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Date Title Type
2015
Document 029758
What Caused the Crime Decline?
By Roeder, Oliver; Eisen, Lauren-Brooke; Bowling, Julia; Clark, Veronica; Chettiar, Inimai. New York University. School of Law. Brennan Center for Justice (New York, NY).
This report "examines one of the nation’s least understood recent phenomena – the dramatic decline in crime nationwide over the past two decades – and analyzes various theories for why it occurred, by reviewing more than 40 years of data from all 50 states and the 50 largest cities. It concludes that over-harsh criminal justice policies, particularly increased incarceration, which rose even more dramatically over the same period, were not the main drivers of the crime decline. In fact, the repor... Read More
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139 pages
2014
Document 029617
Mending Justice: Sentinel Event Reviews
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC).
"How should the criminal justice system respond to errors? A common response is to seek out “bad apples,” apportion blame, and conclude that the error has been dealt with once that individual is punished or a policy is changed. But errors in a complex system are rarely the result of a single act or event. In medicine, aviation and other high-risk enterprises, serious errors are regarded as system errors or “organizational accidents.” Organizational accidents are potential “sentinel events,” inci... Read More
WEB
68 pages
2011
Document 025051
Crime Families: Gender and the Intergenerational Transfer of Criminal Tendencies
By Goodwin, Vanessa; Davis, Brent. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, ACT).
What is interesting about this paper is that it examines how the criminality of mothers affect subsequent delinquency of their sons and daughters. “For both genders…the more serious the parent’s criminal record, the greater the probability of their offspring subsequently committing offences, with the influence of the father’s record seemingly being greater than that of the mother” (p. 4).... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2011
Document 025581
Turning the Corner on Mass Incarceration?
By Cole, David.
While the United States still incarcerates more people than any other country, the rate is flattening out. The author looks at factors that may explain this trend. Sections comprising this paper are: signs of progress; race and reform; possible explanations such as mass incarceration financial unsustainable, drop in violent crime, alternatives to incarceration for drug offenses, early release of low risk offenders, and reaching the level of incarceration the public will tolerate; going forward;... Read More
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26 pages
2011
Document 025949
Psychological Changes Underlying Long-Term Criminal Desistance Among Former Career Criminals
By Bourget, Sarah C.K..
Psychological changes associated with desistance from criminal activity (for at least 3 years) by individuals with long-term criminal histories are investigated. Chapters following an abstract are: introduction; review of the literature; method; findings; and discussion. “The findings demonstrated that long-term criminal desistance is accompanied by an increase in prosocial impulses. The strength of the prosocial impulse is the product of other psychological phenomena including thoughts about ch... Read More
PDF
265 pages
1988
Document 006777
Effects of Diet on Behavior: Implications for Criminology and Corrections
By Fishbein, Diana; Pease, Susan; Pung, Orville B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Robert J. Kutak Foundation (Omaha, NE).
... Read More
PDF
47 p.
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