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Browsing Documents Related to 'Offender Reintegration'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028156
Critical Elements of Juvenile Reentry in Research and Practice
By Altschuler, David; Bilchik, Shay. Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
"The research on “what works” with youth involved in the juvenile justice system has grown substantially in the last two decades. Taking account of this new research, a number of states and jurisdictions have made significant changes to their juvenile justice policies and practices. To further this pursuit, this article offers guidance that draws from the most recent research and promising practices based on the new evidence. This article focuses primarily on juvenile justice policies and practi... Read More
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2014
Document 029500
Resource Directory for Prisoners
SourcePoint Global Outreach. Naljor Prison Dharma Service (Santa Cruz, CA).
This is one of the very best resources for enabling inmates to connect with various outreach and personal growth services. These programs are organized into the following areas: Buddhist; Christian; Hindu and Yoga; further resources for psychological and spiritual transformation (ageless wisdom, interfaith, metaphysical, Native American, and psychology); legal support; free book resources; pen pal correspondence (Buddhist, Christian, Jewish, and non-religious); creative writing, artistic resourc... Read More
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2014
Document 029518
Evaluation of the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative Reentry Programs: Findings and Recommendations
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Bieler, Sam.; Kim, KiDeuk. Allegheny County Jail Collaborative (Pittsburgh, PA); Allegheny County Bureau of Corrections (Pittsburgh, PA). Urban Institute (New York, NY).
"This study evaluates two of Allegheny County (PA)’s programs to improve the successful reintegration of jail inmates following their return to the community. Both programs were designed to reduce re-offending through the use of risk/needs assessment, coordinated reentry planning, and the use of evidence-based programs and practices." Six sections follow an executive summary: introduction; study design; fidelity assessment findings and implications; impact evaluation analysis and findings; summa... Read More

70 pages
2013
Document 027922
Reentry Matters: Strategies and Successes of Second Chance Act Grantees Across the United States
Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY).
If your agency is looking for ideas on how to provide effective reentry services then this report is a great place to start. The program snapshots "illustrate the positive impact these reentry initiatives can have by focusing on areas vital to reintegration back into the community … Representing a wide range of populations served, these programs also demonstrate the diversity of approaches that can address recidivism and increase public safety” (p. 1). Programs are described that: support employ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2013
Document 027517
Reentry Council Snapshots and Additional Resources
U.S. Bureau of Justice (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
Access is provided to a collection of Snapshots that discuss issues central to offender reentry. “Each Snapshot briefly describes the issue, summarizes Reentry Council accomplishments to date, lays out the Council’s priorities moving forward, and points to key resources and links.” These cover: employment; education; housing; public safety; justice-involved veterans; child support; women and reentry; reentry in reservation communities; children of incarcerated parents; access to health care; and... Read More
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2013
Document 027507
Policy Review and Development Guide: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Persons in Custodial Settings
By Smith, Brenda V.; Loomis, Melissa C.; Yarussi, Jaime M.; Marksamer, Jody. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Smith Consulting (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
“This guide includes information that will help adult correctional facilities and juvenile justice agencies to assess, develop, or improve policies and practices regarding LGBTI [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex] individuals in their custody. The guide is not meant to be a quick reference for writing policies appropriate for all agencies and/or facilities. It is intentionally vague on “how to” advice and “plug and play” policy guidance. Guides for writing policies exist in many ... Read More
PDF
79 pages
2013
Document 027628
Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies: Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Job Readiness
By Duran, Le’Ann; Plotkin, Martha; Potter, Phoebe; Rosen, Henry. Annie E. Casey Foundation (Philadelphia, PA); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY).
“Employment providers are already serving large numbers of individuals released from correctional facilities or who are required to find jobs as conditions of their probation or parole. Yet the corrections, reentry, and workforce development fields have lacked an integrated tool that draws on the best thinking about reducing recidivism and improving job placement and retention to guide correctional supervision and the provision of community-based services. To address this gap, this white paper p... Read More
PDF
76 pages
2013
Document 027628
Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies: Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Job Readiness
By Duran, Le’Ann; Plotkin, Martha; Potter, Phoebe; Rosen, Henry. Annie E. Casey Foundation (Philadelphia, PA); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY).
“Employment providers are already serving large numbers of individuals released from correctional facilities or who are required to find jobs as conditions of their probation or parole. Yet the corrections, reentry, and workforce development fields have lacked an integrated tool that draws on the best thinking about reducing recidivism and improving job placement and retention to guide correctional supervision and the provision of community-based services. To address this gap, this white paper p... Read More
PDF
76 pages
2013
Document 027632
Journal of Juvenile Justice
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
If you want to keep up with the juvenile justice field, then this e-journal should be on your list. “The Journal of Juvenile Justice is a semi-annual, peer-reviewed journal sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Articles address the full range of issues in juvenile justice, such as juvenile victimization, delinquency prevention, intervention, and treatment.”... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027632
Journal of Juvenile Justice
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
If you want to keep up with the juvenile justice field, then this e-journal should be on your list. “The Journal of Juvenile Justice is a semi-annual, peer-reviewed journal sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Articles address the full range of issues in juvenile justice, such as juvenile victimization, delinquency prevention, intervention, and treatment.”... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027632
Journal of Juvenile Justice
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
If you want to keep up with the juvenile justice field, then this e-journal should be on your list. “The Journal of Juvenile Justice is a semi-annual, peer-reviewed journal sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Articles address the full range of issues in juvenile justice, such as juvenile victimization, delinquency prevention, intervention, and treatment.”... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027632
Journal of Juvenile Justice
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
If you want to keep up with the juvenile justice field, then this e-journal should be on your list. “The Journal of Juvenile Justice is a semi-annual, peer-reviewed journal sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Articles address the full range of issues in juvenile justice, such as juvenile victimization, delinquency prevention, intervention, and treatment.”... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027381
Prison Entrepreneurship Program: 2012 Annual Report and Audited Financials
Prison Entrepreneurship Program (PEP) (Houston, TX).
This report provides an overview of Texas’ Prison Entrepreneurship Program (PEP). PEP connects convicted felons with the top business executives, MBA students, and investors with the purpose of helping these prisoners succeed in the business world upon their release. Sections comprising this report are: about PEP; 2012 Operations Report; 2012 Impact Report; 2012 Financial Report; 2013 Budget; 2012 Goals; and leadership roster. PEP saves the state of Texas $50,000 per graduate and results in part... Read More
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12 pages
2013
Document 027521
An Innovative Program Model for Mental Health Clinic Services for Correctional Reentry Populations: The Fortune Society’s Better Living Center
Jacob and Valeria Langeloth Foundation (New York, NY). Policy Research Associates (PRAINC) (Delmar, NY).
New York’s Better Living Center (BLC) (in Queens) is highlighted. “Regardless of an individual's reason for not seeking mental health treatment, their risk of recidivism increases greatly without the appropriate treatment. The Fortune Society’s innovative approach to addressing the problem of criminal justice-involved clients with mental illness not engaging in treatment was to create the Better Living Center” (p. 1). The Fortune society provides recently released inmate with a “one-stop model” ... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 027518
Emergency Procedures for Private Prisons
Oklahoma Dept. of Corrections (Oklahoma City, OK).
Procedures cover: definition of an emergency; training—training, emergency drills, and notification for private prison disturbances or major disasters; departmental response to private prison emergencies—response, and media; incident debriefing and closure; serious incidents; and departmental response reimbursement—invoice process, monitoring receipts, and adjustments.... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
Document 027635
Life Goes On: The Historic Rise in Life Sentences in America
By Nellis, Ashley; Chung, Jean. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“The lifer population has more than quadrupled in size since 1984. One in nine people in prison is now serving a life sentence and nearly a third of lifers will never have a chance at a parole hearing; they are certain to die in prison. This analysis documents long-term trends in the use of life imprisonment as well as providing empirical details for the offenses that comprise the life-sentenced population” (p. 1). This report contains these sections: introduction and key findings; the rise in l... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2013
Document 027635
Life Goes On: The Historic Rise in Life Sentences in America
By Nellis, Ashley; Chung, Jean. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“The lifer population has more than quadrupled in size since 1984. One in nine people in prison is now serving a life sentence and nearly a third of lifers will never have a chance at a parole hearing; they are certain to die in prison. This analysis documents long-term trends in the use of life imprisonment as well as providing empirical details for the offenses that comprise the life-sentenced population” (p. 1). This report contains these sections: introduction and key findings; the rise in l... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2013
Document 027729
The Federal Bonding Program: A US Department of Labor Initiative
McLaughlin Company (Rockville, MD).
“Failure to become employed after release is a major factor contributing to the high rate of recidivism. Having a record of arrest, conviction or imprisonment functions as a significant barrier to employment since employers generally view ex-offenders as potentially untrustworthy workers and insurance companies usually designate ex-offenders as being “not bondable” for job honesty … The bonds issued by the FBP [Federal Bonding Program] serve as a job placement tool by guaranteeing to the employe... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027729
The Federal Bonding Program: A US Department of Labor Initiative
McLaughlin Company (Rockville, MD).
“Failure to become employed after release is a major factor contributing to the high rate of recidivism. Having a record of arrest, conviction or imprisonment functions as a significant barrier to employment since employers generally view ex-offenders as potentially untrustworthy workers and insurance companies usually designate ex-offenders as being “not bondable” for job honesty … The bonds issued by the FBP [Federal Bonding Program] serve as a job placement tool by guaranteeing to the employe... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027729
The Federal Bonding Program: A US Department of Labor Initiative
McLaughlin Company (Rockville, MD).
“Failure to become employed after release is a major factor contributing to the high rate of recidivism. Having a record of arrest, conviction or imprisonment functions as a significant barrier to employment since employers generally view ex-offenders as potentially untrustworthy workers and insurance companies usually designate ex-offenders as being “not bondable” for job honesty … The bonds issued by the FBP [Federal Bonding Program] serve as a job placement tool by guaranteeing to the employe... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027642
Guidelines for Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison [Webinar]
By Steadman, Henry J.; Osher, Fred C.; Allen, Steve. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY); Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
These “guidelines promote the behavioral health and criminal justice partnerships that are necessary to develop successful approaches to identify which persons need services, what services they need, and how to match these needs upon transition to community-based treatment and supervision. In addition to an overview of the guidelines themselves, nationally recognized experts on individuals with mental health and co-occurring substance use disorders in the justice system: introduced the underlyin... Read More
WEB
60 pages + 90 minutes
2013
Document 027639
State & Tribal Collaboration Webinar Series
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) (Washington, DC); National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) (Washington, DC).
This “webinar series aims to enhance state and tribal collaboration and highlight the benefits of intergovernmental coordination. Each webinar in this series focuses on a different aspect of state and tribal collaboration”. Of particular importance is the focus of most of these webinars on Tribal –State-Local partnerships regarding criminal justice issues. Access is provided to the following webinars (as of 9-30-2013):” Collaborative Approaches to Justice Information Sharing among Tribal, State ... Read More
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2013
Document 027723
Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison
By Blandford, Alex M.; Osher, Fred. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY); Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY).
The Behavioral Health Framework developed to “help professionals in the corrections and behavioral health systems take a coordinated approach to reducing recidivism and advancing recovery” is explained (p. 2). Sections of this publication cover: building effective partnerships through a shared vision; health care reform and opportunities for expanded access to behavioral health services; prioritizing enrollment to facilitate transition; the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model; implications for su... Read More
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43 pages
2013
Document 027546
Best Practices for Increasing Access to SSI/SSDI upon Exiting Criminal Justice Settings
By Ware, Dazara; Dennis, Deborah. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery (SOAR) (Rockville, MD).
“The Social Security Administration (SSA), through its Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) programs, can provide income and other benefits to persons with mental illness who are reentering the community from jails and prisons. The SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery program (SOAR), a project funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is a national technical assistance program that helps people who are homeless or at ... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2013
Document 027546
Best Practices for Increasing Access to SSI/SSDI upon Exiting Criminal Justice Settings
By Ware, Dazara; Dennis, Deborah. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery (SOAR) (Rockville, MD).
“The Social Security Administration (SSA), through its Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) programs, can provide income and other benefits to persons with mental illness who are reentering the community from jails and prisons. The SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery program (SOAR), a project funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is a national technical assistance program that helps people who are homeless or at ... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2013
Document 027546
Best Practices for Increasing Access to SSI/SSDI upon Exiting Criminal Justice Settings
By Ware, Dazara; Dennis, Deborah. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery (SOAR) (Rockville, MD).
“The Social Security Administration (SSA), through its Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) programs, can provide income and other benefits to persons with mental illness who are reentering the community from jails and prisons. The SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access and Recovery program (SOAR), a project funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is a national technical assistance program that helps people who are homeless or at ... Read More
PDF
8 pages
2013
Document 027543
The State of the Re-Entry Service Community in Little Rock: White Paper of Analysis and Recommendations
By Brophy, Kathleen; D’Amico, Mara; Jones, Ashley. University of Arkansas. Clinton School of Public Service (Little Rock, AR).
