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Date Title Type
Document 029996
Washington Corrections Center for Women TEDx Talks
Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) (Gig Harbor, WA).
This website provides access to TEDx videos given at the Washington Corrections Center for Women (WCCW) "Does Gender Matter" event on March 14, 2015. Topics range from the "Northern Cree Women's Honor Song" by the Broken Wing Center, "Tell Me You Don’t See" by Tiffany Williams, "Summon Your Courage" by Cathryn Cummings, "The Hard Stuff" by Felice Davis, "Judging Societie by Women's Prison" by Emily Salisbury, to "Coming to a Neighborhood Near Your" by Marriam Oliver". There are 21 talks.... Read More

Document 031303
Training Curriculum on Women and Imprisonment, Version 1.0
By Christian, Jeff; Barzano, Piera; Pfeiffer, Sven; Rodriguez, Maria Noel; Salah, Ehab; Granger-Brown, Alison; Saunier, Mona Chamass. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Justice Section (Vienna, Austria); Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (Lund, Sweden); Thailand Institute of Justice (TIJ) (Bangkok, Thailand).
"This training curriculum, together with the UNODC Handbook on Women and Imprisonment, aims to assist legislators, policymakers, prison managers, staff and non-governmental organizations to acquire knowledge and skills to address the gender-specific needs of women prisoners and to explore and utilize ways to reduce their unnecessary imprisonment, in line with the provisions of the Bangkok Rules" (p. 9). The twelve modules comprising this training program are: identifying the needs of women priso... Read More

102 pages
Document 031409
Enhancing Care for Childbearing Women and their Babies in Prison
By O'Keeffe, Caroline; Dixon, Lesley. Barrow Cadbury Trust (London, England). Sheffield Hallam University. Hallam Centre for Community Justice (Sheffield, England); Family Lives. Action for Prisoners' and Offenders Families (APOF) (Hatfield, England).
This report explains how mothers and their babies can benefit from being held in a prison-based Mother and Baby Unit (MBU). "All available research suggests that the struggles of childbearing women in prison are extremely complex. And whilst their babies represent a relatively small proportion of all children affected by maternal imprisonment, they are arguably the neediest and most vulnerable group. This report documents the findings of a collaborative research project … The project aimed to m... Read More

81 pages
Document 028107
Commentary: Abandoned: Abolishing Female Prisons to Prevent Sexual Abuse and Herald an End to Incarceration
By Frank, David W..
"Because the U.S. is unable to prevent widespread sexual violations of incarcerated women, it should apply the prescriptions of a recent U.K. female prison abolitionist movement as the most effective and humane solution to the problem." This article explains how. It is divided into the following six parts: introduction; victims of U.S. prisons; mass incarceration's offense; the terror of sexual victimization; PREA's [Prison Rape Elimination Act's] failure--the scope of PREA, and the ineffectiven... Read More
23 pages
Document 028318
Female Realignment Report: An Examination of Female Offenders Released from State Prison in the First Year of Public Safety Realignment
California Dept. of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR). Office of Research. Research and Evaluation Branch (Sacramento, CA).
"California’s Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011 transferred jurisdiction and funding for managing lower-level criminal offenders from the State to the counties. Under Realignment, for example, certain lower level felons now serve their felony sentences in jail rather than prison. Realignment also changed California’s system of community corrections. Prior to Realignment, State parole agents supervised every female inmate released from prison, and parole violators could be revoked to State pr... Read More
36 pages
Document 029605
Women in the Criminal Justice System: Towards a Non-Custodial Approach
By Quinlan, Christina; Mulcahy, Jane; Costello, Liza, editor. Irish Prison Reform Trust (IPRT) (Dublin, Ireland).
"The past decade has seen dramatic changes in relation to the profile of women in prison in Ireland, one of the most profound being the doubling of the numbers of women imprisoned. Unfortunately, such changes have not been accompanied by advancements in the way in which the criminal justice system deals with women offenders. On the contrary, the conditions for many women prisoners in Ireland have deteriorated, while community-based alternatives for women offenders remain underexplored" (p. 2). T... Read More
24 pages
Document 028102
And Boys Too: Needed: A Spotlight on Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Boys
By Friedman, Sara Ann. ECPAT-USA (Brooklyn, NY).
