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Date Title Type
2013
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The State of Sentencing 2012: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“State lawmakers in at least 24 states adopted 41 criminal justice policies that in 2012 may contribute to downscaling prison populations and eliminating barriers to reentry while promoting effective approaches to public safety. This report provides an overview of recent policy reforms in the areas of sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice” (p. 1). Some of the sentencing changes involve relaxed mandatory minimums, the death penalty, sentence modification... Read More
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26 pages
2013
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The State of Sentencing 2012: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
“State lawmakers in at least 24 states adopted 41 criminal justice policies that in 2012 may contribute to downscaling prison populations and eliminating barriers to reentry while promoting effective approaches to public safety. This report provides an overview of recent policy reforms in the areas of sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice” (p. 1). Some of the sentencing changes involve relaxed mandatory minimums, the death penalty, sentence modification... Read More
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26 pages
2013
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The Green Corrections Project: Action Plans and Lessons Learned
By Davidson, Stephanie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This report is a great description of the three-phase Green Corrections project, sponsored by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). The following sections comprise this publication: overview of the project; “The Greening of Corrections: Creating a Sustainable System”—the publication and its dissemination; developing a community of practice and providing technical assistance to states; application process; Maryland, Minnesota, and Washington addressing a different technical assistance need... Read More
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6 pages
2013
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The Green Corrections Project: Action Plans and Lessons Learned
By Davidson, Stephanie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This report is a great description of the three-phase Green Corrections project, sponsored by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). The following sections comprise this publication: overview of the project; “The Greening of Corrections: Creating a Sustainable System”—the publication and its dissemination; developing a community of practice and providing technical assistance to states; application process; Maryland, Minnesota, and Washington addressing a different technical assistance need... Read More
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6 pages
2012
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Under the Penal Gaze: An Empirical Examination of Penal Consciousness Among Prison Inmates
By Sexton, Lori. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
'This dissertation develops a new theoretical framework that examines the ways in which prisoners orient to and make meaning of their punishment in order to more fully understand the nature of penality writ large. The framework, which I call penal consciousness, moves beyond the limited, objective view of punishment as legal sanction to a more expansive view of penality that privileges subjectivity and meaning' (p. xiii). Chapters comprising this dissertation are: introduction, literature review... Read More
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217 pages
2012
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Can a Faith-Based Prison Reduce Recidivism
By Johnson, Byron R..
The use of the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI) in Texas prisons is evaluated. This program appears to be a promising strategy for promoting prosocial behavior. 'IFI is a Christ-centered, Bible-based prison program that supports and encourages inmates through a process of spiritual and moral transformation, which begins while they are incarcerated and continues after release' (p. 61). The program has three phases: two while in prison lasting 16-24 months and an aftercare phase of 6 to 12 mon... Read More
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3 pages
2012
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Mass Incarceration and the "Degree of Civilization"
By Strutin, Ken. LLRX.com.
''The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons.' Thus the remarkable rise and preeminence of the United States as the world leader in incarceration has inspired intense study of this punishment by many academic disciplines, public interest institutions and government agencies. This article focuses on a small portion of recent and notable publications from these sources along with a list of current awareness sites' (p. 1). This bibliography is a great place to sta... Read More
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15 pages
2012
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How to Calculate the Cost of a Youth Arrest: Fiscal Policy Center Toolkit
By Chaidez, Julius C.. National Juvenile Justice Network. Fiscal Policy Center (Washington, DC).
The determination of costs associated with a juvenile being arrested at the point of arrest is explained. The process of calculating these costs is comprised of five steps: locating budget information; identifying law enforcement salaries, benefits, support, and overhead costs; identifying the number of full-time employee; determining the average hours needed to arrest a youth; and doing the math. ... Read More
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13 pages
2012
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The Unique Innovative Role of Information Technology in Advancing Health Care Solutions for Incarcerated Women
By Cook, Ces’. Business Computer Applications (BCA) (Atlanta, GA).
