U.S. Department of Justice

Browsing Documents Related to 'Gender Identity Issues'

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Date Title Type
2014
Document 026518
LGBTI: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Offenders (Selected Resources for Criminal Justice Professionals)
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“This annotated bibliography has been developed in an effort to provide current and useful information to correctional agencies regarding the safe and respectful management of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) offenders. Relying on a best practices approach, this information will enable corrections staff to make better informed decisions about the safety, security, treatment and care of LGBTI offenders by providing academic, cultural and legal perspectives of the issues th... Read More
PDF
38 pages
2014
Document 027882
Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Toolkit: End the Abuse - Protecting LGBTI Prisoners from Sexual Assault
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY).
“A prison or jail sentence should never include sexual assault. On May 17, 2012, the Department of Justice released the final federal regulations implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). These regulations apply to federal, state and local correctional facilities and lock-ups and include key protections for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) individuals. Despite— or likely because of—the decade-long process leading up to the passage of the final regulations, much... Read More
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19 pages
2014
Document 027991
PREA and LGBTI Rights
By Schuster, Terry. American Jail Association (AJA) (Hagerstown, MD).
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) inmates are especially at-risk for sexual assault. The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) provides guidance for ensuring that LGBTI inmates do not become victims of sexual abuse and harassment. This article is an excellent explanation of the “basic protections [required by PREA] for LGBTI inmates that every juvenile and adult correctional system will need to put in place and offer some extra provisions they should adopt to become models o... Read More
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5 pages
2014
Document 027944
A Practitioner's Resource Guide: Helping Families to Support Their LGBT Children
By Ryan, Caitlin. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
This resource guide provides very important information for individuals helping families with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children involved with the juvenile justice system. Its intent is to help practitioners “understand the critical role of family acceptance and rejection in contributing to the health and well-being of adolescents who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender … [and] implement best practices in engaging and helping families and caregivers to support... Read More
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18 pages
2014
Document 027929
After 20 Years, Transgender Inmate Is A Step Closer To Surgery
By Smith, Tovia. NPR.org (Washington, DC).
This story presents a look into one of the most contentious decisions to impact the correctional field—the potential sex change surgery of Robert Kosilek, who is serving a life sentence for murdering his wife. The constitutional right of Kosilek for a gender reassignment surgery, not just hormone treatment, due to it being medically necessary is talked about. ... Read More
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4 minutes
2014
Document 027929
After 20 Years, Transgender Inmate Is A Step Closer To Surgery
By Smith, Tovia. NPR.org (Washington, DC).
This story presents a look into one of the most contentious decisions to impact the correctional field—the potential sex change surgery of Robert Kosilek, who is serving a life sentence for murdering his wife. The constitutional right of Kosilek for a gender reassignment surgery, not just hormone treatment, due to it being medically necessary is talked about. ... Read More
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4 minutes
2014
Document 027927
The State of Sentencing 2013: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
State level legislative changes to criminal justice policy during 2013 are highlighted. These 47 policy reforms made by 31 states impact sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice. “State sentencing reforms in 2013 continue trends that The Sentencing Project has documented for several legislative cycles. But despite the changes, there continues to be a great need to address the nation’s high rate of incarceration. The challenge now is to build on these gains ... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2014
Document 027927
The State of Sentencing 2013: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
State level legislative changes to criminal justice policy during 2013 are highlighted. These 47 policy reforms made by 31 states impact sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice. “State sentencing reforms in 2013 continue trends that The Sentencing Project has documented for several legislative cycles. But despite the changes, there continues to be a great need to address the nation’s high rate of incarceration. The challenge now is to build on these gains ... Read More
PDF
20 pages
2014
Document 028045
LGBTQ Youth and Status Offenses: Improving System Responses and Reducing Disproportionality
Coalition for Juvenile Justice/SOS Project (Washington, DC).
The application of the “National Standards for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses” (NIC accession no. 027712) is stressed. “The National Standards specifically call for all (LGBTQ) [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual. Transgender, and Questioning] youth to “receive fair treatment, equal access to services, and respect and sensitivity from all professionals and other youth in court, agency, service, school and placement’” (p. 1). ... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2014
Document 028072
How the Prison Rape Elimination Act Helps LGBT Immigrants in Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“Protection from sexual abuse in immigration detention is particularly important for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, individuals as they are among the most vulnerable to sexual abuse in confinement. DHS [Department of Homeland Security] introduced PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act] standards in early March to establish a “zero tolerance standard” for rape and to protect immigrants in detention facilities from sexual abuse. These standards are an important step toward protecting... Read More
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8 pages
2014
Document 028085
Beyond Bullying: How Hostile School Climate Perpetuates the School-to-Prison Pipeline for LGBT Youth
By Mitchum, Preston; Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent report explaining how “school climate has a profound impact on the mental, physical, and emotional health of LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] students and is a crucial factor in pushing these students out of school and into the juvenile justice system … Hostile school climate perpetuates higher rates of truancy, absenteeism, and dropping out for LGBT youth, heightening the risk of arrest for those students already particularly susceptible” (p. 6). LGBT youth ma... Read More
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39 pages
2014
Document 028084
LGBTQ Youth and Status Offenses: Improving System Responses and Reducing Disproportionality [Webinar]
By Pilnik, Lisa; Maril, Robin; Gilbert, Christina J.. Human Rights Campaign (HRC) (Washington, DC); Equity Project (n.p.); Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Washington, DC).
“Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth are twice as likely as other youth to be sent to a juvenile detention facility for committing “status offenses” such as truancy or running away from home. LGBTQ youth are also overrepresented in the juvenile justice system generally, and once in the system are more likely to be the target of abuse and violence, including at the hands of other youth. LGBTQ youth may also receive overly harsh punishments due to biased decision-maki... Read More
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59 minutes
2014
Document 028092
Standing with LGBT Prisoners: An Advocate’s Guide to Ending Abuse and Combating Imprisonment
By Marksamer, Jody; Tobin, Harper Jean. National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) (Washington, DC).
While this guide is intended for community activists, it provides correctional personnel with good information about issues related to LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) offenders.“This is a resource to help introduce LGBT and allied activists to a range of issues that affect LGBT people behind bars, and prepare you to advocate for policies that will protect the safety, health, and rights of all LGBT people who may find themselves imprisoned. The bulk of this toolkit is focused on ad... Read More
PDF
89 pages
2014
Document 027998
LGBTI Populations: Intake – Creating a Culture of Safety
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Good correctional practice includes applying principles of risk based classification to all adult and juvenile offenders while accounting for unique characteristics and concerns of LGBTI and gender non-conforming populations. To ensure a culture of safety, it is important to identify these individuals at intake. A culture of safety includes everyone understanding and practicing respectful, appropriate and professional language. Intake personnel function as the “gatekeepers” for correctional ... Read More
VIDEO
2014
Document 028143
Best Practices in the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women Under Correctional Custody
By King, Kristen. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). National Task Force on the Use of Restraints with Pregnant Women under Correctional Custody (Washington, DC); Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) (Silver Spring, MD).
These standards were developed to "articulate a set of principles to guide agencies and jurisdictions in the development of local policy and practice. These best practices are relevant across a variety of settings including criminal justice, juvenile justice, psychiatric and forensic hospitals, law enforcement transport, and others. This document refers and applies to both women (age 18 years and older) and girls (younger than age 18) who are pregnant, laboring and delivering, or in the post-par... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2014
Document 028161
“Take My License n’ All That Jive, I Can’t See?…?35”: Little Hope for the Future Encourages Offending Over Time
By Piquero, Alex R..
The relationship between a youth's expectations of early death (fatalism) and criminal behavior is examined. In particular, this seven-year study "examined the determinates of anticipated early death, the extent to which anticipated early death distinguished between distinct patterns of offending, and the potential mediating linkages between anticipated early death and distinct offending styles" (p. 20). Sections of this article include: introduction-- prior research on anticipated early death, ... Read More
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27 pages
2014
Document 028163
NIC Services in Managing Justice-Involved Women
By Buell, Maureen.
