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Date Title Type
2014
Document 027874
Environmental Scan 2013 8th Edition
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 8th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potentially will ... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2014
Document 028338
The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences
By Travis, Jeremy, editor; Western, Bruce, editor; Redburn, Steve, editor. National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE). Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration (Washington, DC); National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE). Committee on Law and Justice (CLAJ) (Washington, DC).
"After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States more than quadrupled during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. ... Read More

465 pages
2013
Document 026959
Penal Reform International
Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England).
“Penal Reform International [PRI] is an international non-governmental organisation working on penal and criminal justice reform worldwide … PRI seeks to achieve penal reform by promoting: The development and implementation of international human rights instruments in relation to law enforcement and prison conditions; The elimination of unfair and unethical discrimination in all penal measures; The abolition of the death penalty; The reduction of the use of imprisonment throughout the world; [an... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 026926
International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO)
International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) (Brussels, Belgium); Observatorio Internacional de Justicia Juvenil (Brussels, Belgium).
A wealth of information regarding the field of international juvenile justice can be found here in one place. This website provides access to: information regarding the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO); IJJO world councils; IJJO school—International School for Juvenile Justice (ISJJ); assorted presentations from previous IJJO International Conferences; Juvenile Justice Without Borders International Award; the Documentation Center featuring pertinent publications, multimedia, sta... Read More
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2013
Document 027770
The Prison Desk at the National Radio Project: New Voices Exploring Human Rights and Social Justice
National Radio Project. Prison Desk (Oakland, CA).
"The National Radio Project Prison Desk produces 29-minute shows and short segments committed to in-depth reporting on and critical analysis of incarceration in the US and worldwide" (p. 1). This website provides access to: recent shows; past NRP shows on prison issues; Prison Desk mission; and information on how to get involved.... Read More
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2013
Document 027786
National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More
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2012
Document 027785
Referring Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings to Mentoring Programs: Effective Strategies and Practices to Improving the Mentoring Experience for At-Risk and High-Risk Youth: A Resource Compendium
By Miller, J. Mitchell; Miller, Holly Ventura; Barnes, J.C.; Clark, Pamela A.; Jones, Michael A.; Quiros, Ronald J.; Peterson, Scott Bernard. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). MENTOR: National Mentoring Partnership (Boston, MA); Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth. This research study [“Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: An Exploratory Analysis”], which used multiple methods to capture data from mentoring and juvenile justice settings, provides a deeper understanding of h... Read More
PDF
162 pages
2012
Document 025906
To Build a Better Criminal Justice System: 25 Experts Envision the Next 25 Years of Reform
By Mauer, Marc, editor; Epstein, Kate, editor. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
It is hoped that this volume sparks a conversation regarding the adoption of a “strategy that emphasizes opportunity rather than punishment as the guiding theme of our vision for public safety … [these essays] are broad-ranging both in vision and strategy. They contain the perspectives of leading thinkers in the field … [who] look to a day where public safety is not premised in maintaining a world-record level of incarceration. But there is a diversity of views on how we might get to that point”... Read More
PDF
68 pages
2012
Document 026733
Veterans Treatment Court Resources
Justice for Vets (Justice4Vets) (Alexandria, VA).
Information regarding Veteran Treatment Courts (VTCs) can be found on this website. 'Veteran Treatment Courts hold veterans accountable to themselves and to the community ' The Veterans Treatment Court model requires regular court appearances (a bi-weekly minimum in the early phases of the program), as well as mandatory attendance at treatment sessions and frequent and random testing for substance use (drug and/or alcohol). Veterans respond favorably to this structured environment given their p... Read More
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2012
Document 026785
Performance Incentive Funding: Aligning Fiscal and Operational Responsibility to Produce More Safety at Less Cost
Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC); Metropolis Strategies (Chicago, IL).
'With PIF [performance incentive funding], agencies or localities receive a financial reward for delivering fewer prison commitments through reduced recidivism and revocations that, in turn, must be reinvested into evidence-based programs in the community' (p. 2). This report explains how an agency can design and implement a PIF program that reduces costs while ensuring public safety, a viable option for your locality. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction; the problem... Read More
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24 pages
2012
Document 026782
Anger Management for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Clients: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Manual [and] Participant Workbook [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]|Revised [edition]
By Reilly, Patrick M.; Shopshire, Michael S.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD).
'Despite the connection of anger and violence to substance abuse, few treatments have been developed to address anger and violence problems among people who abuse substances. Clinicians have found the dearth of treatment approaches for this important issue disheartening. To provide clinicians with tools to help deal with this important issue, the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration is pleased to present 'Anger Management for Subst... Read More
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2 volumes (volume 1 - 68 pages, volume 2 - 49 pages)
2012
Document 026474
Psychopathy: An Important Forensic Concept for the 21st Century
By Babiak, Paul; Folino, Jorge; Hancock, Jeffrey; Hare, Robert D.; Logan, Matthew; Mayer, Elizabeth Leon; Meloy, J. Reid; Hakkanen-Nyholm, Helina; O'Toole, Mary Ellen; Pinizzotto, Anthony; Porter, Stephen; Smith, Sharon; Woodworth, Michael.