“This project analyzed the best practices of organizing a service community around the distinct barriers that ex-offenders face as they transition from a correctional institution into the community. The research team focused on the burgeoning re-entry service community in Little Rock, Arkansas, which is developing to meet the needs of a growing ex-offender population. This project fit evidence-based models into the Little Rock context in order to guide service community development to create an ... Read More
PDF
52 pages
2013
Document 027549
Jails: Conducting Security Threat Group and Gang Interviews in a Pre-trial Setting
By Stewart, Sean.
“One of the most important aspects of classification and the subsequent housing of individuals being booked into your facilities is the ability to identify who is a security threat to your facility, inmates and staff. Street and prison gang members pose the greatest risk to the safe and secure operation of your facility if not classified correctly. One the most important indicators of gang membership or association other than tattoos is the interview … For the purpose of this article the main fo... Read More
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4 pages
2013
Document 027654
The Reentry and Employment Project
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center.
“The Reentry and Employment Project was developed to provide policymakers and practitioners with the resources and tools to improve reentry and employment outcomes for individuals with criminal histories. Policymakers across the political spectrum agree that for people released from prison or jail, employment can be the gateway to successful reentry. However, the barriers that millions of adults with criminal records face as they seek to enter the U.S. workforce are extensive and well documented... Read More
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2013
Document 027822
Reducing Criminal Recidivism for Justice-Involved Persons with Mental Illness: Risk/Needs/Responsivity and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions
By Rotter, Merrill; Carr, W. Amory. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
If you work with mentally ill offenders you find this publication very useful. “In this document, we [the authors] review the leading offender recidivism–targeted intervention paradigm: Risk/Needs/Responsivity (RNR) … In particular, we focus on criminal thinking, one of the identified “needs,” and structured cognitive-behavioral interventions from the worlds of criminal justice and mental health that were created or adapted to specifically target the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors associated ... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027898
Three Quarter Houses: The View from the Inside
By Riggs, Robert. John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (PRI) (New York, NY).
Housing is especially difficult to get after an ex-offender is back released into the community. This is an even more difficult challenge to face in New York City. Three-Quarter Houses are one solution for those individuals needing a place to stay till the can find a more stable residence. They are private homes, apartments, or some other type of buildings that rent beds to people. This report is the first to vigorously examine the conditions to be found in Three-Quarter Houses. Two parts make u... Read More
PDF
56 pages
2013
Document 027915
Stories of Transition: Men and Women in the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative’s Reentry Program
By Moushey, Bill. Allegheny County Dept. of Human Services (ACDHS) (Pittsburgh, PA).
This report is written for those individuals working with ex-offenders reentering the community. They are people who want “to understand what the experience of reentry is like for the people behind the statistics — the men and women who are in the midst of their transition from jail … to hear their stories, including the struggles, their reflections and their advice for others … Their memories of their experiences in jail are still fresh, and they spoke openly with [the author] about the help t... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 027803
A Second Chance: Charting a New Course for Re-Entry and Criminal Justice Reform
By Abramsky, Sasha. Leadership Conference Education Fund (Washington, DC).
“The ill-conceived War on Drugs and the overly harsh sentences imposed for low-level offenses have affected almost every area of our criminal justice system, from over policing to sentencing and re-entry. As a result, the disproportionate number of minorities and low-income individuals that encounter our criminal justice system face numerous barriers to successful re-entry when attempting to reintegrate into society. This report examines the consequences of these practices and makes a series of ... Read More
WEB
36 pages
2013
Document 027088
Recidivism Reduction Checklists
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
“These checklists can help familiarize state leaders with key issues related to recidivism reduction, and help them honestly evaluate strengths and weaknesses in their reentry efforts through enhanced communication and coordination.” Checklists are targeted for each of the following—executive and legislative policymakers, state corrections administrators, and state reentry coordinators. The checklists can be used to educate policymakers, to assess the comprehensiveness of their recidivism strate... Read More
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2013
Document 027089
Webinar: The Recidivism Reduction Checklists: A Resource for State Leaders and Corrections Agencies
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
“Three checklists are introduced during this webinar, each tailored to distinct audiences: 1) Executive and Legislative Policymakers; 2) State Corrections Administrators; 3) State Reentry Coordinators. During this webinar a distinguished panel of state corrections directors, policy staff, and state reentry coordinators discussed the content of the checklists, as well as ways that state corrections administrators and their staff can use the checklists to bolster recidivism reduction efforts withi... Read More
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9 minutes + 37 pages
2013
Document 027164
Planning and Assessing a Law Enforcement Reentry Strategy: An Interactive Assessment Tool
Council of State Governments. Justice Center. Reentry Policy Council (New York, NY).
“The aim of this tool is to facilitate an informed discussion among law enforcement agencies and community partners regarding reentry strategies. This material does not constitute a step-by-step guide in creating and implementing a reentry program but rather provides an overview of topics that should be considered and addressed within that development process … [This] is organized into 10 elements meant to represent the building blocks of a reentry strategy that involves law enforcement. Each el... Read More
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2013
Document 026959
Penal Reform International
Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England).
“Penal Reform International [PRI] is an international non-governmental organisation working on penal and criminal justice reform worldwide … PRI seeks to achieve penal reform by promoting: The development and implementation of international human rights instruments in relation to law enforcement and prison conditions; The elimination of unfair and unethical discrimination in all penal measures; The abolition of the death penalty; The reduction of the use of imprisonment throughout the world; [an... Read More
WEB
2013
Document 027165
Lessons Learned: Planning and Assessing a Law Enforcement Reentry Strategy
By Draper, Laura; Norton, Blake. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (Washington, DC).
This report describes how four law enforcement agencies, selected as learning sites, utilized the principles described in “Planning and Assessing a Law Enforcement Reentry Strategy” (NIC accession no. 023295). “The goals of the learning site project were not to identify a gold standard or the most comprehensive law enforcement-driven reentry program in the nation, but rather to report how diverse agencies implemented strategies in key areas of reentry that many professionals on the front lines o... Read More
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60 pages
2013
Document 027363
“Cuff Key to Door Key: A Systems Approach to Reentry": NIC’s Inaugural Virtual Conference
By Iszler, Bernie.
If you or your agency wants or needs information about improving or creating and implementing a new reentry program, then attending this virtual conference is a must. “On June 12, 2013, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) will launch its first-ever virtual conference, “Cuff Key to Door Key: A Systems Approach to Reentry.” Topics covered during the conference will include mental health, sentencing, a review of successful reentry programs, Thinking for a Change (T4C), and a look at the cha... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027094
The National Institute of Justice’s Evaluation of Second Chance Act Adult Reentry Courts: Program Characteristics and Preliminary Themes from Year 1
By Lindquist, Christine; Walters, Jennifer Hardison; Rempel, Michael; Carey, Shannon M.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC); NPC Research (Portland, OR); Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Results from an initial cross-site process evaluation of eight Second Chance Act (SCA) funded reentry courts are presented. Sections of this report include: introduction; reentry courts defined; the NIJ’s Evaluation of Second Chance Act Adult Reentry Courts (NESCAARC) evaluation; selected grantees and the courts’ location; program context—start-up vs. expansion, integration with drug courts, and mechanisms for judicial authority; pre-entry courts; target population and enrollment—criminal justic... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2013
Document 027109
Tinkering with Life: A Look at the Inappropriateness of Life Without Parole as an Alternative to the Death Penalty
By Nellis, Ashley.
Problems with and suggested solutions for the increased use of life without parole (LWOP) are discussed. This article is divided into six sections: the rise of LWOP sentences; causes for LWOP expansion—tough on crime, repeal of the death penalty, public mistrust, and promotion of LWOP as a replacement for the death penalty; what is wrong with LWOP—lack of heightened review, mandatory sentences, and racial disparity; LWOP as an inappropriate alternative to the death penalty; suggestions for refor... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2013
Document 027251
Criminal Records in the Digital Age: A Review of Current Practices and Recommendations for Reform in Texas
By Gaebler, Helen. University of Texas. School of Law. William Wayne Justice Center for Public Interest Law (Austin, TX).
“It is time to broaden the reentry discussion and take a comprehensive look at how criminal records are accessed, disseminated, and utilized in this digital age and to find ways to make the criminal justice system more effective at providing meaningful opportunities for successful and lasting reintegration into our communities” (p. 2). This report explains how access to criminal records can damage efforts for successful reentry and provides suggestions on how to solve this challenge. Eight secti... Read More
PDF
43 pages
2012
Document 027256
Integrating Tribal Cultural Practices into Tribal Juvenile Detention Centers and Reentry Plans
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Resource Center (TJDR) (Washington, DC).
“Traditional cultural ceremonies and practices are integral parts of life for youth, families and communities across Indian Country. Cultural practices and ceremonies teach values of respect, responsibility, health and wellness. These teachings can be especially important for youth who are incarcerated, and those who are preparing to reenter their communities after serving time in a juvenile detention center. Cultural ceremonies and practices, including sweat lodges, talking circles, and storyte... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027256
Integrating Tribal Cultural Practices into Tribal Juvenile Detention Centers and Reentry Plans
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). Tribal Juvenile Detention and Reentry Resource Center (TJDR) (Washington, DC).
“Traditional cultural ceremonies and practices are integral parts of life for youth, families and communities across Indian Country. Cultural practices and ceremonies teach values of respect, responsibility, health and wellness. These teachings can be especially important for youth who are incarcerated, and those who are preparing to reenter their communities after serving time in a juvenile detention center. Cultural ceremonies and practices, including sweat lodges, talking circles, and storyte... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document 027320
Further Efforts Are Needed to Ensure the Internal Revenue Service Prisoner File Is Accurate and Complete
U.S. Treasury Dept. Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) (Washington, DC).
“Refund fraud committed by prisoners remains a significant problem for tax administration. The number of fraudulent tax returns filed by prisoners and identified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has increased from more than 18,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2004 to more than 91,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2010. The refunds claimed on these tax returns increased from $68 million to $757 million … To combat this growing problem, the IRS compiles a list of prisoners (Prisoner File) from... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 027320
Further Efforts Are Needed to Ensure the Internal Revenue Service Prisoner File Is Accurate and Complete
U.S. Treasury Dept. Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) (Washington, DC).
“Refund fraud committed by prisoners remains a significant problem for tax administration. The number of fraudulent tax returns filed by prisoners and identified by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has increased from more than 18,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2004 to more than 91,000 tax returns in Calendar Year 2010. The refunds claimed on these tax returns increased from $68 million to $757 million … To combat this growing problem, the IRS compiles a list of prisoners (Prisoner File) from... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2012
Document 027182
Families and Reentry: Unpacking How Social Support Matters
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Denver, Megan; Rossman, Shelli B.. Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL). Urban Institute. Safer Return Demonstration Project (New York, NY).
Individuals looking for information about how to engage families in an ex-offender’s reentry efforts should read this report. The “goal of the research study was to add to the literature on whether and how family and social support networks are vehicles for practitioners and policymakers to reduce recidivism and lead to better reintegration outcomes” (p. iv). Sections following an executive summary include: introduction—importance of families in the reentry process, Safer Return Demonstration Pr... Read More
PDF
58 pages
2012
Document 026710
Using Administrative Data to Prioritize Jail Reentry Services: Findings from the Comprehensive Transition Planning Project
By Wei, Qing; Parsons, Jim. Vera Institute of Justice. Substance Use and Mental Health Program (New York, NY).
'This research brief on jail reentry services describes part of the Comprehensive Transition Planning Project'a collaborative project between the Substance Use and Mental Health Program at the Vera Institute of Justice and the New York City Department of Correction (DOC) ' [which is] to develop a reliable, low-cost, and easy-to-implement tool jail officials could use to identify people in jail who would benefit most from access to the system's limited discharge planning resources' (p. 1). The to... Read More
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8 pages
2012
Document 026714
Can a Faith-Based Prison Reduce Recidivism
By Johnson, Byron R..
The use of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI) in Texas prisons is evaluated. This program appears to be a promising strategy for promoting prosocial behavior. 'IFI is a Christ-centered, Bible-based prison program that supports and encourages inmates through a process of spiritual and moral transformation, which begins while they are incarcerated and continues after release' (p. 61). The program has three phases: two while in prison lasting 16-24 months and an aftercare phase of 6 to 12 mon... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2012
Document 026714
Can a Faith-Based Prison Reduce Recidivism
By Johnson, Byron R..
The use of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI) in Texas prisons is evaluated. This program appears to be a promising strategy for promoting prosocial behavior. 'IFI is a Christ-centered, Bible-based prison program that supports and encourages inmates through a process of spiritual and moral transformation, which begins while they are incarcerated and continues after release' (p. 61). The program has three phases: two while in prison lasting 16-24 months and an aftercare phase of 6 to 12 mon... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2012
Document 026714
Can a Faith-Based Prison Reduce Recidivism
By Johnson, Byron R..
The use of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI) in Texas prisons is evaluated. This program appears to be a promising strategy for promoting prosocial behavior. 'IFI is a Christ-centered, Bible-based prison program that supports and encourages inmates through a process of spiritual and moral transformation, which begins while they are incarcerated and continues after release' (p. 61). The program has three phases: two while in prison lasting 16-24 months and an aftercare phase of 6 to 12 mon... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2012
Document 026846
Policy Brief: Restoration of Pell Grant Eligibility
Education from the Inside Out (New York, NY); Fortune Society. David Rothenberg Center for Public Policy (Long Island City, NY); College and Community Fellowship (New York, NY).
