List|Third Edition
By Walmsley, Roy. International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPR) (London, England).
"This third edition of the World Female Imprisonment List shows the number of women and girls held in penal institutions in 219 prison systems in independent countries and dependent territories. The figures include both pre-trial detainees/remand prisoners and those who have been convicted and sentenced. The List also shows the percentage of women and girls within each national prison population and the proportion of the national population that are imprisoned females (the female prison populati... Read More

13 pages
2015
Document 030149
Juvenile Justice Geography, Policy Practice and Statistics (JJGPS)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
Thus is an excellent resource for individuals working with or concerned about justice-involved juveniles. "JJGPS tracks juvenile justice system reform. Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy Practice & Statistics) is an online repository providing visitors with a sweeping view of the juvenile justice landscape across states and a place to make comparisons and chart change." Six main areas make up this website: jurisdictional boundaries—age boundaries, transfer laws, comparing policy boundaries,... Read More

2015
Document 031257
Locked In: Interactions with the Criminal Justice and Child Welfare Systems for LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Who Engage in Survival Sex
By Dank, Meredith; Yu, Lilly; Yahner, Jennifer; Pelletier, Elizabeth; Mora, Mitchyll; Conner, Brendan. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"This report focuses on LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning] youth who become involved in the commercial sex market to meet basic survival needs, describing their experiences with law enforcement, the criminal justice system, and the child welfare system. Interviews with these youth reveal that over 70 percent had been arrested at least once, with many reporting frequent arrest for “quality-of-life” and misdemeanor crimes other than prostitution offenses. Youth d... Read More

137 pages
2015
Document 031227
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Wilber, Shannan. Annie E. Casey Foundation. Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) (Baltimore, mD).
The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) and other "changes in law and policy have created new expectations of juvenile justice personnel. Implementation of these new requirements, however, varies widely across the country and has created a demand for clear professional guidance. This practice guide is a response to that demand and: provides an overview of key concepts and terminology related to SOGIE; summarizes the research on the effect of stigma and bias on the health and well-being of LGBT yo... Read More

52 pages
2015
Document 030147
American Indian and Alaska Native Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Roundtree, Jon. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Technical Assistance Network for Children's Behavioral Health (TA Network) (Baltimore, MD).
"The complex arrangement of justice systems serving Indian Country has been described as a “tangled web of justice.” Depending on where the offense occurs, whether or not the tribal youth resides on the reservation, if there is a non-Native victim, and the gravity of the offense, a Native youth may be processed by the tribal, state, or federal juvenile justice system" (p. 1). This brief explains how "[m]aintaining or building positive relationships with family, peers, and elders can be critical ... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 031263
Trends in Juvenile Justice State Legislation 2011-2015
By Brown, Sarah Alice; Lyons, Donna; Teigen, Anne. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Conference of State Legislatures. Criminal Justice Program (Denver, CO); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
"Today, juvenile justice reform has become a largely bipartisan issue as lawmakers work together to develop new policies to align sound fiscal responsibility, community safety and better outcomes for youth. New legislative reforms reflect an interest in developmentally appropriate approaches to more evidence-based methods and cost-effective alternatives to incar­ceration. There also now exists an abundance of research that is available to lawmakers and the field on adolescent development—that in... Read More

16 pages
2015
Document 031260
Separation by Bars and Miles: Visitation in State Prisons
By Rabuy, Bernadette; Kopf, Daniel. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
"Almost by definition, incarceration separates individuals from their families, but for decades this country has also placed unnecessary burdens on the family members left behind. Certainly in practice and perhaps by design, prisons are lonely places. Analyzing little-used government data, we find that visits are the exception rather than the rule. Less than a third of people in state prisons receive a visit from a loved one in a typical month … Despite the breadth of research showing that visit... Read More

2015
Document 031290
Safeguarding the Rights of Girls in the Criminal Justice System: Preventing Violence, Stigmatization and Deprivation of Liberty
United Nations. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on Violence against Children (New York, NY).
This report is an excellent resource explaining how the "criminal justice system should aim to prevent incidents of violence, bring perpetrators to justice, and ensure recovery and social reintegration for victims. Like any other group in society, women and girls are entitled to nothing less … however, the social, economic and cultural position of girls, together with deeply rooted discriminatory attitudes toward them in society as a whole, influence the attitudes and responses of the criminal j... Read More

78 pages
2015
Document 030153
Studying Deterrence Among High-Risk Adolescents
By Loughran, Thomas A.; Brame, Robert; Fagan, Jeffrey; Piquero, Alex R.; Mulvey, Edward P.; Schubert, Carol A.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
The impact of sanctions, whether threatened or applied, on deterrence of crime by high-risk adolescents is examined. Sections of this bulletin include: background; key terms; increasing deterrence through severity—institutional placement and length of stay; increasing deterrence through certainty—offenders' perceptions of risk; increasing certainty though arrest; behavioral responses to changes in risk perceptions—the certainty effect; the deterrent effect of ambiguity in offender risk perceptio... Read More

16 pages
2015
Document 031365
Reducing Juvenile Recidivism Interactive Checklists
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center. National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
"These interactive checklists can help state and local officials to assess whether their juvenile justice system’s policies and practices are aligned with the research on “what works” to reduce recidivism and to identify opportunities for improvement" (website). There are three checklists each designed for a particular audience: Checklist for Juvenile Justice Agency Leaders and Managers; Ten Key Questions Judges Can Ask to Improve Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System; and Three Key ... Read More

2015
Document 031364
Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Young Adults in the Juvenile and Adult Criminal Justice Systems
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center. National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
"This brief, from the CSG Justice Center, is designed to help state and local officials better support young adults in the justice system. It identifies these young adults’ distinct needs, summaries the limited research available on what works to address these needs, and provides recommendations for steps that policymakers, juvenile and adult criminal justice agency leaders, researchers, and the field can take to improve outcomes" (website). ... Read More

12 pages
2015
Document 029874
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Cognitive Behavioral Approaches [Webinar]
By Starkovich, Kathy; Moseng, Laura; Prince, Reginald; Brooks, Carol Cramer, Moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI) .
"Cognitive behavioral approaches come from two separate psychological theories: cognitive theory says that the way someone thinks will determine their behavior; behavioral theory says that the environment in which a person finds him or herself also affects behavior. The examples presented in this Webinar illustrate the blending of cognitive and behavioral theories resulting in effective practice across custody settings. Panelists share the principles specific to their cognitive behavioral theory... Read More

84 minutes
2015
Document 029877
Toward Equity: Understanding Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression, and Developing Competency to Serve Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System Training Curriculum
By Bergen, Sarah; Chiu, Linn; Curry, Tim; Gilbert, Christina; Reyes, Carolyn; Wilber, Shannon; Contributions from Anjuli Dow, Barb Fedders, Lou Goodman, Paula Hepner, Jody Marksamer, Patricia Puritz, Abigail Trillin, and Judy Yu.. The Equity Project (Washington, DC).
"This training curriculum provides comprehensive, interactive training lessons designed to increase competence about sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression (SOGIE), while providing practitioners with increased knowledge, tools, and resources for working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in the juvenile justice system. Toward Equity aims to improve the experiences and outcomes of LGBT youth in the juvenile justice system by providing juvenile justice pe... Read More

185 pages
2015
Document 029902
Factsheet: The Tip of the Iceberg: What Taxpayers Pay to Incarcerate Youth|"Updated."
Justice Policy Institute (JPI) (Washington, DC).
"Right now, taxpayers spend hundreds of dollars a day—in some places, hundreds of thousands of dollars a year—to confine a young person. Because every state (and local) juvenile justice system is different, it is a challenge to come up with a consistent way to describe these direct costs from state to state. These costs also change over time. To advance the understanding of the direct costs of confinement, JPI collected information from 47 states and jurisdictions in the summer and fall of 2014 ... Read More

2 pages
2015
Document 029840
Psychosocial Maturity and Desistance From Crime in a Sample of Serious Juvenile Offenders
By Steinberg, Laurence; Cauffman, Elizabeth; Monahan, Kathryn C.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"Understanding why most juvenile offenders desist from antisocial activity as a part of the normative transition into adulthood may provide important insights into the design of interventions aimed at encouraging desistance … This study explores the processes through which juvenile offenders desist from crime and delinquency" (p. 2). Sections of this bulletin include: theories of psychosocial maturation process; models of psychosocial maturity; measuring the components of psychosocial maturity--... Read More

12 pages
2015
Document 031374
LGBT Youth in Juvenile Justice: Creating Agency Policies for an Equitable System Webinar
By Gilbert, Christina; Belmarsh, Lisa; Garnette, Laura. The Equity Project (Washington, DC); Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) (Washington, DC).
"Many juvenile justice systems don't know how many young people in their system identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) and often lack appropriate policies that meet their unique needs … This webinar discussed the need for agency policies to support LGBT young people in the juvenile justice system. Participants learned how the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services [DYS] and Santa Clara County Probation Department [SCCPD] developed policies for LGBT youth in their system, a... Read More

61 minutes
2015
Document 032648
No Place for Youth: Girls in the Adult Justice System
By Davis, Antoinette; Gentile, Andrea ; Glesmann, Caroline. NIC- 13CS12GKP3; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
This report is necessary reading for anyone working with or concerned about girls who are incarcerated in adult correctional facilities. "Adult jails and prisons are not designed for the confinement of youth, and as a result most are not equipped to meet the inherent and specific needs of adolescents. Studies show that youth in adult confinement do not receive age-appropriate educational, medical, or rehabilitative services. They are subject to conditions that are developmentally inappropriate a... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2015
Document 030030
Maltreatment of Youth in U.S. Juvenile Corrections Facilities: An Update
By Mendel, Richard A.. Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD).
"This report, released as a follow-up to No Place For Kids [2011], introduces new evidence on the widespread maltreatment of youth in state-funded juvenile corrections facilities. It tells of high rates of sexual victimization, the heavy-handed use of disciplinary isolation and a growing roster of states where confined youth have been subject to widespread abuse. The four-year update is in — and the news is not good." Sections of this report include: introduction and summary; findings from "No P... Read More

40 pages
2015
Document 030005
Orphanages, Training Schools, Reform Schools and Now This? Recommendations to Prevent the Disproportionate Placement and Inadequate Treatment of Children with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System
By Howard, Diane Smith; Decker, Curtis; Wilker, Nachama; Hunter, Janice Johnson; Buehlman, Eric, editor. National Disability Rights Network (NDRN) (Washington, DC).
"There remains an urgent need to protect children and youth with disabilities from unnecessary incarceration. When confinement is necessary, it is critical that they are provided the services they need to grow and develop, as well as the educational and rehabilitation necessary to rejoin their communities successfully … P&A [Protection & Advocacy] agencies have the authority to provide legal representation and other advocacy services, under all federal and state laws, to all people with disabili... Read More

64 pages
2015
Document 031309
Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
"Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (EZACJRP) was developed to facilitate independent analysis of national data on the characteristics of youth held in residential placement facilities, including detailed information about the youth's age, sex, race/ethnicity, placement status, length of stay, and most serious offense." Crosstabs provide access to national statistics, U.S. and state profiles, state comparisons, methods, glossary, and about EZACJRP.... Read More

2015
Document 031398
Fact Sheet: Incarcerated Women and Girls
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Over the past quarter century, there has been a profound change in the involvement of women within the criminal justice system. This is the result of more expansive law enforcement efforts, stiffer drug sentencing laws, and post-conviction barriers to reentry that uniquely affect women. Women now comprise a larger proportion of the prison population than ever before; the female prison population stands nearly eight times higher than its population count in 1980. More than 60% of women in state ... Read More

5 pages
2015
Document 031319
Bring Youth Home: Building on Ohio's Deincarceration Leadership
Juvenile Justice Coalition (Columbus, OH).
“In recent years, research has overwhelmingly shown the harmful effects of incarcerating children. In the short term, incarcerated children are subject to dangerous and abusive conditions, including physical abuse, sexual assault, and practices such as isolation, which can cause permanent psychological damage. These harmful conditions have been proven conclusively in 39 states. Long term, children who are locked up in juvenile correctional facilities are less likely to succeed in school or to fi... Read More

20 pages
2015
Document 031321
The Supreme Court and the Transformation of Juvenile Sentencing [and Accompanying Briefs]
By Scott, Elizabeth; Grisso, Thomas; Levick, Marsha; Steinberg, Laurence. Models for Change (Chicago, DC); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL).
“In the past decade, the Supreme Court has transformed the constitutional landscape of juvenile crime regulation. In three strongly worded opinions, the Court held that imposing harsh criminal sentences on juvenile offenders violates the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. In combination, these cases create a special status for juveniles under Eighth Amendment doctrine as a category of offenders whose culpability is mitigated by their youth and immaturity, even for... Read More

40 pages
2014
Document 031334
CJCA Webinar: Mental Health Needs Among Youth Involved in Juvenile Justice
By Kinscherff, Robert; Sparling, Yvonne. Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA).
"This webinar will begin by reviewing research describing the prevalence of mental health disorders among juveniles in contact with the juvenile justice system. The importance of recognizing adverse childhood experiences and trauma is discussed, as is the challenge of identifying and responding to features of “developmental trauma” since there is not an adequate DSM-IV or DSM-5 diagnosis to capture this clinical presentation. Evidence-based and emerging clinical interventions are described. The ... Read More

62 minutes
2014
Document 029839
Trauma among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System
By Kerig, Patricia K.; Ford, Julian D.. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN). Juvenile Justice Consortium (Los Angeles, CA).
The impact of trauma on girls involved in the juvenile justice system is examined. Sections of this fact sheet cover: why there are increasing numbers of girls in the juvenile justice system; prevalence of trauma-exposure among justice-involved girls; prevalence of PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder) among justice-involved girls; potential consequences of trauma for girls; impact of the juvenile justice system on traumatized girls; and gender-responsive programming. "This review suggests that t... Read More

11 pages
2014
Document 029896
LGBTQ Youth and Sexual Abuse: Information for Mental Health Professionals
By National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Child Sexual Abuse Collaborative Group. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
While this tip-sheet is intended for mental health practitioners, it provides invaluable information for anyone working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth. Sections of this brief cover: terms to know when working with LGBTQ youth; continuums of sex, gender, and sexual orientation chart; issues and concerns for LGBTQ youth related to sexual orientation and sexual abuse; issues and concerns for parents of LGBTQ youth related to sexual orientation and s... Read More

7 pages
2014
Document 029872
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Positive Youth Development [Webinar]
By Butts, Jeffrey A.; Harrigfeld, Sharon; Wilder, Beverly; Thomas, Daniel; Clark, Pam, moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI) .
"People often assume that youth who engage in delinquent behavior are destined to be lifetime criminals. A different view recognizes that these youth have untapped strengths and assets yet to be identified and developed. The Positive Youth Justice Model, grounded in the principles of Positive Youth Development (PYD), provides a framework for intervening with justice-involved youth in ways that capitalize on their strengths and meet their developmental needs. Panelists will review PYD principles... Read More

79 minutes
2014
Document 029873
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Trauma-Informed Care [Webinar]
By Fosler, Dixie; Negron, Gladys; Tomassone, Joseph; Martinez, Natasha, moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
"This Webinar will provide a training and testimonial to the use and success of Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) in Juvenile Detention Centers. Panelists will explain what TIC is, how to go about implementing it in facilities, as well as what is currently being done in TIC facilities. They will also share their observations and success rates. Learning Objectives: Discuss fiscally responsible, practical ideas on how to create a trauma-informed environment within a secure juvenile justice setting; Und... Read More

83 minutes
2014
Document 031373
Policy Review and Development Guide: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Persons in Custodial Settings, 2nd Edition
By Smith, Brenda V.; Yarussi, Jaime M.. NIC-13CS17GKN9; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC) ; Smith Consulting (Washington, DC) ; American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC) .
"In the first edition of this guide, we aimed to reach out to correctional agencies in order to help them identify, address, and respond to abuse of LGBTI individuals through agency policies and procedures. We hoped to deepen the dialogue between staff and administrators as well as community leaders and criminal justice advocates about strategies to eliminate abuse of LGBTI individuals in custody. The second edition of this guide provides updated key information to correctional agencies about PR... Read More

