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Browsing Documents Related to 'Recidivism'

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Date Title Type
Document 029825
The Effects on Re-offending of Custodial vs. Non-custodial Sanctions: An Updated Systematic Review of the State of Knowledge
By Villettaz, Patrice; Gillieron, Gwladys; Killias, Martin; Markwalder, Nora; Chopin, Julien. Swedish National Council of Crime Prevention (Stockholm, Sweden). Campbell Collaboration (Oslo, Norway).
"Throughout the Western World, community-based sanctions have become a popular and widely used alternative to custodial sentences. There have been many comparisons of rates of reconviction among former prisoners and those who have served any kind of community sanction. So far, the comparative effects on re-offending of custodial and non-custodial sanctions are largely unknown, due to many uncontrolled variables … The objective is to assess the relative effects of custodial sanctions (imprisonmen... Read More

92 pages
Document 029964
The Road from Crime
By McNeill, Fergus; Farrall, Stephen; Lightowler, Claire; Maruna, Shadd. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (Swindon, England); George Mason University (Fairfax, VA). Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services (IRISS) (Glasgow, Scotland).
While this program takes place in Scotland, it has valuable insights that can be used in your agency. "The exit at the prison gate often appears to be a revolving door with nearly 60% of released prisoners re-offending within two years of their release. Prisons and probation departments have, almost literally, tried everything in efforts to rehabilitate offenders over the past century, but the results have been uniformly bleak leading many to conclude that “nothing works.” In the past ten years,... Read More

49 minutes
Document 029720
Can Corrections Heal? Reducing Recidivism and Increasing Public Safety in Virginia
By Richeson, Scott.
"When discussing recidivism reduction plans within U.S. correctional agencies, many ideas surface. Some ideas are tried and true; some are progressive and cutting edge; some are recycled and restructured; but all are hopeful. In 2010, the Virginia Department of Corrections (VADOC) began thoroughly examining its security measures, programs, human resources and their combined effectiveness in reducing recidivism … This started with an introduction of a new corrections paradigm. The paradigm focuse... Read More
4 pages
Document 029923
Access to Transportation and Outcomes for Women on Probation and Parole
By Bohmert, Miriam Northcutt.
Anyone working with female offenders under some form of community corrections, be it probation or parole, should read this report. "The current study focuses attention on a previously understudied topic – transportation deprivation in women offenders. This is a timely and important endeavor given the scale of mass incarceration, number of women on probation and parole, and the numerous barriers women with a criminal record face" (p. ii). Chapters cover: introduction—problem statement and study s... Read More

118 pages
Document 028390
Measuring and Using Juvenile Recidivism Data to Inform Policy, Practice, and Resource Allocation
By Walsh, Nastassia; Weber, Josh. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"To understand to what extent states currently track recidivism data for youth involved in the juvenile justice system and use that information to inform policy and funding decisions, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, The Pew Charitable Trusts’ Public Safety Performance Project, and the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators surveyed juvenile correctional agencies in all 50 states. This issue brief highlights the key findings of the survey and provides state and local pol... Read More
16 pages
Document 028412
Measuring Juvenile Recidivism: Data Collection and Reporting Practices in Juvenile Corrections
By Gelb, Adam; Adams, Benjamin. Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC); Council of States Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY); Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators (CJCA) (Braintree, MA).
"Reducing recidivism is a key indicator of success for juvenile corrections agencies." This interactive map is an excellent resource for finding out about juvenile offender recidivism across the United States. Information provided for each responding state shows its definition of recidivism (measure(s) of reoffending, length of follow up, and whether offenders are followed in to the criminal justice system), how performance (recidivism) is measured (compare to previous year release cohorts, and ... Read More
Document 028228
Reducing Recidivism: States Deliver Results
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments (CSG). Justice Center (New York, NY).
