U.S. Department of Justice

Browsing Documents Related to 'Offender Assessment/Screening'

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Date Title Type
2016
Document 031548
Presidential Memorandum -- Limiting the Use of Restrictive Housing by the Federal Government
By Obama, Barack, President. The White House. Office of the Press Secretary (Washington, DC).
"A growing body of evidence suggests that the overuse of solitary confinement and other forms of restrictive housing in U.S. correctional systems undermines public safety and is contrary to our Nation's values … a final report [was] transmitted to me [President Obama] on January 25, 2016 (DOJ Report and Recommendations Concerning the Use of Restrictive Housing) (the "DOJ Report") [at http://justice.gov/restrictivehousing], that sets forth specific policy recommendations for DOJ with respect to t... Read More

2015
Document 031402
Selecting and Using Risk and Need Assessment
By Serin, Ralph C.; Lowenkamp, Christopher T.. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
"The purpose of this document is to provide Drug Court staff with a concise and current overview of important issues relating to offender risk assessment and to provide a list of recommended contemporary risk instruments. Numerous risk scales are currently used in the United States … to assess static risk factors and criminogenic needs (dynamic risk factors that are related to the client’s propensity for criminal behavior), of which substance abuse is but one. Almost all of these are applied to... Read More

23 pages
2015
Document 029996
Washington Corrections Center for Women TEDx Talks
Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) (Gig Harbor, WA).
This website provides access to TEDx videos given at the Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) "Does Gender Matter" event on March 14, 2015. Topics range from the "Northern Cree Women's Honor Song" by the Broken Wing Center, "Tell Me You Don’t See" by Tiffany Williams, "Summon Your Courage" by Cathryn Cummings, "The Hard Stuff" by Felice Davis, "Judging Societie by Women's Prison" by Emily Salisbury, to "Coming to a Neighborhood Near Your" by Marriam Oliver". There are 21 talks.... Read More

2015
Document 029996
Washington Corrections Center for Women TEDx Talks
Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) (Gig Harbor, WA).
This website provides access to TEDx videos given at the Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) "Does Gender Matter" event on March 14, 2015. Topics range from the "Northern Cree Women's Honor Song" by the Broken Wing Center, "Tell Me You Don’t See" by Tiffany Williams, "Summon Your Courage" by Cathryn Cummings, "The Hard Stuff" by Felice Davis, "Judging Societie by Women's Prison" by Emily Salisbury, to "Coming to a Neighborhood Near Your" by Marriam Oliver". There are 21 talks.... Read More

2015
Document 029999
Pretrial Risk Assessment: Science Provides Guidance on Assessing Defendants
Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This issue brief covers: what an empirically-derived pretrial risk assessment tool is; why it is important to know a defendant's risk level; what these tools look like; how empirically-derived pretrial risk assessment tools are developed; what pretrial risk tools tell us about typical success rates by risk level; the number of places that use empirically-derived pretrial risk assessment tool; how we know these tools work; whether there is such a thing as a universal pretrial risk assessment tool... Read More

6 pages
2015
Document 030113
Risk and Needs Assessment in the Criminal Justice system
By James, Nathan. Congressional Research Service (CRS) (Washington, DC).
"There have been legislative proposals to implement a risk and needs assessment system in federal prisons. The system would be used to place inmates in rehabilitative programs. Under the proposed system some inmates would be eligible to earn additional time credits for participating in rehabilitative programs that reduce their risk of recidivism. Such credits would allow inmates to be placed on prerelease custody earlier. The proposed system would exclude inmates convicted of certain offenses fr... Read More

23 pages
2015
Document 031316
Using Risk and Needs Assessment Information at Sentencing: Observations from Ten Jurisdictions
By Elek, Jennifer K.; Warren, Roger K.; Casey, Pamela M.. Pew Charitable Trusts. Public Safety and Performance Project (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Center for State Courts (NCSC). Center for Sentencing Initiatives (CSI) (Williamsburg VA).
"RNA [risk and needs assessment] instruments are actuarial tools designed to inform community corrections-related decisions regarding risk management and reduction. They consist, in part, of static factors such as criminal history and age at first offense which are related to recidivism but cannot be altered through the delivery of services or treatment programs. In addition, and more importantly for recidivism reduction purposes, the tools identify dynamic risk factors (sometimes referred to as... Read More

