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Pretrial - Policy & Legislation

Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie (2018)

"Wait, does the United States have 1.3 million or more than 2 million people in prison? Are most people in state and federal prisons locked up for drug offenses? Frustrating questions like these abound because our systems of confinement are so fragmented and controlled by various entities.

Out of Sight: The Growth of Jails in Rural America (2017)

"As concern in the United States has grown over the number of people behind bars, policymakers and the public are turning their attention to addressing the decades-long growth in the number of people held in the country’s more than 3,000 locally run jails—county or municipal detention facilities

Era of Mass Expansion: Why State Officials Should Fight Jail Growth (2017)

"It is our hope that this report will prompt detailed examinations of policy and practice in each state: bail policies, citation and arrest practices, overzealous prosecutors, over-burdened courts, harsh criminalization laws, rare or underfunded pre-trial services and diversion programs, and a nu

Building Gender Informed Practices at the Pretrial Stage (2016)

Generally speaking, risk assessments were created to address a predominantly male population.

Strengthening Pretrial Justice: A Guide to the Effective Use of Indicators (2015)

"The decision to detain a person before he is found guilty of a crime, whether made by an arresting office, prosecutor, or judicial officer, can have a severe, lasting, and adverse impact.

Offices of the U.S. Attorneys: Pretrial Diversion Program

"Pretrial diversion (PTD) is an alternative to prosecution which seeks to divert certain offenders from traditional criminal justice processing into a program of supervision and services administered by the U.S. Probation Service.

CCCN LIVE National Forum Discussion [Webinar]

These highlights cover federal resources available to community corrections and criminal justice agencies

The Costs of Pretrial Justice

This series of briefs from CJI explore the cost of pretrial and how to apply cost-benefit analysis to pretrial decision making.

Trends in Pretrial Release: State Legislation

This document provides an overview of legislative enactments regarding pretrial release policy.

State Pretrial Release Legislation Database

This website provides pretrial legislation enacted by states starting in 2012.


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