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Date Title Type
Document 028239
Addressing the Intersection of Trauma, Mental Health Challenges, and Substance Use
National Governors Association (NGA) (Washington, DC). Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA).
It is critical that people learn about the intersection of trauma, mental health challenges, and substance use and how they will impact women and girls and their families and communities and overall well-being. Representatives from more than three dozen federal agencies have gotten together to focus on this issue and to develop collective strategies to address its impact. This webinar held May 29, 2014 aimed to address: "the historical context of the intersection of mental health substance abuse... Read More
81 minutes + 82 pages
Document 028314
Trauma Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (NICIC) (Aurora, CO).
"This bibliography attempts to offer a compilation of information on trauma-informed care by reviewing general information about trauma as well as focusing on the criminal justice system and corrections (women, adults, and younger people), peer support, and screening/assessment for trauma. In addition, definitions of many of these tools are provided" (p. 3). Eighty-four resources are organized into the following areas: trauma-informed care in general; trauma-informed care in the criminal justice... Read More
40 pages
Document 028184
Using Trauma-Informed Practices to Enhance Safety and Security in Women’s Correctional Facilities
By Benedict, Alyssa. National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (NRCJIW) (Silver Spring, MD).
"In the wake of significant research on trauma and the interventions required to address it, a number of correctional agencies have made efforts to increase the use of trauma-based services and curricula … This document provides a brief overview of trauma and its effects on women offenders, and specifically defines trauma-informed practices for women’s correctional facilities.3 It also provides key actions that facility administrators, managers, and staff can take to better align their operation... Read More
23 pages
Document 027942
Webinar: Isolation Practices With Vulnerable Populations: Impact and Alternatives
By McClard, Tracy; Erwin, Rodney J.; Henjum, Barb; Clark, Pam. National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
You need to view this webinar if you work with youth being held in solitary confinement, are a youth advocate, a policymaker tasked with juvenile reform, or are just interested in this issue. This presentation talks “about the psychological, physical, and developmental harm that can come to youth in confinement as a result of solitary confinement and isolation. While we know that isolation is harmful and traumatic for any youth, it can be particularly traumatic for youth with mental health issue... Read More
86 minutes
Document 028436
SAMHSA's Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed Approach
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA). Office of Policy, Planning and Innovation. Trauma and Justice Strategic Initiative (Rockville, MD).
"Trauma is a widespread, harmful and costly public health problem. It occurs as a result of violence, abuse, neglect, loss, disaster, war and other emotionally harmful experiences. Trauma has no boundaries with regard to age, gender, socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, geography or sexual orientation. It is an almost universal experience of people with mental and substance use disorders … The purpose of this paper is to develop a working concept of trauma and a trauma-informed approach and to... Read More
27 pages
Document 028152
Creating A Place Of Healing and Forgiveness: The Trauma-Informed Care Initiative at the Women’s Community Correctional Center of Hawaii
By Penney, Darby. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) (Alexandria, VA); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA); Advocates for Human Potential, Inc. (AHP) (Sudbury, MA).
"Recognizing that most inmates are trauma survivors and many common prison routines can re-traumatize women, the Women’s Community Correctional Center of Hawaii, under the leadership of Warden Mark Kawika Patterson, works to create “a place of healing and forgiveness” [pu'uhonua] through its Trauma- Informed Care Initiative (TICI) … Reducing the use of restraints and isolation has been a focus of the training and activities of TICI, since these interventions are likely to re-traumatize women who... Read More
9 pages
Document 027501
Trauma and Justice
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
“Reducing the pervasive, harmful, and costly health impact of violence and trauma by integrating trauma-informed approaches throughout health, behavioral health, and related systems and addressing the behavioral health needs of people involved in or at risk of involvement in the criminal and juvenile justice systems.”... Read More
Document 027657
Trauma-Informed Approaches: Federal Activities and Initiatives: A Working Document, Second Report
Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, it has become increasingly clear that addressing trauma requires a multi-agency, multi-pronged approach. Public education, prevention, early identification, and effective trauma assessment and treatment are all necessary to break the cycle of trauma and violence. Significant progress has been made in creating organizational cultures based on knowledge of trauma and its impact (“trauma-informed approaches”), strategies to prevent or reduce rates of violence and trauma, and ef... Read More
77 pages
Document 027853
Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Systems: Why We Need Them, How to Move Forward Toward Them
By Ford, Julian D.. Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); University of Connecticut (Storrs, CT).
“This webinar provides an overview of evidence-based and efficient methods of screening and assessment to identify youth in need of trauma-informed services or trauma-specific treatment in juvenile diversion programs. Evidence-based or evidence-informed trauma-specific treatments to which youth diverted from the juvenile justice system can be referred are discussed.”... Read More
78 minutes
Document 027735
Assessing the Relationship between Exposure to Violence and Inmate Maladjustment Within and Across State Correctional Facilities: Final Report
By Steiner, Benjamin; Meade, Benjamin. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). University of South Carolina. South Carolina Research Foundation (Columbia, SC).
“Offenders are exposed to violence at higher rates than the general population. Whether exposure to violence contributes to subsequent maladjustment once these individuals are incarcerated, however, is unclear … Inmate maladjustment [the inability of inmates to cope with confinement] threatens the safety and order of correctional institutions, so a thorough understanding of the relative effects of exposure to different forms of violence on maladjustment is important to prison/correctional facili... Read More
80 pages
Document 026931
Seeking Safety: A Model for Trauma and/or Substance Abuse
Treatment Innovations (Newton Centre, MA).