This article provides a great portrait of who a psychopath is. It covers: psychopathy and personality disorder; traits and characteristics; chameleons and predators; myth busting; presence in society; assessment tool; victims; and concluding remarks. 'Psychopathy has been described as the single most important clinical construct in the criminal justice system. More recently, it is considered 'the most important forensic concept of the early 21st century.' Because of its relevance to law enforcem... Read More
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6 pages
2012
Document 026928
Extension of Current Estimates of Redemption Times: Robustness Testing, Out–of-State Arrests, and Racial Differences
By Blumstein, Alfred; Nakamura, Kiminori. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As information technology has increased the accessibility of criminal-history records, and concern for negligent-hiring lawsuits has grown, criminal background checking has become an important part of the hiring process for most employers. As a result, there is a growing concern that a large number of individuals are handicapped in finding employment because of a stale criminal-history record. The current study is an extension of a NIJ-funded project intended to provide the empirical estimates ... Read More
PDF
114 pages
2011
Document 024873
Smart on Crime: Recommendations for the Administration and Congress
Smart on Crime Coalition (Washington, DC).
This publication “incorporates cost-effective, evidence-based solutions to address the worst problems in our [criminal justice] system” (p. ii). This report may be full of recommendations, but these provide a look at the current state of criminal justice in the United States. Sixteen chapters follow an executive summary and summary of recommendations: overcriminalization of conduct, overfederalization of criminal law, and exercise of enforcement discretion; asset forfeiture; federal investigatio... Read More
PDF
317 pages
2011
Document 025019
Finding Direction: Expanding Criminal Justice Options by Considering Policies of Other Nations
By Petteruti, Amanda; Fenster, Jason. Justice Policy Institute (Washington, DC).
Individuals that are interested in or charged with reducing correctional costs needs to read this report. This publication "concentrate[s] on current practices and structures that could realistically be changed, and models from other comparison nations that could be replicated or adapted, to reduce incarceration in the U.S.” (p. 4). Contents of this publication include: introduction; similarities between nations make policy opportunities possible; the U.S. leads the world in incarceration, but t... Read More
PDF
84 pages
2011
Document 025498
Justice Expenditures and Employment, 1982-2007 - Statistical Tables
By Kyckelhahn, Tracey. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Justice expenditures and employment for corrections, police protection, and judicial and legal services over the period of 1982 through 2007 are shown in 5-year increments. Data tables cover: total expenditures by level of government and by justice function; distribution of judicial and legal services, police protection, and corrections expenditures by level of government; per capita expenditures by function; total justice employment by level of government and justice function; employment distri... Read More
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12 pages
2011
Document 025630
Environmental Scan 2011
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 6th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
PDF
40 pages
2005
Document 021201
The Emergence of Collaboration as the Preferred Approach in Criminal Justice
By Carter, Madeline M., ed.. State Justice Institute (Alexandria, VA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Collaboration in Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems(Silver Spring, MD); Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
This report "suggests that justice can be more effectively served when those tasked with carrying it out define their roles, responsibilities, and relationship to one another differently and work together in pursuit of shared visions, missions, and goals" (p.1). Sections comprising this document are: background; the dilemma -- forming collaboratives in an adversarial system; what we know about collaboration; how collaboration is applied in other public policy arenas; the application of the coll... Read More
DOC
10 p.
2005
Document 020754
Project Guide: Tribal Justice System Assessment
By Martin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) Demarest, NJ).
"[D]irection to tribal jurisdictions interested in conducting a justice system assessment for the purposes of addressing systemic issues raised in the development of detention and correctional facilities" is provided (p. 7). This guide is comprised of the following sections: introduction; what a justice assessment is; impact of the justice system assessment on detention and corrections bed space needs; approach to conducting a system assessment; steps in the assessment process; unique character... Read More
PDF
24 p.
2000
Document 016066
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 2000
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused primarily on topics related to the role of the jail in the local criminal justice system. Contents include: meeting highlights; justice system coordination and cooperation -- how the jail benefits and the system is improved; criminal justice coordination and cooperation; issues in defining and re-defining the jail's mission; role of the jail in contributing to the efficiency of the local criminal justice system; community oriented policing; roundtable discussion of implicati... Read More
PDF
88 p.
1997
Document 013914
The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders in the Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
Having a substance abuse disorder is related to a higher likelihood of having a co-occurring mental illness. Similarly, having a mental illness increases the probability of having a co-occurring substance abuse disorder. This paper details the occurrences of both disorders in the nation's jails, prisons, and community corrections agencies.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
1996
Document 014690
Guide to a Criminal Justice System Assessment: A Work in Progress
By Burke, Peggy; Cushman, Robert; Ney, Becki. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
A system assessment is a collaborative effort between a jurisdiction, the National Institute of Corrections, and consultants to develop a shared understanding of how an existing sanctioning system works. This guide defines what a system assessment and its multiple dimensions are, discusses the approach to the system assessment, and describes how a system assessment can be conducted. Jurisdictions taking part in an assessment can expect to: 1. have two, three-day site visits by an assessment team... Read More
PDF
134 p.
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