96 pages
2014
Document 029668
Statewide Risk Assessment in Juvenile Probation
By Wachter, Andrew. National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
This is the first "thorough systematic scan of the U.S. to determine the extent to which these [risk assessment] tools have been adopted across the country" (p. 1). Sections of this report address" statewide uniform assessment; layered/regional assessment; locally administered assessment; and design variation in assessment tools. An excellent chart shows the use of these tools by state with information supplied according to: state; probation administration; authority—state statute, probation age... Read More

4 pages
2014
Document 029513
Co-occurring Disorders Among Youth in Juvenile Justice
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Individuals with co-occurring disorders experience substance use and another mental health disorder simultaneously. The conditions may precipitate or exacerbate one another, or they may exist independently … In youth with co-occurring disorders, the complexity of this interaction is heightened. Unique combinations of symptom patterns and behaviors can prevent youth from functioning adequately. Furthermore, co-occurring disorders in youth can impact brain development, making sustained recovery e... Read More
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2014
Document 029603
Guiding Principles for Providing High-Quality Education in Juvenile Justice Secure Care Settings
National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Children and Youth Who are Neglected, Delinquent of At-Risk (NDTAC) (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Education (DOE) (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice (DOJ) (Washington, DC).
This is necessary reading for anyone involved with educating incarcerated youth. "Providing high-quality education in juvenile justice secure care settings presents unique challenges for the administrators, teachers, and staff who are responsible for the education, rehabilitation, and welfare of youths committed to their care … The more than 2,500 juvenile justice residential facilities across the country need support from federal, state, and local educational agencies; the broader juvenile just... Read More
PDF
38 pages
2014
Document 029627
Because Kids are Different: Five Opportunities for Reforming the Juvenile Justice System
By Chambers, Benjamin; Balck, Annie. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Models for Change. Resource Center Partnership (Washington, DC).
"As broader acceptance of recent findings in the field of adolescent development has opened the way for change, juvenile justice policymakers, stakeholders, practitioners, and advocates across the country have not been slow to champion numerous innovations in policy and practice, generating remarkable momentum for reform. This momentum can be leveraged to change policy in five areas where current practice is fundamentally incompatible with healthy adolescent development … This document seeks to ... Read More
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24 pages
2014
Document 028067
Improving Illinois’ Response to Sexual Offenses Committed by Youth: Recommendations for Law, Policy, and Practice
Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission (Springfield, IL).
While this report comments on issues related to youth who sexually offend in Illinois, its recommendations are applicable to any state. “The increased availability of high-quality, reliable, youth-specific research findings presents an exceptional opportunity to align law and practice with expert consensus about best practices for responding to youth sex offenses. Most importantly, research over the last few decades has conclusively established that youth are highly amenable to treatment and hig... Read More
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151 pages
2014
Document 029653
The Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) in the Lives of Juvenile Offenders
By Baglivio, Michael T.; Epps, Nathan; Swartz, Kimberly; Huq, Mona Sayedul; Sheer, Amy; Hardt, Nancy S.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
While the negative influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on adults has been studied, the prevalence and impact of ACEs on juvenile offenders is less well known. This study aims to address this lack of knowledge. "Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) refer to the following 10 childhood experiences researchers have identified as risk factors for chronic disease in adulthood: emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, violent treatment towards mo... Read More
WEB
23 pages
2014
Document 029648
Programs that Promote Positive Development Can Help Young Offenders Grow Up and Out of Crime
By Schubert, Carol A.; Mulvey, Edward P.. Models for Change. Resource Center Partnership (Washington, DC).
Issues related to the impact of an adolescent's level of maturity on future offending are discussed. In particular, ways to help serious juvenile offenders acquire the skills they need to live crime-free in the community. This report explains why: serious juvenile offenders, like their non-offending counterparts, vary in their patterns of development; most serious juvenile offenders are not on the road to persistent adult offending; multiple components of maturity are related to reduced offendin... Read More
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6 pages
2014
Document 029652
Vermont Community Justice Center Reparative Panel Programs: Outcome Evaluation Final Report
Vermont Center for Justice Research (Northfield Falls, VT); Norwich Studies and Analysis Institute (NSAI) (Northfield, VT).
"This outcome evaluation is specifically focused on Community Justice Center (hereafter, “CJC”) Reparative Panel programs. CJC Reparative Panel programs work with community members to meet with those affected by crime and those who committed the offense to develop agreements about how to repair the harm caused by the offense, including to affected relationships. This outcome evaluation of CJC Reparative Panel programs was designed to answer four questions associated with the post-program behavio... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2014
Document 029631
Using Evidence-Based Interventions with Youth Who Have Committed Sexual Offenses
Models for Change (Washington, DC).
"Despite a growing body of research challenging traditional assumptions about youth who sexually offend, few jurisdictions have made a systematic effort to use this research to re-engineer the way in which they respond to these youth. One jurisdiction that has undertaken such a task is DuPage County, Illinois. With Models for Change support, the DuPage County juvenile court has taken steps to strengthen its responses to sexual offending by youth and, along the way, learned valuable lessons from ... Read More
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4 pages
2014
Document 029631
Using Evidence-Based Interventions with Youth Who Have Committed Sexual Offenses
Models for Change (Washington, DC).
"Despite a growing body of research challenging traditional assumptions about youth who sexually offend, few jurisdictions have made a systematic effort to use this research to re-engineer the way in which they respond to these youth. One jurisdiction that has undertaken such a task is DuPage County, Illinois. With Models for Change support, the DuPage County juvenile court has taken steps to strengthen its responses to sexual offending by youth and, along the way, learned valuable lessons from ... Read More
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4 pages
2014
Document 029571
Core Principles for Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System [Webinar]
By Walsh, Natassia; Myrick, Shannon; Bellatty, Paul; Lingelbach, Cherie. National Reentry Resource Center (NRRC) (New York, NY).
This webinar covers significant recommendations explained in the white paper "Core Principles for Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System". "Participants learn about the four principles that must undergird any strategy to reduce recidivism and improve outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system. Participants also learn how to implement the principles effectively, and hear about how some state and local juvenile justice systems have operatio... Read More
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86 minutes
2014
Document 029819
Practice Guide: Creating a Juvenile Justice LGBTQ Task Force
By Brown, Bernadette E.; Canfield, Aisha; Irvine, Angela. National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
"In an effort to adopt policies and/or establish community relationships so that LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning] youth and their families have access to supportive resources, some jurisdictions convened LGBTQ task forces or workgroups. The purpose of this practice guide is to provide instruction regarding how to establish a task force along with guidance on handling possible challenges to this work. This guide is directed toward the individual or group of individuals... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2014
Document 029836
How Effective is Correctional Education, and Where Do We Go from Here? The Results of a Comprehensive Evaluation
By Davis, Lois M.; Steele, Jennifer L.; Bozick, Robert; Williams, Malcolm V.; Turner, Susan; Miles, Jeremy N.V.; Saunders, Jessica; Steinberg, Paul S.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). RAND Corp. Safety and Justice Program (Santa Monica, CA).
This study examines the effectiveness of correctional education for adults and for juveniles, and the challenges associated with this programming. Five chapters are contained in this report: introduction; whether correctional education for incarcerated adults is effective; a systematic review of correctional education programs for incarcerated juveniles—results for corrective reading, computer-assisted instruction, personalized and intensive instruction, other remedial instruction programs, voca... Read More
WEB
156 pages
2014
Document 029651
Highlights of the 2012 National Youth Gang Survey
By Egley, Arlen, Jr.; Howell, James C.; Harris, Meena. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"This fact sheet provides an overview of the nation’s gang problem. In 2012, there were an estimated 30,700 gangs (an increase from 29,900 in 2011) and 850,000 gang members (an increase from 782,500 in 2011) throughout 3,100 jurisdictions with gang problems (down from 3,300 in 2011). The number of reported gang-related homicides increased 20 percent from 1,824 in 2011 to 2,363 in 2012 (p. 1). Findings are organized according to: trends in gang activity; gang membership designation; and antigang ... Read More

4 pages
2014
Document 028153
Jail Time and Violent Juvenile Offenders
By Eckholm, Erik; Lavy, Jody Kent; Downing, Paul; Freed, David; Bishop, Jeanne. On Point Radio (Boston, MA).
If you are interested in the sentencing of juveniles to life imprisonment you should listen to this excellent radio program. "Fighting for life without parole for young offenders. Tough states do not want to back down – or re-open old cases … For years, courts tried such minors as adults. Many were given tough life sentences. Then the U.S. Supreme Court said no. Said children – even underage killers – deserve a chance at redemption. No mandatory life sentences without parole. Now states are... Read More
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46 minutes
2014
Document 028474
Gender Nonconforming Youth: Discipline Disparities, School Push-Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
By Burdge, Hilary ; Licona, Adela C.; Hyemingway, Zami T.. Ford Foundation (New York, NY); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Atlanta, GA). Gay-Straight Alliance Network (gsanetwork) (San Francisco, CA); University of Arizona. Crossroads Collaborative (Tucson, AZ).
This report provides an excellent explanation of why some gender nonconforming youth end up involved with the juvenile justice system. "Gender nonconformity, or GNC, is a term used to describe a person’s identity or expression of gender. A GNC person may express their gender through the clothes they wear, the activities they engage in, the pronouns they use, and/or their mannerisms. This expression may embrace masculinity, femininity, neither, or both. GNC is also an umbrella term used to descri... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2014
Document 028475
LGBTQ Youth of Color: Discipline Disparities, School Push-Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
By Burdge, Hilary ; Licona, Adela C.; Hyemingway, Zami T.. Ford Foundation (New York, NY); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Atlanta, GA). Gay-Straight Alliance Network (gsanetwork) (San Francisco, CA); University of Arizona. Crossroads Collaborative (Tucson, AZ).
This is an excellent report about an issue that is little known—the involvement of LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning) youth of color in the juvenile justice system. Topics discussed include: LGBTQ youth of color and the school-to-prison pipeline (STPP); school push-out—the marginalization in school and/or forcing out of school of these youth before they graduate; LGBTQ youth of color report increased surveillance and policing; these youth report incidents of hars... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2014
Document 028103
Disproportionate Minority Contact and Status Offenses
Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ). SOS Project (Washington, DC).
This report looks at the significant overrepresentation of minority youth among juvenile status offenders. Sections of this publication includes: issue background; the need to focus on non-delinquent youth; addressing disproportionality among status offenders; new data on status offenses and disproportionality; and implications for juvenile justice reform. ... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2014
Document 029503
Inmate Education Videos in English and Spanish with Subtitles [Supplied Title]
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Just Detention International (JDI) (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
"Through a BJA PREA Demonstration Grant, the Wisconsin Department of Corrections was able to have the videos translated into Spanish and have and English and Spanish video with subtitles. This was an amazing task that will benefit many agencies and inmates nationally and we are pleased to be able to make these available on our website." The English version of this video and the accompanying Inmate Education Facilitator’s Guide can be downloaded at http://www.justdetention.org/en/PREA-what-yo... Read More
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2014
Document 029646
Give Adolescents the Time and Skills to Mature, and Most Offenders Will Stop
By Steinberg, Laurence. Models for Change. Resource Center Partnership (Washington, DC).
"The Pathways to Desistance study is a multi-site, longitudinal study of serious adolescent offenders as they transition from adolescence into early adulthood … [It] looks at the factors that led these youths to commit serious crimes and to continue or stop offending. Sections of this brief explain that: adolescents, including serious juvenile offenders, naturally mature psychologically, socially, and cognitively over time; 9% of persistent juvenile offenders continue criminal behavior as adults... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2014
Document 029606
Sticker Shock: Calculating the Full Price Tag for Youth Incarceration
By Petteruti, Amanda; Schindler, Marc; Ziedenberg, Jason. Justice Policy Institute (JPI) (Washington, DC).
"Thirty-three U.S. states and jurisdictions spend $100,000 or more annually to incarcerate a young person, and continue to generate outcomes that result in even greater costs … [this report] provides estimates of the overall costs resulting from the negative outcomes associated with incarceration. The report finds that these long-term consequences of incarcerating young people could cost taxpayers $8 billion to $21 billion each year." This report is divided into eight parts: the costs we bear fo... Read More
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56 pages
2014
Document 029547
Most States Cut Imprisonment and Crime
Pew Charitable Trusts (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent infographic showing how reductions in incarceration lead to decreases in crime. "Over the past five years, the majority of states have reduced their imprisonment rates while experiencing less crime. The relationship between incarceration and crime is complex, but states continue to show that it is possible to reduce both at the same time." A bar chart shows the change in imprisonment rate compared to the change in crime rate over the period of 2008 through 2013 for all 50 st... Read More
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2014
Document 029546
The Economic and Social Effects of Crime and Mass Incarceration in the United States
Hamilton Project (Washington, DC).
"Crime and high rates of incarceration impose tremendous costs on society, with lasting negative effects on individuals, families, and communities. These high costs highlight the need for both effective crime-prevention strategies and smart sentencing policies, in addition to strategies for reaching at-risk youths. On May 1st, The Hamilton Project at Brookings hosted a forum and released three new papers focusing on crime and incarceration in the United States … [Panels] discussed a new proposal... Read More
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180 minutes
2014
Document 029535
Social Impact Bonds
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN). Fiscal policy Center (Washington, DC).
If you are looking for information about Social Impact Bonds (SIBs), then this is the perfect publication for you. "The goal of a Social Impact Bond (SIB) is to improve social outcomes while effectively allocating scarce public-sector resources. SIBs are a public-private partnership in which private investors adopt the risk that a social program may not produce its desired outcomes" (p. 1). Topics covered include: what a SIB is; the difference between a Social Impact Bond and Pay for Success (PF... Read More
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5 pages
2014
Document 029536
Understanding Social Impact Bonds and Pay for Success
Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"Pay for success (PFS) financing and social impact bonds (SIBs) have generated immense enthusiasm in the public and private sectors as a means to shift risk and generate new capital for social programming. In PFS and SIB transactions, private investors provide capital for an evidence-based social program. The investors’ principal is returned with a profit if rigorous evaluation concludes predetermined performance goals are met." Resources on this webpage explain how to implement an evidence-base... Read More
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2014
Document 029673
Public Opinion on Juvenile Justice in America
Pew Charitable Trusts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
This issue brief is an excellent overview of how voters in the United States feel about juvenile offenders. It expertly uses infographics to make the information easy to understand and distribute. Topics explained are: voters prioritize services and supervision over incarceration for juvenile offenders; voters say juvenile offenders should be treated differently than adult offenders; voters care less about whether or how long juvenile offenders are incarcerated than about preventing crime; voter... Read More
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12 pages
2014
Document 029686
Restoring Justice: A Blueprint for Ensuring Fairness, Safety, and Supportive Treatment of LGBT Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.; Gilbert, Christina. Center for American Progress (CAP). FIRE (Fighting Injustice to Reach Equality) Initiative (Washington, DC); The Equity Project (New York, NY).
"Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, youth continue to be significantly over-represented in the nation’s juvenile justice system, even as overall rates of youth incarceration are on the decline … This brief [explains] what works for LGBT youth by outlining the critical components of model juvenile justice policies that are already being implemented around the country and offers sample language that all jurisdictions can adopt" (p. 1-2). Sections of this publication cover: LGBT yout... Read More
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16 pages
2014
Document 029538
Kids Doing Time for What's Not a Crime: The Over-Incarceration of Status Offenders
By Levin, Marc; Cohen, Derek. Texas Public Policy Foundation. Center for Effective Justice (Austin, Texas).
This report is the first thing you should read if you are looking for information about juvenile status offenders. It "was developed in order to produce an up-to-date understanding of the nation’s progress in reducing confinement of status offenders, utilizing newly available data on youth confined in the U.S., in combination with previously available data on juvenile court statistics" (p. 1). Sections of this report cover: key points; purpose and objectives; scope; the uniqueness of status offe... Read More
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12 pages
2014
Document 029552
Community-Based Supervision: Increased Public Safety, Decreased Expenditures
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN). Fiscal Policy Center (Washington, DC); Safety Home Campaign (Harrisburg, PA).
"A longstanding and growing body of research shows that pre-trial detention and post-adjudication incarceration for youth can have extremely negative ramifications for the youth’s ability to get back on the right track. Youth prisons and detention facilities have been shown to be dangerous, ineffective, and unnecessary. Community-based supervision programs for youth both cost less than confinement and provide increased rehabilitative benefits for youth. This brief tip sheet will describe a few f... Read More
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7 pages
2014
Document 029561
First Step to Integrate Trauma-Informed Care: Ask Youths
PbS Learning Institute, Inc. (Braintree, MA).
If you work with traumatized youth, you need to read this brief. "PbS [Performance-based Standards] shares the first national results about youths’ perceptions of the current level of trauma-informed care in residential facilities and programs in this issue brief. The information offers baseline data to begin work to increase and deepen the positive impacts of integrating trauma-informed care into youth facility practices" (p. 4). Sections cover: integrating trauma-informed care into PbS; PbS an... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2014
Document 029564
Incarcerated Youth with Disabilities: Reintegration in to the Community, School, and the Workforce [Webinar]
By Gagnon, Joseph C.; Shumpert, Norciva. Syracuse University. Burton Blatt Institute. Southeast Technical Assistance and Continuing Education Center (Southeast TACE) Center Region IV (Atlanta, GA) .
This webinar will present information about how you can help mentally disabled youth involved with your juvenile justice agency. Topics explained include: youth in juvenile corrections—education, and characteristics; guideposts for success which "set forth necessary criteria to support youth reintegration into the community, school, and the workforce. Specifically, the Guideposts address: (1) School-Based Preparatory Experiences; (2) Career Preparation & Work-Based Experiences; (3) Youth Develop... Read More
WEB
123 minutes
2014
Document 029564
Incarcerated Youth with Disabilities: Reintegration in to the Community, School, and the Workforce [Webinar]
By Gagnon, Joseph C.; Shumpert, Norciva. Syracuse University. Burton Blatt Institute. Southeast Technical Assistance and Continuing Education Center (Southeast TACE) Center Region IV (Atlanta, GA) .
This webinar will present information about how you can help mentally disabled youth involved with your juvenile justice agency. Topics explained include: youth in juvenile corrections—education, and characteristics; guideposts for success which "set forth necessary criteria to support youth reintegration into the community, school, and the workforce. Specifically, the Guideposts address: (1) School-Based Preparatory Experiences; (2) Career Preparation & Work-Based Experiences; (3) Youth Develop... Read More
WEB
123 minutes
2014
Document 029565
What Works to Promote Educational Success for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System [Webinar]
By Cohen, Rebecca; Dunn, Katherine; Kirk, Chelsea; Seigle, Elizabeth. National Reentry Resource Center (NRRC) (New York, NY).
"Presenters in this webinar discuss key strategies for providing high-quality education for youth in confinement, and strategies for helping youth to successfully transition from confinement to schools in their community … Additionally, presenters discuss the most recent research on how to reduce recidivism and improve educational outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system, and will provide practical examples of how education and juvenile justice systems have worked together to achieve th... Read More
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76 minutes
2014
Document 029831
A Practical Approach to Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems
By Howell, James C. (Buddy); Lipsey, Mark W.; Wilson, John J.; Howell, Megan Q.. National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
"This article presents a practical approach that JJ [juvenile justice] systems can take in achieving evidence-based programming that reduces recidivism. Most JJ system programs produce relatively small reductions in recidivism, on average, thus there is much room for improvement. A research-based approach to making program improvements system-wide—and with that, increase the cost effectiveness of the system itself—is presented in this article. The success of this effort, however, depends on deli... Read More

