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Date Title Type
Document 027949
Justice Reinvestment Initiative State Assessment Report
By La Vigne, Nancy G.; Bieler, Samuel; Cramer, Lindsey; Ho, Helen; Kotonias, Cybele; Mayer, Deborah; McClure, David; Pacifici, Laura; Parks, Erika; Peterson, Bryce; Samuels, Julie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“States across the country are increasingly seeking cost-effective and evidence-based strategies to enhance public safety and manage their corrections and supervision populations. One such effort emerged in the mid-2000s, when several states experimented with a criminal justice reform effort built on a foundation of bipartisan collaboration and data-driven policy development. This model—justice reinvest-ment—yielded promising results, supporting cost-effective, evidence-based policies projected ... Read More

145 pages
Document 027104
Opportunities for Cost Savings in Corrections Without Sacrificing Service Quality: Inmate Health Care
By Schaenman, Phil; Davies, Elizabeth; Jordan, Reed; Chakraborty, Reena. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This report lays out ways that departments of corrections can consider to reduce inmate medical costs without affecting high standards for inmate medical services. Strategies for cost savings are presented that might be used by a department of corrections directly or included in contracts for outsourcing inmate health care. One or more prisons or jails across the nation use each strategy identified” (p. 4). This report is divided into two sections. Section 1—Summary: the issue of why so much mo... Read More
44 pages
Document 026981
Reinventing the Criminal Justice System--Justice Reinvestment
By La Vigne, Nancy G.. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The program interviews Dr. Nancy G. La Vigne (http://www.urban.org/bio/NancyGLaVigne.html) Director, Justice Policy Center, The Urban Institute regarding Justice Reinvestment. With state and local governments grappling with growing corrections costs and budget shortfalls, they are asking how they can reduce costs and get a better return on criminal justice investments while maintaining public safety. One answer is Justice Reinvestment, a collaborative, data-driven approach to criminal justice p... Read More
Document 027494
The Justice Reinvestment Initiative: Experiences from the States
By La Vigne, Nancy; Bieler, Sam; Cramer, Lindsey; Ho, Helen; Kotonias, Cybele; Mayer, Debbie; McClure, Dave; Pacifici, Laura; Peterson, Bryce; Samuels, Julie. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This brief summarizes the efforts of states involved in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), a program designed to identify and implement cost-efficient, evidence-based criminal justice reforms. To do so, jurisdictions use data analysis to identify criminal justice population and cost drivers and then develop policy options to reduce those drivers.” Correctional population and cost drivers include: parole and probation revocations; sentencing policies and practices; insufficient and ineff... Read More
5 pages
Document 027288
Opportunities for Information Sharing to Enhance Health and Public Safety Outcomes: A Report by the Criminal Justice and Health Collaboration Project, Version 1
By Parker, Scott; Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Horvath, Aaron. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Criminal Justice and Health Collaboration Project Working Group; IJIS Institute (Ashburn, VA); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“This report was designed as a resource for the justice and health fields to: Identify the full range of beneficial information exchanges between the criminal justice and healthcare systems; Provide detail on specific information exchanges within the context of routine criminal justice and health operations; Serve as a guide to policymakers and practitioners seeking to implement information exchange, by offering detail on workflow and implementation issues; and, Offer a “blueprint” to certain sp... Read More
148 pages
Document 027678
Stemming the Tide: Strategies to Reduce the Growth and Cut the Cost of the Federal Prison System
By Samuels, Julie; La Vigne, Nancy G.; Taxy, Samuel. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The federal prison population has risen dramatically over the past few decades, as more people are sentenced to prison and for longer terms. The result? Dangerously overcrowded facilities and an increasing expense to taxpayers. In [this] new Urban Institute report, the authors project the population and cost savings impact of a variety of strategies designed to reduce the inmate population without compromising public safety. They find that the most effective approach is a combination of strate... Read More
63 pages
Document 026096
Criminal Justice Interventions for Offenders with Mental Illness: Evaluation of Mental Health Courts in Bronx and Brooklyn, New York
By Rossman, Shelli B.; Willison, Janeen Buck; Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Kim, KiDeuk; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, D. Mitchell. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The goal of the current study is to determine if participation in mental health court reduces subsequent criminal justice involvement--namely, recidivism as measured by new arrests and new convictions” (p. 2). The report is a measure that other agencies can use in determining the effectiveness of their own mental health court programs. Six chapters comprise this work: study context and literature review; evaluation design and methods; Bronx and Brooklyn Mental Health Court programs and business... Read More
202 pages
Document 026121
Which Components of Transitional Jobs Programs Work Best? Analysis of Programs for Former Prisoners in the Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration
By Yahner, Jennifer; Zweig, Janine M.. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
An evaluation of the Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration (TJRD) was implemented in order to discover which components of the TJRD positively impact outcomes. Results are provided for TJ (transitional job) program components associated with employment outcomes and with recidivism outcomes, which seemed to work best, whether effects vary across offender subgroups, and how many days in a TJ are best. “Overall, we observed a pattern of findings indicating that one TJ program component in particu... Read More
