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Date Title Type
Document 028222
Mapping the Criminal Justice System to Connect Justice-Involved Individuals with Treatment and Health Care under the Affordable Care Act
NIC-TA#14C1011; National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"By working together to build a visual portrait of how individuals progress through the criminal justice system, health and justice stakeholders gain better understanding of their respective policies and practices. In addition, mapping allows jurisdictions to consider decision points throughout the entire criminal justice system when exploring opportunities to enroll criminal justice-involved individuals in insurance coverage. This guide is for states and local jurisdictions interested in using ... Read More
21 pages
Document 028226
Justice-Involved Health Information: Policy and Practice Advances in Connecticut
By Trestman, Robert L.; Aseltine, Rob H., Jr..
"Sharing health information across correctional boundaries presents many challenges. Three such projects in Connecticut may be of value in informing other jurisdictions of similar opportunities. This article describes the development and implementation of an interagency release of information (ROI) document and process, a voucher program to provide discharge medications at the time of release, and a statewide research-oriented health information network" (p. 1). Sections of this article include:... Read More
11 pages
Document 028236
Health Reform and Public Safety: New Opportunities, Better Outcomes [Satellite/Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Research shows that there are a disproportionate number of justice involved individuals suffering from chronic illness and/ or mental health and substance abuse disorders. We also know that a majority of the justice-involved individuals are young adults and unemployed or earn an income that is well below the federal poverty line leaving them without the ability to obtain health care. There is now an opportunity to enhance collaboration between the criminal justice/corrections and healthcare syst... Read More
161 minutes
Document 028258
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Pretrial System: A "Front Door" to Health and Safety
Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA) (Washington, DC).
"The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides an historic opportunity for millions of low-income individuals to obtain insurance coverage for their physical and behavioral health care needs. For the last several years, diverse behavioral health advocates, health care providers and community-based prevention organizations, have worked to understand the implications of the ACA on the justice-involved population. Much of the conversation has been centered on the disproportionately ... Read More
15 pages
Document 028392
Resources on the Impact of the Affordable Care Act [ACA] on the Criminal Justice System
National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) (Washington, DC).
If you are looking for information on how the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will impact your agency, you need to visit this website. "On March 23, 2010 President Barack Obama signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, more commonly known as the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Since that time there has been great speculation on how implementation would impact not only the many uninsured; but how access to health care services might impact our criminal justice system. With an estimate... Read More

Document 029598
A Note on HIPAA and 42 CFR Part 2: Dispelling the Myths about Justice-Health Information Sharing
By Matz, Adam K.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
"HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) and 42 CFR Part 2 (Title 42: Public Health, Part 2—Confidentiality of Substance Abuse Patient Records) are two of the most commonly cited barriers to cross-domain information sharing" (p. 1). This brief takes the ten most common myths about justice-health information sharing and explains the realities behind them.... Read More

5 pages
Document 029569
Engaging with the Affordable Care Act: Implications and Recommendations for Adult Drug Court Professionals
By Frescoln, Kirstin P.. National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) (Alexandria, VA).
"The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (hereafter ACA) will affect your adult Drug Court operations and participants whether you work in a state that elected to expand Medicaid and open a state-run health care marketplace under the ACA or are in one that has left Medicaid unchanged and elected to rely on the federal exchange … This bulletin outlines some of the key provisions of the ACA and provides guidance to state administrators and Drug Court team members about where to find informa... Read More

16 pages
Document 029547
Most States Cut Imprisonment and Crime
Pew Charitable Trusts (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent infographic showing how reductions in incarceration lead to decreases in crime. "Over the past five years, the majority of states have reduced their imprisonment rates while experiencing less crime. The relationship between incarceration and crime is complex, but states continue to show that it is possible to reduce both at the same time." A bar chart shows the change in imprisonment rate compared to the change in crime rate over the period of 2008 through 2013 for all 50 st... Read More

Document 027901
Guidance for Governors to Ensure Certification of State Compliance with the Prison Rape Elimination Act
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Assistant Attorney General (Washington, DC).
