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Browsing Documents Related to 'Parole'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 028268
Stress and Turnover in Parole and Probation-APPA
By Matz, Adam; Lewis, Kristen. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC) .
Adam Matz and Kristen Lewis were interviewed about stress and turnover in the probation and parole agencies. The show reviewed two articles written by Matz and Lewis.... Read More
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30 minutes
2014
Document 028317
Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways to Solve America's Correctional Challenges
By Ziedenberg, Jason. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC); NIC-TA#13C5022. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC).
The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN)—a network representing community corrections professionals—commissioned a position paper to explore the successes and challenges facing the community corrections field. The position paper, "Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways To Solve America’s Correctional Challenges", finds that community corrections is a critical part of the public safety system that supervises individua... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2014
Document 028347
Resource Package for Paroling Authorities on Offenders with Mental Illness and/or Substance Use Disorders
By Burke, Peggy; Gilligan, Leilah. National Parole Resource Center (NPRC) (Silver Spring, MD).
"The package provides an introduction for parole board members to some of the most significant challenges they will face in carrying out their responsibilities with respect to these populations, along with a summary of the latest research and strategic thinking in the field. Given the prevalence of these behavioral health issues in the correctional population, one of the most important challenges for paroling authority members is to assist in prioritizing the use of scarce supervision and treat... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028410
Swift, Certain, & Fair
BOTEC Analysis Corporation (Los Angeles, CA).
This is an excellent website for learning about this innovative approach to reducing recidivism. "About one-third of probationers and parolees fail the terms of their supervision. Over three-quarters of parolees are re-arrested within five years, and over half return to prison. High failure rates for people on probation and parole—whether for new offenses, revocations, or individuals who abscond from supervision—result in increased crime, crowded prisons and jails, and strained public budgets … ... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 028285
Max Out: The Rise in Prison Inmates Released Without Supervision
Amnesty International (London, England).
"Despite growing evidence and a broad consensus that the period immediately following release from prison is critical for preventing recidivism, a large and increasing number of offenders are maxing out—serving their entire sentences behind bars—and returning to their communities without supervision or support. These inmates do not have any legal conditions imposed on them, are not monitored by parole or probation officers, and do not receive the assistance that can help them lead crime-free liv... Read More
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22 pages
2013
Document 026954
The Impact of Probation and Parole Populations on Arrests in Four California Cities
Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
This study’s purpose was to “determine the extent to which people on probation and parole contribute to the demands on the resources of local law enforcement, and to identify what opportunities exist to use data to target their limited resources more effectively” (p. 3). Some of the findings show that: only one in five arrests are people on probation or parole; for these individuals one in six arrests were for violent crime, one in three for drug crime; and an assessment of a parolee for risk of... Read More
PDF
52 pages
2013
Document 029502
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2013
By Herberman, Erinn J.; Bonczar, Thomas P.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This bulletin presents "data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2013. The report presents trends over time for the overall community supervision population and describes changes in the probation and parole populations. It provides statistics on the entries and exits from probation and parole and the mean time served. It also presents outcomes of supervision, including the rate at which offenders completed their term of supervision or were returned to i... Read More

23 pages
2013
Document 027037
Civil Liabilities and Other Legal Issues for Probation/Parole Officers and Supervisors: 4th Edition
By Lyons, Phillip; Jermstad, Todd. NIC-08C77G7U3. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The legal liabilities that probation and parole officers face as they perform their duties are explained. Chapters comprising this publication are: an overview of state and federal legal liabilities; civil liability under state law—state tort cases; civil liability under federal law—Section 1983 cases; legal representation, attorneys’ fees, and indemnification; presentence and preparole investigations and reports; supervision; conditions, modifications, and changes in status; revocation; emergin... Read More
PDF
306 pages
2013
Document 027457
The Potential of Community Corrections to Improve Safety and Reduce Incarceration
By McGarry, Peggy; Shames, Alison; Yaroni, Allon; Tamis, Karen; Subramanian, Ram; Eisen, Lauren-Brooke; Digard, Leon; Delaney, Ruth; Sullivan, Sara. Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY).