The impact of health information technology on health care provided to incarcerated females is examined. Sections following an abstract address: facts about the over-incarceration of women; characteristics of incarcerated women; reproductive health of incarcerated females; substance abuse and mental health problems; classification, collaboration, and screening; policy framework to strengthen community corrections; variability and information technology; adoption of health ; information technolo... Read More
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15 pages
2012
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Manual for the Guidance of Inmates: Women’s Prison Version: 2012 Edition
New Hampshire Dept. of Corrections (Concord, NH).
“This manual has been designed to help you [the inmate] understand what is required of you during your stay at a New Hampshire Department of Corrections (NH DOC) facility. This manual contains information essential to your well being and should be studied carefully” (p. 1). It is divided into seven parts: getting started--quarantine, classification, and restitution; settling in—counts, inmate appearance, opportunities, living areas, communication with staff, problem solving steps, personal and s... Read More
PDF
70 pages
2012
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Manual for the Guidance of Inmates: Women’s Prison Version: 2012 Edition
New Hampshire Dept. of Corrections (Concord, NH).
“This manual has been designed to help you [the inmate] understand what is required of you during your stay at a New Hampshire Department of Corrections (NH DOC) facility. This manual contains information essential to your well being and should be studied carefully” (p. 1). It is divided into seven parts: getting started--quarantine, classification, and restitution; settling in—counts, inmate appearance, opportunities, living areas, communication with staff, problem solving steps, personal and s... Read More
PDF
70 pages
2012
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A Reentry Education Model: Supporting Education and Career Advancement for Low-Skill Individuals In Corrections
By Tolbert, Michelle. U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Vocational and Adult Education (Washington, DC). MPR Associates, Inc. (Berkeley, CA).
This report describes the “development of a correctional education reentry model illustrating an education continuum to bridge the gap between prison and community-based education and training programs. The goal of this model is to en­sure that offenders can gain the knowledge and skills needed to obtain long-term, living-wage employment, and transition successfully out of the corrections sys­tem. It is based on a review of research studies and feedback from a panel of ex­perts, including practi... Read More
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36 pages
2012
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A Reentry Education Model: Supporting Education and Career Advancement for Low-Skill Individuals In Corrections
By Tolbert, Michelle. U.S. Dept. of Education. Office of Vocational and Adult Education (Washington, DC). MPR Associates, Inc. (Berkeley, CA).
This report describes the “development of a correctional education reentry model illustrating an education continuum to bridge the gap between prison and community-based education and training programs. The goal of this model is to en­sure that offenders can gain the knowledge and skills needed to obtain long-term, living-wage employment, and transition successfully out of the corrections sys­tem. It is based on a review of research studies and feedback from a panel of ex­perts, including practi... Read More
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36 pages
2012
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Correcting Race and Gender: Prison Regulation of Social Hierarchy Through Dress
By Arkles, Gabriel.
'This Article examines the enforcement of racialized gender norms through the regulation of dress in prisons. Dress, including hair and clothing, is central to the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms based on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability. For many people, dress is a way to express identity, exercise autonomy, practice religion, participate politically, experience pleasure, preserve health, and... Read More
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80 pages
2012
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Correcting Race and Gender: Prison Regulation of Social Hierarchy Through Dress
By Arkles, Gabriel.
'This Article examines the enforcement of racialized gender norms through the regulation of dress in prisons. Dress, including hair and clothing, is central to the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms based on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability. For many people, dress is a way to express identity, exercise autonomy, practice religion, participate politically, experience pleasure, preserve health, and... Read More
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80 pages
2012
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A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
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37 pages
2012
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A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
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37 pages
2012
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Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
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Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
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Realigning Justice Resources: A Review of Population and Spending Shifts in Prison and Community Corrections
By Subramanian, Ram; Tublitz, Rebecca. Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States. Public Safety Performance Project (Washington, DC).
