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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028239
Addressing the Intersection of Trauma, Mental Health Challenges, and Substance Use
National Governors Association (NGA) (Washington, DC). Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA).
It is critical that people learn about the intersection of trauma, mental health challenges, and substance use and how they will impact women and girls and their families and communities and overall well-being. Representatives from more than three dozen federal agencies have gotten together to focus on this issue and to develop collective strategies to address its impact. This webinar held May 29, 2014 aimed to address: "the historical context of the intersection of mental health substance abuse... Read More

81 minutes + 82 pages
2013
Document 027501
Trauma and Justice
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
“Reducing the pervasive, harmful, and costly health impact of violence and trauma by integrating trauma-informed approaches throughout health, behavioral health, and related systems and addressing the behavioral health needs of people involved in or at risk of involvement in the criminal and juvenile justice systems.”... Read More
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2013
Document 027657
Trauma-Informed Approaches: Federal Activities and Initiatives: A Working Document, Second Report
Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, it has become increasingly clear that addressing trauma requires a multi-agency, multi-pronged approach. Public education, prevention, early identification, and effective trauma assessment and treatment are all necessary to break the cycle of trauma and violence. Significant progress has been made in creating organizational cultures based on knowledge of trauma and its impact (“trauma-informed approaches”), strategies to prevent or reduce rates of violence and trauma, and ef... Read More
PDF
77 pages
2013
Document 027853
Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Systems: Why We Need Them, How to Move Forward Toward Them
By Ford, Julian D.. Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); University of Connecticut (Storrs, CT).
“This webinar provides an overview of evidence-based and efficient methods of screening and assessment to identify youth in need of trauma-informed services or trauma-specific treatment in juvenile diversion programs. Evidence-based or evidence-informed trauma-specific treatments to which youth diverted from the juvenile justice system can be referred are discussed.”... Read More
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78 minutes
2013
Document 027735
Assessing the Relationship between Exposure to Violence and Inmate Maladjustment Within and Across State Correctional Facilities: Final Report
By Steiner, Benjamin; Meade, Benjamin. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). University of South Carolina. South Carolina Research Foundation (Columbia, SC).
“Offenders are exposed to violence at higher rates than the general population. Whether exposure to violence contributes to subsequent maladjustment once these individuals are incarcerated, however, is unclear … Inmate maladjustment [the inability of inmates to cope with confinement] threatens the safety and order of correctional institutions, so a thorough understanding of the relative effects of exposure to different forms of violence on maladjustment is important to prison/correctional facili... Read More
PDF
80 pages
2013
Document 026963
The Shift Length Experiment: What We Know about 8-, 10-, and 12-hour Shifts in Policing
Police Foundation (Washington, DC).
While this research focused on policing, the results are applicable to correctional settings. “The Police Foundation experiment was designed to test the impacts of three shift lengths (8-, 10-, and 12-hour) on performance, health, safety, quality of life, sleep, fatigue, alertness, off-duty employment, and overtime among police … The study found some distinct advantages of 10-hour shifts and identified some disadvantages associated with 12-hour shifts that are concerning. It is important that ag... Read More
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2013
Document 026931
Seeking Safety: A Model for Trauma and/or Substance Abuse
Treatment Innovations (Newton Centre, MA).
Seeking Safety is a therapeutic program for women suffering from trauma, substance abuse, and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This website provides abundant information regarding this program and trauma-informed treatment. Points of entry are: the book “Seeking Safety; outcome results from evaluations of Seeking Safety; a wide range of articles regarding the Seeking Safety model (description and implementation) and empirical studies about it, PTSD and addiction, cognitive-behavioral and... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 026962
Children in Harm’s Way: Criminal Justice, Immigration Enforcement, and Child Welfare
By Phillips, Susan D., editor; Cervantes, Wendy, editor; Lincroft, Yali, editor; Dettlaff, Alan J., editor; Bruce, Lara, editor. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC); First Focus (Washington, DC).
“The articles in this collection provide a multifaceted look at some of the problems that potentially arise for children when the criminal justice, immigration enforcement, and child welfare systems converge in their parents’ life. They provide information and offer insights reflecting diverse perspectives and experiences and lay out a range of policy and practice reform recommendations” (p. 2). The seven chapters contained in this publication are: “Introduction: Children in Harm’s Way” by Susan... Read More
PDF
73 pages
2012
Document 026966
Trauma Exposure, Posttraumatic Stress, and Cormorbidities in Female Adolescent Offenders: Findings and Implications from Recent Studies
By Foy, David W.; Ritchie, Iya K.; Conway, Alison H..