While the use of evidence-based practice (EBP) is being used by more and more correctional systems, EBP tend to primarily address the needs of men. Issues specific to females are often overlooked. This void can be filled with gender-specific programming and services. The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is a great resource for information about gender-responsive topics. This article provides a glimpse at the various things NIC offers. Some of these assets are technical assistance, trainin... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2014
Document 028171
Responding to Sexual Abuse of Youth in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Boys, Girls and Gender Non-Conforming Youth
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
"This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of boys, girls and gender non-conforming youth who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for boys, girls and gender non-conforming youth; (3) identify the com... Read More
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2014
Document 028181
Ensuring Access to Mentoring Programs for LGBTQ Youth
By Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad; Hasenbush, Amira; Susman, Alexandra. University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). School of Law. The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Public Policy (Los Angeles, CA).
"Youth mentoring programs, such as those of 4-H, Big Brothers Big Sisters and Boys and Girls Clubs of America, are an important strategy for supporting at-risk youth and preventing them from becoming entangled with the juvenile justice system. This white paper summarizes research showing that LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning] youth would benefit from access to these programs and makes recommendations for youth mentoring programs and local, state, and federal government... Read More
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26 pages
2014
Document 027893
Unsecured Bonds: The Most Effective and Efficient Pretrial Release Option
By Jones, Michael R.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
If your pretrial agency is looking for solid empirical evidence about the effectiveness of unsecure bonds compared to secure bonds in safeguarding public safety, you need to read this report. “Findings support judicial officers changing their practices to use more unsecured releases, to include unsecured bonds if currently permitted by law, to achieve the same public safety and court appear¬ance rates while using far fewer jail beds. These un¬secured bonds could be used in conjunction with an in... Read More
PDF
26 pages
2014
Document 028160
A Roadmap for Change: Federal Policy Recommendations for Addressing the Criminalization of LGBT People and People Living with HIV
By Hanssens, Catherine; Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.; Ritchie, Andrea J.; Spade, Dean; Vaid, Urvashi. Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Ford Foundation (New York, NY); Arcus Foundation (New York, NY). Columbia Law School. Center for Gender and Sexuality Law (New York, NY).
"This document outlines a range of policy solutions that would go a long way towards addressing discriminatory and abusive policing practices, improving conditions for LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] prisoners and immigrants in detention, de-criminalizing HIV, and preventing LGBT youth from coming in contact with the system in the first place " (p. 6). Sections contained in this report include: introduction and summary; policing and law enforcement; prisons—discrimination and viol... Read More
PDF
84 pages
2014
Document 028159
Infographic: Why Are So Many LGBT People and People Living with HIV Behind Bars?
By Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent illustration of why there are a significant number of HIV positive lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals housed in correctional facilities. Elements of this infographic are drivers of incarceration, harms faced within the system, and lasting consequences.... Read More
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2014
Document 028159
Infographic: Why Are So Many LGBT People and People Living with HIV Behind Bars?
By Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent illustration of why there are a significant number of HIV positive lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals housed in correctional facilities. Elements of this infographic are drivers of incarceration, harms faced within the system, and lasting consequences.... Read More
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2014
Document 028214
LGBTI Migrants in Immigration Detention: A Global Perspective
By Tabak, Shana; Levitan, Rachel.
"Among the thousands of migrants who are detained by states each year, those who are perhaps most vulnerable to human rights violations are oftentimes invisible within the immigration systems: LGBTI detainees. Human rights violations perpetrated against these individuals, who may be targeted during their detention as a result of their sexual orientation or gender identity, are made all the more egregious since many LGBTI detainees in immigration detention chose to migrate from their countries of... Read More
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45 pages
2014
Document 028220
Responding to Transgender Victims of Sexual Assault
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC). FORGE (Milwaukee, WI); U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC).
"Members of the transgender community are among the most misunderstood and marginalized of populations, leaving them vulnerable to sexual violence. This vulnerability, coupled with past discrimination, stereotypical perceptions, and other barriers to service, means lost opportunities for justice and healing. Yet another concern is that frequently, victims must explain to service providers what it means to be transgender in order to receive culturally competent care. When faced with this lack of ... Read More
WEB
140 pages
2014
Document 028168
Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010
By Durose, Matthew R.; Cooper, Alexia D.; Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report "[e]xamines the 5-year post-release offending patterns of persons released from state prisons in 2005 by offender characteristics, prior criminal history, and commitment offense. It provides estimates on the number and types of crimes former inmates commit both prior to their imprisonment and after release. The report includes different measures of recidivism, including a new arrest, court adjudication, conviction, and incarceration for either a new sentence or a technical violation.... Read More
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31 pages
2014
Document 028158
Legal Resource Guide to the Federal Bureau of Prisons
U.S. Bureau of Prisons (BOP) (Washington, DC).
"This publication is intended to serve as a guide to relevant statutes, regulations, policy documents, and current case law concerning issues the BOP faces today. It provides a general overview of the BOP, its services, and its programs" (p. 1). Sections of this document include: introduction; pretrial issues; evaluation of offender mental capacity; sentencing issues—probation and conditions of probation, imprisonment, and judgment in a criminal case; post-conviction issues—designation to a faci... Read More
PDF
57 pages
2014
Document 028229
States of Incarceration: The Global Context: World Incarceration Rates If Every U.S. State Were A Country
By Wagner, Peter; Sakala, Leah; Begley, Josh. Prison Policy Initiative (PPI) (Northampton, MA).
This is required reading for those people striving to reform the correctional system in the United States, criminology students, or anyone concerned with issues related to confinement. The focal point of this website is an excellent graphic illustrating how the incarceration rates for each individual U.S. state compare to those rates belonging to a wide range of nations (having total populations of at least 500,000 individuals). It definitively shows that the use of incarceration by individual ... Read More
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2014
Document 028242
LGBTI Training: Immigration Detention
Community Initiatives for Visiting Immigrants in Confinement (CIVIC). Endisolation (San Francisco, CA).
This is an excellent website for people who work with GLBTI (gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) immigrants under U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention and those who visit them. Access is provided to: "An Overview of Immigration Detention for LGBTI" (69 minutes) with welcoming remarks by Angela Maria Kelley, featured speakers Olga Tomchin, Royce Murray, Christina Fialho, and moderator Sharita Gruberg; "Transgender 101: A Training Video for CIVIC Visitor Voluntee... Read More
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2014
Document 028254
Safe & Respected: Policy, Best Practices & Guidance for Serving Transgender & Gender Non-Conforming Children and Youth in the Child Welfare, Detention, and Juvenile Justice Systems
By Perry, J. Rhodes; Green, Eli R.. New York City's (NYC) Administration for Children's Services (ACS), LGBTQ Policy and Practice Office (New York, NY).
You should be familiar with this report if you work with transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) youth. This guide "offers child welfare and juvenile justice practitioners concrete guidance, strategies for success, and resources that will enable staff to meet the specific needs of TGNC children and youth. The guide features an overview of the barriers that TGNC children and youth face in foster care and juvenile detention, a glossary of terms, an overview of affirming resources, policies, a... Read More
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67 pages
2014
Document 028267
Protected and Served?
Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
"Are government institutions properly protecting and serving LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] people and people living with HIV? Lambda Legal conducted a national study of the experiences individuals have with police, courts, prisons and school security." Extensive findings are reported according to the following areas: Police—"Among respondents, 73% had face-to-face contact with the police within the past five years, and many felt discriminated against when dealing with police"; C... Read More
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2014
Document 028253
Glitter Political: GLBT or LGBT?
By Estrada, Jade Esteban; Reeves, Judy.
Are you confused whether to use GLBT or LGBT? Then this short video is for you. "Columnist Jade Esteban Estrada (San Antonio Current) chats with Judy Reeves, co-founder of Houston's Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM) about her perspective on the on-going branding battle between the GLBT (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender) and the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) sets." ... Read More
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4 minutes
2014
Document 028361
LGBTQ Youths in the Juvenile Justice System
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"Youths’ sexual orientations and gender identities are complex. Youths experience an ongoing process of sexual development as they mature into young adults. Adolescence presents a time in people’s lives when they are unsure of themselves and begin to question who they are … Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youths may present unique challenges in the juvenile justice system. Research has shown that LGBTQ youths are more likely to confront certain barriers and environme... Read More

13 pages
2013
Document 028264
Gender Identity Disorder: Health Care Services
New York State Dept. of Corrections and Community Supervision (Albany, NY).