This study 'demonstrated that there is not always a discernible relationship between population and spend'ing shifts from one part of the system to another. Policy changes that aim to cut spending on prisons do not necessarily have the expected impact on community corrections populations or spending. Larger fiscal realities, other legislative changes, and factors outside of policymakers' control can upset predictions of a policy's impact' (p. 2). Sections contained in this report include: introd... Read More
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36 pages
2012
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CJ Treatment Forms
Texas Christian University. Institute of Behavioral Research (xxx).
'TCU assessments for treatment in correctional (Criminal Justice) settings are included in this section. They include adaptations of forms originally used in community settings (based on the DATAR project) as well as assessments designed as part of the TCU Criminal Justice projects, beginning in 1994, for assessing needs and progress of offenders. Emphasis has been on offender needs and problem severity at intake to the CJ system, as well as continued psychosocial functioning and therapeutic e... Read More
WEB
2012
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United Nations Rules on the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders (The Bangkok Rules): Guidance Document|Working Document (for feed-back)
By Atabay, Tomris. Penal Reform International (PRI) (London, England); Thailand Institute of Justice (Bangkok, Thailand); Great Britain. Department for International Development DFID). UK Aid (London, England).
“The adoption of the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules) represents an important step forward in recognising the gender specific needs of women in the criminal justice system and providing the standards that should be applied in the treatment of such women. The Bangkok Rules are also the first international instrument which specifically addresses the issue of the children of women prisoners. The challenge th... Read More
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124 pages
2012
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Boxed In: The True Cost of Extreme Isolation in New York’s Prisons
By Kim, Scarlet; Pendergrass, Taylor; Zelon, Helen; Lieberman, Donna; Eisenberg, Art; Dunn, Christopher. New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLA) (New York, NY).
“The New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) uses the term “extreme isolation” throughout this report to capture New York’s particular practice of subjecting one or two prisoners in a cell to the conditions most commonly understood as “solitary confinement” … The NYCLU set out to investigate New York’s use of extreme isolation. We explored the history that led to the emergence and expansion of the practice in New York. We asked who New York subjects to extreme isolation, for what reasons, and for... Read More
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72 pages
2012
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Addressing Women’s Victimization Histories in Custodial Settings
By Stathopoulos, Mary; Quadara, Antonia; Fileborn, Bianca; Clark, Haley. Australian Institute of Family Studies. Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault (ACSSA) (Melbourne, VIC).
“This paper explores the prison as a possible site of re-traumatization. The reasoning behind this is that prisons are built on an ethos of power, surveillance and control, yet trauma sufferers require safety in order to begin healing. A trauma-informed approach may offer an alternative to delivering a less traumatic prison environment and experience for female criminal offenders with a history of sexual abuse and assault” (p. 1). Sections following key messages include: introduction; the profil... Read More
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20 pages
2012
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Addressing Women’s Victimization Histories in Custodial Settings
By Stathopoulos, Mary; Quadara, Antonia; Fileborn, Bianca; Clark, Haley. Australian Institute of Family Studies. Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault (ACSSA) (Melbourne, VIC).
“This paper explores the prison as a possible site of re-traumatization. The reasoning behind this is that prisons are built on an ethos of power, surveillance and control, yet trauma sufferers require safety in order to begin healing. A trauma-informed approach may offer an alternative to delivering a less traumatic prison environment and experience for female criminal offenders with a history of sexual abuse and assault” (p. 1). Sections following key messages include: introduction; the profil... Read More
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20 pages
2012
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Veterans Treatment Court Resources
Justice for Vets (Justice4Vets) (Alexandria, VA).
