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Probation and Parole - Supervision

Probation departments often operate with lack of guidance on drug testing, as well as a lack of research on drug testing's impact on reducing recidivism or improving behavioral health. This article details results of a survey of probation departments conducted to examine the landscape of probation policies and procedures and drug testing administration in Illinois.

This one day training event is designed to provide specialized training and technical assistance to improve the capacity of Community Corrections personnel to identify individuals on community supervision who have been victimized by Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and to assure that officers are using trauma-informed approaches to supervision that will protect the supervisee’s safety yet still hold him/her accountable for his/her crime. Using a blended-training curriculum of online course work and classroom instruction, probation/parole officers along with other Community Corrections personnel will be better equipped to address the needs of this population.

"This dynamic analysis tool allows you to examine data collected by the Annual Probation Survey on adult probationers. It includes all adults, regardless of conviction status, who have been placed under the supervision of a probation agency as part of a court order. (Adults are persons subject to the jurisdiction of an adult court or correctional agency.) You can create Custom Tables of the number on adults on probation at yearend. This tool also allows you to create custom tables of probation entries and exits." Access is provided to: User's Manual; quick tables; custom tables; methodology; definitions; supporting documents; and FAQs.

Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT)—Probation Cover

As public officials face another bruising budget season, many are asking themselves what savings can be realized without jeopardizing services. One area that may provide a double bonus – reducing costs and improving outcomes – is the supervision of people on probation.

4.5 million people in this country are considered to be on some form of supervision from parole after prison to probation supervision in local communities. Critics of common probation supervision programs tell us that there are more people on probation in this country than the population of Kentucky.  Perhaps then, instead of all-or-nothing probation alternatives, we consider an innovative and promising probation supervision program called Dosage Probation.  Dosage probation puts the onus for changing criminal behavior on the offender rather than the probation agent tracking down the offender to determine whether he/she is following directives. Essentially, dosage posits to the offender how long they wish to be on probation supervision. If the offender is motivated to change then they are given the opportunity to prove it by completing cognitive skills lessons, therapy, chemical dependency treatment, anger management or other criminogenic factors that are identified through risk assessment.

See pages 14-15.

This is a great introduction to a new probation strategy which links “the duration of probation supervision to the optimal amount of intervention an offender needs in order to reduce risk of reoffense”. This monograph “provides a policy and practice framework upon which this new model of supervision can be constructed. It offers a review of evidence-based approaches to reducing recidivism in our communities, the most recent research on dosage, and its applicability to sentencing and community supervision practices. It describes the model’s promise for increasing community safety through recidivism reduction, as well as achieving fiscal savings by reducing periods of supervision. Finally, the monograph offers a summary of the work of Milwaukee County’s criminal justice stakeholders as they design and conduct the nation’s first dosage probation experiment.” Sections of this publication include: introduction to the dosage model of probation; the principles of effective intervention—who we target for intervention matters (the risk principle), what we target for intervention matters (the need principle), how we intervene and interact matters (the responsivity principle), how well interventions are implemented matters, fidelity and integrity of corrections professionals’ interventions, and the relationship between early termination of supervision and recidivism; adding dosage to the equation—how much dosage is delivered matters, and further study needed; implications—the dosage probation model of supervision; and dosage probation in Milwaukee County.

Dosage Probation: Rethinking the Structure of Probation Sentences Cover

The use of drug testing is pervasive in community supervision, requiring probationers to regularly submit to urine drug testing. Positive drug tests may result in sanctions, technical violations, probation revocations, and even prison sentences. However, experts in addiction medicine recommend using testing to support recovery rather than to exact punishment. This article reviews the literature on drug testing and offers information on efficacy, best practices, and limitations.

“Using effective strategies to keep probationers and parolees crime- and drug-free and curb their revocation rates is among the most important issues facing our community corrections supervision system … Based on solid research, two key strategies that many agencies have begun to implement are the use of swift, certain, and proportionate sanctions to respond to violations, and the use of incentives to promote and reinforce compliance among probationers and parolees” (p. 1-2). This report does a great job in explaining how to effectively combine both sanctions and incentives in probation and parole supervision. These tactics are: consider legal and constitutional issues; apply proper ration of incentives to sanctions; collaborate with key stakeholders; develop structured response grids using key principles; and evaluate program fidelity and outcomes. Also included are a “Response Grid Template” and a “Data Collection Elements” list.

Effective Responses to Offender Behavior: Lessons Learned from Probation and Parole Supervision Cover

In 2014, Abt Associates began work on a grant from the National Institute of Justice to evaluate the effectiveness of home and field contacts in community supervision. The study was designed to describe the varying practices of home and other field contacts in community supervision, to document their use nationwide, and to evaluate their effectiveness in maintaining public safety and promoting compliance with supervision requirements. Abt’s research is designed to address the gap in our understanding of home and field contacts as part of community supervision. 

Researchers examined four intensive supervision probation with services programs supported by Adult Redeploy Illinois for fidelity to the evidence-based service model.

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