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Pretrial Release Services

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    Topics In the Library

    • Pretrial Release
    • Pretrial Detention
    • Pretrial Diversion
    • Pretrial Services
    • Pretrial Diversion Programs
    • Pretrial Risk Assessment
    • Pretrial Research
    Resources for pretrial professionals are available through our online library. You can view recent items that have been added to the library and browse related library topics.

    The Featured Resources on this page are items from the library that we have identified as important for pretrial professionals.

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    Recommended Reading

    Date Title Type
    2011
    Document 025172
    Measuring What Matters: Outcome and Performance Measures for the Pretrial Services Field
    National Institute of Corrections. Pretrial Executives Network (Washington, DC).
    “This monograph presents recommended outcome and performance measures and mission-critical data … [that] will enable pretrial service agencies to gauge more accurately their programs’ effectiveness in meeting agency and justice system goals” (p. v). Sections of this publication include introduction, outcome measures, performance measures, mission-critical data, setting targets, and examples of pretrial release program measures.... Read More
    PDF
    24 pages
    2013
    Document 027567
    Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
    By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
    Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More
    PDF
    16 pages
    2011
    Document 025069
    Kiosk Supervision for the District of Columbia
    By Jannetta, Jesse; Halberstadt, Robin. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
    The use of kiosk supervision for low-risk offenders and pretrial defendants is explained. The use of a kiosk frees up an agency’s supervision time to be used for moderate- and high-risk parolees and probationers. Topics discussed in this publication include: how the kiosk system works; kiosk supervision within a risk-reduction framework; challenges to implementing kiosk supervision; research and analysis regarding kiosk supervision; key implementation lessons; and conclusion. Through the use of ... Read More
    PDF
    7 pages
    2004
    Document 020265
    Standards on Pretrial Release
    National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (Wauwatosa, WI).
    Effective procedures governing the release or detention of arrested individuals are presented. Thirty-four standards and related commentary are organized into the following four parts: general principles governing the pretrial process; nature of first appearance and release/decision; purposes, roles, and functions of pretrial services agencies; and management and oversight of pretrial processes following initial decision concerning release or detention.... Read More
    PDF
    88 p.
    2011
    Document 024954
    State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
    By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
    “This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
    PDF
    42 pages
    2006
    Document 022013
    Pretrial Case Processing In Maine: A Study of System Efficiency & Effectiveness
    By Van Nostrand, Marie; Keebler, Gena; Jablonski, Patrick; Kays, Brian. National Institute of Corrections. Division of Community Corrections and Prisons (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Maine. Corrections Alternative Advisory Committee (CAAC) Augusta, ME.
    An assessment of Maine's pretrial case processing system is provided. This report contains the following sections: introduction; Maine's criminal justice system for pretrial case processing; key system participants (e.g., law enforcement, county jail(s), District and Superior Courts, District Attorney's Office, defense attorney, Grand Jury, pretrial services, and probation services) are described for each county in the state; and Maine pretrial case processing flow chart.... Read More
    PDF
    153 p.

    Related Resources

    Date Title Type
    2015
    Document 029826
    Trends in Pretrial Release: State Legislation
    By Widgery, Amber. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (New York, NY). National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
    "State laws provide a framework for judges and other local officials to determine who is eligible for [pretrial] release and under what conditions. In recent years, state legislation has concentrated largely on individualizing the pretrial process by focusing on specific defendants or offense categories. From 2012 to 2014, 261 new laws in 47 states addressed pretrial policy" (p. 1). This document provides an overview of these legislative enactments. Sections cover pretrial legislation by: risk a... Read More

    5 pages
    2015
    Document 029828
    State Pretrial Release Legislation Database
    Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, Texas). National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
    This is the place to look for significant pretrial legislation enacted by states starting in 2012. You can search by topic, state, keyword, status (adopted, enacted, override pending, pending, and to governor), bill number, year, and author. Topics are: Bond Forfeiture and Conditions Violations; Budget, Oversight, and Administration; Citation in Lieu of Arrest; Commercial Bond Regulation; Conditions of Pretrial Release; Court Guidance for Release Determinations; Diversion Programs; Eligibility f... Read More