Information regarding Veteran Treatment Courts (VTCs) can be found on this website. 'Veteran Treatment Courts hold veterans accountable to themselves and to the community ' The Veterans Treatment Court model requires regular court appearances (a bi-weekly minimum in the early phases of the program), as well as mandatory attendance at treatment sessions and frequent and random testing for substance use (drug and/or alcohol). Veterans respond favorably to this structured environment given their p... Read More
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2012
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Performance Incentive Funding: Aligning Fiscal and Operational Responsibility to Produce More Safety at Less Cost
Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Sentencing and Corrections (New York, NY); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the States (Washington, DC); Metropolis Strategies (Chicago, IL).
'With PIF [performance incentive funding], agencies or localities receive a financial reward for delivering fewer prison commitments through reduced recidivism and revocations that, in turn, must be reinvested into evidence-based programs in the community' (p. 2). This report explains how an agency can design and implement a PIF program that reduces costs while ensuring public safety, a viable option for your locality. Sections of this report include: executive summary; introduction; the problem... Read More
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24 pages
2012
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Anger Management for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Clients: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Manual [and] Participant Workbook [Lesson Plan and Participant's Manual]|Revised [edition]
By Reilly, Patrick M.; Shopshire, Michael S.. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD).
'Despite the connection of anger and violence to substance abuse, few treatments have been developed to address anger and violence problems among people who abuse substances. Clinicians have found the dearth of treatment approaches for this important issue disheartening. To provide clinicians with tools to help deal with this important issue, the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration is pleased to present 'Anger Management for Subst... Read More
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2 volumes (volume 1 - 68 pages, volume 2 - 49 pages)
2012
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Psychopathy: An Important Forensic Concept for the 21st Century
By Babiak, Paul; Folino, Jorge; Hancock, Jeffrey; Hare, Robert D.; Logan, Matthew; Mayer, Elizabeth Leon; Meloy, J. Reid; Hakkanen-Nyholm, Helina; O'Toole, Mary Ellen; Pinizzotto, Anthony; Porter, Stephen; Smith, Sharon; Woodworth, Michael.
This article provides a great portrait of who a psychopath is. It covers: psychopathy and personality disorder; traits and characteristics; chameleons and predators; myth busting; presence in society; assessment tool; victims; and concluding remarks. 'Psychopathy has been described as the single most important clinical construct in the criminal justice system. More recently, it is considered 'the most important forensic concept of the early 21st century.' Because of its relevance to law enforcem... Read More
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6 pages
2011
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Surviving Prison in California: Advice By and For Transgender Women|First Edition
TGI (Transgender Gender Variant Intersex) Justice (San Francisco, CA).
'This guide was created because trans women imprisoned in the SF [San Francisco] jails expressed a need for detailed information about going to prison or back to prison after not having been there in a long time' (p. 1). This guide is not only extremely valuable for trans women but for those working with them. Being aware of the issues impacting trans women will make it much easier to understand and effectively manage this population. Information and tips are provided for housing and classificat... Read More
WEB
10 pages
2011
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Issues to Consider When Facilitating Groups with Battered Women in Jail or Prison
By Bible, Andrea. National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women (NCDBW) (Philadelphia, PA).
“This resource is for advocates in community-based anti-domestic violence organizations who are thinking of starting a group for battered women incarcerated in jail, state prison, or federal prison, and for advocates currently facilitating groups in these setting. The issues and topics explored have emerged from a review of writings by group facilitators, sample curricula, and academic research; conversations with group facilitators; and work with incarcerated women over the years. While many of... Read More
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59 pages
2011
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Good Practice in Women's Prisons: A Literature Review
By Bartels, Lorana; Gaffney, Antonette. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, ACT).
Individuals wanting to keep abreast of best practices in women’s prisons will find this report useful. While it focuses on prisons for women in Australia, it also covers developments in the United States, Canada, and Denmark. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; recent developments in corrections policies for female prisoners; women’s prison systems and architecture; women’s prison system management and operation; corrections programs for women; security issues and clas... Read More
WEB
92 pages
2010
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Victimization and Help-Seeking Behaviors among Female Prisoners in Illinois
By Reichert, Jessica; Adams, Sharyn; Bostwick, Lindsay. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority (Chicago, IL).
