U.S. Department of Justice

Post-Conviction Victim Service Providers

Victim Offender Dialogue TEDx

  • The Road to an Undefinable Relationship, M. Gunderson & S. Pessinguia discuss their stories and experience with Victim Offender Dialogue, from Washington Corrections Center for Women.
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Topics In the Library

  • Victim Assistance
  • Victimization
  • Victim Offender Reconciliation
  • Victim Surveys
  • Victimless Crime
  • Elderly Victims
  • Victim
Victims have statutory rights that begin the moment a crime is committed against them. Ideally, victims would be fully informed of their rights at every step in the process: at the time the crime is reported, during the justice process, while the offender is incarcerated, and when the offender reenters the community. Different criminal justice stakeholders are responsible for victim services at different stages of this process. This webpage focuses on victim services such as corrections, reentry, parole, and probation that occur after an offender has been convicted, and it will provide resources and information for those working in this important, but rarely recognized area of corrections.

Many states have created statutes that mirror and expand the federal provisions under 18 U.S.C. Section 3771 and these post-conviction victims’ rights may include:
  • Notification of the location, status, and custody level of the inmate(s), including notification if the inmate(s) is released or escapes from custody
  • Notification of contact information for the institution where the inmate(s) is housed
  • Information about the right to protection, including assistance to obtain “no contact” orders that prevent the inmate(s) from contacting the victim
  • Assistance with the collection of restitution, if the sentence included an order of restitution
  • Providing information about and referrals to crime victim services in the community
  • In cases involving violent crime, receiving information about the Crime Victim Compensation Program
  • Submission of a Victim Impact Statement and information regarding its use and purpose
  • The right to information about compliance during supervision in the community
  • The opportunity to participate in a victim/offender dialogue program

It is very important to know and understand the victim rights in your own jurisdiction, how those rights have been interpreted and what agency is responsible for providing for those rights. In many states the duties for post-conviction services are shared between the state departments of correction and the paroling authority.

Agencies wishing to participate in training and/or examine and improve their response to victim services in corrections may apply for limited, short-term technical assistance to aid their efforts: http://nicic.gov/TA.



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The Road to an Undefinable Relationship, M. Gunderson & S. Pessinguia discuss their stories and experience with Victim Offender Dialogue, from Washington Corrections Center for Women.

Direct Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZtjkE0-5tA&list=PLUOQSTnnJJfusA_-uTT6l-zE6xqTbf7uw&index=11

Recommended Reading

Date Title Type
2016
Document 032727
Working with Victims of Crime: An Integrated Approach for Community Supervision Professionals
By Baker, Maureen; King, Erica; Wheeler, Tara; Conners, Anne; Sanchez, Mara. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC); University of Southern Maine. Muskie School of Public Service. Cutler Institute for Health and Social Policy (Portland, ME).
This Guide provides a comprehensive overview of available information on victims’ rights and services. It is informed by the foundational work of many advocates, academics and community corrections professionals. While the Guide will outline specific tools and resources to inform your work, it is worth noting that there is no “one size fits all” approach that will work across all scenarios. There may be information in the Guide that will require you to self-reflect on your practice as it relates... Read More

2015
Document 029682
Offender Reentry: The Value of Victim Involvement [Broadcast]
By Brisbin, Lorie; Newlin, Lydia ; Costa, Jeralita “Jeri”; Odom, Mark; Seymour, Anne; Baker, Maureen; King, Erica. National Institute of Corrections (NIC) (Washington, DC).
This three-hour national discussion and broadcast by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) focuses on the unique opportunities and challenges of including victims in the offender reentry process. Current points in the criminal justice reentry continuum where victims can and should have a voice are explored. By including victims we can obtain more balanced information about the offender and their offense history which can positively impact reentry decisions. This approach can result in bett... Read More

158 minutes
2014
Document 028306
Post-Conviction Victim Service Providers: Selected Resources Annotated Bibliography
National Institute of Corrections Information Center (NICIC) (Aurora, CO).
Victims have statutory rights that begin the moment a crime is committed against them. Ideally, victims would be fully informed of their rights at every step in the process: at the time the crime is reported, during the justice process, while the offender is incarcerated, and when the offender reenters the community. Different criminal justice stakeholders are responsible for victim services at different stages of this process. National Institute of Corrections’ project, “Post-Conviction Victim ... Read More

49 pages
2015
Document 031408
Evidence-Based Decision Making: Victim Service Provider User's Guide
By Gibel, Susan; Carter, Madeline M.; Ramirez, Rachelle. NIC-13CS09GKN5; National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC). Center for Effective Public Policy (Silver Spring, MD).
"The purpose of this Guide is to prepare and assist VSPs [victim service providers) to become part of an EBDM [Evidence-Based Decision Making] policy team, as outlined in "A Framework for Evidence-Based Decision Making in Local Criminal Justice Systems" (http://nicic.gov/library/024372). To help prepare VSPs for this role, the Guide provides: a rationale for VSPs to become involved with the policy team; an examination of the benefits that can accrue from the participation of VSPs in the EBDM pr... Read More

34 pages
2014
Document 029749
Corrections-Based Victim Services 2016 National Directory
National Association of Victim Service Professionals in Corrections (NAVSPIC) (Wichita, KS).
"This is a national directory of all known corrections-based victim service providers, maintained by the National Association of Victim Service Professionals in Corrections (NAVSPIC)." Information provided includes (if available): contact person, title, state correctional agency, phone number, email address, postal address, and website.... Read More

32 pages
2013
Document 027805
Evaluation of the Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification Program
By Irazola, Seri; Williamson, Erin; Niedzwiecki, Emily; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Stricker, Julie. National Institute of Justice (NIJ) (Washington, DC). ICF International (Fairfax, VA).
Results from an evaluation of Statewide Automated Victim Information and Notification (SAVIN) programs are presented. “Automated victim notification (AVN) is often touted as an effective and efficient means for providing victims timely and accurate information of their offenders’ court events and status changes at reduced burden to the criminal justice system. AVN systems, first introduced in 1994, operate by receiving electronic data (e.g., case number, offender demographics) from participating... Read More
PDF
359 pages
2010
Document 025228
Public Hearing on Victim Issues in Probation and Parole, August 18, 2010: Recommendation Report
By Seymour, Anne. U.S. Dept of Justice. Office for Victims of Crimes (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (Lexington, KY).
“Based on the testimony provided, this report provides a list of 10 recommendations for improving services to crime victims and survivors throughout the community corrections process” (p. 4). Also presented are excerpts from testimony regarding safety, information and notification, restitution, access to available resources, fairness and justice, respect and recognition, and offender accountability.... Read More
PDF
15 pages
2013
Document 027248
Promising Victim Related Practices in Probation and Parole Fact Sheet Series
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (Washington, DC). American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) (Lexington, KY); Council of State Governments (New York, NY).
Access to eight fact sheets “on topics related to crime victims and victims’ needs throughout the community corrections process” is provided. Topics covered are: The Role of Community Corrections in Victim Services; Collaboration and Partnership for Victim Services in Community Corrections; Family Violence; Restitution and Other Legal Financial Obligations; Seeking Victim Input; Victim Information and Notification; Victim/Offender Programs; and Workplace Violence.... Read More
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2013
Document 027379
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services: Final Report
U.S. Dept. of Justice. Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) (Washington, DC).
“The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report presents a cohesive and comprehensive framework for strategic change in the victim services field and addresses ways to overcome political, policy, and philosophical challenges in the field. OVC anticipates that this report will catalyze important first steps in the strategic direction and focus of the victim assistance field. “ ... Read More
WEB
60 pages