236 pages
2015
Document 031329
The Growth of Veterans Treatment Courts [Podcast]
By Arnold, Aaron; Qazilbash, Ruby; Crawford, Greg. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC) .
"Veterans Treatment Courts are one of the fastest growing criminal justice programs in the United States. Since 9/11, more than 2.5 million Americans have served our country in uniform. Many of them have deployed several times. And many of these men and women in uniform are coming home and struggling not only with the physical wounds of war, but also its “invisible” wounds: post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury. Since the inception of the first Veterans Treatment Court by Ju... Read More

29 minutes
2015
Document 031314
Risk-Based Pretrial Release Recommendations and Supervision Guidelines: Exploring the Effect on Officer Recommendations, Judicial Decision-Making, and Pretrial Outcome
By Danner, Mona J.E.; VanNostrand, Marie; Spruance, Lisa M.. Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL).
"The Virginia Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument (VPRAI), known nationally as the "Virginia Model," was the first research-based statewide pretrial risk assessment in the country. The VPRAI examines eight risk factors that are weighted to create a risk score, and defendants are assigned to one of five risk levels ranging from low to high that represent the likelihood of pretrial failure. Although Pretrial Services staff consider the results of the VPRAI, there was previously no guidance for ma... Read More

51 pages
2015
Document 031543
Screening and Assessment of Co-occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Rojas, Elizabeth; Bartoi, Marla G.. Policy Research Associates, Inc. (Delmar, NY); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
"This monograph examines a wide range of evidence-based practices for screening and assessment of people in the justice system who have co-occurring mental and substance use disorders (CODs). Use of evidence-based approaches for screening and assessment is likely to result in more accurate matching of offenders to treatment services and more effective treatment and supervision outcomes … Key systemic and clinical challenges are discussed, as well as state-of-the art approaches for conducting scr... Read More

270 pages
2014
Document 030172
Offender Risk & Needs Assessment Instruments: A Primer for Courts
By Casy, Pamela M.; Elek, Jennifer K.; Warren, Roger K.; Cheesman, Fred; Kleiman, Matt; Ostrom, Brian. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg VA).
"Practitioners use risk assessment information to inform decisions at various points in the criminal justice system. The Primer is written for judges, policy makers, and other practitioners interested in the use of RNA [risk and needs assessment] information at sentencing for the purpose of informing community corrections related decisions regarding management and reduction of offender recidivism risk. It focuses on RNA instruments designed specifically to inform these community corrections-rela... Read More

