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Date Title Type
2013
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The Shift Length Experiment: What We Know about 8-, 10-, and 12-hour Shifts in Policing
Police Foundation (Washington, DC).
While this research focused on policing, the results are applicable to correctional settings. “The Police Foundation experiment was designed to test the impacts of three shift lengths (8-, 10-, and 12-hour) on performance, health, safety, quality of life, sleep, fatigue, alertness, off-duty employment, and overtime among police … The study found some distinct advantages of 10-hour shifts and identified some disadvantages associated with 12-hour shifts that are concerning. It is important that ag... Read More
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2013
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Effective Approaches to Drug Crimes in Texas: Strategies to Reduce Crime, Save Money, and Treat Addiction
By Dunklee, Caitlin; Leete, Travis; Renaud, Jorge Antonio. Texas Criminal Justice Coalition (Austin, TX).
The need to replace the incarceration of those arrested for non-violent drug possession in Texas with community-based drug treatment is examined. The strategies described in this publication can be effectively used in other agencies. Sections of this report include: background of substance abuse and drug offenses in Texas—costly incarceration, incarceration vs. treatment costs, community supervision as an alternative to incarceration, and recidivism and revocation among individuals with drug off... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
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Forum: Preparing for the New Parole Revocation Process
California Forward (CAFwd). Partnership for Community Excellence (PCE) (Sacramento, CA).
Agencies looking for help in implementing the new parole revocation process on July 1, 2013 need to refer to this website. “On Tuesday, March 19, 2013, the Partnership for Community Excellence (PCE) held a forum: Preparing for the New Parole Revocation Process. A diverse group of experts presented information and perspectives about the new revocation process, which will take effect on July 1, 2013 … The goal of the forum was to identify key issues regarding the transition and potential ways to a... Read More
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2013
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Millbrook v. United States, Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
U.S. Supreme Court (Washington, DC); Cornell Law School. Legal Information Institute (Ithaca, NY).
Millbrook was being held in the custody of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) when she was sexually assaulted. She contends that sovereign immunity does not apply to the officers in this instance since the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) waives their immunity. The Supreme Court agreed that the FTCA allows for suits to be brought against federal law enforcement officers for committing intentional torts during the performance of their jobs. This judgement will positively impact the ability of... Read More
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10 pages
2013
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Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (Bethesda, MD).
“CJ-DATS (the national Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies) was created in 2002 with the goal of improving both the public health and public safety outcomes for substance abusing offenders leaving prison or jail and returning to the community by integrating substance abuse treatment into the criminal justice system.” Access points on this webpage are: CJ-DATS-II research centers; CJ-DATS-II studies—Medication-Assisted Treatment Implementation in Community Correctional Environments (MA... Read More
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2013
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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education: A Meta-Analysis of Programs That Provide Education to Incarcerated Adults
By Davis, Lois M.; Bozick, Robert; Steele, Jennifer L.; Saunders, Jessica; Miles, Jeremy N.V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). RAND Corp. Safety and Justice Program (Santa Monica, CA).
“In this report, we [the authors] examine the evidence about the effectiveness of correctional education for incarcerated adults in the United States. By correctional education, we mean the following: adult basic education (ABE): basic skills instruction in arithmetic, reading, writing, and, if needed, English as a second language (ESL); adult secondary education (ASE): instruction to complete high school or prepare for a certificate of high school equivalency, such as the General Education Deve... Read More
WEB
230 pages
2013
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Systems-Level Implementation of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center of Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD). Knowledge Application Program (KAP) (Rockville, MD).
This Technical Assistance Publication (TAP) “[d]escribes core elements of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) programs for people with or at risk for substance use disorders. [It also] [d]escribes SBIRT services implementation, covering challenges, barriers, cost, and sustainability.” Five chapters are contained in this publication: introduction; SBIRT overview—defining screening. brief intervention, brief treatment, and referral to treatment, the SBIRT process the p... Read More
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82 pages
2013
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Doing It Right: Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice
National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) (Washington, DC).
