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Browsing Documents Related to 'Gender Identity Issues'

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Date Title Type
2014
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Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) Toolkit: End the Abuse - Protecting LGBTI Prisoners from Sexual Assault
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY).
“A prison or jail sentence should never include sexual assault. On May 17, 2012, the Department of Justice released the final federal regulations implementing the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). These regulations apply to federal, state and local correctional facilities and lock-ups and include key protections for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) individuals. Despite— or likely because of—the decade-long process leading up to the passage of the final regulations, much... Read More

19 pages
2014
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PREA and LGBTI Rights
By Schuster, Terry. American Jail Association (AJA) (Hagerstown, MD).
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) inmates are especially at-risk for sexual assault. The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) provides guidance for ensuring that LGBTI inmates do not become victims of sexual abuse and harassment. This article is an excellent explanation of the “basic protections [required by PREA] for LGBTI inmates that every juvenile and adult correctional system will need to put in place and offer some extra provisions they should adopt to become models o... Read More

5 pages
2014
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A Practitioner's Resource Guide: Helping Families to Support Their LGBT Children
By Ryan, Caitlin. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
This resource guide provides very important information for individuals helping families with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children involved with the juvenile justice system. Its intent is to help practitioners “understand the critical role of family acceptance and rejection in contributing to the health and well-being of adolescents who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender … [and] implement best practices in engaging and helping families and caregivers to support... Read More

18 pages
2014
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After 20 Years, Transgender Inmate Is A Step Closer To Surgery
By Smith, Tovia. NPR.org (Washington, DC).
This story presents a look into one of the most contentious decisions to impact the correctional field—the potential sex change surgery of Robert Kosilek, who is serving a life sentence for murdering his wife. The constitutional right of Kosilek for a gender reassignment surgery, not just hormone treatment, due to it being medically necessary is talked about. ... Read More

4 minutes
2014
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After 20 Years, Transgender Inmate Is A Step Closer To Surgery
By Smith, Tovia. NPR.org (Washington, DC).
This story presents a look into one of the most contentious decisions to impact the correctional field—the potential sex change surgery of Robert Kosilek, who is serving a life sentence for murdering his wife. The constitutional right of Kosilek for a gender reassignment surgery, not just hormone treatment, due to it being medically necessary is talked about. ... Read More

4 minutes
2014
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The State of Sentencing 2013: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
State level legislative changes to criminal justice policy during 2013 are highlighted. These 47 policy reforms made by 31 states impact sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice. “State sentencing reforms in 2013 continue trends that The Sentencing Project has documented for several legislative cycles. But despite the changes, there continues to be a great need to address the nation’s high rate of incarceration. The challenge now is to build on these gains ... Read More

20 pages
2014
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The State of Sentencing 2013: Developments in Policy and Practice
By Porter, Nicole D.. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
State level legislative changes to criminal justice policy during 2013 are highlighted. These 47 policy reforms made by 31 states impact sentencing, probation and parole, collateral consequences, and juvenile justice. “State sentencing reforms in 2013 continue trends that The Sentencing Project has documented for several legislative cycles. But despite the changes, there continues to be a great need to address the nation’s high rate of incarceration. The challenge now is to build on these gains ... Read More

20 pages
2014
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LGBTQ Youth and Status Offenses: Improving System Responses and Reducing Disproportionality
Coalition for Juvenile Justice/SOS Project (Washington, DC).
The application of the “National Standards for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses” (NIC accession no. 027712) is stressed. “The National Standards specifically call for all (LGBTQ) [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual. Transgender, and Questioning] youth to “receive fair treatment, equal access to services, and respect and sensitivity from all professionals and other youth in court, agency, service, school and placement’” (p. 1). ... Read More

2 pages
2014
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How the Prison Rape Elimination Act Helps LGBT Immigrants in Detention
By Gruberg, Sharita. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“Protection from sexual abuse in immigration detention is particularly important for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, individuals as they are among the most vulnerable to sexual abuse in confinement. DHS [Department of Homeland Security] introduced PREA [Prison Rape Elimination Act] standards in early March to establish a “zero tolerance standard” for rape and to protect immigrants in detention facilities from sexual abuse. These standards are an important step toward protecting... Read More

8 pages
2014
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Beyond Bullying: How Hostile School Climate Perpetuates the School-to-Prison Pipeline for LGBT Youth
By Mitchum, Preston; Moodie-Mills, Aisha C.. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent report explaining how “school climate has a profound impact on the mental, physical, and emotional health of LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] students and is a crucial factor in pushing these students out of school and into the juvenile justice system … Hostile school climate perpetuates higher rates of truancy, absenteeism, and dropping out for LGBT youth, heightening the risk of arrest for those students already particularly susceptible” (p. 6). LGBT youth ma... Read More

39 pages
2014
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LGBTQ Youth and Status Offenses: Improving System Responses and Reducing Disproportionality [Webinar]
By Pilnik, Lisa; Maril, Robin; Gilbert, Christina J.. Human Rights Campaign (HRC) (Washington, DC); Equity Project (n.p.); Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Washington, DC).
“Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth are twice as likely as other youth to be sent to a juvenile detention facility for committing “status offenses” such as truancy or running away from home. LGBTQ youth are also overrepresented in the juvenile justice system generally, and once in the system are more likely to be the target of abuse and violence, including at the hands of other youth. LGBTQ youth may also receive overly harsh punishments due to biased decision-maki... Read More

59 minutes
2014
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Standing with LGBT Prisoners: An Advocate’s Guide to Ending Abuse and Combating Imprisonment
By Marksamer, Jody; Tobin, Harper Jean. National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) (Washington, DC).
While this guide is intended for community activists, it provides correctional personnel with good information about issues related to LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) offenders.“This is a resource to help introduce LGBT and allied activists to a range of issues that affect LGBT people behind bars, and prepare you to advocate for policies that will protect the safety, health, and rights of all LGBT people who may find themselves imprisoned. The bulk of this toolkit is focused on ad... Read More

89 pages
2013
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Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More

2 pages
2013
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Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More

2 pages
2013
Document preview
Keeping LGBTQ Youth Safe in Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Placements
Fostering Transitions (N.P.); Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
“Many young people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ) and in the custody of juvenile justice and delinquency systems are unsafe in their placements and are not receiving appropriate services. Professionals working within these systems must ensure that LGBTQ young people are protected from harm and supported in their development” (p. 1). This publication provides a brief, but very good, explanation of how people working w... Read More