21 pages
2014
Document 029906
Strengthening Youth Justice Practices with Developmental Knowledge and Principles
By Butts, Jeffrey A.. Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD). John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Research and Evaluation Center. Positive Youth Justice (PYJ) (New York, NY).
"For the developmental approach to become more than an abstract framework or a philosophical perspective, practitioners need concrete policies and procedures that align youth justice with the science of adolescent development. This briefing paper describes the Positive Youth Justice model and assesses its potential as a tool for strengthening reform" (p. 1). Sections cover: introduction to positive youth development (PYD); Positive Youth Justice (PYJ) Model; two core assets—learning and doing, a... Read More

6 pages
2014
Document 027918
Sentencing and the “Affluenza” Factor
New York Times (New York, NY).
“This month a judge in Texas ordered a 16-year-old boy who killed four people in a drunken-driving crash to enter rehabilitation as part of 10 years of probation she imposed without a jail sentence. A defense psychologist had said the teenager suffered from “affluenza,” his judgement stunted by his pampered, privileged upbringing. The case has angered many who have said that a poor person would have been imprisoned, without the same considerations. To what extent should life circumstances affect... Read More
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2014
Document 027954
Hearings on Sexual Victimization in Certain U.S. Prisons, Jails, and Juvenile Correctional Facilities
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Review Panel on Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
This website provides access to written testimony and meeting transcripts for: Hearings on Sexual Victimization in U.S. Jails, January 8, 2014; Hearings on Sexual Victimization in U.S. Prisons, January 8, 2014; and Hearings on Sexual Victimization in U.S. Juvenile Correctional Facilities, January 9, 2014. Dr. Reginald Wilkinson introduced the hearings by saying, “At times over the next day and a half, we are going to hear testimony from juvenile agencies, from adult institutional agencies, and ... Read More
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2014
Document 027982
Youthful Offenders – DC Public Safety Television
By Cosby, Jim; Rawlings, Lisa; Thompson, Stephanie; Barno, Christopher. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
If your organization is looking for strategies to meet the needs of youthful offenders, you need to watch this video. It provides a wealth of information about this vulnerable population in a concise amount of time. “The program provides an overview of CSOSA’s [Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency’s] young adult efforts based on national best practice standards. The program will discuss: The findings of national best practice research; How CSOSA chooses youthful high risk adult offende... Read More
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30 minutes
2014
Document 027944
A Practitioner's Resource Guide: Helping Families to Support Their LGBT Children
By Ryan, Caitlin. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
This resource guide provides very important information for individuals helping families with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children involved with the juvenile justice system. Its intent is to help practitioners “understand the critical role of family acceptance and rejection in contributing to the health and well-being of adolescents who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender … [and] implement best practices in engaging and helping families and caregivers to support... Read More
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18 pages
2014
Document 028045
LGBTQ Youth and Status Offenses: Improving System Responses and Reducing Disproportionality
Coalition for Juvenile Justice/SOS Project (Washington, DC).
The application of the “National Standards for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses” (NIC accession no. 027712) is stressed. “The National Standards specifically call for all (LGBTQ) [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual. Transgender, and Questioning] youth to “receive fair treatment, equal access to services, and respect and sensitivity from all professionals and other youth in court, agency, service, school and placement’” (p. 1). ... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2014
Document 028085
Beyond Bullying: How Hostile School Climate Perpetuates the School-to-Prison Pipeline for LGBT Youth
By Mitchum, Preston; Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent report explaining how “school climate has a profound impact on the mental, physical, and emotional health of LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] students and is a crucial factor in pushing these students out of school and into the juvenile justice system … Hostile school climate perpetuates higher rates of truancy, absenteeism, and dropping out for LGBT youth, heightening the risk of arrest for those students already particularly susceptible” (p. 6). LGBT youth ma... Read More
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39 pages
2014
Document 028084
LGBTQ Youth and Status Offenses: Improving System Responses and Reducing Disproportionality [Webinar]
By Pilnik, Lisa; Maril, Robin; Gilbert, Christina J.. Human Rights Campaign (HRC) (Washington, DC); Equity Project (n.p.); Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Washington, DC).
“Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth are twice as likely as other youth to be sent to a juvenile detention facility for committing “status offenses” such as truancy or running away from home. LGBTQ youth are also overrepresented in the juvenile justice system generally, and once in the system are more likely to be the target of abuse and violence, including at the hands of other youth. LGBTQ youth may also receive overly harsh punishments due to biased decision-maki... Read More
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59 minutes
2014
Document 027899
Family-Youth Initiative
PbS Learning Institute, Inc. (Braintree, MA) .
An innovative strategy for addressing the needs of incarcerated youth and their families is described. It involves the use of “four standards for facilities that, when met, will lead to positive outcomes and best practices for working with families” (p. 4). Sections cover: PbS Family-Youth Initiative (FYI)—uniting facilities and families; creating the new normal for incarcerated youth; FYI development; PbS Family Survey; and additional PbS family data.... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2014
Document 027873
Mentoring Children of Incarcerated Parents
By Jarjoura, G. Roger; DuBois, David L.; Shlafer, Rebecca J.; Haight, Konrad A.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
This Listening Session allowed juvenile justice professionals, families, and allies to share their expertise and experiences regarding the mentoring of children of incarcerated parents. “The report summarizes participants' recommendations, ways to reach this unique at-risk population, and evidence-based mentoring practices that can serve the needs and support the strengths of children of incarcerated parents.” Sections following an executive summary include: research and background on children o... Read More
PDF
63 pages
2014
Document 028171
Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Boys, Girls and Gender Non-Conforming Youth
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
"This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of boys, girls and gender non-conforming youth who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for boys, girls and gender non-conforming youth; (3) identify the com... Read More
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2014
Document 028181
Ensuring Access to Mentoring Programs for LGBTQ Youth
By Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad; Hasenbush, Amira; Susman, Alexandra. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). School of Law. The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Public Policy (Los Angeles, CA).
"Youth mentoring programs, such as those of 4-H, Big Brothers Big Sisters and Boys and Girls Clubs of America, are an important strategy for supporting at-risk youth and preventing them from becoming entangled with the juvenile justice system. This white paper summarizes research showing that LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning] youth would benefit from access to these programs and makes recommendations for youth mentoring programs and local, state, and federal government... Read More
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26 pages
2014
Document 028243
Alone: Teens in Solitary Confinement
By Altan, Daffodil J., producer and director; Bundy, Trey, reporter; Altan, Daffodil J., reporter. John S. and James L. Knight Foundation (Miami, FL). Center for Investigative Reporting (CIR) (Emeryville, CA).
This is an important video to see, especially following U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder's remarks that the excessive use of solitary confinement for juveniles needs to stop. Various youth tell us their stories about how insolation has affected them. Spread throughout are observation from correctional personnel. This investigation "toggles between New York City and Santa Cruz, where young people tell their own stories of isolation and how the justice system can do better." The program begins wi... Read More
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21 minutes
2014
Document 028254
Safe & Respected: Policy, Best Practices & Guidance for Serving Transgender & Gender Non-Conforming Children and Youth in the Child Welfare, Detention, and Juvenile Justice Systems
By Perry, J. Rhodes; Green, Eli R.. New York City's (NYC) Administration for Children's Services (ACS), LGBTQ Policy and Practice Office (New York, NY).
You should be familiar with this report if you work with transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) youth. This guide "offers child welfare and juvenile justice practitioners concrete guidance, strategies for success, and resources that will enable staff to meet the specific needs of TGNC children and youth. The guide features an overview of the barriers that TGNC children and youth face in foster care and juvenile detention, a glossary of terms, an overview of affirming resources, policies, a... Read More
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67 pages
2014
Document 028256
Neglected Needs: Girls in the Criminal Justice System
By Sheahan, Frances. UK Aid (London, England). Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England); United Nations. Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice (IPJJ) (Geneva, Switzerland).
You need to read this document if you work with justice-involved girls. It explains the serious problems faced with girls in the criminal justice system and suggests ways to address these challenges and meet these girls' critical needs. This Briefing Paper is divided in to four sections: introduction—particular issues facing girls involved in criminal justice systems, numbers, and the right to non-discrimination; discrimination in the juvenile justice system—gender-specific offences, access to j... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2014
Document 028246
Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States
By Clayton, Ellen Wright, editor; Krugman, Richard D., editor; Simon, Patti, editor. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Academies. Institute of Medicine (IOM) and National Research Council (NRC). Committee on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States (Washington, DC); National Academy of Sciences. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Committee on Law and Justice (CLAJ) (Washington, DC); National Academy of Sciences. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Board on Children, Youth, and Families (BCYF) (Washington, DC).
This is the key resource for current information about the commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States. This report is divided into three parts: "Part I: Understanding Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States"—introduction, the nature and extent, risk factors and consequences, and legal framework; "Part II: Current and Emerging Strategies"—the legal system, victim and support services, health and health care, the educ... Read More
WEB
478 pages
2014
Document 028143
Best Practices in the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women Under Correctional Custody
By King, Kristen. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Task Force on the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women under Correctional Custody (Washington, DC); Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) (Silver Spring, MD).
These standards were developed to "articulate a set of principles to guide agencies and jurisdictions in the development of local policy and practice. These best practices are relevant across a variety of settings including criminal justice, juvenile justice, psychiatric and forensic hospitals, law enforcement transport, and others. This document refers and applies to both women (age 18 years and older) and girls (younger than age 18) who are pregnant, laboring and delivering, or in the post-par... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2014
Document 028161
“Take My License n’ All That Jive, I Can’t See?…?35”: Little Hope for the Future Encourages Offending Over Time
By Piquero, Alex R..
The relationship between a youth's expectations of early death (fatalism) and criminal behavior is examined. In particular, this seven-year study "examined the determinates of anticipated early death, the extent to which anticipated early death distinguished between distinct patterns of offending, and the potential mediating linkages between anticipated early death and distinct offending styles" (p. 20). Sections of this article include: introduction-- prior research on anticipated early death, ... Read More
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27 pages
2014
Document 028239
Addressing the Intersection of Trauma, Mental Health Challenges, and Substance Use
National Governors Association (NGA) (Washington, DC). Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA).
It is critical that people learn about the intersection of trauma, mental health challenges, and substance use and how they will impact women and girls and their families and communities and overall well-being. Representatives from more than three dozen federal agencies have gotten together to focus on this issue and to develop collective strategies to address its impact. This webinar held May 29, 2014 aimed to address: "the historical context of the intersection of mental health substance abuse... Read More
WEB
81 minutes + 82 pages
2014
Document 028293
Adult and Juvenile Correctional Population Projections: Fiscal Years 2014 to 2019
Texas Legislative Budget Board (Austin, TX).
This is a great example of a report that informs the state legislature about population growth in both the adult and juvenile system. "Correctional population projections are produced to serve as a basis for biennial funding determinations … Both adult incarceration and juvenile state residential facility populations are expected to remain at or below [current] capacity" (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary include: Adult Arrests and Arrest Rates; Adult Correctional Population Project... Read More
PDF
33 pages
2014
Document 028307
Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Detained Youth
By Abram, Karen M.; Choe, Jeanne Y.; Washburn, Jason J.; Teplin, Linda A.; King, Devon C.; Dulcan, Mina K.; Bassett, Elena D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
If you work with justice-involved juvenile, you need to read this bulletin. "Incarcerated youth die by suicide at a rate two to three times higher than that of youth in the general population. In this bulletin, the authors examine suicidal thoughts and behaviors among 1,829 youth ages 10 to 18 in the Northwestern Juvenile Project—a longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL" (p. 1). Findings are presented for: hopelessness; thoughts... Read More
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12 pages
2014
Document 028014
Unbalanced Juvenile Justice
The W. Haywood Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice Fairness & Equity (BI) (Oakland, CA).
This is by far the best website for investigating who are the youth that are incarcerated in the United States and what their offenses are. The statistics are especially useful for illustrating the disparity in juvenile ethnic/racial groups. “The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent juvenile justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately. We know that our current juvenile justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than ... Read More
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2014
Document 028061
NCCD Compares Juvenile Justice Risk Assessment Instruments: A Summary of the OJJDP-Funded Study
National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
The results from a study of eight risk assessments used for determining which justice-involved youth are low-, moderate-, or high-risk for future delinquency are reviewed. Sections comprising this summary are: introduction; comparison of juvenile justice risk assessment instruments by agency, risk assessment model, and effectiveness; inter-rate reliability testing; validity and equity testing; and implications for practice. “Risk assessment should be a simple process that is easily understood an... Read More
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8 pages
2014
Document 028326
PREA Audit Instrument – Juvenile Facilities
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC) .
“These documents comprise the instrument that auditors will use to audit the U.S. Department of Justice's PREA Standards for Juvenile Faculties.” Elements comprising this instrument are: “Pre-Audit Questionnaire”; “Auditor Compliance Tool” used to determine PREA compliance; “Instructions for PREA Audit Tour” of the facility; “Interview Protocols” for agency head or designee, Superintendent or designee, PREA Compliance Manager/Coordinator, specialized staff, random staff, and residents; “Auditor ... Read More
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2014
Document 027942
Webinar: Isolation Practices With Vulnerable Populations: Impact and Alternatives
By McClard, Tracy; Erwin, Rodney J.; Henjum, Barb; Clark, Pam. National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
You need to view this webinar if you work with youth being held in solitary confinement, are a youth advocate, a policymaker tasked with juvenile reform, or are just interested in this issue. This presentation talks “about the psychological, physical, and developmental harm that can come to youth in confinement as a result of solitary confinement and isolation. While we know that isolation is harmful and traumatic for any youth, it can be particularly traumatic for youth with mental health issue... Read More
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86 minutes
2014
Document 028349
Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JIIE)
Kennesaw State University. Center for Sustainable Journalism. Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JIIE) (Kennesaw, GA).
This is the go to place for current information about juvenile justice issues. Anyone working with juvenile offenders should visit this website. "The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) is the only publication covering juvenile justice and related issues nationally on a consistent, daily basis. In the past, traditional journalism organizations filled this function. Today, due to shrinking resources, there are large gaps in that coverage. The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange fill... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028346
Core Principles for Reducing Recidivism and Improving Other Outcomes for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Seigle, Elizabeth; Walsh, Nastassia; Weber, Josh. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY).
"The best way to help prevent a youth’s subsequent contact with the juvenile justice system is to prevent him or her from being involved with the system in the first place. The field has been engaged in significant efforts to divert status offenders and other low-risk youth from ever coming into contact with the system. The focus of this white paper is on what works to promote successful reentry for those youth who are under the supervision of a juvenile justice system, which encompasses a proce... Read More
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106 pages
2014
Document 028267
Protected and Served?
Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
"Are government institutions properly protecting and serving LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] people and people living with HIV? Lambda Legal conducted a national study of the experiences individuals have with police, courts, prisons and school security." Extensive findings are reported according to the following areas: Police—"Among respondents, 73% had face-to-face contact with the police within the past five years, and many felt discriminated against when dealing with police"; C... Read More
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2014
Document 028361
LGBTQ Youths in the Juvenile Justice System
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Development Services Group, Inc. (Bethesda, MD).
"Youths’ sexual orientations and gender identities are complex. Youths experience an ongoing process of sexual development as they mature into young adults. Adolescence presents a time in people’s lives when they are unsure of themselves and begin to question who they are … Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youths may present unique challenges in the juvenile justice system. Research has shown that LGBTQ youths are more likely to confront certain barriers and environme... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2014
Document 028062
Beyond Risk and Needs Assessments
By Ore, Winnie; Baird, Chris. National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
“Most assessment systems target high-risk offenders. However, standard risk and needs assessments do not necessarily identify needs that are truly criminogenic for each individual; nor do they address responsivity. This is because these systems do not inherently identify either specific strategies and programs that reflect the learning style of the offender or approaches and programs most likely to motivate each offender to change behavior. This paper describes a comprehensive approach to assess... Read More
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16 pages
2014
Document 028390
Measuring and Using Juvenile Recidivism Data to Inform Policy, Practice, and Resource Allocation
By Walsh, Nastassia; Weber, Josh. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"To understand to what extent states currently track recidivism data for youth involved in the juvenile justice system and use that information to inform policy and funding decisions, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, The Pew Charitable Trusts’ Public Safety Performance Project, and the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators surveyed juvenile correctional agencies in all 50 states. This issue brief highlights the key findings of the survey and provides state and local pol... Read More
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16 pages
2014
Document 028156
Critical Elements of Juvenile Reentry in Research and Practice
By Altschuler, David; Bilchik, Shay. Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
"The research on “what works” with youth involved in the juvenile justice system has grown substantially in the last two decades. Taking account of this new research, a number of states and jurisdictions have made significant changes to their juvenile justice policies and practices. To further this pursuit, this article offers guidance that draws from the most recent research and promising practices based on the new evidence. This article focuses primarily on juvenile justice policies and practi... Read More
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2014
Document 028411
Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System
By Rovner, Joshua. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
"Despite positive trends regarding juvenile interactions with the justice system, racial disparities remain as a persistent problem. African-American youth comprise 17 percent of the population, but comprise 31 percent of all arrested youth. This briefing paper explains how disproportionate minority contact (DMC) with the juvenile justice system is measured and takes a close look at drug offenses, property crimes, and status offenses. Racial disparities weaken the credibility of a justice system... Read More
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10 pages
2014
Document 028412
Measuring Juvenile Recidivism: Data Collection and Reporting Practices in Juvenile Corrections
By Gelb, Adam; Adams, Benjamin. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); Council of States Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA).
"Reducing recidivism is a key indicator of success for juvenile corrections agencies." This interactive map is an excellent resource for finding out about juvenile offender recidivism across the United States. Information provided for each responding state shows its definition of recidivism (measure(s) of reoffending, length of follow up, and whether offenders are followed in to the criminal justice system), how performance (recidivism) is measured (compare to previous year release cohorts, and ... Read More
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2014
Document 028418
Desktop Guide to Quality Practice for Working with Youth in Confinement
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY); National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (New York, NY).