This brief explains why the “Education from the Inside Out Coalition backs legislation to eliminate the 1994 ban on Pell Grant eligibility on incarcerated persons and re-establish the opportunity for otherwise eligible people in prison to obtain college aid through Pell Grants for postsecondary education programs. The proposal would not change current law that prohibits civilly-confined sex offenders from receiving any federal student aid” (p. 1). Advocacy efforts along these lines are based on ... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2012
Document 026690
State Reforms Reducing Collateral Consequences for People with Criminal Records: 2011-2012 Legislative Round-Up
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); Crossroad Bible Instate (Grandville, MI); National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY); National H.I.R.E. Network (New York, NY); The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
'Collateral consequences are the additional penalties tied to a conviction that greatly impact an individual's capacity to engage politically, economically and socially upon their reentry to society. These consequences include barriers to housing, education, and employment, felony disenfranchisement, and ineligibility for public benefits. Collateral consequences are distinct from direct consequences of convictions in that they are not factored into the calculation of punishment or sentencing, an... Read More
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20 pages
2012
Document 026715
Faith Based Programs for Offender Reentry-US Department of Justice-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Schneeberg, Eugene. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
'The program interviews Eugene Schneeberg Director, Center for Faith-based & Neighborhood Partnerships at the U.S. Department of Justice. The Center's goal is to strengthen and expand partnerships with faith and community-based organizations throughout the country and provide critical support to people in need. The office serves as a bridge between local and national non-profit organizations and the Department of Justice. They seek to connect faith and community-based organizations with relevant... Read More
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2012
Document 026715
Faith Based Programs for Offender Reentry-US Department of Justice-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Schneeberg, Eugene. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
'The program interviews Eugene Schneeberg Director, Center for Faith-based & Neighborhood Partnerships at the U.S. Department of Justice. The Center's goal is to strengthen and expand partnerships with faith and community-based organizations throughout the country and provide critical support to people in need. The office serves as a bridge between local and national non-profit organizations and the Department of Justice. They seek to connect faith and community-based organizations with relevant... Read More
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2012
Document 026716
Technology in Corrections-Corrections Technology Center of Excellence-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Russo, Joe. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
"The program interviews Joe Russo, Director, Corrections Technology Center of Excellence, funded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. Joe addresses the use of GPS tracking of offenders, methods to search computers owned by offenders and additional corrections and law enforcement technology under development by the center."... Read More
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2012
Document 026716
Technology in Corrections-Corrections Technology Center of Excellence-DC Public Safety Radio
By Sipes, Leonard; Russo, Joe. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC).
"The program interviews Joe Russo, Director, Corrections Technology Center of Excellence, funded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. Joe addresses the use of GPS tracking of offenders, methods to search computers owned by offenders and additional corrections and law enforcement technology under development by the center."... Read More
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2012
Document 026491
Supportive Housing for Returning Prisoners: Outcomes and Impacts of the Returning Home-Ohio Pilot Project
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Roman, John; Taxy, Samuel; Roman, Caterina. Ohio Dept of Rehabilitation and Correction (Columbus, OH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) (Rockville, MD). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“The Returning Home—Ohio (RHO) pilot program is an innovative reentry program intended to link prisoners with disabilities who have a history or risk of housing instability to supportive housing as they are released to the community. The program, funded largely by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction (ODRC), is based on evidence showing that the provision of supportive housing to individuals with homelessness and mental health histories reduces their use of and costs to the corre... Read More
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62 pages
2012
Document 026515
Learning From People Who Succeed Upon Release: Strategies, Approaches and Tools That Can Make a Difference
By Gnall, Kathleen. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Joyce Foundation (Chicago, IL); Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD); Open Society Institute-New York (New York, NY). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
“Suggestions for adopting organizational strategies [for offender reentry programs] informed by evaluation findings, practitioners, and those who have transitioned successfully” (p. 5). Topics discussed during this presentation include: reasons to be optimistic regarding the criminal justice system; what we can do better and we are committed to doing so; an expert’s viewpoint; moving forward; context for change; selection of successful strategies; what we are asking of the offender; individual c... Read More
PDF
39 pages
2012
Document 026817
Family Integrated Transitions: A Promising Program for Juvenile Offenders with Co-Occurring Disorders
By Trupin, Eric J.; Kerns, Suzanne E. U.; Walker, Sarah Cusworth; DeRobertis, Megan T.; Stewart, David G..
The influence of the Family Integrated Transitions (FIT) program on the reduction of juvenile recidivism is investigated. FIT is a family-based intervention reentry program used with youth having co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders. It assists these youth as they transition from incarceration back into their homes. Results are reported for overall recidivism, felony recidivism, and violent felony and misdemeanor recidivism. “Participation in FIT was associated with a 30% red... Read More
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16 pages
2012
Document 026527
Improving Access to Services for Female Offenders Returning to the Community
By Garcia, Marie; Ritter, Nancy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
This 'evaluation of re-entry services for female offenders shows that increasing access can lead to modest improvements in key areas' (p. 1). Topics discussed include: the use of SVORI (Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative) to gauge the need of female offenders re-entering communities; outcomes for SVORI women and non-SVORI women such as employment and substance use; implications for policy and practice'provision and delivery of post-release services; and where to go from here.... Read More
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5 pages
2012
Document 026912
Case Management Strategies for Successful Jail Reentry
By Warwick, Kevin; Dodd, Hannah; Neusteter, S. Rebecca. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This brief explains why “it is imperative that jurisdictions use an effective case management process that includes a strong community handoff component, particularly at the moment of release, and that ensures continuity of care between in-jail and community-based programs and services … [and] presents the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative’s approach to case planning and community handoff” (p. 1). Sections of this publication cover: the TJC initiative and model--a triage approac... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2012
Document 026911
The Role of Screening and Assessment in Jail Reentry
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“Consistent with effective correctional practice, jails and their community partners should identify risk levels and criminogenic needs of returning [offender] populations and should focus their resources on individuals with the highest levels of both … This brief presents the two-stage screening and assessment process to determine risk and needs levels that is a core element of the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) model” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: the TJC initiative; r... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
Document 026911
The Role of Screening and Assessment in Jail Reentry
By Christensen, Gary; Jannetta, Jesse; Willison, Janeen Buck. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); NIC-11TO02GKH6. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“Consistent with effective correctional practice, jails and their community partners should identify risk levels and criminogenic needs of returning [offender] populations and should focus their resources on individuals with the highest levels of both … This brief presents the two-stage screening and assessment process to determine risk and needs levels that is a core element of the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) model” (p. 1). Sections of this publication include: the TJC initiative; r... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
Document 026925
Process and Systems Change Evaluation Findings from the Transition to Jail Community Initiative
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Jannetta, Jesse; Dodd, Hannah; Neusteter, S. Rebecca; Warwick, Kevin; Greer, Kaitlin; Matthews, Andrea. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“In the past decade, attention to the challenges associated with people exiting state and federal prisons has increased tremendously. This increased attention is for good reason, as the impact of prisoner reentry on the well-being of individuals, families, and communities is well documented. Yet for every person released from prison annually, approximately 12 people exit local jails … NIC [National Institute of Corrections] launched the Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative in 2007 ... Read More
PDF
149 pages
2012
Document 025653
Community Reentry after Prison Drug Treatment: Learning from Sheridan Therapeutic Community Program Participants
By Reichert, Jessica; Ruzich, Dawn; Campbell, Rebecca. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
Results from an evaluation of the Sheridan Correctional Center National Drug Prison and Reentry Program are provided. Agencies would be wise to read this report if they are thinking of creating a similar program or revamping an existing one. Findings are reported for: sample demographics; background prior to Sheridan; experiences at Sheridan; preparation for reentry; experience in the community; relapse; recidivism; and additional comments. Graduates of this program remained (on average) two yea... Read More
PDF
87 pages
2012
Document 025754
The Failure of Correctional Counseling and Reentry
By Downen, Daniel Patrick. corrections.com (Quincy, MA).
The need for effective correctional counseling for offenders who are reentering communities and ways to achieve this are explained. Sections of this article are: retooling our core; intensive case management; professional development; the vocational path; taking it to the streets—not just within the institution; and the final design.... Read More
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3 pages
2012
Document 025992
Frequent Users of Jail and Shelter Systems in the District of Columbia: An Overview of the Potential for Supportive Housing
By Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Fontaine, Jocelyn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
“The Corporation for Supportive Housing [CSH] has launched a number of frequent user initiatives across the country through a model that combines housing with supportive services. The ultimate goal is to break the costly cycle of high system use through the provision of permanent supportive housing to frequent users, thereby increasing housing stability, public health, and public safety” (p. 1). Frequent users are those individuals who make frequent use of public crisis systems. One such CHS tes... Read More
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4 pages
2012
Document 026067
2012 Reentry Skills Building Handbook
Georgia Dept. of Corrections (Forsyth, GA); Georgia State Board of Pardons and Paroles (Atlanta, GA).
While the local services are Georgia based, the bulk of this handbook is contains a wealth of excellent information and resources that will help an ex-offender make a successful transition back into the community. Forms and checklists for the released individual to fill out are spread throughout this guide and make the reentry process less intimidating. Not only giving the ex-offender direction, this handbook can be used by the community corrections practitioner in making sure the reentry proces... Read More
PDF
180 pages
2012
Document 026300
Stopping the Madness: A New Reentry System for Juvenile Corrections
By Sells, Scott; Sullivan, Irene; DeVore, Donald.
If you are looking for a strategy to reduce the increasing rates of juvenile recidivism in your jurisdiction then this article should be on your “Must Read” list. The promising evidence-based reentry model described herein is called Parenting with Love and Limits (PLL). PLL is being utilized in seven states. Sections of this article include: one potential solution—a new reentry operating system utilizing community-level collaboration; summary of reentry delivery system changes; five recommendati... Read More
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5 pages
2012
Document 026373
Lifetime Lockdown: How Isolation Conditions Impact Prisoner Reentry
By Lowen, Matthew; Isaacs, Caroline; Williams, Brackette F.. American Friends Service Committee--Arizona (Tucson, AZ).
The relationship between long-term solitary confinement and prisoner reentry is examined. Sections following an executive summary are: key findings; recommendations; Project Homecoming; defining forms of isolation and lockdown, increased use of solitary. who is held in lockdown; conditions, policies, and practices of isolation; ACLU suit over poor medical and mental health care in Arizona’s prisons; the elimination of rehabilitative programming; the lasting effects of lockdown; life on the outsi... Read More
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44 pages
2012
Document 026378
What Works in Reentry Clearinghouse
Council of State Governments. National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
This website “offers easy access to important research on the effectiveness of a wide variety of reentry programs and practices. It provides a user-friendly, one-stop shop for practitioners and service providers seeking guidance on evidence-based reentry interventions, as well as a useful resource for researchers and others interested in reentry.” The current browsable focus areas are brand name programs, employment, housing, and mental health. Program intervention is described along with a summ... Read More
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2012
Document 026357
Exploring the Role of the Police in Prisoner Reentry
By Travis, Jeremy; Davis, Ronald; Lawrence, Sarah. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Harvard Kennedy School. Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management (Cambridge, MA); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“This paper is organized around two key elements. The first sets forth the basic parameters of the present-day reentry phenomenon in America, with a particular focus on two dimensions that intersect with the work of urban police departments: high recidivism rates and the concentration of returning prisoners in a few neighborhoods. The second explores two rationales for police involvement in prisoner reentry efforts: the promotion of public safety and the promotion of the legitimacy of the police... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2012
Document 026076
Prisoner Reentry Services: What Worked for SVORI Evaluation Participants?
By Lattimore, Pamela K.; Barrick, Kelle; Cowell, Alexander; Dawes, Debbie; Steffey, Danielle; Tueller, Stephen; Visher, Christy A.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
Results from the second evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI), a large multi-site collection of state and local programs are presented. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction; current study—data and methods; subject characteristics; results for adult males and for adult females according to housing, employment, victimization, compliance with supervision requirements, drug use, recidivism, summary and discussion; results for juvenile m... Read More
PDF
560 pages
2012
Document 026094
What Works in Reentry Clearinghouse
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
This website “offers easy access to important research on the effectiveness of a wide variety of reentry programs and practices. It provides a user-friendly, one-stop shop for practitioners and service providers seeking guidance on evidence-based reentry interventions, as well as a useful resource for researchers and others interested in reentry.” Focus areas include brand name programs, employment, housing, and mental health. Other focus areas coming soon, so you want to keep checking back. Oth... Read More
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2012
Document 026120
Housing as a Platform for Formerly Incarcerated Persons
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Biess, Jennifer. Urban Institute. What Works Collaborative (Washington, DC).
People who deal with offender reentry should read this. “Against the backdrop of the reentry challenges, this paper discusses how housing can be a platform or pathway toward more successful reentry and reintegration for formerly incarcerated persons. While housing for formerly incarcerated persons is a source of necessary shelter and residential stability, it can also serve as the literal and figurative foundation for successful reentry and reintegration for released adults” (p. 1). Sections of ... Read More
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23 pages
2012
Document 026315
An Outcome Evaluation of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative
Minnesota Dept. of Corrections (St. Paul, MN).
