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What Works? General Principles, Characteristics, and Examples of Effective Programs
This is an excellent introduction to “What Works” in correctional programming. “The purpose of this paper is to identify the major characteristics of effective offender programming as found in the research literature and provide a description of programs that work. The hope is that this document can assist administrative and treatment staff in the design and implementation of effective offender programming” (p. 3). Topics covered include: the death and rebirth of correctional programming; what the seven general principles and characteristics of effective treatment programs are; and evidence-based programming for criminogenic needs—recovery services programming, educational programming, employment programming, attitudes/associates/social interaction (cognitive-behavioral programs), marital/family relations programming, and programs addressing mental health problems. This report ends with a great chart showing the various program types, program description, recidivism reduction outcomes, and any other significant research findings.