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Date Title Type
Document 028314
Trauma Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (NICIC) (Aurora, CO).
"This bibliography attempts to offer a compilation of information on trauma-informed care by reviewing general information about trauma as well as focusing on the criminal justice system and corrections (women, adults, and younger people), peer support, and screening/assessment for trauma. In addition, definitions of many of these tools are provided." (p. 2). Resources are organized into the following areas: trauma-informed care in general; trauma-informed care in the criminal justice system and... Read More
30 pages
Document 029833
Resources for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Professionals
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) (Rockville, MD). National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) (Los Angeles, CA).
"Children who come to the attention of the juvenile justice system are a challenging and underserved population. The National Child Traumatic Stress Network has developed resources to help juvenile justice professionals understand and provide trauma-focused services to these youth." This website has a wealth of information about trauma-informed juvenile justice. Access is provided to the "Current Issues and New Directions in Creating Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems, Brief Series": Traum... Read More

Document 030112
Women, Trauma & Incarceration: What They Say, How We Work
By Matheson, Flora I.; Cuff, Robin. Downtown Toronto Human Services and Justice Coordinating Committee (DT-HSJCC) (Toronto, Ontario).
This presentation is a very good introduction for the impact of trauma on female offenders, and the need for justice-informed practices. It may be from Canada, but it speaks to all of the issues facing female trauma and incarceration in the United States. Topics discussed include: why trauma is an important issue; defining trauma; vicarious trauma; trauma-informed practices; voices of trauma—a call for help; triggers and trauma reactions; trauma-informed versus trauma-specific; where trauma-info... Read More

75 minutes|46 pages of presentation slides
Document 030014
Trauma Among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaborative for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
"Many types of traumatic experiences occur in the lives of children and adolescents from all walks of life. Often, the after-effects of these experiences – persistent, post-traumatic stress reactions – play a role in the legal and behavioral problems that bring youth in contact with law enforcement and the juvenile justice system … Using a trauma-informed approach, juvenile justice systems can improve outcomes for justice-involved youth by: Better matching youth with trauma services that can red... Read More

Document 031507
Using a Prevention, Trauma-Informed Framework when Implementing PREA
By National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA).
"This video training series was designed to provide an important foundation for understanding trauma, the implications of trauma on the behaviors of inmates while in confinement, and how correctional administrators and practitioners can use this information to support successful PREA implementation and ultimately provide a safer environment for inmates and staff … Through considering the role that past and present trauma plays in building safe – and particularly sexually safe – environments, cor... Read More

95 minutes + 5 pages
Document 030109
Trauma-Informed Care and Trauma-Specific Services: A Comprehensive Approach to Trauma Intervention
By DeCandia, Carmela J.. American Institutes for Research (AIR) (Washington, DC).
"This brief addresses the need for a comprehensive approach to trauma intervention across service settings. In doing so, we define these complementary approaches, identify core principles and current practice for each, and discuss how both are being integrated across service sectors. Finally, we identify next steps for providers, researchers, and policymakers to ensure that all service systems are prepared to sustain this comprehensive approach to trauma intervention" (p. 1) "“Trauma-specific se... Read More

34 pages
Document 027942
Webinar: Isolation Practices With Vulnerable Populations: Impact and Alternatives
By McClard, Tracy; Erwin, Rodney J.; Henjum, Barb; Clark, Pam. National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
You need to view this webinar if you work with youth being held in solitary confinement, are a youth advocate, a policymaker tasked with juvenile reform, or are just interested in this issue. This presentation talks “about the psychological, physical, and developmental harm that can come to youth in confinement as a result of solitary confinement and isolation. While we know that isolation is harmful and traumatic for any youth, it can be particularly traumatic for youth with mental health issue... Read More
86 minutes
Document 028436
SAMHSA's Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed Approach
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA). Office of Policy, Planning and Innovation. Trauma and Justice Strategic Initiative (Rockville, MD).
"Trauma is a widespread, harmful and costly public health problem. It occurs as a result of violence, abuse, neglect, loss, disaster, war and other emotionally harmful experiences. Trauma has no boundaries with regard to age, gender, socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, geography or sexual orientation. It is an almost universal experience of people with mental and substance use disorders … The purpose of this paper is to develop a working concept of trauma and a trauma-informed approach and to... Read More
27 pages
Document 029873
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Trauma-Informed Care [Webinar]
By Fosler, Dixie; Negron, Gladys; Tomassone, Joseph; Martinez, Natasha, moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
"This Webinar will provide a training and testimonial to the use and success of Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) in Juvenile Detention Centers. Panelists will explain what TIC is, how to go about implementing it in facilities, as well as what is currently being done in TIC facilities. They will also share their observations and success rates. Learning Objectives: Discuss fiscally responsible, practical ideas on how to create a trauma-informed environment within a secure juvenile justice setting; Und... Read More

83 minutes
Document 029839
Trauma among Girls in the Juvenile Justice System
By Kerig, Patricia K.; Ford, Julian D.. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN). Juvenile Justice Consortium (Los Angeles, CA).
The impact of trauma on girls involved in the juvenile justice system is examined. Sections of this fact sheet cover: why there are increasing numbers of girls in the juvenile justice system; prevalence of trauma-exposure among justice-involved girls; prevalence of PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder) among justice-involved girls; potential consequences of trauma for girls; impact of the juvenile justice system on traumatized girls; and gender-responsive programming. "This review suggests that t... Read More

