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Contingency Management in Drug Courts: Research and Resources
JSTEPS is a “five-site research project [that] aims to guide each participating court through the implementation of an individualized Contingency Management (CM) protocol. CM interventions use systematic reinforcement with rewards (or punishment) to alter problem behaviors, usually substance use, in offenders. Rewards have been used widely in clinical treatment programs. They have been shown to successfully change targeted behaviors of substance abusers, including decreasing the number of positive drug tests and increasing treatment attendance.” Topics discussed based on JSTEP research include: principles of behavior change; positive reinforcement—value added in criminal justice; target behavior(s); methods used to reinforce sustained behavior change; whether CM is feasible in a drug or problem solving court; whether positive CM would improve outcomes in a drug court setting; research in drug courts; drug courts are making a difference; drug court outcomes can be improved; research on positive incentives; where to deliver CM; research on risk levels; risk level makes a difference; suggested targets for intensive monitoring and/or CM; JSTEPS principles of CM in drug and problem solving courts; and JSTEP goals.