People who work with female offenders need to read this report. It provides a glimpse into an area of a woman prisoner’s life that is not often talked about and which can impact how she relates to those around her and inmate management practices. Sections following an executive summary include: introduction; literature review; methodology; findings according to study sample characteristics, criminal history, substance use, lifetime victimization, emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, me... Read More
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64 p.
2008
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Achieving Accurate Pictures of Risk and Identifying Gender Responsive Needs: Two New Assessments for Women Offenders
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The development of new risk/needs assessments specifically designed for female offenders is discussed. This report is comprised of these sections:
  • The case for women's needs;
  • Development of new assessments;
  • Construction validation research;
  • Full instruments;
  • Implementation considerations;
  • Obtaining the gender-responsive assessments;
  • And conclusion.
... Read More
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26 p.
2008
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Mentoring Women in Reentry
By Villanueva, Chandra; de Souza, Keita. Women's Prison Association and Home, Inc. Institute on Women and Criminal Justice (New York, NY).
"This Practice Brief focuses on the benefits of establishing healthy social and civic connections through mentoring of criminal justice-involved women" (p. 3). Sections contained in this publication include: issue overview; what mentoring is; mentoring and gender; policy and legislation; the WPA (Women's Prison Association) approach to mentoring women in reentry; other mentoring programs; and challenges in implementing mentoring programs.... Read More
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10 p.
2008
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Prison Staffing Analysis: A Training Manual with Staffing Considerations for Special Populations
By Camp, Camille Graham; Hardyman, Patricia L.; May, Robert; Camp, Camp, George E.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This manual provides guidance that “will enable an agency staffing administrator to set up an agency staffing analysis unit and produce a staffing analysis report for an entire agency” (p.xi). Chapters contained in this publication are: introduction -- correctional staffing issues; securing staff deployment policy; two models for managing the security staffing function; agency staffing unit; basic tasks of a staffing analysis; orchestrating the staffing analysis; agency and facility characterist... Read More
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232 p.
2004
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Objective Prison Classification: A Guide for Correctional Agencies
By Austin, James; Hardyman, Patricia L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC).
The current state of the art in prison classification is reviewed. Seven chapters follow an executive summary; introduction; a brief history of objective prison classification; what is objective prison classification; effective strategies -- guidelines for implementing classification systems; evaluations of prison classification systems; classification of women prisoners; and other special topics and issues in classification. ... Read More
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78 p.
2004
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Developing Gender-Specific Classification Systems for Women Offenders
By Hardyman, Patricia L.; Van Voorhis, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC); University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
A report which highlights the results of two cooperative agreements from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) addressing the critical need for gender-specific objective classification systems is presented.  Following an executive summary are six chapters: introduction; classification issues for women offenders--the literature; NIC Prisons Division--womens classification initiatives (e.g., National Assessment of Current Practices for Classifying Women Offenders and Working With Correc... Read More
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81 p.
2003
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Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders
By Bloom, Barbara; Owen, Barbara; Covington, Stephanie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Guidance for those individuals "seeking to more effectively respond to the behavior and circumstances of the female offender" is offered (p. iv). An executive summary and the following four chapters comprise this manual: characteristics of women in the criminal justice system -- a descriptive summary; women offenders and criminal justice practice; the context of women's lives -- a multidisciplinary review of research and theory; and a new vision -- guiding principles for a gender-responsive cri... Read More
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133 p.
2002
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Staffing Analysis for Women's Prisons and Special Prison Populations
By Harding, B.G.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Results from an examination of "staffing analysis processes and staffing outcomes in prisons or units housing three inmate populations" are presented (p. 1). Sections of this report include: project method; key findings; themes in staffing and staffing analysis; methods and outcomes; staffing for mentally ill populations; staffing for medical needs populations; staffing for women's facilities; and conclusion. The same formal staffing analysis process used for the male general population is utili... Read More
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12 p.
