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Browsing Documents for ' Urban Institute (Washington, DC)'

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Date Title Type
2015
Document 029759
Surviving the Streets of New York: Experiences of LGBTQ Youth, YMSM, and YWSW Engaged in Survival Sex
By Dank, Meredith; Yahner, Jennifer; Madden, Kuniko; Banuelos, Isela; Yu, Lilly; Ritchie, Andrea; Mora, Mitchyll; Conner, Brendan. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
This is "the first study to focus on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth; young men who have sex with men (YMSM); and young women who have sex with women (YWSW) who get involved in the commercial sex market in order to meet basic survival needs, such as food or shelter. The report documents these youth’s experiences and characteristics to gain a better understanding of why they engage in survival sex, describes how the support networks and systems in their... Read More
WEB
94 pages
2014
Document 027949
Justice Reinvestment Initiative State Assessment Report
By La Vigne, Nancy G.; Bieler, Samuel; Cramer, Lindsey; Ho, Helen; Kotonias, Cybele; Mayer, Deborah; McClure, David; Pacifici, Laura; Parks, Erika; Peterson, Bryce; Samuels, Julie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“States across the country are increasingly seeking cost-effective and evidence-based strategies to enhance public safety and manage their corrections and supervision populations. One such effort emerged in the mid-2000s, when several states experimented with a criminal justice reform effort built on a foundation of bipartisan collaboration and data-driven policy development. This model—justice reinvest-ment—yielded promising results, supporting cost-effective, evidence-based policies projected ... Read More
WEB
145 pages
2014
Document 029536
Understanding Social Impact Bonds and Pay for Success
Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
"Pay for success (PFS) financing and social impact bonds (SIBs) have generated immense enthusiasm in the public and private sectors as a means to shift risk and generate new capital for social programming. In PFS and SIB transactions, private investors provide capital for an evidence-based social program. The investors’ principal is returned with a profit if rigorous evaluation concludes predetermined performance goals are met." Resources on this webpage explain how to implement an evidence-base... Read More
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2013
Document 027104
Opportunities for Cost Savings in Corrections Without Sacrificing Service Quality: Inmate Health Care
By Schaenman, Phil; Davies, Elizabeth; Jordan, Reed; Chakraborty, Reena. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This report lays out ways that departments of corrections can consider to reduce inmate medical costs without affecting high standards for inmate medical services. Strategies for cost savings are presented that might be used by a department of corrections directly or included in contracts for outsourcing inmate health care. One or more prisons or jails across the nation use each strategy identified” (p. 4). This report is divided into two sections. Section 1—Summary: the issue of why so much mo... Read More
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44 pages
2013
Document 026981
Reinventing the Criminal Justice System--Justice Reinvestment
By La Vigne, Nancy G.. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The program interviews Dr. Nancy G. La Vigne (http://www.urban.org/bio/NancyGLaVigne.html) Director, Justice Policy Center, The Urban Institute regarding Justice Reinvestment. With state and local governments grappling with growing corrections costs and budget shortfalls, they are asking how they can reduce costs and get a better return on criminal justice investments while maintaining public safety. One answer is Justice Reinvestment, a collaborative, data-driven approach to criminal justice p... Read More
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2013
Document 027494
The Justice Reinvestment Initiative: Experiences from the States
By La Vigne, Nancy; Bieler, Sam; Cramer, Lindsey; Ho, Helen; Kotonias, Cybele; Mayer, Debbie; McClure, Dave; Pacifici, Laura; Peterson, Bryce; Samuels, Julie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This brief summarizes the efforts of states involved in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), a program designed to identify and implement cost-efficient, evidence-based criminal justice reforms. To do so, jurisdictions use data analysis to identify criminal justice population and cost drivers and then develop policy options to reduce those drivers.” Correctional population and cost drivers include: parole and probation revocations; sentencing policies and practices; insufficient and ineff... Read More
WEB
5 pages
2013
Document 027288
Opportunities for Information Sharing to Enhance Health and Public Safety Outcomes: A Report by the Criminal Justice and Health Collaboration Project, Version 1
