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Date Title Type
Document 030184
Hepatitis C in Correctional Settings: Challenges and Opportunities
By Maurer, Kathleen; Gondles, Elizabeth F.; Efeti, Doreen; Strom, Harrison V.. American Correctional Association (ACA). Coalition of Correctional Health Authorities (CCHA) (Alexandria, VA).
"This monograph presents the results of a national survey on hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in corrections in the U.S. This survey looked at both the current and future management of HCV infected patients in the nation’s correctional systems … The survey questions were designed to address six key areas to better understand how HCV infection is managed in corrections. These areas included policy/clinical guidelines, prevalence, current treatment practices, prevention/education strategies, the ... Read More

20 pages
Document 030028
Hepatitis C in Corrections: Innovations in Treatment and Management of a Public Health Challenge [Internet Broadcast]
By Grant, Anita; Greer, James; Guilfoyle, Sheila M.; Kendig, Newton; Maurer, Kathleen; Ojo, Olugbenga; Zawitz, Chad. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, with approximately three million persons living with current infection. Of the two million individuals incarcerated in US federal and state prisons, a February 2015 Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) special report states that 9.8% of these individuals have Hepatitis C. With the advent of a one pill per day treatment regimen, the management of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) in corrections is rapidly evolvin... Read More

38 pages + 155 minutes
Document 028037
Traumatic Brain Injury in the Criminal Justice Population [Webinar]
By Bridwell, Ashley; MacDonald, Ross. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC) . Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
“This webinar discusses the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its implications for the criminal justice system. It also addresses the causes, consequences, and signs of TBI, as well as the relationship between TBI and co-occurring behavioral health disorders. Presenters share management strategies to improve responses and support services. This is particularly useful for practitioners, correctional and community supervision personnel, and service providers.” Topics discussed include... Read More
88 minutes + 39 pages
Document 029567
Civil Liability for Inadequate Prisoner Medical Care: Eye and Vision Related
Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) Law Enforcement Legal Center (Chicago, IL).
"Jails and prisons are constitutionally mandated to provide adequate medical care to those in their care, since prisoners and detainees cannot seek medical treatment on their own. Deliberate indifference to the need for treatment of a known serious medical problem can result in civil liability. A number of cases have made it clear that included in this requirement is treatment for eye and vision problems" (p. 1). This article looks at the case law related to the mandated provision of eye and vis... Read More
10 pages
Document 029870
"Seek, Test, Treat and Retain" For Hepatitis C in the United States Criminal Justice System
By Larney, Sarah; Beckwith, Curt G.; Zaller, Nickolas D.; Montague, Brian T.; Rich, Josiah.
The potential benefits and challenges of applying “seek, test, treat and retain” (STTR) model of care to hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the US criminal justice system is examined. Sections of this article cover: seek—the potential of criminal justice populations for case findings; test—expanding HCV testing through opt-out screening; treat—implications of emerging HCV therapies for correctional settings; retain—ensuring adherence during and after incarceration; and challenges to HCV STTR in the crim... Read More