“As the size and cost of jails and prisons have grown, so too has the awareness that public investment in incarceration has not yielded the expected return on public safety. Today, in the United States, an opportunity exists to reexamine the wisdom of our reliance on institutional corrections—incarceration in prisons or jails—and to reconsider the role of community-based corrections, which encompasses probation, parole, and pretrial supervision … States and counties are moving to shift the burde... Read More
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36 pages
2013
Document 027728
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2012
By Maruschak, Laura M.; Bonczar, Thomas P.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole during 2012. The report describes trends in the overall community supervision population and reports on change in the probation and parole populations. It provides statistics on the number of offenders entering and exiting probation and parole and their average length of stay. The report describes the outcomes of supervision, including the rate at which offenders completed their term of supervi... Read More
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22 pages
2013
Document 028344
Policy Implications of Police-Probation/Parole Partnerships: A Review of the Empirical Literature
By Matz, Adam K.; Kim, Bitna.
This article examines the benefits and challenges of interagency collaboration between law enforcement and community corrections. "The primary assumption of these programs is that both entities possess distinct intelligence and resources that if combined should better address, prevent, or intervene in the violence perpetuated by this criminogenic population" (p. 2). Sections cover: history of police-probation/parole partnerships; research and evaluation on partnerships; problems associated with ... Read More
WEB
10 pages
2013
Document 028323
Paroling Authority Self-Assessment Toolkit
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Parole Resource Center (NPRC) (Silver Spring, MD).
"Paroling authorities play a critical role within correctional systems across the nation. They make thousands of decisions a year about the timing of release from prison for a significant number of offenders each year, set conditions of release and respond to violations of post-release supervision for many thousands more, and serve as important partners in contributing to public safety and the wise use of resources. Carrying out these responsibilities effectively is both complex and critical to... Read More
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2012
Document 028322
The Parole Interview as an Opportunity to Enhance an Offender’s Motivation to Change
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Parole Resource Center (NPRC) (Silver Spring, MD).
"In many jurisdictions paroling authority members, and/or their staff, conduct in-person interviews or hearings with inmates who are eligible for parole as part of their decisionmaking process … Given the research evidence that internal, offender motivation to change is a key factor in actually changing behavior, and that there are ways of interacting with offenders that can enhance motivation, it is important to explore how this knowledge might be adapted to the parole hearing/interview setting... Read More
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34 minutes
2012
Document 026085
PREA Standards Comparison: Standards for Community Corrections
Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
Differences in the evolving Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Standards from 2009 to 2012 are noted. The PREA Standard number and standard content for the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission (NPREC) Standard (June 2009), U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Draft Standard (February 2011) and the DOJ Final Standard (May 2012) are shown side by side with additional analysis (if provided).... Read More
PDF
118 pages
2012
Document 026202
Miller v. Alabama. Certiorari to the Court of Criminal Appeals of Alabama
U.S. Supreme Court (Washington, DC).
“By requiring that all children convicted of homicide receive lifetime incarceration without possibility of parole, regardless of their age and age-related characteristics and the nature of their crimes, the mandatory sentencing schemes before us violate this principle of proportionality, and so the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment. We accordingly reverse the judgments of the Arkansas Supreme Court and Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals and remand the cases for further proce... Read More
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62 pages
2012
Document 026806
Correctional Populations In The United States, 2011
By Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents summary data on the number of offenders under the supervision of the adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2011. Persons supervised by the adult correctional systems include those in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies that supervise adults and those in the custody of state or federal prisons or local jails. The report provides statistics on the size and change in the total correctional population, by correctional status, during 2011. ... Read More
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10 pages
2012
Document 027795
Riverside County Kiosk Reporting Program
This kiosk client reporting system has resulted in a 91% success rate for clients reporting on time or as specified. “In an effort to maintain updated and accurate information on offenders deemed to be low risk, the Riverside County Probation Department developed the Automated Kiosk Reporting Program. The program allows these offenders to report via kiosk rather than in person. The kiosk gathers information from the client to include current address, phone number, whether or not they have had la... Read More
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4 minutes + 2 pages
2011
Document 028409
Parole Board Canada: Pre-Reading Material (ATRA & Decision Framework)
By Serin, Ralph C.. Carleton University (Ottawa, Ontario).
