U.S. Department of Justice

Pretrial Release Services

Resources for pretrial professionals are available through our online library. You can view recent items that have been added to the library and browse related library topics.

The Featured Resources on this page are items from the library that we have identified as important for pretrial professionals.

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Recommended Reading

Date Title Type
2011
Document preview
Measuring What Matters: Outcome and Performance Measures for the Pretrial Services Field
National Institute of Corrections. Pretrial Executives Network (Washington, DC).
“This monograph presents recommended outcome and performance measures and mission-critical data … [that] will enable pretrial service agencies to gauge more accurately their programs’ effectiveness in meeting agency and justice system goals” (p. v). Sections of this publication include introduction, outcome measures, performance measures, mission-critical data, setting targets, and examples of pretrial release program measures.... Read More
PDF
24 pages
2013
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Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More

16 pages
2010
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Summary Report of the “Stakeholder Perceptions of Sentencing & Pretrial Options for Misdemeanants”
By Keeling, Deborah G.. Louisville Metro Criminal Justice Commission (Louisville, KY).
This summary is a great place to start for those people trying to determine what pretrial release strategies are most likely to be popular with their stakeholders. The report looks at: the credibility of the program as a sentencing option; the confidence in the program as a sentencing option; the confidence in the program as a pretrial option; individual accountability provided by the program; rank-order of restrictiveness of sentencing and pretrial options; perceived program effectiveness; cate... Read More
PDF
10 pages
2011
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Kiosk Supervision for the District of Columbia
By Jannetta, Jesse; Halberstadt, Robin. Urban Institute. Justice Policy Center (Washington, DC).
The use of kiosk supervision for low-risk offenders and pretrial defendants is explained. The use of a kiosk frees up an agency’s supervision time to be used for moderate- and high-risk parolees and probationers. Topics discussed in this publication include: how the kiosk system works; kiosk supervision within a risk-reduction framework; challenges to implementing kiosk supervision; research and analysis regarding kiosk supervision; key implementation lessons; and conclusion. Through the use of ... Read More
PDF
7 pages
2004
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Standards on Pretrial Release
National Institute of Corrections. Community Corrections Division (Washington, DC). National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies (Wauwatosa, WI).
Effective procedures governing the release or detention of arrested individuals are presented. Thirty-four standards and related commentary are organized into the following four parts: general principles governing the pretrial process; nature of first appearance and release/decision; purposes, roles, and functions of pretrial services agencies; and management and oversight of pretrial processes following initial decision concerning release or detention.... Read More
PDF
88 p.
2011
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State of the Science of Pretrial Risk Assessment
By Mamalian, Cynthia A.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
“This publication is designed for a wide-ranging audience of criminal justice stakeholders who have questions about pretrial risk assessment and its value to the pretrial justice process” (p.3). Sections of this report are: introduction; setting the stage; critical issues related to pretrial release, detention, and risk assessment; challenges to implementing evidence-based risk assessment and threats to reliable administration; methodological challenges associated with prediction of risk; where ... Read More
PDF
42 pages
2006
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Pretrial Case Processing In Maine: A Study of System Efficiency & Effectiveness
By Van Nostrand, Marie; Keebler, Gena; Jablonski, Patrick; Kays, Brian. National Institute of Corrections. Division of Community Corrections and Prisons (Washington, DC). Luminosity, Inc. (St. Petersburg, FL); Maine. Corrections Alternative Advisory Committee (CAAC) Augusta, ME.
An assessment of Maine's pretrial case processing system is provided. This report contains the following sections: introduction; Maine's criminal justice system for pretrial case processing; key system participants (e.g., law enforcement, county jail(s), District and Superior Courts, District Attorney's Office, defense attorney, Grand Jury, pretrial services, and probation services) are described for each county in the state; and Maine pretrial case processing flow chart.... Read More
PDF
153 p.