10 pages
Document 027696
Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Medical Health Care for Sexual Assault Victims in a Confinement Setting Course
By National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Welcome to the National Institute of Corrections’ Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Medical Health Care for Sexual Assault Victims in a Confinement Setting Course. The purpose of this course is to assist agencies in meeting the requirements of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Section 115.35 “Specialized training: Medical and mental health care”. At the end of this course, you will be able to explain the PREA standards that relate to the provision of medical care for victims of sexual abus... Read More
Document 027724
TB in Correctional Facilities in the United States
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Atlanta, GA).
If you have questions about tuberculosis (TB) in correctional settings, then this website is for you. Information is presented according to: background and risk factors; TB prevention and control measures in correctional facilities; surveillance data on TB in correctional facilities; and CDC resources on TB in correctional facilities—correctional and public health resources by state, CDC recommendations, TB Fact Series and Questions and Answers about Tuberculosis (both in English and Spanish ver... Read More
Document 026700
Providing Constitutional and Cost-Effective Inmate Medical Care
By Edwards, Aaron. California. Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO) (Sacramento, CA).
“In 2006, after finding that California had failed to provide a constitutional level of medical care to its inmates, a federal court appointed a Receiver to take over the direct management and operation of the state’s inmate medical care program from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR)” (p. 3). The impact of the Receiver on the provision of medical care to California prison inmates is described along with plans for the transition of medical care management back to ... Read More
28 pages
Document 026703
State Strategies for Controlling Inmate Health Care Costs
National Governors' Association (NGA). Center for Best Practices (Washington, DC).
“Inmate health care is a primary driver of state corrections costs. On average, states spend between 10 and 20 percent of their corrections budgets on providing health care, which inmates have a right to receive under the Eighth Amendment’s ban against cruel and unusual punishment. Because prisoners are not eligible for Medicare or Medicaid, states are left with the entire cost of providing them health care. As the nation’s prison population gets older and the number of chronically and terminall... Read More
Document 024121
Locking Up H1N1
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This 3-hour program, originally broadcast December 9, 2009, and hosted by the National Institute of Corrections, will address the issue of correctional facility operations and H1N1 (swine flu). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and criminal justice agencies have joined forces to provide some practical strategies for prevention and control. Participants of this satellite/Internet broadcast will be able to: define the current status of the H1N1 pandemic, including perspectives on i... Read More
3 computer disks; DVD-ROM (162 min) + 1 computer disk; CD-ROM
Document 019576
Bureau of Prisons Clinical Practice Guidelines
U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Access to Federal Bureau of Prisons medical treatment and clinical practice guidelines and general resources is provided at this website.... Read More
2 p.
Document 019466
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, February 2004
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; Domestic Preparedness and the Impact on Large Jails by Sue Menser; meeting participants discussion of issues; Role of the Jail in Public Health Policy by Don Leach; MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Areus by Dennis Williams; response by jail and public health officials to contagious disease emergencies; National Sheriffs Association: Weapons of Mass Destruction Initiative: Jail Evacuation Planning and Implementation by Mike Jack... Read More
49 p.
Document 017999
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 2002
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
Contents of these proceedings include: meeting highlights; "Cost Containment for Inmate Health Care" by Rebecca Craig; "Taming the Cost of Health Care in Detentions: What Works in San Diego County" by William Sparrow; "Confronting Costs for Medical Care: Open Forum Discussion"; "Increased Medical Costs: Managed Care and Private Contracts" by David Parrish and Dennis Williams; "Public Health and Jails: Challenges and Current Activities" by Roberto Hugh Potter and Dennis Andrews; "Succession Plann... Read More
65 p.
Document 016070
Application and Use of Restraints in Custody: Reducing the Risk
  • [Videoconference Held April 19, 2000]
  • National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    This presentation will increase the user's understanding of the risks associated with the use of restraints, tools to reduce risk, and the proper way to use restraints in custody. Issues discussed include:
    • Potential problems and concerns with the use of restraints;
    • Terminology, physiology, and medical risks associated with the application and use of restraints;
    • Planned and unplanned use of force;
    • The need for policy development, training, and monitoring;
    • Tools to reduce th... Read More
    1 DVD (162 min.)
    Document 015362
    Managing Infectious Diseases in Corrections [Videoconference Held July 8, 1999]
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Since the prevalence of infectious diseases is higher among incarcerated populations than in the general public, the content of this videoconference is of vital import for correctional professionals. The program covers: infectious diseases and their implications for corrections management; medical issues related to Hepatitis-B, Hepatitis-C, HIV, and tuberculosis; risk to staff; risk management approaches like education, protection, and post-exposure; how to evaluate an institution's infectious d... Read More
    2 video DVDs (165 min.)
    Document 015366
    Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 1999
    National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
    The meeting primarily dealt with recruiting, hiring, and retraining jail staff. Sessions included: improving opportunities for successful recruitment, selection, and retention of staff; successful/innovative recruitment; improving staff selection; other issues of interest like staffing analysis, problems with stainless steel fixtures, and position announcements; staff retention; NIC study of jail staffing; and a workshop on controlling sexually transmitted diseases in jails. ... Read More
    43 p.
    Document 013964
    Prison Medical Care: Special Needs Populations and Cost Control - Special Issues in Corrections
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
    Departments of corrections nationwide were surveyed regarding care for populations with specialized medical care needs and also regarding means the departments are using to contain or reduce their overall costs for medical services. The section on specialized needs details state responses concerning medical care for elderly, terminally ill, and chronically ill inmates. Tables identify main facilities housing elderly inmates with special medical needs, responses available for elderly inmates with... Read More
    15 p.
    Document 013485
    Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, July 1996
    National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
    NIC's Large Jail Network meeting's highlights are presented in this document. The focus of the meeting was the topic of juveniles in adult jails, and among the issues discussed were: effective approaches to handling juveniles in jails; preparing and training staff to manage juvenile offenders; the public health dimension of jail medical services; and community, media, and interagency issues.... Read More
    79 p.
    Document 011671
    Chronic Care Clinics: Protocols and Clinic Procedures
    By Hipkens, James H.; Krause, Kathryn; Lamarre, Madeleine. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Georgia Dept. of Corrections (Atlanta, GA).
    Chronic care clinic procedures and protocols are provided for the following areas: cardiovascular, diabetes mellitus, gastrointestinal, hypertension, infectious disease, seizure, pulmonary, tuberculosis infection, and men's and women's wellness clinics. The document, "Drug Formulary," by the Georgia Department of Corrections is included.... Read More
    153 p.
    Document 010860
    Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 24-26, 1993, Denver, Colorado
    National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
    The theme of this year's Large Jail Network meeting focuses on the problem of airborne and blood-borne pathogens in jails. The conference opens with a presentation on tuberculosis and infectious diseases, followed by sessions on dealing with blood-borne and airborne pathogens, exposure control plans, training programs, and rising health care costs in jails. Brief findings are provided from NIJ's AIDS survey.... Read More
    36 p.
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