"In essence, the Framework was developed to be a roadmap to effective decision making, intended to navigate the extensive policy documents regarding factors to consider. It is a process assisting the decision maker to analyze and critique the case before them. Importantly, parole release involves making judgments, hence discretion is required. Use of the Framework does not restrict discretion but it is important that parole decisions are consistent and discriminating. That is, Board members shou... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2011
Document 024198
Evidence-Based Policy, Practice, and Decisionmaking: Implications for Paroling Authorities
By Carter, Madeline. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
New parole board members and parole executives should read this publication. It “examines information emerging from research on evidence-based practice and decisionmaking in parole and the implications of these findings for paroling authorities” (p. viii). Five chapters comprise this document: evidence-based policy, practice, and decisionmaking—what it is and why paroling authorities should be interested in it; significant research findings regarding risk reduction—implications for paroling auth... Read More
PDF
43 p.
2011
Document 024201
The Future of Parole as a Key Partner in Assuring Public Safety
Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This paper provides suggestions and examples about how these key decisionmaking functions of parole [which offenders participate in which programs, when, and for how long] can be shaped to target resources effectively according to the principles of risk, need, and responsivity” (p. viii). Sections of this publication include: introduction; historical context; the cusp of change; parole at the crossroads; resources to support parole’s new role; targets of excellence in paroling authority decisio... Read More
PDF
29 pages
2011
Document 024199
Paroling Authorities’ Strategic Planning and Management for Results
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Individuals involved in making sure their parole agency’s goals are being met need to read this paper. It provides guidance for a paroling authority in “defining its vision and mission, assembling information and resources to accomplish its goals, and putting into place appropriate management and performance measurement systems to carry out its objectives and measure its progress” (p. v). Six chapters are contained in this publication: craft your vision and mission statements; assess your organi... Read More
PDF
33 pages
2011
Document 025792
Underage Drinking: Intervention Principles and Practice Guidelines for Community Corrections
By Crowe, Ann H.; Mullins, Tracy G.; Cobb, Kimberly A.; Lowe, Nathan C.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) (Calverton, MD); American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
This guide provides “a set of guiding principles, developed from evidence-based practices, to assist community corrections in responding more effectively to underage drinking offenders. It is imperative for community corrections workers to remain fully informed of the actions they can take to address this issue” (p. 2). Five sections comprise this document: setting the stage—the problem of underage drinking; legal issues related to underage drinking; assumptions and principles for community supe... Read More
PDF
111 pages
2011
Document 026449
But Some of Them Don’t Come Back (To Prison!): Determinants of Parolee Success
By Zajac, Gary. Pennsylvania State University. Justice Center for Research (State College, PA).
Purpose of this presentation is: “To explore the types of events that were happening in inmates’ lives while out on parole that may have contributed to their eventual failure on parole and return to prison; To explore psychological and experiential antecedents of recidivism (i.e., acute dynamic risk factors); To inform the design of more effective programs and treatment services for inmates; To better prepare offenders for the types of issues that might present obstacles to their successful reen... Read More
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38 pages
2011
Document 025167
‘A Courtroom Unlike Any Other’: Santa Clara County’s Parolee Reentry Court is a Case Study in Reducing Prison Recidivism
By Korber, Dorothy. California. Senate. Office of Oversight and Outcomes (Sacramento, CA).