“The use of risk assessment instruments in juvenile justice systems across the country is growing rapidly. Advocates should be aware of how they can be used most effectively to avoid unnecessary incarceration and improve case planning for youth” (p. 4). This fact sheet explains: what a risk assessment tool is; the need to use them; how to choose the right risk assessment instrument; how to implement carefully following your choice; and making sure to gather and analyze data regarding the tool. F... Read More
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4 pages
2012
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Examining Growth in the Federal Prison Population, 1998 to 2010
By Mallik-Kane, Kamala; Parthasaranthy, Barbara; Adams, William. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This “analysis describes how the size and composition of the federal prison population have changed over time and apportions this population growth into shares associated with the different stages of the criminal justice process that determine who is sent to prison and the duration of their incarceration … The increase in expected time served by drug offenders was the single greatest contributor to growth in the federal prison population between 1998 and 2010” (p. 3). Sections of this report inc... Read More
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34 pages
2012
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Substance Abuse Treatment: Group Therapy Inservice Training: Based on Treatment Improvement Protocol TIP 41
Southeast Addiction Technology Transfer Center (Atlanta, GA); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Knowledge Application Program (KAP) (Rockville, MD).
This training manual presents an 'overview of the role and efficacy of group therapy in substance abuse treatment. The goal ' [is to] describe effective types of group therapy and offer a theoretical basis for group therapy in the treatment of substance use disorders' (p. v). Modules contained in this lesson plan are: groups and substance abuse treatment; types of groups used in substance abuse treatment; criteria for the placement of clients in groups; group development and phase-specific tasks... Read More
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75 pages
2012
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Mass Incarceration and the "Degree of Civilization"
By Strutin, Ken. LLRX.com.
''The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons.' Thus the remarkable rise and preeminence of the United States as the world leader in incarceration has inspired intense study of this punishment by many academic disciplines, public interest institutions and government agencies. This article focuses on a small portion of recent and notable publications from these sources along with a list of current awareness sites' (p. 1). This bibliography is a great place to sta... Read More
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15 pages
2012
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Mass Incarceration and the "Degree of Civilization"
By Strutin, Ken. LLRX.com.
''The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons.' Thus the remarkable rise and preeminence of the United States as the world leader in incarceration has inspired intense study of this punishment by many academic disciplines, public interest institutions and government agencies. This article focuses on a small portion of recent and notable publications from these sources along with a list of current awareness sites' (p. 1). This bibliography is a great place to sta... Read More
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15 pages
2012
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Program Profile: Prize-Based Incentive Contingency Management for Substance Abusers
Crime Solutions, gov (Washington, DC).
“Prize-based Incentives Contingency Management for Substance Abusers is a version of contingency management (CM) that provides adult substance abusers in community-based treatment with an opportunity to win prizes if they remain drug free … CM interventions attempt to increase positive behavior in substance abusers by offering vouchers that are redeemable for retail goods and services but are contingent on behavior change. Prize-based CM reinforces positive abstinent behavior in substance-abusin... Read More
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4 pages
2012
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Addiction, The Brain, and Evidence Based Treatment
U.S. Dept. of Justice (Washington, DC).
“Dr. Chandler will discuss why punishment alone is an ineffective response to the problem of drug abuse in the criminal justice system … Dr. Chandler will also highlight evidence-based principles of addiction treatment based on an integrated public health/public safety strategy.” Topics discussed include: drugs of abuse and crime are linked; smoking in criminal justice; mental health disorders among incarcerated populations; key participants in the criminal justice system and intervention opport... Read More
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82 minutes + 85 pages [PowerPoint slides and transcript]
2012
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Five Significant Changes in the Last 20 Years
By Bengis, Steven; Prescott, David S.; Tabachnick, Joan.