Recent successful juvenile justice and juvenile detention reforms have resulted in better and more meaningful public policy on the use of custody facilities and have triggered significant reductions in juvenile detention and corrections populations. However, a secondary—and perhaps unintended—consequence has been a parallel reduction in the resources available to continue providing much needed training and technical assistance to facilities that still must confine the most troublesome youth. As ... Read More
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2014
Document 029527
Unchain the Children: Policy Opportunities to Stop Shackling Children in Court [Webinar]
By Shapiro, David; Yeannakis, George. National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC); Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) (Washington, DC).
"Children in far too many states are forced to appear in court shackled – often wearing handcuffs, leg irons, and belly chains connecting ankle and hand restraints … In this [excellent] webinar, co-sponsored by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice, presenters David Shapiro of the Campaign Against Indiscriminate Juvenile Shackling and George Yeannakis of the Washington State Office of Public Defense and NJJN member TeamChild, discussed the practical, policy, and constitutional reasons to reform uni... Read More
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60 minutes
2014
Document 029531
Updated Inventory of Evidence-Based, Research-Based, and Promising Practices for Prevention and Intervention Services For Children and Juveniles in the Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice, and Mental Health Systems
Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) (Olympia, WA); University of Washington. Evidence-Based Institute (EBPI) (Seattle, WA).
Prevention and intervention services (mental health, child welfare, and juvenile justice) provided to children and juveniles are inventoried. These programs are primarily evidence-based and research-based and offered in a culturally competent way. "The definitions developed for evidence-based and research-based are high standards of rigor and represent programs that demonstrate effectiveness at achieving certain outcomes … To assemble the inventory, we operationalize each criterion for both the... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2014
Document 029532
NDTAC Fact Sheet: Improving Services for Youth Who Are LGBT in Juvenile Justice Systems
By Rummell, Christian L.; Poirer, Jeffrey M.. National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk (NDTAC) (Washington, DC).
"To promote the safe, inclusive treatment of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) in juvenile justice systems, this fact sheet serves as a resource to enhance the capacity of State and local administrators and practitioners to improve policies and practices" (p. 1). Sections of this fact sheet include: key concepts; experiences of youth who are LGBT; juvenile justice involvement among youth who are LGBT—a snapshot; entry of these youth into the juvenile justice system; ju... Read More
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10 pages
2014
Document 028489
Positive Youth Justice Website
John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Research and Evaluation Center (New York, NY).
This website "is designed to support and promote youth justice programs that are informed by the science of adolescent development. Despite the obvious relevance of developmental science for the design and operation of youth justice programs, these concepts are not yet the dominant framework for interventions in youth justice. One way to increase the efficacy of youth justice would be to build programs and policies using the Positive Youth Justice Model (PYJ), which is a practical guide for appl... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 029549
Think Before You Act: A New Approach to Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout
By Ludwig, Jens; Shah, Anuj. Hamilton Project (Washington, DC).
This paper offers an innovative way to reduce the incarceration of juveniles in the United Sates based on randomized controlled trials in Chicago which showed a reduction in arrests for violent crime by an average of 40% with benefits to the community of almost 30 times the program's costs. "Improving the long-term life outcomes of disadvantaged youths remains a top policy priority in the United States. Unfortunately, long-term progress in improving outcomes like high school graduation rates and... Read More
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32 pages
2014
Document 029557
SMART: Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking
U.S. Dept. of Justice (DOJ). Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART) (Washington, DC).
Looking for a portal to a wealth of information about sex offending and sex offender management? Then this website is a must. It is home to the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART). "The SMART Office was authorized in the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, which was signed into law on July 27, 2006. The responsibilities of the SMART Office include providing jurisdictions with guidance regarding the implementation of the A... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 029556
Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative
U.S. Dept. of Justice (DOJ). Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking (SMART) (Washington, DC). National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) (Washington, DC).
Those people looking for a primer on what is currently known about sex offending and sex offender management need to read this report. "Perpetrators of sex crimes are often seen as needing special management practices. As a result, jurisdictions across the country have implemented laws and policies that focus specifically on sex offenders, often with extensive public support. At the same time, the criminal justice community has increasingly recognized that crime control and prevention strategies... Read More
WEB
189 pages
2014
Document 029555
Perils of Registering Youth Who Commit Sex Offenses: Research Update
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN). Fiscal Policy Center (Washington, DC).
"Despite being among the most widely used law enforcement tools in the U.S., registries and notification laws for people who commit sex offenses offer no clear public safety benefits—only a false sense of security. This makes it especially troubling that we subject youth to their many restrictions, which can have crippling consequences that last a lifetime. Though registration is not an effective way to reduce sex offending among adults and youth alike, it is an especially inappropriate response... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2014
Document 029558
Youth Who Commit Sex Offenses: Research Update
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
"Popular policy responses to youth who commit sex offenses, like listing them on sex offender registries, are largely based on misconceptions about why youth commit such offenses and how best to address their behavior. In fact, registries required by laws like the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) not only fail to protect child welfare and overall public safety, but actually jeopardize it, while taking an enormous toll on the youth who have offended. Fortunately, new researc... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2014
Document 028476
OJJDP Model Programs Guide
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s (OJJDP’s) Model Programs Guide (MPG) contains information about evidence-based juvenile justice and youth prevention, intervention, and reentry programs. It is a resource for practitioners and communities about what works, what is promising, and what does not work in juvenile justice, delinquency prevention, and child protection and safety. MPG uses expert study reviewers and CrimeSolutions.gov’s program review process, scoring instrum... Read More
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2014
Document 028473
Implementing Evidence-Based Services [Webinar]
By Rosica, Beth Ann; Mendez, Francis. Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Washington, DC).
If you are looking for an excellent introduction to how to implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) in your juvenile agency, then this webinar is for you. Topics discussed include: how to identify EBPs; best proven model programs; advantages of proven EBPs; getting customer buy-in for EBP implementation; facing agency challenges during EBP adoption; key drivers; embedding EBPs in a juvenile justice agency; referral and engagement-- data collection; data collection example; analyzing family enga... Read More
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66 minutes
2014
Document 028457
Unchain the Children: Policy Opportunities to End the Shackling of Youth in Court
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
"This policy update explores the reasons why states should end the indiscriminate shackling of youth and highlights the strategies states and localities have successfully used to end this damaging practice" (p. 1). Sections cover: what the problem is with shackling of children—it can cause physical and psychological harm, it disproportionately affects children of color, it is inconsistent with the rehabilitative goals of the juvenile justice system, it harms a juvenile's Constitutional rights, a... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2014
Document 028339
Health Coverage and Care for Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: The Role of Medicaid and CHIP
By Acoca, Leslie; Stephens, Jessica; Van Vleet, Amanda. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured.
"This brief provides an overview of the health and mental health needs of girls and boys in the juvenile justice system and the role of Medicaid in addressing those needs. It focuses on the circumstances of those girls and boys who are placed in juvenile justice residential facilities, the discontinuity of Medicaid coverage for those youth, and the options for improving coverage, continuity of care and access to needed services post-discharge, including new opportunities provided by the Afforda... Read More
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15 pages
2014
Document 028472
Using Title IV-E for Juvenile Justice: The Multnomah County Experience [Webinar]
By McMahan, Christina; King, Kimberly. Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Washington, DC).
This webinar explains how your agency can utilize funds from Title IV of the Social Security Act, Part E – Federal Payments for Foster Care and Adoption Assistance for programming in your agency. Topics discussed include: what Title IV-E is; classification of Title IV-E claiming; what juvenile agencies can receive Title IV-E reimbursements for; developing and implementing a Title IV-E Claiming Program; stakeholders need for collaboration; the critical role of the Oregon Department of Human Servi... Read More
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62 minutes
2013
Document 029511
The Role of Family Engagement in Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems
By Rozzell, Liane. National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
"The need for trauma-informed juvenile justice systems to recognize and respond to trauma as it affects caregivers, to act in collaboration with all those who are involved with the child, to make resources available, to address family trauma and strengthen family resilience … makes it absolutely critical that such a system partner with families. It is only through fully embracing family engagement that a juvenile justice system can become a truly trauma-informed system. Family partnership is the... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 028493
Justice for Girls: Are We Making Progress?
By Sherman, Francine T..
This is an excellent introduction to the issues surrounding girls in the juvenile justice system. "The majority of girls in the system are there for status and misdemeanor offenses and violations of probation. Both the behaviors that result in girls' arrests and the structural mechanisms that pull them into the justice system for those behaviors relate to child development. Girls' behaviors should be understood ecologically, as reactions to and in tension with the concentric circles of family, c... Read More
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9 pages
2013
Document 028401
Preventing Juvenile Suicide through Improved Collaboration: Strategies for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Agencies
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
Recommendations are presented for effectively preventing suicide among youth in the juvenile justice system. These can be successfully achieved through the combined collaboration of juvenile justice, law enforcement, mental health, substance abuse, child welfare, and education agencies and organizations. Sections of this report include: introduction; overview of 10 overarching priorities; overview of 12 strategies; overarching priorities and related strategies to improve collaboration in detail;... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2013
Document 028400
Screening and Assessment for Suicide Prevention: Tools and Procedures for Risk Identification among Juvenile Justice Youth
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
"Identifying suicide risk among young people is a critical component of the comprehensive approach that the juvenile justice system must adopt to prevent suicide. Ideally, this identification is done with research-based screening and assessment instruments. To select effective instruments, it is necessary to be aware of the juvenile justice system’s responsibilities in preventing suicide, the contexts in which screening and assessment instruments are used, current standards for screening instrum... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 028399
Suicidal Ideation and Behavior among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Review of the Literature
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
What is currently known about suicidal ideation and behavior among youth involved in the juvenile justice system is reported. "Based on findings of this review, between 13,500 and 20,600 detainees may have considered suicide in the past year and 11,000 delinquent youth may have attempted suicide in the past year. With proper screening and intervention, these estimates can be lessened and the risk of suicide among this vulnerable population can be minimized" (p. 10). Sections of this report inclu... Read More
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23 pages
2013
Document 028060
A Comparison of Risk Assessment Instruments in Juvenile Justice
By Baird, Chris; Healy, Theresa; Johnson, Kristen; Bogie, Andrea; Dankert, Erin Wicke; Scharenbroch, Chris. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
“This study examined the validity, reliability, equity, and cost of nine juvenile justice risk assessment instruments. Though many researchers and practitioners believe that risk assessment is critical to improving decision making in the juvenile justice system, the range of options currently available makes the selection of the most appropriate instrument for each jurisdiction a difficult choice. This study was designed to provide a comprehensive examination of how several risk assessments perf... Read More
PDF
540 pages
2013
Document 028271
Juvenile Diversion Strategies and Models
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Large numbers of youth come in contact with the juvenile justice system each year. Many of these youth become involved with the juvenile justice system for relatively minor and nonviolent offenses. Often, a lack of appropriate community-based treatments and services to address youth’s specific [behavioral health] needs plays a role in their admission to juvenile justice programs. As a result, many youth become unnecessarily enmeshed in the juvenile justice system. Many states and localities are... Read More
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2013
Document 028270
Family Involvement in the Juvenile Justice System
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Youth with mental health and substance use disorders come in contact with the juvenile justice system every day. Combinations of mental illness and substance use disorders are often referred to as behavioral health problems and, in fact, youth with behavioral health problems are overrepresented in the juvenile justice system … Regardless of how a youth becomes associated with the juvenile justice system, involving families throughout the experience often leads to positive outcomes for youth, i... Read More
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2013
Document 027774
Arrested Development: Confinement Can Negatively Affect Youth Maturation
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
Anyone working with juvenile offenders should read this. It reviews a recent study regarding the impact of incarceration on the development of a juvenile’s psychosocial maturity--the combined abilities of impulse control (temperance), perspective (especially seeing from different points of view), and responsibility. Sections of this brief cover: general information about this study; research findings showing that incarceration of juveniles provides “no bang for our buck”—that placing youth in se... Read More
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4 pages
2013
Document 027778
Facilitating Health Care Coverage for Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth
By Zemel, Sarabeth; Mooney, Kimm; Justice, Diane. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Models for Change (Washington, DC).
“As states and juvenile justice stakeholders work to facilitate health coverage and access for system-involved youth, they can draw upon the experiences of their counterparts across the country to improve eligibility, enrollment, and outreach processes. Medicaid eligibility strategies in several states have already facilitated seamless coverage for juvenile justice-involved youth, and consumer assistance programs created by the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will provide additional resources to suppo... Read More
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4 pages
2013
Document 028038
Guidebook for Juvenile Justice & Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration: A Framework for Improved Outcomes|3rd Edition
By Wiig, Janet K.; Tuell, John A.; Heldman, Jessica K.. Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps (Boston, MA); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
“The Guidebook is designed to help jurisdictions engage in a process to determine what integration and coordination efforts will best achieve improved outcomes for children and families and the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. It can be used in conjunction with the publication, Dual Status Youth – Technical Assistance Workbook [NIC accession no. 028039] that provides month-by-month direction to implement the structure, policies, and practices to address dual status youth” (p. xx). It ... Read More
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192 pages
2013
Document 028039
Dual Status Youth – Technical Assistance Workbook
By Tuell, John A.; Heldman, Jessica K.; Wiig, Janet K.. Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps (Boston, MA); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
While this publication’s title would lead you to believe it is specifically for those with technical assistance from the Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice, the workbook is designed “to provide practical guidance for state and local jurisdictions in their endeavor to improve the outcomes for dual status youth and families and to enhance system performance among the critical youth- and family-serving agency partners … [and] serves as an accompaniment to the newly revi... Read More
PDF
76 pages
2013
Document 028050
Facilitating Access to Health Care Coverage for Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth
By Zemel, Sarabeth; Mooney, Kimm; Justice, Diane; Baudouin, Katie. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP) (Portland, ME); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
Anyone dealing with the provision of services to justice-involved youth should read this publication. “This report outlines federal and state eligibility, enrollment, and outreach strategies that can help facilitate seamless coverage for system-involved youth. Adoption of these initiatives has the potential to improve the lives of juvenile justice-involved youth and their families, increase their ability to remain in the community, and ultimately, reduce recidivism. Key to the success of these s... Read More
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30 pages
2013
Document 028249
Implementing Evidence-Based Practices
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
This website is an excellent resource for "information that is aimed at helping communities address the needs of their juvenile justice-involved youth who are experiencing behavioral health disorders. Guidance from the field is laid out in [four] phases and [ten] steps, allowing readers to access practical information, resources, and examples most appropriate to their stage of program development. Each step includes resources that are organized into three categories: key websites, examples from ... Read More
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2013
Document 028269
Preventing Suicide Among Justice-Involved Youth
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Risk of suicide among youth is a significant problem in the United States. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among individuals aged 10-18 … The risk of suicide is even higher among youth in the juvenile justice system. Specifically: youth in juvenile justice residential facilities have nearly three times the rate of suicide compared with their peers in the general population; suicide is the leading cause of death for youth in custody; [and] up to one third of justice-involved youth r... Read More
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2013
Document 027857
Bernalillo County Mental Health Clinic Case Study
By Mendel, Richard A.. Annie E. Casey Foundation. Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI) (Baltimore, MD).
“Determining how to provide effective mental health treatment for youth involved in the juvenile justice system – and ensuring that it continues after they exit detention – is one of the most complex challenges facing this system. This report examines how one jurisdiction, Bernalillo County, New Mexico, has taken extraordinary steps to address this challenge by ensuring Medicaid eligibility for detained youth and establishing a licensed, free-standing community mental health clinic adjacent to i... Read More
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30 pages
2013
Document 028259
Webinar: A Trauma-Informed Effective Reinforcement System for Girls
By Selvaggi, Kimberly S.; Wolf, Angie; Long, Callie. National Girls Institute (NGI); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) (Washington, DC).
"The TLC TIER (Trauma Informed Effective Reinforcement) System for Girls is a female responsive, research-based model that offers short-term detention and residential programs an effective alternative to compliance-focused behavior management systems. The TIER System for Girls teaches staff skills that are more effective in motivating positive behavior with girls than traditional points and level systems. This Webinar reviews the framework of the TIER System for Girls, and provides examples of... Read More
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94 minutes + 98 pages
2013
Document 027897
Protecting Children’s Rights in Criminal Justice Systems: A Training Manual and Reference Point for Professionals and Policymakers
By Moore, Marianne; Randel, Becky. Great Britain. Department for International Development (DFID). UK Aid (London, England). Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England).
This is an excellent resource for those individuals wanting a concise source of information about issues related to justice-involved juveniles and ways to ensure these youth are accorded their rights. This manual contains chapters covering ten areas-- principles and justice for children, children at risk, arrest, diversion, victims and witnesses, trail and sentencing, detention, independent monitoring mechanisms, reintegration, and putting justice for children into practice. “Each of the ten cha... Read More
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192 pages
2013
Document 027800
What Youths Say Matters
By Godfrey, Kim. PbS Learning Institute (PbS LI) (Braintree, MA).
You should read this brief if you are concerned about juvenile justice or work with juvenile offenders from Performance-based Standards (PbS). “Research is mounting that shows youths’ experiences while in residential programs have a significant impact on both the safety and climate within the facility as well as whether the youth continues to commit crimes when he or she returns to the community. A recent analysis of the Pathways to Desistance Study added to the growing body of findings with two... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027853
Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Systems: Why We Need Them, How to Move Forward Toward Them
By Ford, Julian D.. Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); University of Connecticut (Storrs, CT).
“This webinar provides an overview of evidence-based and efficient methods of screening and assessment to identify youth in need of trauma-informed services or trauma-specific treatment in juvenile diversion programs. Evidence-based or evidence-informed trauma-specific treatments to which youth diverted from the juvenile justice system can be referred are discussed.”... Read More
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78 minutes
2013