2 pages
2013
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Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More

227 minutes
2013
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Trauma-Informed Policy and Practice for Disconnected Girls
Georgetown University Law. Center on Poverty, Inequality & Public Policy (Washington, DC); Human Rights Project for Girls (Washington, DC); National Crittenton Foundation (Portland, OR).
This “event focused on the importance and implementation of trauma-informed approaches to girls in the system, while providing an opportunity to learn about programs that have proven effective across the country. Mr. Robert Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reaffirmed his office’s commitment to developing more information and tools about girls in the justice system in order to better meet their unique needs. The event featured Dr. Step... Read More

227 minutes
2013
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National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More

2013
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National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) Bulletins
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
If you are looking for primers on issues related to juvenile justice, then this website is for you. Bulletins as of January 2013 are: “Common Mental Health Problems Experienced by Youth in Confinement - Action Steps”; “Designing and Implementing Quality Education Programs in Confinement Settings”; “Effective Behavior Management Plans”; “Enhancing Access to Counsel within Juvenile Facilities”; “Family Engagement in the Juvenile Justice Field”; “Fundamentals of External Oversight and Internal Qual... Read More

2013
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Building Bridges: LGBT Populations: A Dialogue on Advancing Opportunities for Recovery from Addictions and Mental Health Problems
By Goldstein, Irene Saunders. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) (Rockville, MD).
“[D]espite some recent advances in understanding and acceptance, LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] individuals remain subject to the traumas of negative stereotyping, rejection, marginalization, and discrimination—all of which impede help-seeking behaviors. To compound the problem, LGBT individuals with mental health problems, addictions, or both, may experience additional forms of prejudice and discrimination related to each of those conditions … SAMHSA [Substance Abuse and Mental ... Read More

69 pages
2013
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Effective Responses to Offender Behavior: Lessons Learned from Probation and Parole Supervision
American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (Williamsburg, VA); Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Center on the Courts. Public Safety Performance Project (PSPP) (Washington, DC) .
“Using effective strategies to keep probationers and parolees crime- and drug-free and curb their revocation rates is among the most important issues facing our community corrections supervision system … Based on solid research, two key strategies that many agencies have begun to implement are the use of swift, certain, and proportionate sanctions to respond to violations, and the use of incentives to promote and reinforce compliance among probationers and parolees” (p. 1-2). This report does a ... Read More

35 pages
2013
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Tribal Equity Toolkit 2.0: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country
Legal Aids Services of Oregon (LASO). Native American Program (NAPOLS) (Portland, OR); Lewis & Clark Graduate School of Education and Counseling. Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program (IWOK) (Portland, OR); Basic Rights Oregon (Portland, OR); Western States Center (Portland, OR).
“Tribal laws reflect our values as a people, define our collective barriers, prioritize our issues, allocate public resources, and identify eligibility for conferred status and public benefits and services. This Toolkit identifies areas in which existing tribal laws may discriminate against Two Spirit /LGBT individuals. The Toolkit also gives tribal legislators a brief overview of legal and policy issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit/LGBT community members, and offers sample reso... Read More

167 pages
2013
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Workplace Harassment by Law Enforcement and Correctional Supervisors: Part 1--Sexual Harassment [and] Part 2--Racial and Other Forms of Harassment
Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE) Law Enforcement Legal Center (Chicago, IL).
"Protecting employees against workplace harassment is an important obligation of law enforcement and correctional agencies as employers. Harassment is a corrosive element in an agency’s functioning, can undermine morale, and unfairly subjects hard-working employees to daily torments that add to the burdens and responsibilities that they have to cope with to effectively do their job. Additionally, as has long been clear, workplace harassment on the basis of sex or race, as well as other protect... Read More

16 pages
2013
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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex, (L.G.B.T.I.)
Harris County Sheriff’s Office (HCSO) (Houston, TX).
“This Order provides guidelines for the Harris County Sheriff’s Office (HCSO) to follow in order to meet federal statutes and regulations, American Correctional Association (ACA) Standards, National Commission on Correctional Health Care (NCCHC) standards, Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), and other Texas standards, statutes, regulations, guidelines, directives, or requirements that: A. Facilitate the elimination of discrimination against; and B. Address the appropriate classification, housing... Read More