“While males constitute the majority, female adolescent offenders are a sizeable minority of the overall delinquent population. Further, those females who become involved in delinquent activities appear to be doing so at a younger age, and they are involved in a wide range of criminal activities, including violent offenses. Objective: The goal of this article is to consolidate an empirical base for our current knowledge about female juvenile offenders’ trauma-related mental health and rehabilita... Read More
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13 pages
2012
Document 026966
Trauma Exposure, Posttraumatic Stress, and Cormorbidities in Female Adolescent Offenders: Findings and Implications from Recent Studies
By Foy, David W.; Ritchie, Iya K.; Conway, Alison H..
“While males constitute the majority, female adolescent offenders are a sizeable minority of the overall delinquent population. Further, those females who become involved in delinquent activities appear to be doing so at a younger age, and they are involved in a wide range of criminal activities, including violent offenses. Objective: The goal of this article is to consolidate an empirical base for our current knowledge about female juvenile offenders’ trauma-related mental health and rehabilita... Read More
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13 pages
2012
Document 026932
Addressing the Unmet Educational Needs of Children and Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems: 2012 Edition
By Leone, Peter; Weinberg, Lois. Georgetown University. Public Policy Institute. Center for Juvenile Justice Reform (CJJR) (Washington, DC).
The need to deal with the “state of education services for two groups of vulnerable youth, some of whom begin contact in one social service system - child welfare - and come into contact with another youth agency – the juvenile justice system” is explained (p.7). Individuals involved with juveniles and youth need to be aware of this problem because it impacts many areas of programming and services these youth are offered. This report has seven sections: introduction; educational and other outcom... Read More
PDF
78 pages
2012
Document 026934
Providing Individually Tailored Academic and Behavioral Support Services for Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems: Practice Guide
By Gonsoulin, S.; Darwin, M.J.; Read, N.W.. American Institutes for Research. National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk (NDTAC) (Washington, DC) .
“This NDTAC practice guide examines the principle that individually tailored academic and behavioral support services should be provided to foster better outcomes for youth involved with the juvenile justice system and child welfare systems. This principle focuses on the fact that, to address the academic hardship faced by youth involved with these systems—changes in placement, family mobility, disabling conditions, economic disadvantage, and involvement in the justice system—education providers... Read More
PDF
27 pages
2012
Document 026965
Creating Trauma-Informed Correctional Care: A Balance of Goals and Environment
By Miller, Niki A.; Najavits, Lisa M..
“This article discusses the centrality of trauma [including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)] in the lives of inmates and explores components of what we will call trauma-informed correctional care (TICC). TICC is the adaptation of trauma-informed care for correctional settings in particular, which have their own unique challenges, strengths, culture, and needs. We will address a variety of themes related to TICC, including institutional and personal safety, staff training, cultural change a... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2012
Document 026843
Examining Growth in the Federal Prison Population, 1998 to 2010
By Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Parthasaranthy, Barbara; Adams, William. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This “analysis describes how the size and composition of the federal prison population have changed over time and apportions this population growth into shares associated with the different stages of the criminal justice process that determine who is sent to prison and the duration of their incarceration … The increase in expected time served by drug offenders was the single greatest contributor to growth in the federal prison population between 1998 and 2010” (p. 3). Sections of this report inc... Read More
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34 pages
2012
Document 027070
Women’s Pathways to Jail: The Roles & Intersections of Serious Mental Illness & Trauma
By Lynch, Shannon M; DeHart, Dana D.; Belknap, Joanne; Green, Bonnie L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI … Understanding female offenders’ pathways to offending, including both risk for onset and risk for continued offending, helps elucidate the complexity of their experiences and identify key factors and intervening variables that... Read More
PDF
91 pages
2012
Document 026930
Seeking Safety: An Intervention for Trauma-Exposed Incarcerated Women?
By Lynch, Sharron M.; Heath, Nicole M.; Mathews, Kathleen C.; Cepeda, Galatia J. .
“Recent guidelines for incarcerated women's programming have called for interventions that address offenders' traumatic experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use in an integrated manner. Seeking Safety (SS) is an empirically supported cognitive behavioral manualized treatment for individuals with PTSD and substance use disorders” (p. 88). This article reports on the effectiveness of SS with incarcerated women. The research shows that SS is an effective intervention for... Read More
PDF
14 pages
2012
Document 026923
Five Significant Changes in the Last 20 Years
By Bengis, Steven; Prescott, David S.; Tabachnick, Joan.
