U.S. Department of Justice

Evidence-Based Decision Making

A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in State and Local Criminal Justice Systems

EBDM Initiative Phase V


March 2015: NIC has developed training and technical assistance plans to provide focused support and the assistance needed to complete the activities of EBDM Phase V, the in-depth analysis and planning necessary for improved public safety outcomes. Each of the selected 21 state and local criminal justice policy teams will be assigned a technical assistance provider who will be on-site at least once per month through March 2016. The site coordinator--a content expert and coach—will facilitate stakeholders through the “EBDM Roadmap,” a step-by-step process for applying the EBDM framework across each state and the selected local jurisdictions.

The State of Indiana team is sponsored by The Indiana Judicial Center and chaired by Chief Justice Steven H. David. The Indiana State policy team will work the criminal justice policy teams from:
  • Bartholomew County
  • Hamilton County
  • Hendricks County
  • Jefferson County
  • Porter County
  • Tipton County
  • Grant County (Current EBDM site)


The State of Virginia team is sponsored by The Office of the Secretary of Public Safety and Homeland Security and is co-chaired by Tonya Vincent, Deputy Secretary and Victoria Cochran, Deputy Secretary. The Virginia State policy team will work with the Criminal Justice Policy Teams from:
  • Chesterfield County
  • City of Norfolk
  • City of Petersburg
  • Prince William County
  • City of Richmond
  • City of Staunton
  • Charlottesville/Albemarle County (Current EBDM site)


The State of Wisconsin team is sponsored by The Wisconsin Department of Justice and co-chaired by Attorney General Brad D. Schimel and Department of Correction’s Secretary Edward F. Wall. The Wisconsin State policy team will work with the Criminal Justice Policy Teams from:
  • Chippewa County
  • La Crosse County
  • Marathon County
  • Outagamie County
  • Rock County
  • Waukesha County
  • Milwaukee County (Current EBDM site)
  • Eau Claire County (Current EBDM site)

    About this Initiative


    Over the last five years, NIC has partnered with the Center for Effective Public Policy to build a systemwide framework (arrest through final disposition and discharge) that when implemented will result in more collaborative, evidence-based decision making and practices in local criminal justice systems.

    The purpose of this initiative is to equip criminal justice policymakers in local communities with the information, processes, and tools that will result in measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction reoffending. The initiative is grounded in two decades of research on the factors that contribute to criminal reoffending and the methods the justice system can employ to interrupt the cycle of reoffense.

    The initiative has completed four phases. The jurisdictions that participated in Phase I culminated in the development of the framework outlined in A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems ("the Framework"). The Framework describes key criminal justice decision points and evidence-based knowledge about effective justice practices. It defines risk and harm reduction as key goals of the criminal justice system and begins to lay out practical local level strategies for applying these principles and techniques.

    In the second phase of this initiative, NIC – and its collaborating partner the Office of Justice Programs(OJP) – selected seven seed sites that were interested in and well positioned to pilot the Framework. These sites are:
    • Grant County, Indiana
    • Mesa County, Colorado
    • Milwaukee County, Wisconsin
    • Ramsey County, Minnesota
    • Eau Claire County, Wisconsin
    • Charlottesville, Virginia
    • Yamhill County, Oregon

    After reviewing the demonstrated results attained by the Phase II to III pilot sites (increased efficiency, decreased costs, and improved public safety), leaders from each pilot site state(representatives from key state agencies, law enforcement, public defense, prosecution, the judiciary, probation and parole and others) participated in Phase IV. The goal of Phase IV was to build capacity within each of the EBDM states, by expanding the scope to include additional local jurisdictions and state-level policy teams. Four states participated in the activities of Phase IV and submitted applications to participate in Phase V of the EBDM Initiative.


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Recommended Reading

Date Title Type
2012
Document 029767
Evaluation of Phase II Technical Assistance for Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
By Buck Willison, Janeen; Lachman, Pamela; Pope, Dwight; Holand, Ashleigh. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); NIC-11A08GKH1. Urban Institute. Crime and Justice (Washington, DC).
"This report describes the EBDM [Evidence-Based Decision-Making] Phase II technical assistance approach and presents findings and themes from the process evaluation and outcome assessment (conducted from October 2010 to February 2012) of the technical assistance delivered to the seven sites selected under Phase II of the EBDM initiative … The Phase II technical assistance approach sought to facilitate both the Framework’s goals of recidivism reduction and harm reduction. This involved the adopti... Read More
PDF
66 pages
2014
Document 029768
Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems Initiative
By Buck Willison, Janeen; Lachman, Pamela; Pope, Dwight; Holand, Ashleigh. NIC-11A08GKH1. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
This brief covers results from the report "Evaluation of Phase II Technical Assistance for Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems" by Janeen Buck Willison, Pamela Lachman, Dwight Pope, and Ashleigh Holand (issued June 2012) available at http://nicic.gov/Library/029767. It "describes the EBDM Phase II technical assistance approach and presents findings and themes from the process evaluation and outcome assessment of the technical assistance delivered to the seven sites s... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2010
Document 024372
A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); Justice Management Institute (JMI) (Denver, CO); The Carey Group (Viera, FL).
This report is essential reading for individuals wanting to achieve "measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction reoffending" (p.6). Eight sections follow an introduction (a new paradigm for the justice system): underlying premises; the key decision points, decision makers, and stakeholders in the criminal justice system; examining justice system decision making through the lens of harm reduction; the principles underlying the framework; applying evidence-based principles to... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2014
Document 027940
Dosage Probation: Rethinking the Structure of Probation Sentences
By Carter, Madeline M.; Sankovitz, Richard J.. NIC-12CS09GKM1; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) (Silver Spring, MD).
This is a great introduction to a new probation strategy which links “the duration of probation supervision to the optimal amount of intervention an offender needs in order to reduce risk of reoffense”. This monograph “provides a policy and practice framework upon which this new model of supervision can be constructed. It offers a review of evidence-based approaches to reducing recidivism in our communities, the most recent research on dosage, and its applicability to sentencing and community su... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2013
Document 028469
Toward Evidence-Based Decision Making in Community Corrections: Research and Strategies for Successful Implementation
By Haas, Stephen M., editor. Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) (Washington, DC).
This publication "contains invited articles on community corrections, with special emphasis on successful implementation strategies. A common thread that runs through these articles relates to what is needed to better ensure fidelity to evidence-based practices in community supervision and treatment. The research and implementation strategies shared by the authors should provide greater guidance to agency and program administrators working to assimilate evidence-based practices into their organi... Read More
PDF
17 pages

Available Training Opportunities

  • Available Online - Evidence-Based Practices for Supervisors
    This e-course is intended for first-line supervisors responsible for either line staff or line officers whose daily responsibilities require direct interaction with offenders and whose agencies have made a commitment to implement evidence-based practices. However, other position levels may find value in this e-course.
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