Reentry - Community Corrections
National Reentry Resource Center (New York, NY).
"This brief from the National Reentry Resource Center profiles seven states in which recidivism has significantly decreased over the last decade according to several different measures. Using the most up-to-date data from Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Michigan, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas, the brief highlights data on people under community supervision for a more comprehensive picture of recidivism."
Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center (New York, NY).
"This guide lists the available research on the effectiveness and best practices of residential reentry centers (commonly known as halfway houses). Corrections and reentry professionals can use this compendium guide to review the most relevant resources informing halfway house practices."
This report describes how four law enforcement agencies, selected as learning sites, utilized the principles described in “Planning and Assessing a Law Enforcement Reentry Strategy”. “The goals of the learning site project were not to identify a gold standard or the most comprehensive law enforcement-driven reentry program in the nation, but rather to report how diverse agencies implemented strategies in key areas of reentry that many professionals on the front lines of this work face. Although the intended audience is primarily practitioners who have been charged with developing a reentry strategy for their agencies, it is also meant to have value for those individuals and agencies that partner with or hope to partner with law enforcement agencies to ensure that more individuals reenter communities safely and successfully” (p. 3). Three sections follow an executive summary: collaboration—coordination and partnerships; program terms—activities and scope; and data collection and analysis—process and outcome. Also included are profiles of the four law enforcement agencies evaluated.
This is essential reading for those people working or interested in offender reentry efforts. The report looks at correctional systems in the United States, the federal government's involvement in offender reentry programs, and the Second Chance Act (P.L. 110-199). Sections of this report include: correctional system statistics—population in correctional facilities, offenders under community supervision, and recidivism; a brief literature review for offender reentry—offender reentry defined, and program effectiveness--the "What Works" literature; federal offender reentry programs—Department of Justice , other federal agencies, and coordination between federal agencies; and conclusion.
"Adult Redeploy Illinois (ARI) was designed as a response to the high numbers of non-violent offenders incarcerated in Illinois’ prisons at great cost to the state. Participating ARI counties divert non-violent offenders from prison and into community corrections programs. These programs are less expensive than prison and designed to be more effective at reducing recidivism" (p. i). Sections of this report include: key findings; introduction; about Adult Redeploy Illinois; methodology; findings—client data; findings—program planning; findings—program implementation; findings—client interviews; implications for policy and practice; and conclusion. "With 127 diversions, the DuPage County ARI program exceeded its goal of reducing prison commitments of the non-violent target population by 25 percent. Probation officers reported offering clients evidence-based, cognitive-behavioral supervision and services. Overall, clients highly regarded the ARI program and their probation officers" (p. iii).
Labrecque, Ryan M., Myrinda Schweitzer, and Paula Smith. George Mason University, Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence (ACE!) (Fairfax, VA).
This article discusses "the findings of a study examining the effect training on CCPs has on subsequent officer use of [supervision] skills" (p. 21).
“These checklists can help familiarize state leaders with key issues related to recidivism reduction, and help them honestly evaluate strengths and weaknesses in their reentry efforts through enhanced communication and coordination.” Checklists are targeted for each of the following—executive and legislative policymakers, state corrections administrators, and state reentry coordinators. The checklists can be used to educate policymakers, to assess the comprehensiveness of their recidivism strategies, for strategic planning, and for periodically auditing reentry efforts.
Independent Voter Network (IVN) (San Diego, CA).
This article briefly describes the successful use of NIC’s Transition from Jail to Community (TJC) at San Diego’s East Mesa Reentry Facility (EMRF) and the Community Transition Center (CTC).