11 pages
2013
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Human Resources and Administrative Investigations [Participant's Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of men, women and LGBTI inmates who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women and LGBTI populations; (3) identify the components of human sexuality ... Read More
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2013
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Human Resources and Administrative Investigations [Participant's Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of men, women and LGBTI inmates who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women and LGBTI populations; (3) identify the components of human sexuality ... Read More
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2013
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Human Resources and Administrative Investigations [Participant's Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the national Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications for responding to the different needs of men, women and LGBTI inmates who are sexually abused in custody. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the applicable PREA Standards for responding to sexual abuse in custody and their gender impact; (2) review the dynamics of custodial sexual abuse for men, women and LGBTI populations; (3) identify the components of human sexuality ... Read More
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2013
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Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations [Participant’s Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications on administrative investigations and human resource policies and procedures. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the PREA Standards and identify impacts on administrative investigations and human resources; (2) identify components of investigative and human resource policies and procedures as they relate to sexual abuse of persons in custody; and (3) understand legal and ... Read More
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2013
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Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations [Participant’s Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications on administrative investigations and human resource policies and procedures. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the PREA Standards and identify impacts on administrative investigations and human resources; (2) identify components of investigative and human resource policies and procedures as they relate to sexual abuse of persons in custody; and (3) understand legal and ... Read More
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2013
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Responding to Sexual Abuse of Inmates in Custody: Responding to the Needs of Men, Women and Gender Non-Conforming Populations [Participant’s Manual]
American University. Washington College of Law. End to Silence (Washington, DC); National PREA Resource Center (Washington, DC).
“This is a 24-hour training covering the National Prison Rape Elimination Act Standards and implications on administrative investigations and human resource policies and procedures. The following are the goals of this training: (1) review the PREA Standards and identify impacts on administrative investigations and human resources; (2) identify components of investigative and human resource policies and procedures as they relate to sexual abuse of persons in custody; and (3) understand legal and ... Read More
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2013
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Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission1 received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012.2 Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigr... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
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Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission1 received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012.2 Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigr... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
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Overview of Federal Criminal Cases: Fiscal Year 2012
By Schmitt, Glenn R.; Dukes, Jennifer. U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC). Office of Research and Data (Washington, DC).
“The United States Sentencing Commission1 received information on 84,360 federal criminal cases in which the offender was sentenced in fiscal year 2012.2 Among these cases, 84,173 involved an individual offender and 187 involved a corporation or other “organizational” offender. This publication provides a brief overview of those cases” (p. 1). Sections cover: the case load at a glance—most being for individuals; individual offender characteristics; case disposition; the most common crimes—immigr... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2013
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Policy Review and Development Guide: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Persons in Custodial Settings
By Smith, Brenda V.; Loomis, Melissa C.; Yarussi, Jaime M.; Marksamer, Jody. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Smith Consulting (Washington, DC); American University. Washington College of Law. Project on Addressing Prison Rape (Washington, DC).
“This guide includes information that will help adult correctional facilities and juvenile justice agencies to assess, develop, or improve policies and practices regarding LGBTI [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex] individuals in their custody. The guide is not meant to be a quick reference for writing policies appropriate for all agencies and/or facilities. It is intentionally vague on “how to” advice and “plug and play” policy guidance. Guides for writing policies exist in many ... Read More
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79 pages
2013
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Protecting the Rights of Transgender Parents and Their Children: A Guide for Parents and Lawyers
By Cooper, Leslie. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (New York, NY); National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC).
“More and more transgender parents are fighting to protect their relationships with their children in the face of custody challenges. Yet they face significant obstacles. Parents who have come out or transitioned after having a child with a spouse or partner have seen their gender transition raised as a basis to deny or restrict child custody or visitation. Transgender people who formed families after coming out or transitioning have faced challenges to their legal status as parents, often based... Read More
PDF
32 pages
2013
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Trauma and Justice
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAHMSA) (Rockville, MD).
“Reducing the pervasive, harmful, and costly health impact of violence and trauma by integrating trauma-informed approaches throughout health, behavioral health, and related systems and addressing the behavioral health needs of people involved in or at risk of involvement in the criminal and juvenile justice systems.”... Read More
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2013
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A National Protocol for Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examinations Adults/Adolescents: Second Edition
By Little, Kristin. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office on Violence Against Women. DNA Initiative (Washington, DC).
“A timely, high-quality medical forensic examination can potentially validate and address sexual assault patients’7 concerns, minimize the trauma they may experience, and promote their healing. At the same time, it can increase the likelihood that evidence collected will aid in criminal case investigation, resulting in perpetrators being held accountable and further sexual violence prevented. The examination and the related responsibilities of health care personnel are the focus of this protocol... Read More
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145 pages
2013
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When a Person Isn’t a Data Point: Making Evidence-Based Practice Work
By Lowenkamp, Christopher T.; Holsinger, Alexander M.; Robinson, Charles R.; Cullen, Francis T..
This article presents a critical look at the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in corrections. “While we [the authors] agree that the field of corrections has increased the quality of programming and services over the years (i.e., listening to the data points), we argue that the EBP movement in the field of corrections is widespread but exceedingly shallow (failing to see the person) … In an effort to illustrate how we have missed the essence of EBP in corrections, we present the history of... Read More
WEB
16 pages
2013
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LGBTI: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Offenders (Selected Resources for Criminal Justice Professionals)
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“This annotated bibliography has been developed in an effort to provide current and useful information to correctional agencies regarding the safe and respectful management of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) offenders. Relying on a best practices approach, this information will enable corrections staff to make better informed decisions about the safety, security, treatment and care of LGBTI offenders by providing academic, cultural and legal perspectives of the issues th... Read More
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38 pages
2012
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MICHELLE L. KOSILEK, Plaintiff, v. LUIS S. SPENCER, in his official capacity as Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Correction, Defendant.
By Wolf, Mark L.. U.S. District Court. District of Massachusetts (Boston, MA).
This is “an unprecedented court order requiring that the defendant Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Correction (the "DOC") provide him with sex reassignment surgery to treat his major mental illness, severe gender identity disorder” (p. 3). Sections following a summary are: the applicable standards; findings of fact and conclusions of law—the Eighth Amendment analysis—Kosilek has a serious medical need, sex reassignment surgery is the only adequate treatment for Kosilek, Kosilek h... Read More
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128 pages
2012
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Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law
United Nations. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) (Geneva, Switzerland).
“The purpose of this booklet is to set out the core obligations that States have towards LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] persons, and describe how United Nations mechanisms have applied international law in this context. For the past eighteen years, United Nations human rights treaty bodies and special procedures have documented violations of the human rights of LGBT people and analysed State compliance with international human rights law. They have accumulated a body of evidence ... Read More
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64 pages
2012
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Tribal Equity Toolkit: Tribal Resolutions and Codes to Support Two Spirit & LGBT Justice in Indian Country
Legal Aid Services of Oregon (LASO). Native American Program (Portland, OR); Lewis & Clark College. Graduate School of Education and Counseling. Indigenous Ways of Knowing Program (Portland, OR); Western States Center (Portland, OR).
“Two Spirit is a term in the English Language that attempts to incorporate and honor the hundreds of ancient, respectful, Native Language terms that were used for thousands of years within our Tribal societies. Two-Spirit is used to denote people who have special roles within our communities, our cultures, and our ceremonial life (p. 3) … This guide is intended to give tribal legislators a brief overview of legal issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and... Read More
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21 pages
2012
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Gender Identity Disorder
By Lewis, Don. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
Issues related to gender identity are discussed. Gender identity is “a person’s sense of their own gender, which is communicated to others by their gender expression.” Objectives for this presentation are: define key terms related to Gender Identity Disorder (GID); review the diagnostic criteria for GID); implement the Bureau’s new GID policy; review the history of transgender issues, to include relevant legal issues; identify World Professional Organization for Transgendered Health (WPATH) stan... Read More
VIDEO
57 pages
2012
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Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)
By Feder, Jody; Brougher, Cynthia. Congressional Research Service (Washington, DC).
The impact of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) on employment practices related to sexual orientation and gender identity is explained. “Introduced in various incarnations in every congressional session since the 103rd Congress, the proposed Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA; H.R. 1397/S. 811) would prohibit discrimination based on an individual’s actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity by public and private employers in hiring, discharge, compensation, and oth... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
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Transgender and Gender-Variant Inmates
Denver Sheriff Department. Office of the Director of Corrections/Undersheriff (Denver, CO).
This order provides guidelines that will “facilitate the elimination of discrimination against; and/or address the appropriate treatment of; and/or provide for the safety, security and medical needs of transgender and gender-variant inmates” (p. 1). Implementation and procedural guidelines cover: intake and initial classification; searches; Blue Cards; medical staff notification; Transgender Review Board; long-term housing and classification; medical assessment and treatment; responsibility for ... Read More
PDF
11 pages
2012
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Growing Up LGBT in America: HRC Youth Survey Report Key Findings
Human Rights Campaign (Washington, DC).
Results from a national survey of lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) youth ages 13-17 are presented. “The deck is stacked against young people growing up lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender in America. Official government discrimination or indifference along with social ostracism leaves many teens disaffected and disconnected in their own homes and neighborhoods. With an increase in public awareness about anti-LGBT bullying and harassment and the strikingly high number of LGBT youth... Read More
PDF
36 pages
2012
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The Unfair Criminalization of Gay and Transgender Youth: An Overview of the Experiences of LGBT Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
By Hunt, Jerome; Moodie-Mills, Aisha. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“Gay and transgender youth are pipelined into the juvenile justice system at disproportion¬ate rates, often stripped of their basic dignity and civil rights, and treated in a harmful and discriminatory manner once in the system. The current policies and practices of schools and the juvenile justice system overlook gay and transgender youth and perpetuate stigma and bias that can lead to their unwarranted criminalization and unfair treatment” (p. 7). This report aims to clear up the confusion reg... Read More
