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Managing Drug Involved Probationers with Swift and Certain Sanctions: Evaluating Hawaii's HOPE
HOPE (Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement), a community supervision strategy, is evaluated. Results of this investigation are organized into the following areas: primary outcomes--drug testing; missed scheduled probation appointments; revocations; incarceration; process evaluation; and summary of surveys—probation officer training, job satisfaction, stakeholder groups’ workload, and general perceptions. HOPE probationers have lower positive drug tests and missed appointments.