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Browsing Documents Related to 'Evidence-Based Practice'

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Date Title Type
Document 026917
Evidence-Based Practices in the Criminal Justice System: An Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
“What Is the Evidence? Evidence-based policy and practice is focused on reducing offender risk, which in turn reduces new crime and improves public safety. Of the many available approaches to community supervision, a few core principles stand out as proven risk reduction strategies. Though not all of the principles are supported by the same weight of evidence, each has been proven to influence positive behavior change. To organize the research, these core principles have been compiled… into the ... Read More

92 pages
Document 032831
A Framework for Pretrial Justice: Essential Elements of an Effective Pretrial System and Agency
By Pilnik, Lisa; Hankey, Barbara; Simoni, Elizabeth; Kennedy, Spurgeon; Moore, Leland J.; Sawyer, Jim. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Pretrial Executive Network (Washington, DC).
This document highlights the commitment of the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) to define and support evidence-based practices that improve decision-making at the pretrial stage of our criminal justice system, enhancing the safety of America’s communities and fostering the fair administration of pretrial release and detention. With the release of A Framework for Pretrial Justice: Essential Elements of an Effective Pretrial System and Agency, NIC and its Pretrial Executive Network helps in... Read More

65 pages
Document 032607
Reducing Recidivism in Massachusetts with a Comprehensive Strategy
By Jones, Jonathan; Forman, Benjamin. Hyams Foundation (Boston, MA). Massachusetts Institute for a New Commonwealth (MassINC) (Boston, MA).
"This policy brief offers fodder for the state’s Justice Reinvestment leaders as they contemplate the changes necessary to increase the system’s focus on recidivism reduction and achieve results" (p. 2). ... Read More

20 pages
Document 032708
Aligning Leadership and Management Practices with EBP
By Aguilar-Amaya, Maria.
"When we think of EBP (evidence-based practices), we often think of how probation officers are applying evidence based principles into their daily supervision practices. Much of the literature out there on EBP focuses on program outcomes and supervision. There is sparse literature when it comes to EBP and leadership and management practices. The following focuses on aligning management practices with EBP" (p. 78). ... Read More

Document 030146
Legislating Evidence-Based Policymaking
Pew Charitable Funds (Washington, DC); John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL).
"Under increasing pressure to demonstrate effectiveness and do more with less, many governments are expanding their use of evidence-based programs—those shown in rigorous evaluations to be effective. Committing to such proven programs can help governments strengthen efficiency and accountability and achieve better outcomes for residents" (p. 1). This article explains how various states have used evidence-based practices (EBPs) in their policymaking. Sections of this brief cover: what evidence-ba... Read More

8 pages
Document 029874
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Cognitive Behavioral Approaches [Webinar]
By Starkovich, Kathy; Moseng, Laura; Prince, Reginald; Brooks, Carol Cramer, Moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI) .
"Cognitive behavioral approaches come from two separate psychological theories: cognitive theory says that the way someone thinks will determine their behavior; behavioral theory says that the environment in which a person finds him or herself also affects behavior. The examples presented in this Webinar illustrate the blending of cognitive and behavioral theories resulting in effective practice across custody settings. Panelists share the principles specific to their cognitive behavioral theory... Read More

84 minutes
Document 029908
Understanding, Promoting, and Sustaining the Use of Research and Evidence-Based Practices by State Administering Agencies
By Orchowsky, Stan; Przybylski, Roger. U.S. Bureau of Justice (BJA) (Washington, DC). Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) (Washington, DC); National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA) (Washington DC).
These toolkits comprise "a series on promoting the use of evidence-based practices in State Administering Agencies (SAAs) [in understanding and implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs) in their states]. These toolkits include a briefing paper, an executive summary, and a slideshow. The slideshows can be tailored by SAAs to highlight their own efforts in promoting evidence-based practices in their state. Additional toolkits are currently being developed based on feedback from SAA directors". ... Read More

Document 029940
Evidence-Based Practices (EBPs) Resources
GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY) .