This report highlights the Parolee Reentry Court in Santa Clara County, California. It looks at the makeup of the Court and provides observations from its integrated team of judge, parole agents, probation officers, public defender, prosecutor, and psychologists. It also presents a perspective from a parolee, the proposal for the Court, and views from other counties. A table of California counties with collaborative justice courts is also included.... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2011
Document 024200
Special Challenges Facing Parole
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This guide is designed to “lay out the context, summarize the key issues, highlight the recent research, and provide suggestions about where to find more extensive and detailed resources” about special populations parole boards may have contact with (p. xiii). Seven chapters are contained in this publication: sex offenders; offenders who have significant mental health concerns; offenders who have significant substance abuse problems; women offenders; aging or geriatric offenders; youthful/juveni... Read More
PDF
64 pages
2011
Document 025295
Mental and Substance Use Disorders among Adult Men on Probation or Parole: Some Success against a Persistent Challenge
By Feucht, Thomas E.; Gfroerer, Joseph. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applies Studies (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
Issues related to adult males with mental and substance-use disorders on supervised release be it parole or probation are discussed. Sections of this report include: abstract; introduction; methods; results for trends in the number of probationers and parolees, and substance use, dependence, and abuse and unmet treatment need among probationers, and rates of mental disorders among parolees and probationers over time; and discussion. There is significant need for the provision of treatment and re... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2011
Document 025436
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2010
By Bonczar, Thomas P.; Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Statistics regarding adult offenders under community supervision, either probation or parole during 2010, are presented. The number of offenders entering and exiting probation and parole is covered along with the turnover of these populations. Characteristics of adults on probation or parole such as sex, race, status of supervision, type of offense, most serious offense, maximum sentence to incarceration, type of release from prison, tracking by a global positioning system (GPS), and sex offende... Read More
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52 pages
2011
Document 025443
Final Technical Report: Neighborhoods, Recidivism, and Employment Among Returning Prisoners
By Morenoff, Jeffrey D.; Harding, David J.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The impact of the community in which an offender resides on that individual’s potential for recidivism and employment is investigated. Sections following an abstract include: executive summary; introduction; research design and data collection; results according to frequency and timing of recidivism, neighborhoods and recidivism, and neighborhoods and employment; and conclusion. It appears that “neighborhood context predicted both the recidivism and labor market outcomes of former prisoners” (p.... Read More
PDF
132 pages
2011
Document 025520
Correctional Population in the United States, 2010
By Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This report provides summary data on the total population under the supervision of the adult correctional systems and highlights significant changes in the components of the population.” (p. 1). Data is provided regarding: total population under supervision and annual percent change from 1980 to 2010; defining adult correctional systems; community supervision and incarcerated populations which declined for the second consecutive year; prison populations—a comparison between the jurisdiction and ... Read More
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9 pages
2011
Document 025521
Correctional Population in the United States, 1985 - 2010
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents data on the number of persons in the United States who were under some form of correctional supervision."... Read More
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2011
Document 025565
Offender Exit Survey
By Carey, Mark. The Carey Group (White Bear Lake, MN).
This Offender Exit Survey is given to an offender upon their release from community supervision. It is comprised of 11 questions ranging from “I was treated with respect by my supervising officer” to “Overall, I was pleased with how my supervision went.”... Read More
PDF
1 page
2011
Document 025517
Webinar: Evidence-Based Practices of Community Supervision: Part 2, What Works in Parole and the Prisoner Reentry Process
By Bartruff, Jerry; Lowe, Nathan; Rogers, Shawn. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this webinar is to educate community corrections professionals on evidence-based practices (EBPs) of parole supervision, particularly with respect to the reentry of parolees leaving prison.” Participants will be able to: understand the core elements of EBPs and parole supervision; discuss the pros and cons of EBPs implementation; recognize leadership qualities that are conducive to using a successful evidence-based approach; and identify at least two practices that they could implem... Read More
VIDEO
1 video file (103 minutes) + 45 pages
2010
Document 025704
An Elected Official's Guide to Community Correctional Options; Second Edition
By Layton, Linda; McFarland, Dennis; Kincaid, Diane. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assitance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
Effective ways for using community corrections to reduce crime are examined. “Based on the latest research available, the practices and strategies identified in this guide are viable, evidence-based options for reducing recidivism and preventing crime while managing costs” (p. 3). Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; defining community corrections; dollars and sense—balancing public safety with prudent public spending; core components for effective community correctiona... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2010
Document 024350
Do Reentry Courts Reduce Recidivism? Results from the Harlem Parole Reentry Court
By Hamilton, Zachary. Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Those wanting to implement a reentry court in their community can use this report to show how such courts greatly benefit public safety. Six chapters follow an executive summary: introduction; the state of prisoner reentry; the reentry court model; study design and analysis plan; results according to recidivism and reincarceration rates, months to rearrest/revocation, role of duration, and predictors of completion/graduation (prior behavior seems to indicate future behavior); and discussion and ... Read More
PDF
40 p.