Results from an outcome evaluation of the faith-based prisoner reentry program InnerChange Freedom Initiative are reviewed. Not only is the risk of participants recidivating significantly reduced (reoffending by 26%, reconviction by 35%, and new offence reincarceration by 40%), the program is also very cost-effective. “The findings suggest that faith-based correctional programs can work, but only if they apply what is known about effective correctional programming” (p. 3).... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2012
Document 026286
Offender Reentry: An Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“Each year, more than 700,000 individuals are released from state and federal prisons. Another 9 million cycle through local jails. When reentry fails, the costs—both societal and economic—are high … Because reentry intersects with issues of health and housing, education and employment, family, faith, and community well-being, many federal agencies are focusing on the reentry population with initiatives that aim to improve outcomes in each of these areas” (p. 3). This annotated bibliography addr... Read More
PDF
55 pages
2012
Document 026037
Spotlight on Reentry
George Mason University. Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE) (Fairfax, VA).
This edition looks at the ongoing work of the Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE) related to prisoner reentry. Articles in this issue include: “An Introduction by ACE Director Fay S. Taxman”; “EMTAP: Evidence Mapping to Advance Justice Practice” by Jennifer Lerch; “Corrections Officers’ Role in Reentry” by Lerch; “Mental Health Issues in Reentry” by Carolyn Watson; “Probation & Parole: Uncovering What Works with Still a lot to Learn!” by Danielle S. Rudes; “Hearing from the Expert... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 028300
A Re-Entry Roadmap for Veterans Incarcerated in Virginia: Re-entry Manual
By Mead, Martha Johnson, editor; Atkins, Anne Clark, editor. U. S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs. Health Care for Re-entry Veterans (HCRV) (Washington, DC); U. S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs. Veterans Justice Outreach (VJO) Program (Washington, DC); Virginia Dept. of Veterans Services. Virginia Wounded Warrior Program (Richmond, VA); Virginia Dept. of Corrections (Richmond, VA).
While designed specifically for veterans returning to the community after incarceration, this manual is a good example for other states developing or revising their own veteran re-entry manuals. Sections cover: VA benefits during incarceration; getting started—Virginia Community Re-entry Initiative, Virginia department of Veterans Services, Virginia Wounded Warrior Program, healthcare, employment, financial assistance, legal assistance, women veterans, and additional services; resources availabl... Read More
PDF
57 pages
2012
Document 027319
Improving the Carceral Conditions of Federal Immigrant Detainees
By Martin, Matthew J. .
The need to classify nonfederal facilities as government agents accountable under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) is explained. The following three sections make up this Note: recent trends in federal immigrant detention—detention in nonfederal prisons, and widespread abuse and neglect of federal immigrant detainees; legislative and executive intervention—motivated attributional biases concerning unpopular groups, and political power; and judicial remedies—suing nonfederal prisons, and suing ... Read More
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22 pages
2012
Document 026895
A Reentry Education Model: Supporting Education and Career Advancement for Low-Skill Individuals In Corrections
By Tolbert, Michelle. U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Vocational and Adult Education (Washington, DC). MPR Associates, Inc. (Berkeley, CA).
This report describes the “development of a correctional education reentry model illustrating an education continuum to bridge the gap between prison and community-based education and training programs. The goal of this model is to en­sure that offenders can gain the knowledge and skills needed to obtain long-term, living-wage employment, and transition successfully out of the corrections sys­tem. It is based on a review of research studies and feedback from a panel of ex­perts, including practi... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2011
Document 027660
Fact Sheet – Corrections Safety
Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) (Hagerstown, MD).
This fact sheet explains how safe it is to work in correctional facilities. Findings from research are presented about: the progressing levels of safety in U.S. jails and prisons; riots; staff homicides and escapes; assaults; sexual assaults; the likelihood of experiencing assault or sexual assault in correctional facilities versus the community-at-large; and the number of inmates in protective custody, and administrative segregation; and percentages of inmates at correctional security levels in... Read More
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7 pages
2011
Document 027348
What Works in Corrections: Reducing the Criminal Activities of Offenders and Delinquents
By MacKenzie, Doris Layton. Pennsylvania State University. Justice Center for Research (University Park, PA).
These presentation slides explain the use evidence-based assessment in correctional settings. Topics discussed include: corrections in the United States; methods for determining what works—the Maryland Crime Prevention Report, and meta-analyses; effective programs; theory of cognitive transformation; implication for reentry programs; future needs; and new developments in evidence-based policy.... Read More
PDF
48 pages
2011
Document 028301
Reentry Survival Manual
Lafayette Parish Sheriff's Office (Lafayette, LA).
While each chapter lists the various organizations that will assist ex-offenders in Lafayette Parish, other correctional agencies will find the in depth explanations of what issues impact the chapter's topic very useful for their efforts to develop or update their own reentry guides. "This Reentry Survival Manual was created to strengthen your skills and help you overcome any barriers that you may face as you return to the community. The Lafayette Parish Sheriff‘s office is dedicated to supporti... Read More
PDF
117 pages
2011
Document 026042
Evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The final reports of an evaluation regarding the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) can be found at this website. These are: “The Multi-Site Evaluation of SVORI: Summary and Synthesis”; “Prisoner Reentry Experiences of Adult Males: Characteristics, Service Receipt, and Outcomes of Participants in the SVORI Multi-Site Evaluation”; “Prisoner Reentry Experiences of Adult Females: Characteristics, Service Receipt, and Outcomes of Participants in the SVORI Multi-Site Evaluation”;... Read More
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2011
Document 026449
But Some of Them Don’t Come Back (To Prison!): Determinants of Parolee Success
By Zajac, Gary. Pennsylvania State University. Justice Center for Research (State College, PA).
Purpose of this presentation is: “To explore the types of events that were happening in inmates’ lives while out on parole that may have contributed to their eventual failure on parole and return to prison; To explore psychological and experiential antecedents of recidivism (i.e., acute dynamic risk factors); To inform the design of more effective programs and treatment services for inmates; To better prepare offenders for the types of issues that might present obstacles to their successful reen... Read More
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38 pages
2011
Document 026396
Enhancing Supervision and Support for Released Prisoners: A Documentation and Evaluation of the Community Supervision Mapping System
By Lucht, Jim; La Vigne, Nancy G.; Denver, Megan. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Providence Plan (ProvPlan) (Providence, RI); Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
The “Community Supervision Mapping System (CSMS), an online tool that enables users to map the formerly incarcerated and others on probation, along with related data such as service provider locations and police districts” is described (p. v). Agencies looking to design and implement such a system should read this article. It will provide you with valuable information for getting your project off the ground. Sections of this report following an executive summary include: introduction; concept an... Read More
PDF
121 pages
2011
Document 026397
Understanding the Public Health Implications of Prisoner Reentry in California: State-of-the-State Report
By Davis, Lois M.; Williams, Malcolm V.; Derose, Kathryn Pitkin; Steinberg, Paul; Nicosia, Nancy; Overton, Adrian; Miyashiro, Lisa; Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry; Williams, Eugene, III. California Endowment (Los Angeles, CA). RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE). Safety and Justice Program (Santa Monica, CA); RAND Health. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Program (HPDP) (Santa Monica, CA).
“In particular, RAND examines the public health issues surrounding prisoner reentry in California, the type of health care needs ex-offenders bring with them, which communities are disproportionately affected, and the health care system capacity of the communities to which ex-offenders return. The research team also examined in depth the experiences of returning prisoners in seeking care and the role that health plays in their efforts to reintegrate into the community and rejoin their families; ... Read More
WEB
252 pages
2011
Document 026437
Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission Youth Reentry Improvement Report
Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission (Chicago, IL).
Findings and recommendations for improving the juvenile reentry system in Illinois in order to ensure “safe communities, positive outcomes for our youth, and responsible use of public resources” (p. 9). The proffered strategies for addressing challenges in Illinois’ system may help other agencies in addressing short comings in their own juvenile reentry programs. Sections following an executive summary include: methodology; indeterminate sentencing and release decision-making—the current process... Read More
PDF
80 pages
2011
Document 026040
Re-entry: Dynamic Risk Assessment
By Morgan, Robert D.; Kroner, Daryl G.; Mills, Jeremy F.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
This study aims to examine the dynamic predictors of post-release outcomes for parolees reentering the community. Sections of this report following an abstract are: executive summary; technical report—introduction, methods, and results; and conclusions. “Most notably, in this study changes in offenders dynamic functioning was not associated with changes in community outcomes. That is, measuring change in offenders functioning using rated measures did not increase our ability to predict community... Read More
PDF
129 pages
2011
Document 025718
State Leaders' National Forum on Reentry and Recidivism
Council of State Governments.Justice Center (New York, NY); Association of State Correctional Administrators (Hagerstown, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC).
Access to the agenda, presentation slides, and video segments from the State Leaders' National Forum on Reentry and Recidivism is provided at this website. Those individuals tasked with reducing the recidivism of released inmates' will want to pay a visit here. "Drawing on lessons learned from reentry policies, programs, and research, [this forum] aimed to position states to leave the event with the outlines of a plan that had the following elements: set specific goals that include concrete redu... Read More
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2011
Document 025837
Reentry Programs for Students with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: Four State Approaches
By Muller, Eve. U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) (Washington, DC). Project Forum; National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) (Alexandria, VA).
“ Evidence strongly supports the notion that juvenile offenders, both with and without disabilities, are significantly more likely to experience successful reentry into their home schools and communities if appropriate programs and supports are in place” (p. 1). Strategies for effectively meeting the reentry needs of disabled justice-involved youth are described. Sections of this analysis include: overview and background—what reentry is, federal efforts to support successful reentry, prevalence ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2011
Document 024963
Increasing Access to Health Insurance Coverage for Pre-Trial Detainees and Individuals Transitioning from Correctional Facilities Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
By Blair, Patricia; Greifinger, Robert; Stone, T. Howard; Somers, Sarah. American Bar Association. Criminal Justice Section (Chicago, IL); Community Oriented Correctional Health Services (COCHS) (Oakland, CA).
Issues surrounding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) “provisions governing individual insurance coverage and subsidies and how they apply to incarcerated persons” are discussed (p.1). It is important to be aware of these especially when dealing with increasing health care costs. Sections of this publication include: perspective; introduction; prisoners and detainees; the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; health benefit exchanges; practical issues; Medicaid and the ... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2011
Document 024914
The Greening of Corrections: Creating a Sustainable System
By Feldbaum, Mindy; Greene, Frank; Kirschenbaum, Sarah; Mukamal, Debbie; Welsh, Megan; Pinderhughes, Raquel. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). AED. National Institute for Work and Learning (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
What are viable strategies for cutting costs while protecting the public’s safety? Corrections can achieve some substantial cost savings in sustainability or greening strategies. This publication “provides correctional professionals with a framework to gain a general understanding of sustainability practices and principles and to identify examples of operations, programs, and management strategies for self-sustaining facilities” (p. ii). Sections of this publication include: introduction; greeni... Read More
PDF
76 pages
2011
Document 025031
Reentry Myth Busters
Federal Interagency Reentry Council (Washington, DC).
Myth Busters are a series of "fact sheets intended to clarify existing federal policies that affect formerly incarcerated individuals and their families.” Topics covered are: formalized processes for reducing child support orders during incarceration; social security benefit reinstatement; exceptions to termination of parental rights while incarcerated; the Federal Bonding Program (FBP); Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and welfare bans; federal student financial aid; Supplemental ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2011
Document 025081
Reentry Courts: Looking Ahead: A Conversation about Strategies for Offender Reintegration
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Anyone interested in reentry courts will find this report’s insights informative. Topics discussed include current research, key program elements, eligibility requirements, managing the transition from prison to reentry court, evidence-based practices, adapting the drug court model, developing support for reentry initiatives, statewide coordination of reentry courts, overcoming institutional divisions, funding, and composition of the reentry court team.... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2011
Document 025097
Corrections & Reentry
crimesolutions.gov (Washington, DC).
You should go to this website first if you are looking for “[r]esearch on program effectiveness reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers [with] [e]asily understandable ratings based on whether a program achieves its goals.” Programs in the corrections and reentry field are divided into all, community corrections, inmate programs and treatment, recidivism, and reentry and release. In addition to corrections and reentry, the other broad topical areas are courts, crime and crime prevention, drugs and... Read More
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2011
Document 025238
From Risks to Assets: Toward a Strengths-Based Approach to Juvenile Reentry into the Community
By Page, Joshua; Schaefer, Shelly. Center for Urban and Regional Affairs (Minneapolis, MN).
