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Browsing Documents Related to 'Probation'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 027940
Dosage Probation: Rethinking the Structure of Probation Sentences
By Carter, Madeline M.; Sankovitz, Richard J.. NIC-12CS09GKM1; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) (Silver Spring, MD).
This is a great introduction to a new probation strategy which links “the duration of probation supervision to the optimal amount of intervention an offender needs in order to reduce risk of reoffense”. This monograph “provides a policy and practice framework upon which this new model of supervision can be constructed. It offers a review of evidence-based approaches to reducing recidivism in our communities, the most recent research on dosage, and its applicability to sentencing and community su... Read More
PDF
22 pages
2014
Document 028268
Stress and Turnover in Parole and Probation-APPA
By Matz, Adam; Lewis, Kristen. DC Public Safety (Washington, DC) .
Adam Matz and Kristen Lewis were interviewed about stress and turnover in the probation and parole agencies. The show reviewed two articles written by Matz and Lewis.... Read More

30 minutes
2012
Document 026514
Lessons Learned: The Santa Cruz County Story
By Macallair, Daniel; MacDonald, Scott; Males, Mike; McCracken, Catherine. Rosenberg Foundation (San Francisco, CA); Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors (Santa Cruz, CA). Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (CJCJ) (San Francisco, CA).
Due to California’s Public Safety Realignment Act, which transfers the supervision of lower risk inmates and parolees from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to the county level, California’s counties are looking for strategies to address the influx of inmates into their local criminal justice systems. “In light of realignment, California counties should look to Santa Cruz as a model for systems change that reduces unnecessary incarceration, while emphasizing due process... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2012
Document 026806
Correctional Populations In The United States, 2011
By Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents summary data on the number of offenders under the supervision of the adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2011. Persons supervised by the adult correctional systems include those in the community under the authority of probation or parole agencies that supervise adults and those in the custody of state or federal prisons or local jails. The report provides statistics on the size and change in the total correctional population, by correctional status, during 2011. ... Read More
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10 pages
2012
Document 027795
Riverside County Kiosk Reporting Program
This kiosk client reporting system has resulted in a 91% success rate for clients reporting on time or as specified. “In an effort to maintain updated and accurate information on offenders deemed to be low risk, the Riverside County Probation Department developed the Automated Kiosk Reporting Program. The program allows these offenders to report via kiosk rather than in person. The kiosk gathers information from the client to include current address, phone number, whether or not they have had la... Read More
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4 minutes + 2 pages
2012
Document 025879
Alternative Sentencing Policies for Drug Offenders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Kansas Senate Bill 123, Executive Summary [and] Final Report
By Stemen, Don; Rengifo, Andres F.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The impact of the first five years of “mandatory community-based supervision and substance abuse treatment for [nonviolent] individuals convicted of a first or second offense of simple drug possession” on recidivism rates and prison populations is assessed (p. 2). The following chapters and conclusions and recommendations are contained in the final report: methodology; sentencing practices; supervision and treatment practices; the individual-level impact of SB 123; the system-level impact; crimi... Read More
PDF
17 pages + 264 pages
2012
Document 026085
PREA Standards Comparison: Standards for Community Corrections
Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
Differences in the evolving Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Standards from 2009 to 2012 are noted. The PREA Standard number and standard content for the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission (NPREC) Standard (June 2009), U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Draft Standard (February 2011) and the DOJ Final Standard (May 2012) are shown side by side with additional analysis (if provided).... Read More
PDF
118 pages
2012
Document 026039
Classifying Adult Probationers by Forecasting Future Offending
By Barnes, Geoffrey C.; Hyatt, Jordan M.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
If you are involved with the development and implementation of risk prediction tools in a probation setting, you should be aware of this new assessment system. “Random forest modeling techniques represent an improvement over the methodologies of traditional risk prediction instruments. Random forests allow for the inclusion of a large number of predictors, the use of a variety of different data sources, the expansion of assessments beyond binary outcomes, and taking the costs of different types... Read More
PDF
64 pages
2011
Document 025937
Request for Proposals for Sumter County Misdemeanor Probation Services
Board of Sumter County Commissioners. Financial Services Department (Wildwood, FL).
