U.S. Department of Justice
New in the Library
Bureau of Prisons: Management of New Prison Activations Can Be Improved
Posted: 1 hr ago
(2014) This report examines why the U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is behind schedule in activating (the process of preparing an institution for new inmates) six new prisons—FCI Mendota, FCI Berlin, FCI Aliceville, Administrative USP Thomson, FCI Hazelton, and USP Yazoo City. "BOP is behind schedule, in part, because of challenges, such as staffing, posed by the locations of the activating institutions. According to BOP officials, delays in receiving congressionally directed activation funding can exacerbate these challenges … GAO recommends that DOJ use its annual budget justification to communicate to Congress factors that might delay prison activation, and that BOP analyze institution-level staffing data and develop and implement a comprehensive activation policy and a schedule that reflects best practices. DOJ concurred with all of GAO's recommendations." Sections of this report include: Background; BOP Is behind Schedule Fully Activating New Institutions, and Does Not Have an Activation Policy or Schedules That Meet Best Practices; BOP Obligated Funds from Two Accounts to Maintain Partially Activated Institutions; The Six Institutions Being Activated Will Reduce Crowding System-wide when They Reach Rated Capacity; and DOJ Purchased Thomson to Reduce High-Security Crowding, but It Will Increase Costs.
New in the Library
Prisoners in 2013
Posted: 1 hr ago
(2014) This report presents "final counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2013, collected by the National Prisoner Statistics Program. This report includes the number of prison admissions, releases, noncitizen inmates, and inmates age 17 or younger in the custody of state or federal prisons. It also presents prison capacity for each state and the Federal Bureau of Prisons and the offense and demographic characteristics of yearend federal and state prison populations. The report examines capacity and enhanced sentencing data from California state prisons between 2010 and 2013 to chart the progress of the state's Public Safety Realignment policy." Some highlights include: U.S. state and federal correctional facilities hold about 1.6 million prisoners; the 3-year decline in the prison population ended in 2013 due to a slight (0.5%) increase in state prisoners; the federal prison population decreased for the first time since 1980.
New in the Library
Critical Elements of Juvenile Reentry in Research and Practice
Posted: 20 hrs ago
(2014) "The research on “what works” with youth involved in the juvenile justice system has grown substantially in the last two decades. Taking account of this new research, a number of states and jurisdictions have made significant changes to their juvenile justice policies and practices. To further this pursuit, this article offers guidance that draws from the most recent research and promising practices based on the new evidence. This article focuses primarily on juvenile justice policies and practices for youth returning to their communities from out-of-home placements (e.g., secure confinement, residential placements)." Topics discussed include: the reentry continuum; overarching case management; and six critical elements of juvenile reentry. Addition information and program examples are provided for each of the six elements—assessment of risk for reoffending, strengths, and needs; cognitive-behavioral interventions; family engagement; release readiness; permanency planning; and staffing and workforce competencies.
New in the Library
SAC Publication Digest
Posted: 20 hrs ago
(2014) "The SAC Publication Digest is a comprehensive collection of abstracts of state Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) reports, including reports produced for the SACs by outside authors or organizations … The Digest briefly describes the research, data collection, evaluation, and analysis projects and programs of each SAC, and covers a wide array of justice topics and analysis approaches not available from any other source. The Digest is a resource for anyone concerned with understanding the current major justice issues, as well as the administration of justice, in the states. The SACs are units or agencies at the state government level that collect and analyze information from all components of the justice system to contribute to the development of sound public policies and assess their impact." The Digest is divided into two parts: one part containing abstracts organized alphabetically by state; and the other part having the items arranged by topic.
New in the Library
Measuring and Using Juvenile Recidivism Data to Inform Policy, Practice, and Resource Allocation
Posted: 3 days ago
(2014) "To understand to what extent states currently track recidivism data for youth involved in the juvenile justice system and use that information to inform policy and funding decisions, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, The Pew Charitable Trusts’ Public Safety Performance Project, and the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators surveyed juvenile correctional agencies in all 50 states. This issue brief highlights the key findings of the survey and provides state and local policymakers with five recommendations for improving their approach to the measurement, analysis, collection, reporting, and use of recidivism data for youth involved with the juvenile justice system. In addition, examples are provided of how select states have translated these recommendations into policy and practice" (p. 1).