2001
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Validation and Refinement of Objective Prison Classification Systems for Women: The Experience of Four States and Common Themes
By Hardyman, Patricia L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC).
An evaluation of the efforts of four states in revising their objective classification for female inmates is provided. Four sections comprise this report: introduction; project goals and tasks; description of the four states' women classification initiatives -- West Virginia Division of Corrections, Idaho Department of Corrections, Wisconsin Department of Corrections, and Florida Department of Corrections; and common themes and lessons learned -- use the current instruments and override the scor... Read More
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41 p.
2001
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Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices and the Experiences of Three States
By Van Voorhis, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
The development of improved strategies for classifying female offenders is addressed. Sections of this report include:
  • Issues in classifying women offenders -- the literature review;
  • National assessment of current female offender classification practices;
  • Focus groups with corrections professionals and women offenders;
  • Directions for technical assistance (TA);
  • TA -- Hawaii Department of Public Safety;
  • TA -- Nebraska Department of Correctional Services; Read More
PDF
55 p.
2001
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Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Presser, Lois. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Division of Criminal Justice (Cincinnati, OH); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Findings from a telephone assessment of state and federal practices for classifying women offenders are presented. In addition to an executive summary, this report has the following chapters:
  • Introduction;
  • Issues in classifying women offenders -- the literature;
  • Approach;
  • Findings;
  • And discussion.
Most states still apply a male-based classification system to women.... Read More
PDF
34 p.
1999
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Cross-Sex Pat Search Practices: Findings from NIC Telephone Research
LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO) National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
Findings of this telephone survey indicate that in prisons of six states (Connecticut, Kansas, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, and the Muncy facility in Pennsylvania) and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBP) cross-sex pat searches of women are performed routinely. Most of the 49 states (Alaska was not contacted) report that same sex or cross-sex pat searches of women are done only in an emergency. In many men's institutions, the practice is different. They report having a split policy in which... Read More
PDF
3 p.
1998
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Current Issues in the Operation of Women's Prisons
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Longmont, CO).
Focusing on secure facilities housing only adult female offenders, this report provides information on the names and locations of such facilities, the number of women housed at each facility, staffing ratios and the gender breakdown of staff, the availability of specialized training for staff, and programs and policies specific to female inmates.... Read More
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17 p.
1995
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Massachusetts Department of Correction Female Offender Objective Classification Technical Assistance Project: Final Report
By Forcier, Michael W.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Massachusetts Dept. of Correction (Boston, MA).
This report summarizes the development of a classification system specific to the security, custody and programmatic needs of female offenders in the Massachusetts Department of Correction. The report includes the data collection instrument, an explanation of the sampling strategy, study results and a discussion of these results. The appendices include recommendations for the design of a classification system, a breakdown of the study's data, and distribution of maladjustment scores.... Read More
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42 p.
1991
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Classification of Women Offenders in State Correctional Facilities: A Handbook for Practitioners
By Burke, Peggy; Adams, Linda. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). COSMOS Corp. (Washington, DC).
Based upon a survey of forty-eight state correctional agencies and intensive study in four states. Part I presents the results of a review of current classification practices with respect to women, and defines the issues emerging in current practice. Part II provides specific guidance for correctional agencies in assessing their own classification practices as they affect women and in implementing changes to improve them. The appendices present vignettes on the four states that were ... Read More
PDF
122 p.
1989
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Design Considerations in the Building of Women's Prisons
By Carp, Scarlett V.; Davis, Joyce A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Seven women's correctional facilities were surveyed to identify design inadequacies and obtain information about the planning process for a women's facility. The first of four sections in this report addresses Research Findings, which include a brief literature review, a review of recent litigation involving women offenders and facility design, and research on the relationship between environment and behavior. Section two, The Planning Process, presents an overview of the steps and issues surrou... Read More
PDF
96 p.
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