"The goal of this RFP is to provide misdemeanor probation services to our customers, Monday-Friday and some Saturdays (as needed), while maintaining or improving current quantity and quality of customer services at no cost to Sumter County." This RFP is divided into five parts: intent and general information, evaluation and award, proposals submittal, proposals documents, and scope of services.... Read More
PDF
35 pages
2011
Document 025792
Underage Drinking: Intervention Principles and Practice Guidelines for Community Corrections
By Crowe, Ann H.; Mullins, Tracy G.; Cobb, Kimberly A.; Lowe, Nathan C.. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC). Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE) (Calverton, MD); American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
This guide provides “a set of guiding principles, developed from evidence-based practices, to assist community corrections in responding more effectively to underage drinking offenders. It is imperative for community corrections workers to remain fully informed of the actions they can take to address this issue” (p. 2). Five sections comprise this document: setting the stage—the problem of underage drinking; legal issues related to underage drinking; assumptions and principles for community supe... Read More
PDF
111 pages
2011
Document 025705
Promising Practices in Providing Pretrial Services Functions Within Probation Agencies: A Users Guide
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
Guidance is provided for jurisdictions looking to incorporate a pretrial services function within a probation department. This combination will serve to “retain or implement evidence-based practices in a way that provides the most efficient use of criminal justice resources without sacrificing public safety” (p. 7). Sections of this publication are: introduction; advantages of providing pretrial services functions in a probation department—taking advantage of existing infrastructure and relatio... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2011
Document 025120
Desktop Guide for Tribal Probation Personnel: The Screening and Assessment Process
By Cobb, Kimberly A.; Mowatt, Mary Ann; Matz, Adam; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC).
"This guide is intended to provide tribal probation personnel with information on how the screening and assessment process can facilitate and promote offender accountability and long-term behavior change" (p. 2). Sections comprising this publication are: community corrections in context; the screening and assessment process; benefits of screening and assessment tools; choosing a tool; challenges to using assessment instruments; using screening and assessment results; and conclusion. Appendixes d... Read More
PDF
80 pages
2011
Document 025235
A Ten-Step Guide to Transforming Probation Departments to Reduce Recidivism
By Fabelo, Tony; Nagy, Geraldine; Prins, Seth. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); Texas Dept. of Criminal Justice. Community Justice Assistance Division (Austin, TX); Travis County Community Supervision and Corrections Dept. (Austin, TX). Council of State Governments. Justice Center (Lexington, KY).
This guide will “help probation officials refocus the agency toward reducing crime and re-offense rates among probationers … [and] provide an action plan for realizing the practices of recidivism reduction” (p. viii). Action is taken over three phases--setting the agenda for change, redesigning department policies and practices, and implementing procedures to ensure quality and monitor progress. The ten steps are: engage and inform key stockholders; review and evaluate current departmental polic... Read More
PDF
72 pages
2011
Document 025297
Commonwealth of Virginia: Roadmap for Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections
By Pierce-Danford, Kristy; Guevara, Meghan. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Community Resources for Justice. Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA).
“The Roadmap is a guide for the sustainable implementation and replication of evidence-based practices in pretrial and local probation agencies across the state ... [it] offers valuable insights into lessons learned during implementation and provides proven strategies for addressing challenges to sustainable change” (p. 1). Chapters following an introduction explaining how to use the Roadmap are: Virginia’s application of the Integrated Model; assessing the organization; strategic planning and w... Read More
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141 pages
2011
Document 025295
Mental and Substance Use Disorders among Adult Men on Probation or Parole: Some Success against a Persistent Challenge
By Feucht, Thomas E.; Gfroerer, Joseph. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applies Studies (Rockville, MD); National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
Issues related to adult males with mental and substance-use disorders on supervised release be it parole or probation are discussed. Sections of this report include: abstract; introduction; methods; results for trends in the number of probationers and parolees, and substance use, dependence, and abuse and unmet treatment need among probationers, and rates of mental disorders among parolees and probationers over time; and discussion. There is significant need for the provision of treatment and re... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2011
Document 025436
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2010
By Bonczar, Thomas P.; Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Statistics regarding adult offenders under community supervision, either probation or parole during 2010, are presented. The number of offenders entering and exiting probation and parole is covered along with the turnover of these populations. Characteristics of adults on probation or parole such as sex, race, status of supervision, type of offense, most serious offense, maximum sentence to incarceration, type of release from prison, tracking by a global positioning system (GPS), and sex offende... Read More
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52 pages
2011
Document 025520
Correctional Population in the United States, 2010
By Glaze, Lauren E.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
This report provides summary data on the total population under the supervision of the adult correctional systems and highlights significant changes in the components of the population.” (p. 1). Data is provided regarding: total population under supervision and annual percent change from 1980 to 2010; defining adult correctional systems; community supervision and incarcerated populations which declined for the second consecutive year; prison populations—a comparison between the jurisdiction and ... Read More
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9 pages
2011
Document 025521
Correctional Population in the United States, 1985 - 2010
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
"Presents data on the number of persons in the United States who were under some form of correctional supervision."... Read More
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2011
Document 025566
Case Plans Step by Step
By Carey, Mark. The Carey Group (White Bear Lake, MN).
