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Date Title Type
Document 028390
Measuring and Using Juvenile Recidivism Data to Inform Policy, Practice, and Resource Allocation
By Walsh, Nastassia; Weber, Josh. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"To understand to what extent states currently track recidivism data for youth involved in the juvenile justice system and use that information to inform policy and funding decisions, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, The Pew Charitable Trusts’ Public Safety Performance Project, and the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators surveyed juvenile correctional agencies in all 50 states. This issue brief highlights the key findings of the survey and provides state and local pol... Read More
16 pages
Document 028412
Measuring Juvenile Recidivism: Data Collection and Reporting Practices in Juvenile Corrections
By Gelb, Adam; Adams, Benjamin. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); Council of States Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA).
"Reducing recidivism is a key indicator of success for juvenile corrections agencies." This interactive map is an excellent resource for finding out about juvenile offender recidivism across the United States. Information provided for each responding state shows its definition of recidivism (measure(s) of reoffending, length of follow up, and whether offenders are followed in to the criminal justice system), how performance (recidivism) is measured (compare to previous year release cohorts, and ... Read More
Document 028228
Reducing Recidivism: States Deliver Results
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (New York, NY).
This report is a great resource for those people looking for ideas on how to reduce statewide recidivism. It is highly worthwhile due to its data being current, coming from a diverse group of states, and showing that states can significantly reduce their recidivism rates. The statistics presented in this publication come from eight states – Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Wisconsin. A section is provided for each state that shows th... Read More
24 pages
Document 028168
Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010
By Durose, Matthew R.; Cooper, Alexia D.; Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[e]xamines the 5-year post-release offending patterns of persons released from state prisons in 2005 by offender characteristics, prior criminal history, and commitment offense. It provides estimates on the number and types of crimes former inmates commit both prior to their imprisonment and after release. The report includes different measures of recidivism, including a new arrest, court adjudication, conviction, and incarceration for either a new sentence or a technical violation.... Read More
31 pages
Document 028437
Improving Recidivism as a Performance Measure
By King, Ryan; Elderbroom, Brian. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
"Performance measurement—establishing metrics for success and assessing results—is a crucial first step in making informed decisions in all areas of government, including criminal justice policy. Understanding the outcomes of funding and policy decisions is critical to improving government performance and providing the best return on taxpayer investments … Recidivism, the most commonly used definition of correctional success, is one example of a performance measure that many states use. Broadly ... Read More
13 pages
Document 027089
Webinar: The Recidivism Reduction Checklists: A Resource for State Leaders and Corrections Agencies
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
“Three checklists are introduced during this webinar, each tailored to distinct audiences: 1) Executive and Legislative Policymakers; 2) State Corrections Administrators; 3) State Reentry Coordinators. During this webinar a distinguished panel of state corrections directors, policy staff, and state reentry coordinators discussed the content of the checklists, as well as ways that state corrections administrators and their staff can use the checklists to bolster recidivism reduction efforts withi... Read More
9 minutes + 37 pages
Document 027548
Predicting Recidivism Risk: New Tool in Philadelphia Shows Great Promise
By Ritter, Nancy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As ever-increasing numbers of offenders are supervised in the community — witness the massive “realignment” of prisoners in California — parole and probation departments must find the balance between dwindling dollars and the lowest possible risk to public safety. The good news is that researchers and officials in Philadelphia, Pa., believe they have developed a tool that helps find that balance” (p. 4). This article explains how your jurisdiction can use a random forest risk-forecasting tool. ... Read More
10 pages
Document 026928
Extension of Current Estimates of Redemption Times: Robustness Testing, Out–of-State Arrests, and Racial Differences
By Blumstein, Alfred; Nakamura, Kiminori. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As information technology has increased the accessibility of criminal-history records, and concern for negligent-hiring lawsuits has grown, criminal background checking has become an important part of the hiring process for most employers. As a result, there is a growing concern that a large number of individuals are handicapped in finding employment because of a stale criminal-history record. The current study is an extension of a NIJ-funded project intended to provide the empirical estimates ... Read More
114 pages
Document 027317
Prisoner Recidivism Analysis Tool
By Snyder, Howard N.; Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
“This analysis tool allows users to calculate recidivism rates for persons released from state prisons. Recidivism rates may be generated for the entire sample of released prisoners or for released prisoners with specific demographic, criminal history, and sentence attributes.” The selected criteria used to generate tables and charts customized for your agency are age at release, sex, race, ethnicity, number of prior arrests, prior imprisonment, sentencing offense (homicide, rape, other sexual a... Read More
Document 024932
Penal & Drug Rehabilitation w/ Tai Chi & Qigong—A Resource for Court, Jail, Prison, and Drug Rehabilitation Professionals, & Tai Chi & QG Teachers
World Tai Chi & Qigong Day (Overland Park, KS).