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12 pages
2012
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Scope of Services for the Treatment of Gender Identity Disorder
Colorado Dept. of Corrections (Colorado Springs, CO).
“It is the purpose of this administrative regulation(AR) to serve as a standard of care for the treatment of gender identity disorder and define the extent and general limits of health services that will be provided to this population” (p. 1). Procedures cover: contraindications for sexual reassignment treatment; Gender Identity Disorder Management and Treatment Committee; sexual reassignment treatment; other treatment modalities; and facility placement.... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2012
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LGBT People and the Prison Rape Elimination Act
National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC).
The application of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) standards to situations involving LGBT people is explained. This is a great overview for correctional staff. Sections of this document address: a crisis of sexual abuse in confinement; the most important protections for LGBT offenders being screening and classification, housing transgender people, protective custody, segregated LGBT pods or units, searches, minors in adult facilities, staff training, reporting abuse, support for survivors... Read More
PDF
6 pages
2012
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Model Policy: Training for Youth Facility Staff: Ensuring Competence that Includes the Rights and Needs of LGBTQ Youth
MAC AIDS Fund (New York, NY); Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS (New York, NY); Arcus Foundation (New York, NY); Elton John Foundation (New York, NY). Center for HIV Law and Policy (CHLP). Teen SENSE (New York, NY).
"This Model Policy, designed for use by agencies and jurisdictions that provide services for youth in state custody, outlines the basic requirements for ensuring staff competence, including on the rights and needs of LGBTQ youth."... Read More
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1 page
2012
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Teen SENSE Model Staff Training Standards Focusing on the Needs of Youth in State Custody, Center for HIV Law and Policy
MAC AIDS Fund (New York, NY); Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS (New York, NY); Arcus Foundation (New York, NY); Elton John Foundation (New York, NY). Center for HIV Law and Policy (CHLP). Teen SENSE (New York, NY).
These standards “are designed to ensure that all staff of foster care, detention, and other government operated and regulated youth facilities are equipped to understand and protect the health and well-being of all youth, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity … The standards also reflect the need for universal staff competence in communicating with and advising all youth” (p. 4). Sections of these standards are: goal; target audience; core competencies of comprehensive training pro... Read More
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23 pages
2012
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LGBT Youth in Detention: Understanding and Integrating Equitable Services
By Wilber, Shannan; Brown, Bernadette; Celestine, Anthony. Juvenile Detention Alternative Initiative (JDAI). The Equity Project (Washington, DC).
This presentation is comprised of a series of questions regarding: what is known about LGBT youth; intake and risk assessment; gender and sexual orientation; name and pronoun; detention and family involvement; housing; and race. The resulting discussion results in covering: the available data on lesbian, gay, bisexual and gender nonconforming (LGBT) youth in detention; implications for practice; and integration of these issues in site-based reform efforts.... Read More
PDF
30 pages
2012
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Identification, Treatment and Correctional Management of Inmates Diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder (GID)
Massachusetts Dept. of Correction (Milford, MA).
“The purpose of this policy is to establish guidelines for the identification, treatment, and institutional management of inmates diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder (GID)” (p. 1). Procedures cover: responsibilities of the GID clinical supervision group; responsibilities of the GID Treatment Committee; identification and diagnosis of inmates with GID; treatment planning for inmates with GID; reporting; security review; and management and placement. A sample “Gender Identity (GID) Mental Heal... Read More
PDF
18 pages
2012
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Serving Our Youth: Findings from a National Survey of Service Providers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth who are Homeless or At Risk of Becoming Homeless
By Durso, Laura E.; Gates, Gary J.. Williams Institute (Los Angeles, CA); Palette Fund (New York, NY); True Colors Fund (New York, NY); National Runaway Switchboard (NRS) (Chicago, IL); CenterLink: The Community of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) Centers (Fort Lauderdale, FL).
This report “presents data from The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Homeless Youth Provider Survey, a web-based survey conducted from October 2011 through March 2012. The survey was designed to assess the experiences of homeless youth organizations in providing services to LGBT youth. It also assessed the prevalence of LGBT youth within the homeless populations being served by these organizations” (p. 3). Sections following an executive summary are: about this survey; characterist... Read More
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17 pages
2012
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A Quick Guide for LGBTI Policy Development for Adult Prisons and Jails
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This Quick Guide will help agencies and facilities develop a comprehensive response to working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) inmates. It is not meant to provide an answer to every question or an in-depth discussion of all issues that agencies face or that the LGBTI population faces while in custody. It provides an overview of the important issues that agencies should consider when working to house and treat LGBTI inmates in a way that is safe and consistent with ... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2012
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A Quick Guide for LGBTI Policy Development for Youth Confinement Facilities
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). The Moss Group, Inc. (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“This Quick Guide will help agencies and facilities develop a comprehensive response to working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) youth. It is not meant to provide an answer to every question or an in-depth discussion of all issues that agencies face or that the LGBTI population faces while in custody. It provides an overview of the important issues that agencies should consider when working to house and treat LGBTI youth in a way that is safe and consistent with an a... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2012
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LGBTI Populations: Their Safety, Your Responsibility [Satellite/Internet Broadcast]
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
Correctional agencies face many challenges surrounding the safe management of the populations they house and supervise. Due in part to changes in federal and state laws and the outcome of successful offender litigation, care and management of the LGBTI population has been identified as an emerging correctional issue that deserves special attention. While gender non-conforming offenders have always been present in facilities and on caseloads, we now have the opportunity to share information about... Read More
VIDEO
2 video DVDs (152 minutes)
2012
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Unfair Criminalization of LGBT Youth
By Moodie-Mills, Aisha; Williams, Marie; Wilson, Ryan; Rupert, Maya. Center for American Progress (Washington, DC).
“This event will examine the unfair criminalization of LGBT youth—from harsh school sanctions that perpetuate a school-to-prison pipeline, to the bias and abuse they face within the juvenile justice system. Participants will be briefed on the current research on LGBT youth in the juvenile justice system and school disciplinary issues, and will engage in a dialogue around policy solutions to address them.”... Read More
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88 minutes
2012
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Correcting Race and Gender: Prison Regulation of Social Hierarchy Through Dress
By Arkles, Gabriel.
'This Article examines the enforcement of racialized gender norms through the regulation of dress in prisons. Dress, including hair and clothing, is central to the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms based on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability. For many people, dress is a way to express identity, exercise autonomy, practice religion, participate politically, experience pleasure, preserve health, and... Read More
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80 pages
2012
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Correcting Race and Gender: Prison Regulation of Social Hierarchy Through Dress
By Arkles, Gabriel.
'This Article examines the enforcement of racialized gender norms through the regulation of dress in prisons. Dress, including hair and clothing, is central to the ways government and other institutions enforce hierarchical social norms based on the intersection of race and gender, as well as religion, sexuality, class, age, and disability. For many people, dress is a way to express identity, exercise autonomy, practice religion, participate politically, experience pleasure, preserve health, and... Read More
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80 pages
2012
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A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
PDF
37 pages
2012
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A Multi-State Recidivism Study Using Static-99R and Static-2002 Risk Scores and Tier Guidelines from the Adam Walsh Act
By Zgoba, Kristen M.; Miner, Michael; Knight, Raymond; Letourneau, Elizabeth; Levenson, Jill; Thornton, David. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
The effectiveness of various sex offender classification instruments is investigated. This research is important in determining the best practices driving the success of sex offender management classification systems allowing you to utilize the best tool in your jurisdiction. Sections of this report include: abstract; executive summary; introduction; research design and methods; results regarding the respective abilities of nationally recommended Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers and act... Read More
PDF
37 pages
2012
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Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
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Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010
By Snyder, Howard N.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (Washington, DC).
Arrest trends over the twenty year period of 1990 to 2010 are presented. Sections of this report are: highlights; introduction; murder and non-negligent manslaughter; forcible rape and other sex offenses; robbery; aggravated assault; simple assault; burglary; larceny-theft; motor vehicle theft; weapon law violations; and drug abuse violations. 'The number of murder arrests in the U.S. fell by half between 1990 and 2010. The adult and juvenile arrest rates dropped substantially in the 1990s, whil... Read More
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26 pages
2012
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Widening the Circle: Can Peacemaking Work Outside of Tribal Communities? A Guide for Planning
By Wolf, Robert V.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
“The innovative power of tribal jurisprudence, which long ago discovered alternative dispute resolution methods, can continue to provide direct benefit to non-Indian sovereigns and their citizens. Enriching and reciprocal potential exists; it is only a matter of whether the non-Indian world is ready to learn and appreciate the customary wisdom in tribal common law—Gloria Valencia-Weber” (p. 1). This guide provides an excellent introduction to this effective conflict resolution process. Sections ... Read More
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17 pages
2012
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Setting Gender Identity Free: Expanding Treatment for Transsexual Inmates
By Colopy, Travis Wright.
The author explains why “(1) the standard for adequate medical care requires only sex-appropriate hormone therapies for those transsexual inmates that need them, (2) sexual reassignment surgery is, in most cases, beyond the threshold of minimal adequate care and thus not required by the Eighth Amendment, and (3) prisons must provide housing that ensures the safety of transsexual inmates and the proper administration of adequate health care (p. 230). This Note is divided into four parts: transsex... Read More
PDF
46 pages
2012
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Setting Gender Identity Free: Expanding Treatment for Transsexual Inmates
By Colopy, Travis Wright.
The author explains why “(1) the standard for adequate medical care requires only sex-appropriate hormone therapies for those transsexual inmates that need them, (2) sexual reassignment surgery is, in most cases, beyond the threshold of minimal adequate care and thus not required by the Eighth Amendment, and (3) prisons must provide housing that ensures the safety of transsexual inmates and the proper administration of adequate health care (p. 230). This Note is divided into four parts: transsex... Read More
PDF
46 pages
2012
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Out and Down: Incarceration and Psychiatric Disorders
By Schnittker, Jason; Massoglia, Michael; Uggen, Christopher. American Sociological Association (ASA) (Washington, DC).
The relationship between incarceration and the psychiatric disorders of inmates is examined. Sections following an abstract include: background—the total institution and the pains of imprisonment, confounding and the effects of incarceration, a conceptual model illustrating influences in the incarceration-psychiatric disorder relationship, psychiatric disorders and disability; data and methods using the NCS-R (National Comorbidity Survey Replication); statistically significant results for the as... Read More
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17 pages
2012
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Referring Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings to Mentoring Programs: Effective Strategies and Practices to Improving the Mentoring Experience for At-Risk and High-Risk Youth: A Resource Compendium
By Miller, J. Mitchell; Miller, Holly Ventura; Barnes, J.C.; Clark, Pamela A.; Jones, Michael A.; Quiros, Ronald J.; Peterson, Scott Bernard. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). MENTOR: National Mentoring Partnership (Boston, MA); Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth. This research study [“Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: An Exploratory Analysis”], which used multiple methods to capture data from mentoring and juvenile justice settings, provides a deeper understanding of h... Read More