"It is the policy of the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision to recognize that Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is a psychiatric diagnosis as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and that the Department will address offender health care needs consistent with this diagnosis" (p. 1). This policy explains how the Department will do this. Procedures cover: verifying or establishing the diagnosis; GID hormone therap... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2013
Document 028223
Transgender and Other Gender Non-Conforming Employee Policy
U.S. Dept. of the Interior (DOI). Office of the Secretary (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent resource to use as a template for creating a policy within your agency regarding support for transgender and other gender non-conforming staff, and in particular the transitioning of transgender personnel. This policy "outlines the Department of the Interior (Department) policy regarding support for transgender and other gender non-conforming employees" (p. 1). Procedures explain: responsibilities of the various agency departments and staff; transition plan; restroom, locker... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
Document 028213
Dignity Denied: LGBT Immigrants in U.S. Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This report provides a vivid picture of how LGBT immigrants are abused in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; abuse in immigration detention—details from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request showing dangerous conditions for Detained LGBT immigrants, sexual assault, solitary confinement, and inadequate medical care; ICE's attempts to address the needs of LGBT detainees; impact of increased enforcem... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
Document 028213
Dignity Denied: LGBT Immigrants in U.S. Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This report provides a vivid picture of how LGBT immigrants are abused in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities. Sections comprising this publication include: introduction; abuse in immigration detention—details from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request showing dangerous conditions for Detained LGBT immigrants, sexual assault, solitary confinement, and inadequate medical care; ICE's attempts to address the needs of LGBT detainees; impact of increased enforcem... Read More
PDF
28 pages
2013
Document 027800
What Youths Say Matters
By Godfrey, Kim. PbS Learning Institute (PbS LI) (Braintree, MA).
You should read this brief if you are concerned about juvenile justice or work with juvenile offenders from Performance-based Standards (PbS). “Research is mounting that shows youths’ experiences while in residential programs have a significant impact on both the safety and climate within the facility as well as whether the youth continues to commit crimes when he or she returns to the community. A recent analysis of the Pathways to Desistance Study added to the growing body of findings with two... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2013
Document 027915
Stories of Transition: Men and Women in the Allegheny County Jail Collaborative’s Reentry Program
By Moushey, Bill. Allegheny County Dept. of Human Services (ACDHS) (Pittsburgh, PA).
This report is written for those individuals working with ex-offenders reentering the community. They are people who want “to understand what the experience of reentry is like for the people behind the statistics — the men and women who are in the midst of their transition from jail … to hear their stories, including the struggles, their reflections and their advice for others … Their memories of their experiences in jail are still fresh, and they spoke openly with [the author] about the help t... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2013
Document 027914
A Community Court Grows in Brooklyn: A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Red Hook Community Justice Center: Final Report
By Lee, Cynthia G.; Cheesman, Fred L.; Rottman, David B.; Swaner, Rachel; Lambson, Suvi; Rempel, Mike; Curtis, Ric. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg, VA).
This study examines the effectiveness of the Red Hook Community Justice Center (RHCJC) in tackling multiple problems that contribute to crime, public safety, and quality of life in the local community. This report has chapters covering: the theoretical foundations and study context; evaluation data and methods; planning RHCJC; organizational structure and staffing; community and youth programs—Housing Court and the Housing Resource Center, youth programs, community programs and public outreach, ... Read More
WEB
286 pages
2013
Document 027856
Unobtrusive Suicide Warning System: Final Technical Report: Phase III
By Ashe, Jeffrey M.; Baloch, Ghulam; Ganesh, Meena; Graichenm, Catherine; Soldner, Nicholas; Lakamraju, Vijay; Zacchio, Joe; Vogel, Mark. National Institute of Justice (NIH) (Washington, DC). GE Global Research (Niskayuna, NY).
This report explains in detail how this research group “developed a prototype demonstration system that can measure an inmate’s heart rate, breathing rate and general body motion without being attached to the inmate (i.e. from a non-contact distance). The system is based upon measuring a ballistogram which is comprised of subtle motions appearing on the surface of the body due to the motion of internal components such as the heart and lungs. The system is based on a modifying version of a commer... Read More
PDF
202 pages
2013
Document 027834
Nothing About Us Without Us! The Failure of the Modern Juvenile Justice System and a Call for Community-Based Justice
By Smith, Charisa.
The need for a renewed effort in bringing the practice of juvenile justice back under the influence of the community is explained. Topics discussed include: history coming full circle—arrest, court, incarceration, the strong rationale for abandoning the status quo juvenile justice system, a systemic lack of cultural competence, and community-based justice that works; and Community-based Alternatives To Detention (ATDs) and Alternatives To Incarceration (ATIs)—restorative justice, and justice re... Read More
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54 pages
2013
Document 028093
Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 028093
Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 028093
Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2013
Document 027787
Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More
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227 minutes
2013
Document 027787
Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More
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227 minutes
2013
Document 027786
National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More
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2013
Document 027786
National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More
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2013
Document 028011
Building Bridges: LGBT Populations: A Dialogue on Advancing Opportunities for Recovery from Addictions and Mental Health Problems
By Goldstein, Irene Saunders. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
“[D]espite some recent advances in understanding and acceptance, LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] individuals remain subject to the traumas of negative stereotyping, rejection, marginalization, and discrimination—all of which impede help-seeking behaviors. To compound the problem, LGBT individuals with mental health problems, addictions, or both, may experience additional forms of prejudice and discrimination related to each of those conditions … SAMHSA [Substance Abuse and Mental ... Read More
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69 pages
2013
Document 027725
Effective Responses to Offender Behavior: Lessons Learned from Probation and Parole Supervision
American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg, VA); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (PSPP) (Washington, DC) .
“Using effective strategies to keep probationers and parolees crime- and drug-free and curb their revocation rates is among the most important issues facing our community corrections supervision system … Based on solid research, two key strategies that many agencies have begun to implement are the use of swift, certain, and proportionate sanctions to respond to violations, and the use of incentives to promote and reinforce compliance among probationers and parolees” (p. 1-2). This report does a ... Read More
PDF
35 pages
2013
Document 027855
Tribal Equity Toolkit 2.0: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country
Legal Aids Services of Oregon (LASO). Native American Program (NAPOLS) (Portland, OR); Lewis & Clark Graduate School of Education and Counseling. Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program (IWOK) (Portland, OR); Basic Rights Oregon (Portland, OR); Western States Center (Portland, OR).
“Tribal laws reflect our values as a people, define our collective barriers, prioritize our issues, allocate public resources, and identify eligibility for conferred status and public benefits and services. This Toolkit identifies areas in which existing tribal laws may discriminate against Two Spirit /LGBT individuals. The Toolkit also gives tribal legislators a brief overview of legal and policy issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit/LGBT community members, and offers sample reso... Read More
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167 pages
2013
Document 027649
Workplace Harassment by Law Enforcement and Correctional Supervisors: Part 1--Sexual Harassment [and] Part 2--Racial and Other Forms of Harassment
Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) Law Enforcement Legal Center (Chicago, IL).
"Protecting employees against workplace harassment is an important obligation of law enforcement and correctional agencies as employers. Harassment is a corrosive element in an agency’s functioning, can undermine morale, and unfairly subjects hard-working employees to daily torments that add to the burdens and responsibilities that they have to cope with to effectively do their job. Additionally, as has long been clear, workplace harassment on the basis of sex or race, as well as other protect... Read More
PDF
16 pages
2013
Document 027721
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex, (L.G.B.T.I.) Training Program and Agency Policy
Harris County Sheriff’s Office (HCSO) (Houston, TX).