The “most dramatic” changes over 20 years in the understanding of youth who have sexually abused are described. What is so useful about this article is that the authors place related references within the sections they are related to. This makes it easier for the reader to look up the citations for additional information as they are reading. Changes discussed are: adolescents are not little adults; most adolescents do not re-offend sexually; assessment remains complicated—while current measures ... Read More
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4 pages
2012
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The Growth & Increasing Cost of the Federal Prison System: Drivers and Potential Solutions
By La Vigne, Nancy; Samuels, Julie. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This publication looks at the dramatic growth in the inmate population of the U.S. Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and provides “options for stemming future growth that are consistent with public safety goals: (p. 1). Topics discussed include: BOP projection of continued growth; incarceration in federal prisons is expensive—on average $26,000 per year per inmate compared to probation supervision at $3400 per offender in the community; BOP growth creating increased opportunity costs—an increase of 4.2% f... Read More
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8 pages
2012
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Alternative Sentencing Policies for Drug Offenders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Kansas Senate Bill 123, Executive Summary
By Stemen, Don; Rengifo, Andres F.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
Kansas Senate Bill 123 (SB 123) “created mandatory community-based supervision and substance abuse treatment for individuals convicted of a first or second offense of simple drug possession … This evaluation documents the first five years of operation of SB 123 (November 1, 2003-October 31, 2008). The study examines the individual-level impact of SB 123 on recidivism rates and the system-level impact of SB 123 on prison populations. The study also assesses the impact of SB 123 on the work routin... Read More
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264 pages
2012
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Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders: Family Education Videos|Revised [edition]
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
'SAMHSA [Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration] has produced three family education videos to accompany the Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders series [NIC accession no. 026623]. The videos include interviews of people in recovery and their loved ones and provide key information for those supporting people in treatment and recovery.' These videos are: Families in Recovery--Explaining Addiction; Triggers and Cravings; and Roadmap for R... Read More
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1 CD (114 minutes)
2012
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Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People with Stimulant Use Disorders Manuals|Series: Matrix Manuals
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
'The Matrix Intensive Outpatient Treatment for People With Stimulant Use Disorders (IOP) package provides a structured approach for treating adults who abuse or are dependent on stimulant drugs ' The Matrix IOP model and this treatment package based on that model grew from a need for structured, evidence-based treatment for clients who abuse or are dependent on stimulant drugs, particularly methamphetamine and cocaine. This comprehensive package provides substance abuse treatment professionals w... Read More
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2011
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Creating a Trauma-Informed Criminal Justice System for Women: Why and How|Draft
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD). GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Rockville, MD).
“Why do far too many women keep cycling through the criminal justice system, wrestling with persistent mental health and substance abuse issues, unable to find a footing in the community and reclaim their lives?” This publication answers this question and offers a solution—the “Sequential Intercept Model.” This strategy concentrates on five “intercept” points that women could have with the criminal justice system. At each point assistance is offered to these women that enable them to begin their... Read More
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6 pages
2011
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White Paper on Offender Reentry and Substance Abuse in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Deason, Chris; Hygrade, Cynthia; Adams, Madeline; Jones, Karen. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
This document provides brief descriptions of various types of substance abuse treatment programs in Missouri. It also discusses: substance abuse affects the majority of U.S. offenders; offenders with substance abuse issues have the highest recidivism rates; they also have very high death rates and mental health challenges; promising practices and access to service; and prison-based treatment centers.... Read More
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4 pages
2011
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Implementation of a Contingency Management-Based Intervention in a Community Supervision Setting: Clinical Issues and Recommendations
By Trotman, Adria J.; Taxman, Faye E..
The contingency management component of a cognitively-behaviorally based substance abuse treatment program in a probation setting is examined. Individuals looking to set up a similar treatment program will find this article very informative. The program is called "Supporting Offenders to Avoid Recidivism and Initiate New Goals (SOARING)". Sections following an abstract include: contingency management (CM) overview; CM intervention settings; CM intervention in substance use treatment; CM in crimi... Read More
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15 pages
2011
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Managing Prisons Effectively: The Potential of Contingency Management Programs
By Gendreau, Paul; Listwan, Shelley J.. Public Safety Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
This study reviewed the literature regarding the effectiveness of contingency management (CM) while also creating a set of factors that are needed for a successful CM program. “First, it was found that CM programs produced large positive gains in the range of 60%-70% which surpassed the effectiveness of other types of interventions. Secondly, the list of principles tabulated for delivering CM program were categorized as to how to implement them and deliver the service (i.e., strategies for what ... Read More
WEB
178 pages
2011
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Penal & Drug Rehabilitation w/ Tai Chi & Qigong—A Resource for Court, Jail, Prison, and Drug Rehabilitation Professionals, & Tai Chi & QG Teachers
World Tai Chi & Qigong Day (Overland Park, KS).