Strategies for making juvenile reentry more effective are described. Such information is vital if a juvenile agency is trying to reform itself into a successful organization. Sections of this article include: probation officer and probationer—a pivotal relationship for the juvenile offender’s transition into the community; risk/needs-based versus strengths-based approach; research methodology; case studies; and discussion. A strengths-based approach focuses on juveniles’ strengths or assets, pro... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2011
Document 025224
National Criminal Justice Initiatives Map
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
Information about various reentry programs is provided via an interactive map of the United States. “The map, though not exhaustive, will seek to provide a place-based catalog of national initiatives and programs designed to reduce the recidivism rates of people returning from prison, jail, and juvenile facilities.”... Read More
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2011
Document 025225
Reentry Into Society
National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) reentry efforts are highlighted on this website. This website begins with an overview of prisoner reentry, a discussion of the need for coordinated reentry services, and a brief look at the NIJ’s reentry research portfolio. Additional links on the site are: evaluation of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI); evaluation of Second Chance Act Demonstration Projects; research on reentry and employment; publications on reentry, parole, and pr... Read More
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2011
Document 025167
‘A Courtroom Unlike Any Other’: Santa Clara County’s Parolee Reentry Court is a Case Study in Reducing Prison Recidivism
By Korber, Dorothy. California. Senate. Office of Oversight and Outcomes (Sacramento, CA).
This report highlights the Parolee Reentry Court in Santa Clara County, California. It looks at the makeup of the Court and provides observations from its integrated team of judge, parole agents, probation officers, public defender, prosecutor, and psychologists. It also presents a perspective from a parolee, the proposal for the Court, and views from other counties. A table of California counties with collaborative justice courts is also included.... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2011
Document 026675
Impact of Family-Inclusive Case Management on Reentry Outcomes: Interim Report on the Safer Return Demonstration Evaluation
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas; Denver, Megan. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
Lessons learned from this interim report of the Safer Return Demonstration, a comprehensive, community-based prisoner reentry model, can be applied to efforts in creating and implementing your own family-inclusive reentry program. The process and outcome evaluation 'will examine the extent to which the demonstration is meeting its intended goals. The majority of the report is focused on describing the logic of the family-inclusive case management model' (p. 1). This publication is divided into f... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2011
Document 026696
Juvenile Probation Officers: How the Perception of Roles Affects Training Experiences for Evidence-Based Practice Implementation
By Rudes, Danielle S.; Viglione, Jill; Taxman, Faye S..
The impact on probation officers (POs) when they implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) is examined. This article contains these sections: literature review for probation officer roles and interaction between PO roles and training; method; findings regarding PO roles, view of training, and perception of probationers, and type of training; and discussion. 'In summary, findings revealed that role orientation and perceptions of training or probationers are not directly related. In addition, anal... Read More
WEB
8 pages
2011
Document 026697
Probation Review Guidebook
By Wig, Janet K.; Tuell, John A.. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Robert F. Kennedy Children Action Corps (Boston, MA); Models for Change (Washington, DC).
'A probation review is an exciting opportunity for the principals involved in the management and day-to-day operation of a probation department to assess how they are doing in relation to their goals and objectives. It is an opportunity to enhance practice by making sure that policies and procedures, corresponding training, departmental management, and supervision of probationers are all lined up to reflect best practices' (p. 5). This publication provides guidance for conducting a probation rev... Read More
PDF
44 pages
2011
Document 026533
Beyond Going Home: From Reentry to Reintegration: Leaving Prison is Easy. Reintegration Is the Challenge.
By Rothwell, Isaac; VanBuren, Jeff. Prisoner's Legal Services of New York (Albany, NY).
This article provides excellent advice for individuals recently released from incarceration on how to successfully become a part of their communities. Tips for effective reintegration are: work to establish a positive relationship with your parole officer; establish positive connections in the community; meet the challenge of obtaining employment; get involved in positive community activities; and accept the fact that things out there are not how you remember them.... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2011
Document 026852
Manual for the Guidance of Inmates: 2011 Edition
New Hampshire Dept. of Corrections (Concord, NH).
“This manual has been designed to help you [the inmate] understand what is required of you during your stay at a New Hampshire Department of Corrections (NH DOC) facility. This manual contains information essential to your well being and should be studied carefully” (p. 1). It is divided into seven parts: getting started--quarantine, classification, and restitution; settling in—counts, inmate appearance, opportunities, living areas, communication with staff, problem solving steps, personal and s... Read More
PDF
74 pages
2011
Document 024845
The Elected Official’s Toolkit for Jail Reentry
By Jannetta, Jesse; Dodd, Hannah; Elderbroom, Brian. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
Those individuals involved in creating a jail reentry program will find this publication very useful. Information about various issues related to jail reentry is provided on single topic handouts. These handouts are divided into two sections--fact sheets regarding jail reentry and its key components and tools and resources for implementing or expanding a jail reentry initiative. Topics covered are: jail reentry overview; jails and the jail population; the jail-to-community continuum; stakeholder... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2011
Document 024918
National Reentry Resource Center Frequently Asked Questions
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
Answers for frequently asked questions about housing, employment, and education are provided on this website.... Read More
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4 pages
2011
Document 024941
Employment Information Handbook
U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
This handbook “provides prisoners with contacts and other information that can help them to prepare for release” (p. 2). Sections contained in this guide are: purpose; what to do to prepare for release; employers who hire ex-offenders; federal programs to help ex-offenders; state and federal jobs for ex-offenders; loans and grants; programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor; other programs not directly related to employment; how to get a birth certificate; state contacts for vital docume... Read More
PDF
54 pages
2011
Document 025304
Employing Your Mission: Building Cultural Competence in Reentry Service Agencies Through the Hiring of Individuals Who Are Formerly Incarcerated and/or in Recovery
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Fortune Society (Long Island City, NY); City University of New York. John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (New York, NY); Columbia University. Teachers College. International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution (ICCCR) (New York, NY).
This publication will be useful to those individuals wanting to make their reentry services more effective. The building of cultural competence “within reentry services by hiring formerly incarcerated men and women to reflect the experiences and realities of the reentry population and provide services more effectively” is explained (p. 1). Cultural competence is a set of practices that work to make an organization more successful in cross-cultural conditions. Four sections in addition to a summa... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2011
Document 025305
In Our Backyard: Overcoming Community Resistance To Reentry Housing (A NIMBY Toolkit)
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Fortune Society (Long Island City, NY); City University of New York. John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (New York, NY); Columbia University. Teachers College. International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution (ICCCR) (New York, NY).
The development of a housing project in West Harlem for formerly incarcerated people is described. Organizations trying to find ways to house recently released inmates in the community should read this publication. Sections of this toolkit in addition to a summary include: the reentry crisis; a case study of the Fortune Academy project; what the Fortune Academy story tells us; and best practices for gaining community support—applying lessons learned to your organization.... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2011
Document 025306
Promoting Partnerships between Police and Community Supervision Agencies: How Coordination Can Reduce Crime and Improve Public Safety
By Jannetta, Jesse; Lachman, Pamela. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) (Washington, DC).
The key role a partnership between local law enforcement and community supervision agencies plays in offender reentry is explained. Individuals seeking to reduce recidivism and ensure public safety should read this guide. Sections of this publication include: partnership benefits; partnership contributions; key partnership elements—intelligence and information sharing, case planning and supporting behavior change, problem-solving approaches, emphasis on special populations, and focused deterren... Read More
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64 pages
2011
Document 025359
Prisoner Reentry and the Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act
By Periman, Deborah. University of Alaska Anchorage. Justice Center (Anchorage, AK).
“The Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act, designed to facilitate offender reentry throughout the United States, is model legislation by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL).” Sections of this article include: background; overview of the collateral consequences problem and the proposed act; operative provision of the 2010 Uniform Act; implications for Alaska; estimated number of adults under correctional supervision in Alaska and the U.S. by correc... Read More
WEB
5 pages
2011
Document 025415
Assessing the Impact of InsideOut Dad™ on Newark Community Education Centers (CEC) Residential Reentry Center Residents
Rutgers University-Newark. School of Public Affairs and Administration. Economic Development Research Group (EDRG) (xxx).
This study seeks to determine “the impact of participation in the InsideOut Dad™ program on participant behavioral, cognitive, attitudinal, and self-efficacy outcomes compared to Newark CEC Residential Reentry Center resident fathers not participating in the program” (p. 10). InsideOut Dad is an evidence-based pre-release program that helps to connect incarcerated fathers with their families while getting them ready for reentry. Sections of this report include: introduction—an overview of patern... Read More
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68 pages
2011
Document 025448
The Path to Successful Reentry: The Relationship Between Correctional Education, Employment and Recidivism
By Cronin, Jake. Univerity of Missouri. Harry S Truman School of Public Affairs. Institute of Public Policy (Columbia, MO).
The ability of education acquired in prison to increase post-incarceration employment rates and lower recidivism rates is examined. Sections of this article include: abstract; introduction; the impact of correctional education in Missouri; education and employment; education and recidivism; employment and recidivism; the pathway to lower recidivism rates; and conclusion. Results “show that inmates who increase their education in prison are more likely to find a full-time job after prison, and th... Read More
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6 pages
2011
Document 025443
Final Technical Report: Neighborhoods, Recidivism, and Employment Among Returning Prisoners
By Morenoff, Jeffrey D.; Harding, David J.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The impact of the community in which an offender resides on that individual’s potential for recidivism and employment is investigated. Sections following an abstract include: executive summary; introduction; research design and data collection; results according to frequency and timing of recidivism, neighborhoods and recidivism, and neighborhoods and employment; and conclusion. It appears that “neighborhood context predicted both the recidivism and labor market outcomes of former prisoners” (p.... Read More
PDF
132 pages
2011
Document 025479
White Paper on Offender Basic Essentials for Reentry in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Haynes, Cora; Smith-Paudel, Pari; Williams, Benjamin M.. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
The need for offenders to receive specific services upon release from incarceration is explained. This White Paper covers: the definition for basic needs for offenders; approximately 650,00 offenders are released from incarceration back into communities; employment is associated with lower recidivism rates; pre-release activities and readiness programs increase job placement and retention; a large percentage of offenders lack basic life skills; the lack of resources to address offender health is... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2011
Document 025574
Facilitating Medicaid Enrollment for People with Serious Mental Illnesses Leaving Jail or Prison: Key Questions for Policymakers Committed to Improving Health and Policy Safety
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (New York, NY).
The access to Medicaid and Supplemental Security Income/Social Security Disability Insurance (SSI/SSDI) that justice-involved people with serious mental illness (SMI) should have is an area of frequent confusion. Answers to questions which “can help policymakers facilitate or strengthen effective collaboration among corrections, health, and mental health agencies to identify and enroll eligible individuals with SMI in these programs” are provided (p. 1). Reasons for why policymakers should care ... Read More
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6 pages
2011
Document 025503
Industry Recognized Certification: A Pathway to Reentry
By MacDonald, Stephen; Nink, Carl. MTC Institute (Centerville, UT).
The use of industry-based certification to increase the likelihood that ex-offenders will succeed in finding jobs is explained. Certification plays a vital role because the “reentry success of inmates requires that they develop skills consistent with industry standards and that they obtain recognized and marketable certification, which employers often use as one important criterion for hiring” (p. 1). Sections compiling this publication are: introduction; need for skilled labor; need for certifi... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2011
Document 025508
White Paper on Offender Reentry and Substance Abuse in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Deason, Chris; Hygrade, Cynthia; Adams, Madeline; Jones, Karen. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
This document provides brief descriptions of various types of substance abuse treatment programs in Missouri. It also discusses: substance abuse affects the majority of U.S. offenders; offenders with substance abuse issues have the highest recidivism rates; they also have very high death rates and mental health challenges; promising practices and access to service; and prison-based treatment centers.... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 025514
Advocacy Toolkits to Combat Legal Barriers Facing Individuals with Criminal Records
Open Society Institute-New York. After Prison Initiative (New York, NY). Legal Action Center (New York, NY).
Strategies for reducing the challenges faced by ex-offenders reentering their communities are explained by this series of Toolkits. Each kit contains sections regarding what the roadblock is, problems associated with it, and ways to change it, what advocates can do, model laws, Action Alerts, sample advocacy letters, (soon to be included) sample editorials for media outreach. Available Toolkits are: Prohibit Inquiries About Arrests That Never Led to Conviction; Standards for Hiring People with C... Read More
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2011
Document 025509
White Paper on Sex Offender Treatment in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Hygrade, Cynthia; Smith, Leland; Spitzer, Jessica; Williams, Benjamin M.. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
This paper covers: the definition of sexual abuse; no such thing as a “typical” sex offender; myths and facts about sex offenders; supervision of sex offenders; the Containment Model and collaboration; and other promising practices and reducing recidivism.... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2011
Document 025506
White Paper on Education, Employment, and the Ex- Offender in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Hall, Clyde; Williams, Benjamin M.. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
Strategies for dealing with the challenges ex-offenders face with employment and education are explained. Topics covered include: ex-offender population and recidivism; people with convictions face significant employment barriers; people with convictions have less educational attainment; and employers do not easily hire formerly incarcerated individuals.... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 025507
White Paper on Offender Reentry and Mental Illness in Missouri Prepared by the St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) 2011
By Deason, Chris; Hygrade, Cynthia; Adams, Madeline; Jones, Karen. St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR) (St. Louis, MO).
Topics covered by this brief include: the incidence of mental illness in prisons; the increasing rate of offenders considered to be mentally ill; classification of mentally ill inmates is based on a mental health screen; 35% of females admitted are mentally ill; significant amounts of states funds spent on prison-based mental health treatment; higher recidivism rate for mentally ill offenders; 75% of mentally ill offenders also have substance abuse issues; mentally ill offenders face unique chal... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 025575
Tell Me More: Does Re-Entry Turn Tax Takers To Tax Payers?