Instructions are provided to state governors on how to show their state is in compliance with the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). The two attached forms are to be used to indicate their state’s compliance with PREA or the state’s intent not to use more than 5% of certain federal grants to achieve full compliance. The grants involved are the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Formula Program, the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act Formula Grant Program, and the STOP (... Read More
6 pages
Document 027874
Environmental Scan 2013 8th Edition
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 8th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool corrections practitioners also use to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that potentially will ... Read More
34 pages
Document 027802
A Lifetime of Punishment: The Impact of the Felony Drug Ban on Welfare Benefits
By Mauer, Marc; McCalmont, Virginia. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“PRWORA [Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act] imposed a denial of federal benefits to people convicted in state or federal courts of felony drug offenses. The ban is imposed for no other offenses but drug crimes. Its provisions that subject individuals who are otherwise eligible for receipt of SNAP [Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program] or TANF [Temporary Assistance to Needy Families] benefits to a lifetime disqualification applies to all states unless they act t... Read More
12 pages
Document 026991
Webinars – End Silence: The Project on Addressing Prison Rape
American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
Access is provided to a great collection of presentations regarding issues related to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). If you have questions about PREA and it implementation, this is a great place to start. The following webinars are available (as of September 27, 2013): The National PREA Standards: Confidentiality, Ethics and the Law; The National PREA Standards: Implications for Human Resource Practices in Correctional Settings; Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Addressing... Read More
Document 026992
Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Jurisdictions Face Challenges to Implementing the Act, and Stakeholders Report Positive and Negative Effects
photocopy. U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
This report discusses the extent to which jurisdictions have implemented the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA), and what are the reported effects that full implementation has had on public safety, registered sex offenders, and stakeholders. Sections of this report are: back ground; 19 of 56 jurisdictions have substantially implemented SORNA while other jurisdictions reported political will and legal barriers as challenges; stakeholders reported improvements in jurisdictions’... Read More
56 pages
Document 027180
The Implications of the Affordable Care Act on People Involved with the Criminal Justice System
Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
“This brief provides an overview of the implications of the ACA [Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act] for adults involved with the criminal justice system, as well as information about how professionals in the criminal justice field can help this population access the services now available to them” (p. 1). Sections of this publication cover: the opportunity to increase access to community health for offenders by removing financial barriers to obtaining health insurance; what ACA means to... Read More
6 pages
Document 027585
Turning off the Spigot: How Sentencing Safety Valves can Help States Protect Public Safety and Save Money
By Gill, Molly M.. Vera Institute of Justice (New York, NY).
“This report examines several states’ ‘‘safety valve’’ statutes — legislation that allows judges to bypass a mandatory sentence under certain circumstances … a safety valve for cases where the mandatory minimum sentence would be unjust … [It] should serve as a guide to lawmakers and policy advisors across the country who are seeking to reduce their states’ inmate populations and save precious resources currently spent on incarceration” (p. 349). Sections of this report discuss: the rising costs ... Read More
11 pages
Document 027663
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ): The Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Justice-Involved Populations
Community Oriented Correctional Health Services (COCHS) (Oakland, CA).
The answers to the eleven most asked questions about providing health care in a correctional setting as directed by the Affordable Care Act (ACA) are given. This is important information for correctional agencies trying to address the costs they incur in the provision of inmate health services.... Read More
5 pages
Document 027667
Prisoner Classification and Gang Activity
This article provides a brief but very informative explanation of how courts rule on cases involving custodial risk levels based on the previous gang activity of the prisoner. Sections cover: issue introduction; classifying gang members; Michigan’s Security Threat Group (STG); quantum of evidence; due process; and failure to classify.... Read More
8 pages
Document 027319
Improving the Carceral Conditions of Federal Immigrant Detainees
By Martin, Matthew J. .
The need to classify nonfederal facilities as government agents accountable under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) is explained. The following three sections make up this Note: recent trends in federal immigrant detention—detention in nonfederal prisons, and widespread abuse and neglect of federal immigrant detainees; legislative and executive intervention—motivated attributional biases concerning unpopular groups, and political power; and judicial remedies—suing nonfederal prisons, and suing ... Read More
22 pages
Document 026998
Solitary Confinement: Is Long-Term Isolation of Prisoners Inhuman?
By Katel, Peter.
This report takes an in-depth look at whether long-term solitary confinement constitutes torture, and whether separating the “worst of the worst” from other prisoners is beneficial. Sections of this publication include: the issues; background—repentance in isolation, supreme displeasure, institutionalizing solitary, and constitutional issues; chronology; current situation—fight over supermax, and new litigation; at issue—two opposing views of solitary’s use; and outlook—solitary losing favor.... Read More
24 pages
Document 026970
Juvenile Justice and Mentoring: Mentoring Youth in 6 Juvenile Justice Settings: Research and Resources
Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth.” This website provides access to materials that will assist you in implementing and sustaining an effective juvenile mentoring program. The criminal justice settings are youth/teen court diversion programs, delinquency court, dependency court, juvenile correc... Read More
Document 026656
Facility Toolkit for Engaging Families in Their Child's Education at a Juvenile Justice Facility
U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE). Student Achievement and School Accountability Programs (Washington, DC). American Institutes for Research. National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center (NDTAC) for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At Risk (Washington, DC).
'This Facility Toolkit is designed for facility and school administrators. It provides tools they can use to promote family involvement in a facility school. The tools are intended to be used to help encourage families'including those who are reluctant, fearful, or unprepared'to become more involved and to encourage staff'including those who are doubtful, cynical, or unprepared'to persist in their efforts to engage families. Although the primary audience for this toolkit is facility and school a... Read More
40 pages
Document 026014
National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Prison Rape
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Legal Policy (Washington, DC).