This collection is comprised of a training program and an agency policy regarding the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex inmates. "Course Name: L.G.B.T. Awareness" by B. Galindez. "Cultural Diversity/Awareness is essential in terms of adapting to changes and the morphing of all human traits and values. Acceptance and / or tolerance are key elements when the pursuit of cohesion is the overall goal. Lesson Objectives: 1. Student will be able to identify alternate li... Read More
ZIP
167 pages
2013
Document 027499
Human Resources and Administrative Investigations [Participant's Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of men, women and LGBTI inmates who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women and LGBTI populations; (3) identify the components of human sexuality ... Read More
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2013
Document 027499
Human Resources and Administrative Investigations [Participant's Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of men, women and LGBTI inmates who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women and LGBTI populations; (3) identify the components of human sexuality ... Read More
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2013
Document 027499
Human Resources and Administrative Investigations [Participant's Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of men, women and LGBTI inmates who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women and LGBTI populations; (3) identify the components of human sexuality ... Read More
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2013
Document 027500
Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations [Participant’s Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications on administrative investigations and human resource policies and procedures. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the PREA Standards and identify impacts on administrative investigations and human resources; (2) identify components of investigative and human resource policies and procedures as they relate to sexual abuse of persons in custody; and (3) understand legal and ... Read More
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2013
Document 027500
Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations [Participant’s Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications on administrative investigations and human resource policies and procedures. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the PREA Standards and identify impacts on administrative investigations and human resources; (2) identify components of investigative and human resource policies and procedures as they relate to sexual abuse of persons in custody; and (3) understand legal and ... Read More
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2013
Document 027500
Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations [Participant’s Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications on administrative investigations and human resource policies and procedures. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the PREA Standards and identify impacts on administrative investigations and human resources; (2) identify components of investigative and human resource policies and procedures as they relate to sexual abuse of persons in custody; and (3) understand legal and ... Read More
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2013
Document 027516
Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission1 received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012.2 Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigr... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
Document 027516
Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission1 received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012.2 Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigr... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
Document 027516
Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission1 received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012.2 Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigr... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
Document 027507
Policy Review and Development Guide: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Persons in Custodial Settings
By Smith, Brenda V.; Loomis, Melissa C.; Yarussi, Jaime M.; Marksamer, Jody. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Smith Consulting (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
“This guide includes information that will help adult correctional facilities and juvenile justice agencies to assess, develop, or improve policies and practices regarding LGBTI [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex] individuals in their custody. The guide is not meant to be a quick reference for writing policies appropriate for all agencies and/or facilities. It is intentionally vague on “how to” advice and “plug and play” policy guidance. Guides for writing policies exist in many ... Read More
PDF
79 pages
2013
Document 027557
Protecting the Rights of Transgender Parents and Their Children: A Guide for Parents and Lawyers
By Cooper, Leslie. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC).
“More and more transgender parents are fighting to protect their relationships with their children in the face of custody challenges. Yet they face significant obstacles. Parents who have come out or transitioned after having a child with a spouse or partner have seen their gender transition raised as a basis to deny or restrict child custody or visitation. Transgender people who formed families after coming out or transitioning have faced challenges to their legal status as parents, often based... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2013
Document 027501
Trauma and Justice
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
“Reducing the pervasive, harmful, and costly health impact of violence and trauma by integrating trauma-informed approaches throughout health, behavioral health, and related systems and addressing the behavioral health needs of people involved in or at risk of involvement in the criminal and juvenile justice systems.”... Read More
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2013
Document 027282
A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adults/Adolescents: Second Edition
By Little, Kristin. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women. DNA Initiative (Washington, DC).
“A timely, high-quality medical forensic examination can potentially validate and address sexual assault patients’7 concerns, minimize the trauma they may experience, and promote their healing. At the same time, it can increase the likelihood that evidence collected will aid in criminal case investigation, resulting in perpetrators being held accountable and further sexual violence prevented. The examination and the related responsibilities of health care personnel are the focus of this protocol... Read More
PDF
145 pages
2013
Document 027265
When a Person Isn’t a Data Point: Making Evidence-Based Practice Work
By Lowenkamp, Christopher T.; Holsinger, Alexander M.; Robinson, Charles R.; Cullen, Francis T..
This article presents a critical look at the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in corrections. “While we [the authors] agree that the field of corrections has increased the quality of programming and services over the years (i.e., listening to the data points), we argue that the EBP movement in the field of corrections is widespread but exceedingly shallow (failing to see the person) … In an effort to illustrate how we have missed the essence of EBP in corrections, we present the history of... Read More
WEB
16 pages
2012
Document 026740
Identification, Treatment and Correctional Management of Inmates Diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder (GID)
Massachusetts Dept. of Correction (Milford, MA).
“The purpose of this policy is to establish guidelines for the identification, treatment, and institutional management of inmates diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder (GID)” (p. 1). Procedures cover: responsibilities of the GID clinical supervision group; responsibilities of the GID Treatment Committee; identification and diagnosis of inmates with GID; treatment planning for inmates with GID; reporting; security review; and management and placement. A sample “Gender Identity (GID) Mental Heal... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2012
Document 026775
Serving Our Youth: Findings from a National Survey of Service Providers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth who are Homeless or At Risk of Becoming Homeless
By Durso, Laura E.; Gates, Gary J.. Williams Institute (Los Angeles, CA); Palette Fund (New York, NY); True Colors Fund (New York, NY); National Runaway Switchboard (NRS) (Chicago, IL); CenterLink: The Community of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) Centers (Fort Lauderdale, FL).
This report “presents data from The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Homeless Youth Provider Survey, a web-based survey conducted from October 2011 through March 2012. The survey was designed to assess the experiences of homeless youth organizations in providing services to LGBT youth. It also assessed the prevalence of LGBT youth within the homeless populations being served by these organizations” (p. 3). Sections following an executive summary are: about this survey; characterist... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 026702
A Quick Guide for LGBTI Policy Development for Adult Prisons and Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This Quick Guide will help agencies and facilities develop a comprehensive response to working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) inmates. It is not meant to provide an answer to every question or an in-depth discussion of all issues that agencies face or that the LGBTI population faces while in custody. It provides an overview of the important issues that agencies should consider when working to house and treat LGBTI inmates in a way that is safe and consistent with ... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2012
Document 026701
A Quick Guide for LGBTI Policy Development for Youth Confinement Facilities
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This Quick Guide will help agencies and facilities develop a comprehensive response to working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) youth. It is not meant to provide an answer to every question or an in-depth discussion of all issues that agencies face or that the LGBTI population faces while in custody. It provides an overview of the important issues that agencies should consider when working to house and treat LGBTI youth in a way that is safe and consistent with an a... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2012
Document 026763
LGBTI Populations: Their Safety, Your Responsibility [Satellite/Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Correctional agencies face many challenges surrounding the safe management of the populations they house and supervise. Due in part to changes in federal and state laws and the outcome of successful offender litigation, care and management of the LGBTI population has been identified as an emerging correctional issue that deserves special attention. While gender non-conforming offenders have always been present in facilities and on caseloads, we now have the opportunity to share information about... Read More
VIDEO
2 video DVDs (152 minutes)
2012
Document 026538
Unfair Criminalization of LGBT Youth
By Moodie-Mills, Aisha; Williams, Marie; Wilson, Ryan; Rupert, Maya. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“This event will examine the unfair criminalization of LGBT youth—from harsh school sanctions that perpetuate a school-to-prison pipeline, to the bias and abuse they face within the juvenile justice system. Participants will be briefed on the current research on LGBT youth in the juvenile justice system and school disciplinary issues, and will engage in a dialogue around policy solutions to address them.”... Read More
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88 minutes
2012
Document 026511
Correcting Race and Gender: Prison Regulation of Social Hierarchy Through Dress
By Arkles, Gabriel.
'This Article examines the enforcement of racialized gender norms through the regulation of dress in prisons. Dress, including hair and clothing, is central to the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms based on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability. For many people, dress is a way to express identity, exercise autonomy, practice religion, participate politically, experience pleasure, preserve health, and... Read More
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80 pages
2012
Document 026511
Correcting Race and Gender: Prison Regulation of Social Hierarchy Through Dress
By Arkles, Gabriel.