111 pages
2014
Document 028095
Ramsey County Proxy Tool Norming & Validation Results
By Meredith, Tammy. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). Applied Research Services, Inc. (ARS) (Atlanta, GA).
Results are presented from a norming and validation study of the Ramsey County Proxy assessment tool. “The Proxy is three-question screening instrument used to triage community corrections populations for the purpose of moving those at low risk to minimum supervision without further assessment” (p. 1). Sections of this document cover: background and methodology; individual Proxy items’ relative importance; further examination of offending patterns; development of the proposed assessment tool; an... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2014
Document 028241
Employment Retention Inventory Explores the Predictive Factors of Job Loss: Research Project
By Taylor, P. Elizabeth. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"A new case management tool, the Employment Retention Inventory (ERI), is the focus of a study funded by the National Institute of Corrections. The study aims to: Determine the effectiveness of the ERI in predicting job loss; [and] Identify and target the risk factors related to recidivism that also contribute to job loss. The tool and the results of the study may be useful for employment specialists working in the field of corrections, as outcomes may affect their ability to help justice-invol... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2014
Document 028061
NCCD Compares Juvenile Justice Risk Assessment Instruments: A Summary of the OJJDP-Funded Study
National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
The results from a study of eight risk assessments used for determining which justice-involved youth are low-, moderate-, or high-risk for future delinquency are reviewed. Sections comprising this summary are: introduction; comparison of juvenile justice risk assessment instruments by agency, risk assessment model, and effectiveness; inter-rate reliability testing; validity and equity testing; and implications for practice. “Risk assessment should be a simple process that is easily understood an... Read More
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8 pages
2014
Document 028062
Beyond Risk and Needs Assessments
By Ore, Winnie; Baird, Chris. National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
“Most assessment systems target high-risk offenders. However, standard risk and needs assessments do not necessarily identify needs that are truly criminogenic for each individual; nor do they address responsivity. This is because these systems do not inherently identify either specific strategies and programs that reflect the learning style of the offender or approaches and programs most likely to motivate each offender to change behavior. This paper describes a comprehensive approach to assess... Read More
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16 pages
2014
Document 029668
Statewide Risk Assessment in Juvenile Probation
By Wachter, Andrew. National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) (Pittsburgh, PA).
This is the first "thorough systematic scan of the U.S. to determine the extent to which these [risk assessment] tools have been adopted across the country" (p. 1). Sections of this report address" statewide uniform assessment; layered/regional assessment; locally administered assessment; and design variation in assessment tools. An excellent chart shows the use of these tools by state with information supplied according to: state; probation administration; authority—state statute, probation age... Read More