2010
Document 024197
Core Competencies: A Resource for Parole Board Chairs, Members, and Executive Staff
By Stroker, Richard; Burke, Peggy, ed.; Gilligan, Leilah, ed.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
New parole board members and parole executives should read this publication. It will introduce them to the core competencies they need to have to effectively execute their public responsibilities. Chapters cover: the broad context of parole work—parole’s function, purpose, and role in the criminal justice system, parole and other state or local entities, and legal and ethical issues; discharging duties effectively—leadership, strategic planning, emerging best practices and evidence-based practi... Read More
PDF
49 p.
2010
Document 024691
Justice Atlas of Sentencing and Corrections
Justice Mapping Center (Brooklyn, NY).
“The Justice Atlas is a corrections data driven, interactive mapping tool ... [It] is distinct from crime mapping in that it maps the residential patterns of populations who are admitted to prison and who return to their communities from prison each year; as well as those who are on parole or probation on any typical day.” Statistics are provided per state (if given) for admissions rate, count, and expenditure, releases rate, count, and expenditure, parole rate and count, and probation rate and ... Read More
WEB
1 page
2010
Document 024748
Throwing Away the Key: The Expansion of Life Without Parole Sentences in the United States
By Nellis, Ashley.
The use of life without parole (LWOP) sentencing is discussed. This article is divided into four parts: the increasing use of LWOP sentences; misguided justifications for the use of LWOP—distrust of the criminal justice system, loss of faith in personal reformation, and the desire for retribution; concerns about LWOP sentences—the rising costs of an aging prison population, insufficient scrutiny used in many LWOP cases, and the U.S. being out of step with other nations; and a more sensible respo... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2010
Document 024901
Improving the Administration of Justice in Tribal Communities through Information Sharing and Resource Sharing
By Cobb, Kimberly; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
The challenges faced by tribal, state, and federal justice systems in sharing information and resources and strategies for successfully linking these resources together so that pretrial, probation, and parole officers can be effective in the performance of their jobs are discussed. Sections comprising this report include: background—tribal justice challenges; logistics; definitions; information sharing—what information needs to be shared, advantages to sharing information, obstacles and barriers... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2010
Document 025791
Hardcore Drunk Driving Community Supervision Guide: A Resource for Outlining Supervision Challenges, Effective Strategies, and Model Programs
American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY); Century Council (Arlington, VA).
This guide is essential reading for community corrections professionals who have clients with extreme driving while under the influence (DUI) or driving while intoxicated (DWI), aka hardcore drunk driving (HCDD), convictions. It "combines the latest in evidenced-based supervision practices with treatment strategies known to work with alcohol involved and DUI/DWI offenders … [it covers] supervision challenges, and where applicable possible solutions to those challenges, promising practices workin... Read More
PDF
52 pages
2010
Document 025228
Public Hearing on Victim Issues in Probation and Parole, August 18, 2010: Recommendation Report
By Seymour, Anne. U.S. Dept of Justice. Office for Victims of Crimes (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
“Based on the testimony provided, this report provides a list of 10 recommendations for improving services to crime victims and survivors throughout the community corrections process” (p. 4). Also presented are excerpts from testimony regarding safety, information and notification, restitution, access to available resources, fairness and justice, respect and recognition, and offender accountability.... Read More
PDF
15 pages
2010
Document 026186
Framework for Connecticut’s Fiscal Future: Assessment of Connecticut’s Correction, Parole and Probation Systems
Connecticut Institute for the 21st Century (CT21) (Rocky Hill, CT).