'This Article examines the enforcement of racialized gender norms through the regulation of dress in prisons. Dress, including hair and clothing, is central to the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms based on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability. For many people, dress is a way to express identity, exercise autonomy, practice religion, participate politically, experience pleasure, preserve health, and... Read More
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80 pages
2012
Document 026786
A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
PDF
37 pages
2012
Document 026786
A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
PDF
37 pages
2012
Document 026783
Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
Document 026783
Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
Document 027171
Widening the Circle: Can Peacemaking Work Outside of Tribal Communities? A Guide for Planning
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“The innovative power of tribal jurisprudence, which long ago discovered alternative dispute resolution methods, can continue to provide direct benefit to non-Indian sovereigns and their citizens. Enriching and reciprocal potential exists; it is only a matter of whether the non-Indian world is ready to learn and appreciate the customary wisdom in tribal common law—Gloria Valencia-Weber” (p. 1). This guide provides an excellent introduction to this effective conflict resolution process. Sections ... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 027560
Setting Gender Identity Free: Expanding Treatment for Transsexual Inmates
By Colopy, Travis Wright.
The author explains why “(1) the standard for adequate medical care requires only sex-appropriate hormone therapies for those transsexual inmates that need them, (2) sexual reassignment surgery is, in most cases, beyond the threshold of minimal adequate care and thus not required by the Eighth Amendment, and (3) prisons must provide housing that ensures the safety of transsexual inmates and the proper administration of adequate health care (p. 230). This Note is divided into four parts: transsex... Read More
PDF
46 pages
2012
Document 027560
Setting Gender Identity Free: Expanding Treatment for Transsexual Inmates
By Colopy, Travis Wright.
The author explains why “(1) the standard for adequate medical care requires only sex-appropriate hormone therapies for those transsexual inmates that need them, (2) sexual reassignment surgery is, in most cases, beyond the threshold of minimal adequate care and thus not required by the Eighth Amendment, and (3) prisons must provide housing that ensures the safety of transsexual inmates and the proper administration of adequate health care (p. 230). This Note is divided into four parts: transsex... Read More
PDF
46 pages
2012
Document 027156
Out and Down: Incarceration and Psychiatric Disorders
By Schnittker, Jason; Massoglia, Michael; Uggen, Christopher. American Sociological Association (ASA) (Washington, DC).
The relationship between incarceration and the psychiatric disorders of inmates is examined. Sections following an abstract include: background—the total institution and the pains of imprisonment, confounding and the effects of incarceration, a conceptual model illustrating influences in the incarceration-psychiatric disorder relationship, psychiatric disorders and disability; data and methods using the NCS-R (National Comorbidity Survey Replication); statistically significant results for the as... Read More
PDF
17 pages
2012
Document 026502
MICHELLE L. KOSILEK, Plaintiff, v. LUIS S. SPENCER, in his official capacity as Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Correction, Defendant.
By Wolf, Mark L.. U.S. District Court. District of Massachusetts (Boston, MA).
This is “an unprecedented court order requiring that the defendant Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Correction (the "DOC") provide him with sex reassignment surgery to treat his major mental illness, severe gender identity disorder” (p. 3). Sections following a summary are: the applicable standards; findings of fact and conclusions of law—the Eighth Amendment analysis—Kosilek has a serious medical need, sex reassignment surgery is the only adequate treatment for Kosilek, Kosilek h... Read More
PDF
128 pages
2012
Document 026552
Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law
United Nations. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) (Geneva, Switzerland).
“The purpose of this booklet is to set out the core obligations that States have towards LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] persons, and describe how United Nations mechanisms have applied international law in this context. For the past eighteen years, United Nations human rights treaty bodies and special procedures have documented violations of the human rights of LGBT people and analysed State compliance with international human rights law. They have accumulated a body of evidence ... Read More
PDF
64 pages
2012
Document 026630
Tribal Equity Toolkit: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country
Legal Aid Services of Oregon (LASO). Native American Program (Portland, OR); Lewis & Clark College. Graduate School of Education and Counseling. Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program (Portland, OR); Western States Center (Portland, OR).
“Two Spirit is a term in the English Language that attempts to incorporate and honor the hundreds of ancient, respectful, Native Language terms that were used for thousands of years within our Tribal societies. Two-Spirit is used to denote people who have special roles within our communities, our cultures, and our ceremonial life (p. 3) … This guide is intended to give tribal legislators a brief overview of legal issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and... Read More
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21 pages
2012
Document 025870
Gender Identity Disorder
By Lewis, Don. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
Issues related to gender identity are discussed. Gender identity is “a person’s sense of their own gender, which is communicated to others by their gender expression.” Objectives for this presentation are: define key terms related to Gender Identity Disorder (GID); review the diagnostic criteria for GID); implement the Bureau’s new GID policy; review the history of transgender issues, to include relevant legal issues; identify World Professional Organization for Transgendered Health (WPATH) stan... Read More
VIDEO
57 pages
2012
Document 026162
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)
By Feder, Jody; Brougher, Cynthia. Congressional Research Service (Washington, DC).
The impact of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) on employment practices related to sexual orientation and gender identity is explained. “Introduced in various incarnations in every congressional session since the 103rd Congress, the proposed Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA; H.R. 1397/S. 811) would prohibit discrimination based on an individual’s actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity by public and private employers in hiring, discharge, compensation, and oth... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
Document 026337
Transgender and Gender-Variant Inmates
Denver Sheriff Department. Office of the Director of Corrections/Undersheriff (Denver, CO).
This order provides guidelines that will “facilitate the elimination of discrimination against; and/or address the appropriate treatment of; and/or provide for the safety, security and medical needs of transgender and gender-variant inmates” (p. 1). Implementation and procedural guidelines cover: intake and initial classification; searches; Blue Cards; medical staff notification; Transgender Review Board; long-term housing and classification; medical assessment and treatment; responsibility for ... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
Document 026170
Growing Up LGBT in America: HRC Youth Survey Report Key Findings
Human Rights Campaign (Washington, DC).
Results from a national survey of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) youth ages 13-17 are presented. “The deck is stacked against young people growing up lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender in America. Official government discrimination or indifference along with social ostracism leaves many teens disaffected and disconnected in their own homes and neighborhoods. With an increase in public awareness about anti-LGBT bullying and harassment and the strikingly high number of LGBT youth... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2012
Document 026431
The Unfair Criminalization of Gay and Transgender Youth: An Overview of the Experiences of LGBT Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Hunt, Jerome; Moodie-Mills, Aisha. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“Gay and transgender youth are pipelined into the juvenile justice system at disproportion¬ate rates, often stripped of their basic dignity and civil rights, and treated in a harmful and discriminatory manner once in the system. The current policies and practices of schools and the juvenile justice system overlook gay and transgender youth and perpetuate stigma and bias that can lead to their unwarranted criminalization and unfair treatment” (p. 7). This report aims to clear up the confusion reg... Read More
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12 pages
2012
Document 026387
Scope of Services for the Treatment of Gender Identity Disorder
Colorado Dept. of Corrections (Colorado Springs, CO).
“It is the purpose of this administrative regulation(AR) to serve as a standard of care for the treatment of gender identity disorder and define the extent and general limits of health services that will be provided to this population” (p. 1). Procedures cover: contraindications for sexual reassignment treatment; Gender Identity Disorder Management and Treatment Committee; sexual reassignment treatment; other treatment modalities; and facility placement.... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2012
Document 026361
LGBT People and the Prison Rape Elimination Act
National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC).
The application of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards to situations involving LGBT people is explained. This is a great overview for correctional staff. Sections of this document address: a crisis of sexual abuse in confinement; the most important protections for LGBT offenders being screening and classification, housing transgender people, protective custody, segregated LGBT pods or units, searches, minors in adult facilities, staff training, reporting abuse, support for survivors... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2012
Document 026364
Model Policy: Training for Youth Facility Staff: Ensuring Competence that Includes the Rights and Needs of LGBTQ Youth
MAC AIDS Fund (New York, NY); Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS (New York, NY); Arcus Foundation (New York, NY); Elton John Foundation (New York, NY). Center for HIV Law and Policy (CHLP). Teen SENSE (New York, NY).