4 pages
2013
Document 028060
A Comparison of Risk Assessment Instruments in Juvenile Justice
By Baird, Chris; Healy, Theresa; Johnson, Kristen; Bogie, Andrea; Dankert, Erin Wicke; Scharenbroch, Chris. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
“This study examined the validity, reliability, equity, and cost of nine juvenile justice risk assessment instruments. Though many researchers and practitioners believe that risk assessment is critical to improving decision making in the juvenile justice system, the range of options currently available makes the selection of the most appropriate instrument for each jurisdiction a difficult choice. This study was designed to provide a comprehensive examination of how several risk assessments perf... Read More
PDF
540 pages
2013
Document 028357
Colorado Reference Guide: Juvenile Screening and Assessment Instruments: Behavioral Health, Trauma, and Risk/Classification
Colorado Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice. Juvenile Justice Task Force. Juvenile Screening and Assessment Subcommittee (Denver, CO).
"One of the most important elements in any service delivery system is the identification of needs, risks and strengths of children, youth and families. The accurate screening and assessment of these individuals and family systems are necessary to develop appropriate, individualized service packages. The use of valid screening and assessment tools will assure that safety risks (either to the public or the youth) are identified accurately and appropriate interventions are implemented, that urgent ... Read More
PDF
43 pages
2013
Document 028352
Risk Assessment Instruments Validated and Implemented in Correctional Settings in the United States: An Empirical Guide
By Desmarais, Sarah L.; Singh, Jay P.. Council of State Governments (CSG) (Lexington, KY).
"Policymakers, practitioners, and researchers rely heavily on risk assessment tools as a way to direct resources and support recidivism reduction strategies. Risk Assessment Instruments Validated and Implemented in Correctional Settings in the United States: An Empirical Guide is a report designed to provide foundational knowledge and a working framework of risk assessment instruments for criminal justice and social service agencies, practitioners, and policymakers. Though variability exists acr... Read More
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Guide - 59 pages; Report - 65 pages
2013
Document 028248
Mental Health Screening in Juvenile Justice Settings
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"The majority of youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system have a diagnosable mental or substance use disorder. In fact, many youth are experiencing both. Combinations of mental illness and substance use are often referred to as either behavioral health problems or co-occurring issues. One of the most important steps in responding to the behavioral health treatment needs of youth in the juvenile justice system is to systematically identify these needs as youth become involved ... Read More
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2013
Document 028480
Assessing Pretrial Risk without a Defendant Interview
By VanNostrand, Marie; Lowenkamp, Christopher T.. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, TX).
"Although the use of pretrial risk assessments has increased in recent years, the proportion of jurisdictions employing these instruments remains low, and is estimated to be no more than 10%. This low adoption rate is due in large part to the fact that existing risk assessments require that information be collected through interviews with defendants. Conducting these interviews and verifying the information is a time-consuming and resource-intensive process that many jurisdictions cannot afford"... Read More
PDF
21 pages
2013
Document 027077
Years of Predicting Dangerously
By DeClue, Gregory.
The author looks at recent empirical evidence for clinical adjustments to actuarial-based risk prediction for sexually violent predators (SVPs). Based upon “five research studies directly comparing pure-actuarial to adjusted-actuarial risk assessment for sexual recidivism … the evidence does not show that adjusting or overriding the results of an actuarial instrument increases the accuracy of risk assessment. On the contrary, there is evidence that adjustments or overrides often decrease accurac... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 027196
Evaluating the Predictive Validity of Risk/Need Assessments: Recommendations for Correctional Agencies and Criminal Justice Researchers
By Williams, Kevin M.; Wormith, Stephen; Bonta, James.
These presentation slides should be read before anyone begins to investigate which risk/needs instrument to use in their agency or organization. Topics covered include: prevalence of structured risk/need instruments; evaluating risk/need instruments; issues in predictive validity meta-analyses; apples and oranges—fundamentally dissimilar instruments; how instrument characteristics impact predictive validity; 12 other critical distinctions among risk/need instruments; black-and-white versus shade... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2013
Document 027221
Request for Proposals: Court-Based Substance Abuse Assessment Services for Adults in Baltimore City District Courts, Baltimore City Circuit Courts, and Baltimore City Detention Center
Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc. (Baltimore, MD).
This is an example of a request for proposal (RFP) covering court-based substance abuse assessment services. Your agency may find it useful in creating your own RFP for similar services. “This request for proposals is being issued in order for BSAS [Baltimore Substance Abuse Systems, Inc.] to contract with a state certified substance abuse treatment program(s) for the purpose of hiring and supervising clinical staff to perform substance abuse assessments for the adult population at five of the C... Read More
DOC
26 pages
2013
Document 027582
Static-99/Static-99R
STATIC-99 Clearinghouse.
“The Static-99 is a ten item actuarial assessment instrument created by R. Karl Hanson, Ph.D. and David Thornton, Ph.D. for use with adult male sexual offenders who are at least 18 year of age at time of release to the community. It is the most widely used sex offender risk assessment instrument in the world … This site is dedicated to the community of Static-99 users, and governed by an Advisory Board whose members approve and submit content, and rotate responsibility for answering Static-99 co... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027545
Flow Charts of Jail Procedures: Health Intake, Assessment, and Routine Care Procedures in County Jails
By Barton, Keith; Dubose, Michael; Harrison, Edward. Community Oriented Correctional Health Services (COCHS) (Oakland, CA).
Materials on this website address the issue of health care service provision in many county jails. Access is provided to: “ Health Intake, Assessment, and Routine Care Processes in County Jails: A Brief Overview for a NACo Webinar Presented on February 24, 2012”; and a series of flow charts for the Intake Process, Sick Call, and Discharge Planning.... Read More
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2013
Document 027572
Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT): Administration, Scoring, and Reporting Manual, Version 1
By Taylor, Bryan. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) Washington, DC).
The Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT) “is an empirically derived multi-jurisdiction pretrial risk assessment instrument for use in Colorado. It is designed to improve the various pretrial assessment processes that exist in local Colorado jurisdictions … The purpose of a pretrial risk assessment protocol that includes the CPAT is to enable Colorado pretrial services agencies’ recommendations for bond conditions, the court’s ordering of bond conditions, and/or the agency’s pretrial supervis... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 027306
Doing It Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“The use of risk assessment instruments in juvenile justice systems across the country is growing rapidly. Advocates should be aware of how they can be used most effectively to avoid unnecessary incarceration and improve case planning for youth” (p. 4). This fact sheet explains: what a risk assessment tool is; the need to use them; how to choose the right risk assessment instrument; how to implement carefully following your choice; and making sure to gather and analyze data regarding the tool. F... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027307
Doing it Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice - an NJJN Webinar
By Vincent, Gina M.. National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“When your juvenile justice system puts youth on probation, does it assess them for risk? If so, do staff know how to use these assessments effectively? Or do the assessments just sit in a file, waiting to be dusted off? Whether your agency or jurisdiction is trying to choose the right risk assessment tool, or it already has one in place, you'll find this webinar from the National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) helpful.” The audience is introduced to the use of risk assessments for. The publica... Read More
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60 minutes
2013
Document 027610
Focus on: Adolescent Brain Development
Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) .
If there is one website anyone involved with juvenile offenders needs to monitor, it is this site. “Explore JJIE’s coverage of adolescent brain development and how it relates to youth system involvement, substance use and families and communities … The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) is the only publication covering juvenile justice and related issues nationally on a consistent, daily basis.” ... Read More
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2013
Document 027646
DASH-13: Desistence for Adolescents who Sexually Harm
By Worling, J R.ames.
"The DASH-13 (Desistence for Adolescents who Sexually Harm; Worling 2013) is a checklist of 13 factors that may be related to the desistence of adolescent sexual offending. Seven of the factors are related specifically to future sexual health (prosocial sexual arousal, prosocial sexual attitudes, hope for a healthy sexual future, successful completion of sexual offense-specific treatment, awareness of consequences of sexual reoffending, environmental controls that match risk to reoffend sexuall... Read More
WEB
5 pages
2013
Document 027548
Predicting Recidivism Risk: New Tool in Philadelphia Shows Great Promise
