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Date Title Type
Document 027574
Aging Prisoners: A Brief Report of Key Legal and Policy Dilemmas
By Doron, Israel Issi; Love, Helene.
The problems surrounding the imprisonment of elderly offenders are examined. The key legal and policy challenges concerning older prisoners covered are: early and compassionate release; segregation or integration; the meaning of imprisonment in old age and its legal implications; fixed versus tailored sentences; and if prison is the right place to confine older offenders. The authors conclude with a discussion of whether there is a need for “age specific” legal policy for older inmates.... Read More
6 pages
Document 026051
Aging Prisoners: A Crisis in Need of Intervention
By Maschi, Tina, editor; Morrissey, Mary Beth, editor; Immarigeon, Russ, editor; Sutfin, Samantha L.. Fordham University. Graduate School of Social Service. Be the Evidence Project (New York, NY); Collaborative of Palliative Care. Westchester and Southern Region (New York, NY).
This white paper is divided into four parts: introduction and overview; public health, mental health, palliative, and end-of-life care issues; criminal justice policies and practices; and interdisciplinary collaboration and community partnerships. Anyone working with elderly offenders should read this report. Chapters of this publication are: “Introduction” by Tina Maschi, Mary Beth Morrissey, Russ Immarigeon, and Samantha Sutfin; “Visualizing the Aging Prisoner Crisis: A Conceptual Model for Po... Read More
12 pages
Document 026054
Forget Me Not: Dementia in Prison
By Maschi, Tina; Kwak, Jung; Ko, Eunjeong; Morrissey, Mary B..
... Read More
11 pages
Document 026319
Federal Bureau of Prisons: Methods for Estimating Incarceration and Community Corrections Costs and Results of the Elderly Offender Pilot
U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
This report and accompanying presentation slides assess the U.S. Bureau of Prisons’ effectiveness in reasonably evaluating its Elderly Offender Pilot Program. The GAO “identified limitations in BOP’s evaluation of the Pilot and cost estimates that raise questions about the reliability of the evaluation for estimating future costs and informing policy decisions” (p. 2).... Read More
35 pages
Document 026383
Old Behind Bars: The Aging Prison Population in the United States
By Fellner, Jamie. Human Rights Watch (New York, NY).
This report provides “data on the number of aging men and women in prison; provides information on the cost of confining them; and … offers an overview of some ways that prison systems have responded to them. The report tackles some policy considerations posed by incarcerating elderly inmates, and raises the human rights concerns that must be addressed if sound policies are to be developed for the criminal punishment and incarceration of older prisoners, both those who grow old in prison and tho... Read More
110 pages
Document 026450
At America's Expense: The Mass Incarceration of the Elderly
By Chettiar, Inimai; Bunting, Will; Schotter, Geoff. American Civil Liberties Union. Center for Justice (New York, NY).
Data-driven findings and recommendations for addressing the challenges of incarcerating aging prisoners are explained. This report is split into two parts: the aging prison population and its consequences—demographics of a rapidly graying prison population, lower public safety risks of aging prisoners, and the high costs of incarcerating the elderly; and recommendations—short-term reforms, and systemic reform and rethinking the disproportionate sentencing paradigm. Also included is a “Model Cond... Read More
98 pages
Document 026453
Responding to the Needs of an Aging Prison Population
By Williams, Brie; Greifinger, Robert B.. Policy Research Associates (Delmar, NY); John Jay College of Driminal Justice (New Yotk, NY); Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation (New York, NY).
Strategies for addressing the challenges arising from an aging prisoner population are presented. Recommended actions explained are: define “older prisoner”; train staff and health care providers on aging; define prison-based functional impairment; develop a tool for correctional dementia screening; expand research on older women prisoners; expand research on geriatric housing units; expand research on transitional programs; create early medical release policies; and expand research on prison-ba... Read More
4 pages
Document 027390
Memorandum of Agreement Regarding the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Civil Rights Division (Washington, DC).
This Memorandum of Agreement (MOM) addresses the practices of the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County (JCMSC) in its administration of juvenile justice and conditions of confinement for detained youth. Agencies involved in detaining youth should read this document in order to evaluate their own practices and deal with deficiencies that may exist. This document is divided into eight parts: introduction; definitions; substantive remedial measures—due process, DMC and equal protection, and ... Read More
43 pages.
Document 027390
Memorandum of Agreement Regarding the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Civil Rights Division (Washington, DC).
This Memorandum of Agreement (MOM) addresses the practices of the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County (JCMSC) in its administration of juvenile justice and conditions of confinement for detained youth. Agencies involved in detaining youth should read this document in order to evaluate their own practices and deal with deficiencies that may exist. This document is divided into eight parts: introduction; definitions; substantive remedial measures—due process, DMC and equal protection, and ... Read More
43 pages.
Document 025212
Balancing Punishment and Compassion for Seriously Ill Prisoners
By Williams, Brie A.; Sudore, Rebecca L.; Greifinger, Robert; Morrison, R. Sean.