A process for conducting case planning “which engages the offender, properly targets the needs for intervention, is flexible and adaptable, and used as a form of “contact” between the supervising officer and probationer” is described (p. 1). The steps are: engage the offender; identify risk and criminogenic needs; review sentencing conditions; assess offender motivation; identify offender strengths; identify offender triggers; build the plan; and modify it as needed.... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2011
Document 025565
Offender Exit Survey
By Carey, Mark. The Carey Group (White Bear Lake, MN).
This Offender Exit Survey is given to an offender upon their release from community supervision. It is comprised of 11 questions ranging from “I was treated with respect by my supervising officer” to “Overall, I was pleased with how my supervision went.”... Read More
PDF
1 page
2011
Document 025627
Implementation of a Contingency Management-Based Intervention in a Community Supervision Setting: Clinical Issues and Recommendations
By Trotman, Adria J.; Taxman, Faye E..
The contingency management component of a cognitively-behaviorally based substance abuse treatment program in a probation setting is examined. Individuals looking to set up a similar treatment program will find this article very informative. The program is called "Supporting Offenders to Avoid Recidivism and Initiate New Goals (SOARING)". Sections following an abstract include: contingency management (CM) overview; CM intervention settings; CM intervention in substance use treatment; CM in crimi... Read More
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15 pages
2011
Document 025511
Webinar: Evidence-Based Practices of Community Supervision: Part I, A Focus on Current Issues and Trends in Probation
By Rogers, Shawn; Corso, Deena; Lowe, Nathan; Nagy, Geraldine. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
“The goal of this webinar is to educate community corrections professionals in both adult and juvenile sectors on the current trends of evidence-based practices (EBPs) of probation supervision.” Participants will be able to: understand the core elements of EBPs and probation supervision; discuss the pros and cons of EBPs implementation; recognize leadership qualities that are conducive to using a successful evidence-based approach; and identify at least two practices that they could implement to... Read More
VIDEO
1 video file (130 minutes) + 41 pages
2011
Document 025600
Organizational Readiness in Corrections
By Lerch, Jennifer; Viglione, Jill; Eley, Ernest; James-Andrews, Susan; Taxman, Faye S..
“This article examines the impact of a continuous on-site training model to advance the implementation of evidence-based practices in correctional settings” (p. 5). Information from this article can be used in the development and implementation of your own agency’s efforts to utilize evidence-based practices. Sections include: organizational readiness for change; resistance to change in corrections; implementing change; the Prison-Based Work Release Center (PWRC) experience with adopting evidenc... Read More
WEB
6 pages
2010
Document 025619
Enhancing Offender Re-Entry: An Integrated Model for Enhancing Offender Re-Entry
By Serin, Ralph; Llloyd, Caleb D.; Hanby, Laura J..