162 pages
2012
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Referring Youth in Juvenile Justice Settings to Mentoring Programs: Effective Strategies and Practices to Improving the Mentoring Experience for At-Risk and High-Risk Youth: A Resource Compendium
By Miller, J. Mitchell; Miller, Holly Ventura; Barnes, J.C.; Clark, Pamela A.; Jones, Michael A.; Quiros, Ronald J.; Peterson, Scott Bernard. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). MENTOR: National Mentoring Partnership (Boston, MA); Global Youth Justice (Washington, DC); National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
“As a low-cost delinquency prevention and intervention option that capitalizes on the resources of local communities and caring individuals, mentoring has emerged as a promising delinquency reduction strategy for at-risk or high-risk youth. This research study [“Researching the Referral Stage of Youth Mentoring in Six Juvenile Justice Settings: An Exploratory Analysis”], which used multiple methods to capture data from mentoring and juvenile justice settings, provides a deeper understanding of h... Read More

162 pages
2012
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Gender & Sexuality in the ABA Standards on the Treatment of Prisoners
By Love, Margaret Colgate; Shay, Giovanna. Western New England University School of Law (Springfield, MA).
Anyone involved in inmate management should be aware of this issues addressed by these standards, especially in light of PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act). “This Article describes provisions of the recently promulgated American Bar Association Criminal Justice Standards on the Treatment of Prisoners (2010 Standards or Standards) that address issues of gender and sexuality in a correctional setting” (p. 1217-1218). This paper is divided into four parts. Part I. Development of the ABA Standards o... Read More
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26 pages
2012
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Toolkit for Practitioners/Researchers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Runaway and Homeless Youth (RHY)
By Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin M.; Maccio, Elaine M.. U.S. Administration of Children and Families. Children’s Bureau (Washington, DC). Hunter College. Silberman School of School of Social Work. National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC) (New York, NY).
“The National Network for Youth estimates that 20-40% of all homeless youth are LGBTQ [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning]. Given that LGBTQ youth comprise less than 10% of the general youth population (ages 15-21), they are overrepresented in the RHY [Runaway and Homeless Youth] population. This suggests that 300,000-600,000 homeless youth may identify as LGBTQ” (p. 1). Many of these homeless LGBTQ youth will end up in the justice system. So the question begs to be answe... Read More