New in the Library
Presumption of Guilt: The Global Overuse of Pretrial Detention
Posted: 3 days ago
(2014) "Around the world, millions are effectively punished before they are tried. Legally entitled to be considered innocent and released pending trial, many accused are instead held in pretrial detention, where they are subjected to torture, exposed to life threatening disease, victimized by violence, and pressured for bribes. It is literally worse than being convicted: pretrial detainees routinely experience worse conditions than sentenced prisoners. The suicide rate among pretrial detainees is three times higher than among convicted prisoners, and ten times that of the outside community. Pretrial detention harms individuals, families, and communities; wastes state resources and human potential; and undermines the rule of law … Presumption of Risk examines the full consequences of the global overuse of pretrial detention. Combining statistical analysis, first-person accounts, graphics, and case studies of successful reforms, the report is the first to comprehensively document this widespread but frequently ignored form of human rights abuse." Sections following the Executive Summary and Recommendations are: introduction; the scope of pretrial detention around the world—its extent and cost; who the world's pretrial detainees are; circumstances of detention and impact on detainees and their communities; the causes of arbitrary and excessive use of pretrial detention; the implications for the rule of law; reducing the arbitrary and excessive use of pretrial detention; and conclusion.
New in the Library
Colorado Reference Guide: Juvenile Screening and Assessment Instruments: Behavioral Health, Trauma, and Risk/Classification
Posted: 4 days ago
(2013) "One of the most important elements in any service delivery system is the identification of needs, risks and strengths of children, youth and families. The accurate screening and assessment of these individuals and family systems are necessary to develop appropriate, individualized service packages. The use of valid screening and assessment tools will assure that safety risks (either to the public or the youth) are identified accurately and appropriate interventions are implemented, that urgent needs are recognized and dealt with quickly, and that services provided will likely result in positive outcomes … Specifically, the decision to include each instrument is based on the following: 1) The instrument must be directly related to behavioral health, trauma and/or risk classification; and 2) The instrument must be age and developmentally appropriate; and 3) The instrument must be quantitative; and 4) The instrument must be researched-based; and 5) The instrument must have empirical evidence that supports its utility. All screening and assessment instruments in this reference guide have acceptable reliability and validity data associated with them and all have, to some degree, been independently evaluated" (p. 4). There are 12 juvenile screening instruments and 11 juvenile assessment instruments described. Information provided for each instrument is: a brief description of the instrument; the Colorado agency using it; the juvenile population being targeted; the instrument's purpose; when the instrument is administered; the decisions that can be made using the instrument; skills needed by those who give the assessment or screening; training required by this person; cost; and contact information with website (if available).
New in the Library
Policy Implications of Police-Probation/Parole Partnerships: A Review of the Empirical Literature
Posted: 4 days ago
(2013) This article examines the benefits and challenges of interagency collaboration between law enforcement and community corrections. "The primary assumption of these programs is that both entities possess distinct intelligence and resources that if combined should better address, prevent, or intervene in the violence perpetuated by this criminogenic population" (p. 2). Sections cover: history of police-probation/parole partnerships; research and evaluation on partnerships; problems associated with partnership; and seven recommendations for policy and practice on police-probation/parole partnerships.
New in the Library
Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies
Posted: 6 days ago
(2014) "To guide and give greater momentum to recent calls for reform, this report examines a key driving force of criminal justice outcomes: racial perceptions of crime. A complex set of factors contributes to the severity and selectivity of punishment in the United States, including public concern about crime and racial differences in crime rates. This report synthesizes two decades of research establishing that skewed racial perceptions of crime – particularly, white Americans’ strong associations of crime with racial minorities – have bolstered harsh and biased criminal justice policies" (p. 3). Eight sections follow an executive summary: introduction; public support for punitive policies—historical changes in punitive sentiment, and the racial gaps in punitiveness and victimization; racial perceptions of crime—overestimating Black and Hispanic crime rates, and implicit biases against people of color; racial perceptions of crime linked to punitiveness; sources of racial perceptions of crime; punitiveness linked to other racial gaps in views and experiences—Whites' limited and favorable criminal justice contact, racial prejudice, and individualistic accounts of crime; consequences of a biased and punitive criminal justice system—eroded perceived legitimacy, and undermining public safety; and remedies and recommendations for the media and researchers, policymakers, and practitioners and other stakeholders.
