U.S. Department of Justice

Browsing Documents Related to 'Co-Occurring Disorders'

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Date Title Type
2016
Document 031548
Presidential Memorandum -- Limiting the Use of Restrictive Housing by the Federal Government
By Obama, Barack, President. The White House. Office of the Press Secretary (Washington, DC).
"A growing body of evidence suggests that the overuse of solitary confinement and other forms of restrictive housing in U.S. correctional systems undermines public safety and is contrary to our Nation's values … a final report [was] transmitted to me [President Obama] on January 25, 2016 (DOJ Report and Recommendations Concerning the Use of Restrictive Housing) (the "DOJ Report") [at http://justice.gov/restrictivehousing], that sets forth specific policy recommendations for DOJ with respect to t... Read More

2015
Document 031317
Municipal Courts: An Effective Tool for Diverting People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders from the Criminal Justice System
Policy Research Associates, Inc. (Delmar, NY); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
The opportunity for diverting offenders with mental illness and substance abuse disorders from the criminal justice system when they have their first appearance in a municipal court is explained. Sections of this publication include: introduction; Sequential Intercept Model (SIM); municipal courts—definition and caseloads; municipal courts as a venue for diversion of people with mental and substance use disorders; challenges to the use of municipal courts for diversion—case volume, time constrai... Read More

20 pages
2015
Document 031543
Screening and Assessment of Co-occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Rojas, Elizabeth; Bartoi, Marla G.. Policy Research Associates, Inc. (Delmar, NY); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
"This monograph examines a wide range of evidence-based practices for screening and assessment of people in the justice system who have co-occurring mental and substance use disorders (CODs). Use of evidence-based approaches for screening and assessment is likely to result in more accurate matching of offenders to treatment services and more effective treatment and supervision outcomes … Key systemic and clinical challenges are discussed, as well as state-of-the art approaches for conducting scr... Read More