Information about the use of tai chi or Qigong in a drug rehabilitation program is supplied. “A small preliminary study has shown that men who have learned these practices are successful upon parole ninety four percent of the time” (p. 1). Articles available on this website include: “World T'ai Chi & Qigong Day Begins a Life Journey. . . Benefiting "MANY" Women in the Kansas State Correctional Facility for Women” by Linda Bower; “An End to Crime, Qi Gong in Corrections” by James K. Hecker; and “... Read More
WEB
6 pages
2011
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Sexual Offending
This publication provides a great introduction to issues surrounding juvenile sex offenders. Topics covered include: characteristics of male and female juvenile sexual offenders; comorbidity; assessment'clinical assessment and assessment of the juvenile's home or living arrangement; treatments'recommended components, promising treatment approaches, and other treatment related information; and controversial treatments.... Read More
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9 pages
2010
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A Provider’s Introduction to Substance Abuse Treatment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD).
“This publication presents information to assist providers in improving substance abuse treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans-gender (LGBT) clients by raising awareness about the issues unique to LGBT clients. Sensitizing providers to these unique issues will, it is hoped, result in more effective treatment and improved treatment outcomes. Effective treatment with any population should be sensitive and culturally competent. Substance abuse treatment providers, counselors, therapists, a... Read More
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228 pages
2010
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Peer Recovery Support Services: Recovery Management in Healthcare Background Paper
Faces & Voices of Recovery (Washington, DC).
Information is provided regarding “the development and delivery of peer recovery support services for people seeking to achieve or sustain long-term recovery from addiction to alcohol or other drugs” (p. 1). This paper contains 11 sections: differentiating between peer recovery support services and other services; where peer recovery support services are in the recovery process; types of peer recovery support services; where they are delivered; what organizational entities are delivering peer re... Read More
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8 pages
2010
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Legally Coerced Treatment for Drug Using Offenders: Ethical and Policy Issues
By Hall, Wayne; Lucke, Jayne. New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (Sydney, NSW).
“This bulletin discusses the policy and ethical implications raised by legally coercing drug offenders into drug treatment in the community and providing compulsory treatment within the prison system” (p.1) Sections of this bulletin include: the case for legally coerced drug treatment; forms of legally coerced drug treatment; the ethics of coerced drug treatment; community-based drug treatment—what works; the effectiveness of legally coerced drug treatment in the community; drug courts; prison-b... Read More
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12 pages
2010
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The Federal Bureau of Prisons Annual Report on Substance Abuse Treatment Programs Fiscal Year 2010
U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
The efforts of the U.S. Bureau of Prisons (BOP) to follow Subtitle T of Title III of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (VCCLEA) are stated. This report is divided into four parts: identifying offender treatment needs; substance abuse treatment population; and BOP drug abuse treatment programs; and compliance with the requirements of the VCCLEA.... Read More
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13 pages
2010
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Offender Incentives and Behavioural Management Strategies
By Serin, Ralph C.; Hanby, Laura J.. Correctional Service of Canada (Ontario, Ottawa).
“This review juxtaposes several themes across more than three decades in an effort to highlight consensus in the published literature regarding factors that might influence offender behaviour. To reduce the occurrence of misconducts and violence in prisons, various strategies have been explored. Contingency management programs in the form of individual and systemic incentives are the focus of this discussion, with examples drawn from both correctional and non-correctional settings” (p. 1). Secti... Read More
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33 pages
2010
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Diffusion of Contingency Management and Attitudes Regarding Its Effectiveness and Acceptability
By Bride, Brian E.; Abraham, Amanda J.; Roman, Paul M.. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access (Bethesda, MD).