"This Model Policy, designed for use by agencies and jurisdictions that provide services for youth in state custody, outlines the basic requirements for ensuring staff competence, including on the rights and needs of LGBTQ youth."... Read More
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1 page
2012
Document 026365
Teen SENSE Model Staff Training Standards Focusing on the Needs of Youth in State Custody, Center for HIV Law and Policy
MAC AIDS Fund (New York, NY); Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS (New York, NY); Arcus Foundation (New York, NY); Elton John Foundation (New York, NY). Center for HIV Law and Policy (CHLP). Teen SENSE (New York, NY).
These standards “are designed to ensure that all staff of foster care, detention, and other government operated and regulated youth facilities are equipped to understand and protect the health and well-being of all youth, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity … The standards also reflect the need for universal staff competence in communicating with and advising all youth” (p. 4). Sections of these standards are: goal; target audience; core competencies of comprehensive training pro... Read More
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23 pages
2012
Document 026478
LGBT Youth in Detention: Understanding and Integrating Equitable Services
By Wilber, Shannan; Brown, Bernadette; Celestine, Anthony. Juvenile Detention Alternative Initiative (JDAI). The Equity Project (Washington, DC).
This presentation is comprised of a series of questions regarding: what is known about LGBT youth; intake and risk assessment; gender and sexual orientation; name and pronoun; detention and family involvement; housing; and race. The resulting discussion results in covering: the available data on lesbian, gay, bisexual and gender nonconforming (LGBT) youth in detention; implications for practice; and integration of these issues in site-based reform efforts.... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2012
Document 027785
Referring Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings to Mentoring Programs: Effective Strategies and Practices to Improving the Mentoring Experience for At-Risk and High-Risk Youth: A Resource Compendium
By Miller, J. Mitchell; Miller, Holly Ventura; Barnes, J.C.; Clark, Pamela A.; Jones, Michael A.; Quiros, Ronald J.; Peterson, Scott Bernard. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). MENTOR: National Mentoring Partnership (Boston, MA); Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth. This research study [“Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: An Exploratory Analysis”], which used multiple methods to capture data from mentoring and juvenile justice settings, provides a deeper understanding of h... Read More
PDF
162 pages
2012
Document 027785
Referring Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings to Mentoring Programs: Effective Strategies and Practices to Improving the Mentoring Experience for At-Risk and High-Risk Youth: A Resource Compendium
By Miller, J. Mitchell; Miller, Holly Ventura; Barnes, J.C.; Clark, Pamela A.; Jones, Michael A.; Quiros, Ronald J.; Peterson, Scott Bernard. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). MENTOR: National Mentoring Partnership (Boston, MA); Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth. This research study [“Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: An Exploratory Analysis”], which used multiple methods to capture data from mentoring and juvenile justice settings, provides a deeper understanding of h... Read More
PDF
162 pages
2012
Document 028091
Toolkit for Practitioners/Researchers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Runaway and Homeless Youth (RHY)
By Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin M.; Maccio, Elaine M.. U.S. Administration of Children and Families. Children’s Bureau (Washington, DC). Hunter College. Silberman School of School of Social Work. National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC) (New York, NY).
“The National Network for Youth estimates that 20-40% of all homeless youth are LGBTQ [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning]. Given that LGBTQ youth comprise less than 10% of the general youth population (ages 15-21), they are overrepresented in the RHY [Runaway and Homeless Youth] population. This suggests that 300,000-600,000 homeless youth may identify as LGBTQ” (p. 1). Many of these homeless LGBTQ youth will end up in the justice system. So the question begs to be answe... Read More
PDF
66 pages
2012
Document 028091
Toolkit for Practitioners/Researchers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Runaway and Homeless Youth (RHY)
By Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin M.; Maccio, Elaine M.. U.S. Administration of Children and Families. Children’s Bureau (Washington, DC). Hunter College. Silberman School of School of Social Work. National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC) (New York, NY).
“The National Network for Youth estimates that 20-40% of all homeless youth are LGBTQ [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning]. Given that LGBTQ youth comprise less than 10% of the general youth population (ages 15-21), they are overrepresented in the RHY [Runaway and Homeless Youth] population. This suggests that 300,000-600,000 homeless youth may identify as LGBTQ” (p. 1). Many of these homeless LGBTQ youth will end up in the justice system. So the question begs to be answe... Read More
PDF
66 pages
2012
Document 028162
Ensuring the Safety of LGBT Youths in the Juvenile Justice System
By Bosley, Rachel; Asbridge, Caleb.
"Many juvenile justice agencies and facilities express a sincere desire to treat LGBT youths in a fair and respectful way and to promote positive interactions between youths and between youths and staff. At the same time, many agencies are unsure of the appropriate steps to take in addressing this issue. This article provides some broad guidance for agency leadership in this area" (p. 100). Suggestions are made for the following operational concerns: policy development; intake screening; housing... Read More
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3 pages
2012
Document 027269
Gender & Sexuality in the ABA Standards on the Treatment of Prisoners
By Love, Margaret Colgate; Shay, Giovanna. Western New England University School of Law (Springfield, MA).
Anyone involved in inmate management should be aware of this issues addressed by these standards, especially in light of PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act). “This Article describes provisions of the recently promulgated American Bar Association Criminal Justice Standards on the Treatment of Prisoners (2010 Standards or Standards) that address issues of gender and sexuality in a correctional setting” (p. 1217-1218). This paper is divided into four parts. Part I. Development of the ABA Standards o... Read More
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26 pages
2012
Document 028173
Tobacco in Juvenile Justice Facilities: A Policy Overview
Tobacco Control Legal Consortium (St. Paul, MN).
"Many youth underestimate the addictiveness of nicotine and discount the health effects of tobacco use. Yet almost a third of all young people who become new smokers each year will ultimately die of tobacco-related disease. Juvenile offenders – youth detained or incarcerated in the juvenile justice system – suffer a disproportionately high number of mental health and substance abuse disorders, including tobacco dependency. Given the appeal and prevalence of tobacco use among these high-risk adol... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 026479
Promoting a Safe and Respectable Environment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth and their Families Involved in the Child Welfare System; and Guidelines for Promoting a Safe and Respectable Environment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth and their Families Involved with DYFJ
New York City Administration for Children's Services (ACS). Division of Policy and Planning. Policy Development and Program Planning (New York, NY).
“The purpose of these policies is to provide direction to Children'[s] Services and provider agency staff and volunteers on sensitive, inclusive and gender neutral practice as well as strategies to address bias and meet the unique needs of our youth and families. It should be used as best practice guidelines by Children's Services and provider agency staff and volunteers in order to provide LGBTQ youth and families with services in a respectful, safe, inclusive, culturally competent and affirm... Read More
PDF
40 pages
2011
Document 026484
A Place of Respect: A Guide for Group Care Facilities Serving Transgender and Gender Non-Conforming Youth
By Marksamer, Jody; Spade, Dean; Arkles, Gabriel. National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR) (San Francisco, CA); Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
“Transgender and gender non-conforming youth often face serious physical, emotional, and sexual abuse in group homes, detention centers, and correctional institutions. Because staff members are often unsure of how to provide respectful and supportive services to these youth, they may unwittingly subject them to situations that are discriminatory and harmful. This guide offers group care facilities information and tools to provide transgender and gender non-conforming young people with appropriat... Read More
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76 pages
2011
Document 025747
Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People
By World Professional Association for Transgender Health, Inc. (WPATH) (Minneapolis, MN).
“The overall goal of the SOC [Standards of Care] is to provide clinical guidance for health professionals to assist transsexual, transgender, and gender nonconforming people with safe and effective pathways to achieving lasting personal comfort with their gendered selves, in order to maximize their overall health, psychological well-being, and self-fulfillment … While this is primarily a document for health professionals, the SOC may also be used by individuals, their families, and social instit... Read More
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120 pages
2011
Document 025748
Non-Discriminatory, Developmentally-Sound Treatment of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Youth
New Orleans Juvenile Detention Center (New Orleans, LA); Louisiana Dept. of Human Services (Baton Rouge, LA).