Sometimes a look at the system from outside sheds new light on elements that can contribute to its success. That is one of the benefits of reading this article. “The purpose of this paper is to critically examine how well the field is positioned to meet proffered expectations for re-entry regarding risk reduction and public safety and to debate whether existing conceptualizations of offender change can adequately inform offender re-entry initiatives” (p. 53). Sections of this publication after ... Read More
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13 pages
2010
Document 025729
Tribal Probation: An Overview for Tribal Court Judges
By Cobb, Kimberly .; Mullins, Tracey G.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
More effective ways of addressing the misdemeanor offenses of tribal members is needed since incarceration does not play a great part in many tribal cultures. “This article is designed to provide tribal court judges with a general understanding of community supervision and how it can benefit tribal justice systems, as well as provide some insight into the role of community supervision officers” (p. 4). Topics discussed include: what community supervision is; benefits to the tribal justice system... Read More
PDF
12 pages
2010
Document 025704
An Elected Official's Guide to Community Correctional Options; Second Edition
By Layton, Linda; McFarland, Dennis; Kincaid, Diane. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assitance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
Effective ways for using community corrections to reduce crime are examined. “Based on the latest research available, the practices and strategies identified in this guide are viable, evidence-based options for reducing recidivism and preventing crime while managing costs” (p. 3). Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; defining community corrections; dollars and sense—balancing public safety with prudent public spending; core components for effective community correctiona... Read More
PDF
61 pages
2010
Document 025228
Public Hearing on Victim Issues in Probation and Parole, August 18, 2010: Recommendation Report
By Seymour, Anne. U.S. Dept of Justice. Office for Victims of Crimes (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
“Based on the testimony provided, this report provides a list of 10 recommendations for improving services to crime victims and survivors throughout the community corrections process” (p. 4). Also presented are excerpts from testimony regarding safety, information and notification, restitution, access to available resources, fairness and justice, respect and recognition, and offender accountability.... Read More
PDF
15 pages
2010
Document 024633
Juvenile Delinquency Probation Caseload, 2007
By Livsey, Sarah. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Washington, DC).
Those people involved with juveniles under probation will find this fact sheet interesting. Observations made include: one-third of all delinquency cases disposed in 2007 received probation as the most serious disposition; probation can be court ordered or voluntary; most cases placed on probation involved white youth and males; and property offense cases made up the greatest proportion of the population caseload.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
2010
Document 024691
Justice Atlas of Sentencing and Corrections
Justice Mapping Center (Brooklyn, NY).
“The Justice Atlas is a corrections data driven, interactive mapping tool ... [It] is distinct from crime mapping in that it maps the residential patterns of populations who are admitted to prison and who return to their communities from prison each year; as well as those who are on parole or probation on any typical day.” Statistics are provided per state (if given) for admissions rate, count, and expenditure, releases rate, count, and expenditure, parole rate and count, and probation rate and ... Read More
WEB
1 page
2010
Document 024896
Arming Deputy Probation Officers--California Penal Code Section 830.5
Santa Clara County Probation Dept. (San Jose, CA).
The need for arming Deputy Probation Officers is explained. Reasons for this recommendation include: the classification of probation officers as peace officers; the facilitation of community safety and offender accountability; supervision of high risk offenders; specialized narcotics task force participation; high risk during home visits; 86% of all probation departments in California arming their probation officers; and the Santa Clara Probation Department being the last large urban county not ... Read More
WEB
3 pages
2010
Document 024889
Pros and Cons of an Armed Probation Officer
By Thompson, Elizabeth. eHow.com (Bellevue, WA).
Individuals wanting an introduction to the issue of arming probation officers will find this brief primer invaluable. It covers two pros –dangerous offenders and practical applications—and two cons—conflicting views and probation officer preference—of providing probation officers with firearms.... Read More
WEB
3 pages
2010
Document 024901
Improving the Administration of Justice in Tribal Communities through Information Sharing and Resource Sharing
By Cobb, Kimberly; Mullins, Tracy. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
The challenges faced by tribal, state, and federal justice systems in sharing information and resources and strategies for successfully linking these resources together so that pretrial, probation, and parole officers can be effective in the performance of their jobs are discussed. Sections comprising this report include: background—tribal justice challenges; logistics; definitions; information sharing—what information needs to be shared, advantages to sharing information, obstacles and barriers... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2010
Document 025079
The Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision: Risk-Need-Responsivity in the Real World
By Bonta, James; Bourgon, Guy; Rugge, Tanya; Scott, Terri-Lynne; Yessine, Annie K.; Gutierrez, Leticia; Li, Jobina. Public Safety Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
The application of the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model of offender rehabilitation to one-on-one supervision of offenders placed under probation is examined. This RNR-based training program is called the Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS). Sections of this report include: abstract; the RNR model of offender rehabilitation; the present study; method; results for the success of random assignment, length and content of session discussions, quality of probation officers... Read More
WEB
17 pages
2010
Document 025791
Hardcore Drunk Driving Community Supervision Guide: A Resource for Outlining Supervision Challenges, Effective Strategies, and Model Programs
American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY); Century Council (Arlington, VA).
