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Date Title Type
2011
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Crime Families: Gender and the Intergenerational Transfer of Criminal Tendencies
By Goodwin, Vanessa; Davis, Brent. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, ACT).
What is interesting about this paper is that it examines how the criminality of mothers affect subsequent delinquency of their sons and daughters. “For both genders…the more serious the parent’s criminal record, the greater the probability of their offspring subsequently committing offences, with the influence of the father’s record seemingly being greater than that of the mother” (p. 4).... Read More
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6 pages
2011
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Turning the Corner on Mass Incarceration?
By Cole, David.
While the United States still incarcerates more people than any other country, the rate is flattening out. The author looks at factors that may explain this trend. Sections comprising this paper are: signs of progress; race and reform; possible explanations such as mass incarceration financial unsustainable, drop in violent crime, alternatives to incarceration for drug offenses, early release of low risk offenders, and reaching the level of incarceration the public will tolerate; going forward;... Read More
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26 pages
2011
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Psychological Changes Underlying Long-Term Criminal Desistance Among Former Career Criminals
By Bourget, Sarah C.K..
Psychological changes associated with desistance from criminal activity (for at least 3 years) by individuals with long-term criminal histories are investigated. Chapters following an abstract are: introduction; review of the literature; method; findings; and discussion. “The findings demonstrated that long-term criminal desistance is accompanied by an increase in prosocial impulses. The strength of the prosocial impulse is the product of other psychological phenomena including thoughts about ch... Read More
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265 pages
2010
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Theory of Desistance
By Hearn, Natalie.
“The aim of this research was to explore factors which lead to desistance amongst offenders. There were three central areas looked at during the research. Firstly the correlation between age and offending, secondly the how and why the process of desistance commences, and finally, why people continue to desist from offending” (p. 1). Findings are organized into these areas-- family, education, onset, cause of offending, range of offences, desistance, continued desistance, and CRB (Criminal Record... Read More
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48 pages
2010
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Deterrence in Criminal Justice: Evaluating Certainty vs. Severity of Punishment
By Wright, Valerie. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
The issue of whether more severe punishment results in increased public safety is examined. This paper covers: the conceptualization of deterrence; certainty versus severity of punishment; the failure of more severe sentences to enhance public safety; and the economic costs of more severe sentences.... Read More
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10 pages
1988
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Effects of Diet on Behavior: Implications for Criminology and Corrections
By Fishbein, Diana; Pease, Susan; Pung, Orville B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Robert J. Kutak Foundation (Omaha, NE).
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47 p.
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