"In the field of behavioral health, the term evidence-based practices (EBPs) refers to interventions that have been rigorously tested, have yielded consistent, replicable results, and have proven safe, beneficial, and effective for most people diagnosed with mental illness and substance use disorders … Identifying “what works” and applying the evidence-based knowledge to program development is critically important to the field to assure the use of best practices in behavioral health service prov... Read More

Document 028408
Analysis of the Use of the Structured Decisionmaking Framework in Three States
By Serin, Ralph; Gobeil, Renee. NIC-TA#10C82GKD0; National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). Carleton University. Criminal Justice Decision-Making Laboratory (Ottawa, Ontario); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
"In recent years, interest in high-quality parole decisionmaking has grown significantly. Paroling authorities are under considerable pressure and subject to substantial public scrutiny as they strive to reach high-quality parole decisions that ensure public safety. In this context, the Legal Decision-Making Lab at Carleton University has been working for nearly a decade to develop and improve a decisionmaking tool for parole practitioners. This tool, the Structured Decisionmaking Framework, act... Read More

60 pages
Document 029831
A Practical Approach to Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems
By Howell, James C. (Buddy); Lipsey, Mark W.; Wilson, John J.; Howell, Megan Q.. National Partnership for Juvenile Services (NPJS) (Lexington, KY).
"This article presents a practical approach that JJ [juvenile justice] systems can take in achieving evidence-based programming that reduces recidivism. Most JJ system programs produce relatively small reductions in recidivism, on average, thus there is much room for improvement. A research-based approach to making program improvements system-wide—and with that, increase the cost effectiveness of the system itself—is presented in this article. The success of this effort, however, depends on deli... Read More

21 pages
Document 029872
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Positive Youth Development [Webinar]
By Butts, Jeffrey A.; Harrigfeld, Sharon; Wilder, Beverly; Thomas, Daniel; Clark, Pam, moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI) .
"People often assume that youth who engage in delinquent behavior are destined to be lifetime criminals. A different view recognizes that these youth have untapped strengths and assets yet to be identified and developed. The Positive Youth Justice Model, grounded in the principles of Positive Youth Development (PYD), provides a framework for intervening with justice-involved youth in ways that capitalize on their strengths and meet their developmental needs. Panelists will review PYD principles... Read More

79 minutes
Document 029575
What Works and What Doesn’t in Reducing Recidivism with Youthful Offenders
By Latessa, Edward J..
This is a great introduction about how to effectively reduce youthful offender recidivism. Topics discussed include: the meaning of evidence based practice (EBP); five things EBP requires; what research tells us; principles for effective interventions—risk (who), need (what), treatment (how), and fidelity (how well); risk principle—"Risk refers to the risk of reoffending not the seriousness of the offense", target higher risk youth, provide most intensive interventions to higher risk youth, and ... Read More
82 pages
Document 029873
What Works: The Practitioner's Response to Theory and Evidence: Trauma-Informed Care [Webinar]
By Fosler, Dixie; Negron, Gladys; Tomassone, Joseph; Martinez, Natasha, moderator. U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC). National Center for Youth in Custody (NCYC) (Kalamazoo, MI).
"This Webinar will provide a training and testimonial to the use and success of Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) in Juvenile Detention Centers. Panelists will explain what TIC is, how to go about implementing it in facilities, as well as what is currently being done in TIC facilities. They will also share their observations and success rates. Learning Objectives: Discuss fiscally responsible, practical ideas on how to create a trauma-informed environment within a secure juvenile justice setting; Und... Read More

83 minutes
Document 027940
Dosage Probation: Rethinking the Structure of Probation Sentences
By Carter, Madeline M.; Sankovitz, Richard J.. NIC-12CS09GKM1; National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) (Silver Spring, MD).
This is a great introduction to a new probation strategy which links “the duration of probation supervision to the optimal amount of intervention an offender needs in order to reduce risk of reoffense”. This monograph “provides a policy and practice framework upon which this new model of supervision can be constructed. It offers a review of evidence-based approaches to reducing recidivism in our communities, the most recent research on dosage, and its applicability to sentencing and community su... Read More
22 pages
Document 028355
Case Study: New York City Department of Probation’s Federal Partnership Efforts: Profile of a Successful Technical Assistance Collaboration With the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the National Institute of Corrections
By Ziedenburg, Jason. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC); National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). Fox Valley Technical College (Appleton, WI); New York City Dept. of Probation (New York, NY).