66 pages
2012
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Toolkit for Practitioners/Researchers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Runaway and Homeless Youth (RHY)
By Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin M.; Maccio, Elaine M.. U.S. Administration of Children and Families. Children’s Bureau (Washington, DC). Hunter College. Silberman School of School of Social Work. National Resource Center for Permanency and Family Connections (NRCPFC) (New York, NY).
“The National Network for Youth estimates that 20-40% of all homeless youth are LGBTQ [Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer/Questioning]. Given that LGBTQ youth comprise less than 10% of the general youth population (ages 15-21), they are overrepresented in the RHY [Runaway and Homeless Youth] population. This suggests that 300,000-600,000 homeless youth may identify as LGBTQ” (p. 1). Many of these homeless LGBTQ youth will end up in the justice system. So the question begs to be answe... Read More

66 pages
2011
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Performance Measurement and Evaluation: Definitions and Relationships
By Shipman, Stephanie. U.S. Government Accountability Office (Washington, DC).
“This glossary describes and explains the relationship between two common types of systematic program assessments: performance measures and program evaluations” (p. 1). Specific terms are organized into the following sections: types of performance assessment—performance measurement and program evaluation; relationship between performance measurement and program evaluation—different focus and different use; and types of program evaluation—process (or implementation) evaluation, outcome evaluation... Read More
PDF
2 pages
2011
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Strategic Segregation in the Modern Prison
By Dolovich, Sharon.
'In the Los Angeles County Jail'the biggest jail system in the country'officials have found a way to increase the personal security of gay men and trans women detainees without forcing them to choose between safety and community. For more than two decades, the L.A. County Sheriff's Department (the Department), which runs the County's jail system, has been systematically separating out the gay men and trans women admitted to the L.A. County Jail (the Jail) and housing them wholly apart from GP [g... Read More
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110 pages
2011
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Masculinity as Prison: Sexual Identity, Race, and Incarceration
By Robinson, Russell K..
“The Los Angeles County Men’s Jail segregates gay and transgender inmates and says that it does so to protect them from sexual assault. But not all gay and transgender inmates qualify for admission to the K6G unit. Transgender inmates must appear transgender to staff that inspect them. Gay men must identify as gay in a public space and then satisfactorily answer a series of cultural questions designed to determine whether they really are gay” (p. 1309). The author argues that the policy governin... Read More
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100 pages
2011
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Surviving Prison in California: Advice By and For Transgender Women|First Edition
TGI (Transgender Gender Variant Intersex) Justice (San Francisco, CA).
'This guide was created because trans women imprisoned in the SF [San Francisco] jails expressed a need for detailed information about going to prison or back to prison after not having been there in a long time' (p. 1). This guide is not only extremely valuable for trans women but for those working with them. Being aware of the issues impacting trans women will make it much easier to understand and effectively manage this population. Information and tips are provided for housing and classificat... Read More
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10 pages
2011
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Exploring the Evidence: The Value of Juvenile Drug Courts
By van Wormer, Jacqueline; Lutze, Faith.
“This article will focus on the latest juvenile drug court research findings, and will remind courts about the importance of following “Juvenile Drug Courts: Strategies in Practice (16 Strategies in Practice)” and maintaining and maintaining a focus on strong and effective collaboration. New research shows that not only can juvenile drug courts be effective in reducing recidivism and substance use among adolescents, but also that following the model and strategies is critical to program success... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2011
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Promoting a Safe and Respectable Environment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth and their Families Involved in the Child Welfare System; and Guidelines for Promoting a Safe and Respectable Environment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth and their Families Involved with DYFJ
New York City Administration for Children's Services (ACS). Division of Policy and Planning. Policy Development and Program Planning (New York, NY).
“The purpose of these policies is to provide direction to Children'[s] Services and provider agency staff and volunteers on sensitive, inclusive and gender neutral practice as well as strategies to address bias and meet the unique needs of our youth and families. It should be used as best practice guidelines by Children's Services and provider agency staff and volunteers in order to provide LGBTQ youth and families with services in a respectful, safe, inclusive, culturally competent and affirm... Read More
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40 pages
2011
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A Place of Respect: A Guide for Group Care Facilities Serving Transgender and Gender Non-Conforming Youth
By Marksamer, Jody; Spade, Dean; Arkles, Gabriel. National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR) (San Francisco, CA); Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
“Transgender and gender non-conforming youth often face serious physical, emotional, and sexual abuse in group homes, detention centers, and correctional institutions. Because staff members are often unsure of how to provide respectful and supportive services to these youth, they may unwittingly subject them to situations that are discriminatory and harmful. This guide offers group care facilities information and tools to provide transgender and gender non-conforming young people with appropriat... Read More
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76 pages
2011
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Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People
By World Professional Association for Transgender Health, Inc. (WPATH) (Minneapolis, MN).
“The overall goal of the SOC [Standards of Care] is to provide clinical guidance for health professionals to assist transsexual, transgender, and gender nonconforming people with safe and effective pathways to achieving lasting personal comfort with their gendered selves, in order to maximize their overall health, psychological well-being, and self-fulfillment … While this is primarily a document for health professionals, the SOC may also be used by individuals, their families, and social instit... Read More
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120 pages
2011
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Non-Discriminatory, Developmentally-Sound Treatment of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Youth
New Orleans Juvenile Detention Center (New Orleans, LA); Louisiana Dept. of Human Services (Baton Rouge, LA).
This groundbreaking policy explains how detention staff will supervise Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) youth. It is considered one of the best policies of its kind. If you are looking to develop such a policy you would do well to look at this one. “Staff shall not discriminate against or harass, physically or verbally, any youth in our care because the juvenile is lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender or because a staff member perceives a juvenile to be LGBT. Staff must also protec... Read More
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3 pages
2011
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Gender Identity Disorder Evaluation and Treatment
By Kendig, Newton E.; Samuels, Charles E., Jr.. U.S. Bureau of Prisons (Washington, DC).
A memorandum regarding the evaluation and treatment of inmates with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) is presented. It is to be immediately implemented in response to a lawsuit settled with Vanessa Adams, a FEDERAL Bureau of Prisons (BOP) inmate at FMC Butler (NC) who has GID. “In summary, inmates in the custody of the Bureau with a possible diagnosis of GID will receive a current individualized assessment and evaluation. Treatment options will not be precluded solely due to level of services recei... Read More
PDF
4 pages
2011
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Criminal Justice? New Fast Facts about Transgender People, Police, and Incarceration
FORGE (Milwaukee, WI).
Highlights from a survey of transgender or gender non-conforming people regarding their involvement with police and experiences while incarcerated are presented. Statistics are presented concerning: the percentage of individuals having contact with police; how comfortable this population is asking for help from the police; individuals assaulted by the police; the percentage of individuals sent to jail or prison; and the percentage of those assaulted while incarcerated. The survey is called “Inju... Read More
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1 page
2011
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Andrea Fields, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, Cross-Appellants, v. Judy P. Smith, et al., Defendants-Appellants, Cross-Appellees
U.S. Court of Appeals (7th Circuit).
The U.S. Appeals Court affirms the District Court’s decision that Wisconsin’s Act 105, the Inmate Sex Change Prevention Act, violates the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment. It should be noted that the plaintiffs had been receiving hormone treatment prior to the Acts passage.... Read More
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19 pages
2011
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LGBTQ Youth in the Juvenile Justice System [Parts 1 and 2]
By Valentino, Amanda. American Bar Association. Section of Litigation (Chicago, IL).
Issues surrounding justice-involved lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning/queer (LGBTQ) youth are discussed. It is vitally important for individuals working with youth to know that at least 13% of juveniles involved with the juvenile justice system are LGBTQ and require services and programs to address their particular needs and to keep them safe. Sections of Part 1 include: an increase in identifies LGBTQ youth; disproportionate representation; examples of abuse; and that isolati... Read More
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9 pages
2010
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Memorandum: Vanessa Adams, legal name, Nicholas Adams, Plaintiff, v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, et al., Defendants
U.S. District Court. District of Massachusetts (Boston, MA).