Very little attention has been given to the commercial exploitation of boys (CSEB). This study aims to fill the serious gap in the knowledge of the widespread problems associated with CSEB. Topics covered in this report include: contributing factors to why CSE boys and young men are not getting identified or served; male sex workers seem to have more agency and choice compared to females; there is an unexpectedly large number of CSEB; high rates of sexual abuse in home are directly related to se... Read More
20 pages
Document 023530
Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving Security in Women's Facilities
By Owen, Barbara; Wells, James; Pollock, Joycelyn; Muscat, Bernadette; Torres, Stephanie. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
"In response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA), this project . . . examined the context and correlates of both violence and safety in correctional facilities for women" (p. 1). This report is divided into three parts after an abstract and executive summary: Part I, entitled "Gendered Violence and Safety: Improving Security in Women's Facilities," contains the chapters introduction, literature review, gendered violence in women's prisons and jails, and policy implications and re... Read More
441 p.
Document 022667
Prison Staffing Analysis: A Training Manual with Staffing Considerations for Special Populations
By Camp, Camille Graham; Hardyman, Patricia L.; May, Robert; Camp, Camp, George E.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This manual provides guidance that “will enable an agency staffing administrator to set up an agency staffing analysis unit and produce a staffing analysis report for an entire agency” (p.xi). Chapters contained in this publication are: introduction -- correctional staffing issues; securing staff deployment policy; two models for managing the security staffing function; agency staffing unit; basic tasks of a staffing analysis; orchestrating the staffing analysis; agency and facility characterist... Read More
232 p.
Document 022844
Achieving Accurate Pictures of Risk and Identifying Gender Responsive Needs: Two New Assessments for Women Offenders
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Salisbury, Emily; Wright, Emily; Bauman, Ashley. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
The development of new risk/needs assessments specifically designed for female offenders is discussed. This report is comprised of these sections:
  • The case for women's needs;
  • Development of new assessments;
  • Construction validation research;
  • Full instruments;
  • Implementation considerations;
  • Obtaining the gender-responsive assessments;
  • And conclusion.
... Read More
26 p.
Document 023402
Mentoring Women in Reentry
By Villanueva, Chandra; de Souza, Keita. Women's Prison Association and Home, Inc. Institute on Women and Criminal Justice (New York, NY).
"This Practice Brief focuses on the benefits of establishing healthy social and civic connections through mentoring of criminal justice-involved women" (p. 3). Sections contained in this publication include: issue overview; what mentoring is; mentoring and gender; policy and legislation; the WPA (Women's Prison Association) approach to mentoring women in reentry; other mentoring programs; and challenges in implementing mentoring programs.... Read More
10 p.
Document 019319
Objective Prison Classification: A Guide for Correctional Agencies
By Austin, James; Hardyman, Patricia L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC).
The current state of the art in prison classification is reviewed. Seven chapters follow an executive summary; introduction; a brief history of objective prison classification; what is objective prison classification; effective strategies -- guidelines for implementing classification systems; evaluations of prison classification systems; classification of women prisoners; and other special topics and issues in classification. ... Read More
78 p.
Document 018931
Developing Gender-Specific Classification Systems for Women Offenders
By Hardyman, Patricia L.; Van Voorhis, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC); University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH); National Institute of Corrections. Prisons Division (Washington, DC).
A report which highlights the results of two cooperative agreements from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) addressing the critical need for gender-specific objective classification systems is presented.  Following an executive summary are six chapters: introduction; classification issues for women offenders--the literature; NIC Prisons Division--womens classification initiatives (e.g., National Assessment of Current Practices for Classifying Women Offenders and Working With Correc... Read More
81 p.
Document 018017
Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders
By Bloom, Barbara; Owen, Barbara; Covington, Stephanie. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Guidance for those individuals "seeking to more effectively respond to the behavior and circumstances of the female offender" is offered (p. iv). An executive summary and the following four chapters comprise this manual: characteristics of women in the criminal justice system -- a descriptive summary; women offenders and criminal justice practice; the context of women's lives -- a multidisciplinary review of research and theory; and a new vision -- guiding principles for a gender-responsive cri... Read More
142 p.
Document 017501
Validation and Refinement of Objective Prison Classification Systems for Women: The Experience of Four States and Common Themes
By Hardyman, Patricia L.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). George Washington University. Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections (Washington, DC).