New in the Library
Rethinking the Use of Community Supervision
Posted: 6 days ago
(2013) "This Article examines the reasons why community supervision so often fails and challenges popular assumptions about the role community supervision should play in efforts to reduce overreliance on imprisonment. While probation and post-release supervision serve important purposes in many cases, they are often imposed on the wrong people and executed in ways that predictably lead to revocation" (p. 1015). Six sections make up this article: introduction; history and structures of community supervision—probation and post-release supervision; the dynamics of revocation—conditions of release, methods of supervision, and responses to rule violations; responses to the problem of revocation; the different approach of limiting community supervision—limiting the sanction, limiting release conditions, and limiting terms of supervision; and conclusion.
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Corrections News
Adverse Childhood Experiences in the Lives of Juvenile Offenders
Posted: 51 mins ago
Earlier this year, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) released the first study to examine the extent of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) among young offenders. Results of this study showed that juvenile offenders in Florida have disturbingly high rates of ACEs and have higher composite scores than previously examined populations . In addition, the study revealed that females had a higher prevalence than males on every single ACE indicator . The ACE Study is a collaboration between the Center For Disease Control and Kaiser Permanente. ACEs refer to certain childhood experiences, such as emotional abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect, identified as risk factors for leading causes of illness and death. Additional resources on ACE and the criminal justice population include: Childhood Trauma and Women s Health Outcomes in a California Prison Population by Nena Messina and Christine Grella, October 2006 ACES Infographic: looking at how
Corrections News
Understanding Intimate Partner Violence
Posted: 7 days ago
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) defines Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) as a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans. The term intimate partner violence describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. This type of violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy. The Correctional Association of New York describes the impact of IPV to women in corrections noting that the vast majority of women in our correctional systems either have, are currently or will experience interpersonal violence in their lives. Estimates are that three-quarters have histories of severe physical abuse by an intimate partner during adulthood, and 82% suffered serious physical or sexual abuse as children. This is a critical issue impacting women in our systems and those that are preparing for reentry into the community. The most recent National Intimate Partner and Sexual
Corrections News
Register: An Informational Webinar on NIC's Dosage Probation Solicitation
Posted: 7 days ago
An Informational Webinar on NIC s Dosage Probation Solicitation Date: Monday, September 29, 2014 Time: Please note webinar start time/your time zone: 10:00-11:30am PT / 11:00-12:30pm MT/AZ/ 12:00pm-1:30pm CT / 1:00pm-2:30pm ETTarget Audience: Multidisciplinary teams (i.e., courts, corrections, prosecution, defense, probation, victim services, and treatment) at the county and/or city level Register: To register for the webinar, visit https://nic.webex.com/nic/onstage/g.php?d=714012630 t=a Overview: The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) seeks to identify two jurisdictions to engage in a partnership to pilot test a new model of probation supervision, Dosage Probation. The Dosage Probation Model builds on evidence-based and promising practices to restructure sentencing and probation management practices, with the goal of improving offender outcomes (i.e., recidivism reduction) and decreasing the costs associated with lengthy supervision terms. Key elements of the Dosage
Corrections News
If you are looking for information on suicide prevention in custody, this web site is for you
Posted: 8 days ago
Suicide is a leading cause of death within jails, prisons and juvenile facilities throughout the country. The National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) is recognized as one of the leading experts in the prevention of suicide in custody. NCIA s Suicide Prevention in Custody Services, under the direction of Program Director Mr. Lindsay M. Hayes, provide services to local and state correctional agencies throughout the country to help alleviate the risk of inmate suicide and costly litigation. According to NCIA all correctional facilities, regardless of size, should have a detailed written suicide prevention policy. At a minimum, the policy should address each of the following eight critical components. Staff Training, Identification/Referral/Evaluation, Communication, Housing, Levels of Observation/Management, Intervention, Reporting, and Follow-Up/Morbidity-Mortality Review. One of the keys to suicide prevention is staff training - which is also an effective
Corrections News
Utah’s Mental Health Crisis Intervention Training Is National Model for Patrol and Detention
Posted: 10 days ago