This report is a great resource for those people looking for ideas on how to reduce statewide recidivism. It is highly worthwhile due to its data being current, coming from a diverse group of states, and showing that states can significantly reduce their recidivism rates. The statistics presented in this publication come from eight states – Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Wisconsin. A section is provided for each state that shows th... Read More
24 pages
Document 028168
Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010
By Durose, Matthew R.; Cooper, Alexia D.; Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[e]xamines the 5-year post-release offending patterns of persons released from state prisons in 2005 by offender characteristics, prior criminal history, and commitment offense. It provides estimates on the number and types of crimes former inmates commit both prior to their imprisonment and after release. The report includes different measures of recidivism, including a new arrest, court adjudication, conviction, and incarceration for either a new sentence or a technical violation.... Read More
31 pages
Document 028437
Improving Recidivism as a Performance Measure
By King, Ryan; Elderbroom, Brian. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
"Performance measurement—establishing metrics for success and assessing results—is a crucial first step in making informed decisions in all areas of government, including criminal justice policy. Understanding the outcomes of funding and policy decisions is critical to improving government performance and providing the best return on taxpayer investments … Recidivism, the most commonly used definition of correctional success, is one example of a performance measure that many states use. Broadly ... Read More
13 pages
Document 027089
Webinar: The Recidivism Reduction Checklists: A Resource for State Leaders and Corrections Agencies
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
“Three checklists are introduced during this webinar, each tailored to distinct audiences: 1) Executive and Legislative Policymakers; 2) State Corrections Administrators; 3) State Reentry Coordinators. During this webinar a distinguished panel of state corrections directors, policy staff, and state reentry coordinators discussed the content of the checklists, as well as ways that state corrections administrators and their staff can use the checklists to bolster recidivism reduction efforts withi... Read More
9 minutes + 37 pages
Document 027548
Predicting Recidivism Risk: New Tool in Philadelphia Shows Great Promise
By Ritter, Nancy. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As ever-increasing numbers of offenders are supervised in the community — witness the massive “realignment” of prisoners in California — parole and probation departments must find the balance between dwindling dollars and the lowest possible risk to public safety. The good news is that researchers and officials in Philadelphia, Pa., believe they have developed a tool that helps find that balance” (p. 4). This article explains how your jurisdiction can use a random forest risk-forecasting tool. ... Read More
10 pages
Document 026928
Extension of Current Estimates of Redemption Times: Robustness Testing, Out–of-State Arrests, and Racial Differences
By Blumstein, Alfred; Nakamura, Kiminori. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
“As information technology has increased the accessibility of criminal-history records, and concern for negligent-hiring lawsuits has grown, criminal background checking has become an important part of the hiring process for most employers. As a result, there is a growing concern that a large number of individuals are handicapped in finding employment because of a stale criminal-history record. The current study is an extension of a NIJ-funded project intended to provide the empirical estimates ... Read More
114 pages
Document 024981
State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons
Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
Anyone concerned with keeping ex-offenders out of prison or jail, be they correctional professionals or concerned community members, should read this publication. “This report seeks to elevate the public discussion about recidivism, prompting policy makers and the public to dig more deeply into the factors that impact rates of return to prison, and into effective strategies for reducing them” (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—recidivism as a performance measure, o... Read More
42 pages
Document 026127
The Effects of Prison Visitation on Offender Recidivism
Minnesota Dept. of Corrections (St. Paul, MN).
The influence visitation has on the recidivism of visited prisoners is examined. Sections of this report include: research summary; introduction; prison visitation policies; reentry and social support; prison visitation research; methodology; results for descriptive statistics, impact of visitation on time to first felony reconviction, impact of visitation on time to first revocation, and impact of inmate-visitor relationship on time to first reconviction; conclusion; and implications for correc... Read More
41 pages
Document 024402
6 Evidence-Based Practices Proven to Lower Recidivism: Learning to Trust the Research
By Hooley, Doug. CorrectionsOne.com (San Francisco, CA).
If you are concerned about recidivism, this article is for you. The author explains how six integrated practices will lower your recidivism rates. These are: risk/needs assessment; individual motivators; target the appropriate intervention; rewire the brain; increase positive reinforcement; and ongoing support.... Read More
4 p.
Document 024304
Programs that Help Offenders Stay Out of Prison
By Nink, Carl; MacDonald, Steve. MTC Institute (Centerville, UT).