This is the second in a series of publications that assess alternatives to current programs and services that may potentially result in considerable savings to the state. This report “points out a number of interesting facts including the issue that there is no one criminal justice system in Connecticut. In fact the systems span two branches of government – the Department of Corrections (DOC) and the Judicial Branch – which leads to difficult management issues. The report also provides highlight... Read More
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2010
Document 024881
The Importance of a Low Span of Control in Effective Implementation of Evidence Based Probation and Parole Practices
By Armstrong, Gaylene; Dretke, Doug; Atkin, Cassandra. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Sam Houston State University. Correctional Management Institute of Texas (Huntsville, TX).
This report explains why the current probation officer to supervisor ratio (7:1 span of control) should not be increased to a higher level due to significant impacts on the implementation and sustainability of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in the Community Based Correctional System in Iowa. Span of control is “the number of individuals, or resources, that a person can effectively supervise within a structured organizational, business of military setting” (p. i). Sections of this report followi... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2009
Document 023535
Implementing Motivational Interviewing in Correctional Settings: An Interview with Dr. William Miller
National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
This presentation is an extended interview with Dr. William Miller regarding the utilization of motivational interviewing (MI) in correctional settings. Topics discussed include:
  • Background of MI
  • MI in corrections
  • How MI works
  • The spirit of MI
  • Implementing MI
  • MI applications and assessment
  • Brief and one-time MI
  • Essentials of MI
  • MI roll-out and training
  • The supervisor’s role
  • MI research
  • And implications for policy makers, supervis... Read More

1 computer disk; DVD-ROM (142 min.) + 1 computer disk; CD-ROM
2008
Document 022906
Comprehensive Framework for Paroling Authorities in an Era of Evidence-Based Practice
By Campbell, Nancy M.. Campbell Consulting (Bainbridge Island, WA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
A “framework that identifies the characteristics and competencies that paroling authorities must have to be effective in implementing evidence-based practices in the context of transition programs and services” is presented (p.8). These sections follow an executive summary: introduction; the impact of history on current reform efforts; the key elements of the parole process—the institutional, reentry, community, and discharge phases; the foundation of system effectiveness—evidence-based practice... Read More
PDF
103 p.
2007
Document 022253
Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole
By Walters, Scott T.; Clark, Michael D.; Gingerich, Ray; Meltzer, Melissa L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This publication "provides probation and parole officers and other correctional professionals with both a solid grounding in the principles behind MI [motivational interviewing] and a practical guide for applying these principles in their everyday dealings with offenders" (p.2). Seven chapters are contained in this guide: how MI fits in with evidence-based practice; how and why people change; the motivational interviewing style; preparing for change; building motivation for change; navigating th... Read More
PDF
100 p.
2007
Document 022777
Topics in Community Corrections, Annual Issue 2007: Promising Strategies in Transition from Prison
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
Issue contents are: “Foreword” by Kermit Humphries; “An Overview of NIC’s Transition from Prison to the Community Initiative” by Peggy B. Burke; “Rising to the Challenge of Applying Evidence-Based Practices Across the Spectrum of a State Parole Board” by Sherry Tate and Catherine C. McVey; “Collaboration and Partnership in the Community: Advancing the Michigan Prisoner ReEntry Initiative” by Le’Ann Duran; “Providing Tools for Risk Reduction Case Management in Parole and Community Corrections” by... Read More
PDF
74 p.
2007
Document 022779
Rising to the Challenge of Applying Evidence-Based Practices Across the Spectrum of a State Parole System
By Tate, Sherry; McVey, Catherine C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The use of evidence-based practices to improve discretionary parole system is explained. This article is comprised of these sections: releasing the right offender at the right time; shifting to a case management model for reentry; designing a new technical parole violator (TPV) management program; development of statewide and local performance measures; and building a case for additional budget resources.... Read More
PDF
8 p.