By Brandee Casias, Detective, Salt Lake County Police Department, Salt Lake City, Utah Crisis Intervention Teams and crisis intervention training (CIT) have become a best practice in how patrol officers interact with mentally ill individuals. CIT skills and knowledge often make it possible for first responders to connect mentally ill persons with community care so they aren t admitted to jail. The same knowledge and interpersonal skills can be beneficial in the detention environment. This article describes the State of Utah s approach to delivering CIT training to patrol and corrections officers via regional partnerships of law enforcement and mental health agencies. CIT Utah introduced its CIT Academy for correction officers in 2007. To date, 25 corrections academies have been held, and 650 sworn and non-sworn personnel have been trained. The Salt Lake City Police Department is the administering agency for the CIT Utah program and is one of six national learning sites for spec
Corrections News
Current Research on Drug Abuse Treatment Practices and Outcomes in Correctional Settings
Posted: 12 days ago
The Institute of Behavioral Research at Texas Christian University (IBR) is a leading national research center for the evaluation of drug abuse treatment in criminal justice settings. Research conducted at IBR is intended to generate and disseminate knowledge that impacts state, national, and international policy decisions in the addictions field. In 2002, IBR was one of nine national research centers selected by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) to study drug treatment practices and outcomes and to examine strategies for improving treatment services for drug-involved offenders. Today, the IBR/TCU Treatment System includes a set of assessments and manual-guided interventions that target specific needs and status of clients in different stages of change during treatment. IBR Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJDATS II) focus on organizational and system-level implementation strategies, and are designed to identify implementation strategies that maximi
Corrections News
Register Now - Women Offenders: Developing an Agencywide Approach
Posted: 12 days ago
Women Offenders: Developing an Agencywide Approach, is a blended-learning program delivered in 3 phases with independent learning and on-site activities to include a) 1 on-line virtual instructor-led event; b) assigned independent reading, completion of an organizational readiness survey and gathering agency information and data to be used during the on-site training; c) 20 hours of classroom delivery over 2.5 days and d) follow-up coaching for each agency team. Each phase builds upon the previous one and all participants must be available to participate in all phases of the program. Each participant is required to come to the on-site classroom portion of the training (Phase 2) with fundamental knowledge about this population. Some participants will come with experience in working directly with women and have some familiarity with the research and recommended practice. For those who do not have this experience and information, it is critical that you read and familiarize yourse
Corrections News
PRC Upcoming Webinars & Events
Posted: 13 days ago
The National PREA Resource Center (PRC), operated by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency through a cooperative agreement with the Bureau of Justice Assistance will be offering several PREA webinars in fall 2014. Check the the PRC website for the most up-to-date information. All are free to attend. From the PRC Website: Upcoming Webinars The Clock Is Ticking: The Who, When, and How of Jail AuditsThursday, September 18, 2014 (2:00 3:30 p.m. EDT)Click here to learn more. Click here to register. PREA in Action Committing to Safety and Respect for LGBTI Youth and Adults in Correctional Settings: Lessons From the FieldThursday, September 25, 2014 (3:00 4:30 p.m. EDT)Click here to learn more. Click here to register. Demystifying the Jail Audit Prep and ProcessThursday, October 16, 2014 (2:00 3:30 p.m. EDT)Click here to learn more. Click here to register. Upcoming Events/Conferences September 14 16, 2014: 81st Annual Conference of the Virginia Sheriffs Associatio
Corrections News
New in the Library: Young Women of Color with Criminal Records
Posted: 14 days ago
From the Community Legal Services (CLS) of Philadelphia, Young Women of Color with Criminal Records: A Barrier to Economic Stability for Low-Income Families and Communities, presents data showing the degree to which minority women are impacted by their past criminal records. Highlighted from the report: In the past two years (2012 and 2013), CLS has provided legal assistance to 406 young people between the ages of 17 and 30 with criminal records barriers. Of these young people, 63.88% (or 260) are women, while 35.87% (or 146) are men. Of these young women, 87% are black and 6% are Latina. In that same time period, CLS provided legal assistance to 988 clients age 30 and older with criminal records barriers. Of these clients, 47.37% (or 469) are women while 52.42% (or 519) are men. Despite this more even split, women are still overrepresented compared to the population of people with criminal records generally. Of female clients age 30 and over, 89% are black and 4% are L
Corrections News
Science.gov: Your Gateway to U.S. Federal Science
Posted: 14 days ago
Science.gov is widely considered the go-to Web portal for authoritative government science information. Just one query on Science.gov enables users to search over 55 scientific databases and an index of over 2200 federal agency Web sites for government-funded research and development or similar activities in which there is a U.S. Government investment. It does not include sites that require a password or other access privilege. Users may search for information based on subject rather than by the agency sponsoring it, allowing users to access one site instead of many to find government science information. Content may consist of scientific or technical data, publications, databases, or contacts for experts in key areas such as health, defense, the environment, and science education. Hosted by the Department of Energy, Science.gov is governed by the interagency Science.gov Alliance. Science.gov is also available to the Spanish-speaking public as Ciencia.Science.gov.