Document 027732
Trauma Histories among Justice-Involved Youth: Findings from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network
By Dierkhising, Carly B.; Ko, Susan J.; Woods-Jaeger, Briana; Briggs, Ernestine C.; Lee, Robert; Pynoos, Robert S..
“This study describes detailed trauma histories, mental health problems, and associated risk factors (i.e., academic problems, substance/alcohol use, and concurrent child welfare involvement) among adolescents with recent involvement in the juvenile justice system” (p. 20276). Results are presented for: prevalence rates for trauma types, mental health problems, and associated risk factors; and the age at which youth first experience trauma and co-occurring trauma (multiple trauma types occurring... Read More
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12 pages
2013
Document 027738
Development Sequences of Girls’ Delinquent Behavior
By Huizinga, David; Miller, Shari; Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (CPPRG). U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Girls Study Group (Washington, DC).
“[R]esearchers from two long-term longitudinal studies of delinquency— the Denver Youth Survey and the Fast Track Project—collaborated to establish common delinquency measures, conduct analyses, and integrate findings on developmental patterns of girls’ offending from childhood through adolescence ” (p. 1-2). This bulletin presents some of their major results. These are: prevalence and frequency of offending—ever-prevalence, prevalence by age and/or grade, and frequency of offending behavior amo... Read More
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16 pages
2013
Document 027739
The Comeback and Coming-from-Behind States: An Update on Youth Incarceration in the United States
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC); Texas Public Policy Foundation (Austin TX).
This report “highlights the continued positive trend in the nine states leading the nation on reducing incarceration, and showcases a handful of states that, while not keeping pace with the nationwide trend, have opened the door for future progress by adopting crucial incarceration-reducing policies that have been shown to improve conditions for youth and communities.” Sections of this publication include: nationwide trends in youth confinement; incarceration reduction in nine comeback states (C... Read More
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18 pages
2013
Document 027742
Functional Impairment in Delinquent Youth
By Abram, Karen M.; Choe, Jeanne Y.; Washburn, Jason J.; Romero, Erin G.; Teplin, Linda A.; Bassett, Elena D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“Research suggests that incarcerated youth have difficulty functioning in society as they age. This study reveals that 3 years after detention, most youth struggle in one or more life domains, and one in five youth is severely impaired [they face extreme difficulties in dealing with social, psychiatric, and academic issues from day-to-day] … Juvenile justice organizations, community groups, law enforcement, and corrections agencies must invest in targeted, comprehensive strategies to give these ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 027755
Eliminating the Practice of Indiscriminate Shackling of Youth
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Models for Change (Washington, DC).
“Many youth in custody are forced to appear in court shackled with leg irons, belly chains, and handcuffs. The practice of restraining youth who pose no safety threat unnecessarily humiliates, stigmatizes, and traumatizes young people. Shackling youth is inconsistent with the rehabilitative goals of the juvenile justice system and offends due process. Juvenile defenders involved in the Juvenile Indigent Defense Action Network (JIDAN) developed a variety of strategic innovations to end the indisc... Read More
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2 pages
2013
Document 027761
Juvenile Facility Staff Responses to Organizational Change
By Cox, Alexander. State University of New York (SUNY) at New Paltz (New Paltz, NY).
“This report details the effects of juvenile justice facility reform and deinstitutionalization on the ground, drawing from research about facilities in New York. This report seeks to educate policymakers and advocates about the effects of reforms on young people and staff. It examines why some staff members and their unions so strongly resist deinstitutionalization, and what the impact of reform practices and policies are on the individuals who live and work in the facilities” (p. 1). Topics di... Read More
PDF
38 pages
2013
Document 027756
World Prison Brief
International Centre for Prison Studies (ICPS) (London, England).
The World Prison Brief (WPB) is the place to go if you need “a data-base which provides information about prison systems throughout the world. It thus enables more evidence-based discussion of ways to improve prison systems in accordance with international human rights standards. In each country page information is provided on prison populations and prison population rates per 100,000 of the national population, on the use of imprisonment for women and juveniles, on the extent of pre-trial impri... Read More
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2013
Document 027925
Building Partnerships Between Rape Crisis Centers and Correctional Facilities To Implement the PREA Victim Services Standards
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC).
“This is a summary report from a March 2013 forum sponsored by the Office for Victims of Crime and Office on Violence Against Women that was held with the intent of further defining partnerships, implementation issues, and determining what guidance would be useful. This report summarizes key issues and suggestions raised during the forum.” Sections of this document includes: framing the issues and challenges; potential promising practices; funding resources; Forum White Paper—“Rape Crisis Center... Read More
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41 pages
2013
Document 027951
Guide to Developing and Revising Suicide Prevention Protocols for Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
“Youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system, especially those in residential facilities, have higher rates of suicide than their non-system-involved peers … Suicide prevention efforts by this system should begin at the initial point of entry and be coordinated to protect youth at every step along the way … This report addresses performance-based standards for juvenile correction and detention facilities and describes a comprehensive suicide prevention program for juvenile facil... Read More
PDF
21 pages
2013
Document 027952
Preventing Suicide: Working with Youth Who Are Justice Involved: Executive Summary
National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force (Washington, DC).
This is the place to start if you are looking for information about preventing justice-involved youth from committing suicide. The summary provides a great introduction to the wealth of resources available from this Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; background of and an overview of the resources from this Task Force; Public Awareness and Education Workgroup; Suicide Research Workgroup; Suicide Prevention Prog... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2013
Document 028238
A Sourcebook of Delinquency Interventions
Florida Dept. of Juvenile Justice. Office of Program Accountability. Programming and Technical Assistance Unit (Tallahassee, FL).
This is a very good guide to interventions effective at reducing juvenile delinquency. "The purpose of implementing a delinquency intervention is to prevent criminal and antisocial behavior, reduce recidivism for those already in the juvenile justice system, and reduce youths’ dynamic/changeable risk factors (termed “criminogenic needs”) that are proven to be the major causes of juvenile criminal behavior. There are three levels at which we define delinquency interventions. The level an interven... Read More
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94 pages
2013
Document 028093
Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027792
Children’s Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization
By Cuevas, Carlos A.; Finkelhor, David; Shattuck, Anne; Turner, Heather; Hamby, Sherry. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Safe Start (Washington, DC); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta, GA).
The use of the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) to determine the point at which “victimization and delinquency converge or diverge among youth of different ages” is explained (p. 2). Sections of this bulletin include: defining delinquents, victims, and delinquent-victims in the NatSCEV—history of the survey, definition of victimized versus non victimized youth, definition of delinquent versus non-delinquent youth, categories of delinquent-victims, delinquent youth, an... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 027796
Webinar: Girls at Risk: A Trauma-Informed Approach
By Covington, Stephanie S.; Wolf, Angie; Long, Callie. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Girls Institute (NGI); National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA); National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) (Washington, DC).
“With the increased awareness of the impact of trauma on girls’ lives, juvenile justice and community professionals are beginning to consider what this means in their specific settings. There is a growing evidence base documenting the impact of relationship violence and sexual assault (as well as other forms of trauma) on health, mental health and behavior. This Webinar explores the specifics of becoming trauma-informed, as well as the guiding principles for gender-responsive services. Learnin... Read More
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88 minutes and 297 pages
2013
Document 028102
And Boys Too: Needed: A Spotlight on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Boys
By Friedman, Sara Ann. ECPAT-USA (Brooklyn, NY).
Very little attention has been given to the commercial exploitation of boys (CSEB). This study aims to fill the serious gap in the knowledge of the widespread problems associated with CSEB. Topics covered in this report include: contributing factors to why CSE boys and young men are not getting identified or served; male sex workers seem to have more agency and choice compared to females; there is an unexpectedly large number of CSEB; high rates of sexual abuse in home are directly related to se... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2013
Document 027807
Transition Age Youth With Mental Health Challenges in the Juvenile Justice System
By Zajac, Kristyn; Sheidow, Ashli L.; Davis, Maryann. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD); National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (Bethesda, MD); National Institutes of Health (NIH) (Bethesda, MD); National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) (Washington, DC). Technical Assistance Partnership for Child and Family Mental Health (TA Partnership) (Washington, DC); National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
Anyone working with transitional youth, individuals aged 16 to 25 years, needs to read this brief. It will help you in understanding their mental health problems, recidivism, and effective transition to adulthood. Sections of this brief include: overview, development during transition to adulthood, and potential pitfalls of the transition age; mental health problems and juvenile justice involvement during the transition age; critical issues facing justice-involved transition age youth with menta... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2013
Document 027834
Nothing About Us Without Us! The Failure of the Modern Juvenile Justice System and a Call for Community-Based Justice
By Smith, Charisa.
The need for a renewed effort in bringing the practice of juvenile justice back under the influence of the community is explained. Topics discussed include: history coming full circle—arrest, court, incarceration, the strong rationale for abandoning the status quo juvenile justice system, a systemic lack of cultural competence, and community-based justice that works; and Community-based Alternatives To Detention (ATDs) and Alternatives To Incarceration (ATIs)—restorative justice, and justice re... Read More
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54 pages
2013
Document 027787
Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More
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227 minutes
2013
Document 027580
Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice
Robert F. Kennedy (RFK) Children’s Action Corps (Boston, MA).
“The Robert F. Kennedy National Resource Center for Juvenile Justice, led by the Robert F. Kennedy Children’s Action Corps, uses proven models, frameworks, tools, resources and the best available research to serve local, state, and national leaders, practitioners and youth-serving agencies to improve system performance and outcomes for youth involved with the juvenile justice system. The National Resource Center focuses primarily on youth with prior or current involvement in both the child welfa... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027541
Closing the Widening Net: The Rights of Juveniles at Intake
By Birckhead, Tamar R..
The author looks at how the intake process can be made fair for low-income children. His approach “would represent a middle ground between what often happens during the intake evaluation in juvenile court—namely that cases lacking a factual basis are approved for filing—and the practice in adult criminal court, where the defendant’s needs are never a factor in the analysis of whether a criminal complaint should issue” (p. 24). Sections following an abstract are: introduction; what is at stake; ... Read More
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28 pages
2013
Document 026309
Addressing Sexual Violence Against Youth in Custody: Youth Workers’ Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Violence in Juvenile Justice Settings
By Smith, Brenda V.; Yarussi, Jamie M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Smith Consulting (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
“Sexual abuse in custody can and often does have lifelong effects on youth. Youth who are sexually abused or experience sexual violence can suffer higher rates of drug use, have disproportionate contact with the criminal justice system into adulthood, become victimizers, and/or have higher rates of mental illness than youth who do not suffer sexual abuse.1 In addition, sexual abuse by staff or other youth in custody compromises safety and security as well as the overall mission of juvenile justi... Read More
PDF
78 pages
2013
Document 026949
Effective Approaches to Drug Crimes in Texas: Strategies to Reduce Crime, Save Money, and Treat Addiction
By Dunklee, Caitlin; Leete, Travis; Renaud, Jorge Antonio. Texas Criminal Justice Coalition (Austin, TX).
The need to replace the incarceration of those arrested for non-violent drug possession in Texas with community-based drug treatment is examined. The strategies described in this publication can be effectively used in other agencies. Sections of this report include: background of substance abuse and drug offenses in Texas—costly incarceration, incarceration vs. treatment costs, community supervision as an alternative to incarceration, and recidivism and revocation among individuals with drug off... Read More
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28 pages
2013
Document 026962
Children in Harm’s Way: Criminal Justice, Immigration Enforcement, and Child Welfare
By Phillips, Susan D., editor; Cervantes, Wendy, editor; Lincroft, Yali, editor; Dettlaff, Alan J., editor; Bruce, Lara, editor. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC); First Focus (Washington, DC).
“The articles in this collection provide a multifaceted look at some of the problems that potentially arise for children when the criminal justice, immigration enforcement, and child welfare systems converge in their parents’ life. They provide information and offer insights reflecting diverse perspectives and experiences and lay out a range of policy and practice reform recommendations” (p. 2). The seven chapters contained in this publication are: “Introduction: Children in Harm’s Way” by Susan... Read More
PDF
73 pages
2013
Document 027063
Early Starters: Which Type of Criminal Onset Matters Most for Delinquent Careers?
By DeLisi, Matt; Neppl, Tricia K.; Lohman, Brenda J.; Vaughn, Michael G.; Shook, Jeffrey J..
Anyone involved with juvenile offenders should know about this study. “Across multiple conceptual models in the social and behavioral sciences, the onset of antisocial behavior is inversely related to the developmental course and severity of the delinquent career. Despite this relation, there is little agreement about the best way to measure early onset … [Based on this study] Arrest onset was most consistently related to antisocial outcomes including two models for career arrests and two models... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027352
Statistical Briefing Book
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Center for Juvenile Justice (Pittsburgh, PA).
"The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) enables users to access online information via OJJDP's Web site to learn more about juvenile crime and victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Developed for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, SBB provides timely and reliable statistical answers to the most frequently asked questions from policymakers, the media, and the general public. In addition, the data analysis and dissemination tools available through... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027363
“Cuff Key to Door Key: A Systems Approach to Reentry": NIC’s Inaugural Virtual Conference
By Iszler, Bernie.
If you or your agency wants or needs information about improving or creating and implementing a new reentry program, then attending this virtual conference is a must. “On June 12, 2013, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) will launch its first-ever virtual conference, “Cuff Key to Door Key: A Systems Approach to Reentry.” Topics covered during the conference will include mental health, sentencing, a review of successful reentry programs, Thinking for a Change (T4C), and a look at the cha... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027292
Local Youth Justice Websites: Peer Court, Student Court, Youth Court, Teen Court
By Peterson, Scott. Global Youth Justice, Inc. .
This website provides access to hundreds of youth court websites. Peer, Student, Youth, and Teen Courts are listed by state. It is an excellent resource if you are looking for other juvenile courts to contact for information related to courts your own agency may be thinking of developing.... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027372
Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, 2012
By Beck, Allen J.; Cantor, David; Hartge, John; Smith, Tim. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
“This report provides state- and national-level estimates of juvenile sexual victimization by type of activity, including estimates of youth-on-youth nonconsensual sexual contact, staff sexual misconduct, and level of coercion. It also explores sexual victimization by the characteristics of both the perpetrator and youth at high risk of victimization, location and time of incidents, and nature of the relationship between youth and facility staff prior to sexual contact.” Approximately 9.5% of t... Read More
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65 pages
2013
Document 027287
Final Report Outcome and Process Evaluation of Juvenile Drug Courts
By Latessa, Edward J.; Sullivan, Carrie; Blair, Lesli; Sullivan, Christopher; Smith, Paula. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. School of Criminal Justice. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
“This study adds to the existing juvenile drug court literature by providing a national multi-site outcome and process evaluation of nine juvenile drug courts from across the U.S. This study assesses the relative effect of each court, as well as their combined effectiveness in reaching the overall goal of reducing recidivism and improving youths' social functioning. It also identifies, where possible, the characteristics of youth and programs associated with successful outcomes” (p. 6). Five sec... Read More
PDF
421 pages
2013
Document 027073
Youth Incarceration in the United States Infographic
Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD).
This publication presents graphics regarding: the number of incarcerated youth from 1975-2010; disparities in confinement by race from 1997 to 2010; of those youth incarcerated, only 25% of them are committed due to violent offenses; the decline of juvenile incarceration rates by state; and recommendations for continuing with de-incarceration of youth.... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027398
Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2010
By Hockenberry, Sarah; Sickmund, Melissa. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“The CJRP [Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement] presents a detailed picture of the young people who are held in custody across the nation—including age, race, gender, offenses, adjudication status, and more … Findings from the 2010 CJRP appear positive. The population of juvenile offenders in custody has declined by one-third since 1997, and the number of status offenders in custody was down 52% from 1997. There are still areas for improvement, however, especially as regards rates of c... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027402
Nature and Risk of Victimization: Findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement
By Sedlak, Andrea J.; McPherson, Karla S.; Basena, Monica. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“This bulletin covers key findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement on youth’s victimization in placement, including their experiences of theft, robbery, physical assault, and sexual assault. It presents the details of youth’s reports about these victimization experiences, indicating the prevalence and frequency of victimization, the perpetrators involved, the use of weapons, and any injuries resulting from the victimization” (p. 1). Forty-six percent of the youth had personal p... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027387
The Comeback States: Reducing Youth Incarceration in the United States
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC); Texas Public Policy Foundation (TPPF) (Austin, TX).
“The Comeback States” is essential reading for anyone involved in the juvenile justice system. This report looks at the policy reforms of nine states that reduced the number of their detained and incarcerated youth. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—shedding new light on youth incarceration in the United States—shifts in reliance in incarceration, and state policy changes that help pave the way; the surge in reliance on youth incarceration during the 1980s and 1990s; the ... Read More
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54 pages
2013
Document 027392
Juvenile Justice Reform: More Bang for the Buck
By Wiederstein, Robert.
“Meaningful juvenile justice reform follows a predictable path. A prerequisite is understanding that punitive, exclusionary and stigmatizing interventions are unlikely to reduce crime and may increase anti-social behavior. Of those, incarceration and out-of-home placement are the most expensive and detrimental interventions. Put another way, a great deal of research supports which programs work—and don’t work—and finding them has never been easier. Additionally, services are more likely to be ef... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2013
Document 027110
Raising the Age of Juvenile Court Jurisdiction: The Future of 17-Year-Olds in Illinois’ Justice System
By Kollmann, Stephanie. Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission (Springfield, IL).
Findings are reported for why 17-year-olds should be in juvenile court: their brain development, behavior, and the law; safety benefits; and economic benefits. An analysis is also presented regarding the impact of raising the age in Illinois: predicted effect; impact of raising the age for misdemeanors; eight steps for registering system responses to jurisdiction change—investigation and arrest, diversion programs and community-based services, prosecution/court proceedings/plea arrangement, dete... Read More
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74 pages
2013
Document 027111
The Bridge to Somewhere: How Research Made its Way into Legislative Juvenile Justice Reform in Ohio: A Case Study|Revised [edition]
By Celeste, Gabriella. Case Western Reserve University. Schubert Center for Child Studies (Cleveland, OH).
The instrumental use of evidence-based research for influencing the passage of reform efforts affecting the juvenile justice system in Ohio is explained. “Many states across the country face the challenges posed by young people in the juvenile justice system. Ohio is among the few states that has created and implemented innovative funding strategies and relied on research and evaluation to improve its approach” (p. i). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—case study as a lea... Read More
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50 pages
2013
Document 027440
Making Detention Reform Work for Girls
By Sherman, Francine T.; Mendel, Richard A.; Irvine, Angela. Annie E. Casey Foundation. Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (Philadelphia, PA).
This “practice guide will stress that efforts to safely reduce the inappropriate detention of low-risk girls must be rooted in JDAI’s [Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative’s eight] core strategies, but with an added intentional focus on applying those core strategies to girls’ unique needs and circumstances. These efforts require a strong and collaborative leadership team with the will and capacity to undertake meaningful reforms in the treatment of girls at the detention stage. The work m... Read More