By Martin, Michel; Solis, Hilda; Gaskins, Jennifer. NPR Online (Washington, DC); National Public Radio (Washington, DC).
The relationship between re-entry, employment, and recidivism is discussed by host Michel Martin, Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis, and ex-offender Jennifer Gaskins.... Read More
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5 pages
2010
Document 025619
Enhancing Offender Re-Entry: An Integrated Model for Enhancing Offender Re-Entry
By Serin, Ralph; Llloyd, Caleb D.; Hanby, Laura J..
Sometimes a look at the system from outside sheds new light on elements that can contribute to its success. That is one of the benefits of reading this article. “The purpose of this paper is to critically examine how well the field is positioned to meet proffered expectations for re-entry regarding risk reduction and public safety and to debate whether existing conceptualizations of offender change can adequately inform offender re-entry initiatives” (p. 53). Sections of this publication after ... Read More
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13 pages
2010
Document 024942
Offender Transition Program: Resource Manual
By Ransom, Gary R.; Nicholson, Scott. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC); Federal Correction Institution McKean (Bradford, PA).
Information for inmates making the transition back into the community is provided in this manual. Resources are organized into the following sections: Internet resources; career exploration; general assistance programs; business/consumer education; substance abuse and mental health; and appendixes covering the Department of Labor state level contacts, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Small Business Administration, Service Corp of Retired Executives, and the Federal Reserve ... Read More
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80 pages
2010
Document 024902
Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Confronting Issues of Race and Dignity
By Pinard, Michael.
The impact of the loss of certain rights upon an individual’s release from incarceration is examined. “These consequences include ineligibility for public and government-assisted housing, public benefits, and various forms of employment, as well as civic exclusions such as ineligibility for jury services and disenfranchisement” (p. 459). This article is divided into the following parts: a comparative approach to collateral consequences; collateral consequences in the U.S. and the comparison coun... Read More
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78 pages
2010
Document 024276
Maintaining Programme Integrity: The FOR…A Change Programme and the Resettlement of Ex-Prisoners
By Vanstone, Maurice.
The effectiveness of the offender group program “FOR...A Change” is examined. The main results from this study address: the avoidance of program drift; the avoidance of program reversal; expressing empathy; developing any discrepancy rolling with resistance; supporting self-efficacy; avoiding argument; avoidance of program noncompliance; and organizational commitment. “In general, levels of integrity were high, and the group leaders delivered the programme as intended with enthusiasm and commitm... Read More
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10 p.
2010
Document 024283
Exploring Inmate Reentry in a Local Jail Setting: Implications for Outreach, Service Use, and Recidivism
By White, Michael D.; Saunders, Jessica; Fisher, Christopher; Mellow, Jeff.
Very little research has involved jail reentry success. This article provides a view of the jail-based RIDE (Rikers Island Discharge Enhancement) reentry program of New York City. Topics discussed include: growing concern over prisoner reentry; key principles of successful programming; and the unique challenges posed by the jail setting. Participants “who stay engaged for at least 90 days of post-release services experience significantly fewer (and slower) returns to jail” (p.1).... Read More
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23 p.
2010
Document 024345
Prisoner Reentry Institute Occasional Series on Reentry Research
John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (New York, NY).
Individuals interested in the latest research about offender reentry will find this website a very valuable addition to their search. A PowerPoint presentation, bibliography, and panelist biographies are provided for a wide range of presentations.... Read More
WEB
5 p.
2010
Document 024350
Do Reentry Courts Reduce Recidivism? Results from the Harlem Parole Reentry Court
By Hamilton, Zachary. Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Those wanting to implement a reentry court in their community can use this report to show how such courts greatly benefit public safety. Six chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; the state of prisoner reentry; the reentry court model; study design and analysis plan; results according to recidivism and reincarceration rates, months to rearrest/revocation, role of duration, and predictors of completion/graduation (prior behavior seems to indicate future behavior); and discussion and ... Read More
PDF
40 p.
2010
Document 024372
A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC); Justice Management Institute (JMI) (Denver, CO); The Carey Group (Silver Spring, MD).
This report is essential reading for individuals wanting to achieve "measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction reoffending" (p.6). Eight sections follow an introduction (a new paradigm for the justice system): underlying premises; the key decision points, decision makers, and stakeholders in the criminal justice system; examining justice system decision making through the lens of harm reduction; the principles underlying the framework; applying evidence-based principles to... Read More
PDF
68 p.
2010
Document 024369
Transition from Jail to Community Online Learning Toolkit
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
This online learning resource is an essential ingredient in the development of programs designed to help offenders reenter the community upon their release from jail. This program contains the following nine modules: getting started; leadership, vision, and organizational culture; collaborative structure and joint ownership; data-driven understanding of local reentry; targeted intervention strategies; screening and assessment; transition plan development; targeted transition interventions; and s... Read More
WEB
2 p.
2010
Document 024381
Services to Incarcerated People and Ex-Offenders
American Library Association. Office for Literacy and Outreach (OLOS) (Chicago, IL).
This website is a must visit for those people who want to help inmates and ex-offenders find the information they need to succeed in their lives. Links are provided to ALA resources, additional resources, and selected websites (according to juvenile, family, and libraries) for library service to incarcerated people. Items include: “OLOS Columns Blog: Stories from the Field, Bibliographies, and Other Items”; “Facts About Prisons and Prisoners”; “Prisoners Re-Entering the Community”; “Books Behind... Read More
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2 p.
2010
Document 024390
Juvenile Reentry in Concept and Practice
By Altschuler, David M.; Bilchik, Shay. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY).
"Continuity of care, overarching case management, appropriate staffing, and cognitive-behavioral intervention are increasingly being recognized as foundational, evidence-based building blocks in the design and operation of juvenile reentry. [This presentation] will address these key components of juvenile reentry and will include discussion of assessing and classifying reoffending risk, needs, and strengths; balancing social control and services; blending sanctions and incentives into a graduate... Read More
PDF
32 p.
2010
Document 024389
Prisoner Reentry Institute (PRI)
John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Prisoner Reentry Institute (New York, NY).
This website will be a valuable resource for those people interested in effectiveness of reentry procedures and practices. Points of entry include: about PRI; current initiatives; occasional series events; publications/resources; contact information; and institute spotlights.... Read More
WEB
1 p.
2010
Document 024426
Reentry Housing Options: The Policymakers' Guide
By Cortes, Katherine; Rogers, Shawn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
This guide is for those people wanting to reduce the recidivism of offenders returning to the community by offering plenty of affordable housing. Sections of this report include: introduction; the unmet demand for affordable housing; reentry housing options charts; three approaches to increasing housing capacity for the reentry population; housing terms; laying the groundwork for increasing reentry housing capacity; greater access; increased housing stock; revitalized neighborhoods; and conclusi... Read More
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29 p.
2010
Document 024448
Life after Prison: Tracking the Experiences of Male Prisoners Returning to Chicago, Cleveland, and Houston
By Visher, Christy; Yahner, Jennifer; La Vigne, Nancy. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
Those interested in the experiences of released offenders will find this study of use in comparing or forecasting what occurs to those incarcerated individuals rejoining the local community. Sections of this brief cover: characteristics of returning prisoners; overview of the reentry experience—programming participation, housing and neighborhoods, family relationships, substance use, and identification, debt, and employment; reoffending and reincarnation; predicting reintegration outcomes; and i... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2010
Document 024464
For Immediate Release: How to Safely Reduce Prison Populations and Support People Returning to Their Communities
Justice Policy Institute (Washington, DC).
Agencies wanting to cut costs by reducing their inmate population need to at this report. This report has sections covering: there is no clear correlation between length of prison stay and rates of recidivism; parole can be used to safely reduce prison populations; improving parole supervision practices will reduce the number of people returned to prison; people need support after release to be successful in the community; states are already using innovative methods to reduce their prison popula... Read More
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10 p.
2010
Document 024475
Hearing on: Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Barriers to Reentry for the Formerly Incarcerated
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security (Washington, DC).
The challenges ex-offenders face upon their reentry into their neighborhoods are examined. This website provides access to a video of the hearing and printed testimony from the witnesses. Anyone working with released prisoners or advocating on their behalf should watch this hearing and read these testimonies.... Read More
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1 p.
2010
Document 024516
Between the Lines: A Question & Answer Guide on Legal Issues in Supportive Housing: 2010 National Edition
Goldfarb and Lipman (Oakland, CA); Corporation for Supportive Housing (Oakland, CA).
Individuals assisting ex-offenders in finding housing should be familiar with this publication. Chapters include: why read this guide; legal overview—how the law is organized and fair housing laws; serving designated populations—introduction, reserving housing for people with disabilities, economic discrimination, projects serving homeless people, and discrimination based on source of income, and restricting housing to other groups; selection of individual tenants—screening and intake and reason... Read More
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197 p.
2010
Document 024575
Ready for Reentry: Successful Reintegration into the Community after Incarceration
Allegheny County Jail Collaborative (Pittsburgh, PA).
This brochure provides an overview of the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative and its efforts to help inmates make a successful reentry into the community. Topics discussed include: why reentry makes sense: inspired by success; getting life back on track; the creation and progress of the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative; adding families to the reentry equation; and late night release reform. Allegheny County saves $6 for every 1$ given to the Collaborative.... Read More
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4 p.
2010
Document 024393
TPC Case Management Handbook: An Integrated Case Management Approach
By Burke, Peggy; Herman, Paul; Stroker, Richard; Giguere, Rachelle. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This handbook is designed for teams of correctional and noncorrectional staff at the policy, management, and line staff levels who have been charged with implementing improvements in supervision and case management that support an overall strategy to reduce recidivism and enhance community safety through successful offender reentry” (p.1). Seven chapters are contained in this publication: an overview of the Integrated Case Management (ICM) approach; the critical challenges and strengths of the ... Read More
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143 p.
2010
Document 024581
Office of Justice Programs’ Management of Its Offender Reentry Initiatives
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of the Inspector General. Audit Division (Washington, DC).
Results from an evaluation of the Office of Justice Programs’ (OJP’s) two major offender reentry initiatives are presented and analyzed. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; findings and recommendations regarding the administration and management of OJP’s offender reentry programs and design of OJP’s offender reentry grant programs; Statement of Compliance with Laws and Regulations; and Statement on Internal Controls. Appendixes also provide a response from the OJP and the ... Read More
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67 p.
2010
Document 024568
Evaluation of the Ridge House Residential Program: Final Report
By Willison, Janeen Buck; Roman, Caterina Gouvis; Wolff, Ashley; Correa, Vanessa; Knight, Carly R.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, D). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of the Ridge House program to reduce recidivism is examined. Ridge House is a “spiritually-based, short-term transitional housing program that provides substance abuse treatment and employability training to parolees in need of support and services as they transition from state prison to the Reno (NV) community” (p.iii). Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; Ridge House program; evaluation design and methods; impact analysis and findings; a... Read More
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92 p.
2010
Document 024631
System Change Accomplishments of the Corporation for Supportive Housing’s Returning Home Initiative
By Fontaine, Jocelyn; Roman, Caterina Gouvis; Burt, Martha. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
Individuals looking to establish a supportive program for housing people being released from prison will find the challenges and successes of the Returning Home Initiative useful in formulating their own strategies. Sections of this report include an introduction; the Returning Home Initiative (RHI) as a system change agent; characterizing system change; the RHI site overview for New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago; RHI activities across the country; challenges; lessons learned at the policy... Read More
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20 p.
2010
Document 024622
Cities Pave the Way: Promising Reentry Policies that Promote Local Hiring of People with Criminal Records
By Emsellem, Maurice; Neighly, Madeline. National League of Cities. Institute for Youth, Education and Families (Washington, DC); National Employment Law Project (NELP) (New York, NY).
Individuals involved with helping ex-offenders find employment after their release from incarceration will find this guide very interesting. It “assembles the most promising local policies that promote the hiring of people with criminal records” (p.1). Seven parts are contained in this publication: introduction; the basics, the city hiring process; three steps to a model city hiring policy; leverage development funds to target jobs for people with criminal records; expanding bid incentive progra... Read More
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12 p.
2010
Document 024645
Establishing and Maintaining Medicaid Eligibility upon Release from Public Institutions
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD). Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. (Princeton, NJ); U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (Rockville, MD).
Individuals involved in acquiring Medicaid benefits for mentally ill ex-offenders returning to the community will find the lessons learned from this study helpful. The development and implementation of “a model program to ensure that eligible individuals with mental illness were enrolled in Medicaid at discharge from state institutions” was evaluated (p.1). Five sections follow an executive summary: introduction; barriers to ensuring Medicaid eligibility for adults leaving state institutions; in... Read More
PDF
78 p.
2010
Document 024702
Partnering with Jails to Improve Reentry: A Guidebook for Community-Based Organizations
By Crayton, Anna; Ressler, Liz; Mukamal, Debbie A.; Jannetta, Jesse; Warwick, Kevin. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
Anyone looking to create a partnership between a community-based organization (CBO) and a jail reentry program will find this publication very helpful. This guidebook is divided into these sections: introduction; understanding the big picture, incarceration and jail reentry; developing and sustaining a partnership with the local jail; working with the jail population and in the jail environment; examples of strong partnerships between CBOs and jails; resources for the field; and conclusion. Appe... Read More
PDF
64 pages
2010
Document 024691
Justice Atlas of Sentencing and Corrections
Justice Mapping Center (Brooklyn, NY).