"The New York City Department of Probation (DOP)—the second largest probation department in the country—is advancing a process to infuse evidence-based policies and practices (EBPP) throughout the organization … What is significant for the purpose of this story is that the Federal agencies were able to thoughtfully, strategically, respectfully, and effectively apply the right dosage of technical assistance to the moving train in a way that made the most of the investment and the capacity that BJ... Read More
25 pages
Document 028349
Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JIIE)
Kennesaw State University. Center for Sustainable Journalism. Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JIIE) (Kennesaw, GA).
This is the go to place for current information about juvenile justice issues. Anyone working with juvenile offenders should visit this website. "The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange (JJIE) is the only publication covering juvenile justice and related issues nationally on a consistent, daily basis. In the past, traditional journalism organizations filled this function. Today, due to shrinking resources, there are large gaps in that coverage. The Juvenile Justice Information Exchange fill... Read More
Document 028356
CJ-TRAK Knowledge Translation Tool Suite
George Mason University. Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE!) (Fairfax, VA).
"Moving knowledge about evidence-based practices (EBPs) from research into practice in the justice and treatment systems is essential for improving both offender (client-level) and system-level outcomes. The Criminal Justice Targeted Research and Application of Knowledge (CJ-TRAK) website is home to several decision-support tools designed to facilitate knowledge translation in the justice/treatment system for justice-involved populations." The RNR Simulation Tool can be used to figure out what p... Read More
Document 029531
Updated Inventory of Evidence-Based, Research-Based, and Promising Practices for Prevention and Intervention Services For Children and Juveniles in the Child Welfare, Juvenile Justice, and Mental Health Systems
Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) (Olympia, WA); University of Washington. Evidence-Based Institute (EBPI) (Seattle, WA).
Prevention and intervention services (mental health, child welfare, and juvenile justice) provided to children and juveniles are inventoried. These programs are primarily evidence-based and research-based and offered in a culturally competent way. "The definitions developed for evidence-based and research-based are high standards of rigor and represent programs that demonstrate effectiveness at achieving certain outcomes … To assemble the inventory, we operationalize each criterion for both the... Read More
11 pages
Document 028476
OJJDP Model Programs Guide
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) (Washington, DC).
"The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s (OJJDP’s) Model Programs Guide (MPG) contains information about evidence-based juvenile justice and youth prevention, intervention, and reentry programs. It is a resource for practitioners and communities about what works, what is promising, and what does not work in juvenile justice, delinquency prevention, and child protection and safety. MPG uses expert study reviewers and CrimeSolutions.gov’s program review process, scoring instrum... Read More
Document 028473
Implementing Evidence-Based Services [Webinar]
By Rosica, Beth Ann; Mendez, Francis. Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Washington, DC).
If you are looking for an excellent introduction to how to implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) in your juvenile agency, then this webinar is for you. Topics discussed include: how to identify EBPs; best proven model programs; advantages of proven EBPs; getting customer buy-in for EBP implementation; facing agency challenges during EBP adoption; key drivers; embedding EBPs in a juvenile justice agency; referral and engagement-- data collection; data collection example; analyzing family enga... Read More
66 minutes
Document 029562
EBP Integrated Model / Implementing Effective Correctional Management of Offenders in the Community: An Integrated Model
Crime and Justice Institute (CRJ) (Boston, MA).
This website provides resources which will help your agency "to build learning organizations that reduce recidivism through systemic integration of evidence-based principles in collaboration with community and justice partners … The project’s Integrated Model is based on the premise that successful implementation of evidence-based principles in community corrections can only be achieved when integrated with corresponding organizational development and collaboration. The project is designed to pr... Read More
Document 029547
Most States Cut Imprisonment and Crime
Pew Charitable Trusts (Washington, DC).