This groundbreaking policy explains how detention staff will supervise Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) youth. It is considered one of the best policies of its kind. If you are looking to develop such a policy you would do well to look at this one. “Staff shall not discriminate against or harass, physically or verbally, any youth in our care because the juvenile is lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender or because a staff member perceives a juvenile to be LGBT. Staff must also protec... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2011
Document 025522
Gender Identity Disorder Evaluation and Treatment
By Kendig, Newton E.; Samuels, Charles E., Jr.. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
A memorandum regarding the evaluation and treatment of inmates with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is presented. It is to be immediately implemented in response to a lawsuit settled with Vanessa Adams, a FEDERAL Bureau of Prisons (BOP) inmate at FMC Butler (NC) who has GID. “In summary, inmates in the custody of the Bureau with a possible diagnosis of GID will receive a current individualized assessment and evaluation. Treatment options will not be precluded solely due to level of services recei... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
Document 026501
Criminal Justice? New Fast Facts about Transgender People, Police, and Incarceration
FORGE (Milwaukee, WI).
Highlights from a survey of transgender or gender non-conforming people regarding their involvement with police and experiences while incarcerated are presented. Statistics are presented concerning: the percentage of individuals having contact with police; how comfortable this population is asking for help from the police; individuals assaulted by the police; the percentage of individuals sent to jail or prison; and the percentage of those assaulted while incarcerated. The survey is called “Inju... Read More
PDF
1 page
2011
Document 025835
Andrea Fields, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, Cross-Appellants, v. Judy P. Smith, et al., Defendants-Appellants, Cross-Appellees
U.S. Court of Appeals (7th Circuit).
The U.S. Appeals Court affirms the District Court’s decision that Wisconsin’s Act 105, the Inmate Sex Change Prevention Act, violates the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment. It should be noted that the plaintiffs had been receiving hormone treatment prior to the Acts passage.... Read More
PDF
19 pages
2011
Document 026480
LGBTQ Youth in the Juvenile Justice System [Parts 1 and 2]
By Valentino, Amanda. American Bar Association. Section of Litigation (Chicago, IL).
Issues surrounding justice-involved lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning/queer (LGBTQ) youth are discussed. It is vitally important for individuals working with youth to know that at least 13% of juveniles involved with the juvenile justice system are LGBTQ and require services and programs to address their particular needs and to keep them safe. Sections of Part 1 include: an increase in identifies LGBTQ youth; disproportionate representation; examples of abuse; and that isolati... Read More
WEB
9 pages
2011
Document 027159
Performance Measurement and Evaluation: Definitions and Relationships
By Shipman, Stephanie. U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
“This glossary describes and explains the relationship between two common types of systematic program assessments: performance measures and program evaluations” (p. 1). Specific terms are organized into the following sections: types of performance assessment—performance measurement and program evaluation; relationship between performance measurement and program evaluation—different focus and different use; and types of program evaluation—process (or implementation) evaluation, outcome evaluation... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2011
Document 026647
Strategic Segregation in the Modern Prison
By Dolovich, Sharon.
'In the Los Angeles County Jail'the biggest jail system in the country'officials have found a way to increase the personal security of gay men and trans women detainees without forcing them to choose between safety and community. For more than two decades, the L.A. County Sheriff's Department (the Department), which runs the County's jail system, has been systematically separating out the gay men and trans women admitted to the L.A. County Jail (the Jail) and housing them wholly apart from GP [g... Read More
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110 pages
2011
Document 026648
Masculinity as Prison: Sexual Identity, Race, and Incarceration
By Robinson, Russell K..
“The Los Angeles County Men’s Jail segregates gay and transgender inmates and says that it does so to protect them from sexual assault. But not all gay and transgender inmates qualify for admission to the K6G unit. Transgender inmates must appear transgender to staff that inspect them. Gay men must identify as gay in a public space and then satisfactorily answer a series of cultural questions designed to determine whether they really are gay” (p. 1309). The author argues that the policy governin... Read More
PDF
100 pages
2011
Document 026512
Surviving Prison in California: Advice By and For Transgender Women|First Edition
TGI (Transgender Gender Variant Intersex) Justice (San Francisco, CA).
'This guide was created because trans women imprisoned in the SF [San Francisco] jails expressed a need for detailed information about going to prison or back to prison after not having been there in a long time' (p. 1). This guide is not only extremely valuable for trans women but for those working with them. Being aware of the issues impacting trans women will make it much easier to understand and effectively manage this population. Information and tips are provided for housing and classificat... Read More
WEB
10 pages
2011
Document 027143
Exploring the Evidence: The Value of Juvenile Drug Courts
By van Wormer, Jacqueline; Lutze, Faith.
“This article will focus on the latest juvenile drug court research findings, and will remind courts about the importance of following “Juvenile Drug Courts: Strategies in Practice (16 Strategies in Practice)” and maintaining and maintaining a focus on strong and effective collaboration. New research shows that not only can juvenile drug courts be effective in reducing recidivism and substance use among adolescents, but also that following the model and strategies is critical to program success... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2010
Document 026764
A Provider’s Introduction to Substance Abuse Treatment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD).
“This publication presents information to assist providers in improving substance abuse treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans-gender (LGBT) clients by raising awareness about the issues unique to LGBT clients. Sensitizing providers to these unique issues will, it is hoped, result in more effective treatment and improved treatment outcomes. Effective treatment with any population should be sensitive and culturally competent. Substance abuse treatment providers, counselors, therapists, a... Read More
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228 pages
2010
Document 025834
Memorandum: Vanessa Adams, legal name, Nicholas Adams, Plaintiff, v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, et al., Defendants
U.S. District Court. District of Massachusetts (Boston, MA).
“Plaintiff, an inmate in the custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, asserts that Defendants have subjected her to cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution by denying her appropriate medical treatment for her diagnosed condition of Gender Identity Disorder. Presently at issue is Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint [#20]. For the following reasons, Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint [#20] is DENIED” (p. ... Read More
PDF
13 pages
2010
Document 026534
Two-Spirited People and Social Work Practice: Exploring the History of Aboriginal Gender and Sexual Diversity
By Alaers, Jill.
“Diversity of sexual orientation appears to be universal throughout human history. This article explores gender and sexual diversity of non-Aboriginal and traditional First Nations groups in North America, and the reclamation of traditional roles and identities by contemporary two-spirits. This article argues that social workers, as well as various other human service professionals stand to improve the quality of their practice by seeking deeper understanding of sexual and gender diversity throu... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2010
Document 026504
Toilet Training Companion Guide for Activists and Educators
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
Even though this guide is intended to accompany a video about bathroom access for transgender and gender non-conforming individuals, it is an excellent resource that can be used by itself. It aims to “start conversations not only about trans bathroom access, but also about the impact of all sex-segregated facilities (shelters, jails and prisons, group homes, drug treatment facilities, etc.) on people who do not fit within gender norms. This is one of the most controversial and important fronts i... Read More
PDF
23 pages
2010
Document 026487
Forced Integration of Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered Inmates in California State Prisons: From Protected Minority to Exposed Victims
By Lara, Alexander.
“This Note seeks to evaluate the background and application of administrative segregation of gay, bisexual, and transgendered inmates in Men’s Central and the repercussions of introducing previously segregated inmates into the general population of California state prisons” (p. 591). Sections comprising this article are: introduction; incarcerating sexual minorities—splintered masculinity or a manufactured social hierarchy based on power and submission, and prison officials’ perceptions of inmat... Read More
PDF
26 pages
2010
Document 026488
Lost In the Gender Maze: Placement of Transgender Inmates In the Prison System
By Shah, Benish A..