Information about the use of tai chi or Qigong in a drug rehabilitation program is supplied. “A small preliminary study has shown that men who have learned these practices are successful upon parole ninety four percent of the time” (p. 1). Articles available on this website include: “World T'ai Chi & Qigong Day Begins a Life Journey. . . Benefiting "MANY" Women in the Kansas State Correctional Facility for Women” by Linda Bower; “An End to Crime, Qi Gong in Corrections” by James K. Hecker; and “... Read More
6 pages
Document 024981
State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
Anyone concerned with keeping ex-offenders out of prison or jail, be they correctional professionals or concerned community members, should read this publication. “This report seeks to elevate the public discussion about recidivism, prompting policy makers and the public to dig more deeply into the factors that impact rates of return to prison, and into effective strategies for reducing them” (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—recidivism as a performance measure, o... Read More
42 pages
Document 025448
The Path to Successful Reentry: The Relationship Between Correctional Education, Employment and Recidivism
By Cronin, Jake. Univerity of Missouri. Harry S Truman School of Public Affairs. Institute of Public Policy (Columbia, MO).
The ability of education acquired in prison to increase post-incarceration employment rates and lower recidivism rates is examined. Sections of this article include: abstract; introduction; the impact of correctional education in Missouri; education and employment; education and recidivism; employment and recidivism; the pathway to lower recidivism rates; and conclusion. Results “show that inmates who increase their education in prison are more likely to find a full-time job after prison, and th... Read More
6 pages
Document 025443
Final Technical Report: Neighborhoods, Recidivism, and Employment Among Returning Prisoners
By Morenoff, Jeffrey D.; Harding, David J.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The impact of the community in which an offender resides on that individual’s potential for recidivism and employment is investigated. Sections following an abstract include: executive summary; introduction; research design and data collection; results according to frequency and timing of recidivism, neighborhoods and recidivism, and neighborhoods and employment; and conclusion. It appears that “neighborhood context predicted both the recidivism and labor market outcomes of former prisoners” (p.... Read More
132 pages
Document 025552
Reducing Recidivism Video
Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC).
This short video shows “how states are breaking this cycle of recidivism, and saving money, by implementing evidence-based programs and policies including risk assessment, fiscal incentives and swift and certain sanctions”.... Read More
5 minutes
Document 025526
Reducing Recidivism: Corrections Directors in Five States Share Lessons Learned
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
The responses of Harold W. Clarke, Justin Jones, Andrew A. Pallito, LaDonna H. Thompson, and Max Williams - the corrections directors from Virginia, Oklahoma, Vermont, Kentucky, and Oregon, respectively - regarding strategies and challenges they faced in reducing recidivism are reported. Other agencies can use these lessons learned to reduce their own recidivism. Topics discussed include: why corrections leaders are embracing recidivism reduction as a goal; where recidivism reduction fits with o... Read More
8 pages
Document 025718
State Leaders' National Forum on Reentry and Recidivism
Council of State Governments.Justice Center (New York, NY); Association of State Correctional Administrators (Hagerstown, MD); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC).