“Plaintiff, an inmate in the custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, asserts that Defendants have subjected her to cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution by denying her appropriate medical treatment for her diagnosed condition of Gender Identity Disorder. Presently at issue is Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint [#20]. For the following reasons, Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint [#20] is DENIED” (p. ... Read More
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13 pages
2010
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Two-Spirited People and Social Work Practice: Exploring the History of Aboriginal Gender and Sexual Diversity
By Alaers, Jill.
“Diversity of sexual orientation appears to be universal throughout human history. This article explores gender and sexual diversity of non-Aboriginal and traditional First Nations groups in North America, and the reclamation of traditional roles and identities by contemporary two-spirits. This article argues that social workers, as well as various other human service professionals stand to improve the quality of their practice by seeking deeper understanding of sexual and gender diversity throu... Read More
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18 pages
2010
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Toilet Training Companion Guide for Activists and Educators
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
Even though this guide is intended to accompany a video about bathroom access for transgender and gender non-conforming individuals, it is an excellent resource that can be used by itself. It aims to “start conversations not only about trans bathroom access, but also about the impact of all sex-segregated facilities (shelters, jails and prisons, group homes, drug treatment facilities, etc.) on people who do not fit within gender norms. This is one of the most controversial and important fronts i... Read More
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23 pages
2010
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Forced Integration of Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered Inmates in California State Prisons: From Protected Minority to Exposed Victims
By Lara, Alexander.
“This Note seeks to evaluate the background and application of administrative segregation of gay, bisexual, and transgendered inmates in Men’s Central and the repercussions of introducing previously segregated inmates into the general population of California state prisons” (p. 591). Sections comprising this article are: introduction; incarcerating sexual minorities—splintered masculinity or a manufactured social hierarchy based on power and submission, and prison officials’ perceptions of inmat... Read More
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26 pages
2010
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Lost In the Gender Maze: Placement of Transgender Inmates In the Prison System
By Shah, Benish A..
“This article addresses one critical issue, of the many, faced by transgender inmates: placement into male or female prisons and holding cells based on genitalia instead of gender identification” (p. 40). Sections contained in this article are: introduction; transgender identity under the U.S. legal system; the facts about transgender individuals in the prison system—initial booking protocol (let the abuse begin), prison sentences (more time, more violence), the Farmer Standard, and rape and vio... Read More
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18 pages
2010
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Why It Matters: Rethinking Victim Assistance for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Victims of Hate Violence & Intimate Partner Violence
National Center for Victims of Crime (Washington, DC); National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) (New York, NY).
“The National Center and NCAVP [National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs] began this collaborative survey and report to gain a better understanding of the victim services provided to LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer] victims of crime throughout the United States. The focus of this joint policy report is on the crimes of hate violence and intimate partner violence against LGBTQ people … This report confirms that gaps in services for LGBTQ victims of violence exist and sho... Read More
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25 pages
2010
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Agnes Goes to Prison: Sexual Assault and the “Olympics of Gender Authenticity” Among Transgender Inmates in California’s Prisons
By Jenness, Valarie.
Issues relate to transgender inmates in California’s prisons are discussed. Parts comprising this presentation are: good reasons to study transgender inmates—growing awareness of transgender people in the U.S. and in correctional settings, high profile court cases brought forth by transgender inmates, legislative mandates, high rates of sexual assault among this population, and systematic and empirical examination of transgender inmates is lacking; California Department of Corrections and Rehabi... Read More
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88 pages
2010
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Systems of Injustice: Criminal Justice
Sylvia Rivera Law Project (SRLP) (New York, NY).
“This diagram illustrates how overpolicing and profiling of low income people and of trans and gender non-conforming people intersect, producing a far higher risk than average of imprisonment, police harassment, and violence for low income trans people.” It also describes the additional gender-related harms suffered while in the custody of the criminal justice system.... Read More
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1 page
2010
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Locked Up & Out: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Youth in Louisiana’s Juvenile Justice System
By Ware, Wesley. Juvenile Justice Project of Louisiana (JJPL) (New Orleans, LA).
The strategies offered for addressing the challenges LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) youth must deal with in correctional facilities will provide guidance for other correctional agencies facing similar problems. Sections of this report include: introduction; LGBT 101; juvenile justice in Louisiana; demographic profiles of Louisiana secure youth population; incarcerated youth in Louisiana; risk factors for LGBT youth in Louisiana; LGBT youth inside Louisiana’s secure care facilitie... Read More
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38 p.
2010
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Preventing the Sexual Abuse of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex People in Correctional Settings
National Center for Transgender Equality (Washington, DC); National Center for Lesbian Rights (San Francisco, CA); American Civil Liberties Union (New York, NY); Transgender Law Center (San Francisco, CA); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
The “need for all four sets of standards [found in the National Standards to Prevent, Detect, and Respond to Prison Rape] to account for the vulnerabilities of LGBTI [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex] individuals in detention” is explained (p. 2). Sections of these comments include: LGBTI people in detention are particularly at risk of sexual abuse; support for specific standards; recommendations to enhance the standards; responses to questions in the ANPR (Advance Notice of Pro... Read More
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30 pages
2010
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“We’ve Had Three of Them”: Addressing the Invisibility of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Gender Non-Conforming Youths in the Juvenile Justice System
By Irvine, Angela.
“[M]yths around the nonexistence of LGB and gender non-conforming [LGBT] youths in the juvenile justice system persist, presenting numerous challenges to the equitable treatment of such youths. Juvenile justice professionals need to know that [LGBT] youth exist within the system, and that [LGBT] youth often enter the juvenile justice system for different reasons than straight youth … Juvenile justice professional need to know the underlying reasons for [LGBT youths’] failure to remain at home, i... Read More
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27 pages
2010
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A Provider’s Introduction to Substance Abuse Treatment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals
U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (Rockville, MD).
“This publication presents information to assist providers in improving substance abuse treatment for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans-gender (LGBT) clients by raising awareness about the issues unique to LGBT clients. Sensitizing providers to these unique issues will, it is hoped, result in more effective treatment and improved treatment outcomes. Effective treatment with any population should be sensitive and culturally competent. Substance abuse treatment providers, counselors, therapists, a... Read More
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228 pages
2009
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Large Jail Network Meeting, March 29-31. 2009, Aurora, Colorado
By Clem, Constance. Clem Information Strategies (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Washington, DC).
Contents of these proceedings are: introduction; meeting take-aways in brief; illegal alien programs; proactive discipline, part 2; PREA update; intersex and transgender issues; Legal Issues in Jails--2009; open forum; announcements; LJN business; final meeting agenda; participant list; and index of past LJN meeting topics.... Read More
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61 p.
2007
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Managing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Inmates: Is Your Jail Ready?
By Leach, Donald L., II. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). LIS, Inc. (Longmont, CO); National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
The management of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex inmates (LGBTI) in a jail setting is addressed. Sections contained in this article are: a terminology lesson; the sexual being -- physiognomy, gender identity, and sexual orientation; and responses in the jail regarding medical care, data systems, security, housing, and clothing.... Read More
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6 p.
2007
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Asking the Right Questions 2: Talking with Clients about Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Mental Health, Counseling and Addiction Settings
By Barbara, Angela M.; Doctor, Farzana; Chaim, Gloria. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) (Toronto, Ontario).
“This manual will help therapists/counsellors create an environment where lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, two-spirit, intersex, and queer (LGBTTTIQ) clients feel comfortable identifying themselves as such. This will allow therapists/counsellors to: best assess the specific needs of LGBTTTIQ clients; engage these clients in a positive treatment process; develop specifically tailored treatment plans; [and] make appropriate referrals” (p. 1). Sections comprising this guide inclu... Read More