270 pages
2013
Document 027260
Six Steps to Improve Your Drug Court Outcomes for Adults with Co-Occurring Disorders
By Steadman, Henry J.; Peters, Roger H.; Carpenter, Christine; Mueser, Kim T.; Jaeger, Norma D.; Gordon, Richard B.; Fisler, Carol; Goss, Stephen; Olson, Eric; Osher, Fred C.; Noether, Chanson D.; Hardin, Carolyn. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“One of the biggest challenges for drug courts is effectively working with participants with co-occurring disorders. By definition, persons with the dual diagnosis of both substance use disorders and mental illnesses have co-occurring disorders … every adult drug court can achieve positive outcomes for persons with co-occurring disorders—if the court is committed to doing so. With some creativity and thoughtful planning, most persons with co-occurring disorders can successfully participate in d... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 026605
Adults with Behavioral Health Needs Under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery
By Osher, Fred; D'Amora, David A.; Plotkin, Martha; Jarrett, Nicole; Eggleston, Alexa. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY); Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project (New York, NY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This white paper presents a shared framework for reducing recidivism and behavioral health problems among individuals under correctional control or supervision—that is, for individuals in correctional facilities or who are on probation or parole. The paper is written for policymakers, administrators, and practitioners committed to making the most effective use of scarce resources to improve outcomes for individuals with behavioral health problems who are involved in the corrections system. It i... Read More
PDF
82 pages
2007
Document 022134
Increasing Collaboration Between Corrections and Mental Health Organizations: Orange County Case Study
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Criminal Justice Mental Health Consensus Project (Lexington, KY); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The use of the Mental Health Pretrial Release Program (MHPTR) by the Orange County Jail, in order to identify those individuals with mental illness who can be safely supervised in the community prior to their trials, is discussed. Seven sections comprising this case study are: introduction; summary of initiatives; first steps -- 1999-2004; beyond the Central Receiving Center -- 2004-2006; assessing the impact of new initiatives; looking ahead -- challenges; and dimensions of collaboration. Succ... Read More
PDF
20 p.
2005
Document 020872
Systemic Criminal Justice Planning: Improving Responses to Women Offenders in Hamilton County, Ohio
By Berman, Judy. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The use of systemic criminal justice planning by Hamilton County (OH) to improve services and programming for women offenders is reviewed. This bulletin is comprised of the following sections: introduction; the systemic planning process; members of the Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Team; steps in the collaborative systemic planning process (chart); how decision mapping works; sample findings and results; the Alternative Interventions for Women (AIW) Treatment Program; and le... Read More
PDF
15 p.
2002
Document 019152
The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Disorders in Jails
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
The impacts of offenders with co-occurring disorders upon jails are described. Sections of this document include: jails; mental disorders; receipt of needed mental health services in jails; substance abuse disorders; and co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse disorders.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
2000
Document 017338
Creating Integrated Service Systems for People with Co-Occurring Disorders Diverted from the Criminal Justice System: The King County (Seattle) Experience
By Wertheimer, David. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
The development of an integrated system that shares clients, information, planning, and resources is described. Topics addressed include: finding a common ground for promoting systems integration; what an integrated system is; key tactics; finding support for integrated diversion services; and the importance of disclosing "up-front" investments.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
1999
Document 015090
The Courage to Change: A Guide for Communities to Create Integrated Services for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Open Society Institute-New York. Center on Crime, Communities, and Culture (New York, NY).
Written to provide a view of successful principles, this guide offers information on how to develop, implement, finance and sustain programs that integrate the mental health, substance abuse treatment and justice systems for adult and young offenders with co-occurring disorders. The document provides an overview of the emerging landscape and covers start-up and implementation of successful integrated collaborations, financing programs, and sustaining successful programs. Included are appendices ... Read More
PDF
50 p.
1999
Document 015455
Addressing the Needs of Women in Mental Illness/Substance Use Disorder Jail Diversion Programs
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
The number of women offenders has increased 273% during the last 15 years. Unfortunately, there has been little done to redesign programs and services to meet the needs of women. An example of a successful program designed for the diversion of female offenders with co-occurring disorders is the Phoenix Project of Wicomico County, Maryland. This pre- and post-booking diversion program provides intensive case management and integrated mental health and substance abuse services on site. Brokered se... Read More
PDF
6 p.
1999
Document 015448
Drug Courts as a Partner in Mental Health and Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders Diversion Programs
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
When compared to other community supervision programs, drug courts provide more comprehensive supervision and more frequent drug testing and monitoring. Drug Courts all have higher rates of retention. Lane County's use of a drug court to improve supervision of participants with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders in post-booking jail diversion is highlighted.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
1997
Document 013916
Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Bartoi, Marla Green. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); University of South Florida. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
The rates of both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders are significantly higher among criminal justice populations than those in the general population. Screening and assessing inmates for these disorders is addressed in this document, with the focus on the instruments available for this work, and how to combine them to screen and assess co-occurring disorders.... Read More
PDF
133 p.
1997
Document 013914
The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders in the Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
Having a substance abuse disorder is related to a higher likelihood of having a co-occurring mental illness. Similarly, having a mental illness increases the probability of having a co-occurring substance abuse disorder. This paper details the occurrences of both disorders in the nation's jails, prisons, and community corrections agencies.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
1997
Document 014263
Involving Families in Systems Change: Improving Services for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems: Strategies for Families [and Strategies for Service Providers] Brochures]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Policy Research, Inc. (Delmar, NY).
These brief brochures describe the strategies for families and for service providers that are available through the GAINS Center. Included are examples of success, challenges to involving families, and resources for further information.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
1997
Document 014754
Intervention Strategies for Offenders with Co-Occurring Disorders: What Works?
By Peters, Roger H.; Hills, Holly A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. University of Florida. Louis de la Porte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
Various models of intervention have been developed to address the needs of persons with co-occurring disorders. Therapeutic communities, 12-step programs, and cognitive-behavioral interventions that were designed initially to treat mental illness have been modified to address co-occurring substance abuse. This report highlights the need for additional monitoring of persons with co-occurring disorders who are under community supervision, and the importance of cross-training for supervision office... Read More
PDF
56 p.
1996
Document 013913
The National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System: Brochures
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); Policy Research, Inc. (Delmar, NY).
Five brochures are included in this document, with titles as follows: Jail Diversion/Creating Alternatives for Persons with Mental Illnesses; Addressing the Specific Needs of Women with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System; Treatment of People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Criminal Justice System; The National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System; and Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
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