This is an excellent infographic showing how reductions in incarceration lead to decreases in crime. "Over the past five years, the majority of states have reduced their imprisonment rates while experiencing less crime. The relationship between incarceration and crime is complex, but states continue to show that it is possible to reduce both at the same time." A bar chart shows the change in imprisonment rate compared to the change in crime rate over the period of 2008 through 2013 for all 50 st... Read More
Document 029768
Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems Initiative
By Buck Willison, Janeen; Lachman, Pamela; Pope, Dwight; Holand, Ashleigh. NIC-11A08GKH1. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
This brief covers results from the report "Evaluation of Phase II Technical Assistance for Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems" by Janeen Buck Willison, Pamela Lachman, Dwight Pope, and Ashleigh Holand (issued June 2012) available at http://nicic.gov/Library/029767. It "describes the EBDM Phase II technical assistance approach and presents findings and themes from the process evaluation and outcome assessment of the technical assistance delivered to the seven sites s... Read More
8 pages
Document 029767
Evaluation of Phase II Technical Assistance for Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems
By Buck Willison, Janeen; Lachman, Pamela; Pope, Dwight; Holand, Ashleigh. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); NIC-11A08GKH1. Urban Institute. Crime and Justice (Washington, DC).
"This report describes the EBDM [Evidence-Based Decision-Making] Phase II technical assistance approach and presents findings and themes from the process evaluation and outcome assessment (conducted from October 2010 to February 2012) of the technical assistance delivered to the seven sites selected under Phase II of the EBDM initiative … The Phase II technical assistance approach sought to facilitate both the Framework’s goals of recidivism reduction and harm reduction. This involved the adopti... Read More
78 pages
Document 028469
Toward Evidence-Based Decision Making in Community Corrections: Research and Strategies for Successful Implementation
By Haas, Stephen M., editor. Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) (Washington, DC).
This publication "contains invited articles on community corrections, with special emphasis on successful implementation strategies. A common thread that runs through these articles relates to what is needed to better ensure fidelity to evidence-based practices in community supervision and treatment. The research and implementation strategies shared by the authors should provide greater guidance to agency and program administrators working to assimilate evidence-based practices into their organi... Read More
17 pages
Document 028402
A Toolkit for Applying the Cultural Enhancement Model To Evidence-Based Practice
By Walker, Sarah Cusworth; Trupin, Eric; Hansen, Jacquelyn. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). University of Washington (UW) Medicine. Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. Division of Behavioral Health and Justice Policy (Seattle, WA); Washington Models for Change (Seattle, WA).
"At a national level, minority clients are less likely to access mental and behavioral health services and drop out of treatment more frequently than nonminority counterparts. While this phenomenon is driven by social and economic factors, it is reasonable to assume it also may be due to a lack of adequate training in culturally congruent therapeutic approaches. The Cultural Enhancement Model presented in this paper addresses engagement factors at the community and individual-level in order to... Read More
54 pages
Document 028186
Women's Risk Factors and New Treatments/Interventions for Addressing Them: Evidence-Based Interventions in the United States and Canada
By Van Voorhis, Patricia. United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI) (Tokyo, Japan) .
This paper describes assessments of female offenders used by correctional agencies and the programs and resources provided by these agencies to meet female offenders' needs. "The two, assessments and programs/services go together. The assessments tell us what is needed and the programs address identified needs" (p. 43). Topics discussed include: gender-responsive risk assessments and the risk factors they identify; women's pathways to crime—child abuse pathway, relational pathway, and the social... Read More
18 pages
Document 027773
Inventory of Evidence-Based and Research-Based Programs for Adult Corrections
By Drake, Elizabeth. Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) (Olympia, WA).
Evidence-based and research-based programs to be used by adult corrections in Washington State are inventoried. Three parts comprise this report: definitions—evidence-based, research-based, and cost-beneficial; updated reviews using a three-step research process (evidence, benefits and costs, and risk), effective practices in community corrections, sex offender treatment, and conclusion; and the inventory. “WSIPP identified two programs—sex offender treatment and EPICS—that were not previously i... Read More
8 pages
Document 027524
Testing the Effects of New York’s Domestic Violence Courts: A Statewide Impact Evaluation
By Cissner, Amanda B.; Labriola, Melissa; Rempel, Michael. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
The effectiveness of domestic violence courts to positively impact court processing, case resolutions, and recidivism is examined. If you are planning to implement a domestic violence court in your jurisdiction or are looking for ways to improve it, then you should read this report. This study found that court policies “varied widely across several domains, including specific accountability measures (i.e., use of various sanctions for noncompliance), victim safety and services (e.g., use of prot... Read More
90 pages
Document 027567
Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More
16 pages
Document 028172
Evidence Based Decision Making from Principle to Practice
By King, Gary; Bresina, Dan; Glenna, Tiana; Leicht, Niki. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC). One Less; National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Evidence Based Decision Making Panel (EBDM) (Washington, DC).
