U.S. Department of Justice

Thinking for a Change

Topics In the Library

Thinking for a Change 4.0 (T4C) is an integrated cognitive behavioral change program authored by Jack Bush, Ph.D., Barry Glick, Ph.D., and Juliana Taymans, Ph.D., under a cooperative agreement with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). T4C incorporates research from cognitive restructuring theory, social skills development, and the learning and use of problem solving skills.

T4C is comprised of 25 lessons that build upon each other, and contains appendices that can be used to craft an aftercare program to meet ongoing cognitive behavioral needs of your group. Not all lessons can be completed in one session, so a typical delivery cycle may take 30 sessions. Sessions should last between one and two hours. Ideally, the curriculum is delivered two times per week, with a minimum recommended dosage of once per week and a maximum of three times per week. Participants must be granted time to complete mandatory homework between each lesson.

The program is designed to be provided to justice-involved adults and youth, males and females. It is intended for groups of eight to twelve and should be delivered only by trained facilitators. Due to its integrated structure, T4C is a closed group, meaning members need to start at the beginning of a cycle, and may not join the group mid-stream (lesson five is a logical cut-off point for new group members).

T4C is provided by corrections professionals in prisons, jails, detention centers, community corrections, probation, and parole settings. The National Institute of Corrections has trained more than 10,000 individuals as T4C group facilitators, and more than 500 trainers who can train additional staff to facilitate the program with justice-involved clients.

T4C 4.0 represents a significant evolution in the curriculum, both in content and use. It is the most sincere hope of NIC and the authors that the changes enable you and your agency to better serve your clients. Correctional agencies can consider Thinking for a Change as one option in a continuum of interventions to address the cognitive, social, and emotional needs of their client populations.

Recommended Reading

Date Title Type
2011
Document 025057
Thinking for a Change: Integrated Cognitive Behavior Change Program
By Bush, Jack; Glick, Barry; Taymans, Juliana. National Institute of Corrections (Washington, DC).
{{NOTE: The Thinking for a Change curriculum is being revised and as a result NIC is no longer making available copies of any previous versions of Thinking for a Change.}} Thinking for a Change (T4C) is the innovative, evidence-based cognitive behavioral curriculum from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) that has broadly influenced the correctional field and the way correctional facilitators work with offenders and inmates. The program can be delivered to correctional clients by faci... Read More
WEB
2014
Document 025533
Thinking for a Change and Cognitive-Behavioral Programs Annotated Bibliography
By NIC Information Center. National Institute of Corrections Information Center (Aurora, CO).
"This brief bibliography contains research supporting Thinking for a Change as well as CBT [cognitive-behavioral treatment] programs for offenders generally" (p. 2). Seven resources are included regarding the Thinking for a Change Offender Behavior Program along with 24 items about cognitive-behavioral programs (some of these discussing T4C among others), and four covering T4C's effectiveness with youth.... Read More
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