Access to the agenda, presentation slides, and video segments from the State Leaders' National Forum on Reentry and Recidivism is provided at this website. Those individuals tasked with reducing the recidivism of released inmates' will want to pay a visit here. "Drawing on lessons learned from reentry policies, programs, and research, [this forum] aimed to position states to leave the event with the outlines of a plan that had the following elements: set specific goals that include concrete redu... Read More
Document 025735
Principles of Recidivism Reduction
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); corrections.com.
This article is a nice, concise explanation of what risk/needs/responsivity (RNR) principles are. Topics discussed include: what is meant by risk of recidivism/criminogenic need; risk principle—focus supervision and services on the people most likely to commit crimes; what is meant by risk assessment; need principle—address an individual’s greatest criminogenic needs; what is meant by criminogenic needs; and responsivity principle—adapt interactions and services so that they enhance an individua... Read More
3 pages
Document 026127
The Effects of Prison Visitation on Offender Recidivism
Minnesota Dept. of Corrections (St. Paul, MN).
The influence visitation has on the recidivism of visited prisoners is examined. Sections of this report include: research summary; introduction; prison visitation policies; reentry and social support; prison visitation research; methodology; results for descriptive statistics, impact of visitation on time to first felony reconviction, impact of visitation on time to first revocation, and impact of inmate-visitor relationship on time to first reconviction; conclusion; and implications for correc... Read More
41 pages
Document 022394
Assessing the Utility of Risk Assessment Tools and Personality Measures in the Prediction of Violent Recidivism for Adult Offenders
By Campbell, Mary Ann; French, Sheila; Gendreau, Paul. Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
The validity and utility of various instruments used for predicting violent risk are assessed. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; methods and procedures; results -- description of database, predictive validities of risk measures for institutional violence and violent recidivism, comparison of effect sizes by generation of risk instrument, and comparisons based on the static versus dynamic content of the instrument, measure administration method, and instrument relevance ... Read More
47 p.
Document 023358
Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Recidivism: Implications for State Judiciaries
By Warren, Roger K.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
The reduction of recidivism by state judiciaries utilizing six principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) is explained. Seven sections follow an executive summary: introduction; current state sentencing policies and their consequences; drug courts -- the state judiciary's successful experiment with EBP; the principles of EBP; local sentencing and corrections policy reforms; state sentencing and corrections policy reforms; and conclusion. "[C]arefully targeted rehabilitation and treatment progr... Read More
77 p.
Document 020300
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, Winter 2005
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This Large Jail Network meeting took place January 30-February 1, 2005, in Longmont, Colorado. Contents of these proceedings include: NICs Core Competency Model Project: Preparing Leaders in Corrections for the Future by Robert Brown; Training as a Strategic Management Tool by Tom Reid; Legal Issues and Mentally Ill Inmates by Bill Collins; Mental Health Services in Jails: Identifying Problems by Joel A. Dvoskin; Informal Announcements by David Parrish; Mental Health Issues: Open Forum Discussio... Read More
67 p.
Document 016965
Recidivism of Sex Offenders
By Bynum, Tim. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexa. Center for Sex Offender Management (Silver Spring, MD).
The potential for commission of subsequent offenses by sex offenders is examined. This report looks at the following issues: measurement of sex offender recidivism; factors associated with recidivism; review of studies concerning rapists, child molesters, and probationers; synthesis of recidivism studies; impact of interventions on recidivism -- treatment, juvenile treatment research, supervision, and evaluating the effects; implications for sex offender management; and concluding remarks.... Read More
20 p.
Document 007808
Does Sentencing Felony Probationers to Community Service Affect Recidivism and Economic Sanction Compliance?: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study
By Wheeler, Gerald R.; Rudolph, Amy S.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Harris County Adult Probation Dept. (Houston, TX).
Findings show that a higher percentage of persons sentenced to unpaid community service successfully terminated probation during the study period and paid higher restitution fees. The cost effectiveness of community service sentencing is presented, and guidelines for this form of restitution are discussed. (Abstract). Includes bibliography.... Read More
22 p.
Document 002663
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Final Report
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
89 p.
Document 002664
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Staff Summary
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections NWashington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
23 p.
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