"NIC partnered with the Center for Effective Public Policy to build a system-wide framework (arrest through final disposition and discharge) that when implemented will result in more collaborative, evidence-based decision making and practices in local criminal justice systems. The purpose of this initiative is to equip criminal justice policymakers in local communities with the information, processes, and tools that will result in measurable reductions of pretrial misconduct and post-conviction ... Read More
74 pages
Document 027740
Supported Employment for Justice-Involved People with Mental Illness
By Bond, Gary R.. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
“Employment is a key to community reintegration for both people with mental illness and those with justice involvement. At present, the empirical literature on employment services for justice-involved people with or without mental illness is meager. By contrast, an extensive evidence base documents the effectiveness of a specific employment model for people with severe mental illness: the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment” (p. 1). This publication covers: the I... Read More
4 pages
Document 027741
Forensic Assertive Community Treatment: Updating the Evidence
By Morrissey, Joseph P.. GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation (Delmar, NY).
This brief provides a great introduction to forensic assertive community treatment (FACT). FACT is “an adaptation of the traditional assertive community treatment (ACT) model for people with serious mental illness who are involved with the criminal justice … ACT is a psychosocial intervention that was developed for people with severe mental illness (a subset of serious mental illness, marked by a higher degree of functional disability) who have significant difficulty living independently, high s... Read More
4 pages
Document 028249
Implementing Evidence-Based Practices
Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaboration for Change (NCMHJJ) (Delmar, NY).
This website is an excellent resource for "information that is aimed at helping communities address the needs of their juvenile justice-involved youth who are experiencing behavioral health disorders. Guidance from the field is laid out in [four] phases and [ten] steps, allowing readers to access practical information, resources, and examples most appropriate to their stage of program development. Each step includes resources that are organized into three categories: key websites, examples from ... Read More
Document 027244
Get Smart About … Rewards and Sanctions: The Facts about Contingency Management
National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
“A risk-based Incentives and Sanctions program is an evidence-based intervention where supervising officers apply sanctions or rewards in response to specific behaviors of the offender. The goal is to increase positive behavior change related to behavior such as reducing drug use or applying for jobs” (p. 1). This primer covers what contingency management is; how it works; why it works; who to use it with; important things to remember; what the research says; the immediate, certain, relevant, an... Read More
2 pages
Document 027265
When a Person Isn’t a Data Point: Making Evidence-Based Practice Work
By Lowenkamp, Christopher T.; Holsinger, Alexander M.; Robinson, Charles R.; Cullen, Francis T..
This article presents a critical look at the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in corrections. “While we [the authors] agree that the field of corrections has increased the quality of programming and services over the years (i.e., listening to the data points), we argue that the EBP movement in the field of corrections is widespread but exceedingly shallow (failing to see the person) … In an effort to illustrate how we have missed the essence of EBP in corrections, we present the history of... Read More
16 pages
Document 027260
Six Steps to Improve Your Drug Court Outcomes for Adults with Co-Occurring Disorders
By Steadman, Henry J.; Peters, Roger H.; Carpenter, Christine; Mueser, Kim T.; Jaeger, Norma D.; Gordon, Richard B.; Fisler, Carol; Goss, Stephen; Olson, Eric; Osher, Fred C.; Noether, Chanson D.; Hardin, Carolyn. National Drug Court Institute (NDCI) (Alexandria, VA).