This report is required reading for any agency seeking to develop effective education and/or substance abuse programming. Sections of this publication include: introduction; current conditions—the prison population is growing despite decrease in crime; effective correctional programming; education provides opportunities; education impacts recidivism; effective educational program principles; substance abuse programs save tax dollars; effective substance abuse treatment program principles; eviden... Read More
22 p.
Document 022943
What Works: Effective Recidivism Reduction and Risk-Focused Prevention Programs: A Compendium of Evidence-Based Options for Preventing New and Persistent Criminal Behavior
By Przybylski, Roger. Colorado Division of Criminal Justice. Office of Adult and Juvenile Assistance (Denver, CO); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). RKC Group (Lakewood, CO).
"This report identifies and describes interventions that are effective in reducing recidivism and preventing crime" (p. 1). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; the evidence-based concept and its application; method; incarceration and its impact on crime; effective recidivism reduction programs -- education and vocational, substance abuse treatment, drug courts, sex offender treatment, mental health, cognitive-behavioral, and juvenile offender; effective early prevention p... Read More
144 p.
Document 022394
Assessing the Utility of Risk Assessment Tools and Personality Measures in the Prediction of Violent Recidivism for Adult Offenders
By Campbell, Mary Ann; French, Sheila; Gendreau, Paul. Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada (Ottawa, Ontario).
The validity and utility of various instruments used for predicting violent risk are assessed. Sections following an executive summary are: introduction; methods and procedures; results -- description of database, predictive validities of risk measures for institutional violence and violent recidivism, comparison of effect sizes by generation of risk instrument, and comparisons based on the static versus dynamic content of the instrument, measure administration method, and instrument relevance ... Read More
47 p.
Document 023358
Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Recidivism: Implications for State Judiciaries
By Warren, Roger K.. National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). Crime and Justice Institute (Boston, MA); National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC).
The reduction of recidivism by state judiciaries utilizing six principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) is explained. Seven sections follow an executive summary: introduction; current state sentencing policies and their consequences; drug courts -- the state judiciary's successful experiment with EBP; the principles of EBP; local sentencing and corrections policy reforms; state sentencing and corrections policy reforms; and conclusion. "[C]arefully targeted rehabilitation and treatment progr... Read More
77 p.
Document 020300
Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, Winter 2005
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This Large Jail Network meeting took place January 30-February 1, 2005, in Longmont, Colorado. Contents of these proceedings include: NICs Core Competency Model Project: Preparing Leaders in Corrections for the Future by Robert Brown; Training as a Strategic Management Tool by Tom Reid; Legal Issues and Mentally Ill Inmates by Bill Collins; Mental Health Services in Jails: Identifying Problems by Joel A. Dvoskin; Informal Announcements by David Parrish; Mental Health Issues: Open Forum Discussio... Read More
67 p.
Document 016965
Recidivism of Sex Offenders
By Bynum, Tim. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Justice Programs (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC); State Justice Institute (Alexa. Center for Sex Offender Management (Silver Spring, MD).
The potential for commission of subsequent offenses by sex offenders is examined. This report looks at the following issues: measurement of sex offender recidivism; factors associated with recidivism; review of studies concerning rapists, child molesters, and probationers; synthesis of recidivism studies; impact of interventions on recidivism -- treatment, juvenile treatment research, supervision, and evaluating the effects; implications for sex offender management; and concluding remarks.... Read More
20 p.
Document 007808
Does Sentencing Felony Probationers to Community Service Affect Recidivism and Economic Sanction Compliance?: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study
By Wheeler, Gerald R.; Rudolph, Amy S.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Harris County Adult Probation Dept. (Houston, TX).
Findings show that a higher percentage of persons sentenced to unpaid community service successfully terminated probation during the study period and paid higher restitution fees. The cost effectiveness of community service sentencing is presented, and guidelines for this form of restitution are discussed. (Abstract). Includes bibliography.... Read More
22 p.
Document 002663
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Final Report
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
89 p.
Document 002664
Success on Parole: The Influence of Self-Reported Attitudes, Experiences and Background Characteristics on the Parole Behaviors of Youthful Offenders, Staff Summary
By Wiederanders, Mark R.. National Institute of Corrections NWashington, DC). California Dept. of the Youth Authority (Sacramento, CA).
... Read More
23 p.
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