Related Resources

Date Title Type
2014
Document preview
On the Chopping Block 2013: State Prison Closures
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report describes the continuing trend for states to close or consider closing prisons. Sections discuss: opportunity for closures; reforms in state sentencing practices in 2013; states closing or considering closing correctional facilities in 2013; shifting dynamics on prison closures; repurposing prisons; openings and expansion; and rethinking the use of incarceration.... Read More

6 pages
2014
Document preview
On the Chopping Block 2013: State Prison Closures
The Sentencing Project (Washington, DC).
This report describes the continuing trend for states to close or consider closing prisons. Sections discuss: opportunity for closures; reforms in state sentencing practices in 2013; states closing or considering closing correctional facilities in 2013; shifting dynamics on prison closures; repurposing prisons; openings and expansion; and rethinking the use of incarceration.... Read More

6 pages
2013
Document preview
Ohio Risk Assessment System: ORAS News and Updates
Ohio Ex-Offender Reentry Coalition (Columbus, Ohio).
Access is provided to resources about the Ohio Risk Assessment System (ORAS). Materials available include: training updates; ORAS Newsletters; and ORAS tools—Community Supervision Tool, ORAS Full Binder (all the tools in one pdf), Pretrial Tool, Prison Tool, Reentry Tool, Research data, and Veterans Questionnaire.... Read More

2013
Document preview
Evidence-Based Pretrial Release: Final Paper
By Pepin, Arthur W.. Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) (Williamsburg, VA ).
Anyone looking to reduce the amount of beds they need for pretrial detention should read this publication. It explains why evidence-based assessment of offenders can help reduce the need for current levels of or increased need for pretrial detention capacity. “Evidence-based assessment of the risk a defendant will fail to appear or will endanger others if released can increase successful pretrial release without financial conditions that may defendants are unable to meet. Imposing conditions on ... Read More

16 pages
2013
Document preview
Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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2 pages
2013
Document preview
Guidance for Setting Release Conditions
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
The chart available at this website provides “information on statutory guidance for setting pretrial release conditions” by state. Data presented includes the state, regulating statute, presumption of personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond, least restrictive conditions required, and whether a risk assessment is required.... Read More
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2 pages
2013
Document preview
Pretrial Release Eligibility
National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) (Denver, CO).
“State constitutions and statutes specify which defendants may be detained before trial … However, denial of release is not absolute. A court must make certain determinations before ordering detention … While state laws broadly provide for presumption of release, they also define who is and is not eligible for pretrial release, and under what conditions.” A chart showing pretrial release eligibility by state is available at this website. The chart shows the state and its governing statute, presu... Read More
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3 pages
2013
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Measuring the Prevalence of Crime with the National Crime Victimization Survey
By Lauritsen, Janet L.; Rezey, Maribeth L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “comparisons of victimization rates and prevalence rates of nonfatal violent crime and household property crime from 1993 to 2010. The report uses prevalence rates to describe patterns of repeat victimization for violent and property crime and to identify specific population subgroups at the highest risk for repeat victimization. It compares violent victimization and prevalence rates across victim age and sex and according to victim-offender relationships.” Sections of this ... Read More

27 pages
2013
Document preview
Measuring the Prevalence of Crime with the National Crime Victimization Survey
By Lauritsen, Janet L.; Rezey, Maribeth L.. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) (Washington, DC).
This report presents “comparisons of victimization rates and prevalence rates of nonfatal violent crime and household property crime from 1993 to 2010. The report uses prevalence rates to describe patterns of repeat victimization for violent and property crime and to identify specific population subgroups at the highest risk for repeat victimization. It compares violent victimization and prevalence rates across victim age and sex and according to victim-offender relationships.” Sections of this ... Read More

27 pages
2012
Document preview
Pretrial Risk Assessment 101: Science Provides Guidance on Managing Defendants
U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) (Washington, DC). Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) (Washington, DC).
This brief explains how pretrial risk assessments can benefit the community by improving public safety and reducing costs. Sections cover: what a pretrial risk assessment tool is; the risk factors that are on a pretrial risk assessment; why it is important to some a person’s risk level; the effectiveness of pretrial risk assessments; how pretrial risk assessments are developed; the challenges and limitations of a pretrial risk assessment; and the things criminal justice stakeholders can do to im... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document preview
Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages
2012
Document preview
Raising the Juvenile Justice Jurisdictional Age: Treating Kids as Kids in New York State’s Justice System
On-site use only. Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy (SCAA) (Albany, NY).
The need to increase the age of juvenile court’s jurisdiction from 16-year-olds to 18-year-olds is explained. Topics discussed in this brief include: New York is one of two states in the U.S. (North Carolina being the other) that treat 16-year-olds as adults; research shows that adolescent brains are not fully developed; sending youth to the adult correctional system leads to poorer outcomes; most juveniles commit non-violent and non-serious offenses; young offenders have significant mental heal... Read More
PDF
5 pages

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