This guide is essential reading for community corrections professionals who have clients with extreme driving while under the influence (DUI) or driving while intoxicated (DWI), aka hardcore drunk driving (HCDD), convictions. It "combines the latest in evidenced-based supervision practices with treatment strategies known to work with alcohol involved and DUI/DWI offenders … [it covers] supervision challenges, and where applicable possible solutions to those challenges, promising practices workin... Read More
PDF
52 pages
2010
Document 026186
Framework for Connecticut’s Fiscal Future: Assessment of Connecticut’s Correction, Parole and Probation Systems
Connecticut Institute for the 21st Century (CT21) (Rocky Hill, CT).
This is the second in a series of publications that assess alternatives to current programs and services that may potentially result in considerable savings to the state. This report “points out a number of interesting facts including the issue that there is no one criminal justice system in Connecticut. In fact the systems span two branches of government – the Department of Corrections (DOC) and the Judicial Branch – which leads to difficult management issues. The report also provides highlight... Read More
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2010
Document 024881
The Importance of a Low Span of Control in Effective Implementation of Evidence Based Probation and Parole Practices
By Armstrong, Gaylene; Dretke, Doug; Atkin, Cassandra. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Sam Houston State University. Correctional Management Institute of Texas (Huntsville, TX).
This report explains why the current probation officer to supervisor ratio (7:1 span of control) should not be increased to a higher level due to significant impacts on the implementation and sustainability of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in the Community Based Correctional System in Iowa. Span of control is “the number of individuals, or resources, that a person can effectively supervise within a structured organizational, business of military setting” (p. i). Sections of this report followi... Read More
PDF
34 pages
2010
Document 026390
Probation and Diversion: Is There a Place at the Table and What Should We Serve?
By Taxman, Faye S..
“In this review, we will look at the efforts to improve probation and diversion practices and highlight the findings from various studies” (p. 234). Readers will get a better understanding of how these two community correction programs work. This article is divided into the following parts: diversion; special programming for substance abuse disorders; restorative justice—healing the harms; probation; and searching for the “holy grail”.... Read More
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8 pages
2009
Document 024034
Probation in Maine: Setting the Baseline
By Rubin, Mark; Dodge, Jennifer. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Southern Maine. Muskie School of Public Service (Portland, ME).
"This study was conducted to determine the types, extent, and frequencies of adult probation recidivism in Maine adult probation recidivism in Maine before and during the implementation period” of a “series of evidence-based principles in community corrections with the goal of improving the effectiveness of offender management in the community” (p.1). Findings are tabulated for: characteristics of the sample; risk level by year entering probation; one-year recidivism rates by risk category and c... Read More
PDF
14 p.
2009
Document 024035
Probation and Split-Sentencing in Maine
By Rocque, Michael A.; Rubin, Mark. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Southern Maine. Muskie School of Public Service (Portland, ME).
“This brief examines Maine’s sentencing practices during the pilot project, [the implementation of “a series of evidence-based principles in community corrections with the goal of improving the effectiveness of offender management in the community”], for adult probationers entering probation between 2004 and 2007” (p. 1). Topics discussed include: who received a split sentence; split-sentences in Maine are more likely to be given to more serious offenders; probationers receiving split-sentences ... Read More
PDF
4 p.
2009
Document 024144
The Greening of Probation
National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC) (Rockville, MD).
The utilization of a web-based Reusable Case Management System (RCMS) by the New York City Department of Probation to send judges offender reports prior to sentencing hearings is described. Not only are considerable amounts of paper, ink, energy, etc. being saved, but the rate of on-time delivery of reports is at 100%.... Read More
PDF
2 p.
