U.S. Department of Justice

Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach

Publication year: 2012 | Cataloged on: Apr. 03, 2013
ANNOTATION: “Recent research on adolescent development has underscored important behavioral differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the last decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The committee’s charge was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts” (p. 1). The main focus of this book is on how the juvenile justice system can increase the accountability of justice-involved youth while decreasing the amount of reoffending by these youth. Eleven chapters follow a detailed summary: introduction about the need for this study; historical context; current practice in the juvenile justice system; adolescent development; a framework for reform; preventing reoffending; accountability and fairness; reducing racial/ethnic disparities; achieving reform; the federal role; and moving forward. Appendixes include: “Cost and Benefits of Juvenile Justice Interventions”; “The Missouri Model: A Critical State of Knowledge”; and “Mentoring”.
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