By Ritter, Nancy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As ever-increasing numbers of offenders are supervised in the community — witness the massive “realignment” of prisoners in California — parole and probation departments must find the balance between dwindling dollars and the lowest possible risk to public safety. The good news is that researchers and officials in Philadelphia, Pa., believe they have developed a tool that helps find that balance” (p. 4). This article explains how your jurisdiction can use a random forest risk-forecasting tool. ... Read More
WEB
10 pages
2012
Document 026947
Developing an Actuarial Risk Assessment to Inform Decisions Made by Adult Protective Services Workers
By Johnson, Kristen; Park, Kathy; Bogie, Andrea; Flasch, Shannon; Cotter, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) (Oakland, CA).
This purpose of this study “was to determine whether an actuarial risk assessment could be constructed that validly and reliably classified individuals reported for adult maltreatment or self-neglect, and whether workers and other agency staff would find the risk assessment useful in practice” (p. ii). Sections following an abstract and executive summary include: introduction; construction of the actuarial risk assessment for adult protective services (APS) workers; reliability testing the instr... Read More
PDF
127 pages
2012
Document 026786
A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
PDF
37 pages
2012
Document 026911
The Role of Screening and Assessment in Jail Reentry
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“Consistent with effective correctional practice, jails and their community partners should identify risk levels and criminogenic needs of returning [offender] populations and should focus their resources on individuals with the highest levels of both … This brief presents the two-stage screening and assessment process to determine risk and needs levels that is a core element of the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) model” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: the TJC initiative; r... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2011
Document 026987
Can Risk Assessment Improve Juvenile Justice Practices?
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Models for Change (Chicago, IL).
“A growing number of juvenile justice experts are suggesting a new, potentially more effective approach to reducing recidivism: first identify a youth’s risk of re-offending; then match services to his or her specific risk factors and responsiveness to specific types of interventions. This study examined the implementation of risk/needs assessment tools in six juvenile probation offices in two states, and what effects it had on the practices of the probation officers” (p. 1). Sections of this br... Read More
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4 pages
2011
Document 024954
State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
“This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
PDF
42 pages
2011
Document 025120
Desktop Guide for Tribal Probation Personnel: The Screening and Assessment Process
By Cobb, Kimberly A.; Mowatt, Mary Ann; Matz, Adam; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
"This guide is intended to provide tribal probation personnel with information on how the screening and assessment process can facilitate and promote offender accountability and long-term behavior change" (p. 2). Sections comprising this publication are: community corrections in context; the screening and assessment process; benefits of screening and assessment tools; choosing a tool; challenges to using assessment instruments; using screening and assessment results; and conclusion. Appendixes d... Read More
PDF
80 pages
2009
Document 023758
Pretrial Risk Assessment in the Federal Court for the Purpose of Expanding the Use of Alternatives to Detention
By VanNostrand, Marie; Keebler, Gena. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Federal Detention Trustee (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL).
The identification of “federal criminal defendants who are most suited for pretrial release without jeopardizing the integrity of the judicial process or the safety of the community, in particular release predicated on participation in an alternatives to detention program” is investigated. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; population description; research objective one -- pretrial risk classification; research objective two -- risk levels, release and detention rates... Read More
PDF
53 p.
2008
Document 024311
Gender Responsive Classification Instruments for Women Offenders: What Do They Look Like and How Will They Improve Practice? [Lesson Plan]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This two-hour training session is for correctional managers wanting to implement risk and needs assessments for adult female offenders. Participants will: become familiar with gender-responsive assessments and approaches; and receive information regarding the adoption of the Women’s Risk and Needs Assessment instrument. Topics discussed include: evidence-based practice; risk/needs assessment; gender-neutral risk assessment; women offenders; gender-responsive concepts; risk assessment validation;... Read More