2007
Document 022253
Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole
By Walters, Scott T.; Clark, Michael D.; Gingerich, Ray; Meltzer, Melissa L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This publication "provides probation and parole officers and other correctional professionals with both a solid grounding in the principles behind MI [motivational interviewing] and a practical guide for applying these principles in their everyday dealings with offenders" (p.2). Seven chapters are contained in this guide: how MI fits in with evidence-based practice; how and why people change; the motivational interviewing style; preparing for change; building motivation for change; navigating th... Read More
PDF
100 p.
2005
Document 020618
Community Corrections Workforce Project Annotated Bibliography
By Stinchcomb, Jeanne B.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This bibliography describes 71 items that address workforce development problems faced by community corrections, probation, and parole agencies. Some of the topics discussed are: the changing workforce; the changing roles of staff; caseload management demands; and recruiting, hiring, training, developing, and retaining staff.... Read More
PDF
20 p.
2005
Document 020263
Correctional Statistics...In Your State
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
(Updated in 2008) Access to statistics about corrections in the U.S., according to each state, can be found at this website. Statistics (per 100,000) for each state include: crime rates; corrections population; incarceration rate; community corrections--probationers and parolees; cost per inmate; and general information about the state's jails, prisons, and community corrections. Also provided are at-a-glance graphs that compare the state's ranking against other states and the U.S. total.... Read More
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1 p.
1999
Document 015249
State Organizational Structures for Delivering Adult Probation Services
By Krauth, Barbara; Linke, Larry. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO).
Updating information provided in a 1993 NIC publication, this is the third study of adult probation sponsored by NIC since 1983. Sections include: current state of probation in the United States; changes in state structures for delivering adult probation services since 1993; profile of the delivery structure in each state; and three appendices with selected information from earlier studies.Twenty-six states deliver probation services through an agency within the department of corrections. Twenty... Read More
PDF
97 p.
1997
Document 013467
The Connecticut Office of Adult Probation Vision
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Connecticut Judicial Branch. Office of Adult Probation (Rocky Hill, CT).
This statement of the Connecticut Office of Adult Probation's vision contains brief outlines of its mission and outcome goals for clients, criminal justice agencies, staff, victims, and the community. Also included from this results driven agency are the "1996 Annual Statistical Report Statewide" and an edition of the Strategic Planning News entitled, "Strategic Planning Outcome Measures and Data Elements Updated for the Office of Adult Probation."... Read More
PDF
40 p.
1996
Document 013227
Community Justice: Striving for Safe, Secure, and Just Communities
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Eight authors discuss changes occurring in criminal justice under the general theme of community justice. Topics discussed include restorative justice, acknowledging probation's multiple clients, the role of risk assessment, thinking differently about justice, community involvement, and neighborhood supervision. ... Read More
PDF
45 p.
1995
Document 012219
Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Oregon Dept. of Corrections. Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Group (Salem, OR).
The Intermediate Sanctions for Women Offenders Policy Group compiled and analyzed qualitative and quantitative information on women offenders, the criminal justice decision making process, and programming resources available to women offenders in Oregon. This document describes the project process and presents the Policy Group's findings, observations, and recommendations. Topics covered include: supervision, probation, parole, trend data, offender demographics, and staff training.... Read More
PDF
100 p.
1993
Document 000213
The Intermediate Sanctions Handbook: Experiences and Tools for Policymakers
By McGarry, Peggy, ed.; Carter, Madeline M., ed.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexandria, VA). Center for Effective Public Policy (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This handbook offers the collective expertise and experience of those who participated in the State Justice Institute and National Institute of Corrections' cosponsored training and technical assistance program, the Intermediate Sanctions Project. The handbook serves as a planning resource for the development of more effective systems of intermediate sanctions. Chapters containing exercises and discussion outlines address key steps in the intermediate sanctions process from getting started to ma... Read More
PDF
155 p.
1992
Document 010348
Managing Probation with Scarce Resources: Obstacles and Opportunities
By Cochran, Donald; Corbett, Ronald; Nidorf, Barry; Buck, Gerald S.; Stiles, Don R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Five papers examine cutback management in probation agencies. Specific topics include: the role classification schemes play in making decisions on priorities for supervision; building an external constituency for probation; impact of downsizing on personnel in terms of morale and career stagnation; methods for generating alternative or additional revenue streams; and, action steps that the probation executive facing scarce resources should undertake. ... Read More
PDF
53 p.