“The Justice Atlas is a corrections data driven, interactive mapping tool ... [It] is distinct from crime mapping in that it maps the residential patterns of populations who are admitted to prison and who return to their communities from prison each year; as well as those who are on parole or probation on any typical day.” Statistics are provided per state (if given) for admissions rate, count, and expenditure, releases rate, count, and expenditure, parole rate and count, and probation rate and ... Read More
WEB
1 page
2010
Document 024741
In For a Penny: The Rise of America's New Debtors' Prisons
American Civil Liberties Union Foundation (New York, NY).
“This ACLU report presents the results of a yearlong investigation into modern-day "debtors' prisons," and shows that poor defendants are being jailed at increasingly alarming rates for failing to pay legal debts they can never hope to afford” (website). Following an executive summary is an assessment of the collection practices related to legal financial obligations (LFOs) for five states—Louisiana, Michigan, Ohio, Georgia, and Washington.... Read More
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92 pages
2010
Document 024736
Evaluation of the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction and Corporation for Supportive Housing’s Pilot Program: Interim Re-Arrest Analysis
By Markman, Joshua A.; Fontaine, Jocelyn; Roman, John K.; Nadeau, Carey Anne. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
This interim report looks at re-arrest outcomes for a pilot project between the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction (ODRC) and the Corporation for Supportive Housing Ohio Office (CSH). Sections of this publication include: introduction; ODRC/CSH supportive housing pilot project; Urban Institute evaluation; data analysis according to demographics, length of stay and release, security and risk, re-arrest outcomes; conclusions; and next steps. “The results of these analyses suggested t... Read More
WEB
12 pages
2010
Document 024788
Strategies for Creating Offender Reentry Programs in Indian Country
American Indian Development Associates (Albuquerque, NM).
“The information presented in this document will assist tribal justice practitioners, administrators, and policymakers in designing and developing reentry strategies for adult and juvenile offenders returning to their tribal communities” (p. 5). Sections of this report include: introduction; historical overview; developing reentry programs in Indian Country—justice system, intervention and treatment, and community restoration; general reentry policy considerations—Tribal government responsibilit... Read More
PDF
55 pages
2010
Document 024794
No Violence Alliance (NoVA) Project: San Francisco’s Model Adult Case Management Reentry Program
By Duggan, Erica. Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (San Francisco, CA).
The utilization of the No Violence Alliance (NoVA) Project to assist offenders released from San Francisco jails is covered. Five sections are contained in this report: introduction; history of reentry; model reentry program; NoVA—a “collaboration between different governmental and non-profit entitites, which allows for the project’s success” (p.7); and conclusion. The rearrest rate for NoVA participants is 36% compared to 68% for the comparison group.... Read More
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13 pages
2010
Document 024822
The Intersectionality of Race, Gender, and Reentry: Challenges for African-American Women
By Brown, Geneva. American Constitution Society (ACS) (Washington, DC).
Individuals that work with African-American female offenders will find this publication of use. The challenges African-American women offenders must contend with that other populations do not have to cope with are discussed. This brief is divided into these sections: mass incarceration and the African-American community—the war on drugs created mass incarceration and reentry policies and challenges; intersectionality and problems for reentry of African-American women offenders—intersectionality,... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2010
Document 025734
Reentry of Methamphetamine-Using Offenders into the Community: Identifying Key Strategies and Best Practices for Community Corrections
By Lowe, Nathan C.; DeMichele, Matthew. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY); Council of State Governments (CSG) (Lexington, KY).
If you or your agency is reintegrating ex-offenders that used methamphetamines (MA) into the community, you own it to yourselves to read this publication. “The purpose of this report is to highlight the need for a coherent strategy for community corrections professionals to use when supervising MA-using populations in the community. This report offers the community corrections field baseline data to understand some of the obstacles and lessons learned regarding supervision of MA-using offenders”... Read More
PDF
31 pages
2010
Document 027076
Curriculum: Investigating Allegations of Staff Sexual Misconduct with Offenders: Facilitator’s Guide [Lesson Plans]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). NIC/WCL Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law (Washington, DC).
“Investigating Allegations of Staff Sexual Misconduct with Offenders is a 36-hour educational program that addresses the complex issues in investigations of staff on offender sexual abuse in correctional settings … The objectives of the training are to ensure that participants are able to: 1. Review the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) and identify its impact on investigations of staff sexual misconduct with persons under correctional supervision; 2. Understand a comprehensive approach... Read More
PDF
199 pages
2010
Document 025266
What Works in Residential Centers Monographs
By Taxman, Faye X.; Rexroat, Jessica; Shilton, Mary; Mericle, Amy; Lerch, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). George Mason University. Criminology, Law & Society. Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (Fairfax, VA).
This series of monographs “examines the impact of participation in a RRC [Residential Re-entry Center] on federal offender release outcomes” (p. 2). RRCs assist in the transition of offenders from prison to the community. The series contains eight reports: Executive Overview: What Works in Residential Reentry Centers; Report 1: What Is the Impact of “Performance Contracting” on Offender Supervision Services?; Report 2: Measuring Performance- The Capacity of Residential Reentry Centers (RRCs) to ... Read More
WEB
165 pages
2010
Document 026447
What Works in Residential Reentry Centers?
George Mason University. Dept. of Criminology, Law and Society. Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE) (Fairfax, VA).
This study “focused on residential re-entry centers (RRCs) contracted by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. There are 250 Residential Reentry Center contractors who are responsible for nearly 24,000 federal offenders each year. In this study, the experiences of 9 RRC sites and nearly 40,000 individual case histories were examined with the goal of providing details concerning the services and performance of the RRCs … Residential Reentry Centers (RRCs) are designed to facilitate the transition from p... Read More
WEB
2010
Document 026454
Improving Reentry for Ex-Offenders in San Diego County: SB 618 Third Annual Evaluation Report
By Mulmat, Darlanne Hoctor; Doroski, Elizabeth; Howard, Lisbeth; Correia, Debbie; Keaton, Sandy; Rohanna, Kristen; Burke, Cynthia. California Dept. of Corrections and Rehabilitation (Sacramento, CA). SANDAG (San Diego, CA).
“The Senate Bill (SB) 618 San Diego Prisoner Reentry Program was developed in order to close this revolving door to prison by providing tangible reentry support services. Key program components are based on best practices and include conducting screenings and assessments and providing case management and services to meet identified needs. The process begins before sentencing and continues through imprisonment, as well as up to 18 months post-release” (p. iii). This report presents findings regar... Read More
PDF
282 pages
2010
Document 026182
Virginia Adult Re-entry Initiative: The Four Year Strategic Plan: Executive Summary: July 2010 - June 2014
Virginia Dept. of Corrections (Richmond, VA).
Those agencies needing to create a strategic plan for their own reentry programs will find common elements in this plan that they can use. Sections of this executive summary are: background; development of the Virginia Adult Re-entry Initiative (VARI) strategic plan; VARI strategic plan summary—vision, mission, principles, goals, service components (i.e., first contact, reception, on-going assessment and case planning, programs and services, re-entry service continuum from less than five years b... Read More
PDF
25 pages
2009
Document 025927
Outcome Evaluation of the Women Offender Case Management Model in Connecticut Probation
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Orbis Partners, Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario).
“The outcome evaluation [for the Women Offender Case Management Model (WOCMM) implemented in Connecticut probation] focuses on determining whether participation in the project reduces future involvement in the criminal justice system as measured by recidivism over a fixed length follow-up period. The outcome evaluation employs a comparison group to determine if participants have more positive outcomes than a group of women with similar characteristics who were not exposed to the model” (p. 1). R... Read More
PDF
17 p.
2009
Document 023065
Creating a Workforce Development Culture to Reduce Reincarceration
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Justice (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Education (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Transition and Offender Workforce Development Division (Washington, DC).
This document highlights Vermont’s Workforce Development Program. Male participants that successfully completed the program lowered their reincarceration rate from 74% to 59% at six months following release, females lowered their rate from 63% to 38%. Topics discussed include:
  • Creating a unique workforce culture
  • Habits of Mind curriculum
  • Workplace application
  • Evidence of effectiveness
  • Program replication
  • Future of the program
  • ... Read More
PDF
12 p.
2008
Document 024104
Reentry: Examining What Works in Corrections
By MacKenzie, Doris Layton. National Institute of Corrections. Research and Evaluation Division (Washington, DC).
Effective strategies for reducing recidivism are applied to reentry. Sections of this paper include: assessing what works in corrections; scientific methods score system; research meta-analyses; what works and what does not; implications for reentry interventions; and the future—where to go from here.... Read More
DOC
22 p.
2008
Document 023331
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) Initiative
Urban Institute (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) initiative is described. “The TJC initiative is designed to advance coordinated and collaborative relations between jails and local communities to address reentry, leading to enhanced public safety, reduced recidivism, and improved individual reintegration processes” (p.1). Sections of this document are: introduction; jail transition—challenges and opportunities; the TJC model; system-level elements—leadership, vision, and organizational culture, colla... Read More
PDF
8 p.
2008
Document 023402
Mentoring Women in Reentry
By Villanueva, Chandra; de Souza, Keita. Women's Prison Association and Home, Inc. Institute on Women and Criminal Justice (New York, NY).
"This Practice Brief focuses on the benefits of establishing healthy social and civic connections through mentoring of criminal justice-involved women" (p. 3). Sections contained in this publication include: issue overview; what mentoring is; mentoring and gender; policy and legislation; the WPA (Women's Prison Association) approach to mentoring women in reentry; other mentoring programs; and challenges in implementing mentoring programs.... Read More
PDF
10 p.
2008
Document 023357
Our System of Corrections: Do Jails Play a Role in Improving Offender Outcomes?
By Christensen, Gary E.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC); Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
"This document will review the role of jails and incarceration within United States' correctional systems and propose opportunities for jail officials to interact and collaborate with local criminal justice entities with the shared purpose of enhancing long-term public safety" (p. ix). Sections following an abstract include: practice within corrections -- does it work as a system; corrections within the U.S. -- the current context; evidence-based practice -- the effectiveness of criminal sancti... Read More
PDF
43 p.
2008
Document 023255
Building Tomorrow's Workforce: An Effective Reentry Strategy [Satellite/Internet Broadcast held August 2008]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This program focuses on the history and benefits of correctional industries and ways to balance competing interests. Employment is a critical factor in successful reentry. Career assistance, life skills, and job training prior to release from jails or prisons increases the likelihood of success as individuals reenter the community. This, in conjunction with support from employers, social agencies, and faith-based community organizations, provides the foundation for individuals to remain in socie... Read More

2 DVDs (172 min) + 1 CD
2008
Document 022669
TPC Reentry Handbook: Implementing the NIC Transition from Prison to the Community Model
By Burke, Peggy B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“The TPC Reentry Handbook has been developed as a resource for a broad range of stakeholders involved in improving transition and reentry practices” (p.3). Chapters comprising this manual are: transition and reentry—a key public policy issue; the Transition from Prison to the Community (TPC) model; why and how to take on the challenge of transition and reentry—lessons from the eight TPC states (Georgia, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, and Rhode Island); implementi... Read More
PDF
266 p.
2007
Document 023247
Increasing Public Safety Through Successful Offender Reentry: Evidence-Based and Emerging Practices in Corrections
By Carter, Madeline M., ed.; Gibel, Susan, ed.; Giguere, Rachelle, ed.; Stroker, Richard, ed.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
The implementation of an effective offender reentry framework is explained. Sections contained in this manual include: introduction; offender reentry from a national perspective; framework for offender reentry; leadership and organizational change; a rational planning process for a learning organization; the essential role of collaboration; key strategies in effective offender management; women offenders; and conclusion. Also provided is a copy of the Offender Reentry Policy and Practice Invent... Read More
PDF
198 p.
2007
Document 022537
Do No Harm: A Briefing Paper on the Reentry of Gang-Affiliated Individuals in New Jersey
By Greenberg, Richard. New Jersey Institute for Social Justice (Newark, NJ).
Strategies for reintegrating gang-affiliated offenders into New Jersey communities are explained. Sections after an executive summary are: introduction; background and context -- gangs and gang interventions, reentry dynamics of gang-affiliated individuals, and gang-related prison and parole programs in New Jersey; promising strategies -- pre-release and post-release interventions; and lessons learned.... Read More
PDF
27 p.
2007
Document 022777
Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2007: Promising Strategies in Transition from Prison
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Issue contents are: “Foreword” by Kermit Humphries; “An Overview of NIC’s Transition from Prison to the Community Initiative” by Peggy B. Burke; “Rising to the Challenge of Applying Evidence-Based Practices Across the Spectrum of a State Parole Board” by Sherry Tate and Catherine C. McVey; “Collaboration and Partnership in the Community: Advancing the Michigan Prisoner ReEntry Initiative” by Le’Ann Duran; “Providing Tools for Risk Reduction Case Management in Parole and Community Corrections” by... Read More
PDF
74 p.