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88 pages
2013
Document 027514
Recommendations for Administrators of Prisons, Jails, and Community Confinement Facilities for Adapting the U.S. Department of Justice’s “A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations, Adults/Adolescents”
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Violence Against Women (OVW) (Washington, DC).
“This guide is designed to assist administrators of prisons, jails, and community confinement facilities in drafting or revising protocols for an immediate response to reports of sexual assault. Sexual assault is a persistent problem in correctional environments with life-altering consequences for victims as well as for the integrity of correctional institutions and the fundamental principles of justice. The U.S. Department of Justice’s “National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Pris... Read More
PDF
66 pages
2013
Document 027507
Policy Review and Development Guide: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Persons in Custodial Settings
By Smith, Brenda V.; Loomis, Melissa C.; Yarussi, Jaime M.; Marksamer, Jody. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Smith Consulting (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
Superseded by NIC accession no. 031373. “This guide includes information that will help adult correctional facilities and juvenile justice agencies to assess, develop, or improve policies and practices regarding LGBTI [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex] individuals in their custody. The guide is not meant to be a quick reference for writing policies appropriate for all agencies and/or facilities. It is intentionally vague on “how ... Read More
PDF
79 pages
2013
Document 027266
The Impact of Family Visitation on Incarcerated Youth’s Behavior and School Performance: Findings from the Families as Partners Project
By Agudelo, Sandra Villalobos. Vera Institute of Justice. Family Justice Program (New York, NY).
Anyone involved with programming for incarcerated youth should read this report. It can be used to bolster ones attempt to develop family visitation programs in your agency. The positive impact of family visitation on the behavior and school performance of incarcerated youth is examined. The number of behavioral incidents decreased as visits increased. School performance for those who had frequent visits was 4.6 points higher than those youth who were not visited. “Despite the benefits of family... Read More
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6 pages
2013
Document 027270
Raised on the Registry: The Irreparable Harm of Placing Children on Sex Offender Registries in the US
Human Rights Watch (New York, NY).
“This report challenges the view that registration laws and related restrictions are an appropriate response to sex offenses committed by children. Even acknowledging the considerable harm that youth offenders can cause, these requirements operate as, in effect, continued punishment of the offender … And contrary to common public perceptions, the empirical evidence suggests that putting youth offenders on registries does not advance community safety—including because it overburdens law enforceme... Read More
PDF
116 pages
2013
Document 027291
An Impact Evaluation of Three Strategies Created to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact and the Detention Population: Final Report
By Rodriguez, Nancy; Eells, Elizabeth. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“The goal of this project was to examine the effectiveness of three distinct strategies (revision of a detention index, a procedural change in review of detention decisions, and a monitoring system of detained youth) created by Maricopa County Juvenile Probation to reduce disproportionate minority contact (DMC) and the number of youth subject to detention in the County” (p. i). It appears that a combination of the three is the most effective way to reduce sentencing disparity and juvenile detent... Read More
PDF
47 pages
2013
Document 027503
Tri-Agency Letter on Trauma-Informed Treatment
By Sheldon, George H.; Tavenner, Marilyn; Hyde, Pamela S.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Resources (HHS) (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Resources (HHS). Administration for Children and Families (Rockville, MD); Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) (Baltimore, MD).
“This guidance letter is intended to encourage the integrated use of trauma-focused screening, functional assessments and evidence-based practices (EBPs) in child-serving settings for the purpose of improving child well-being. The Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) are engaged in an ongoing partnership to address complex... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2013
Document 027339
Juveniles Who Sexually Offend (JwSO): An Overview
By Rokop, James.
This excellent presentation provides a wealth of information about juvenile sex offenders. Issues discussed include: the problem; the legal response; the myths—recidivism, high risk, later offending as adults, and heterogeneity; theories—evolutionary, behavioral and social learning, abuse-abuser, sexual victimization, attachment, ecological, integrated development, and biological, genetic, or neuropsychological; typologies; differentiating JwSO from other offenders; some characteristics identifi... Read More
PDF
69 pages
2013
Document 027337
TDMHSAS Best Practice Guidelines: Adolescents Who Have Engaged In Sexually Abusive Behavior
Tennessee Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS). Division of Planning, Research and Forensics (Nashville, TN); Tennessee Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS). Division of Clinical Leadership (Nashville, TN).
“The guidelines presented here are to assist in the evaluation and treatment of adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. The goal of these guidelines is to improve the care of adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior, which in turn increases community safety and decreases the victimization of others. These guidelines are primarily intended for males who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. Though some may apply to females there is insufficient research to... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2013
Document 027658
PREA Youthful Inmate Implementation
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
This webpage provides information regarding the implementation of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) “youthful inmate” standard. Youthful inmates are any incarcerated individuals under the age of 18. Links are provided to a two part webinar series regarding this implementation in three jurisdictions—Oregon, North Carolina, and Indiana. Other sections provide information about: the “youthful inmate” PREA Standard 115.14; options for implementation—reducing the number of youthful inmates in ad... Read More
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4 pages
2013
Document 027362
PTSD, Trauma, and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Detained Youth
By Abram, Kren M.; Teplin, Linda A.; King, Devon C.; Longworth, Sandra L.; Emanuel, Kristin M.; Romero, Erin G.; McClelland, Gary M.; Dulcan, Mina K.; Washburn, Jason J.; Welty, Leah J.; Olson, Nichole D.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“This bulletin examines the results of the Northwestern Juvenile Project—a prospective longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL. The authors discuss their findings on the prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among juvenile detainees and PTSD’s tendency to co-occur with other psychiatric disorders” (p. 1). Sections of this bulletin include: highlights; methods—measures; findings about trauma (overall rates,... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027306
Doing It Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“The use of risk assessment instruments in juvenile justice systems across the country is growing rapidly. Advocates should be aware of how they can be used most effectively to avoid unnecessary incarceration and improve case planning for youth” (p. 4). This fact sheet explains: what a risk assessment tool is; the need to use them; how to choose the right risk assessment instrument; how to implement carefully following your choice; and making sure to gather and analyze data regarding the tool. F... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027307
Doing it Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice - an NJJN Webinar
By Vincent, Gina M.. National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“When your juvenile justice system puts youth on probation, does it assess them for risk? If so, do staff know how to use these assessments effectively? Or do the assessments just sit in a file, waiting to be dusted off? Whether your agency or jurisdiction is trying to choose the right risk assessment tool, or it already has one in place, you'll find this webinar from the National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) helpful.” The audience is introduced to the use of risk assessments for. The publica... Read More
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60 minutes
2013
Document 027308
How to Calculate the Average Costs of Detaining a Youth
Herb Block Foundation (Washington, DC); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); Open Society Foundations (New York, NY); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Tow Foundation (New Canaan, CT). National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“This toolkit demonstrates how to calculate the average costs of housing a youth in detention. There are numerous ways to calculate the cost of detention, and detention administrators across states and even within states may arrive at their costs through different methods. This toolkit will help readers understand what components are typically included in a detention cost estimate, why one would or would not choose to include these elements, and what additional costs and revenues could be incorp... Read More
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22 pages
2013
Document 027712
National Standards for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses
Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ). Safety, Opportunity & Success (SOS) Project (Washington, DC).
“A status offender is a juvenile charged with or adjudicated for conduct that would not, under the law of the jurisdiction in which the offense was committed, be a crime if committed by an adult. The most common examples of status offenses are chronic or persistent truancy, running away, violating curfew laws, or possessing alcohol or tobacco. The National Standards aim to promote best practices for this population, based in research and social service approaches, to better engage and support yo... Read More
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119 pages
2013
Document 027714
Youth in Contact with the Juvenile Justice System Task Force
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (Washington, DC).
“This task force was established in June 2011 to focus attention on the needs of youth in the juvenile justice system, particularly in the areas of suicide-related awareness and education, suicide research, suicide prevention programming and training, and collaboration between the juvenile justice and mental health systems. Below, organized by workgroup, are the resources developed to provide findings, recommendations, and practical tools for juvenile justice and mental health administrators and... Read More
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2013
Document 027730
Current Issues and New Directions in Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems, Brief Series
National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
These publications are required reading for anyone working with juvenile offenders. “This collection of Briefs written by experts invited to the NCTSN Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Roundtable, address topics essential to creating trauma-informed Juvenile Justice Systems. These Briefs are intended to elevate the discussion of key elements that intersect with trauma and are critical to raising the standard of care for children and families involved with the juvenile justice system." Briefs comp... Read More
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2013
Document 027731
Think Trauma: A Training for Staff in Juvenile Justice Residential Settings
National Center for Child Traumatic Stress (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
“This training provides an overview for juvenile justice staff of how to work towards creating a trauma-informed juvenile justice residential setting. Creating a trauma-informed setting is a process that requires not only knowledge acquisition and behavioral modification, but also cultural and organizational paradigm shifts, and ultimately policy and procedural change at every level of the facility. “Think Trauma” is a PowerPoint-based training curriculum including four modules that can be impl... Read More
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2013
Document 027592
Stories of Change Among Justice-Involved American Indian Youth: From the Cross-Site Evaluation of OJJDP’s Tribal Green Reentry Program
By McKay, Tasseli; Lindquist, Christine; Melton, Ada Pecos; Martinez, Rita. RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC).
“Understanding what helps justice-involved American Indian (AI) youth to make positive changes in their lives and end or reduce their involvement in the tribal juvenile justice system is important for developing effective supports. This report presents perspectives on personal change among justice-involved AI youth who participated in the Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Green Demonstration (“Green Reentry”) programs in three tribes.” Sections of this publication address: risk and protectiv... Read More
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14 pages
2013
Document 027610
Focus on: Adolescent Brain Development
Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) .
If there is one website anyone involved with juvenile offenders needs to monitor, it is this site. “Explore JJIE’s coverage of adolescent brain development and how it relates to youth system involvement, substance use and families and communities … The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) is the only publication covering juvenile justice and related issues nationally on a consistent, daily basis.” ... Read More
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2013
Document 027611
Juvenile Justice System
National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
“Children who come to the attention of the juvenile justice system are a challenging and underserved population. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network has developed resources to help juvenile justice professionals understand and provide trauma-focused services to these youth.” Resources are organized according to whether they are intended for either mental health and juvenile justice professionals or judges and advocates.... Read More
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2013
Document 027619
State-Local Partnership in Ohio Cuts Juvenile Recidivism, Costs
By Laudano, Jennifer. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
This article describes an innovative partnership between local and state agencies that can be used by other states to reduce costs associated with justice-involved juveniles. “Beginning in 1994, Ohio implemented RECLAIM Ohio, a performance-based funding partnership between the state and local governments that expanded counties' use of effective, cost-efficient community-based options for lower-risk juvenile offenders. The program has helped cut recidivism rates and saved the state millions of do... Read More
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8 pages
2013
Document 027620
Bending the Curve: Juvenile Corrections Reform in Texas
By Laudano, Jennifer. Pew Charitable Funds. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
“During the past six years, Texas overhauled its juvenile corrections system, enacting a series of reforms that led to a significant reduction in the state-level committed population and yielded millions of dollars in cost savings while protecting public safety” (p. 1). Sections of this brief cover: problem; reforms—authorizing legislation, redirected resources, incentive funding, standardized tools, and streamlines system; and impact—commitments down, costs reduced $50 million per year, and pub... Read More
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7 pages
2013
Document 027622
Pennsylvania and MacArthur’s Models for Change: The Story of a Successful Public-Private Partnership
By Schwartz, Robert G.. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL). Juvenile Law Center (Philadelphia, PA).
“At the heart of the Models for Change story in Pennsylvania is the partnership between the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Committee (JJDPC), Pennsylvania's state advisory group (SAG). This monograph highlights some of the ways that Pennsylvania's SAG combined people, vision and dollars with those of Models for Change. It shows how the Foundation identified and collaborated with a key state agency to improve Pennsylvania's juve... Read More
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64 pages
2013
Document 027646
DASH-13: Desistence for Adolescents who Sexually Harm
By Worling, J R.ames.
"The DASH-13 (Desistence for Adolescents who Sexually Harm; Worling 2013) is a checklist of 13 factors that may be related to the desistence of adolescent sexual offending. Seven of the factors are related specifically to future sexual health (prosocial sexual arousal, prosocial sexual attitudes, hope for a healthy sexual future, successful completion of sexual offense-specific treatment, awareness of consequences of sexual reoffending, environmental controls that match risk to reoffend sexuall... Read More
WEB
5 pages
2013
Document 026881
Implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act: Toolkit for Juvenile Agencies and Facilities
NIC-12RE05GKJ5; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
“The goal of this Toolkit is to provide juvenile agencies and facilities of all sizes, political divisions, and geographic locations with a step-by-step guide for preventing, detecting, and eliminating sexual abuse of residents in their custody – and for responding effectively to abuse when it occurs. Prison rape includes all forms of resident sexual abuse within a correctional facility, including state and federal prisons, county and municipal jails, police lock-ups, holding facilities, residen... Read More
ZIP
1 computer file
2013
Document 026975
Criminal Justice Uniform Cost Report: Fiscal Years 2010 to 2012
Texas Legislative Budget Board (Austin, TX).
Cost per day information for various adult and juvenile correctional populations is determined. Sections of this report include: introduction—reporting guidelines and highlights; Texas Department of Criminal Justice—overview, Correctional Institutions Division (state-operated facilities), Parole Division, and Community Justice Assistance Division; and the Texas Juvenile Justice Department—state services and facilities, and community juvenile justice. Appendixes provide: uniform cost project meth... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2013
Document 026976
Adult and Juvenile Correctional Population Projections: Fiscal Years 2013 to 2018
Texas Legislative Budget Board (Austin, TX).
Projections for the changes in Texas’ adult and juvenile correctional populations are presented. Sections contained in this report are: introduction and report highlights; arrest rates in Texas; adult correctional population projections; juvenile correctional population projections; qualitative review summary; and glossary. Appendixes explain what the methodology and assumptions for each correctional population projection.... Read More
PDF
49 pages
2013
Document 029515
PREA Juvenile Offender Orientation for Newly Committed Juvenile Offenders
Kansas Juvenile Justice Authority (Topeka, KS).
This document is an excellent introduction for youth about the prevention of sexual abuse while they are incarcerated. "The Kansas Juvenile Justice Authority (JJA) is committed to your safety and the safety of staff. You have the right to serve your sentence with dignity and free from sexual abuse, sexual harassment, and retaliation. The JJA has zero tolerance regarding sexual abuse and sexual harassment within its facilities. This means we DO NOT tolerate any level of sexual harassment, miscond... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2013
Document 028105
The Impact of Family Visitation on Incarcerated Youth's Behavior and School Performance: Findings from the Families as Partners Project
By Agudelo, Sandra Villalobos. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
The relationships between family visitation and an incarcerated youth's behavior and performance in school are examined. The project studied was Families as Partners, a collaboration between the Vera Institute and Ohio Department of Youth Services (DYS). Sections of this brief include: introduction; background about the collaboration; data and methodology for this study; findings regarding the impact of visitation on behavior and school performance—youth characteristics, family contact frequency... Read More
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6 pages
2013
Document 028357
Colorado Reference Guide: Juvenile Screening and Assessment Instruments: Behavioral Health, Trauma, and Risk/Classification
Colorado Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice. Juvenile Justice Task Force. Juvenile Screening and Assessment Subcommittee (Denver, CO).
"One of the most important elements in any service delivery system is the identification of needs, risks and strengths of children, youth and families. The accurate screening and assessment of these individuals and family systems are necessary to develop appropriate, individualized service packages. The use of valid screening and assessment tools will assure that safety risks (either to the public or the youth) are identified accurately and appropriate interventions are implemented, that urgent ... Read More
PDF
43 pages
2013
Document 027282
A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adults/Adolescents: Second Edition
By Little, Kristin. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women. DNA Initiative (Washington, DC).
“A timely, high-quality medical forensic examination can potentially validate and address sexual assault patients' concerns, minimize the trauma they may experience, and promote their healing. At the same time, it can increase the likelihood that evidence collected will aid in criminal case investigation, resulting in perpetrators being held accountable and further sexual violence prevented. The examination and the related responsibilities of health care personnel are the focus of this protocol.... Read More
PDF
145 pages
2013
Document 028488
The Fourth Wave: Juvenile Justice Reforms for the Twenty-First Century
By Weiss, Giudi. National Campaign to Reform State Juvenile Justice Systems (New York, NY).
"Over the past decade or more, virtually every state in the union has taken steps to create a juvenile justice system that is not just tough on crime but smart on crime—fair and just practices that protect communities and help all kids become responsible adults. The systems now taking shape embrace the best ideas from earlier waves of reform—society’s responsibility to its youth, the need to create safe communities—and put them in a new framework: a scientific understanding of child and adolesce... Read More
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52 pages
2013
Document 028248
Mental Health Screening in Juvenile Justice Settings
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"The majority of youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system have a diagnosable mental or substance use disorder. In fact, many youth are experiencing both. Combinations of mental illness and substance use are often referred to as either behavioral health problems or co-occurring issues. One of the most important steps in responding to the behavioral health treatment needs of youth in the juvenile justice system is to systematically identify these needs as youth become involved ... Read More
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2013
Document 027058
The Northwestern Juvenile Project: Overview
By Teplin, Linda A.; Abram, Karen M.; Washburn, Jason J.; Welty, Leah J.; Hershfield, Jennifer A.; Dulcan, Mina K.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
“Comprehensive, accurate, and reliable data are needed to guide the development of innovative juvenile justice policy. NJP provides empirical evidence that communities can use to develop and provide appropriate services within detention centers. Because the study is longitudinal, it also provides information about the long-term outcomes of these youth after they leave detention. Findings from NJP [Northwestern Juvenile Project] … provide important information on how to facilitate successful reen... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 029769
51-Jurisdiction Survey of Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems
By Weiss, Catherine; Kraner, Natalie J.; Fisch, Jacob. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest (New York, NY).
This "survey provides an overview of policies governing the solitary confinement of juveniles in 50 states and the District of Columbia. The survey allows the reader to understand each state’s approach to imposing this punishment or employing alternatives. This accompanying memo discusses the trends that emerge from the survey, caveats to keep in mind while reading the survey … The survey distinguishes between states that use confinement as a punishment for past actions and states that use confi... Read More