“One of the biggest challenges for drug courts is effectively working with participants with co-occurring disorders. By definition, persons with the dual diagnosis of both substance use disorders and mental illnesses have co-occurring disorders … every adult drug court can achieve positive outcomes for persons with co-occurring disorders—if the court is committed to doing so. With some creativity and thoughtful planning, most persons with co-occurring disorders can successfully participate in d... Read More
28 pages
Document 027236
Measuring Success: A Guide to Becoming an Evidence-Based Practice
By Fratello, Jennifer; Kapur, Tarika Daftary; Chasan, Alice. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Chicago, IL). Vera Institute of Justice. Center on Youth Justice (New York, NY).
This is a great introduction to the process by which an organization can evaluate whether a program is evidence-based. “Although this guide grows out of and is targeted to juvenile justice practitioners, it is generally applicable to programs in other social service fields as well. It also bears noting that the steps described here are neither simple nor easy. Nevertheless, they are worth undertaking—even if a program does not complete the entire process, any progress along the way is likely to ... Read More
12 pages
Document 027392
Juvenile Justice Reform: More Bang for the Buck
By Wiederstein, Robert.
“Meaningful juvenile justice reform follows a predictable path. A prerequisite is understanding that punitive, exclusionary and stigmatizing interventions are unlikely to reduce crime and may increase anti-social behavior. Of those, incarceration and out-of-home placement are the most expensive and detrimental interventions. Put another way, a great deal of research supports which programs work—and don’t work—and finding them has never been easier. Additionally, services are more likely to be ef... Read More
5 pages
Document 027094
The National Institute of Justice’s Evaluation of Second Chance Act Adult Reentry Courts: Program Characteristics and Preliminary Themes from Year 1
By Lindquist, Christine; Walters, Jennifer Hardison; Rempel, Michael; Carey, Shannon M.. National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC). RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC); NPC Research (Portland, OR); Center for Court Innovation (New York, NY).
Results from an initial cross-site process evaluation of eight Second Chance Act (SCA) funded reentry courts are presented. Sections of this report include: introduction; reentry courts defined; the NIJ’s Evaluation of Second Chance Act Adult Reentry Courts (NESCAARC) evaluation; selected grantees and the courts’ location; program context—start-up vs. expansion, integration with drug courts, and mechanisms for judicial authority; pre-entry courts; target population and enrollment—criminal justic... Read More
24 pages
Document 027109
Tinkering with Life: A Look at the Inappropriateness of Life Without Parole as an Alternative to the Death Penalty
By Nellis, Ashley.
Problems with and suggested solutions for the increased use of life without parole (LWOP) are discussed. This article is divided into six sections: the rise of LWOP sentences; causes for LWOP expansion—tough on crime, repeal of the death penalty, public mistrust, and promotion of LWOP as a replacement for the death penalty; what is wrong with LWOP—lack of heightened review, mandatory sentences, and racial disparity; LWOP as an inappropriate alternative to the death penalty; suggestions for refor... Read More
20 pages
Document 027111
The Bridge to Somewhere: How Research Made its Way into Legislative Juvenile Justice Reform in Ohio: A Case Study|Revised [edition]
By Celeste, Gabriella. Case Western Reserve University. Schubert Center for Child Studies (Cleveland, OH).
The instrumental use of evidence-based research for influencing the passage of reform efforts affecting the juvenile justice system in Ohio is explained. “Many states across the country face the challenges posed by young people in the juvenile justice system. Ohio is among the few states that has created and implemented innovative funding strategies and relied on research and evaluation to improve its approach” (p. i). Sections following an executive summary are: introduction—case study as a lea... Read More
50 pages
Document 027628
Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies: Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Job Readiness
By Duran, Le’Ann; Plotkin, Martha; Potter, Phoebe; Rosen, Henry. Annie E. Casey Foundation (Philadelphia, PA); U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Council of State Governments Justice Center (New York, NY).
“Employment providers are already serving large numbers of individuals released from correctional facilities or who are required to find jobs as conditions of their probation or parole. Yet the corrections, reentry, and workforce development fields have lacked an integrated tool that draws on the best thinking about reducing recidivism and improving job placement and retention to guide correctional supervision and the provision of community-based services. To address this gap, this white paper p... Read More
76 pages
Document 027676
7 Keys to “Make EBPs Stick”: Lessons From the Field
By Taxman, Faye S..