By Parker, Scott; Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Horvath, Aaron. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Criminal Justice and Health Collaboration Project Working Group; IJIS Institute (Ashburn, VA); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This report was designed as a resource for the justice and health fields to: Identify the full range of beneficial information exchanges between the criminal justice and healthcare systems; Provide detail on specific information exchanges within the context of routine criminal justice and health operations; Serve as a guide to policymakers and practitioners seeking to implement information exchange, by offering detail on workflow and implementation issues; and, Offer a “blueprint” to certain sp... Read More
PDF
148 pages
2013
Document 027678
Stemming the Tide: Strategies to Reduce the Growth and Cut the Cost of the Federal Prison System
By Samuels, Julie; La Vigne, Nancy G.; Taxy, Samuel. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The federal prison population has risen dramatically over the past few decades, as more people are sentenced to prison and for longer terms. The result? Dangerously overcrowded facilities and an increasing expense to taxpayers. In [this] new Urban Institute report, the authors project the population and cost savings impact of a variety of strategies designed to reduce the inmate population without compromising public safety. They find that the most effective approach is a combination of strate... Read More
WEB
63 pages
2012
Document 026096
Criminal Justice Interventions for Offenders with Mental Illness: Evaluation of Mental Health Courts in Bronx and Brooklyn, New York
By Rossman, Shelli B.; Willison, Janeen Buck; Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Kim, KiDeuk; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, D. Mitchell. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The goal of the current study is to determine if participation in mental health court reduces subsequent criminal justice involvement--namely, recidivism as measured by new arrests and new convictions” (p. 2). The report is a measure that other agencies can use in determining the effectiveness of their own mental health court programs. Six chapters comprise this work: study context and literature review; evaluation design and methods; Bronx and Brooklyn Mental Health Court programs and business... Read More
PDF
202 pages
2012
Document 026121
Which Components of Transitional Jobs Programs Work Best? Analysis of Programs for Former Prisoners in the Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration
By Yahner, Jennifer; Zweig, Janine M.. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
An evaluation of the Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration (TJRD) was implemented in order to discover which components of the TJRD positively impact outcomes. Results are provided for TJ (transitional job) program components associated with employment outcomes and with recidivism outcomes, which seemed to work best, whether effects vary across offender subgroups, and how many days in a TJ are best. “Overall, we observed a pattern of findings indicating that one TJ program component in particu... Read More
WEB
17 pages
2011
Document 025726
A Case Study on the Practice of Pretrial Services and Risk Assessment in Three Cities
By Kim, KiDeukDenver, Megan. District of Columbia. Executive Office of the Mayor. Justice Grants Administration (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). District of Columbia Crime Policy Insitute (DCPI) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
The practices and operations of three pretrial service programs along with their use of risk assessments are examined. Sections of this report include: the Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia; the context of pretrial services; current practice in pretrial services in the District of Columbia, New York City, and Baltimore; and comparing the jurisdictions summarized. “The comparison across jurisdictions is revealing. It makes apparent that risk assessment practices cannot be sepa... Read More
PDF
25 pages
2010
Document 024369
Transition from Jail to Community Online Learning Toolkit
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
This online learning resource is an essential ingredient in the development of programs designed to help offenders reenter the community upon their release from jail. This program contains the following nine modules: getting started; leadership, vision, and organizational culture; collaborative structure and joint ownership; data-driven understanding of local reentry; targeted intervention strategies; screening and assessment; transition plan development; targeted transition interventions; and s... Read More
WEB
2 p.
2008
Document 023331
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative
Urban Institute (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative is described. “The TJC initiative is designed to advance coordinated and collaborative relations between jails and local communities to address reentry, leading to enhanced public safety, reduced recidivism, and improved individual reintegration processes” (p.1). Sections of this document are: introduction; jail transition—challenges and opportunities; the TJC model; system-level elements—leadership, vision, and organizational culture, colla... Read More
PDF
8 p.
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