    2014
    Document 028317
    Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways to Solve America's Correctional Challenges
    By Ziedenberg, Jason. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Services Division (Washington, DC); NIC-TA#13C5022. National Institute of Corrections (NIC). Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN) (Washington, DC).
    The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) Community Corrections Collaborative Network (CCCN)—a network representing community corrections professionals—commissioned a position paper to explore the successes and challenges facing the community corrections field. The position paper, "Community Corrections Collaborative Network: Safe and Smart Ways To Solve America’s Correctional Challenges", finds that community corrections is a critical part of the public safety system that supervises individua... Read More
    PDF
    36 pages
    2014
    Document 029649
    Pretrial Services: An Effective Alternative to Monetary Bail
    By Lam, Courtney. Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (CJCJ) (New York, NY).
    "In an attempt to reduce jail overcrowding, attention is turning to the 63 percent of people held in county jails who have not been convicted of a crime. Many of these people are waiting for their day in court in jail — not because they pose a risk to public safety, but simply because they cannot afford to post bail … This publication examines the challenges of relying on a monetary bail system and highlights existing solutions, such as pretrial services, that save money, reduce racial dispariti... Read More
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    7 pages
    2014
    Document 028258
    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Pretrial System: A "Front Door" to Health and Safety
    Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (NAPSA) (Washington, DC).
    "The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides an historic opportunity for millions of low-income individuals to obtain insurance coverage for their physical and behavioral health care needs. For the last several years, diverse behavioral health advocates, health care providers and community-based prevention organizations, have worked to understand the implications of the ACA on the justice-involved population. Much of the conversation has been centered on the disproportionately ... Read More
    PDF
    15 pages
    2014
    Document 028429
    A Brief Overview of Pretrial Release Laws
    National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
    "State legislatures consider and enact laws that address all aspects of pretrial policy, including release eligibility, conditions of release, bail, commercial bail bonding and pretrial diversion. These legislative policies have an important role in providing fair, efficient and safe pretrial practices carried out by law enforcement and the courts" (p. 1). Brief descriptions are provided for the following legislative: citation in lieu of arrest; pretrial release eligibility; guidance for setting... Read More
    PDF
    2 pages
    2014
    Document 028362
    Pretrial Justice: The Colorado Story
    Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
    "Over the last few years, Colorado has been working on statewide pretrial justice reform and seen incredible advancements in legislation, policy, and practice. This video chronicles their journey so far in working to establish safe, fair, and effective pretrial justice in the state."... Read More
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    21 minutes
    2014
    Document 028316
    Pretrial Justice Institute
    U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC); Public Welfare Foundation (Washington, DC); Annie E. Casey Foundation (Baltimore, MD). Pretrial Justice Institue (PJI) (Washington, DC).
    '"The Pretrial Justice Institute’s core purpose is to advance safe, fair, and effective juvenile and adult pretrial justice practices and policies … [JPI] created this practice-based, informational resource for practitioners, policymakers, advocates and others interested in improving pretrial justice … [Materials are featured] that have been generated from jurisdictions across the country in the course of their bail reform endeavors to reduce inappropriate detention, optimize diversion from pros... Read More
    WEB
    2013
    Document 028480
    Assessing Pretrial Risk without a Defendant Interview
    By VanNostrand, Marie; Lowenkamp, Christopher T.. Laura and John Arnold Foundation (LJAF) (Houston, TX).
    "Although the use of pretrial risk assessments has increased in recent years, the proportion of jurisdictions employing these instruments remains low, and is estimated to be no more than 10%. This low adoption rate is due in large part to the fact that existing risk assessments require that information be collected through interviews with defendants. Conducting these interviews and verifying the information is a time-consuming and resource-intensive process that many jurisdictions cannot afford"... Read More
    PDF
    21 pages
    2013
    Document 027567
    Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
    By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
    Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More
    PDF
    16 pages
    2013
    Document 027173
    Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
    National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
    The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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    2 pages
    2013
    Document 027173
    Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
    National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
    The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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    2 pages

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