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Browsing Documents Related to 'Crime Prevention'

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Date Title Type
2012
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The Effect of Arrest and Imprisonment on Crime
By Wan, Wai-Yin; Moffatt, Steve; Jones, Craig; Weatherburn, Don. New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (Sydney, NSW).
This study looks at the relationship between the probability of arrest and imprisonment and imprisonment duration on property and violent crime rates. “The criminal justice system plays a significant role in preventing crime. Some criminal justice variables, however, exert much stronger effects than others. Increasing arrest rate s is likely to have the largest impact, followed by increasing the likelihood of receiving a prison sentence” (p. 1). Increasing length of stay doesn’t appear to impact... Read More
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19 pages
2011
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Cost-Benefit Analysis and Its Application to Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Research
By Dossetor, Kym. Australian Institute of Criminology (Canberra, ACT).
Agencies wanting to compare the costs involved in implementing one program versus another will find this explanation of the use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) very useful. CBA cannot determine a program’s effectiveness in achieving specific outcomes; this is program evaluation. CBA does show the expected costs and benefits resulting from a program’s utilization. Sections of this report following a set of acronyms include: introduction and overview of cost-benefit analysis—difference between cos... Read More
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57 pages
2010
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Deterrence in Criminal Justice: Evaluating Certainty vs. Severity of Punishment
By Wright, Valerie. The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
The issue of whether more severe punishment results in increased public safety is examined. This paper covers: the conceptualization of deterrence; certainty versus severity of punishment; the failure of more severe sentences to enhance public safety; and the economic costs of more severe sentences.... Read More
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10 pages
2000
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Proceedings of the Large Jail Network Meeting, January 2000
National Institute of Corrections. Jails Division (Longmont, CO).
This meeting focused primarily on topics related to the role of the jail in the local criminal justice system. Contents include: meeting highlights; justice system coordination and cooperation -- how the jail benefits and the system is improved; criminal justice coordination and cooperation; issues in defining and re-defining the jail's mission; role of the jail in contributing to the efficiency of the local criminal justice system; community oriented policing; roundtable discussion of implicati... Read More
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88 p.
1996
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Project Re-Enterprise: A Texas Program
By Moses, Marilyn C.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Institute of Justice (Washington, DC).
Project Re-Enterprise (PRE), administered by the Crime Prevention Institute, enlists the participation of local business leaders in an educational initiative to hone the job-seeking skills of inmates, who interview at mock job fairs. In addition to providing interviewing practice for the inmates, the program has caused some employers to voluntarily alter their policies regarding hiring ex-offenders. This Program Focus describes PRE's process, funding, and measures of success, and also outlines t... Read More
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16 p.
1996
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A National Symposium on Violent Offenders: Summary and Resources
By Krauth, Barbara. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This document is a summary of an NIC-sponsored symposium addressing issues related to violent offenders, held in Longmont, Colorado in May 1995. Presentations made at this symposium detailed research on causes of violence and on treatment, described agency and professional association initiatives targeted toward violent offenders, and highlighted the perspective of victims.... Read More
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59 p.
1995
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Prison Suicide: An Overview and Guide to Prevention
By Hayes, Lindsay M.. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC). National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (Mansfield, MA); National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
This monograph presents a review of the literature and of national and state standards for prison suicide prevention, as well as national data on the incidence and rate of prison suicide, effective prevention programs, and discussion of liability issues. Topics also discussed include staff training, intake screening/assessment, housing, levels of supervision, intervention and administrative review. The document also examines the role of the courts in shaping prison suicide policy. ... Read More
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108 p.
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