17 pages
Document 025726
A Case Study on the Practice of Pretrial Services and Risk Assessment in Three Cities
By Kim, KiDeukDenver, Megan. District of Columbia. Executive Office of the Mayor. Justice Grants Administration (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). District of Columbia Crime Policy Insitute (DCPI) (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
The practices and operations of three pretrial service programs along with their use of risk assessments are examined. Sections of this report include: the Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia; the context of pretrial services; current practice in pretrial services in the District of Columbia, New York City, and Baltimore; and comparing the jurisdictions summarized. “The comparison across jurisdictions is revealing. It makes apparent that risk assessment practices cannot be sepa... Read More
25 pages
Document 024349
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Reclaiming Futures
By Roman, John K.; Sundquist, Aaron; Butts, Jeffrey A.; Chalfin, Aaron. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Princeton, NJ). Portland State University. Reclaiming Futures National Program Office (Portland, OR); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
Individuals interested in developing a comprehensive substance abuse program for juvenile offenders should take the time to look at this evaluation. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; the Reclaiming Futures Initiative; costs; benefits; changes in offending; economic impact; and conclusion. “The preponderance of the evidence suggests that the Reclaiming Futures initiative was most likely cost-effective” (p.35).... Read More
38 p.
Document 024369
Transition from Jail to Community Online Learning Toolkit
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
This online learning resource is an essential ingredient in the development of programs designed to help offenders reenter the community upon their release from jail. This program contains the following nine modules: getting started; leadership, vision, and organizational culture; collaborative structure and joint ownership; data-driven understanding of local reentry; targeted intervention strategies; screening and assessment; transition plan development; targeted transition interventions; and s... Read More
2 p.
Document 024384
Reforming Juvenile Justice Systems: Beyond Treatment
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Brooks, Lisa; Salas, Meghan; Dank, Meredith; Denver, Megan; Gitlow, Elissa; Roman, John K.; Butts, Jeffrey A.. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Princeton, NJ). Portland State University. Reclaiming Futures National Program Office (Portland, OR); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
This report is for those individuals responsible for developing strategies to improve the effectiveness of their juvenile justice systems. Sections include: introduction; adding to evidence-based approaches—youth development (i.e., pro-social opportunities, Youth Advisory Committees, community involvement, family involvement, and mentors/”natural helpers”), and cultural competence—recognizing the need for cultural competence, addressing and increasing cultural competence, and crafting a cultural... Read More
34 p.
Document 024568
Evaluation of the Ridge House Residential Program: Final Report
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Roman, Caterina Gouvis; Wolff, Ashley; Correa, Vanessa; Knight, Carly R.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, D). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of the Ridge House program to reduce recidivism is examined. Ridge House is a “spiritually-based, short-term transitional housing program that provides substance abuse treatment and employability training to parolees in need of support and services as they transition from state prison to the Reno (NV) community” (p.iii). Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; Ridge House program; evaluation design and methods; impact analysis and findings; a... Read More
92 p.
Document 024631
System Change Accomplishments of the Corporation for Supportive Housing’s Returning Home Initiative
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Roman, Caterina Gouvis; Burt, Martha. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
Individuals looking to establish a supportive program for housing people being released from prison will find the challenges and successes of the Returning Home Initiative useful in formulating their own strategies. Sections of this report include an introduction; the Returning Home Initiative (RHI) as a system change agent; characterizing system change; the RHI site overview for New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago; RHI activities across the country; challenges; lessons learned at the policy... Read More
20 p.
Document 024702
Partnering with Jails to Improve Reentry: A Guidebook for Community-Based Organizations
By Crayton, Anna; Ressler, Liz; Mukamal, Debbie A.; Jannetta, Jesse; Warwick, Kevin. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
Anyone looking to create a partnership between a community-based organization (CBO) and a jail reentry program will find this publication very helpful. This guidebook is divided into these sections: introduction; understanding the big picture, incarceration and jail reentry; developing and sustaining a partnership with the local jail; working with the jail population and in the jail environment; examples of strong partnerships between CBOs and jails; resources for the field; and conclusion. Appe... Read More
64 pages
Document 023331
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative
Urban Institute (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative is described. “The TJC initiative is designed to advance coordinated and collaborative relations between jails and local communities to address reentry, leading to enhanced public safety, reduced recidivism, and improved individual reintegration processes” (p.1). Sections of this document are: introduction; jail transition—challenges and opportunities; the TJC model; system-level elements—leadership, vision, and organizational culture, colla... Read More
8 p.
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