56 pages
2013
Document 027913
The Effect of Youth Diversion Programs on Recidivism: A Meta-Analytic Review
By Wilson, Holly A.; Hoge, Robert D..
This article is essential reading for those individuals involved with juvenile justice reform. “Pre- and postcharge diversion programs have been used as a formal intervention strategy for youth offenders since the 1970s. This meta-analysis was conducted to shed some light on whether diversion reduces recidivism at a greater rate than traditional justice system processing and to explore aspects of diversion programs associated with greater reductions in recidivism” (p. 497). Sections cover: forma... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2012
Document 026654
Underage Drinking: Practice Guidelines for Community Corrections
By Crowe, Ann H.; Mullins, Tracy G.; Cobb, Kimberly A.; Lowe, Nathan C.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
'In this bulletin, the authors describe 10 guidelines for community supervision professionals who regularly work with underage drinkers. These guidelines are derived from evidence-based practices. They help professionals develop a plan for screening underage drinkers, determine appropriate responses, create a case plan, and provide treatment' (p. 1). These guidelines are: conduct screening for alcohol problems at first and subsequent contacts between underage drinkers and the justice system; ass... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 026332
Health, Justice, Women: Transforming Systems--Changing Lives [Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Women and girls enter the criminal justice system with distinct and unique health care needs. Most are in their child bearing years, may have children, many are victims of abuse, have a mental health diagnosis, or typically exhibit more misconduct than male offenders. This complex mix of needs affects a system's ability to work effectively as it draws upon a higher percentage of resources to care for female offenders. During this national discussion held on August 15, 2012, participants will ... Read More
VIDEO
2 video DVDs (151 minutes)
2012
Document 026701
A Quick Guide for LGBTI Policy Development for Youth Confinement Facilities
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This Quick Guide will help agencies and facilities develop a comprehensive response to working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) youth. It is not meant to provide an answer to every question or an in-depth discussion of all issues that agencies face or that the LGBTI population faces while in custody. It provides an overview of the important issues that agencies should consider when working to house and treat LGBTI youth in a way that is safe and consistent with an a... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2012
Document 026520
Drug Courts’ Effects on Criminal Offending for Juveniles and Adults
By Mitchell, Ojmarrh; Wilson, David B.; Eggers, Amy; MacKenzie, Doris L.. Campbell Collaboration (Oslo, Norway).
“The objective of this review is to systematically review quasi-experimental and experimental (RCT) evaluations of the effectiveness of drug courts in reducing recidivism, including drug courts for juvenile and DWI offenders. This systematic review critically assesses drug courts’ effects on recidivism in the short- and long-term, the methodological soundness of the existing evidence, and the relationship between drug court features and effectiveness” (p. 6). Results are provided for: a descript... Read More
PDF
87 pages
2012
Document 023803
Fifty State Survey of Vulnerable Persons Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WUL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document provides information regarding enacting state, statute number, statute title, coverage, definitions and notes, penalties, and applicability to youth for criminal laws prohibiting the abuse of individuals by their caregivers.... Read More
PDF
364 p.
2012
Document 026173
Is the Juvenile Justice Realignment Train Slowing Down?
By Butts, Jeffrey A.; Carrion, Gladys; Steinhart, David; Rodriguez, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NC4YC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
“After nearly two decades of falling crime, down-sizing juvenile corrections and detention is a central theme in a growing number of juvenile justice systems … What does the future hold for juvenile justice reform? Were the changes that occurred over the past ten years a permanent shift in policy and practice, or were they merely a temporary reaction to tight budgets and low rates of violent crime? Will policymakers maintain reforms if and when crime rises or budgets rebound?” Topics discussed i... Read More
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41 pages
2012
Document 027278
Legal Responses to Sexual Violence in Custody: Using Existing State Mandatory Reporting Statutes to Improve Disclosure of Sexual Violence in Correctional Settings
By Smith, Brenda V.; Ponds, Loren; Loomis, Melissa . National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
“This publication provides an introduction to mandatory reporting laws, and how these laws can help corrections officials respond to sexual abuse in custodial settings, both offender-on-offender and staff sexual misconduct. The importance of mandatory reporting laws cannot be overstated, given recent scandals involving the abuse of vulnerable populations, including youth. This publication provides insight into the utility of mandatory reporting laws, in light of the enactment of the Prison Rape... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2012
Document 023679
Fifty State Survey of Mandatory Reporting Statutes
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington School of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Mandatory reporting state statutes regarding the sexual abuse of children are compiled and reported. Entries include (if provided) the following information: state; mandatory reporting statutes name; what has to be reported; relevant definitions; persons required to report; reporting procedures; and penalty for failure to report.... Read More
PDF
368 p.
2011
Document 026987
Can Risk Assessment Improve Juvenile Justice Practices?
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL).
“A growing number of juvenile justice experts are suggesting a new, potentially more effective approach to reducing recidivism: first identify a youth’s risk of re-offending; then match services to his or her specific risk factors and responsiveness to specific types of interventions. This study examined the implementation of risk/needs assessment tools in six juvenile probation offices in two states, and what effects it had on the practices of the probation officers” (p. 1). Sections of this br... Read More
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4 pages
2011
Document 025180
Motivational Interviewing for Incarcerated Adolescents: Effects of Depressive Symptoms on Reducing Alcohol and Marijuana Use After Release
By Stein, L.A.R.; Lebeau, Rebecca; Colby, Suzanne M.; Barnett, Nancy P.; Golembeske, Charles; Monti, Peter M..
“This study evaluates the efficacy of MI [motivational interviewing] versus RT [relaxation training] in reducing substance use outcomes for incarcerated adolescents and examines the role of depressive symptoms in moderating outcomes.” While MI is shown to be effective in reducing the use of alcohol in adolescents with low and high levels of depression and marijuana use in individuals with low levels of depression, it appears RT is better suited to marijuana-involved adolescents with high depress... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2011
Document 025555
You're An Adult Now: Youth in Adult Criminal Justice Systems
By Ziedenberg, Jason. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"It has been estimated that nearly 250,000 youth under age 18 end up in the adult criminal justice system every year. However, little attention has been directed to how adult corrections systems are managing the youth offenders that end up in jails, prisons and under community supervision. To address this information gap, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) convened three dozen juvenile justice and adult corrections experts on June 18th, 2010, to consider some of the known issues, impact... Read More