72 pages
2006
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The Legal Rights of Young People in State Custody: What Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Professionals Need to Know When Working with LGBT Youth
By Estrada, Rudy; Marksamer, Jody. National Center for Lesbian Rights (San Francisco, CA); Lambda Legal (New York, NY).
The legal rights of LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) youth are discussed through the use of scenarios that show professionals in child welfare and juvenile justice what they may experience working with this population. This paper is divided into four parts: the Constitutional right to safety-- in foster care and juvenile detention and correctional facilities; other constitutional rights—the right to equal protection, and First Amendment rights; state non-discrimination laws; and co... Read More
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17 pages
2006
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LGBT Youth in Detention: Myth and Reality
Correctional Association of New York. New York Juvenile Justice Coalition (New York, NY).
Ten myths regarding justice-involved lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth are addressed. The myths discussed are: adolescents are too youth to be aware of their sexual identity; LGBT youth are manipulative; LGBT youth should be less open about their sexuality in order not to get picked on; kids get picked on, so being LGBT should be no different; LGBT youth never complain so all must be OK; for their safety, LGBT youth should be separated from the general population; the only way... Read More
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3 pages
2006
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Best Practice Principles: Gay and Lesbian Youth in Care
By Ragg, D. Mark; Patrick, Dennis. Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) (Washington, DC).
“For adolescents, developing and integrating their identity can be difficult. For gay and lesbian youth, this task is greatly complicated because they must integrate an identity that diverges from mainstream society … Gay and lesbian youth need help resolving adolescent identity crises” (p. 1). This article provides guidance for out-of-home care professionals in supporting gay and lesbian youth as they figure out who they are going to be. Best practices tend to cluster around three areas: vulne... Read More
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4 pages
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