An evaluation of the efforts of four states in revising their objective classification for female inmates is provided. Four sections comprise this report: introduction; project goals and tasks; description of the four states' women classification initiatives -- West Virginia Division of Corrections, Idaho Department of Corrections, Wisconsin Department of Corrections, and Florida Department of Corrections; and common themes and lessons learned -- use the current instruments and override the scor... Read More
41 p.
Document 017502
Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices and the Experiences of Three States
By Van Voorhis, Patricia. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Center for Criminal Justice Research (Cincinnati, OH).
The development of improved strategies for classifying female offenders is addressed. Sections of this report include:
  • Issues in classifying women offenders -- the literature review;
  • National assessment of current female offender classification practices;
  • Focus groups with corrections professionals and women offenders;
  • Directions for technical assistance (TA);
  • TA -- Hawaii Department of Public Safety;
  • TA -- Nebraska Department of Correctional Services; Read More
55 p.
Document 017082
Classification of Women Offenders: A National Assessment of Current Practices
By Van Voorhis, Patricia; Presser, Lois. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). University of Cincinnati. Division of Criminal Justice (Cincinnati, OH); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Findings from a telephone assessment of state and federal practices for classifying women offenders are presented. In addition to an executive summary, this report has the following chapters:
  • Introduction;
  • Issues in classifying women offenders -- the literature;
  • Approach;
  • Findings;
  • And discussion.
Most states still apply a male-based classification system to women.... Read More
34 p.
Document 012453
Massachusetts Department of Correction Female Offender Objective Classification Technical Assistance Project: Final Report
By Forcier, Michael W.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Massachusetts Dept. of Correction (Boston, MA).
This report summarizes the development of a classification system specific to the security, custody and programmatic needs of female offenders in the Massachusetts Department of Correction. The report includes the data collection instrument, an explanation of the sampling strategy, study results and a discussion of these results. The appendices include recommendations for the design of a classification system, a breakdown of the study's data, and distribution of maladjustment scores.... Read More
42 p.
Document 011984
Indiana Department of Corrections Women Classification Study
By Austin, James; Chan, Luiza; Elms, William. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Council on Crime and Delinquency (San Francisco, CA).
This study evaluates the effect of the current Indiana Department of Corrections classification system on female inmates, with special emphasis on possible over-classification. It also assesses the specific needs and difficulties that female inmates experience during incarceration. Data presented compare male and female inmate classifications and examine female inmates' demographics, abuse history, children, and prison visitation. From this data, the report provides recommendations for adjusting... Read More
46 p.
Document 010662
Classification of Women Offenders in State Correctional Facilities: A Handbook for Practitioners
By Burke, Peggy; Adams, Linda. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). COSMOS Corp. (Washington, DC).
Based upon a survey of forty-eight state correctional agencies and intensive study in four states. Part I presents the results of a review of current classification practices with respect to women, and defines the issues emerging in current practice. Part II provides specific guidance for correctional agencies in assessing their own classification practices as they affect women and in implementing changes to improve them. The appendices present vignettes on the four states that were ... Read More
122 p.
Document 010783
Design Considerations in the Building of Women's Prisons
By Carp, Scarlett V.; Davis, Joyce A.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Seven women's correctional facilities were surveyed to identify design inadequacies and obtain information about the planning process for a women's facility. The first of four sections in this report addresses Research Findings, which include a brief literature review, a review of recent litigation involving women offenders and facility design, and research on the relationship between environment and behavior. Section two, The Planning Process, presents an overview of the steps and issues surrou... Read More
96 p.
Document 006511
Computer Aided Drafting and Automated Office systems Program, Purdy Corrections Center for Women: Final Report
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Tacoma Community College (Tacoma, WA); Washington State Dept. of Corrections, Office of Program Development (Olympia, WA).
The goal [of this program] was to assess, develop, revise and implement curriculum, provide training, and maintain systems necessary to upgrade female inmates' knowledge and skills in computer aided drafting and automated office skills to meet current employment standards of employability in industry. (p. 2) The title of the project is "Joint Vocational Training in Computer-Aided Drafting and Design and Automated Office Skills for Female Inmates."... Read More
82 p.
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