The goal of this final rule is to prevent, detect, and respond to sexual abuse in adult prisons and jails, lockups, community-based facilities, and juvenile facilities. It was created in response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). “In drafting the final rule, the Department balanced a number of competing considerations. In the current fiscal climate, governments at all levels face budgetary constraints. The Department has aimed to craft standards that will yield the maximum desired effec... Read More
268 pages
Document 026162
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)
By Feder, Jody; Brougher, Cynthia. Congressional Research Service (Washington, DC).
The impact of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) on employment practices related to sexual orientation and gender identity is explained. “Introduced in various incarnations in every congressional session since the 103rd Congress, the proposed Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA; H.R. 1397/S. 811) would prohibit discrimination based on an individual’s actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity by public and private employers in hiring, discharge, compensation, and oth... Read More
11 pages
Document 026361
LGBT People and the Prison Rape Elimination Act
National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC).
The application of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards to situations involving LGBT people is explained. This is a great overview for correctional staff. Sections of this document address: a crisis of sexual abuse in confinement; the most important protections for LGBT offenders being screening and classification, housing transgender people, protective custody, segregated LGBT pods or units, searches, minors in adult facilities, staff training, reporting abuse, support for survivors... Read More
6 pages
Document 026525
The Affordable Care Act: Implications for Public Safety and Corrections Populations
By Phillips, Susan D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“The Affordable Care Act (ACA) signed into law by the President in 2011 potentially can aid individuals who are at risk for incarceration and those who have been incarcerated through provisions that allow states to expand eligibility for Medicaid. The ACA creates new mechanisms for uninsured people to obtain coverage for physical and behavioral health care” (p. 1). This report discusses: what the ACA entails; health issues and correctional populations—cycling in and out of correctional facilitie... Read More
14 pages
Document 026704
Key Elements of the Affordable Care Act: Interface with Correctional Settings and Inmate Health Care
Coalition of Correctional Health Authorities (CCHA) (Alexandria, VA); American Correctional Association (ACA) (Alexandria, VA).
'Understanding the key elements of the Affordable Care Act and how it will affect corrections and correctional health care is critical as planning and implementation progress ' Several provisions of the act have direct and indirect effects on the corrections profession, inmate health care and reentry provisions, thereby making it essential that correctional leaders carefully engage their state governments and community partners ' This document provides an overview of the key elements of the Affo... Read More
16 pages
Document 026733
Veterans Treatment Court Resources
Justice for Vets (Justice4Vets) (Alexandria, VA).
Information regarding Veteran Treatment Courts (VTCs) can be found on this website. 'Veteran Treatment Courts hold veterans accountable to themselves and to the community ' The Veterans Treatment Court model requires regular court appearances (a bi-weekly minimum in the early phases of the program), as well as mandatory attendance at treatment sessions and frequent and random testing for substance use (drug and/or alcohol). Veterans respond favorably to this structured environment given their p... Read More
Document 026607
Prison Litigation Reform Act: Exhaustion of Remedies [Part 1 and 2]
Americans for Effective Law Enforcement, Inc (AELE). Civil Liability and Jail and Prisoner Law Sections (Chicago, IL).
'It was with the hope of reducing the filing of frivolous litigation, of allowing correctional officials an enhanced opportunity to remedy problems before facing the burdens of litigation, and lightening the load on the courts by full utilization of the various grievance and other administrative processes already available in prisons and jails, that Congress enacted the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA) ' The subject of this article is the requirement, in 42 U.S.C. Sec. 1997e of the PLRA, that... Read More
16 pages
Document 025359
Prisoner Reentry and the Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act
By Periman, Deborah. University of Alaska Anchorage. Justice Center (Anchorage, AK).
“The Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act, designed to facilitate offender reentry throughout the United States, is model legislation by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL).” Sections of this article include: background; overview of the collateral consequences problem and the proposed act; operative provision of the 2010 Uniform Act; implications for Alaska; estimated number of adults under correctional supervision in Alaska and the U.S. by correc... Read More
5 pages
Document 025571
Frequently Asked Questions: Implications of the Federal Health Legislation on Justice-Involved Populations
By DiPietro, Barbara. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) on justice-involved individuals is explained. This publication “address[es] how the health reform legislation expands these adults’ eligibility for Medicaid and what services will be made available, the requirements and exemptions specified by the legislation, and how enrollment will take place” (p. 1). Answers range from what the common barriers to receiving health insurance for this population are to how corrections officials... Read More
9 pages
Document 020749
Project Guide: The NEPA Land Use Process for Proposed Development of Correctional Facilities in Indian Country
National Institute of Corrections. Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP) (Washington, DC); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Justice Planners International (JPI) (Demarest, NJ); Langan Engineering and Environmental Services, Inc. (Elmwood Park, NY).
Compliance issues proposed correctional facilities in Indian Country face with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 are explained. The NEPA Environmental Assessment (EA) process requires: initiation of the NEPA analysis; development of an EA; the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI); Environmental Impact Statement (EIS); Record of Decision (ROD); and implementing the decision.... Read More
17 p.
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