Anyone involved with the compassionate release process needs to read this article. The “medical eligibility criteria of many compassionate-release guidelines—which often assume a definitive prognosis—are clinically flawed, and procedural barriers may further limit their rational application” (p. 122). The authors explain how these flaws can be mended. Sections of this article include: the history and rationale of compassionate release; the compassionate release process; medical-related flaws in ... Read More
5 pages
Document 025631
A Descriptive Profile of Older Women Offenders
By Greiner. Leigh; Allenby, Kim. Correctional Service of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
A descriptive profile of the older female offender in Canada is presented. It offers a valuable comparison to the incarceration of older female offenders in the United States. Results from the study are organized according to: descriptive profile—older women offenders in institutions, under community supervision, and release types; risk, needs, and motivation of older women offenders—criminogenic needs and domains , overall risk, motivation, reintegration potential; other issues—institutional mi... Read More
29 pages
Document 025670
Older People in Prison: A Monitoring Guide for IMBs
By Le Mesurier, Nick. Age UK (London, England).
While this document is written for United Kingdom Independent Monitoring Boards (IMBs), its advice can be easily applied to other agencies “to ensure that people in custody are treated fairly and humanely and are prepared for release” (p. 3). Topics discussed include: older people in prison—the fastest-growing section of the prison population; who the older people in prison are; problems older prisoners face; how you can recognize good practice in support of older prisoners; and examples of good... Read More
12 pages
Document 026053
Trauma and Stress Among Older Adults in the Criminal Justice System: A Review of the Literature with Implications for Social Work
By Maschi, Tina; Dennis, Kelly Sullivan; Gibson, Sandy; MacMillan, Thalia; Sternberg, Susan; Hom, Maryann.
Empirical studies addressing the trauma and stress experienced by elderly offenders are reviewed. This should be read by anyone working with this population. This article includes these sections: background; methods; findings—research methods used across studies, ethnicity, history of traumatic and stressful experiences, age specific stressors among older adult prisoners, consequences and correlates of trauma and stress, and coping resources as a protective factor; and discussion. “Overall, the ... Read More
35 pages
Document 026052
Age, Cumulative Trauma and Stressful Life Events, and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms Among Older Adults in Prison: Do Subjective Impressions Matter?
By Maschi, Tina; Morgen, Keith; Zgoba, Kristen,; Courtney, Deborah; Ristow, Jennifer.
The relationship among older prisoners between age, trauma, stressful life events, and post-traumatic stress is examined. Sections of this article include an executive summary, review of the literature, methods, findings, and discussion. “Results of a path analysis revealed that past year subjective impressions of traumatic and stressful life events had a positive and significant relationship to current post-traumatic stress symptoms. Age was found to have a significant and inverse relationship ... Read More
12 pages
Document 024363
Effectively Managing Aging and Geriatric Offenders [Satellite/Internet Broadcast held March 11, 2010]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This 3-hour program will interest anyone dealing with geriatric offenders. Issues covered during this presentation include:
  • Who geriatric offenders are
  • Awareness of their needs
  • Staff training
  • And special considerations for this population.
Participants will be able to: develop criteria to identify geriatric offenders; describe challenges and options for training staff and improving day to day operations to better manage this population; identify strategies, includi... Read More
2 video DVDs (146 min.)
Document 018735
Correctional Health Care: Addressing the Needs of Elderly, Chronically Ill, and Terminally Ill Inmates
By Anno, B. Jaye; Graham, Camelia; Lawrence, James E.; Shansky, Ronald. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Criminal Justice Institute (Middletown, CT); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
An exploratory report regarding the management of aging and infirm inmates is presented. Six chapters follow an executive summary:
  • Introduction;
  • What we know about elderly, chronically ill, and terminally ill inmates;
  • Effective evaluation for identifying the special needs of inmates;
  • Program, housing, and treatment considerations;
  • Ethical and policy considerations for the care of elderly and infirm inmates;
  • And conclusion.
Appendixes include: Criminal Ju... Read More
148 p.
Document 016941
Correctional Health Care: Suicide Prevention [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]; Prison Health Care: Suicide Prevention
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Common health-based risk factors, programmatic guidelines, and various methods of suicide prevention are discussed during this 20-hour course. This manual contains sections about: the importance of suicide prevention to prison administrators and clinicians; standards of care and liability (case law); aftermath of a suicide; suicide risk indicators; geriatric inmates; and presentation overviews. The lesson plan is presented as an "executive summary" (issue overview).... Read More
2 v. (v.1 - 68 p., v.2 - ca. 205 p.)
Document 013964
Prison Medical Care: Special Needs Populations and Cost Control - Special Issues in Corrections
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Departments of corrections nationwide were surveyed regarding care for populations with specialized medical care needs and also regarding means the departments are using to contain or reduce their overall costs for medical services. The section on specialized needs details state responses concerning medical care for elderly, terminally ill, and chronically ill inmates. Tables identify main facilities housing elderly inmates with special medical needs, responses available for elderly inmates with... Read More
15 p.
Document 010937
An Administrative Overview of the Older Inmate
By Morton, Joann B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
To help correctional administrators meet the needs of an increasing number of older inmates, this document explores primary policy and programmatic issues relevant to this population. It provides a brief overview of existing literature, describes current special unit programs designed for older inmates, and provides an extensive list of resources available for those focusing their efforts on these inmates.... Read More
40 p.
Document 009271
Special Needs Inmates: A Survey of State Correctional Systems
By Hall, Marie. National Institute of Corrections National Academy of Corrections (Boulder, CO). Illinois Dept. of Corrections (Springfield, IL).
The Illinois Department of Corrections conducted a survey of all 50 states to determine the prevalence of inmates who have special medical or mental health needs. Within the 31 states responding, .08 percent to 8.2 percent of prison inmates fell into various special housing categories. These categories included chronic illness, terminally ill, advancing age, ambulation difficulties, and mental health problems.... Read More
34 p.
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