11 pages
Document 028184
Using Trauma-Informed Practices to Enhance Safety and Security in Women’s Correctional Facilities
By Benedict, Alyssa. National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women (NRCJIW) (Silver Spring, MD).
"In the wake of significant research on trauma and the interventions required to address it, a number of correctional agencies have made efforts to increase the use of trauma-based services and curricula … This document provides a brief overview of trauma and its effects on women offenders, and specifically defines trauma-informed practices for women’s correctional facilities. It also provides key actions that facility administrators, managers, and staff can take to better align their operationa... Read More
23 pages
Document 028239
Addressing the Intersection of Trauma, Mental Health Challenges, and Substance Use
National Governors Association (NGA) (Washington, DC). Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA).
It is critical that people learn about the intersection of trauma, mental health challenges, and substance use and how they will impact women and girls and their families and communities and overall well-being. Representatives from more than three dozen federal agencies have gotten together to focus on this issue and to develop collective strategies to address its impact. This webinar held May 29, 2014 aimed to address: "the historical context of the intersection of mental health substance abuse... Read More
81 minutes + 82 pages
Document 028152
Creating A Place Of Healing and Forgiveness: The Trauma-Informed Care Initiative at the Women’s Community Correctional Center of Hawaii
By Penney, Darby. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) (Alexandria, VA); National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD) (Alexandria, VA); Advocates for Human Potential, Inc. (AHP) (Sudbury, MA).
"Recognizing that most inmates are trauma survivors and many common prison routines can re-traumatize women, the Women’s Community Correctional Center of Hawaii, under the leadership of Warden Mark Kawika Patterson, works to create “a place of healing and forgiveness” [pu'uhonua] through its Trauma- Informed Care Initiative (TICI) … Reducing the use of restraints and isolation has been a focus of the training and activities of TICI, since these interventions are likely to re-traumatize women who... Read More
9 pages
Document 026931
Seeking Safety: A Model for Trauma and/or Substance Abuse
Treatment Innovations (Newton Centre, MA).
Seeking Safety is a therapeutic program for women suffering from trauma, substance abuse, and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This website provides abundant information regarding this program and trauma-informed treatment. Points of entry are: the book “Seeking Safety; outcome results from evaluations of Seeking Safety; a wide range of articles regarding the Seeking Safety model (description and implementation) and empirical studies about it, PTSD and addiction, cognitive-behavioral and... Read More
Document 027501
Trauma and Justice
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
“Reducing the pervasive, harmful, and costly health impact of violence and trauma by integrating trauma-informed approaches throughout health, behavioral health, and related systems and addressing the behavioral health needs of people involved in or at risk of involvement in the criminal and juvenile justice systems.”... Read More
Document 027657
Trauma-Informed Approaches: Federal Activities and Initiatives: A Working Document, Second Report
Federal Partners Committee on Women and Trauma (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, it has become increasingly clear that addressing trauma requires a multi-agency, multi-pronged approach. Public education, prevention, early identification, and effective trauma assessment and treatment are all necessary to break the cycle of trauma and violence. Significant progress has been made in creating organizational cultures based on knowledge of trauma and its impact (“trauma-informed approaches”), strategies to prevent or reduce rates of violence and trauma, and ef... Read More
77 pages
Document 027853
Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Systems: Why We Need Them, How to Move Forward Toward Them
By Ford, Julian D.. Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); University of Connecticut (Storrs, CT).
“This webinar provides an overview of evidence-based and efficient methods of screening and assessment to identify youth in need of trauma-informed services or trauma-specific treatment in juvenile diversion programs. Evidence-based or evidence-informed trauma-specific treatments to which youth diverted from the juvenile justice system can be referred are discussed.”... Read More
78 minutes
Document 027735
Assessing the Relationship between Exposure to Violence and Inmate Maladjustment Within and Across State Correctional Facilities: Final Report
By Steiner, Benjamin; Meade, Benjamin. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). University of South Carolina. South Carolina Research Foundation (Columbia, SC).
“Offenders are exposed to violence at higher rates than the general population. Whether exposure to violence contributes to subsequent maladjustment once these individuals are incarcerated, however, is unclear … Inmate maladjustment [the inability of inmates to cope with confinement] threatens the safety and order of correctional institutions, so a thorough understanding of the relative effects of exposure to different forms of violence on maladjustment is important to prison/correctional facili... Read More
80 pages
Document 030110
Trauma, stress, grief, loss, and separation among older adults in prison: the protective role of coping on physical and mental wellness
By Masch, Tina; Viola, Deborah; Morgan, Keith; Koskinen, Lindsay.
"Recent evidence suggests that older adults in prison experience a high level of adverse life experiences that can be categorized as trauma, stress, grief and loss. However, there is a dearth of research that examines how older adults’ use of physical, cognitive, emotional, social, and spiritual coping resources influence their physical and mental well-being" (p. 1). This study aims to address this scarcity. Sections cover: the aging prison population crisis; demographics; cost of incarceration—... Read More

24 pages
Document 012451
Profiling the Needs of California's Female Prisoners: A Needs Assessment
By Owen, Barbara; Bloom, Barbara. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Following a review of the literature on the female offender, this report describes the nature of the population of women in California prisons, the types and extent of program availability, and the gap between program needs and availability. The institutional program survey form and the survey instrument used to profile the needs of California's female prisoners are appended.... Read More
96 p.
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