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Reentry - Skills Building

Lindquist, Christine, Willison, Janeen Buck, Rossman, Shelli, Walters, Jennifer Hardison, and Lattimore, Pamela K. National Association of Counties (NACo) (Washington, DC). 

This report describes the implementation challenges and successes among seven grantees who implemented adult reentry programs using SCA funding.

Seven grantees were included in the Cross Site Evaluation of the Bureau of Justice Assistance’s Fiscal Year 2011 Second Chance Act Adult Offender Reentry Demonstration Projects. Each project provided comprehensive reentry programming to criminal justice system involved adults under state or local custody before and after their return to the community. Target populations and service delivery approaches varied across sites. Each project, however, addressed the multiple challenges facing formerly incarcerated individuals upon their return to the community by providing an array of pre and post-release services, including education and literacy programs, job placement, housing services, and mental health and substance abuse treatment. Risk and needs assessments, transition case planning, and case management were key elements of grantees’ demonstration projects.

Thinking for a Change 4.0 (T4C) is an integrated cognitive behavioral change program authored by Jack Bush, Ph.D., Barry Glick, Ph.D., and Juliana Taymans, Ph.D., under a cooperative agreement with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC). T4C incorporates research from cognitive restructuring theory, social skills development, and the learning and use of problem solving skills.

T4C is comprised of 25 lessons that build upon each other, and contains appendices that can be used to craft an aftercare program to meet ongoing cognitive behavioral needs of your group. Not all lessons can be completed in one session, so a typical delivery cycle may take 30 sessions. Sessions should last between one and two hours. Ideally, the curriculum is delivered two times per week, with a minimum recommended dosage of once per week and a maximum of three times per week. Participants must be granted time to complete mandatory homework between each lesson.

The program is designed to be provided to justice-involved adults and youth, males and females. It is intended for groups of eight to twelve and should be delivered only by trained facilitators. Due to its integrated structure, T4C is a closed group, meaning members need to start at the beginning of a cycle, and may not join the group mid-stream (lesson five is a logical cut-off point for new group members).

T4C is provided by corrections professionals in prisons, jails, detention centers, community corrections, probation, and parole settings. The National Institute of Corrections has trained more than 10,000 individuals as T4C group facilitators, and more than 500 trainers who can train additional staff to facilitate the program with justice-involved clients.

T4C 4.0 represents a significant evolution in the curriculum, both in content and use. It is the most sincere hope of NIC and the authors that the changes enable you and your agency to better serve your clients. Correctional agencies can consider Thinking for a Change as one option in a continuum of interventions to address the cognitive, social, and emotional needs of their client populations’.

Thinking for a Change 4.0 Cover


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