12 p.
2008
Document 025819
Gender-Responsive Program Assessment Tool
By Covington, Stephanie S.; Bloom, Barbara E.. Center for Gender and Justice (La Jolla, CA).
“The Gender-Responsive Program Assessment tool is an instrument by which program administrators, program evaluators, agency monitors and staff can evaluate the gender responsiveness of programs for women and girls and obtain feedback that can be used to improve the quality of a program’s services” (p. 1). This tool allows one to evaluate these program elements: theoretical foundation and mission statement; site and facility; administration and staffing; program environment and culture; treatment... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2008
Document 022844
Achieving Accurate Pictures of Risk and Identifying Gender Responsive Needs: Two New Assessments for Women Offenders
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The development of new risk/needs assessments specifically designed for female offenders is discussed. This report is comprised of these sections:
  • The case for women's needs;
  • Development of new assessments;
  • Construction validation research;
  • Full instruments;
  • Implementation considerations;
  • Obtaining the gender-responsive assessments;
  • And conclusion.
... Read More
PDF
26 p.
2008
Document 022904
Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2008: Applying Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Articles in this issue include:
  • “Foreword” by Ken Rose
  • “A Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Pretrial Services” by John Clark
  • “Advancing Evidence-Based Practices in the Pretrial Field” by Katie Green, Pat Smith, and Kristina Bryant
  • “Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado” by Michael R. Jones and Sue Ferrere
  • “Pretrial Defendants: Are They Getting Too Much of a Good Thing?” by Barbara M. Hankey
  • “Charge Specialty and Revicti... Read More
PDF
40 p.
2008
Document 022999
Improving Pretrial Assessment and Supervision in Colorado
By Jones, Michael R.; Ferrere, Sue. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The Colorado Improving Supervised Pretrial Release (CISPR) Project, an innovative pretrial initiative, is described. This article contains these sections; introduction; aims of the CISPR Project; and CISPR phases -- develop statistically validated pretrial release risk assessment instrument, match risks and interventions, educate system stakeholders, prepare documentation, assist with local implementation, and solidify progress. Phase I should last through 2008 with following phases continuing ... Read More
PDF
5 p.
2008
Document 023364
Overview of Domestic Violence (DV) Risk Assessment Instruments (Frequently Asked Questions)
By Bechtel, Kristin; Woodward, Bill. National Institute of Corrections ((Washington, DC).
Frequently asked questions about domestic violence (DV) risk assessment instruments are answered. Topics covered are: why risk assessment instruments are needed for DV offenders; instruments that can be used to assess DV offenders; what can be done if caseloads are too high to provide a full general/violent assessment of all DV offenders; why one should use a general third generation risk assessment tool before using a specific DV assessment instrument; how to know there are “low” risk DV offen... Read More
PDF
5 p.
2008
Document 023357
Our System of Corrections: Do Jails Play a Role in Improving Offender Outcomes?
By Christensen, Gary E.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
"This document will review the role of jails and incarceration within United States' correctional systems and propose opportunities for jail officials to interact and collaborate with local criminal justice entities with the shared purpose of enhancing long-term public safety" (p. ix). Sections following an abstract include: practice within corrections -- does it work as a system; corrections within the U.S. -- the current context; evidence-based practice -- the effectiveness of criminal sancti... Read More
PDF
43 p.
2007
Document 023740
Gender-Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment, Final Report
By Wright, Emily; Van Voorhis, Patricia; Bauman, Ashley; Salisbury, Emily. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Results are provided from an evaluation of the gender-responsive risk/needs assessment used by Minnesota, the LSI-R (Level of Service Inventory-Revised), and a supplement called the "trailer". Sections comprising this report include: project history; women offenders and risk assessment; study methodology; results; construction of the final trailer instrument; treatment and policy implications; implementation considerations; and conclusion.... Read More
PDF
117 p.
2007
Document 023746
A Gender Responsive Risk Assessment for Women Offenders: Results for the Missouri Department of Corrections Probation, Prison, and Pre-Release Samples
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley; Holsinger, Kristi. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Results are reported for an evaluation of a stand alone risk/needs assessment instrument for female offenders developed for the Missouri Department of Corrections. Sections of this document include: gender responsive needs; Missouri Project history; methodology; analyses of findings; implementation issues; and conclusion.... Read More
PDF
100 p.
2007
Document 022394
Assessing the Utility of Risk Assessment Tools and Personality Measures in the Prediction of Violent Recidivism for Adult Offenders
By Campbell, Mary Ann; French, Sheila; Gendreau, Paul. Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
The validity and utility of various instruments used for predicting violent risk are assessed. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; methods and procedures; results -- description of database, predictive validities of risk measures for institutional violence and violent recidivism, comparison of effect sizes by generation of risk instrument, and comparisons based on the static versus dynamic content of the instrument, measure administration method, and instrument relevance ... Read More
PDF
47 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period314
No Vacancies? Osceola County Finds Keys to Attract and Retain Officer Staff
By Dowd, Denis. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Methods for recruiting and retaining qualified staff that have resulted in a turnover rate of 7% in the Osceola County Corrections Department are described. Strategies are organized according to the following areas: keys to recruitment; hiring success; retention; additional issues/questions; and final thoughts.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2006
Document 023736
Gender Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment, Final Report
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Bauman, Ashley; Wright, Emily . National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
Results from the Gender-Responsive Risk/Needs Assessment Project for Maui CARE are provided. Maui CARE is an "interagency collaboration with the communities of Maui, Molokai, and Lanai to improve criminal justice responses and outcomes for women and their families" (p. 9). This report contains sections about: project history; supporting research; study methodology; results; construction of the final trailer; summary of implementation considerations; and summary of policy implications.... Read More
PDF
75 p.
1997
Document 013916
Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Bartoi, Marla Green. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); University of South Florida. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
The rates of both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders are significantly higher among criminal justice populations than those in the general population. Screening and assessing inmates for these disorders is addressed in this document, with the focus on the instruments available for this work, and how to combine them to screen and assess co-occurring disorders.... Read More
PDF
133 p.
1993
Document 011716
Abstracts of Currently Utilized Substance Abuse Assessment Instruments
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
This document briefly describes ten substance abuse assessment instruments in use throughout the United States. Each abstract describes the instrument's purpose, target population, validity and reliability data, administration/scoring, training requirements, source, and cost.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
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