“Recent evidence to improve the implementation of evidence-based supervision has focused on new training initiatives for staff. While training of staff is important to advance skills and knowledge about these practices, training can be very limited. Organizational strategies are needed to sustain the effort in evidence-based supervision. This article focuses on seven strategies.” Sections of this article include: what is all the hoopla about; strategies at the organizational level/completing the... Read More
16 pages
Document 027678
Stemming the Tide: Strategies to Reduce the Growth and Cut the Cost of the Federal Prison System
By Samuels, Julie; La Vigne, Nancy G.; Taxy, Samuel. Urban Institute (Washington, DC).
“The federal prison population has risen dramatically over the past few decades, as more people are sentenced to prison and for longer terms. The result? Dangerously overcrowded facilities and an increasing expense to taxpayers. In [this] new Urban Institute report, the authors project the population and cost savings impact of a variety of strategies designed to reduce the inmate population without compromising public safety. They find that the most effective approach is a combination of strate... Read More
63 pages
Document 027616
Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections
By Bonta, James; Sperber, Kimberly; Haas, Stephen. Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) (Washington, DC).
“Community corrections researchers and practitioners face many barriers when trying to implement evidence-based programs and practices in the field. This webinar offers some practical strategies for improving the implementation process and achieving better program results. James Bonta describes the efforts of the research team at Public Safety Canada to develop the Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS) model and the large-scale, systematic steps taken to help ensure succ... Read More
94 minutes
Document 027677
Changing Probation Officer Attitudes: Training Experience, Motivation, and Knowledge
By Lowencamp, Christopher T.; Holsinger, Alexander M.; Flores, Anthony W.; Koutsenok, Igor; Pearl, Natalie.
The impact of evidence-based training on the level of probation officers’ (POs) knowledge of “what works” in effective interventions and also on the POs’ attitudes about providing better service are examined. This study shows that “the training had an immediate effect on several indicators regarding knowledge of evidence-based correctional practices, belief in self-efficacy regarding offender change (on the part of probation officers), and an increasing awareness of the importance of core correc... Read More
16 pages
Document 029639
Skills for Offender Assessment and Responsivity in New Goals (SOARING2)
George Mason University. Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE!) (Fairfax, VA).
"This online training system is set up in a series of five modules that you can review at your leisure. You may log in to access the modules using the username and password that have been provided to you. You will also have access to several worksheets (labeled "Module Resources") that you can use with offenders in various stages of case management. These resources are described in more detail in the modules. We hope that you find this system to be a useful tool for enhancing your case managemen... Read More
Document 025556
Motivational Interviewing in Corrections: A Comprehensive Guide to Implementing MI in Corrections
By Bogue, Bradford; Nandi, Anjali. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This guide explains how to implement motivational interviewing (MI) in correctional settings. Motivational Interviewing is a counseling technique that enables people to get beyond their reluctance to change problem behaviors. MI is directive (focused on goals), client-centered, and non-confrontational. The first four chapters of this guide “address background and fundamental issues related to agency or systemwide implementation of MI … [while the last two chapters] address agency issues, such as... Read More
84 pages
Document 026000
Evidence-Based Practices Implementation for Capacity (EPIC)
By English, Kim; Pasini-Hill, Diane; Bonaiuto, David. Colorado Dept. of Public Safety. Office of Research and Statistics (Denver, CO).
This is a great article regarding the statewide implementation of evidence-based correctional practice. The Evidence-Based Practices Implementation for Capacity (EPIC) is a collaborative effort of five agencies in Colorado that “seeks to change the way correctional agencies conduct daily business by changing the ways that correctional staff interact with offenders” (p. 2). Mental Health First Aid training is one EPIC intervention aimed at detecting and helping people with mental health problems.... Read More
12 pages
Document 025292
Performance Based Measurement System: What Really Counts in Corrections!