2007
Document 022778
An Overview of NIC's Transition from Prison to the Community Initiative
By Burke, Peggy B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The Transition from Prison to the Community (TPC) Initiative, launched by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is described. This article covers distinctive elements of the TPC Model and major implementation components.... Read More
PDF
7 p.
2007
Document 022779
Rising to the Challenge of Applying Evidence-Based Practices Across the Spectrum of a State Parole System
By Tate, Sherry; McVey, Catherine C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of evidence-based practices to improve discretionary parole system is explained. This article is comprised of these sections: releasing the right offender at the right time; shifting to a case management model for reentry; designing a new technical parole violator (TPV) management program; development of statewide and local performance measures; and building a case for additional budget resources.... Read More
PDF
8 p.
2007
Document 022780
Collaboration and Partnership in the Community: Advancing the Michigan Prisoner ReEntry Initiative
By Duran, Le'Ann. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"This article examines five key attributes of partnership and collaboration deemed essential as the Michigan Department of Corrections (MDOC) developed the Michigan Prisoner ReEntry Initiative (MPRI)" (p. 19). These elements are systems thinking, fostering unified commitment, organizing and structuring partnerships, catalyzing change, and mutual capacity building.... Read More
PDF
9 p.
2007
Document 022781
Providing Tools for Risk Reduction Case Management in Parole and Community Corrections
By Pellant, Keven; Phelps, Margie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The Kansas Offender Risk Reduction & Reentry Plan (KOR3P) is described. Sections comprising this article are: the basics; the key of skill development; moving risk reduction into community corrections; and collaboration for progress.... Read More
PDF
7 p.
2007
Document 022783
Working Together to Improve Reentry: Bridging Budgets and Programs, Public and Private, Prison and the Community
By Martin, Ginger. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Some of the improvements made to Oregon's offender reentry transition process are highlighted. Partnerships include: the Oregon Trail Card (debit card); identification and driver's license; transitional housing; family planning; pro-social supports; and the Governor's Re-Entry Council.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
2007
Document 022784
Ensuring Successful Offender Reentry: Umatilla/Morrow County "Reach-In" Services
By Royal, Mark. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of reach-in to improve the transition process is explained. Reach-in "provides a simple method of contacting an offender prior to release from prison or jail custody for the purpose of coordinating services upon release" (p. 49). This article is comprised of these sections: Oregon's model for post-prison supervision; what reach-in is; the reach-in process; partnerships between counties and the Oregon Department of Corrections; and indicators of success -- recidivism dropped from 37.5% t... Read More
PDF
7 p.
2007
Document 022785
Creating Better Transitions at Indiana's Plainfield Reentry Educational Facility
By Lloyd, Michael. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
This article highlights the "flagship" of Indiana's reentry initiatives -- the Plainfield Reentry Educational Facility (PREF). Sections cover: the focus is reducing recidivism; the PREF philosophy; PREF program elements -- education and vocational skills development; employment assistance, families and children reunification, financial services, and life skills; and coordination at release.... Read More
PDF
4 p.
2007
Document 022786
Gender-Responsive Reentry in Rhode Island: A Long and Winding Road
By Derrick, Bree. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Gender-responsive offender reentry efforts for female offenders in Rhode Island are discussed. Sections contained in this article are: introduction; reentry -- a statewide focus; women's issues past and present; consciously implementing a gender-responsive approach -- assessments, program examination and updates, and field services; and challenges in reentry.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document 022787
Missouri Makes Its Move Toward a New Reentry Philosophy
By Boehm, Julie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of the Transition from Prison to the Community (TPC) model to improve offender transition in Missouri is explained. This article contains the following sections: preparing for change; addressing barriers to success -- employment, substance abuse, mental health, education, veterans' assistance, families, and transportation; preparing for release -- Transitional Housing Unit (THU), Transition Accountability Plan (TAP), and Integrated Case Management Model; extending connections; and celeb... Read More
PDF
8 p.
2007
Document 022599
Large Jail Network Meeting, September 24-26, 2007, Aurora, Colorado
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Aurora, CO).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; key themes; session highlights; opening remarks; open forum; reentry partnerships; reentry programs in jails; excited delirium/acute behavioral disturbance (ED/ABD); women offender issues; the continuing evolution of the Large Jail Network (LJN); final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
74 p.
2007
Document period316
Evidence-Based Practice in Los Angeles County Corrections: A Top-5 List of Real-World Foes
By Center, Brian. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The utilization of evidence-based practice in the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Community Transition Unit (CTU) is explained. Sections comprising this article are: what evidence-based practice is; ranking the obstacles; obstacle #5 -- hierarchy of needs; obstacle #4 -- funding; obstacle #3 -- logistical and systemic hurdles; obstacle #2 -- bureaucracy; obstacle #1 -- capability; and where to start.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2006
Document 021601
Correctional Industries Preparing Inmates for Re-Entry: Recidivism & Post-Release
By Smith, Cindy J.; Bechtel, Jennifer; Patrick, Angie; Smith, Richard R.; Wilson-Gentry, Laura. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
"This report summarizes the first national review of the recidivism and post-release effects of the Prison Industries Enhancement Certification Program (PIECP) engaging state prison inmates in private sector jobs since 1979" (p. 6). Sections following an executive summary are: abstract; introduction; methods; key findings and discussion regarding how PIECP participation increases post-release employment and reduces recidivism; and policy recommendations.... Read More
PDF
86 p.
2006
Document 021814
Women Offender Case Management Model
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Orbis Partners, Inc. (Ottawa, Ontario).
The gender-responsive Women Offender Case Management Model (WOCMM) is described. This document covers: the history of the project; philosophy and core practices; process incorporating four core elements (e.g., engage and assess, enhance motivation, implement the case plan, and review progress); preparing for implementation; and evaluation.... Read More
PDF
66 p.
2005
Document 021815
Women Offender Transition and Reentry: Gender Responsive Approaches to Transitioning Women Offenders from Prison to the Community
By Berman, Judith. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
"This document summarizes the work on gender responsive approaches to women offenders in the context of the TPC [Transition from Prison to Community] Initiative, a system-wide approach to facilitating more effective transition of offenders from prison to the community" (p. 37). Sections comprising this report are: introduction; the need for gender responsiveness; women and transition -- assessment, behavior and programming, release preparation, release preparation; release, supervision and serv... Read More
PDF
44 p.
2005
Document 020490
Transition from Prison to Community: Making It Work
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
Public safety is everyone's business. This year, 600,000 offenders will leave prison and return to our communities. Whether released offenders live as law-abiding citizens or return to criminal behavior is largely dependent on the preparations made for their release while in prison and their transition process from prison to the community.... Read More
ZIP
2 computer disks; DVD-ROM (164 min.)
2005
Document 020591
Critical Elements of Re-Entry/Continuing Care Systems [Participant's Manual]
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
"Using a three-phase process [during this 36-hour course] to plan, create, and evaluate reentry/continuing care systems, participant teams plan ways to help juvenile offenders from their jurisdictions successfully transition from institutional settings back into the community." Sections of this manual include: jurisdictional team action planning -- building your new reentry/continuing care reality; visualizing juvenile success in your reentry/continuing care jurisdiction; what are you currently... Read More
PDF
126 p.
2005
Document 020209
Community Supervision: Using a Strength-Based, Family-Focused Approach
  • [Satellite/Internet Broadcast held March 16, 2005]
  • National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO).
    This program will help professionals identify the strengths and resources inherent in the family as a fundamental support system for individuals upon their release from prison or jail. It is designed to stimulate new ways of thinking about the family as a resource to enhance offender reentry and supervision and to increase public safety. Family, broadly defined, includes individuals' blood relatives and friends who play a significant role in a person's life. Family members are essential resou... Read More
    PDF
    1 DVD (180 min.)
    2004
    Document 021386
    Releasing Inmates from Prisons: Profiles of State Practices
    By Linke, Larry; Ritchie, Peggy. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
    "This report provides a profile of each state's corrections systems and the agencies and processes involved in planning for and releasing inmates from state prisons" (p. 2). Each profile includes information about the state's corrections system background, prison-based release planning, parole board planning, and inmate release process.... Read More
    PDF
    371 p.
    2003
    Document 018642
    Transition from Prison to the Community [Videoconference Held February 12, 2003]
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
    This videoconference provides Information regarding the National Institute of Corrections' transition initiative and model. The transition model assists not only offenders released to community supervision, but also releasees who have served their full sentence. Topics covered include:
    • History of transition;
    • OJP Going Home overview;
    • Key trends;
    • Transition principles;
    • Collaboration promotion;
    • What works;
    • The NIC Transition Model;
    • Examples of the NIC Transition Model;Read More

    1 DVD (180 minutes)
    2003
    Document 019268
    Re-Entry Blog
    By Parent, Dale, ed.; Barnett, Liz, ed.. Abt Associates (Cambridge, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Transition from Prison to Community Initiative (Washington, DC).
    Access to "[r]ecent information about transition from prison to the community includes meetings, best practices, federal government programs, and news" is available at this website.... Read More
    WEB
    9 p.
    2002
    Document 017520
    Transition from Prison to Community Initiative
    By Barnett, Liz; Parent, Dale G.. Abt Associates (Cambridge, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    An examination of the Transition from Prison to Community Initiative (TPCI) from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is presented. This report contains two parts -- the problem and the solution. Sections that comprise the second part of this document, an in-depth look at TPCI are: a new model for the transition process -- an overview of TPCI and a description of its seven elements; and the implementation of the transition model -- partnerships and how to overcome barriers. TPCI "will he... Read More
    PDF
    37 p.
    2002
    Document 017635
    Time to Work: Managing the Employment of Sex Offenders Under Community Supervision
    By Seleznow, Eric. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexa. Center for Sex Offender Management (Silver Spring, MD).
    The management of sex offenders "on the job in a way that adequately restricts offenders, protects the public, and simultaneously promotes successful offender reintegration" is discussed (p. 1). This report provides a look at: the importance of work; key elements in employment supervision; assessing potential job placements; establishing relationships with employers; using confidentiality waivers; making job placement decisions; and monitoring and follow-up contact with employers.... Read More
    PDF
    12 p.
    2002
    Document 020462
    Transition from Prison Into Community: Project Briefing
    By Parent, Dale G.; Mitchell, Cranston. Abt Associates (Cambridge, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Copies of overheads used in a presentation about the National Institute of Corrections' (NIC) Transition from Prison into Community project are supplied. Topics discussed include: transition reform -- the solution to adequately protecting the public while dealing with the record number of released prisoners; the NIC model -- a new transition process, reform promotion, partnership creation, and information sharing; key agencies in transition reform; phases of the initiative; involve the stakehold... Read More
    PDF
    27 p.
    2001
    Document 016624
    Critical Elements of Successful Aftercare Services
    National Institute of Corrections Academy (Longmont, CO); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
    Including preliminary information from the Intensive Aftercare Program Model (IAP) Project, this 30-hour course examines the planning and implementation of an aftercare and transition component in juvenile justice systems. Information is provided about: visualizing successful aftercare; the state of the States -- inventing successful aftercare; the challenge of successful aftercare; the theoretical framework of intensive aftercare; the six stages of successful aftercare; the six stages in pract... Read More
    PDF
    ca. 175 p.
    1998
    Document serial644
    Chicago's Safer Foundation: A Road Back for Ex-Offenders
    By Finn, Peter. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Correctional Ed. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
    The Safer Foundation helps ex-offenders find and hold jobs, and has expanded its focus to provide basic education, life skills training, support for solving social problems, and followup services after placement. Its Programmed Activities for Correctional Education (PACE) Institute provides detainees and inmates in Chicago's Cook County Jail with basic education and life skills courses and some one-on-one tutoring. Its Crossroads Community Correctional Center, Illinois' largest work rele... Read More
    PDF
    19 p.
    1998
    Document serial643
    Texas' Project RIO (Re-Integration of Offenders)
    By Finn, Peter. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Correctional Ed. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
    Providing job preparation services to inmates while they are still incarcerated in state prisons, Project RIO also provides job placement services to parolees in every county in Texas. According to a 1992 independent evaluation, a large percentage of RIO participants found employment, and only 23 percent of high-risk participants returned to prison compared with 38 percent of non-RIO parolees. ... Read More
    PDF
    19 p.
    1998
    Document serial636
    Successful Job Placement for Ex-Offenders: The Center for Employment Opportunities
    By Finn, Peter. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Correctional Ed. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
    The Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) in New York City provides newly released offenders, primarily boot camp releasees, with a program designed to ease their reintegration into society. This "Program Focus" describes the transition from work crew participation to job placement interview, to permanent employment, to follow-up services. Responsibilities of the CEO staff, its relationship with the community, its success rate, and testimonials from CEO participants are included. ... Read More
    PDF
    19 p.
    1988
    Document 007930
    Managing the Development of Community Corrections
    By Larivee, John J.; O'Leary, William D.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    Focusing on what occurs prior to program operation, this monograph discusses concept formation, planning and program development for community corrections programs. A case study is presented on the Springfield Day Reporting Center.... Read More
    PDF
    39 p.
    1985
    Document 003544
    Connecticut's Support Services for Released Inmates: A Needs Assessment
    By Fisher, Andrew S.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Criminal Justice Education Center, Inc. (Hartford, CT).
    ... Read More
    PDF
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