“This article addresses one critical issue, of the many, faced by transgender inmates: placement into male or female prisons and holding cells based on genitalia instead of gender identification” (p. 40). Sections contained in this article are: introduction; transgender identity under the U.S. legal system; the facts about transgender individuals in the prison system—initial booking protocol (let the abuse begin), prison sentences (more time, more violence), the Farmer Standard, and rape and vio... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2010
Document 026505
Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Victims of Hate Violence & Intimate Partner Violence
National Center for Victims of Crime (Washington, DC); National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) (New York, NY).
“The National Center and NCAVP [National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs] began this collaborative survey and report to gain a better understanding of the victim services provided to LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer] victims of crime throughout the United States. The focus of this joint policy report is on the crimes of hate violence and intimate partner violence against LGBTQ people … This report confirms that gaps in services for LGBTQ victims of violence exist and sho... Read More
PDF
25 pages
2010
Document 026366
Agnes Goes to Prison: Sexual Assault and the “Olympics of Gender Authenticity” Among Transgender Inmates in California’s Prisons
By Jenness, Valarie.
Issues relate to transgender inmates in California’s prisons are discussed. Parts comprising this presentation are: good reasons to study transgender inmates—growing awareness of transgender people in the U.S. and in correctional settings, high profile court cases brought forth by transgender inmates, legislative mandates, high rates of sexual assault among this population, and systematic and empirical examination of transgender inmates is lacking; California Department of Corrections and Rehabi... Read More
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88 pages
2010
Document 026489
Systems of Injustice: Criminal Justice
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
“This diagram illustrates how overpolicing and profiling of low income people and of trans and gender non-conforming people intersect, producing a far higher risk than average of imprisonment, police harassment, and violence for low income trans people.” It also describes the additional gender-related harms suffered while in the custody of the criminal justice system.... Read More
PDF
1 page
2010
Document 024560
Locked Up & Out: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Youth in Louisiana’s Juvenile Justice System
By Ware, Wesley. Juvenile Justice Project of Louisiana (JJPL) (New Orleans, LA).
The strategies offered for addressing the challenges LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) youth must deal with in correctional facilities will provide guidance for other correctional agencies facing similar problems. Sections of this report include: introduction; LGBT 101; juvenile justice in Louisiana; demographic profiles of Louisiana secure youth population; incarcerated youth in Louisiana; risk factors for LGBT youth in Louisiana; LGBT youth inside Louisiana’s secure care facilitie... Read More
PDF
38 p.
2010
Document 025282
Preventing the Sexual Abuse of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex People in Correctional Settings
National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC); National Center for Lesbian Rights (San Francisco, CA); American Civil Liberties Union (New York, NY); Transgender Law Center (San Francisco, CA); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
The “need for all four sets of standards [found in the National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Prison Rape] to account for the vulnerabilities of LGBTI [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex] individuals in detention” is explained (p. 2). Sections of these comments include: LGBTI people in detention are particularly at risk of sexual abuse; support for specific standards; recommendations to enhance the standards; responses to questions in the ANPR (Advance Notice of Pro... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2010
Document 026476
“We’ve Had Three of Them”: Addressing the Invisibility of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Gender Non-Conforming Youths in the Juvenile Justice System
By Irvine, Angela.
“[M]yths around the nonexistence of LGB and gender non-conforming [LGBT] youths in the juvenile justice system persist, presenting numerous challenges to the equitable treatment of such youths. Juvenile justice professionals need to know that [LGBT] youth exist within the system, and that [LGBT] youth often enter the juvenile justice system for different reasons than straight youth … Juvenile justice professional need to know the underlying reasons for [LGBT youths’] failure to remain at home, i... Read More
PDF
27 pages
2010
Document 028263
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Deportation
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"The deportation rates of trans and gender non-conforming immigrants are disproportionately higher than those of non-trans identified immigrants. This diagram attempts to explore the various reasons why this is happening."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028265
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Incarceration
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"This diagram illustrates how overpolicing and profiling of low income people and of trans and gender non-conforming people intersect, producing a far higher risk than average of imprisonment, police harassment, and violence for low income trans people."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028265
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Incarceration
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"This diagram illustrates how overpolicing and profiling of low income people and of trans and gender non-conforming people intersect, producing a far higher risk than average of imprisonment, police harassment, and violence for low income trans people."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028266
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Poverty and Homelessness
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"Transgender and gender non-conforming people are much more likely to be poor or homeless than the average person. This flow chart shows how various factors combine into an interlocking system that keep many trans and gender non-conforming people in situations that are vulnerable and unequal."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028266
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Poverty and Homelessness
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"Transgender and gender non-conforming people are much more likely to be poor or homeless than the average person. This flow chart shows how various factors combine into an interlocking system that keep many trans and gender non-conforming people in situations that are vulnerable and unequal."... Read More
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1 page
2010
Document 028266
Flow Chart: Disproportionate Poverty and Homelessness
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
"Transgender and gender non-conforming people are much more likely to be poor or homeless than the average person. This flow chart shows how various factors combine into an interlocking system that keep many trans and gender non-conforming people in situations that are vulnerable and unequal."... Read More
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1 page
2009
Document 023878
Large Jail Network Meeting, March 29-31. 2009, Aurora, Colorado
By Clem, Constance. Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; meeting take-aways in brief; illegal alien programs; proactive discipline, part 2; PREA update; intersex and transgender issues; Legal Issues in Jails--2009; open forum; announcements; LJN business; final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
PDF
61 p.
2007
Document period315
Managing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Inmates: Is Your Jail Ready?
By Leach, Donald L., II. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The management of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex inmates (LGBTI) in a jail setting is addressed. Sections contained in this article are: a terminology lesson; the sexual being -- physiognomy, gender identity, and sexual orientation; and responses in the jail regarding medical care, data systems, security, housing, and clothing.... Read More
PDF
6 p.
2007
Document 027744
Asking the Right Questions 2: Talking with Clients about Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Mental Health, Counseling and Addiction Settings
By Barbara, Angela M.; Doctor, Farzana; Chaim, Gloria. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) (Toronto, Ontario).
“This manual will help therapists/counsellors create an environment where lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, two-spirit, intersex, and queer (LGBTTTIQ) clients feel comfortable identifying themselves as such. This will allow therapists/counsellors to: best assess the specific needs of LGBTTTIQ clients; engage these clients in a positive treatment process; develop specifically tailored treatment plans; [and] make appropriate referrals” (p. 1). Sections comprising this guide inclu... Read More
WEB
72 pages
2006
Document 025596
The Legal Rights of Young People in State Custody: What Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Professionals Need to Know When Working with LGBT Youth
By Estrada, Rudy; Marksamer, Jody. National Center for Lesbian Rights (San Francisco, CA); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
The legal rights of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) youth are discussed through the use of scenarios that show professionals in child welfare and juvenile justice what they may experience working with this population. This paper is divided into four parts: the Constitutional right to safety-- in foster care and juvenile detention and correctional facilities; other constitutional rights—the right to equal protection, and First Amendment rights; state non-discrimination laws; and co... Read More
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17 pages
2006
Document 026483
LGBT Youth in Detention: Myth and Reality
Correctional Association of New York. New York Juvenile Justice Coalition (New York, NY).
Ten myths regarding justice-involved lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth are addressed. The myths discussed are: adolescents are too youth to be aware of their sexual identity; LGBT youth are manipulative; LGBT youth should be less open about their sexuality in order not to get picked on; kids get picked on, so being LGBT should be no different; LGBT youth never complain so all must be OK; for their safety, LGBT youth should be separated from the general population; the only way... Read More
PDF
3 pages
2006
Document 026621
Best Practice Principles: Gay and Lesbian Youth in Care
By Ragg, D. Mark; Patrick, Dennis. Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC).
“For adolescents, developing and integrating their identity can be difficult. For gay and lesbian youth, this task is greatly complicated because they must integrate an identity that diverges from mainstream society … Gay and lesbian youth need help resolving adolescent identity crises” (p. 1). This article provides guidance for out-of-home care professionals in supporting gay and lesbian youth as they figure out who they are going to be. Best practices tend to cluster around three areas: vulne... Read More
PDF
4 pages
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