Seeking Safety is a therapeutic program for women suffering from trauma, substance abuse, and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This website provides abundant information regarding this program and trauma-informed treatment. Points of entry are: the book “Seeking Safety; outcome results from evaluations of Seeking Safety; a wide range of articles regarding the Seeking Safety model (description and implementation) and empirical studies about it, PTSD and addiction, cognitive-behavioral and... Read More
Document 026934
Providing Individually Tailored Academic and Behavioral Support Services for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems: Practice Guide
By Gonsoulin, S.; Darwin, M.J.; Read, N.W.. American Institutes for Research. National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk (NDTAC) (Washington, DC) .
“This NDTAC practice guide examines the principle that individually tailored academic and behavioral support services should be provided to foster better outcomes for youth involved with the juvenile justice system and child welfare systems. This principle focuses on the fact that, to address the academic hardship faced by youth involved with these systems—changes in placement, family mobility, disabling conditions, economic disadvantage, and involvement in the justice system—education providers... Read More
27 pages
Document 026965
Creating Trauma-Informed Correctional Care: A Balance of Goals and Environment
By Miller, Niki A.; Najavits, Lisa M..
“This article discusses the centrality of trauma [including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)] in the lives of inmates and explores components of what we will call trauma-informed correctional care (TICC). TICC is the adaptation of trauma-informed care for correctional settings in particular, which have their own unique challenges, strengths, culture, and needs. We will address a variety of themes related to TICC, including institutional and personal safety, staff training, cultural change a... Read More
8 pages
Document 026930
Seeking Safety: An Intervention for Trauma-Exposed Incarcerated Women?
By Lynch, Sharron M.; Heath, Nicole M.; Mathews, Kathleen C.; Cepeda, Galatia J. .
“Recent guidelines for incarcerated women's programming have called for interventions that address offenders' traumatic experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use in an integrated manner. Seeking Safety (SS) is an empirically supported cognitive behavioral manualized treatment for individuals with PTSD and substance use disorders” (p. 88). This article reports on the effectiveness of SS with incarcerated women. The research shows that SS is an effective intervention for... Read More
14 pages
Document 027070
Women’s Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental Illness & Trauma
By Lynch, Shannon M; DeHart, Dana D.; Belknap, Joanne; Green, Bonnie L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI … Understanding female offenders’ pathways to offending, including both risk for onset and risk for continued offending, helps elucidate the complexity of their experiences and identify key factors and intervening variables that... Read More
91 pages
Document 026966
Trauma Exposure, Posttraumatic Stress, and Cormorbidities in Female Adolescent Offenders: Findings and Implications from Recent Studies
By Foy, David W.; Ritchie, Iya K.; Conway, Alison H..
“While males constitute the majority, female adolescent offenders are a sizeable minority of the overall delinquent population. Further, those females who become involved in delinquent activities appear to be doing so at a younger age, and they are involved in a wide range of criminal activities, including violent offenses. Objective: The goal of this article is to consolidate an empirical base for our current knowledge about female juvenile offenders’ trauma-related mental health and rehabilita... Read More
13 pages
Document 026968
Trauma-Informed Care: Best Practices and Protocols for Ohio’s Domestic Violence Programs
By Ferencik, Sonia D.; Ramirez-Hammond, Rachel. Ohio Dept. of Mental Health (Columbus, OH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Ohio Domestic Violence Network (ODVN) (Columbus, OH).
Best practices and protocols integrating trauma-informed care into domestic violence programs are described. While this manual is designed for domestic violence programs outside of correctional settings, the content can easily be used in institutional and community based programming. Sections contained in this manual are: introduction; understanding trauma; responding to trauma survivors; trauma-informed care best practices; trauma-informed care protocols; and caring for the caregiver—understand... Read More
152 pages
Document 026964
Creating a Trauma-Informed Criminal Justice System for Women: Why and How|Draft
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Rockville, MD).
“Why do far too many women keep cycling through the criminal justice system, wrestling with persistent mental health and substance abuse issues, unable to find a footing in the community and reclaim their lives?” This publication answers this question and offers a solution—the “Sequential Intercept Model.” This strategy concentrates on five “intercept” points that women could have with the criminal justice system. At each point assistance is offered to these women that enable them to begin their... Read More
6 pages
Document 026967
A Strength-based Approach Toward Trauma-informed Treatment and Recovery Support for Women
By Woll, Pamela. Michigan Institute for Prevention and Treatment Edcuation (MI-PTE) (Plymouth, MI).
“The following notes were compiled by Pam Woll as a post-session handout for this workshop. They were gathered from a number of sources. Wherever a large cluster of information came from the same document, that document is listed. The other elements are synthesized together, so that they can be presented in logical order” (p. 1). This document is a great overview of the issues involved in treating trauma affected women. Its ideas can easily be used in correctional settings to address the needs o... Read More
16 pages
Document 012451
Profiling the Needs of California's Female Prisoners: A Needs Assessment
By Owen, Barbara; Bloom, Barbara. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Following a review of the literature on the female offender, this report describes the nature of the population of women in California prisons, the types and extent of program availability, and the gap between program needs and availability. The institutional program survey form and the survey instrument used to profile the needs of California's female prisoners are appended.... Read More
96 p.
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