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Training Opportunity
Executive Excellence Program
Register Before: March 31, 2015
(Begins May 31, 2015) This 10-month executive development program offers innovative learner-centered and competency-based training for future leaders of corrections agencies.
Training Opportunity
Executive Excellence Program
Register Before: December 31, 2014
(Begins March 15, 2015) This 10-month executive development program offers innovative learner-centered and competency-based training for future leaders of corrections agencies.
Training Opportunity
Jail Administration
Register Before: December 19, 2014
(Begins March 23, 2015) Jail administrators have significant responsibility and liability in ensuring that jail operations are conducted safely, securely, legally, and humanely. This 36-hour program focuses on the basic skills and competencies jail administrators need to effectively meet this responsibility.
Training Opportunity
Large Jail Network Meeting
Register Before: December 19, 2014
(Begins March 22, 2015) The goals of the Large Jail Network are to explore issues facing jail systems from the perspectives of network members with administrative responsibility and to discuss strategies and resources for dealing successfully with these issues.
Training Opportunity
Orientation for Probation and Parole Executives
Register Before: December 19, 2014
(Begins February 09, 2015) NIC continues to recognize the value of orientation for new probation and parole executives. This 40-hour blended learning course focuses on presenting core competencies and their related skills and behaviors to assist new chief executives with both the immediate knowledge and the long-term skills needed in the areas of leadership, personnel, strategic planning, staff safety, collaboration, fiscal resources, and other organizational development issues.
Training Opportunity
Orientation for New Pretrial Executives
Register Before: December 15, 2014
(Begins February 09, 2015) Extensive training that enhances the effectiveness of pretrial executives in maintaining and capitalizing existing services.
Training Opportunity
Executive Manager Program in Correctional Health Care
Register Before: December 01, 2014
(Begins January 06, 2015) The goal of this new training is to develop a better-prepared correctional senior-level workforce that is knowledgeable in health care administration. Training topics include: Government regulatory standards; Constitutional requirements and ethics; Strategic planning; Quality improvement; Workforce development; Finances; Contracts; Administration of health care; Mental health, Dental health, Custody needs to know; Keystone/Capstone case.
Training Opportunity
Executive Manager Program in Correctional Health Care
Register Before: December 01, 2014
(Begins February 23, 2015) The goal of this new training is to develop a better-prepared correctional senior-level workforce that is knowledgeable in health care administration. Training topics include: Government regulatory standards; Constitutional requirements and ethics; Strategic planning; Quality improvement; Workforce development; Finances; Contracts; Administration of health care; Mental health, Dental health, Custody needs to know; Keystone/Capstone case.
Training Opportunity
Planning of New Institutions
Register Before: November 21, 2014
(Begins February 23, 2015) This 32-hour training program teaches the importance of in-depth planning before starting facility design.
Training Opportunity
Women Offenders: Developing an Agencywide Approach
Register Before: September 25, 2014
(Begins November 17, 2014) This revised blended learning program, with combined independent and on-site activities will total approximately 40 hours over the course of a year. Incorporated into the course requirements are Blended-learning activities to include a webinar, an organizational readiness survey, independent reading and personalized coaching throughout the year to assist agencies in directing their planned change. On-site activities include a 2.5 day, in-class training at the National Corrections Academy in Aurora, Colorado.
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