The “most dramatic” changes over 20 years in the understanding of youth who have sexually abused are described. What is so useful about this article is that the authors place related references within the sections they are related to. This makes it easier for the reader to look up the citations for additional information as they are reading. Changes discussed are: adolescents are not little adults; most adolescents do not re-offend sexually; assessment remains complicated—while current measures ... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2012
Document 026836
The Growth & Increasing Cost of the Federal Prison System: Drivers and Potential Solutions
By La Vigne, Nancy; Samuels, Julie. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This publication looks at the dramatic growth in the inmate population of the U.S. Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and provides “options for stemming future growth that are consistent with public safety goals: (p. 1). Topics discussed include: BOP projection of continued growth; incarceration in federal prisons is expensive—on average $26,000 per year per inmate compared to probation supervision at $3400 per offender in the community; BOP growth creating increased opportunity costs—an increase of 4.2% f... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2012
Document 027171
Widening the Circle: Can Peacemaking Work Outside of Tribal Communities? A Guide for Planning
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“The innovative power of tribal jurisprudence, which long ago discovered alternative dispute resolution methods, can continue to provide direct benefit to non-Indian sovereigns and their citizens. Enriching and reciprocal potential exists; it is only a matter of whether the non-Indian world is ready to learn and appreciate the customary wisdom in tribal common law—Gloria Valencia-Weber” (p. 1). This guide provides an excellent introduction to this effective conflict resolution process. Sections ... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 027560
Setting Gender Identity Free: Expanding Treatment for Transsexual Inmates
By Colopy, Travis Wright.
The author explains why “(1) the standard for adequate medical care requires only sex-appropriate hormone therapies for those transsexual inmates that need them, (2) sexual reassignment surgery is, in most cases, beyond the threshold of minimal adequate care and thus not required by the Eighth Amendment, and (3) prisons must provide housing that ensures the safety of transsexual inmates and the proper administration of adequate health care (p. 230). This Note is divided into four parts: transsex... Read More
PDF
46 pages
2011
Document 026964
Creating a Trauma-Informed Criminal Justice System for Women: Why and How|Draft
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Rockville, MD).
“Why do far too many women keep cycling through the criminal justice system, wrestling with persistent mental health and substance abuse issues, unable to find a footing in the community and reclaim their lives?” This publication answers this question and offers a solution—the “Sequential Intercept Model.” This strategy concentrates on five “intercept” points that women could have with the criminal justice system. At each point assistance is offered to these women that enable them to begin their... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2011
Document 026627
Sexual Offending
This publication provides a great introduction to issues surrounding juvenile sex offenders. Topics covered include: characteristics of male and female juvenile sexual offenders; comorbidity; assessment'clinical assessment and assessment of the juvenile's home or living arrangement; treatments'recommended components, promising treatment approaches, and other treatment related information; and controversial treatments.... Read More
PDF
9 pages
2011
Document 026968
Trauma-Informed Care: Best Practices and Protocols for Ohio’s Domestic Violence Programs
By Ferencik, Sonia D.; Ramirez-Hammond, Rachel. Ohio Dept. of Mental Health (Columbus, OH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). Ohio Domestic Violence Network (ODVN) (Columbus, OH).
Best practices and protocols integrating trauma-informed care into domestic violence programs are described. While this manual is designed for domestic violence programs outside of correctional settings, the content can easily be used in institutional and community based programming. Sections contained in this manual are: introduction; understanding trauma; responding to trauma survivors; trauma-informed care best practices; trauma-informed care protocols; and caring for the caregiver—understand... Read More
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152 pages
2011
Document 026967
A Strength-based Approach Toward Trauma-informed Treatment and Recovery Support for Women
By Woll, Pamela. Michigan Institute for Prevention and Treatment Edcuation (MI-PTE) (Plymouth, MI).
“The following notes were compiled by Pam Woll as a post-session handout for this workshop. They were gathered from a number of sources. Wherever a large cluster of information came from the same document, that document is listed. The other elements are synthesized together, so that they can be presented in logical order” (p. 1). This document is a great overview of the issues involved in treating trauma affected women. Its ideas can easily be used in correctional settings to address the needs o... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2011
Document 027001
Bibliotherapy for Cynics Revisited: Commentary on One Year Longitudinal Study of the Psychological Effects of Administrative Segregation
By Gendreau, Paul; Theriault, Yvette. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“A research study in Colorado recently found that administrative segregation has little effect on the psychological well-being of prisoners. We review the Colorado report, finding support for it in other research studies on the effects of prison life, solitary confinement, and sensory deprivation. However, we argue that the Colorado results must be replicated and ultimately only meta-analyses will confirm the utility of their findings to effect sound policies. Finally, some research and clinica... Read More
WEB
11 pages
1995
Document 012451
Profiling the Needs of California's Female Prisoners: A Needs Assessment
By Owen, Barbara; Bloom, Barbara. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Following a review of the literature on the female offender, this report describes the nature of the population of women in California prisons, the types and extent of program availability, and the gap between program needs and availability. The institutional program survey form and the survey instrument used to profile the needs of California's female prisoners are appended.... Read More
PDF
96 p.
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