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Date Title Type
Document 027874
Environmental Scan 2013 8th Edition
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 8th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potentially will ... Read More
34 pages
Document 028338
The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences
By Travis, Jeremy, editor; Western, Bruce, editor; Redburn, Steve, editor. National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE). Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration (Washington, DC); National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE). Committee on Law and Justice (CLAJ) (Washington, DC).
"After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States more than quadrupled during the last four decades. The U.S. penal population of 2.2 million adults is by far the largest in the world. Just under one-quarter of the world's prisoners are held in American prisons. The U.S. rate of incarceration, with nearly 1 out of every 100 adults in prison or jail, is 5 to 10 times higher than the rates in Western Europe and other democracies. The U.S. ... Read More
465 pages
Document 027770
The Prison Desk at the National Radio Project: New Voices Exploring Human Rights and Social Justice
National Radio Project. Prison Desk (Oakland, CA).
"The National Radio Project Prison Desk produces 29-minute shows and short segments committed to in-depth reporting on and critical analysis of incarceration in the US and worldwide" (p. 1). This website provides access to: recent shows; past NRP shows on prison issues; Prison Desk mission; and information on how to get involved.... Read More
Document 027786
National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More
Document 026926
International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO)
International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) (Brussels, Belgium); Observatorio Internacional de Justicia Juvenil (Brussels, Belgium).
A wealth of information regarding the field of international juvenile justice can be found here in one place. This website provides access to: information regarding the International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO); IJJO world councils; IJJO school—International School for Juvenile Justice (ISJJ); assorted presentations from previous IJJO International Conferences; Juvenile Justice Without Borders International Award; the Documentation Center featuring pertinent publications, multimedia, sta... Read More
Document 026959
Penal Reform International
Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England).
“Penal Reform International [PRI] is an international non-governmental organisation working on penal and criminal justice reform worldwide … PRI seeks to achieve penal reform by promoting: The development and implementation of international human rights instruments in relation to law enforcement and prison conditions; The elimination of unfair and unethical discrimination in all penal measures; The abolition of the death penalty; The reduction of the use of imprisonment throughout the world; [an... Read More
Document 025906
To Build a Better Criminal Justice System: 25 Experts Envision the Next 25 Years of Reform
By Mauer, Marc, editor; Epstein, Kate, editor. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
It is hoped that this volume sparks a conversation regarding the adoption of a “strategy that emphasizes opportunity rather than punishment as the guiding theme of our vision for public safety … [these essays] are broad-ranging both in vision and strategy. They contain the perspectives of leading thinkers in the field … [who] look to a day where public safety is not premised in maintaining a world-record level of incarceration. But there is a diversity of views on how we might get to that point”... Read More
68 pages
Document 026733
Veterans Treatment Court Resources
Justice for Vets (Justice4Vets) (Alexandria, VA).
Information regarding Veteran Treatment Courts (VTCs) can be found on this website. 'Veteran Treatment Courts hold veterans accountable to themselves and to the community ' The Veterans Treatment Court model requires regular court appearances (a bi-weekly minimum in the early phases of the program), as well as mandatory attendance at treatment sessions and frequent and random testing for substance use (drug and/or alcohol). Veterans respond favorably to this structured environment given their p... Read More
Document 024873
Smart on Crime: Recommendations for the Administration and Congress
Smart on Crime Coalition (Washington, DC).
This publication “incorporates cost-effective, evidence-based solutions to address the worst problems in our [criminal justice] system” (p. ii). This report may be full of recommendations, but these provide a look at the current state of criminal justice in the United States. Sixteen chapters follow an executive summary and summary of recommendations: overcriminalization of conduct, overfederalization of criminal law, and exercise of enforcement discretion; asset forfeiture; federal investigatio... Read More
317 pages
Document 025019
Finding Direction: Expanding Criminal Justice Options by Considering Policies of Other Nations
By Petteruti, Amanda; Fenster, Jason. Justice Policy Institute (Washington, DC).
Individuals that are interested in or charged with reducing correctional costs needs to read this report. This publication "concentrate[s] on current practices and structures that could realistically be changed, and models from other comparison nations that could be replicated or adapted, to reduce incarceration in the U.S.” (p. 4). Contents of this publication include: introduction; similarities between nations make policy opportunities possible; the U.S. leads the world in incarceration, but t... Read More
84 pages
Document 025498
Justice Expenditures and Employment, 1982-2007 - Statistical Tables
By Kyckelhahn, Tracey. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Justice expenditures and employment for corrections, police protection, and judicial and legal services over the period of 1982 through 2007 are shown in 5-year increments. Data tables cover: total expenditures by level of government and by justice function; distribution of judicial and legal services, police protection, and corrections expenditures by level of government; per capita expenditures by function; total justice employment by level of government and justice function; employment distri... Read More
12 pages
Document 025630
Environmental Scan 2011
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 6th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
40 pages
Document 021201
The Emergence of Collaboration as the Preferred Approach in Criminal Justice
By Carter, Madeline M., ed.. State Justice Institute (Alexandria, VA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Resource Center on Collaboration in Criminal and Juvenile Justice Systems(Silver Spring, MD); Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
This report "suggests that justice can be more effectively served when those tasked with carrying it out define their roles, responsibilities, and relationship to one another differently and work together in pursuit of shared visions, missions, and goals" (p.1). Sections comprising this document are: background; the dilemma -- forming collaboratives in an adversarial system; what we know about collaboration; how collaboration is applied in other public policy arenas; the application of the coll... Read More
10 p.
Document 020754
Project Guide: Tribal Justice System Assessment
By Martin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) Demarest, NJ).
"[D]irection to tribal jurisdictions interested in conducting a justice system assessment for the purposes of addressing systemic issues raised in the development of detention and correctional facilities" is provided (p. 7). This guide is comprised of the following sections: introduction; what a justice assessment is; impact of the justice system assessment on detention and corrections bed space needs; approach to conducting a system assessment; steps in the assessment process; unique character... Read More
24 p.
Document 016066
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 2000
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused primarily on topics related to the role of the jail in the local criminal justice system. Contents include: meeting highlights; justice system coordination and cooperation -- how the jail benefits and the system is improved; criminal justice coordination and cooperation; issues in defining and re-defining the jail's mission; role of the jail in contributing to the efficiency of the local criminal justice system; community oriented policing; roundtable discussion of implicati... Read More
88 p.
Document 013914
The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders in the Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
Having a substance abuse disorder is related to a higher likelihood of having a co-occurring mental illness. Similarly, having a mental illness increases the probability of having a co-occurring substance abuse disorder. This paper details the occurrences of both disorders in the nation's jails, prisons, and community corrections agencies.... Read More
2 p.
Document 014690
Guide to a Criminal Justice System Assessment: A Work in Progress
By Burke, Peggy; Cushman, Robert; Ney, Becki. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
A system assessment is a collaborative effort between a jurisdiction, the National Institute of Corrections, and consultants to develop a shared understanding of how an existing sanctioning system works. This guide defines what a system assessment and its multiple dimensions are, discusses the approach to the system assessment, and describes how a system assessment can be conducted. Jurisdictions taking part in an assessment can expect to: 1. have two, three-day site visits by an assessment team... Read More
134 p.
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