1990
Document 008501
Worker Safety in Probation and Parole
By Parsonage, William H.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
An overview of worker safety among probation and parole personnel in the 1980's is presented. Examples and trends regarding the victimization of probation and parole workers, along with guidelines for their protection, are discussed.... Read More
PDF
74 p.
1989
Document 007809
New Strategies to Improve Probationers' Compliance with Economic Sanctions: A Field Study in Performance Feedback
By Wheeler, Gerald R.; Rudolph, Amy S.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Harris County Adult Probation Dept. (Houston, TX).
The effects of computer-generated performance feedback on fee collections are examined, and policy implications are discussed. Includes bibliography.... Read More
PDF
27 p.
1989
Document 007810
Economic Sanctions in Perspective: Do Probationers' Characteristics Affect Fee Assessment, Payment, and Outcome?
By Wheeler, Gerald R.; Rudolph, Amy S.; Hissong, Rodney V.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Harris County Adult Probation Dept. (Houston, TX).
"Specific policy recommendations in the areas of financial screening, administrative procedure to improve monitoring and evaluation of fees, and alternatives to economic sanctions for the financially disadvantaged are offered."--Author's abstract modified. Includes bibliography.... Read More
PDF
22 p.
1989
Document 009277
Evaluating the Impact of Ohio's Community Corrections Programs on Public Safety and Costs: Final Report
By Austin, James; Quigley, Peter; Cuvelier, Steve. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA).
The impact of the state of Ohio subsidized, county-operated Community Corrections Act programs (CCA), Intensive Diversion Units (IDU), and the Community Based Correctional Facilities (CBCF) are reviewed. The study concludes that these programs do serve to divert offenders from state prisons.... Read More
PDF
72 p.
1989
Document 007808
Does Sentencing Felony Probationers to Community Service Affect Recidivism and Economic Sanction Compliance?: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study
By Wheeler, Gerald R.; Rudolph, Amy S.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Harris County Adult Probation Dept. (Houston, TX).
Findings show that a higher percentage of persons sentenced to unpaid community service successfully terminated probation during the study period and paid higher restitution fees. The cost effectiveness of community service sentencing is presented, and guidelines for this form of restitution are discussed. (Abstract). Includes bibliography.... Read More
PDF
22 p.
1986
Document 005816
Victims and Probation: Building a Collaborative Relationship, an Analysis of Legislation
By Omole, Omolola E.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Rutgers University. School of Criminal Justice. Program Resources Center (Newark, NJ); National Assocation of Probation Executives (Austin, TX).
Title of project: The role of victims and probation: building a collaborative relationship. Paper presented at the session titled "Victims and Victimization," American Society of Criminology 38th Annual Meeting, October 29-November 1, 1986, Atlanta, Georgia.... Read More
PDF
1986
Document 010347
Management Strategies for Probation in an Era of Limits
By Harlow, Nora; Nelson, E. Kim. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Southern California. School of Public Administration (Los Angeles, CA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Reflecting change in resources, mission, problems, and strategies since the original monograph was written in 1982, this edition addresses: the importance of context; managing the transition to fiscal limits; upgrading information and involving staff; allocating scarce resources; expanding resources; building constituencies and networks; knowledge transfer; and action research.... Read More
PDF
156 p.
1986
Document 004274
Fees for Probation Services
By Baird, S. Christopher; Holien, Douglas A.; Bakke, Audrey J.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (Madison, WI); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document discusses issues such as revenue potential, positive and negative impacts of fees, and policy options for fee operations.... Read More
PDF
37 p.
1986
Document 004915
Projecting Probation Fee Revenues: a Revenue Projection Model for Agencies based on Local Policies and Demographic Data (Draft)
By Baird, S. Christopher; Holien, Douglas A.; Bakke, Audrey J.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (Madison, WI).
... Read More
PDF
1982
Document 000532
Client Management Classification: An Interviewing and Case Planning System for Adult Corrections Clients - Training Manual
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Pennyslvania Board of Probation and Parole (Harrisburg, PA).
... Read More
PDF
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