2007
Document 022782
Improving Parole Outcomes with Performance Leadership and Data: Doing What Works
By Hunter, Danny; Braucht, George; Prevost, John. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"This article describes the evolution of the Georgia Parole Board's business-oriented data and performance leadership model" (p. 35). Topics covered include: business is data driven, government should be, too; Georgia's data-driven TCPI (Transition From Prison to the Community Initiative) plan; computerized information systems -- essential data to support accountability measures; managing with the right data; effective reports -- easy to access, read, and understand the causal link; performance... Read More
PDF
10 p.
2007
Document 022871
Report and Recommendations of the Subcommittee on Supervision in the Community to the New York State Commission on Sentencing Reform
New York State Commission on Sentencing Reform. Subcommittee on Supervision in the Community (Albany, NY).
Observations and recommendations made by the Subcommittee on Supervision in the Community regarding the strengthening of community corrections are presented. This report includes these sections: introduction and background information; Subcommittee process; framework and operating assumptions for deliberations; pretrial release services; probation services and system issues; alternatives to incarceration; parole supervision and violations process; community resources; and victim's services and ... Read More
PDF
57 p.
2005
Document 020263
Correctional Statistics...In Your State
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
(Updated in 2008) Access to statistics about corrections in the U.S., according to each state, can be found at this website. Statistics (per 100,000) for each state include: crime rates; corrections population; incarceration rate; community corrections--probationers and parolees; cost per inmate; and general information about the state's jails, prisons, and community corrections. Also provided are at-a-glance graphs that compare the state's ranking against other states and the U.S. total.... Read More
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1 p.
2005
Document 020618
Community Corrections Workforce Project Annotated Bibliography
By Stinchcomb, Jeanne B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This bibliography describes 71 items that address workforce development problems faced by community corrections, probation, and parole agencies. Some of the topics discussed are: the changing workforce; the changing roles of staff; caseload management demands; and recruiting, hiring, training, developing, and retaining staff.... Read More
PDF
20 p.
2003
Document 023773
A Handbook for New Parole Board Members: Part of a Resource Kit for New Parole Board Members
By Burke, Peggy B., ed.. Association of Paroling Authorities International (APAI) (California, MO); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
Issues related to the profession of parole are discussed. Nine chapters follow an introduction: "Parole in Context"; "An Overview of Corrections and Criminal Justice-Reshaping Parole" by James Austin; "Parole as Part of the Criminal Justice System and the Community"; "Parole Decisionmaking"; "The Parole Interview" by Robert J. McGrath; "Legal and Ethical Issues" by Richard P. Stroker; "Victim Issues" by Anne Seymour; "Transition, Violation, and Revocation"; and "Parole as a Profession." A gloss... Read More
PDF
101 p.
2001
Document 017178
Use of Risk Assessments for Parole Release Consideration
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Findings from a survey conducted for the NIC Community Corrections Division are presented in this table. States indicated whether or not they use risk assessment for parole release consideration.... Read More
PDF
1 p.
1995
Document 012219
Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Oregon Dept. of Corrections. Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Group (Salem, OR).
The Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Group compiled and analyzed qualitative and quantitative information on women offenders, the criminal justice decision making process, and programming resources available to women offenders in Oregon. This document describes the project process and presents the Policy Group's findings, observations, and recommendations. Topics covered include: supervision, probation, parole, trend data, offender demographics, and staff training.... Read More
PDF
100 p.
1994
Document 011775
Colorado Department of Corrections Parole Population Projections
By McVey, Aaron David; Jones, Michael. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA).
This report presents projections for the Colorado parole population through the year 2004 using a planning simulation and projection model developed by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency. These parole projections are divided into parole caseload subgroups based on gender, felony class and parole legislation type. This report contains: a summary of parole legislation; a summary of admission, release and caseload trends; a summary of the forecast method; and projected parole caselo... Read More
PDF
53 p.
1993
Document 011398
Arizona Board of Pardons and Paroles - Evaluation of Structured Decision-making Guidelines
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Arizona Board of Pardons and Paroles (Phoenix, AZ).