The use of contingency management (CM) by substance abuse counselors is investigated. Sections following an abstract include: introduction; methods; results according to sample characteristics, diffusion of CM, perceived effectiveness of CM, and attitudes toward acceptability of CM; and discussion. “Findings suggest that lack of exposure to CM through program use and innovation-specific training is the most salient barrier to CM adoption and diffusion” (p. 1).... Read More
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13 pages
1997
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Intervention Strategies for Offenders with Co-Occurring Disorders: What Works?
By Peters, Roger H.; Hills, Holly A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. University of Florida. Louis de la Porte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
Various models of intervention have been developed to address the needs of persons with co-occurring disorders. Therapeutic communities, 12-step programs, and cognitive-behavioral interventions that were designed initially to treat mental illness have been modified to address co-occurring substance abuse. This report highlights the need for additional monitoring of persons with co-occurring disorders who are under community supervision, and the importance of cross-training for supervision office... Read More
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56 p.
1997
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The Prevalence of Co-Occurring Mental and Substance Abuse Disorders in the Criminal Justice System
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.. National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY).
Having a substance abuse disorder is related to a higher likelihood of having a co-occurring mental illness. Similarly, having a mental illness increases the probability of having a co-occurring substance abuse disorder. This paper details the occurrences of both disorders in the nation's jails, prisons, and community corrections agencies.... Read More
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2 p.
1997
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Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System
By Peters, Roger H.; Bartoi, Marla Green. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Center for Mental Health Services (Washington, DC). National GAINS Center (Delmar, NY); University of South Florida. Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute. Dept. of Mental Health Law and Policy (Tampa, FL).
The rates of both mental health disorders and substance abuse disorders are significantly higher among criminal justice populations than those in the general population. Screening and assessing inmates for these disorders is addressed in this document, with the focus on the instruments available for this work, and how to combine them to screen and assess co-occurring disorders.... Read More
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133 p.
1994
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Profiles of Correctional Substance Abuse Treatment Programs: Women and Violent Youthful Offenders
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
This document provides brief overviews of substance abuse treatment programs currently serving women and youthful violent offenders. Eleven programs for women are identified, including OPTIONS, WINGS, Forever Free, Marilyn Baker House, Booneville Treatment Center for Women, Dos Pasos Program, and New Image. The two programs described for youthful violent offenders are the Cook County Day Reporting Center and the substance abuse treatment program at the Lee Arrendale Correctional Institution. Pro... Read More
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98 p.
1991
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Intervening with Substance-Abusing Offenders: A Framework for Action
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Task Force on Correctional Substance Abuse Strategies (N.P.); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Effective, documented strategies for controlling contraband in institutions, monitoring substance abuse behavior, and therapeutic or educational intervention do exist. This document discusses six major goals for substance abuse programming. They include: assessment, programming, linkages, human resources, environment, and accountability. Strategy briefs are provided for various programs that have been implemented to deal with substance abuse among criminal offenders. These programs include: Co... Read More
PDF
159 p.
1991
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Intervening with Substance-Abusing Offenders: A Framework for Action: Executive Summary
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Task Force on Correctional Substance Abuse Strategies (N.P.); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
A brief discussion is provided of the six major goals suggested by the National Task Force on Correctional Substance Abuse Strategies for substance abuse programming.... Read More
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30 p.
1990
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State Corrections Agencies' Substance Abuse Treatment Programs: Results of an NIC Information Center Survey
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); LIS, Inc. (Boulder, CO).
As a follow-up to a national survey of state correctional agencies' substance abuse treatment programs, this paper summarizes methods for identifying inmates with treatment needs, the proportion of these inmates who are receiving treatment, the use of objective screening instruments by state agencies, and the use of inmate profile data in assigning treatment. A summary of types of substance abuse treatment programs includes those designed as therapeutic communities and programs that target speci... Read More
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9 p.
1989
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Overview of Substance Abuse Treatment Programs in Correctional Settings
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Boulder, CO); L.I.S., Inc. (Boulder, CO).
This report highlights corrections agencies' efforts to address the supervision and treatment of offenders with substance abuse problems. Section 1 summarizes national surveys on the topic; Section 2 describes treatment programs in the range of correctional settings. (p. 1)... Read More
PDF
13 p.
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