40 pages
2010
Document 026149
Curriculum: Addressing Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
“Addressing Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody is a 36 hour educational program that focuses on the complex issues of sexual abuse of youth in custody—both staff abuse of youth and youth abuse of other youth.” Participants will be able to: understand the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) and identify its relevance to juvenile justice; identify components of adolescent development, sexuality and facility culture and understand their impact on sexual abuse of youth in custody; understand a ... Read More
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2009
Document 026012
Fifty State Survey of Juvenile Sex Offender Registration Requirements
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
State requirements for the registration of juvenile sex offenders are compiled and presented. Responses (if given) are reported for: registrable offenses; information maintained in sex offender registry; statutory basis for juvenile sex offender registration; duration of registration; community notification and website; and limitations on residency or employment.... Read More
PDF
254 pages
2009
Document 024165
Back on Track: Supporting Youth Reentry from Out-of-Home Placement to the Community
By Nellis, Ashley; Wayman, Richard Hooks; Schirmer, Sarah. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Youth Reentry Task Force (Washington, DC); National Alliance to End Homelessness (Washington, DC); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“Public safety is compromised when youth leaving out-of-home placements are not afforded necessary supportive services upon reentering their communities and are therefore at great risk to recidivate into criminal behavior” (p. 5). This report provides guidance and recommendations for achieving successful reentry services and programs. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; characteristics of reentry youth; collateral consequences associated with out-of-home placement; essenti... Read More
PDF
48 p.
2009
Document 024416
Greening Juvenile Justice
By Kravitz, Robert. corrections.com (Quincy, MA).
The strength of this article is in its discussion of an often forgotten part of greening a facility—the use of environmentally safe cleaning products and practices. The Alameda County Juvenile Justice Center in San Leandro, California is the green facility that has achieved LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification.... Read More
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3 p.
2009
Document 026824
Treatment of Impulsive Aggression in Correctional Settings
By Shelton, Deborah; Sampl, Susan; Kesten, Karen L.; Zhang, Wanli; Trestman, Robert L..
“This article reports the implementation of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy-Corrections Modified (DBT-CM) for difficult to manage, impulsive and/or aggressive correctional populations … The study supports the value of DBT-CM for management of aggressive behaviors in prison settings” (p. 787). ... Read More
PDF
14 pages
2006
Document 026621
Best Practice Principles: Gay and Lesbian Youth in Care
By Ragg, D. Mark; Patrick, Dennis. Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC).
“For adolescents, developing and integrating their identity can be difficult. For gay and lesbian youth, this task is greatly complicated because they must integrate an identity that diverges from mainstream society … Gay and lesbian youth need help resolving adolescent identity crises” (p. 1). This article provides guidance for out-of-home care professionals in supporting gay and lesbian youth as they figure out who they are going to be. Best practices tend to cluster around three areas: vulne... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2006
Document 025596
The Legal Rights of Young People in State Custody: What Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Professionals Need to Know When Working with LGBT Youth
By Estrada, Rudy; Marksamer, Jody. National Center for Lesbian Rights (San Francisco, CA); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
The legal rights of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) youth are discussed through the use of scenarios that show professionals in child welfare and juvenile justice what they may experience working with this population. This paper is divided into four parts: the Constitutional right to safety-- in foster care and juvenile detention and correctional facilities; other constitutional rights—the right to equal protection, and First Amendment rights; state non-discrimination laws; and co... Read More
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17 pages
2006
Document 026483
LGBT Youth in Detention: Myth and Reality
Correctional Association of New York. New York Juvenile Justice Coalition (New York, NY).
Ten myths regarding justice-involved lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth are addressed. The myths discussed are: adolescents are too youth to be aware of their sexual identity; LGBT youth are manipulative; LGBT youth should be less open about their sexuality in order not to get picked on; kids get picked on, so being LGBT should be no different; LGBT youth never complain so all must be OK; for their safety, LGBT youth should be separated from the general population; the only way... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2006
Document 021453
Juvenile Female Offenders: How Do You Meet Their Needs In Your Juvenile Justice Setting? [Participant's Manual]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Meeting the needs of juvenile female offenders is discussed during this 1.5-hour training session. Topics covered include: introduction to the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) collaboration; current perspective -- research into juvenile female offender practice; current research -- a look at the work of OJJDPs Girls Study Group; NICs approach to address the issue; curriculum excerpt from NIC/OJJDPs Meeting the Needs of Juv... Read More
PDF
2006
Document 021452
Recognizing and Addressing Sexual Abuse, Assault Prevention and Intervention Issues In Your Juvenile Justice Setting: A Companion Workshop to the Overview of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) [Participant's Manual]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
This Overview Workshop covers PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) in juvenile justice settings. Participants will be able to: recognize signs and symptoms of potential sexual abuse and assault in juveniles under their care; articulate the "dos" and "don'ts" related to working with juvenile victims of sexual abuse and assault; and analyze a scenario and decide upon an effective and appropriate course of action related to recognizing and addressing sexual abuse, assault, prevention, and interventi... Read More
PDF
56 p.
2006
Document 021504
Preventing Sexual Abuse of Children and Youth in Custody [Satellite/Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Incidents of sexual abuse of juveniles in custody are reported at a rate 10 times higher than the rate in adult corrections. This 3-hour program, originally broadcast June 28, 2006, addresses this serious issue and introduces administrators, managers, advocates, and practitioners working with juvenile offenders to the requirements of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) of 2003. At the end of this broadcast, participants will have a strong grasp of: requirements of the Prison Rape Elimination ... Read More
VIDEO
2 DVDs (162 min.)
2006
Document 021769
50 State Survey of Sexual Offenses Against Children (Statutory Rape)
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The responses from a survey about laws concerning the statutory rape of children are presented. Offense type, description, and penalty are noted.... Read More
PDF
160 p.
2006
Document 021636
Training Programs for Juvenile Corrections Professionals: Overview of FY2007 Training Programs [for] June 1, 2006 - May 31, 2007
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Training programs, satellite/Internet broadcasts, and e-learning are described. Information regarding training programs, information services, technical assistance, the NIC On-Line, and application procedures is also provided, along with application forms.... Read More
PDF
30 p.
2006
Document 021123
Keeping Our Kids Safe: The Prison Rape Elimination Act and Juvenile Justice: A Guide for Juvenile Justice Administrators
The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This program provides an introduction to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) for those individuals who work with youth in the juvenile justice system. The video covers locations of assault, consequences, approaches, statistics, prevention and reduction, youth issues, prosecution, outcomes, and action points. The companion CD includes: letter from the Director of the National Institute of Corrections (NIC); facilitator’s guide for “Keeping Our Kids Safe”; “Keeping Our Kids Safe” video; and ... Read More
VIDEO
1 DVD (23 min.) + 1 CD
2005
Document 021023
Meeting the Needs of Female Juvenile Offenders [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
This 38-hour course is designed to help juvenile justice agencies evaluate and respond to the needs of juvenile female offenders in their specific service delivery areas. It outlines a framework for translating expressed needs and profiles into appropriate programs and services. Eight sections comprise this manual:
  • Introduction;
  • Defining the context of juvenile female offender issues within the juvenile justice system;
  • Defining the context of juvenile female issues within your juven... Read More
ZIP
2005
Document 020508
Summary Report: Regional Workshops
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC).
Feedback from four executive level regional workshops regarding the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) is reported. Extended responses from groups of executive-level administrators and policy makers representing community corrections, prisons, jails, and juvenile justice follow an executive summary. Comments are organized according to the four roundtable groups mentioned above on following themes: critical issues currently faced in the successful implementation of PREA; barriers and obstacles w... Read More
PDF
27 p.
2005
Document 021569
Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Summary of Responses from Juvenile Focus Group on Staff Sexual Misconduct and Youth on Youth Sexual Assault
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Responses to thirteen questions regarding curriculum related to staff sexual misconduct with youth and youth on youth sexual assault are provided. "The objectives of the focus groups included: (1) to gather data that will inform NIC [National Institute of Corrections] in how to best develop a juvenile oriented curriculum on staff sexual misconduct; (2) to gather data that will guide NIC in identifying the major staff sexual misconduct related issues in juvenile corrections, including what stakeh... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2005
Document 021235
Addressing Staff Sexual Misconduct with Youth
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
Materials used during this training program addressing staff sexual misconduct with youth are available at this website. Participants of this course will be able to: define and understand the scope and impact of PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) in juvenile settings; understand the links between law and policy in eradicating the sexual abuse of juveniles under correctional supervision; understand the significance and impact of organizational and institutional culture on eliminating sexual viol... Read More
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2 p.
2004
Document 019713
Training Programs for Juvenile Corrections Professionals, June 1, 2004 - May 31, 2005
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Describes the training programs and technical assistance available from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Academy Division through an interagency partnership with the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Includes application instructions and forms. ... Read More
PDF
2003
Document 019183
Effective Retraining: Fun, Focused, Fresh! [Participant's Manual]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
The need for and process of retraining in an organization are discussed during this 3-hour workshop. Topics covered include: what does retraining look like in your organization?; benefits of refresher/in-service training; philosophy of adult education and its application to retraining; addressing four basic questions adults bring to training; and development of individual commitment statements. ... Read More
PDF
29 p.
2002
Document 017667
Managing Sex Offenders in the Community: A Handbook to Guide Policymakers and Practitioners Through a Planning and Implementation Process
By Carter, Madeline M.; Morris, Laura. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexa. Center for Sex Offender Management (Silver Spring, MD).
A handbook designed to assist policymakers and practitioners in the process of assessing and strengthening sex offender management for adults and juveniles is provided. Four sections comprise this manual: an introduction to this handbook and to sex offender management; the framework of the planning and implementation process; an overview of the steps in the planning and implementation process; and conclusion -- an ongoing process of collecting and analyzing information. Teamwork activities and ... Read More
PDF
96 p.
2001
Document 016747
Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol [J-SOAP]
By Prentky, Robert; Righthand, Sue. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexa. Center for Sex Offender Management (Silver Spring, MD).
A checklist "to aid in the systematic review of risk factors" for 12-18 year old boys is presented (p. iv). The manual for this experimental scale contains sections on: the development and validation of J-SOAP; references; frequently asked questions; scoring guidelines; scoring instructions for Scale I (sexual drive/preoccupation), Scale II (impulsive/antisocial behavior), Scale III (intervention), and Scale IV (community stability/adjustment); and J-SOAP scoring and summary forms.... Read More
PDF
44 p.
2000
Document 016538
Training Services for Juvenile Corrections and Detention Practitioners
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Training programs, videoconferences, distance learning, the Regionalization program, and technical assistance available from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Academy through an interagency agreement with the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) are described. In addition, general information, application procedures, and forms are provided. ... Read More
PDF
21 p.
1999
Document 015090
The Courage to Change: A Guide for Communities to Create Integrated Services for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Open Society Institute-New York. Center on Crime, Communities, and Culture (New York, NY).
Written to provide a view of successful principles, this guide offers information on how to develop, implement, finance and sustain programs that integrate the mental health, substance abuse treatment and justice systems for adult and young offenders with co-occurring disorders. The document provides an overview of the emerging landscape and covers start-up and implementation of successful integrated collaborations, financing programs, and sustaining successful programs. Included are appendices ... Read More
PDF
50 p.
1994
Document 011894
Competency Profile of Juvenile Probation Director
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
The juvenile probation director is responsible for juvenile probation operations within a local jurisdiction that provide a continuum of interventions for juvenile offenders and at-risk youth and their families, and that provide for public safety. Using a DACUM format, the duties and tasks of the juvenile probation director are listed.... Read More
PDF
3 p.
1994
Document 012265
Competency Profile of State Director of Juvenile Correctional Services
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
The state director of juvenile correctional services is responsible for directing the implementation of the agency's mission and all aspects of state juvenile correctional services. This document, in the format of a DACUM profile, outlines the duties and related tasks of the state director of juvenile correctional services. It also summarizes the traits and attributes; education/experience; equipment; and knowledge and skills needed to enter this profession.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
1993
Document 011273
Probation Case Classification and Workload Measures System for Indiana
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Indiana Judicial Center (Indianapolis, IN).
Sections one and two discuss the history of development and mission/purpose of the Indiana case management system. The next three sections address the implementation strategy for a probation department and use of case classification and workload measures. The last section contains case classification and workload measures forms, such as the adult risk assessment instrument, adult risk reassessment instrument, adult needs assessment instrument, and probation workload measures data collection inst... Read More
PDF
47 p.
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