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Targeting the Right Participants for Adult Drug Courts: Part One of a Two-Part Series
This publication introduces the reader to a wide range of scientific evidence regarding which offenders receive the most benefit from drug courts. Sections cover: high prognostic risk; defining risk; high criminogenic need; assessment; the DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic Criteria for Substance Dependence; suitability determinations; and alternative drug court tracks. “More than two decades of research has identified which individuals respond best to the drug court model and yield the largest returns on investment for taxpayers. These are the individuals who have negative risk factors for failure in less intensive treatment or supervisory programs, and who meet diagnostic criteria for substance dependence. Evidence suggests that drug courts can potentially double their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness by focusing their efforts on this high-risk/high-need target population” (p. 8).