  • [Satellite/Internet Broadcast held September 14, 2011]
  • National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
    This program provides information about the nationwide automated Performance-Based Measures System (PBMS). PBMS is an accurate, consistent way to capture, record, report and share data between correctional agencies. It was created by the Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA). Participants will be able to:
    • Describe the scope and development of PBMS regarding how specific needs gave rise to PBMS solutions;
    • Describe the key components of PBMS;
    • Examine the benefits of ... Read More
    1 video DVD (130 minutes)
    Document 026291
    Addiction, The Brain, and Evidence Based Treatment
    U.S. Dept. of Justice (Washington, DC).
    “Dr. Chandler will discuss why punishment alone is an ineffective response to the problem of drug abuse in the criminal justice system … Dr. Chandler will also highlight evidence-based principles of addiction treatment based on an integrated public health/public safety strategy.” Topics discussed include: drugs of abuse and crime are linked; smoking in criminal justice; mental health disorders among incarcerated populations; key participants in the criminal justice system and intervention opport... Read More
    82 minutes + 85 pages [PowerPoint slides and transcript]
    Document 026830
    EBP: The Implications of Supervision: Strategies for Improving Corrections' Capacity for Implementing EBPs: The Colorado EBP Project for Implementation Capacity (EPIC) Staff Development System
    By Bogue, Brad. American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY).
    This article looks at the Colorado’s EBP Project for Implementation Capacity (EPIC). “EPIC is a pilot demonstration project to test the efficacy of implementation strategies, especially ones for improving corrections’ capacity for implementing EBPs. This project emphasizes building capacity to implement by focusing on developing a certain set of skills within a select set of staff in 17 different corrections organizations. The skills emphasized are offender assessment, cognitive behavioral tre... Read More
    18 pages
    Document 026506
    Corrections Learning and Performance: A Vision for the 21st Century
    By Hall, Amanda. National Institute of Corrections Academy (Aurora, CO).
    Anyone involved or interested in the future of learning and performance in corrections should read this publication. “This white paper focuses on learning and performance challenges in the 21st century including the role of technology in learning programs and the incorporation of evidence-based practices into program design and delivery. The paper offers an extensive review of learning research in the areas of theory, learners, learning organizations, instructional design, program design, deliv... Read More
    38 pages
    Document 025630
    Environmental Scan 2011
    National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
    “Beginning in the late 1990’s, the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Information Center began scanning social, economic and corrections issues to inform the development of programs and services offered by NIC. This report, now in its 6th edition, has continued to evolve into a popular tool that is also used by corrections practitioners to inform their work in jails, prisons and community corrections. Since there are many issues beyond what is addressed in this environmental scan that poten... Read More
    40 pages
    Document 025627
    Implementation of a Contingency Management-Based Intervention in a Community Supervision Setting: Clinical Issues and Recommendations
    By Trotman, Adria J.; Taxman, Faye E..
    The contingency management component of a cognitively-behaviorally based substance abuse treatment program in a probation setting is examined. Individuals looking to set up a similar treatment program will find this article very informative. The program is called "Supporting Offenders to Avoid Recidivism and Initiate New Goals (SOARING)". Sections following an abstract include: contingency management (CM) overview; CM intervention settings; CM intervention in substance use treatment; CM in crimi... Read More
    15 pages
    Document 025686
    The Role of Program Design, Implementation, and Evaluation in Evidence-Based “Real World” Community Supervision
    By Bourgon, Guy; Bonta, James; Rugge, Tanya; Scott, Terri-Lynne; Yessine, Annie K..
    The use of Strategy in Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS), a comprehensive model for community supervision, is discussed. Those individuals involved with community corrections and its increased effectiveness should read this article. It will explain how to transfer evidence-based practice into “real world” community supervision. Topics covered include: the emergence of the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model; the Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision—program des... Read More
    16 pages
    Document 026024
    WSIPP’s Benefit-Cost Tool for States: Examining Policy Options in Sentencing and Corrections
    Washington State Institute for Public Policy (Olympia, WA).
    The development and implementation of an analytical tool that helps states determine which evidence-based practices are most cost effective in preventing crime and lowering correctional costs. “The project’s overall goal is to use the best information available to identify sentencing and corrections policies that can help states protect public safety and control taxpayer costs. To accomplish this goal, we have constructed a benefit-cost “investment” model that estimates crime and fiscal outcome... Read More
    58 pages
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