This packet contains the summary documents and working papers of a parole board that structured their decision-making process based on an empirical instrument. The document begins with a brief overview of the Structured Decision Making Project and then contains many attachments, including the coding manual and various forms used by the Board.... Read More
PDF
53 p.
1991
Document 012997
Parole Law: A Practical Guide to Making Parole Decisions and Parole Policy
By Palacios, Victoria. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This monograph provides information about parole law for parole board members and staff, as well as attorneys who are new to parole. It can serve as a reference when general questions arise, but should not be used to answer specific legal questions. This document is NIC's response to the need for information on parole law to be readily available and understandable.... Read More
PDF
35 p.
1990
Document 008227
Policy for Parole Release and Revocation: The National Institute of Corrections 1988-1989 Technical Assistance Project
By Burke, Peggy B.; Adams, Linda; Ney, Becki. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). COSMOS Corp. (Washington, DC); Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA).
The purpose of this project is to assist paroling authorities with their decisionmaking responsibilities by focusing upon improving policies and practices. Specific progress made by certain state jurisdictions is summarized, and lessons learned are presented.... Read More
PDF
54 p.
1990
Document 008501
Worker Safety in Probation and Parole
By Parsonage, William H.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
An overview of worker safety among probation and parole personnel in the 1980's is presented. Examples and trends regarding the victimization of probation and parole workers, along with guidelines for their protection, are discussed.... Read More
PDF
74 p.
1990
Document 011857
Colorado Parole Guidelines Handbook
By English, Kim. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Colorado Division of Criminal Justice (Denver, CO).
The Colorado Parole Guidelines training program is designed to ensure that the Parole Board receives case information necessary to make guidelines-based decisions. This handbook provides training materials for key staff and administrators in Colorado and provides direction and information for other states considering development of parole guidelines.... Read More
PDF
55 p.
1988
Document 004468
Civil Liabilities of Parole Personnel for Release, Non-Release, Supervision, and Revocation
By del Carmen, Rolando V.; Louis, Paul T.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Sam Houston State University, Criminal Justice Center (Huntsville, TX); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document provides a practitioner-oriented discussion of legal liability issues surrounding parole decisionmaking.... Read More
PDF
49 p.
1988
Document 007017
Current Issues in Parole Decision-making: Understanding the Past; Shaping the Future
By Burke, Peggy B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). COSMOS Corp. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The move to abolish parole has subsided because of rising prison populations, which have put more pressure on paroling authorities to take a lead in managing the overcrowding problem. This is the paroling authorities' opportunity to show the opposition that they can manage their responsibilities effectively, and that they have a role in the future of criminal justice. Includes bibliographies.... Read More
PDF
59 p.
1987
Document 005797
Structuring Parole Decision-making: Lessons from Technical Assistance in Nine States
By Burke, Peggy B.; Adams, Linda M.; Kaufman, Gerald; Ney, Rebecca Jo. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Cosmos Corp. (Washington, DC); Center for Effective Public Policy (Philadelphia, PA).
... Read More
PDF
50 p.
1985
Document 010539
Using Policy Simulation Analysis to Guide Correctional Reform: The Utah Experience
By Austin, James; Joe, Karen; Litsky, Paul. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); Edna McConnell Clark Foundation (New York, NY). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA).
By analyzing current sentencing practices and dispositional guidelines for probation, prison, and parole caseloads and comparing these current practices with other well established correctional screening tools through statistical simulation analysis, this study intends to provide legislators with estimates of the impact of proposed policy modifications on sentencing, classification, and correctional population size.... Read More
PDF
54 p.
1984
Document 002115
Parole Selection and Abolishment and Determinate Sentencing Creation: Role and Influence in the Change Process
By Palmer, Joseph R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This paper is the report of a research project, entitled "Parole in the U.S.: Public Perception and Political Vulnerability."... Read More
PDF
1983
Document 002663
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Final Report
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
PDF
89 p.
1983
Document 002664
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Staff Summary
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections NWashington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
PDF
23 p.
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